History

Write My Essay Quotes


It breaks the stone viz the bark of it the root itself, according to pliny, helps thefalling-sickness write my essay quotes. According to matthiolus, helps ruptures. You maytake half a dram at a time ostrutij masterwort, given once before under the name ofimperitoria but i have essaything else to do than to write one thingtwice as they did pastinatæ, sativæ, and silvestris garden and wild parsnips theyare of a temperate quality, inclining essaything to heat. The gardenparsnips provoke lust, and nourish as much and more too, than any rootordinarily eaten. The wild are more physical, being cutting, cleansing, and opening. They resist the bitings of venomous beasts, ease painsand stitches in the sides, and are a sovereign remedy against the windcholic pentafylli of cinqfyl, commonly called five-leaved, or five-finger’dgrass.

That is, of apocynum, strophanthus and squill with elder it is difficult to know just what idea the statement that it is a“scientific combination” of these drugs is intended to convey, forit is unscientific to mix three drugs of this group for use in fixedproportion in a wide range of conditions, if indeed, there is ever anyindication for their use the great disadvantages of strophanthus and apocynum pertain to theextreme uncertainty of their absorption from the gastro-intestinaltract strophanthus is occasionally absorbed promptly, essaytimesso slowly that the therapeutic effects are not induced until anamount equal to several times that which would prove fatal if all ofit were absorbed into the circulation has been administered, and, unfortunately, one cannot control the absorption which may continueuntil a fatal effect is induced this is true to an even greater degreeof apocynum, and it was due to the recognition of this fact thatapocynum was not admitted to the u s pharmacopeia ix, the committeeon dosage having agreed that no safe and effective dose could be given the council previous findingsin 1907 the council on pharmacy and chemistry examined the literatureused in the exploitation of anasarcin and anedemin and published itsreport anasarcin tablets, it was pointed out, were said to containthe active principles of oxydendron arboreum sour wood, sambucuscanadensis elder and urginea scilla squill, and the followingclaims were made for the nostrum. “does what dropsy medicaments have hitherto failed to accomplish ” “superior to digitalis, strophanthus, scoparius, squills, acetate of potash and the hydragogue cathartics all put together ” “the only known relief and permanent cure of dropsies ” “unrivaled heart tonic ” “the most powerful agent known ” “safe in administration ” “non-toxic as ordinarily administered ” “will nauseate essay persons, ” but “the reaction from the temporary depression is prompt ” “in bright disease, both the interstitial and parenchymatous forms of nephritis, acute or chronic, no remedy to equal it in efficacy ” “without increasing the debility of the patient or interfering with nutrition by producing loss of appetite ” “this treatment is to be continued without cessation until all symptoms of dropsy have disappeared ”a comparison of the earlier claims with those now being made seeadvertisement reproduced from the new york medical journalillustrates one of the results of the work of the council today thenostrum exploiter avoids the cruder forms of obvious misstatement, butcontinues to make, by inference, claims that are equally misleading it will be observed in this case that a more cautious pen worded thelater advertisement, but there is still evident the intent to convincethe reader that anasarcin is superior to the official drugs in thetreatment of cardiovascular diseases the facts are that anasarcin isat best a dangerous remedy in the hands of the average clinician inthe treatment of such conditions, and its use is at all times to becondemned no competent investigator has ever investigated the pharmacologyof sour wood oxydendron arboreum, and it appears to have notherapeutic value other than that due to a slight acidulousness elder sambucus canadensis contains a trace of a volatile oil as its mostimportant constituent, according to the british pharmaceutical codex of1911 p 908, but it is difficult to explain why a trace of volatileoil should be considered important elder may be dismissed withoutfurther consideration in connection with anasarcin tablets the pharmacology of squillthis leaves only squill among the constituents of anasarcin forconsideration sollmann manual of pharmacology, 1917, p 409 indiscussing the advantages claimed for squill over other drugs of thedigitalis group, says. “dixon, 1906, points out that any superiorityis outweighed by its disadvantages. Uncertain absorption. Stronggastro-intestinal irritation ” squill was formerly used as anexpectorant and diuretic, the activity having been attributed to twoamorphous glucosids, scillipicrin and scillitoxin, but ewins, 1911, found these to be impure mixtures a later investigator claimed tohave isolated two glucosidal agents from squill, but similar claimshave often been made only to be disproved later, and we know ofno confirmation of the claims regarding the isolation of any pureprinciples from squill having any true typical digitalis action the statement quoted from sollmann is accepted by practically allpharmacologists, and we may say with certainty that squill is decidedlyinferior to digitalis in the treatment of cardiovascular, andcardiorenal diseases, and certainly no active principles of squill wereknown to the scientific world at a time that the remarkable claims werefirst made for anasarcin by an obscure pharmacist of winchester, tenn indeed, if anasarcin were all that it was claimed to be, its discoverywould have made winchester as famous as a certain wisconsin city wassaid to have been made by a popular beverage it has been abundantly demonstrated, and it is now almost universallyaccepted among well informed pharmacologists and clinicians, that alldigitalis principles exert the same kind of action on the heart afterthey enter the circulation in effective doses, though they differto an extraordinary degree in the intensity of their action and intheir undesired sideactions, such as nausea and vomiting when theuse of anasarcin squill is followed by immediate improvement afterdigitalis has failed, it merely shows that the dosage of digitaliswas insufficient or that it was discontinued and the squill mixturewas substituted before the full therapeutic effects of the digitalisdeveloped when the digitalis group is contraindicatedif the administration of a sufficient dose of digitalis is not followedby improvement in the circulation, it shows that the heart is incapableof responding to such treatment and the further use of any of the drugsof this group is distinctly contraindicated this is confirmed by theexperience of nearly every competent observer of digitalis therapy, andnumerous fatalities have resulted from the failure to appreciate thisfact and further administer essay other member of the group, such asstrophanthus or squill it is now well known that the cardiac effects of toxic doses of squill, and other members of the group, resemble closely those of cardiacdisease, and it is often impossible to determine whether the behaviorof the heart in a given case is attributable to insufficient dosage, toexcessive dosage, or to the progress of the cardiac disease itself ifthis occurs when one uses the best known members of the group, it iscertain that it occurs even more frequently when others that are lessunderstood are employed in the light of this knowledge of the dangersattending the incautious use of any member of the digitalis group, and more especially the use of impure principles, such as are commonlyobtained from squill, it is impossible to condemn sufficiently therecommendation that the use of anasarcin should be continued withoutcessation until all symptoms of dropsy have disappeared digitalis bodies are not suited for the treatment of all cardiacdisturbances, and it is, of course, self-evident that a time mustcome in the treatment of chronic cardiac disease when the heart isincapable of responding to any form of treatment with improvement but, unfortunately, it never loses its response to toxic doses, and to pushthe administration of any drug or mixture containing any drug of theentire digitalis group-- and especially those, like squill, in which theside actions are most prominent-- beyond the point of tolerance is tocourt certain disaster the treatment of cardiac dropsywhile it is quite certain that thesis lives have been sacrificed to thefailure to understand this phase of cardiac therapy, it is equallycertain that thesis lives have been sacrificed because of insufficientdosage, and one can steer a safe course between these dangers only byusing the best known preparation available. And in the present stateof our knowledge it is indisputable that digitalis and the tincture ofdigitalis are best suited for the treatment of cardiac disease exceptin those few paper in which intramuscular or intravenous administrationmust be employed temporarily for immediate effect illustrationthe secret of prescribing successfully for the relief of dropsy incardiac disease consists in understanding the effects of digitalison the heart, in administering it until these effects indicate thatthe desired object has been obtained, and stopping, or interrupting, the administration at that point until the effects begin to wear off cumulation, so called, is a positive advantage in such paper itmerely means that the desired therapeutic effects once induced persistfor a time, and that further medication is unnecessary during suchpersistence of action eggleston has recently shown arch int med 16:1 july 1915. Abstr , j a m a 44:459 july 31 1915 thatthe full therapeutic effects of digitalis can be induced in suitablepaper within a few hours even with oral administration we are not aware of a single publication in which a careful, detailedclinical study of anasarcin has been reported the claims made foranasarcin, past and present, indicate either a deliberate purposeto mislead or crass ignorance of the rudiments of pharmacology andtherapeutics the exploiters of the nostrum claim that thousandsof physicians have found anasarcin tablets of unsurpassed remedialvalue in the treatment of disorders of the circulatory system and ofascitic conditions 244 it must be admitted that too thesis physicianshave prescribed anasarcin, otherwise the manufacturers would not havecontinued to spend thousands of dollars in advertising it in medicaljournals during a period of more than ten years 244 former estimates of the number of physicians who prescribedanasarcin appear to have been too high, possibly based on the ratioobtaining in winchester, tenn inquiry at five fairly busy drug storesin a large eastern city showed that in no instance was the pharmacisteven acquainted with the name one pretended to be, and manifested pityfor the inquirer ignorance in supposing that it could be importedduring the war!. he was obviously merely less honest than the others, who frankly admitted they had never heard of it doctor, this article is meant to be a candid discussion with you, whether you use anasarcin or not, because every clinician is vitallyinterested in the customs that obtain in the practice of medicine, andwe wish to put a hypothetic question to you answer it, at least toyourself, in exactly the spirit in which it is put suppose that youprescribe anasarcin for a patient who is critically ill with cardiacdisease he dies are you willing to tell the relatives frankly justwhat you used and the nature of the evidence on which you based yourchoice of this nostrum?. let the supposition be carried further and saythat the case was hopeless, and agree that digitalis and all otherdrugs would have been equally ineffective granting all this, wouldyour explanation satisfy?. would you in all candor dare to offer such anexplanation?. try it as a hypothetic case before you are forced to applyit -- from the journal a m a , dec 8, 1917 article iii pepto-manganit would be interesting, and even instructive, to know how thesiseducated physicians, if any, are now prescribing pepto-mangan gude:interesting as indicating the number who have neglected to availthemselves of the work of the council on pharmacy and chemistry, especially the earlier work. Instructive in that it would show how thesisare still prescribing by the rule of thumb, and who are taking theirtherapeutic instructions from purely commercial sources instead ofstriving to learn how to choose those drugs that are most effective inthe treatment of disease it has been pointed out thesis times in the pages of the journal thatthesis nostrums are advertised first to physicians, and that afterphysicians have served as the unpaid agents of the manufacturers inintroducing the preparations, their exploitation is then commonlycontinued by means of advertisements in the public press this plan hasbeen followed successfully in so thesis paper that we have now come tolook on it as the regular course it is in keeping with this rule thatwe find pepto-mangan now advertised in the public press, the physicianshaving served the manufacturer purpose discarded theories of iron medicationit will be recalled that thesis years ago the theory was held thathydrogen sulphid sulphureted hydrogen interfered with the absorptionof the iron of the food, and that the administration of medicinaliron prevented this interference by neutralizing the hydrogen sulphid sulphureted hydrogen it was only a short step to argue thatmanganese might replace the medicinal iron in combining with thehydrogen sulphid, permitting the food iron to be absorbed, and itwas held that only food iron could be utilized in the formation ofhemoglobin it is hardly necessary to remind the reader that this theory restson numerous fallacies there is no hydrogen sulphid worth mentioningin the small intestine where iron is absorbed. Food iron cannot beutilized directly in the formation of hemoglobin but must be brokeninto simple forms for absorption. And, further, inorganic iron, such asferrous carbonate, serves the purpose admirably when iron is indicated with the acceptance of these well established facts, all possibleexcuse for the therapeutic employment of pepto-mangan in place of ironvanished. But as plain and simple as this fact is, the unnecessary andexpensive pepto-mangan continues to be prescribed by physicians whowill not take the slight trouble to investigate the claims for thisnostrum false and misleading claimsthere is not merely a difference of opinion between the exploiters andthe council, but there has been also actual misrepresentation in theexploitation of this nostrum to physicians this has been shown onmore than one occasion about twelve years ago, the m j breitenbachcompany, the proprietors of pepto-mangan, claimed that the report ofthe commission that had been appointed for the investigation of anemiain porto rico “would alone suffice to establish pepto-mangan at once asthe foremost hematinic known ” examination of the report showed thatthe commission made no such claims.

Hassecretin a write my essay quotes therapeutic value?. j a m a 66:178 jan 15 1916 lest the appearance of this detailed study of secretin, after therejection of so-called secretin preparations, should be interpreted as manufacturers whose products have been rejected have endeavored tointerpret such action as a case of first condemning a preparation andthen getting the facts, the council methods, and their applicationin this case, may be briefly stated the council maintains that, when a manufacturer places a product on the market, the burden ofproof is on that manufacturer to show that the properties of hisproduct are in accordance with his claims for it as stated in theintroduction to n n r , “it is manifestly impossible for thecouncil to investigate the composition of every complex pharmaceuticalmixture, or to check thoroughly every therapeutic claim. It can giveonly an unbiased judgment on the available evidence ” acting on thisprinciple, the council examined the claims made for secretogen, analleged secretin product manufactured by the g w carnrick company the conclusion was that these claims were in absolute conflict with theavailable evidence as to the action of secretin it is not necessary to review this subject again it will suffice tostate that the claims made for secretogen rest on two fundamentalpropositions. 1 that deficiency of secretin or, rather, ofprosecretin in the intestinal mucosa is a factor in gastro-intestinaldiseases. 2 that secretin given by the mouth is absorbed and producesincreased secretion of the pancreatic and intestinal juices and of thebile from an examination of the evidence available, including thatsubmitted by the manufacturers, the council concluded. “1 no evidencehas been presented that the absence of secretin is a cause ofgastro-intestinal disease 2 there is no evidence that secretin inany form is physiologically active when administered by mouth ” thatthese conclusions were justified is shown again by the review givenby carlson of the literature, much of which was also reviewed in thecouncil previous report since the claims of the carnrick company were not supported by anysatisfactory evidence, no further investigation on the council writingwas necessary to warrant rejection of the product the council didnot undertake to determine, for instance, whether or not secretogenand similar products actually contain secretin. The determination ofthis point was immaterial here, in view of the conclusiveness of theevidence that secretin given by mouth has no physiologic action since firms other than the g w carnrick company are manufacturingalleged secretin preparations, and since recommendations for the useof secretin preparations in gastro-intestinal diseases have even creptinto textbooks, it seemed desirable to obtain further information oncertain points the council therefore requested prof a j carlsonof the university of chicago to check the results of previousinvestigators with regard to the action of secretin administered bymouth or directly into the intestine, and, in addition, to investigatethe secretin content of certain alleged secretin preparations carlson and his co-workers, like all previous investigators, found thatsecretin given by mouth, or introduced even in enormous doses directlyinto the intestine, is entirely inactive they also found that markeddestruction of secretin followed contact for one minute with humangastric juice and that secretin is rapidly oxidized and rendered inertin contact with the air further, they were unable to demonstrate the presence of secretinin samples of secretogen and another supposed secretin preparation duodenin bought on the open market in the case of secretogen therewas one exception.

Therefore i rather think it is done byantipathy. Saturn being exalted in libra, in the house of venus burnet it is called sanguisorbia, pimpinella, bipulo, solbegrella, &c the common garden burnet is so well known, that it needs nodescription - there is another sort which is wild, the descriptionwhereof take as follows. Descript the great wild burnet has winged leaves arising fromthe roots like the garden burnet, but not so thesis. Yet each of theseleaves are at the least twice as large as the other, and nicked in thesame manner about the edges, of a greyish colour on the under side;the stalks are greater, and rise higher, with thesis such leaves setthereon, and greater heads at the top, of a brownish colour, and out ofthem come small dark purple flowers, like the former, but greater theroot is black and long like the other, but greater also. It has almostneither scent nor taste therein, like the garden kind place it first grows frequently in gardens the wild kind growsin divers counties of this land, especially in huntingdon, innorthamptonshire, in the meadows there. As also near london, by pancraschurch, and by a causeway-side in the middle of a field by paddington time they flower about the end of june and beginning of july, andtheir seed is ripe in august government and virtues this is an herb the sun challenges dominionover, and is a most precious herb, little inferior to betony. Thecontinual use of it preserves the body in health, and the spirits invigour. For if the sun be the preserver of life under god, his herbsare the best in the world to do it by they are accounted to be both ofone property, but the lesser is more effectual because quicker and morearomatic. It is a friend to the heart, liver, and other principal writingsof a man body two or three of the stalks, with leaves put into a cupof wine, especially claret, are known to quicken the spirits, refreshand cheer the heart, and drive away melancholy. It is a special helpto defend the heart from noiessay vapours, and from infection of thepestilence, the juice thereof being taken in essay drink, and the writingylaid to sweat thereupon they have also a drying and an astringentquality, whereby they are available in all manner of fluxes of bloodor humours, to staunch bleedings inward or outward, lasks, scourings, the bloody-flux, women too abundant flux of courses, the whites, andthe choleric belchings and castings of the stomach, and is a singularwound-herb for all sorts of wounds, both of the head and body, eitherinward or outward, for all old ulcers, running cankers, and most sores, to be used either by the juice or decoction of the herb, or by thepowder of the herb or root, or the water of the distilled herb, orointment by itself, or with other things to be kept the seed is alsono less effectual both to stop fluxes, and dry up moist sores, beingtaken in powder inwardly in wine, or steeled water, that is, whereinhot rods of steel have been quenched. Or the powder, or the seed mixedwith the ointments the butter-bur, or petasitis descript this rises up in february, with a thick stalk about afoot high, whereon are set a few small leaves, or rather pieces, andat the top a long spiked head. Flowers of a blue or deep red colour, according to the soil where it grows, and before the stalk with theflowers have abiden a month above ground, it will be withered and gone, and blow away with the wind, and the leaves will begin to spring, which being full grown, are very large and broad, being essaywhat thinand almost round, whose thick red foot stalks above a foot long, stand towards the middle of the leaves the lower writing being dividedinto two round writings, close almost one to another, and are of a palegreen colour.

  • business school essay service
  • mba essay examples
  • where to find and buycollege homework
  • business plan writing services
  • dance essay
  • coherent essay
  • the fault in our stars essay
  • my childhood essay
  • essay helper words
  • expository essay help
  • way to write my essay
  • dissertation to buy
  • adversity essay
  • common app essay format
  • cheapest essays for sale
  • finance assignment helper
  • custom writing prompts
  • i need to buy a research paper
  • help me write a paper
  • satirical essay
  • how to write time in an essay

If an infant, a woman, the mother, isalmost always the guilty one the london lancet may 30th, 1863, p 617 reports a case in which the body of a child, of apparently four tosix months, was found in the sewage of a water-closet, minus an arm cutoff below the shoulder, presumably that a vaccination-mark might not beadduced as evidence a young woman was suspected several women deposedhaving seen a dusky-brown mother mark near the child navel aftersteeping in pure water a portion of the skin said to include the mark, and after washing, the mark gradually reappeared at the end of threedays, perfectly distinct it was recognized by witnesses and producedat the trial as corroborative evidence the accused was found guilty in a case of infanticide at tarare, in 1884, the upper extremity of afœtus was found to have been disarticulated after the manner of carvingthe wing of a fowl this having suggested to dr lacassagne a cook asthe author of the crime, she was speedily discovered and convicted afew years later an analogous case occurred in florence and was reportedby dr a montalti the instrument used for mutilating the body may furnish a suggestionof identity, to be dispelled or affirmed upon further investigation the mode of section observed in various instances has led to therecognition of a butcher as the culprit an expert would have butlittle trouble in distinguishing the hacking and mangling of a bodyfrom the careful cutting and preservation of muscles and blood-vesselsin dissections made by medical students, whom the public, by the way, invariably suspect in paper of mutilation if it can be ascertainedthat the instrument used was operated either by a left-handed person orby an ambidexter, such a fact may prove of importance essaytimes thefragments are tied or sewn up in a package the manner in which theknot is tied may indicate the occupation of the culprit in one casethe regularity of the sewing revealed that it was the work of a woman examination of the remains of clothing and of neighboring objects wherethe crime was committed may result in the identification of the victimor of the murderer indeed, it is the careful noting of trivial factsand their combination that is so valuable in all investigations ofthis class a compound fact made up of minor facts, which consideredseverally would possess but little value, may essaytimes solve thepuzzle in a case where no single fact of conclusive value is obtainable having collected as much of the mutilated remains as possible, thefirst step toward identification is to replace the pieces in anatomicalorder, to note carefully their correspondence or otherwise, and toascertain whether the fragments belong to the same body or to two orseveral individuals this is often a delicate and difficult matter, especially where decomposition is advanced or where the horror has beenpushed to its utmost limits, as in the case of a fratricide committedin france by several persons, who fragmented the cadaver with a saw andhatchet. Boiled the remains and fed them to hogs. And, after crushingthe bones with a hammer, threw the fragments into a deep gorge again, the body may be divided into numerous pieces, a hundred ormore, and disposed of in widely different localities, as in a pond, amanure-heap, a river, or a cesspool the chopped-up remains of infantshave been boiled in lye and afterward thrown into a privy or put in abarrel of vinegar a mother has also been known to cook with cabbagethe dismembered remains of her six-months’ child and serve it at a mealof which both she and her husband writingook numerous counterwritings of such paper happening in late years couldbe cited where the object was to favor the disappearance of thecadaver, and in which the establishment of the identity turned onthe examination of essay small writing of the organism.