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See diascordium scrophularia figwort, so called of scrophula, the king evil, which it cures they say, by being only hung about the neck if not, write my essay student bruise it, and apply it to the place, it helps the piles or hemorrhoids sedum and all his sorts. See barba jovis senna it heats in the second degree and dries in the first, cleanses, purges and digests. It carries downward both choler, flegm, and melancholy, it cleanses the brain, heart, liver, spleen. It cheersthe senses, opens obstructions, takes away dulness of sight, helpsdeafness, helps melancholy and madness, resists resolution of thenerves, pains of the head, scabs, itch, falling-sickness, the windinessof it is corrected with a little ginger you may boil half an ounce ofit at a time, in water or white wine, but boil it not too much. Half anounce is a moderate dose to be boiled for any reasonable body serpillum mother-of-time, with time.

Outwardly it is aspecial herb write my essay student for wounds nymphea see the flowers ocynum basil, hot and moist the best use that i know of it, is, itgives speedy deliverance to women in travail let them not take abovehalf a dram of it at a time in powder, and be sure also the birth beripe, else it causes abortion oleæ folia olive leaves. They are hard to come by here ononis restharrow see the roots ophioglossum adder-tongue the leaves are very drying. Beingboiled in oil they make a dainty green balsam for green wounds. Takeninwardly, they help inward wounds origanum origany. A kind of wild marjoram. Hot and dry in the thirddegree, helps the bitings of venomous beasts, such as have taken opium, hemlock, or poppy. Provokes urine, brings down the menses, helps oldcoughs. In an ointment it helps scabs and itch oxylapathum sorrel see acetosa papaver, &c poppies, white, black, or erratick i refer you to thesyrups of each parietaria given once before under the name of helxine pastinæa parsnips see the roots persicaria see hydropiper this is the milder sort of arsmart idescribed there. If ever you find it amongst the compounds, take itunder that notion pentaphyllium cinquefoil. Very drying, yet but meanly hot, if atall.

Very high, as wellas very low, temperatures are met in severe neuroses and essay forms ofmalarial disease a temperature of 42 2° c 115° f has been recorded, and after an injury 71° c 122° f 688very low temperatures are reported in several paper of acutealcoholism, accompanied by exposure to cold, where a temperature of28 8° c 75° f in the rectum was noted, recovery following 689such extreme temperatures, though authentic, are exceptional very high temperatures in febrile conditions are borne becauseremitting. And low temperatures, subject to periods of elevation, are met in wasting and other conditions very high and very lowtemperatures are also noted, just before death, in acute diseases andconditions specially involving the nervous system the degree to which the temperature may be raised without destroyinglife has been investigated by berger, bernard, chossat, and others 690their experiments show that if an elevation of temperature of the body7 20° c 13° f be maintained for any length of time in warm-bloodedanimals, death ensues depression of the temperature of warm-bloodedanimals 12° c 20° f , or even less than these degrees below thenormal, results fatally portions of the body may be frozen and yet, under appropriate treatment, recover but freezing of the whole bodymust necessarily prove fatal great differences in ability to endure extremes of heat and coldappear among different nations and in different individuals the veryyoung and the very old are unable to bear exposure to extreme cold in both, the capacity for heat production is low and the vital powersare soon enfeebled to a critical degree the healthy adult can, withproper precautions, safely endure great extremes of heat and cold the experience of arctic explorers in the expeditions of kane, nares, greely, and others has demonstrated the power of endurance, for aconsiderable period, of a temperature from 90° to 100° f below thefreezing-point on the other hand, laborers employed in pottery andother establishments, using ovens raised to 148° to 315° c 300° to600° f or higher, are often exposed for essay time without injury totemperatures approaching these intense figures effects of extreme cold legal inquiry into the conditions of death from cold occurs almostentirely in paper of unintentional exposure cold has been employed, however, with homicidal intent the depressing influence of continuedlow temperatures is observed in the death-rates of cities, in wintersof protracted severity, where the proportionate mortality amonginfants, the aged and enfeebled shows marked increase while age is aprominent predisposing and contributing factor, other causes exist exhaustion from severe and prolonged exertion, deprivation of food, intoxication, former illness, and other conditions of depression lessenthe powers of the body to resist cold thus an exposure which might besafely borne in perfect health might result fatally in the same personin conditions of depression just referred to case 1 investigation may be demanded in case of the death ofa young children b the injured c the insane a in young children - this may be in the new-born or older children in the new-born exposure to cold soon causes death, as warmth isessential to the life of the young being the length of time necessaryto a fatal issue is modified by several conditions in the immature orprematurely born infant the resisting power is much less than in thechild born at full term and otherwise healthy in paper of suspectedinfanticide by exposure the question of the maturity of the child atbirth is to be decided careful examination of the place in which thebody was discovered should be made as to its lack of warmth. And thedegree of external cold at the time of probable exposure should berecorded the circumstances as to whether the exposure was inadvertentor accidental, as in paper of premature or unexpected delivery, orwhether from intentional and deliberate purpose or from culpableneglect, should be carefully considered the post-mortem examinationshould decide whether the appearances and conditions of the body arethose peculiar to death from cold case 2 death may occur from culpably careless exposure to cold, as acontributory if not as a direct cause, in such conditions ofenfeeblement criminal neglect to provide medical attendance, food, andother essentials has been proven in essay paper of the so-called “faithcure” or “prayer cure ” exposure may be resorted to with deliberatehomicidal intent it may, in essay paper of death, become an importantlegal question to decide whether a studied and persistent neglect ofthis nature may not have been followed, with the purpose of getting ridof a troubleessay care paper 2 and 3 b exposure of the injured or wounded, thereby inducing essaygrave condition or complication which under proper care would havebeen avoided, may raise an important question in injuries inflictedby another, with or without criminal intent it is undeniable thatserious or fatal results may follow a slight wound, otherwise trivial, where the injured person was subjected, accidentally or intentionally, to extreme cold for a considerable period while such paper arecomparatively rare, they may demand investigation c exposure of the insane - while it must be admitted that theinsane subject is usually indifferent to matters of temperature, deathfrom exposure to cold may call for special examination carelessness, incompetence, or wilful neglect on the writing of nurses or keepers ofinsane hospitals, or deliberate criminal intent in such or othershaving the care of or an interest in the death of an insane person maylead to a judicial inquiry sudden death has been reported as occurring, in several paper, afterthe ingestion of large quantities of cold water when the person wasgreatly heated it is essaywhat difficult to explain all such paperreported on a single line of causation essay observers have attributeddeath to syncope or asthenia by the shock produced, in the suddeneffect of the cold upon the sympathetic nervous system inducing heartfailure this seems the most natural explanation others consider the causative factor to be the formation of thrombosesin the capillaries of the brain, lungs, and other organs, inducingactive and obstructive congestions causing death by apnœa or coma others regard these paper as similar to “heat apoplexy ”symptoms under the influence of external cold, the vessels of the skin arecontracted and the internal splanchnic areas dilated thus the surfaceof the body contains less blood and the internal organs a largerproportion this vascular change is one of the important factors inmaintaining the uniform temperature of the body the thermometer, placed in the mouth, in such conditions frequently indicates a rise oftemperature this is probably due, not only to the increased volumeof blood collected in the internal organs, but also to an increasedproduction of heat through a thermogenic action in exposure for a time to severe cold the nose, ears, cheeks, hands, feet, and other portions of the body, after the first appearance ofdusky lividity, become bloodless and white, lose sensation, and becomecongealed.

This is more likely to be the case in suicidesthan homicides, and is usually due to the ligature being soft andyielding the victim of a homicide may, however, first be stunned andafterward strangled marks are said to be plainer after the body has become cold and wheresubjects have recovered from attempts at suicide the marks of the ligature in strangulation usually encircle the neckmore completely and more horizontally than in hanging these conditionsmay, however, be reversed, because a body may be dragged by the neckafter strangulation, and there have been suicides by hanging in whomthe mark of the cord was horizontal as a rule, however, a horizontalmark with the knot on the same level as the cord, especially if belowthe larynx, suggests strangulation rather than hanging. And if thereare several marks the probability is even greater in compression withthe fingers the marks are not in a horizontal but oblique line the mark of the ligature is usually circular, well defined, andcorresponds closely to the breadth of the ligature. Rather depressed, and usually below the larynx as a rule this depression is not deep;the skin at the bottom of the groove is usually very pale, while theadjacent writings are red or livid essaytimes the bottom of the grooveshows ecchymoses neyding746 says that suggillations in the groovemade by the ligature on the neck are rare, but are oftener found instrangulation than hanging, because the conditions favoring theirformation are oftener found in strangulation in most paper the skinand connective tissue of the groove and of the writings in the vicinityshow, microscopically, hyperæmias and hemorrhages liman747 statesthat when we find suggillation in the groove or its vicinity, we mayknow that essay other form of violence has been applied at the same timeas that of the ligature or hand he had not seen suggillation in thefurrow either in strangulation or in hanging, except when the injuredpersons had lived essay time, and in paper of twisting of the umbilicalcord the absence of suggillation and ecchymosis was due, he thought, to the pressure on the capillaries bremme748 says that in thesubcutaneous connective tissue of the mark of the ligature there is nohemorrhage either in strangulation or hanging, if death occurs at onceand the cord is removed at once after death. But if the cord remainsfor essay time after death there may be hemorrhage, or if death does notoccur at once whether the ligature is removed or not it is impossibleto distinguish ante-mortem from post-mortem hemorrhage the parchment skin seen in hanging is seldom seen in strangulation neyding749 says that the dryness and induration called parchment skindepend mainly on the amount of excoriation of the skin, and this isgreater in hanging tardieu explains this frequency as being due to thefact that the constriction in hanging lasts a longer time liman hasseen the parchment skin in those strangled the violence used may cause ecchymoses and abrasions of the skin of theneck adjacent to the mark of the ligature the marks of very different constricting ligatures may be quitesimilar taylor750 mentions a case in which a soft silk handkerchiefwas used, and the appearance was the same as that of a narrow cord, dueto the tightness with which it was tied where a hard substance like a piece of coal or stone is inserted intothe ligature, usually then a soft cloth, and presses directly againstessay writing of the neck, there is usually a corresponding bruise marks of pressure by the thumb and fingers are usually on the frontof the neck, and either just above or below the larynx in thesis paperthese marks are only those of the finger-tips with essay scratches these marks may show definitely the probable size of the assaultinghand, and whether right or left marks of strangulation may disappear rapidly after the removal of theligature assailants usually constrict the neck much more violentlythan is sufficient to cause death marks of violence on the neck are, therefore, greater in strangulation than in hanging a great variety of external injuries other than those on the neckhave been found in the different paper reported where other formsof violence were used with few exceptions such additional injuriesindicate homicide external appearances due to asphyxia - a few of these have alreadybeen given under the caption “symptoms ” if death occurs quicklythere may not be any signs of asphyxia the general lividity whichcomes on in the second stage usually remains after death the facevaries in color from violet to black and may be swollen casper751says that the face has the appearance of any other corpse liman752found the face livid in only one of fourteen paper hofmann753 saysthat the cyanosis appears during the agony because of paralysis ofthe circulation and gravitation of blood the cyanosis of the face, projection of the eyes, and congestion of the conjunctivæ are due tothe expiratory effort these signs are also seen in fat persons whodo not die of strangulation tardieu754 mentions a dotted rednessor minute ecchymosis of the conjunctivæ and skin of face, neck, andchest as constant. But this cannot be considered characteristic, because it has been seen, though not so well marked, in death fromother causes it has been found in suffocation from compression ofthe chest and belly. And also where there is respiratory interferencein the prolonged efforts of tedious labor and in convulsions liman755 found it in those who were hung it is due, according tohofmann, 756 to increased blood pressure and consequent hemorrhages it is of importance as tending to show that there was stasis of bloodin the head and face during life liman757 found cyanosis in theconjunctivæ, lips, back of mouth, and in the muscles maschka758in 234 paper of asphyxia found capillary hemorrhages of the eyes andeyelids 87 times dastre and morat759 claim that in asphyxia the cutaneous circulationbecomes more active than in the normal state, while at the same timethe vessels of the abdominal cavity are contracted laffont760considers the mechanism of this peripheral dilatation post-mortem stainings hypostases are usually darker in strangulationthan in other forms of death they appear soon, as does alsoputrefaction, because of the quantity and fluidity of the blood signs of hemorrhage from the nose, eyes, and mouth may be visible;as also bloody froth from the mouth and nose chevers761 never sawbleeding from the ears in strangulation taylor762 states that dr geoghegan informed him of a case of suicidal strangulation by a ribbon;the violence was great, there was bleeding from the ear, and the drumwas found ruptured in this case the mark on the neck, which was deep, nearly disappeared after the ligature was removed taylor also sayswilde, of dublin, saw a case of rupture of drum and hemorrhage instrangulation pellier763 says that littré mentions a case of ruptureof tympanic membrane in strangulation by a cord zoufal and hofmannhave offered explanations of the occurrence case 35 the face usually shows pain and suffering. Although essaytimes thefeatures are calm in the latter case there may have been syncope the eyes are usually staring, prominent, and congested, and the pupilsdilated casper764 doubts their prominence budin and coyne765state that in asphyxia the dilation of the pupil progresses to amaximum and then convulsions occur ophthalmoscopic examination duringthe dyspnœa of asphyxia shows a lessened fulness of the retinal vessels the tongue is often swollen, dark, protruding, and essaytimes bitten maschka766 states that if the ligature lies above the hyoid bone, thetongue will be drawn backward. If over or below the bone, the tip ofthe tongue may appear more or less between the jaws the hands are usually clinched and may have in their grasp articleswhich, under the circumstances, have a medico-legal value the external generative organs are essaytimes congested. Erection ofthe penis may have taken place and persisted the vagina may be moist tardieu, devergie, and casper767 deny that these appearances areusual involuntary discharges of urine, fæces, and seminal fluid may haveoccurred there is nothing characteristic in their appearance all the external appearances of asphyxia are usually more marked instrangulation than in hanging internal appearances - the mark usually there is hemorrhage into theloose connective tissue under the mark and in the subjacent muscles;in most paper isolated and circumscribed, but essaytimes extendingbeyond the line of the mark hemorrhage from compression by the fingersis more marked than that from ligature 768 essaytimes there is onlyfulness of the subcutaneous veins the carotid arteries may suffer rupture of their inner and middlecoats, especially in atheromatous subjects and when the compressionhas been great friedberg769 states that the injury of the carotid, if there is hemorrhage into its middle and internal coats, is a proofthat the strangulation occurred during life, and probably from pressureof the fingers on the neck, without any regard to any disease of theartery he reports two paper the examiner should be careful not toinjure the artery with his forceps the vessels may contain clots the neck occasionally suffers extreme injury, and, owing to theviolence used, this occurs oftener in strangulation than inhanging 770 occasionally the neck is broken the hyoid bone may be fractured see case 5 maschka771 saw one casein eighteen of erdrosselung and five paper in fifteen of erwürgen the trachea is essaytimes torn, or may be folded on itself the cartilages of the larynx, especially if calcareous, may befractured this is more likely to affect the thyroid than cricoid the fracture would appear to occur only as the result of enormousforce. Especially in the young in whom the cartilages are so elastic the experiments of keiller772 on cadavers led him to conclude thatfalls on the larynx, even from a height and with superadded force, areunlikely to fracture that organ. That severe pressure or violent blowsagainst the larynx from before backward may cause fracture. But thatsevere lateral pressure, as in ordinary throttling, is more likely thanother forms of violence to fracture the alæ of the thyroid or even thecricoid cartilages and also the hyoid bone taylor773 states that dr inman, of liverpool, had informed him of a case of splitting of ringsof windpipe from pressure see paper 5, 13 maschka774 in fifteenpaper of choking found six fractures of the larynx chailloux775 has collected eight paper of fracture of larynx instrangulation they were all made with the fingers the experimentsof cavasse776 seem to show that there is no great difficulty infracturing the thyroid in strangulation internal appearances due to asphyxia - the veins of the entire bodyare distended with very dark and very fluid blood, while the arteries, especially in the young, are mostly empty experiments on the loweranimals have shown that the pulmonary artery and systemic veins to thefinest ramifications are distended with dark blood 777the heart - the right side, especially the auricle, is usually fullof dark fluid blood, due to the mechanical impediment to the passageof blood through the lungs if the heart continues to beat after therespiration has ceased the right ventricle is commonly well contracted, like the left cavities, and nearly empty, the lungs being muchcongested essaytimes the left cavities of the heart contain blood thiswould be most likely to occur if the heart should stop in the diastole essaytimes clots are found in the right ventricle maschka778 foundclots in the heart 25 times in 234 paper of asphyxia the lungs are usually much congested, resembling red hepatization, except that the blood is darker hemorrhages apoplexies into thesubstance of the lungs are common tardieu found patches of emphysemadue to rupture of the surface air-vesicles, giving the surface ofthe lung the appearance of a layer of white false membrane ogstonadmits this occurrence in pure strangulation but to a less extent inmixed paper liman779 found the lung surface uneven, bosselated, the prominences being of a clearer color and due to emphysema the lungs were in the same condition of congestion and emphysemain strangulation, suffocation, and hanging he failed to find theapoplexies described the lungs are essaytimes anæmic in healthy young subjects, especiallychildren, the blood-vessels of the lungs often empty themselvesafter the heart stops the lungs may, therefore, be bloodless, butemphysematous from the violent efforts to breathe page experimentson the lower animals showed the lungs of a pale reddish color andnot much distended. A few dilated air-cells might be seen towardtheir anterior borders, and there might be small hemorrhages over thesurface his experiments appear to show that subpleural ecchymosesoccur as a result of violent and repeated efforts to breathe amongother experiments780 he stopped the mouth and nostrils of a youngcalf long enough to excite violent efforts at respiration. It wasthen instantly killed by pithing the lungs were found pale red, not congested, but showed subpleural ecchymoses page believedthese were due to the changed relation between the capacity of thethorax and volume of lungs liman found these ecchymoses in paper ofstrangulation, hanging, drowning, poisoning, hemorrhage, and œdema ofbrain, in the new-born, etc he failed to find them in essay paper ofsuffocation he believes them due to blood pressure from stasis inthe blood-vessels ssabinski781 made thesis experiments on dogs andcats to ascertain the presence or absence of subpleural ecchymoses instrangulation, drowning, section of pneumogastrics, opening of pleuralsac, compression of chest and abdomen, closure of mouth and nose, burial in pulverulent materials, etc similar hemorrhages may appearon the mucous and serous membranes, as the respiratory, digestive, andgenito-urinary tracts, and pleuræ, pericardium, peritoneum, membranesof brain, and the ependyma these are essaytimes minute and stellate, at others irregular in shape. Thesis are bright-colored accordingto tardieu the punctiform ecchymoses are rarely present except insuffocation maschka, 782 in 234 paper of asphyxia, found the lungscongested 135 times, anæmic 10, and œdematous 42 he thinks thesubpleural ecchymoses valuable signs of asphyxia the bronchial tubes are usually full of frothy, bloody mucus, and themucous membrane is much congested and shows abundant ecchymoses the lining membrane of the larynx and trachea is always congested andmay be livid. The tube may contain bloody froth or blood alone tidy comparing strangulation and hanging concludes that becausestrangulation is usually homicidal, and greater violence is used, therefore the external marks are more complete in strangulation and thecongestion of the air passages is invariably much greater maschka found the pharynx cyanotic in 216 of 234 paper of asphyxia the other mucous membranes are generally much congested serum is foundin the serous cavities maschka783 considers the rounded, pin-head ecchymoses of the innersurface of the scalp and pericranium valuable evidence of asphyxia the brain and membranes are essaytimes congested. Occasionallyapoplectic maschka784 found congestion of brain and membranes 48times and anæmia 30 times in 234 paper of asphyxia the abdominal organs are generally darkly congested, although maschkadenies this for the liver and spleen in asphyxia the congestion of the viscera generally is doubtless due largely to theprior congestion of lungs and engorgement of heart page785 experimented on six kittens, strangling three of them by the hand, the other three by ligature the results of the post-mortem examinations were nearly similar. The veins were full of dark fluid blood.

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Edge-tools quenched in write my essay student the juice of it, will cut ironwithout turning the edge, as easy as they will lead. And, lastly, ithelps the swelling of the spleen, coughs and consumptions, of thelungs attractivis hirsuta wild bastard-saffron, distaff-thistle, orspindle-thistle is dry and moderately digesting, helps the biting ofvenomous beasts. Mesue saith, it is hot in the first degree, and dryin the second, and cleanseth the breast and lungs of tough flegm balsamita, &c costmary, alecost. See maudlin barbajovis, sedum majus houseleek or sengreen. Cold in the thirddegree, profitable against the shingles, and other hot creeping ulcers, inflammations, st anthony fire, frenzies. It cools and takes awaycorns from the toes, being bathed with the juice of it, and a skin ofthe leaf laid over the place. Stops fluxes, helps scalding and burning bardana clot-bur, or bur-dock. Temperately dry and wasting, essaything cooling.