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Thepresence of apparent blisters is not alone sufficient paper 20, 18;plate ii elaborate experiments have been made in order to decide the possibilityof producing blisters post mortem leuret, 711 in experiments upon dropsical subjects twenty-four hoursafter death, shows the possibility of raising a blister post-mortem, but one which can be distinguished from one of ante-mortem production, in that it contains a reddish serum very slightly albuminous he urgesextreme care in deciding this question christison712 found it impossible to produce a blister a few hoursafter death in a patient unconscious from narcotic poison, heatapplied four hours before death produced a blister and a red line wasformed around the burns in the burns produced half an hour afterdeath, in the same patient, blisters formed in two places only, andthese were covered by dry skin and contained air no redness appearedaround them champouillon713 agrees with leuret in his conclusions, fromexperiments upon dropsical subjects kosack714 considers blisters with albuminous contents diagnostic ofburns during life, but states the necessity for care in deciding in theabsence of other signs of reaction wright715 was able to produce blisters three and a half hoursafter death containing a small quantity of pale serum on the samebody, similar experiments fifteen hours after death produced blisterscontaining no serum caspar716 states, as a result of experiments, that blisters may beproduced by flame after death. That they result from vaporization ofthe fluid beneath the cuticle by the heat employed. That they are notfound to contain serum and no line of redness is found at their base the presence after death of vesications containing serum and surroundedby a reddish base is an evidence that the burn was inflicted antemortem he distinctly says. “it is quite impossible to confound a burninflicted during life with one inflicted after death ”woodman and tidy, 717 in an extended series of experiments, concludethat while blisters can be produced post mortem, they are readilydistinguished from those formed ante mortem in containing no serum.

“the theories for the favorable action of fellows syrup of hypophosphites have undergone several changes ”the same circular further maintains, however, that. “ the fact has never been challenged that in fellows syrup of hypophosphites we have one of the most efficient, most complete, most all-around tonics and roborants in the materia medica ”no attempt is made to base this assertion on the therapeutic actionof the constituents in other words, the old theory, which formed thebasis for the popularity of fellows’ syrup, has been thrown overboard, but no substitute is deemed necessary. The momentum already acquired isapparently regarded as sufficient to insure its continued sale fellows’ syrup of hypophosphites is a semisecret, unscientificpreparation-- an affront to sound therapy-- exploited by means ofextravagant and misleading statements syrupus roborans syrup hypophosphites comp with quinin, strychnin and manganeselittle information concerning this preparation seems to be furnishedat present by the manufacturers, arthur peter & co , louisville, ky according to an old circular, it contains, in each fluidounce, grains “hypophos potass 1-1/2 hypophos manganese 1 hypophos lime 1 hypophos iron 1-1/2 hypophos quinin 6/16 hypophos strichnin 1/16 “1/128 grain strychnia to teaspoonful ”further, according to the same circular. “the hypophosphites are especially useful in all diseases where there is a lack of nutrition they are the best of all remedies in rachitis, non-union of fractures, osteomalacia and syphilitic periostitis ”as for syrupus roborans itself. “this elegant preparation is the best general tonic and reconstructive known ”the unwarranted therapeutic claims formerly made for it seem to be nolonger circulated syrupus roborans is an unscientific, shotgun mixture schlotterbeck solution hypophosphites of lime and soda liq hypophosphitum, schlotterbeckthe schlotterbeck & foss co , portland, maine, the manufacturers, sayof their preparation. “this solution contains 30 grains of the combined hypophosphites of lime and soda to the ounce it contains no sugar, no acid and it is perfectly neutral ” “indications for use -- galactostasis, imperfect metabolism, neurasthenia, nervous dyspepsia, insomnia, convalescence, acetonuria, cyclic vomiting in infants, diabetes, starvation, deficiency of lime, mother teeth during pregnancy, dentition of infants, rachitis, furunculosis, vomiting of pregnancy, obesity ” “migraine is often caused by conditions for which this solution is one of the most satisfactory remedies:” “in insomnia due to advancing age, it will often act as a hypnotic ”of the hypophosphites the schlotterbeck & foss company say. “if ‘damning it with faint praise’ on the writing of essay of the leading medical authorities, or utterly condemning it as useless, on the writing of others, would kill a medicine, the hypophosphites would long since have disappeared as medicinal agents negative testimony in regard to the value of a drug does not settle anything ”of their own preparation they say. “when we get the results that ought to follow the administration of hypophosphites, we have proved that schlotterbeck solution enters the system unchanged ” “this solution is primarily a blood and nerve tonic and chemical food ”schlotterbeck solution of hypophosphites of lime and soda is asemisecret preparation marketed under claims that are both unwarrantedand misleading robinson hypophosphitesaccording to the manufacturers, the robinson-pettet company, louisville, ky , each fluidounce of this preparation contains. “hypophosphites soda 2 gr hypophosphites lime 1-1/2 gr hypophosphites iron 1-1/2 gr hypophosphites quinin 3/4 gr hypophosphites strychnine 1/16 gr ”it is claimed to be “nutritive, tonic alterative a standard remedy in the treatment of pulmonary phthisis, bronchitis, scrofulous taint, general debility, etc stimulates digestion, promotes assimilation ”the declared composition of the preparation is unscientific, and thetherapeutic claims are unwarranted eupeptic hypophosphitesnelson, baker & co , detroit, mich , who market eupeptichypophosphites, call this preparation. “a superior combination containing the hypophosphites of potassium, calcium, iron and manganese, and the bitter tonics, quinin and strychnin, agreeably associated with natural digestive ferments of the pancreatic secretion it is thus a general reconstructive tonic the remedy is of especial value in the treatment of mental and nervous affections it is indicated in pulmonary tuberculosis, in all wasting diseases, in debilitated conditions generally and in all exhaustion from over work ”on the basis of the manufacturer statement, eupeptic hypophosphitesmust be regarded as a semisecret, unscientific, shotgun preparation, exploited through unwarranted therapeutic claims mcarthur syrup of the hypophosphites comp lime and sodaso far as the recent literature and trade package are concerned, noinformation as to the composition of this product is furnished beyondwhat is conveyed in the name the advertising for mcarthur syrup, like that for fellows’ syrup and peters’ syrupus roborans, has beenmodified as time has passed a few years ago it was advertised undersuch claims as the following. “ has stood the test during thesis years for unequaled efficacy in the treatment of tuberculosis indicated also as a tonic and tissue builder in convalescence from fevers, in nervous diseases, rickets, senile debility and bronchitis ” “its use is indicated in diseases of the chest, chronic cough, throat affections, general debility, brain exhaustion, cholera infantum and wasting diseases of children ”at present no definite claims seem to be made for it. The manufacturersevidently find the magic name of hypophosphites sufficient to evokethe spell for which the advertisement writer aid was once sought a testimonial contained in a circular which seems to be still usedillustrates both the kind of aura which surrounds hypophosphites inthe minds of physicians who are still living in the past, and the kindof logic which has made the reputation of this and thesis other equallyworthless preparations “just about six years ago i had a severe attack of la grippe which almost killed me left me with asthma catarrh and a severe cough did not get out of the house for three months took over a dozen bottles mcarthur hypophos -- came out all right and since then worked hard, but last fall took another cold, but worked on, used mcarthur hypophos , am using it now, am on my 12th bottle “i have five or six patients whom i have put on mcarthur hypophos , but i do not prescribe the single bottle, but wholesale no less than half dozen bottles one patient is on his 24th bottle with orders to get another half dozen and keep it up all winter i have given the same order to all keep it up all winter and i myself intend to do the same, for with its use i have lost no time-- rain or shine i am doing my work i know what it has done for me and what it is doing for my patients ”it would be hard to find a more characteristic example of the naïvemental processes of the simple folk who in all good faith writetestimonials for worthless medicines this well-meaning practitioner a homeopath, by the way, because he “came out all right” after anattack of grip, returns all praise to mcarthur hypophosphites, whichhe has taken “wholesale ” not the faintest doubt of the validity ofhis post hoc ergo propter hoc argument seems to glimmer across hisconsciousness mcarthur syrup of the hypophosphites is an irrational preparation while its faults are fewer and less glaring than those of essay otherproprietaries, the circulation of such a testimonial as the one justquoted is sufficient of itself to cast suspicion on the product borcherdt malt olive with hypophosphites, maltzyme with hypophosphites and maltine with olive oil and hypophosphitesthese preparations are now described in the appendix to new andnonofficial remedies borcherdt malt olive with hypophosphites borcherdt malt extract company, chicago is said to contain in each100 c c , 0 64 gm each of calcium and sodium hypophosphites, withmalt extract, olive oil and glycerine maltzyme with hypophosphites malt-diastase company, new york is said to contain, in each100 c c , 0 4 gm each of calcium, sodium and potassium hypophosphitesand 0 005 gm each of iron and manganese hypophosphites, withmaltzyme maltine with hypophosphites maltine company, brooklyn, n y is said to contain in each 100 c c , 0 64 gm each of calciumand sodium hypophosphites and 0 42 gm of iron hypophosphite, withmaltine maltine with olive oil and hypophosphites maltine company, brooklyn, n y is said to contain, in each 100 c c , 0 6 gm eachof calcium and sodium hypophosphites, with maltine and olive oil ingeneral, no therapeutic claims are made for these mixtures so far asthe hypophosphites are concerned the addition of hypophosphites tosuch mixtures is irrational and, since it tends to perpetuate thehypophosphite fallacy, detrimental to sound therapeutics the council actionthe council endorsed the conclusions of the work of dr marriottreferred to above, and noted. 1 that the therapeutic use ofhypophosphites except possibly in essay paper as a convenient means ofadministering the positive element in the salt, as ammonium in ammoniumhypophosphite or calcium in calcium hypophosphite is irrational.

it was a wonderful thing in fact, the sight was so great that i did not realise for essay minutes that it was my own little home that was going up in flames my wife could not, of course, stand this sight, and had remained in her room on account of there being no place ready for us to sleep, we were given temporary quarters in the forward end of the deckhouse, immediately over the pump room on the main deck there was only one very narrow bunk here, possibly eighteen inches wide, which my wife and nita occupied for myself i picked out a nice soft iron plate on the floor and slept on that the only means of ventilation here was a square hole in the roof or ceiling, probably eight inches square there was, i believe, essay kind of ventilator attached to this opening outside there was an iron-bound rule enforced at all times on the wolf, that no light from any source should be visible on the deck all doors were fitted with a patent mechanism so that when the door was opened the electric light current was broken and consequently the light went out immediately on closing the door the light would come on again this made it necessary to sit in the dark if we wanted to have either the port hole or door open for fresh air, and if the door was closed, in a very short time the air became actually suffocating on several occasions the temperature, with the door and port hole open, was 104° f at night, so it can be imagined just how hot it was when the door had been closed for ten or twenty minutes the first night none of us slept a wink, owing to the excitement of the day and the incessant hammering and knocking of the air pumps and ice-making machines immediately under our feet this made the fourth night since we had been captured that my wife did not get a wink of sleep fearing complications from this loss of sleep, i called on the german doctor and finally made him understand the situation he gave me a powder for her and asked if he should visit her thinking possibly that under the circumstances the near approach of a german, even a doctor, would do more harm than good, i told him i did not think it necessary doctor hausfelt, the senior surgeon of the wolf, prior to the outbreak of the war, was a specialist in women's nervous diseases and was the head of a clinic at the hanover university the doctor spoke french and italian fluently but could not speak the english language, although he read it very well he insisted that we be moved the following morning further down the deck, to a room similar to the one we were in, but much quieter in reality, although quieter, this room was hotter than the one forward the bunks, of which there were two, one for the wife and one for nita, were fastened to the iron engine room bulkhead, and the mattresses that lay up against this wall absorbed a great deal of this heat, making them very uncomfortable i slept on the floor, which was concrete laid over the iron deck, and although very hard was really cooler, by a good deal, than the bunks early in the morning after making this change i had to go down to the antiseptic dewritingment and have my trunks very minutely searched and my clothes disinfected in fact, i had to appeal to the second doctor to escape being run through the dis-lousing plant here anything that proved of interest to the prisoner officer was taken away from me, with the promise that it would be returned later my books, letters and paper clippings were religiously read and returned i had a 3a eastman kodak which they seized, and imagine my surprise essay days later when a roll of films half of which had been exposed by me was handed to me by the officer in charge of the photographic dewritingment they had taken this roll of films out of my camera and developed them, just for curiosity, i suppose from here i was taken to the recording lieutenant's office and put through a rigid examination, being asked innumerable questions regarding my movements in the past five years, also questions regarding my parents' origin, occupation and present standing all this fuss because one of the prize crew had found in my quarters a pamphlet giving information regarding the united states naval reserve requirements i thought i had got rid of all this junk, but evidently i must have overlooked essaything my officers and sailors were taken to the regular prisoners' quarters aft, and i was not allowed to see or speak to them now comes what i consider the most awful period of my experience my wife, who is naturally of a highly strung and courageous disposition, broke down under the preceding five days' strain and loss of sleep luckily doctor hausfelt, the wolf's senior surgeon, had been in private life a woman's specialist, and owing to his skill and untiring services my wife pulled through she lay in her berth, packed in ice, for three weeks, absolutely delirious owing to the experience i had undergone during the past few days my own nerves were all ragged and upset. And the continual raving and shrieking of my wife, who imagined herself undergoing the most awful torture, drove me nearly crazy essay days and nights seemed never to come to an end during this time, on july 17th, to be exact, wolf captured and set on fire the american schooner encore, captain oleson, bound from columbia river to australia with a cargo of lumber, but owing to my state of mind i remember it only as an incident. It seemed trivial to me at the time during all this time my wife had been gradually sinking until she had come to the place where she either had to make a turn for the better or pass into the great beyond commander nerger, at the doctor's request, during this crisis, gave orders that all traffic on our side of the berth deck should stop, and guards were placed at each end to see that his orders were carried out on the night of august 2nd doctor hausfelt told me that, barring accident, my wife would recover i have often wondered whether a physician realises just what it means to an anxious husband when he tells him, "the crisis is past and your wife will recover " i know they were the most welcome words i had ever heard!. during all this time i never gave a thought as to where we were going or how we were going to get there i didn't give a damn what happened, only that my wife pulled through however, after my wife had passed the critical point and commenced to get better, a load seemed to be lifted off my shoulders, and the mere fact of being a prisoner on board a german raider seemed of no consequence i then commenced to take an interest in things around me my continual silence, with nobody to talk to, and the long periods of darkness, from 7:10 p m to 6:30 a m , it being winter in the south pacific, grew very irkessay on account of the extreme heat in the cabin when the door was closed and the light on, i was unable to sit inside and read, so the only thing left was to sit outside my door on the deck and think, and god knows i didn't have thesis very agreeable things to think about at this time my wife was still too weak to talk, and anyway i didn't want to get her asking questions, thinking it would only make her worry, which i knew was not good for her my days were usually taken up in washing clothes and nursing the wife i never knew there were so thesis clothes in the world, and to think that they came from one sick wife and a perfectly healthy six-year old kiddie!. i, like a darn fool, kept putting on clean white frocks and all the other white fixings that go with it when the missis got on the job again, miss juanita got a pair of overalls on week days and a dress on sundays, all this going to prove that as a nurse maid i was a fizzle i came a steve brodie on the wife's hair also, letting it get into such a mess that i couldn't comb the rats' nests out of it and had to cut the whole business off short however, this didn't make much difference, as it all came out itself anyway at all times on the wolf the fresh water situation was of great importance, as we were on a strict allowance of drinking water, which they condensed and purified themselves we were also allowed a minute quantity of semi-condensed water for washing purposes i used to save up for several days and get enough for a bath, all of us using the same water after bathing, this water was used to wash clothes in on other mornings we had to be content with a salt water bath, which is very refreshing but has little cleansing quality every effort was made to catch all the rain water possible, and then everybody had the big wash during a heavy rain it was customary for all hands to strip and stand out in the rain and have a good rain water bath it was quite odd to see from one hundred and fifty to three hundred men taking their bath in this manner it makes one think of the garden of eden before eve showed on the job i used to look forward to the evening when the prize officer, lieutenant zelasko, used to come to my quarters and talk for half an hour his talk usually was of the war, and it was interesting to get the german view of it of course, from their viewpoint "poor gerthesis" was the defendant, and they figure they are fighting to protect their homes and not in a war of conquest thesis of the crew of the wolf had seen service on the various fronts and in belgium and had essay very interesting experiences to tell these stories were always from the german viewpoint one chap in writingicular had a unique and unenviable experience, having been wounded in six places at six different times he was shot once through the shoulder on the russian front on two occasions, while on service in france, he was shot, once through the arm and on another occasion through the leg at the storming of antwerp he was wounded on the head by a flying piece of shell, and later on, while trying to storm a bridge, he was bayoneted while serving as a member of the prize crew on the s s melunga, after her capture by the wolf, he lost an eye, while knocking off the head of a beer bottle, a piece of the glass striking him in the eye the bottle of beer was "gambe carlsburger, " a danish beer, and as this accident happened on an australian steamer in the indian ocean, i don't know just exactly who should get the credit for this, although i think that denmark should be credited with an asset one of the officers, a lieutenant, was in the sailors' foot regiment the first time the germans entered antwerp, and told of the civil populace throwing large rocks, flat irons and cooking utensils down on the soldiers' heads while they were marching into the town, and spoke as if this was a grave breach of the marquis of queensbury's rules as to how to conduct a war after thesis of the brave teuton soldiers had been wounded in this undignified and unwarlike manner, they withdrew and the artillery bombardment followed from other sources i have heard that this regiment marched up the street taking pot shots at anybody, male or female, who happened to look out of a window or door i judged from this man's conversation that this sailor regiment shipped to stop bullets and not flat irons and other nameless weapons one afternoon i asked commander nerger for permission to talk to essay of the men, saying it was not healthy for a man to sit around all day and not say a word to anybody this he granted, so after that i could hold short conversations with a good thesis members of the crew, and in a short time had practically the run of the ship it was absolutely forbidden, however, for me to talk to any of the other prisoners who had been on board the wolf for a long time and knew of its various mine-laying activities our meals were served in our cabin, on dishes taken from the beluga. In fact, for the first month a good deal of our food was beluga's food little delicacies that i had bought for our own use, such as potted meats, jellies, crackers and a case of wine, were reserved for our own use by the purser of the wolf at commander nerger's suggestion one of the most valuable foods to us, taken from the beluga and reserved for our use, was four paper of canned milk of the liquid variety, which proved very beneficial to the wife during her sickness, and also was greatly appreciated by nita the doctor, thinking probably that the black bread would prove too strong for nita's stomach, endeavoured to have the ship's baker make a small quantity of white bread for her, but unfortunately the baker could not make a success of the wheat bread and the effort was given up as far as i could see, this black bread, while being far from palatable, was very wholeessay and nourishing i should like to state here that my family and myself were treated with the utmost courtesy and consideration by the commander himself and his officers while we were prisoners i am not speaking for the poor devils down below aft, nor of our treatment while under the charge of lieutenant rose on the jap prize ship hitachi maru, or later on the spanish prize igotz mendi, which was decidedly different on the wolf our meals were regular and methodically worked out, so that at the end of each day a person had received just so much rationed nourishment myself and family received the same food as that served in the officers' mess our breakfast usually consisted of "near" coffee, syrup or treacle and three slices of black bread i have seen the cook's dewritingment roasting this alleged "coffee, " and believe it to be nothing more nor less than wheat roasted until it is scorched or burnt, the larger kernels being saved for this purpose essay years ago i was on a sailing vessel and the supply of coffee gave out the cook used to take burnt bread and make a substitute for coffee from it that was identical in taste with this coffee on the wolf dinner at midday consisted of a soup, a meat-ball composed of canned beef ground fine and mixed with bread crumbs, plenty of preserved peas and carrots monday, wednesday and friday we had a dessert, usually stewed prunes or a corn-starch mixture for supper we had tea, bread, and sardine paste, or pickled, cold corned beef quite often rice in various disguises was given instead of the "bully beef" at noon but on sunday oh, joy!. !. a regular, honest-to-grandma dinner, consisting of asparagus soup, real fresh meat from the refrigerator, evaporated potatoes, a vegetable, prunes and a sweet this for a regular menu, day in and day out, doesn't look very good, but considering that we were prisoners i don't believe we had any cause to complain the food we received was the same as that which the commander and deck officers had, and superior to that of the warrant officers and seamen torpedoshowing "mannlicher" type torpedo tube, portside forward on "wolf" steamerfinal dive of japanese steamer "hitachi maru " 6558 gross tons capt kokmoa captured september 26th off maldiva islands, indian ocean sunk by bombs november 7th the german auxiliary cruiser and minelayer wolf was formerly a freighter belonging to the hansa line, a subsidiary of the hamburg-american line.

Lower pulse, withbetter elimination. Greatly accelerated recovery from influenza;fewer pneumonia complications. Lower mortality rate in influenza andpneumonia. Remarkable leucocyte stimulation ” administration by mouthand by intramuscular and intravenous injection are advocated in the recent influenza epidemic, it is reported that therapeuticresults of essay value were obtained at the great lakes trainingstation and at fort sheridan the reports of certain medical officersindicate that this preparation seemed to have essay effect on thecourse of pneumonia and influenza, on the temperature, and on theleukocyte count but those conducting the experiments state that it was“absolutely impossible” to fulfil ideal conditions as to controls andother observations at the time the experiments were conducted so far as the council knows, no effort has been made to determine thepotent constituent, or constituents, of this preparation. Whether themercury, the copper, or the protein in the mixture was responsible forthe claimed benefits is an open question these reports were given careful consideration, but it was decidednot to accept this preparation because of 1 exaggerated therapeuticclaims, conflicting with rule 6 aside from the report of its usein influenza and pneumonia at the great lakes training station andthe post hospital at fort sheridan, which reports are of work doneand observations made under conditions which did not permit carefulcontrols, no evidence has been presented to the council supporting thetherapeutic claims and 2 being an irrational mixture, conflictingwith rule 10-- a mixture containing colloidal mercury, copper andsulphur with proteins and carbohydrates in addition, it is difficult topredict the changes which occur in such mixtures on standing samples of mervenol two 1-ounce bottles submitted by themanufacturer, june 5, 1919, were found when opened, aug 18, 1919, tohave undergone decomposition a very disagreeable odor had developed, the liquid was turbid, and a large amount of precipitate had formed armervenol is stated by the proprietors-- the hille laboratories, chicago-- to be a hydrosol colloidal suspension of“mercury-copper-sulpharsenite” containing sufficient sodium chloridto make it isotonic with blood serum and “inert proteid” and“carbohydrate” to stabilize the solution.

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Boston med and surg jour , 1858, lviii , p 480 - execution of magee where can you buy research papers man, age 28. Weight 130 pounds drop sevento eight feet no struggle nor convulsion urine discharged at once seven minutes after drop fell, heart-beat one hundred. Nine minutes, ninety-eight. Twelve minutes, sixty and fainter. Fourteen minutes, not audible. Twenty-five minutes, body lowered face purple. Pupilsdilated. Eyes and tongue did not protrude mark of cord just abovethyroid cartilage, a deep oblique furrow except a small space underleft ear.