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Fig 4 the relation of the writings of the human body tothe signs of the zodiacafter the young mortal had safely arrived, and if a fortunate destinyhad placed in his cradle a favorable medical horoscope, both for thehour during which the first material foundation had been laid forhis life and also for the hour of his birth, he had overcome only asmall writing of the troubles which the starry world might be able toinflict on his bodily welfare if the various signs of heaven appearedin unfavorable conjunction, or if the moon entered into any fatalrelations with the signs of the zodiac, members of the body which wereunder the influence of the respective celestial bodies were stillimperiled these dangers might threaten not only one individual, butthey were capable, eventually, even of calling down epidemics andpestilence upon all humanity after any form of disease had taken holdof a person its course, treatment, and termination could be clearlyread in the stars of heaven it was necessary, above all, to ascertainthe day, hour, and minute when the disease appeared unfortunately, this must have been quite difficult at times. For thesis diseases beginso insidiously that the moment of the attack is completely beyondprecise definition in such a case one did the best that could be done, and probably took as the moment of attack the first complaints of thepatient regarding his disorder after the appearance of the disease wasdated in such a manner, the heavenly body, in the ascendant at thisperiod, was then ascertained. Thus, the position and the course and thephases of the moon, the relations of sun and moon to the twelve signsof the zodiac, and the planets would be noted it was necessary toobserve whether the moon was in opposition, quadrature, or conjunctionto the planets while she stood in the sign of this or that figure ofthe zodiac from these observations clear conclusions were first drawnregarding the general condition, the character, the duration, and theprognosis of the affection these conclusions, however, were by nomeans satisfactory as yet an attempt was therefore made to obtain amuch more detailed insight into the causes, complications, and therapyof the case in question by means of astrology, and such information wasabundantly provided in the medicina astrologica in the first place, the fact that sun, moon, planets, and the signsof the zodiac shared the rule over the various organs of the body, and furnished positive intimations regarding the cause of the diseasein question, made it unnecessary for the physician to trouble himselfat all with an examination of the patient in order to ascertain causeand localization of the affection one glance at the conjunctions ofthe stars was sufficient to show which organ of the patient happenedto be endangered by the celestial constellation if an individualcomplained, for instance, of disturbed digestion, and if the heavenlybody that presided over the liver presented any remarkable phenomena, naturally only the liver was responsible for the case in question, and the diagnosis was made complications were to be expected if thestars which controlled the circulation of blood and mucus showedunfavorable signs it was even possible for the physician well versedin astrology to determine in advance the period of time at which theoccurrence of such humoral complications might be expected, as he hadlearned that the various hours of the day and of the night were toexert a powerful influence upon the juices of the body for instance, almanzor explains that the first three hours of day and of night arein closest relation to the blood, whereas the second quarters of dayand of night hold sway over the yellow, the third over the black bile, and the last quarters, finally, over the mucus however, notonly were the various hours of great importance to the course of thedisease, but certain days of the disease so-called critical days wereof still greater significance it is true, the doctrine of thesecritical days was by no means the property of medicina astrologica, but the corpus hippocraticum already contained a book περὶχρίησὶμων but the followers of hippocrates had developed thistheory only from humoro-pathological premises, and galen, in his workχρήἱσιμαι ἡμέραι, had only included astrology in order to explainand to prove the entire doctrine of crises compare also sudhoff hecalculated in accordance with moon weeks and months, and in such amanner that a week counted six days and seventeen and one-half hours, and the month of the moon only twenty-six days and twenty-two hours the seventh, fourteenth, twentieth, and twenty-seventh days were tobe considered critical days of the first order “contemplate, ” saysgalen, “the critical days in the course of the moon in the angles ofa geometrical figure of sixteen sides. If you find these angles in afavorable constellation, the patient will fare well. Badly, however, if evil signs prevail ” but not only were certain hours and certaindays of the week said to exert an important astrological influence uponthe human body, such an influence was ascribed also to certain years such years were called “anni scansiles” that is, “climacteric ” theexpression “anni climacterici” was also used, but this designationhas nothing in common with the modern conception of the climacteric it was believed that the condition of the body underwent a thoroughrevolution during these climacteric years, and that a new stage, as itwere, of organic life was reached heinrich von rantzau, the astronomicaristocrat and statesman, accordingly defines the climacteric yearsas “anni, in quibus ad sequentis temporis constitutionem sese vertatætas et inflectat ” therefore, such years should in themselves harbordangers for corporeal existence, and offer no favorable prospect forthe course of diseases two kinds of such climacteric years were distinguished one kind wasbrought about by multiplication with the figure 7, and they werecalled anni hebdomatici, or climacterici stricte sic dicta accordingly, these were the years 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63 these nine years formed the climactericus parvus, whereas the years77, 84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126 were called the climactericusmagnus a multiplication which extended further, to 171, reachedthe climactericus maximus the other kind of climacteric years wasobtained by multiplication with 9, and such years were called annienneatici, or decretorii these were the years 9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90, 99, 108, etc however, these climacteric years did not all present the same dangers, but the peril inherent in them varied considerably it was determinedby the multiplicator, and here especially the 3 and the 7 played avery fatal rôle the 21st year of life 3 × 7, and the 27th 3 × 9, were one grade higher in the scale of dangers than those obtained byother multiplicators still more dangerous were those years arrived atby ascending in spaces of three hebdomads.

Of a dark blueish green colour, essaywhat likeunto woad, but nothing so large, a little crumpled, and as it wereround-pointed, which do so abide the first year. And the next springfrom among them, rise up divers round stalks, two or three feet high, beset with thesis such like leaves thereon, but smaller, and shootingforth small branches, which with the stalks carry thesis small yellowflowers, in a long spiked head at the top of them, where afterwardscome the seed, which is small and black, inclosed in heads that aredivided at the tops into four writings the root is long, white and thick, abiding the winter the whole herb changes to be yellow, after it hathbeen in flower awhile place it grows every where by the way sides, in moist grounds, aswell as dry, in corners of fields and bye lanes, and essaytimes all overthe field in sussex and kent they call it green weed time it flowers in june government and virtues matthiolus saith, that the root hereof curestough phlegm, digests raw phlegm, thins gross humours, dissolves hardtumours, and opens obstructions essay do highly commend it againstthe biting of venomous creatures, to be taken inwardly and appliedoutwardly to the hurt place. As also for the plague or pestilence thepeople in essay countries of this land, do use to bruise the herb, andlay it to cuts or wounds in the hands or legs, to heal them wheat all the several kinds thereof are so well known unto almost all people, that it is all together needless to write a description thereof government and virtues it is under venus dioscorides saith, thatto eat the corn of green wheat is hurtful to the stomach, and breedsworms pliny saith, that the corn of wheat, roasted upon an iron pan, and eaten, are a present remedy for those that are chilled with cold the oil pressed from wheat, between two thick plates of iron, or copperheated, heals all tetters and ring-worms, being used warm. And herebygalen saith, he hath known thesis to be cured matthiolus commends thesame to be put into hollow ulcers to heal them up, and it is good forchops in the hands and feet, and to make rugged skin smooth the greencorns of wheat being chewed, and applied to the place bitten by a maddog, heals it. Slices of wheat bread soaked in red rose water, andapplied to the eyes that are hot, red, and inflamed, or blood-shotten, helps them hot bread applied for an hour, at times, for three daystogether, perfectly heals the kernels in the throat, commonly calledthe king evil the flour of wheat mixed with the juice of henbane, stays the flux of humours to the joints, being laid thereon the saidmeal boiled in vinegar, helps the shrinking of the sinews, saith pliny;and mixed with vinegar, and boiled together, heals all freckles, spotsand pimples on the face wheat flour, mixed with the yolk of an egg, honey, and turpentine, doth draw, cleanse and heal any boil, plague, sore, or foul ulcer the bran of wheat meal steeped in sharp vinegar, and then bound in a linen cloth, and rubbed on those places that havethe scurf, morphew, scabs or leprosy, will take them away, the bodybeing first well purged and prepared the decoction of the bran ofwheat or barley, is of good use to bathe those places that are burstenby a rupture. And the said bran boiled in good vinegar, and appliedto swollen breasts, helps them, and stays all inflamations it helpsalso the biting of vipers which i take to be no other than our englishadder and all other venomous creatures the leaves of wheat mealapplied with essay salt, take away hardness of the skin, warts, and hardknots in the flesh wafers put in water, and drank, stays the laskand bloody flux, and are profitably used both inwardly and outwardlyfor the ruptures in children boiled in water unto a thick jelly, andtaken, it stays spitting of blood. And boiled with mint and butter, ithelps the hoarseness of the throat the willow tree these are so well known that they need no description i shalltherefore only shew you the virtues therof government and virtues the moon owns it both the leaves, bark, and the seed, are used to stanch bleeding of wounds, and at mouth andnose, spitting of blood, and other fluxes of blood in man or woman, and to stay vomiting, and provocation thereunto, if the decoction ofthem in wine be drank it helps also to stay thin, hot, sharp, saltdistillations from the head upon the lungs, causing a consumption theleaves bruised with essay pepper, and drank in wine, helps much the windcholic the leaves bruised and boiled in wine, and drank, stays theheat of lust in man or woman, and quite extinguishes it, if it be longused. The seed also is of the same effect water that is gathered fromthe willow, when it flowers, the bark being slit, and a vessel fittingto receive it, is very good for redness and dimness of sight, or filmsthat grow over the eyes, and stay the rheums that fall into them. Toprovoke urine, being stopped, if it be drank. To clear the face andskin from spots and discolourings galen saith, the flowers have anadmirable faculty in drying up humours, being a medicine without anysharpness or corrosion. You may boil them in white wine, and drink asmuch as you will, so you drink not yourself drunk the bark works thesame effect, if used in the same manner, and the tree hath always abark upon it, though not always flowers. The burnt ashes of the barkbeing mixed with vinegar, takes away warts, corns, and superfluousflesh, being applied to the place the decoction of the leaves or barkin wine, takes away scurff and dandriff by washing the place with it it is a fine cool tree, the boughs of which are very convenient to beplaced in the chamber of one sick of a fever woad descript it hath divers large leaves, long, and essaywhat broadwithal, like those of the greater plantain, but larger, thicker, of agreenish colour, essaywhat blue withal from among which leaves rises upa lusty stalk, three or four feet high, with divers leaves set thereon;the higher the stalk rises, the smaller are the leaves. At the top itspreads divers branches, at the end of which appear very pretty, littleyellow flowers, and after they pass away like other flowers of thefield, come husks, long and essaywhat flat withal. In form they resemblea tongue, in colour they are black, and they hang bobbing downwards the seed contained within these husks if it be a little chewed givesan azure colour the root is white and long place it is sowed in fields for the benefit of it, where thosethat sow it, cut it three times a year time it flowers in june, but it is long after before the seed isripe government and virtues it is a cold and dry plant of saturn essaypeople affirm the plant to be destructive to bees, and fluxes them, which, if it be, i cannot help it i should rather think, unless beesbe contrary to other creatures, it possesses them with the contrarydisease, the herb being exceeding dry and binding however, if any beesbe diseased thereby, the cure is, to set urine by them, but set it ina vessel, that they cannot drown themselves, which may be remedied, ifyou put pieces of cork in it the herb is so drying and binding, thatit is not fit to be given inwardly an ointment made thereof stanchesbleeding a plaister made thereof, and applied to the region of thespleen which lies on the left side, takes away the hardness and painsthereof the ointment is excellently good in such ulcers as abound withmoisture, and takes away the corroding and fretting humours.

Fingersclinched. Superficial veins contained fluid black blood mark of cordextended from just below left mastoid process, where the knot wasapplied, across the thyro-hyoid membranes to a place on right sideabout two inches below ear there was scarcely a trace of it behind skin dark and ecchymosed, but no ecchymosis of subcutaneous connectivetissues no discoloration nor fracture in neck subarachnoidal fluidin excess. Puncta vasculosa unusually numerous under surface ofepiglottis reddened and showed two small dark red ecchymoses. Mucousmembrane of larynx and trachea pale lungs showed venous congestion;no infarctions or small ecchymoses. Right lung emphysematous. The leftshowed old firm adhesions throughout heart large, flabby, pale, a verylittle blood in each ventricle. Subpericardial ecchymosis one-fourthinch square anteriorly, another larger one posteriorly. Extensivepericardial adhesions liver and kidneys congested 81 see two paper of judicial hanging by wilkie, same journal, 1881, xvi , p 275 82 porter.

Essaytimes branches forth into diverswritings, full of joints, and with divers very fine small leaves atevery one of them, little or nothing rough at write my research papers all. At the tops of thebranches grow thesis long tufts or branches of yellow flowers very thickset together, from the several joints which consist of four leaves apiece, which smell essaywhat strong, but not unpleasant the seed issmall and black like poppy seed, two for the most writing joined together:the root is reddish, with thesis small threads fastened to it, which takestrong hold of the ground, and creep a little. And the branches leaninga little down to the ground, take root at the joints thereof, wherebyit is easily increased there is another sort of ladies bedstraw growing frequently in england, which bears white flowers as the other doth yellow. But the branches ofthis are so weak, that unless it be sustained by the hedges, or otherthings near which it grows, it will lie down to the ground. The leavesa little bigger than the former, and the flowers not so plentiful asthese. And the root hereof is also thready and abiding place they grow in meadow and pastures both wet and dry, and by thehedges time they flower in may for the most writing, and the seed is ripe injuly and august government and virtues they are both herbs of venus, and thereforestrengthening the writings both internal and external, which she rules the decoction of the former of those being drank, is good to fret andbreak the stone, provoke the urine, stays inward bleeding, and healsinward wounds the herb or flower bruised and put into the nostrils, stays their bleeding likewise. The flowers and herbs being made intoan oil, by being set in the sun, and changed after it has stood ten ortwelve days. Or into an ointment being boiled in axunga, or salladoil, with essay wax melted therein, after it is strained. Either theoil made thereof, or the ointment, do help burnings with fire, orscalding with water the same also, or the decoction of the herb andflower, is good to bathe the feet of travellers and lacquies, whoselong running causes weariness and stiffness in the sinews and joints if the decoction be used warm, and the joints afterwards anointed withointment, it helps the dry scab, and the itch in children.

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It isone of a type it has been selected as one of the utterly irrationaland therefore potentially dangerous mixtures, that may be found bythe score or the hundred in the catalogues of practically everypharmaceutical manufacturing firm in the united states -- from thejournal a m a , june 14, 1919 proteogens of the wm s merrell company report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has adopted and authorized publication of the statementwhich appears below, declaring proteogen no 1 plantex for cancer, proteogen no 2 for rheumatism, proteogen no 3 for tuberculosis, proteogen no 4 for hay fever and bronchial asthma, proteogen no 5for dermatoses, proteogen write my research papers no 6 for chlorosis, proteogen no 7 forsecondary anemia, proteogen no 8 for pernicious anemia, proteogenno 9 for goitre, proteogen no 10 for syphilis, proteogen no 11for gonorrhea, and proteogen no 12 for influenza and pneumoniainadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because theircomposition is secret. Because the therapeutic claims made for themare unwarranted. And because the secrecy and complexity of theircomposition makes the use of these preparations irrational the council took up the consideration of the merrell proteogens becauseof inquiries received, and on january 27 invited the merrell companyto aid in the proposed investigation by submitting information inregard to the composition of the preparations, submitting the currentadvertising, and presenting evidence for the claims that were madefor the preparations while the merrell company agreed to submit therequested information, this had not been received at the time thereport of the referee to whom the products had been assigned referee1, was adopted this report was sent to the company on april 4 inreply the merrell company protested against the conclusions of thereport and submitted considerable material in an attempt to supportthe claims made for the products this material was examined by thefirst referee and then transmitted to a second referee referee 2 forconsideration the second referee concluded that the matter submittedoffered no evidence that would justify the council in modifying thereport first adopted, and hence recommended that its publication beauthorized in accordance with this recommendation report of referee 2 thecouncil authorized the publication of the reports of both the first andsecond referees w a puckner, secretary report of first referee on proteogens“proteogens, ” according to the william s merrell co , are “polyvalentproteins of non-toxic plant origin ” the subject of proteogens canbest be approached by recalling the history of “autolysin, ” analleged remedy for cancer, originated by a s horowitz, ph d thiswas exploited essay years ago, and was finally shown to be worthless proteogens are said to be prepared “under the personal supervision ofthe originator, dr a s horowitz ” the composition of the differentproteogens is essentially secret the assertion was made at one time, but is not found in the present advertising matter, that plantex-- nowcalled “proteogen no 1”-- is similar to autolysin now the proteogensare said to be “prepared by a special process employing variouscombinations of plants ” further. The biologic principles present are chlorophyll, chromoplast, lipoids and vitamines. These are ferments or enzymes the vegetable acids, metalloids and metals present in all plants in colloid form act biochemically among the metalloids are hydrogen, carbon, manganese, oxygen, sulphur, phosphorus and chlorine. The heavy metals are iron, potassium, sodium, magnesium and copper these biochemic principles are always present in plants as colloids ”it is claimed by the merrell company that. “proteogens stimulate the cytogenic mechanism to higher activity. Therefore, indirectly cleave the invading microorganism and eliminate their special toxins proteogens swing the disturbed metabolism back to normal and, by natural processes, build up effective defenses against recurrent bacterial attacks ”proteogen no 1 was first introduced as “plantex, ” and at that time themerrell company referred to a preparation that was the result of “aseries of studies” carried out by a “noted biologist” with a view of“evolving a cancer remedy” that was “to be autolytic in character, ” andannounced.