History

Ut Homework Service


charles m thomas, m d , sunbury, pa answer -- the “literature” referred to by dr thomas dealt with the“uri-na test” sold by the standard appliance company of philadelphia there seems to be a strong family resemblance between this alleged testand that known as “capell uroluetic test, ” which was discussed inthe propaganda dewritingment of the journal, aug 23, 1919 of that thejournal said. “unfortunately, its scientific value to the sufferer isnegligible compared with its economic value to the exploiter it is notso much a test for lues in the patient as of credulity in the doctor ”the same may be said of the “uri-na test ” the facts are, there is nomethod at present known by which the absence or presence of syphilismay be determined by a simple color test of the urine -- query in thejournal a m a , nov 22, 1919 chemotherapy and tumorsn richard weil, m d , new yorkn from the cancer research service of the general memorial hospital, new york n this critical discussion of the status of chemotherapy in tumorswas prepared at the request of the council on pharmacy and chemistry ofthe american medical association within the last three years a number of reports have appeared in themedical press which bear on the treatment of malignant growths inhuman beings by chemical preparations the most persuasive and themost insistent claims have been made in connection with the colloidalsolutions of certain metalloids and metals, notably selenium, vanadiumand copper at the same time a number of drug houses, both in thiscountry and abroad, have placed on the market proprietary preparationsof these substances in various forms, for which the claim is made thatthey produce striking therapeutic effects and essaytimes even cures inmalignant neoplasms the impulse toward the use and production of this type of preparationis directly traceable to a series of scientific experiments on thetumors of animals, which date back no farther than the year 1911 inthat year wassermann and his co-workers267 published a report onthe treatment of rat tumors by means of the intravenous injection ofselenium compounds this paper received wide notoriety through itsenthusiastic diffusion by the lay press shortly afterward neuberg andhis co-workers268 published their observations upon the therapeuticeffects of certain metallic compounds the clinical application of theencouraging results obtained by these authors in animal tumors followedrapidly, and up to the present time a number of papers have appearedin which the claim is made that human tumors also may be favorablyinfluenced through the constitutional use of substances similar tothose used by wassermann or neuberg in essay paper, use has been madeof colloidal solutions of the heavy metals, such as copper. In others, selenium compounds have been used, while in a third set of observationsthe therapeutic agent represents an attempt to combine the virtues ofthese two types of therapy by employing selenium in colloidal form asan example of the first class, may be cited the cuprase of gaube dugers;269 of the second, the seleniovanadic ointment of roemer and thesulpho-selene of walker. Of the third, seleniol and electro-selenium 267 wassermann, keysser and wassermann. Deutsch med wchnschr 37:2389, 1911 wassermann and hansemann. Berl klin wchnschr 49:4, 1912 268 neuberg and caspari. Deutsch med wchnschr 38:375, 1912 neuberg, caspari and löhe. Berl klin wchnschr 49:1405, 1912 269 gers, gaube du. La cuprase et le cancer, paris, 1913 inasmuch as this new type of cancer therapy derives its origin, its justification and its support, in very large measure, from thelaboratory results obtained in animals, it is a matter of considerableimportance to examine those results with care, in order to determinewhether they furnish a satisfactory basis for human therapy, andwhether they justify the hopes to which they have given rise it is safe to assert that the application of chemotherapy to thetreatment of tumors practically dates from the publications ofwassermann he stated the principle that a rational therapy of tumorsmust be based on constitutional treatment it appears evident thatlocal treatment can have only local effects the lymphatic extensionsof tumorous growths, and the often unsuspected metastases in distantorgans must of necessity escape the effects of purely local treatment hence, wassermann reached the conclusion that all treatment of cancerwhich was to be effective, and not merely palliative, must be carriedto all writings of the body by means of the blood stream he thereforeintroduced the use of intravenous injections in the experimentaltherapy of rat and mouse tumors an accidental observation led himto believe that selenium was a substance possessing a high degree ofaffinity for tumor cells in order to insure the penetration of the tumor in the live animal bythis substance, however, he considered it essential to combine it withessay other highly diffusible substance this type of substance, whichwas to act as a carrier of the selenium, he described under the name“cytotrochin, ” from the greek word τροχιά {trochia}, meaning road forthis purpose he selected eosin the eosin and the selenium were thencombined by a method and in a form the details of which have neverbeen published all that we know of this preparation is contained inthe statement that it is very difficult to produce, and that it isextremely unstable and difficult to keep mice can be given amounts offrom 2 to 3 mg of this substance in solution wassermann experimentedwith mice inoculated with transplanted tumors of the types of carcinomaand sarcoma after from three to five intravenous injections of thedrug, he noted that the tumors become softer and fluctuate after stillfurther injections the fluid mass undergoes absorption, and the tumorgives the impression of an empty sac if it is possible to carry theinjections up to the number of ten or twelve, recovery ensues in suchcured animals there remain only the unabsorbed portions of the fibrouscapsule recurrences were not observed in the cured animals wassermannfurther stated that two spontaneous tumors in mice which had beentreated by this method presented favorable results wassermann original presentation gave few experimental details, andhas not been followed by the promised scientific report from hisarticle it is impossible to determine what proportion of his animalswere cured and what proportion failed to survive the treatment from alater paper by keysser270 we learn that by far the larger portion ofthe animals perished during the treatment in the stage of softening, so that a cure was accomplished in from only 3 to 5 per cent of theanimals this is a point of great importance, inasmuch as it furnishesan indication of the highly dangerous character of this mode oftreatment fatal results are attributed by keysser to the absorption oftoxic products from the tumor this contention, however, is supportedby no observations, and it is certainly equally fair to assume thatdeath results from the toxic effects of the compound a microscopicstudy of tumors taken from animals undergoing treatment was made byhansemann he found that the death of the cells was the result ofnuclear destruction 270 keysser. Wien klin wchnschr 26:1664, 1913 within a very few months after wassermann publication, neubergand caspari268 published a paper which was the first of a seriesof studies on the therapeutic effects of the heavy metals on theanimal tumors they used zinc, platinum, tin, selenium, copper, silver and cobalt in the form of certain complex organic compounds, the composition of which is not revealed owing to the fact thatintravenous injections of these compounds produced a specific effect onthe tumors, they are described as “tumoraffin” substances immediatelyafter the intravenous injection of these preparations, there followeda marked hyperemia of the tumor, whereas the remainder of the mousebody appeared markedly anemic the hyperemia was often attendedby hemorrhage into the tumor this first stage was succeeded byliquefaction and absorption followed by recovery in favorable paper the authors failed to state in what proportion of their experiments theanimals died, and in what proportion recovery ensued the second paper on this subject is by neuberg, caspari and löhe, 268in which further details are vouchsafed they state that with thecompounds used by them the toxic and the therapeutic doses approximatevery closely, from which it follows that the treatment, as with thewassermann method, results in a very high mortality smaller dosesproduce no therapeutic effect.

The race may be determined both by the color of the skinand ut homework service by the shape of the head. The age may be approximated, though caremust be had in expressing an opinion, for the manner of living is wellknown to affect the appearance of age evidence of violence priorto death should be noted, and the presence or absence of fracturesascertained. Also observe the color of the hair and whether it be thinor abundant. The presence or absence of beard or mustache, and ifpresent the color. And the color of the eyes the arm - the following points should be determined. The color of theskin as indication of race. The probable sex from its shape and generalconformation. The probable age from its size and degree of development;marks of any kind, such as tattooing. And deformities, such as signs ofold or recent fracture, or dislocation. And supernumerary fingers the leg - the examination of the leg should be conducted in much thesame manner as that of the arm the trunk - an examination of the trunk will reveal the race, sex, and probable age, and may give evidence as regards the manner in whichthe deceased came to his or her death any marks or deformities shouldbe recorded, and in all paper the viscera should be examined medico-legal reports 568after making a medico-legal autopsy, it will be necessary for themedical examiner to draw up a report of his findings, and theconclusions based thereon the report should be clear and concise, andthe language such as a coroner jury can understand technical termsshould be avoided, and when their employment is necessary they shouldbe explained in the margin or in parentheses the report should be drawn up in essaywhat the following manner:1 when and under what circumstances the body was first seen. Statinghour of day, day of week and month 2 when deceased was last seen living, or known to be alive 3 any circumstances that would lead to a suspicion of suicide ormurder 4 time after death at which the examination was made, if it can beascertained 5 the external appearance of the body. Whether the surface is livid orpallid 6 state of countenance 7 any marks of violence on the person, disarrangement of the dress, blood-stains, etc 8 presence or absence of warmth in the legs, abdomen, arms, armpits, or mouth 9 presence or absence of rigor mortis to give any value to this point it is necessary for the witness toobserve the nature of the substance upon which the body is lying;whether the body be clothed or naked, young or old, fat or emaciated these conditions materially influence the rapidity of cooling and theonset of rigor mortis 10 upon first opening the body the color of the muscles should benoted carbon monoxide poisoning causes them to be of a cherry-redcolor 11 the condition of the blood and its color 12 the state of the abdominal viscera, describing each one inthe order in which it is removed see p 370 if the stomach andintestines are inflamed the seat of the inflammation should be exactlyspecified. Also all evidences of softening, ulceration, effusion ofblood, corrosion, or perforation the presence of hardened fæces in therectum will bear evidence that no purging occurred immediately beforedeath 13 the state of the heart and lungs for special consideration of thelungs in paper of suspected infanticide, see vol ii. And of personsdrowned, see vol i , p 805 et seq 14 the state of the brain and spinal cord after a thorough consideration of the results of the examination, conclusions must be drawn from this examination. Never from thestatements of others the conclusions commonly relate to whetherdeath was due to natural or unnatural causes.

“the oscilloclast has doubled my business ”-- s king, m d pa “i am doing good work with the oscilloclast in t b and when i get more room i shall want another machine ”-- h michener kas “we are swamped with work and our three cord oscilloclast is working to full capacity we are still astonishing the incredulous and keeping busy we must have another oscilloclast at once for there are so thesis here who demand treatment ”-- w p myers, m d cal the electrobioscopemore recently, dr abrams has extended his observations andexperiments, using what apparently is a modification of the oldfashioned pith ball suspended by a silk thread from a rubber rod withwhich we all experimented during our high school days this devicedr abrams has called the “electrobioscope ” it is for sale by thephysico-clinical co the “electrobioscope, ” in addition to doingthesis other things, has demonstrated to dr abrams the “sexualityof numbers and sounds ” thus, if the pith ball is charged negativelyand the numbers 1 to 9 are marked on a narrow board and the vowelsand consonants are marked on another board, it will be found-- stillaccording to dr abrams-- that even numbers repel the pith ball whileodd numbers attract it vowels repel and consonants attract “a femalehair repels and a male hair attracts ” from these data dr abramsdeduces that “even numbers and vowels are female and odd numbers andconsonants are male ”the value of music as a therapeutic agent is briefly touched on bydr abrams and we are told that the overture of “tannhäuser” willincrease the pulse rate whereas “meditation” ut homework service diminishes blood pressureand pulse rate “in dogs, music augments elimination of carbonic acidand increases the consumption of oxygen ” love, says dr abrams, “isdependent upon matter in vibration and the passional component has awave metric index of 14 in both sexes ” in referring to legendary lore, dr abrams apparently assigns a scientific basis for the belief amongthe bucolic that carrying around a potato has therapeutic virtue thus. “a cut potato carried on the person prevents elicitation of the stomach reflex when the negative pole of a bar-magnet is presented to the stomach region whereas the positive pole will evoke dulness ”it seems also that the “rheumatic rings” of iron “when worn yield aneutral energy which prevents the elicitation of the stomach reflexby either pole of a bar-magnet ” we learn, too, that the divining rod“no longer belongs to occultism but is entitled to consideration as ascientific fact ”dr abrams also has investigated methods whereby the sex of the fetusmay be diagnosed in the human these investigations have, apparently, been so limited as to permit only tentative conclusions in the case ofeggs of the domestic fowl, dr abrams reports that with four eggs thatyielded negative polarity, the result of incubation was four hens offive eggs yielding a positive polarity only two hatched, one was a henand one a rooster, giving an “error in observation ” three eggs testedyielded neutral polarity and “as predicted the eggs were sterile ” incase of an egg yielding a negative female polarity “an attempt wasmade to reverse the sex by painting one end of the egg with a yellowcoloring material ” the result was a rooster much more might be written about what one of our correspondents callsthe wonderful things they are doing in the west, but space forbids “neither the fury of tongue, ” says dr abrams in the preface to hisbook, new concepts in diagnosis and treatment, “nor the truculenceof pen can discredit the author observations which are capableof analyzation and demonstration ” if there is any scientificfoundation for the marvels that dr abrams so picturesquely features, the scientific world has not yet found it out!. -- from the journala m a , march 25, 1922 dr abrams’ graduationin this dewritingment of the journal for march 25 appeared an article ondr albert abrams and essay of his discoveries we have now receiveda letter from a physician, who asks that his name be not published, reading. “to the editor:-- i notice in your article on albert abrams the statement that he was born in 1864 and received his degree of m d in heidelberg 1882. If these data are furnished by himself and not a typographical error-- though i find the same data in the american medical directory for 1916-- then it is high time that essay board of censors should make a careful examination of his credentials “anybody, like myself, who is acquainted with medical matters in gerthesis knows that it is preposterous to assume that anybody could obtain the degree of m d in any german university at the age of 18 years m d , leipzig ”eighteen is rather young to receive an m d degree from heidelberg!. By again going over the various sources of information available thefollowing data were collected. In polk medical directory for 1886 dr abrams’ name appears as a graduate of the university of heidelberg, 1882, and of cooper medical college in 1883 the records we havefrom these two institutions confirm these dates the year of dr abrams’ birth seems less clear in the early writing of 1902 the americanmedical association sent dr abrams a blank for him to fill out for apermanent record this was returned in due course and, according toit, dr abrams was born in san francisco dec 8, 1863 this same dateappears in various editions of “who who in america ” a blank sent bythe a m a directory dewritingment to dr abrams in 1908 asking for apersonal biographical report was returned aug 20, 1908. It gave dr abrams’ date of birth as dec 8, 1864 a similar blank sent in theearlier writing of 1909 was returned giving the same birth date we learn, however, that an affidavit executed in 1917 states that albert abramswas born in san francisco dec 8, 1862 just how long dr abrams attended heidelberg university before he wasgranted the m d degree, we do not know apparently, at that time thestandards for admission to that institution were not especially severeand the length of time one would have to attend before being admittedto an examination seems to have depended on the educational credentialsthat the matriculant offered what credentials dr abrams submitted, we do not know assuming that the earliest date 1862 represents dr abrams’ date of birth, he could have been but twenty years old whenhe received his m d from heidelberg this indicates a precocity thatmight have forecast dr abrams’ later achievements throughout the records of dr abrams’ educational credentials thereappears the statement that he also graduated from the “universityof portland” in 1892, receiving the degree of a m from referencesavailable we have been unable to find any record of a “university ofportland ”-- from the journal a m a , april 8, 1922 a defense by upton sinclaira essaywhat voluminous letter has been received from mr upton sinclair, which is a defense of dr albert abrams of san francisco we publishmr sinclair letter because we believe it is written in honesty andsincerity-- and because the journal readers will enjoy it!. it is worthmentioning in this connection that mr sinclair in his latest bookdevotes a few pages to a eulogy of dr abrams and his methods thismaterial has not only been reproduced by dr abrams in his “houseorgan” physico-clinical medicine but is reprinted in leaflet form andis being distributed by essay of the individuals who are exploiting theabrams methods such reprints have been sent to this office by bothlaymen and physicians mr sinclair’ letterto the editor -- a few weeks ago you published an article dealingwith the discoveries or claims of dr albert abrams of san francisco i happen to be attending dr abrams’ clinic at the time and havediscussed this article with him at essay length dr abrams follows thepolicy of ignoring attacks on his work, taking the view that in thelong run, the man who cures disease makes his way in the world in spiteof all opposition however, it is easy to see that he has been deeplyhurt by this attack on his reputation, and as one of his friends andmost ardent admirers i am taking the liberty of addressing a letter toyou i do not know if the rules of your publication permit interventionin medical affairs by a mere layman permit me to introduce myselfas a layman who for essay twenty years tried faithfully to be curedof various diseases by thesis doctors of the best reputation in thesiswritings of the world, and failed. And who, therefore, was compelled, asa matter of self-protection, to look into the question of health forhimself i have read so thesis different kinds of books on health andmade so thesis experiments of my own that nowadays when i meet with agroup of physicians i find that before long they come to accept me asone of themselves you may not go that far, but at least you may be sogenerous as to allow me to tell you a little of what i have seen duringthe time i have spent in the clinic of dr albert abrams i observe that in the course of your two page article dealing with thissubject, you nowhere have anything to charge against dr abrams, nordo you show that you have investigated his work you consider that allyou have to do is to quote dr abrams’ own words as to what he can do, and that these words refute themselves italics our -- ed also youquote dr abrams’ schedules of prices, and imply that his motives aremercenary i will take up these two questions one at a time what dr abrams can dofirst, as to what dr abrams can do. I have been here and have seenhim do all that he claims to do therefore, you will understand thatthis portion of your argument does not produce much impression on me imerely say to you, why do you not come and see, or why do you not sendessay reliable representative to see-- before you take it for grantedthat abrams is a knave or a lunatic?. this man is not merely a colleagueof yours. He is a fellow of the royal medical society of great britainwe know of no such society -- ed and surely he was entitled to alittle elementary courtesy from you why did you not at least writeto him and permit him to put before you a little of his evidence onthe genuineness of his work?. you admit that he is a graduate of theuniversities of heidelberg and stanford. Dr abrams is not a graduateof “stanford ”-- ed you admit that he was graduated from heidelberg atthe age of twenty it happens that this was the youngest and remainsthe youngest age at which any man has taken a doctor degree at thatuniversity in a hundred years if you had inquired further you mighthave learned that ten years ago abrams was one of the most respectedphysicians in san francisco what has he done since to forfeit thehonors of a lifetime?. all that he has done is to shut himself up in hislaboratory and make the most revolutionary discoveries of this or anyother age.

Provokes urine, breaks the stone in the reins and bladder liquid amber is not much unlike liquid styrax. By unction it warmsand comforts a cold and moist brain, it eases all griefs coming ofa cold cause, it mightily comforts and strengthens a weak stomach, being anointed with it, and helps digestion exceedingly, it dissolvesswellings it is hot in the third degree, and moist in the first i think it would do the commonwealth no harm if i should speak a wordor two on manna here, although it be no gum. I confess authors makeessay flutter about it, what it is, essay holding it to be the juiceof a tree. I am confident it is the very same condensated that ourhoney-dews here are, only the contries whence it comes being farhotter, it falls in great abundance let him that desires reason forit, be pleased to read butler book of bees, a most excellentexperimental work, there he shall find reason enough to satisfy anyreasonable man choose the driest and whitest. It is a very gentlepurger of choler, quenches thirst, provokes appetite, eases theroughness of the throat, helps bitterness in the throat, and oftenproneness to vomit, it is very good for such as are subject to becostive to put it into their drink instead of sugar, it hath noobnoxious quality at all in it, but may be taken by a pregnant womanwithout any danger.

  • help with english essays online
  • words to use in an essay
  • write my paper plagarism free
  • failure essay
  • argumentative essay outline format
  • ghost writers for school essay
  • service essay
  • essay writing service recommendation
  • pay to write university essays
  • hugh gallagher essay
  • sat essay outline
  • how to set up a college essay
  • thesis writing help paper
  • writing help for esl students
  • college essay proofreading services
  • paying to write assignment
  • custom college essay
  • film analysis essay example
  • buy research paper on criminal
  • role model essay
  • niche $2,000 no essay scholarship

“you can change the character of the urinary secretion in a few minutes completely” by alkalithia, and “in nine paper out of ten, when the doctor prescribes ‘alkalithia’ his patient greatly improves, or gets well ”the firm advises that “renal insufficiency” be determined by the oldmethod of multiplying the ounces of urine in twenty-four hours by thelast two numbers of the specific gravity, adding 10, which gives thenumber of grains of solids excreted in the twenty-four hours if thisis low, no matter what the cause, they advise alkalithia, “that idealeliminant ”the council declared alkalithia inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because the claims made on the label and the circularaccompanying the trade package lead the public to its detriment todepend on this preparation rule 4. And because the therapeutic claimsare unwarranted rule 6 -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1919, p 65 arhovin omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryarhovin is a solution of dephenylamine, thymol benzoate and ethylbenzoate, marketed by schering and glatz, inc it was omitted fromnew and nonofficial remedies because the therapeutic claims made forthe preparation were unwarranted and because the firm had refused todiscontinue the distribution of the advertising which contained theobjectionable claims prior to jan 1, 1919 when the report whichappears below explaining the dismissal was submitted to schering andglatz, inc , the firm again promised a revision of its advertising, but refused discontinuance of the objectionable circular before jan 1, 1920 since arhovin is still marketed with unwarranted therapeuticclaims, the council has authorized publication of this report w a puckner, secretary the attention of the firm schering and glatz, inc , was called tomisleading statements in its booklet for arhovin in 1915, and in 1918the firm was informed that unless the misleading statements werewithdrawn before jan 1, 1919, arhovin would be omitted from new andnonofficial remedies the following quotations are taken from the circular in question, andillustrate the character of the claims to which objection was made. “striking also is the antiphlogistic and anesthetic effect of arhovin on the inflamed mucosae, an effect which, as all authorities agree, is far greater than that of all other internal anti-gonorrheaics ” “under its influence vesical and prostatic complications, gonorrheal arthritis, endocarditis, etc , are rarely incurred ”references to the indexes of leading textbooks, including thoseof meyer and gottlieb, cushny, sollman and bastedo, fails to showthat arhovin is so much as mentioned by those authors. Hence, it isobviously false to state, as is done in the first of the quotationsabove, that all authors agree concerning the striking effects ofarhovin thesis of the statements are objectionable by reason of the actionsimplied, rather than stated directly the following are examples. “arhovin in gonorrheal infections of the male genito-urinary organs anterior urethritis this is the class of paper in which the most favorable results from arhovin have been reported ” “posterior urethritis “here also the striking effects from arhovin medication, both in acute and chronic paper, are rapid decrease of discharge, disappearance of gonococci from the secretion, and cessation of subjective difficulties, such as strangury ”while the firm did not agree to withdraw the objectionable advertisingbefore jan 1, 1919, which made necessary the omission of arhovin fromnew and nonofficial remedies, 1919, it did submit a proposed folder inwhich the most objectionable of the claims are still made the following statement, which was in the proposed “folder” and isincluded in an advertising pamphlet sent out during 1919, serves toillustrate those points. “its action is three-fold.