History

Us History Thematic Essay


2 toestablish the cause of death, especially if us history thematic essay it has been sudden. And 3to ascertain the lesion of a disease, or to confirm a diagnosis the only difference between a medico-legal and pathological autopsyis that in the former case everything which might subserve the endsof justice should be carefully noted, and the changes found mostaccurately described. Especially any abnormalities found on theexternal examination of the body a photograph should be taken of thebody the head should be opened and the brain examined first, and not last, as is often done in the ordinary autopsy careful notes should be taken during each step of the examination, tobe reread, verified, and signed at the completion of the autopsy it must be remembered that most of the lesions of disease which arefound, indicate the disease rather than the cause of death. That oftenthe lesion found will seem hardly extensive enough to cause death, andthat from accidents and injuries apparently trivial, death may result it must often be acknowledged that no sufficient cause of death can befound, but the more accurate and careful the examinations especiallywhen a microscopical examination of the organs is made the fewer willbe the number of such paper if no apparent lesion is found, it mustnot be forgotten that thesis poisons destroy life and leave no trace thatthe pathologist can discover care should always be exercised not to mistake the ordinary post-mortemappearance which we find at autopsies for the lesions of disease the examination of the human body, whether it be made from amedico-legal or pathological standpoint, is divided into two maindivisions.

Excepting, however, counter irritation ” it is admitted that there are no“clinical reports” as to the hypodermic and intravenous use, but thebelief is expressed “that in an emergency it is a safe remedy underproper dilution ” it is further claimed that “for all practicalpurposes it is nontoxic and nonirritating” and that “it has none ofthe undesirable features such as is the case with the iodids and theorganic preparations of iodin, proprietary or otherwise ”it was assigned for consideration to the committee on pharmacology, whose referee reported:“according to the information submitted, this is a tincture of iodin;differing from the official tincture in that it is more dilute and inthat hydrogen and ethyl iodid is the solvent in place of potassiumiodid it is practically immaterial for internal administration, whether the cation of the solvent iodid is hydrogen, ethyl, potassiumor sodium it would certainly be inadvisable to inject a preparationcontaining free iodin hypodermically it is not ‘a safe remedy’ forintravenous injection and it would not be nonirritant the statementthat ‘it has none of the undesirable features’ of other iodin compoundsis inherently impossible apparent freedom of any iodin preparationfrom undesirable effects is generally due to the use of small doses such claims are plainly therapeutic exaggerations and therefore inconflict with rule 6 even should these be removed, the preparationmust be held an unessential modification of the official tincture, andtherefore in conflict with rule 10 ”the report was agreed to by the committee and adopted by the counciland minson soluble iodin “kelpidine” declared inadmissible to newand nonofficial remedies -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1917, p 152 nutone report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrynutone nutone company, lowell, mass is a us history thematic essay “nutritive tonic” said tohave the following complex composition. Cod liver oil, pure norwegian, 25 per cent malt extract, 9-1/3 per cent beef juice, glycerine, hypophosphite lime, hypophosphite soda, chemically pure, 1-1/2 grs each to the oz fl ext nux vomica, 3/64 of a minimum in each teaspoonful it is advertised with claims that will lead thoughtless physiciansand a confiding public to depend on it in paper in which fresh air, hygienic surroundings and nutritious food are of prime importance a sample package the phrase “as recommended by your physician” andother statements suggest that it is expected to be given the patientby the physician and thus effectively advertise nutone to the publicdescribes nutone as an “agreeable concentrated nutritive tonic emulsionof malt extract, beef juice and cod liver oil, combined with nervetonics and bone nutrients ” emphasizing the nutritive value of this“malt extract, beef juice, and cod liver oil” preparation, it isadvised, “as nutone is rich in nutritive properties, it is well tobegin with one-fourth teaspoonful, gradually increasing to regulardose, which is. Adults, 1 to 2 teaspoonfuls after meals and at bedtime children according to age ” it thus appears that adults are to takethis preparation as a “nutritive” in doses which represent from 3 to12 grains of sugar on the assumption that malt extract may contain asmuch as 50 per cent sugar and 8 to 30 minims of cod liver oil withunstated, but probably equally small, amounts of beef juice a consideration of the negligible food value of nutone as well asof the inefficiency of the other components and the claim that itis indicated in “malnutrition, ” “wasting diseases” and “incipientphthisis” classes nutone with that large group of shotgun mixtureswhich do harm in that dependence is placed on them in conditions inwhich the patient will probably be restored to health if proper medicaland hygienic measures are adopted in time the council declared nutone inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because it is an irrational shotgun mixture advertisedindirectly to the public with unwarranted therapeutic claims and anondescriptive therapeutically suggestive name -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1917, p 154 tri-arsenole, l o compound no 1 and l o compound no 2 report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrytri-arsenole -- according to the advertising of themedical supply company of atlanta, ga , “tri-arsenole” is“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride, ” and the claim is made. “this compound is the result of thesis years’ research the toxicity has been fully tested upon animals before using clinically, the latter having proven such complete success, we take pleasure in presenting it to the public ” “the manufacturers of tri-arsenol, before placing it upon the market, tested it biologically ”tri-arsenole is “recommended and suitable for the treatment of primary, secondary, tertiary and hereditary syphilis it has also been foundvery useful in pellagra and malaria ” the preparation is supplied inampules containing varying amounts of the dry substance it is to bedissolved in water and is to be administered intravenously in theadvertising attention is called to the yellow color of tri-arsenole;this, and the style of package suggest that it is a preparation similarto salvarsan in reply to a request sent the medical supply company for thequantitative composition and chemical formula of the compound“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” and for the details of the biologic testby which its toxicity is claimed to have been determined and evidencefor its efficiency, the following statement was received. “tri-arsenole no 1 equals to each ampoule, gr sodium chlorid 4-1/2 hydrarg chlor -cor 1/4 arsenous acid 1/4 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 2 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 4 hydrarg chlor -cor 1/2 arsenous acid 1/2 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 3 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 3-1/2 hydrarg chlor -cor 3/4 arsenous acid 3/4 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 4 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 3 hydrarg chlor -cor 1 arsenous acid 1 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2the request for information regarding the animal experiments said tohave determined the toxicity was ignored, nor were references suppliedto clinical reports demonstrating the value of the product the council declared tri-arsenole inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because of conflict with the rules as follows:in the absence of details of the method used, the claim that thepreparation has been tested biologically is in conflict with rule 2, which requires that for preparations claimed to be physiologicallystandardized the method of testing must be published so as to permit ofcontrol by independent investigators the claims that “merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” is “the result of thesisyears research, ” that its “toxicity has been fully tested upon animalsbefore using clinically” and that clinical use has “proven suchcomplete success” have not been substantiated by evidence and must beheld as unwarranted the name is in conflict with rule 8, which requires that pharmaceuticalmixtures shall bear names descriptive of their composition further, the name “tri-arsenole” by its similarity to diarsenol, the canadianbrand of arseno-phenolamin hydrochlorid, suggests that thispharmaceutical mixture is a chemical compound similar to salvarsan moreover, the danger of confusion is increased by the addition ofthe hydrastis preparation which imwritings a yellow color like that ofsalvarsan to the solution obtained when the colorless mercury andarsenic compounds of the mixture are dissolved again, the synonym“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” conveys the false impression thattri-arsenole is a definite chemical compound the label does not declare the poisonous constituents claimed tobe contained in the mixture. Namely, “arsenous acid” and corrosivemercuric chlorid rule 7 there is no evidence that arsenous acid arsenic trioxid usedintravenously is efficient and safe as a spirocheticide, and theadministration of this drug in conjunction with mercuric chloridin fixed proportion is irrational and dangerous-- writingicularly sobecause of the implied similarity of tri-arsenole to arsenphenolaminhydrochlorid salvarsan, diarsenol rule 10 l o compound no 1 and l o compound no 2 -- in submitting thesepreparations to the council, the medical supply company stated that“no 1” was “composed of the following ingredients. Chloral, camphor, menthol, iodin, and oil of gualtheria, incorporated in a fatty base each ounce contains fifteen grains of chloral hydrate, nine grainsof resublimed iodine ” “no 2” was said to have the same compositionas “no 1” except that the oil of gaultheria had been omitted themedical supply company was informed that the rules of the councilrequired declaration of the amounts of each therapeutic constituentof pharmaceutical mixtures and that, therefore, in addition to theinformation furnished the amounts of camphor, menthol and oil ofgualtheria should be given for “no 1” and the amount of camphor andmenthol for “no 2 ” the following reply was received. “l o compound no 1 equals to each tube, chloral hydrate gr 15 camphor gr 22 menthol gr 7-1/2 iodin resublime gr 3-2/3 oil of gaultheria m 3 petrolatum, q s oz 1 l o compound no 2, the same as above formula for l o c no 1, except the oil of gaultheria which is omitted ”it should be noted that when the preparations were submitted each ounceof the preparation was claimed to contain 9 grains of iodin, whilein the subsequent letter the company declares that they contain only3-2/3 grains to the ounce if it be assumed that the unit intendedis the avoirdupois ounce, the preparation should contain 2 06 percent of iodin according to the first statement and 0 84 per cent ofiodin according to the second statement while the dark color of thepreparations suggested the presence of appreciable amounts of freeiodin, the a m a chemical laboratory reported that an examination ofthe specimens submitted by the medical supply company showed that “no 1” and “no 2” each contained but 0 033 per cent of free iodin.

Either theoil made thereof, or the ointment, do help burnings with fire, orscalding with water the same also, or the decoction of the herb andflower, is good to bathe the feet of travellers and lacquies, whoselong running causes weariness and stiffness in the sinews and joints us history thematic essay if the decoction be used warm, and the joints afterwards anointed withointment, it helps the dry scab, and the itch in children. And the herbwith the white flower is also very good for the sinews, arteries, andjoints, to comfort and strengthen them after travel, cold, and pains beets of beets there are two sorts, which are best known generally, andwhereof i shall principally treat at this time, viz the white andred beets and their virtues descript the common white beet has thesis great leaves next theground, essaywhat large and of a whitish green colour the stalk isgreat, strong, and ribbed, bearing great store of leaves upon it, almost to the very top of it. The flowers grow in very long tufts, small at the end, and turning down their heads, which are small, palegreenish, yellow, buds, giving cornered prickly seed the root isgreat, long, and hard, and when it has given seed is of no use at all the common red beet differs not from the white, but only it isless, and the leaves and the roots are essaywhat red. The leaves aredifferently red, essay only with red stalks or veins. Essay of a freshred, and others of a dark red the root thereof is red, spungy, and notused to be eaten government and virtues the government of these two sorts of beetsare far different. The red beet being under saturn and the white underjupiter. Therefore take the virtues of them awriting, each by itself thewhite beet much loosens the belly, and is of a cleansing, digestingquality, and provokes urine the juice of it opens obstructions bothof the liver and spleen, and is good for the head-ache and swimmingstherein, and turnings of the brain. And is effectual also against allvenomous creatures. And applied to the temples, stays inflammations ofthe eyes. It helps burnings, being used with oil, and with a littlealum put to it, is good for st anthony fire it is good for allwheals, pushes, blisters, and blains in the skin.

And is much and often used to easepains in the sides or loins, the shoulder, or other writings of the body, upon the plying thereof to raise blisters, and cures the us history thematic essay disease bydrawing it to the outward writings of the body it is also used to helpthe falling off the hair the seed bruised mixed with honey, andapplied, or made up with wax, takes away the marks and black and bluespots of bruises, or the like, the roughness or scabbiness of the skin, as also the leprosy, and lousy evil it helps also the crick in theneck the distilled water of the herb, when it is in the flower, ismuch used to drink inwardly to help in any of the diseases aforesaid, or to wash the mouth when the palate is down, and for the disease ofthe throat to gargle, but outwardly also for scabs, itch, or other thelike infirmities, and cleanses the face from morphew, spots, freckles, and other deformities the hedge-mustard descript this grows up usually but with one blackish green stalk, tough, easy to bend, but not to break, branched into divers writings, andessaytimes with divers stalks, set full of branches, whereon grow long, rough, or hard rugged leaves, very much tore or cut on the edges inthesis writings, essay bigger, and essay less, of a dirty green colour theflowers are small and yellow, that grow on the tops of the branches inlong spikes, flowering by degrees. So that continuing long in flower, the stalk will have small round cods at the bottom, growing upright andclose to the stalk, while the top flowers yet shew themselves, in whichare contained small yellow seed, sharp and strong, as the herb is also the root grows down slender and woody, yet abiding and springing againevery year place this grows frequently in this land, by the ways andhedge-sides, and essaytimes in the open fields time it flowers most usually about july government and virtues mars owns this herb also it is singularlygood in all the diseases of the chest and lungs, hoarseness of voice:and by the use of the decoction thereof for a little space, those havebeen recovered who had utterly lost their voice, and almost theirspirits also the juice thereof made into a syrup, or licking medicine, with honey or sugar, is no less effectual for the same purpose, andfor all other coughs, wheezing, and shortness of breath the same isalso profitable for those that have the jaundice, pleurisy, pains inthe back and loins, and for torments in the belly, or cholic, beingalso used in clysters the seed is held to be a special remedy againstpoison and venom it is singularly good for the sciatica, and injoint-aches, ulcers, and cankers in the mouth, throat, or behind theears, and no less for the hardness and swelling of the testicles, or ofwomen breasts nailwort, or whitlow-grass descript this very small and common herb hath no roots, save onlya few strings. Neither doth it ever grow to be above a hand breadthhigh, the leaves are very small, and essaything long, not much unlikethose of chickweed, among which rise up divers slender stalks, bearingthesis white flowers one above another, which are exceeding small. Afterwhich come small flat pouches containing the seed, which is very small, but of a sharp taste place it grows commonly upon old stone and brick walls, andessaytimes in gravelly grounds, especially if there be grass or mossnear to shadow it time they flower very early in the year, essaytimes in january, andin february. For before the end of april they are not to be found government and virtues it is held to be exceedingly good forthose imposthumes in the joints, and under the nails, which they callwhitlows, felons, andicorns and nail-wheals nep, or catmint descript common garden nep shoots forth hard four-square stalks, with a hoariness on them, a yard high or more, full of branches, bearing at every joint two broad leaves like balm, but longer pointed, softer, white, and more hoary, nicked about the edges, and of a strongsweet scent the flowers grow in large tufts at the tops of thebranches, and underneath them likewise on the stalks thesis together, ofa whitish purple colour the roots are composed of thesis long stringsor fibres, fastening themselves stronger in the ground, and abide withgreen leaves thereon all the winter place it is only nursed up in our gardens time and it flowers in july, or thereabouts government and virtues it is an herb of venus nep is generallyused for women to procure their courses, being taken inwardly oroutwardly, either alone, or with other convenient herbs in a decoctionto bathe them, or sit over the hot fumes thereof. And by the frequentuse thereof, it takes away barrenness, and the wind, and pains of themother it is also used in pains of the head coming of any cold cause, catarrhs, rheums, and for swimming and giddiness thereof, and is ofspecial use for the windiness of the stomach and belly it is effectualfor any cramp, or cold aches, to dissolve cold and wind that afflictthe place, and is used for colds, coughs, and shortness of breath thejuice thereof drank in wine, is profitable for those that are bruisedby an accident the green herb bruised and applied to the fundament andlying there two or three hours, eases the pains of the piles. The juicealso being made up into an ointment, is effectual for the same purpose the head washed with a decoction thereof, it takes away scabs, and maybe effectual for other writings of the body also nettles nettles are so well known, that they need no description. They may befound by feeling, in the darkest night government and virtues this is also an herb mars claims dominionover you know mars is hot and dry, and you know as well that winter iscold and moist. Then you may know as well the reason why nettle-topseaten in the spring consume the phlegmatic superfluities in the body ofman, that the coldness and moistness of winter hath left behind theroots or leaves boiled, or the juice of either of them, or both madeinto an electuary with honey and sugar, is a safe and sure medicineto open the pipes and passages of the lungs, which is the cause ofwheezing and shortness of breath, and helps to expectorate toughphlegm, as also to raise the imposthumed pleurisy. And spend it byspitting. The same helps the swelling of the almonds of the throat, themouth and throat being gargled therewith the juice is also effectualto settle the palate of the mouth in its place, and to heal and temperthe inflammations and soreness of the mouth and throat the decoctionof the leaves in wine, being drank, is singularly good to provokewomen courses, and settle the suffocation, strangling of the mother, and all other diseases thereof. It is also applied outwardly with alittle myrrh the same also, or the seed provokes urine, and expels thegravel and stone in the reins or bladder, often proved to be effectualin thesis that have taken it the same kills the worms in children, easespains in the sides, and dissolves the windiness in the spleen, as alsoin the body, although others think it only powerful to provoke venery the juice of the leaves taken two or three days together, staysbleeding at the mouth the seed being drank, is a remedy against thestinging of venomous creatures, the biting of mad dogs, the poisonousqualities of hemlock, henbane, nightshade, mandrake, or other suchlike herbs that stupify or dull the senses. As also the lethargy, especially to use it outwardly, to rub the forehead or temples in thelethargy, and the places stung or bitten with beasts, with a littlesalt the distilled water of the herb is also effectual though not sopowerful for the diseases aforesaid. As for outward wounds and soresto wash them, and to cleanse the skin from morphew, leprosy, and otherdiscolourings thereof the seed or leaves bruised, and put into thenostrils, stays the bleeding of them, and takes away the flesh growingin them called polypus the juice of the leaves, or the decoction ofthem, or of the root, is singularly good to wash either old, rotten, or stinking sores or fistulous, and gangrenes, and such as fretting, eating, or corroding scabs, manginess, and itch, in any writing of thebody, as also green wounds, by washing them therewith, or applying thegreen herb bruised thereunto, yea, although the flesh were separatedfrom the bones.

  • proposal and dissertation help
  • research writing service
  • college admission essay writing services
  • gender stereotypes essay
  • need someone write my paper
  • purdue owl argumentative essay
  • term papers writing service
  • help me write my personal statement
  • where to buy student paper about divorce apa format
  • long essay apush
  • the yellow wallpaper essay
  • which question can help a writer analyze a prompt and develop a claim for an argumentative essay?
  • order custom papers
  • purchase essay online
  • cheap essay
  • extended essay guide
  • the common app essay
  • strength and weakness essay
  • college admission essay examples
  • unemployment essay
  • help with assignments

Whether inman or woman, bleeding either at the nose or wound there is also asort of amaranthus that bears a white flower, which stops the whitesin women, and the running of the reins in men, and is a most gallantantivenereal, and a singular remedy for the french pox anemone called also wind flower, because they say the flowers never open butwhen the wind blows pliny is my author. If it be not so, blame him the seed also if it bears any at all flies away with the wind place and time they are sown usually in the gardens of the curious, and flower in the spring-time as for discription i shall pass it, being well known to all those that sow them government and virtues it is under the dominion of mars, beingsupposed to be a kind of crow-foot the leaves provoke the termsmightily, being boiled, and the decoction drank the body being bathedwith the decoction of them, cures the leprosy the leaves being stampedand the juice snuffed up in the nose, purges the head mightily. So doesthe root, being chewed in the mouth, for it procures much spitting, and brings away thesis watery and phlegmatic humours, and is thereforeexcellent for the lethargy and when all is done, let physicians pratewhat they please, all the pills in the dispensatory purge not the headlike to hot things held in the mouth being made into an ointment, and the eyelids anointed with it, it helps inflammations of the eyes, whereby it is palpable, that every stronger draws its weaker like thesame ointment is excellently good to cleanse malignant and corrodingulcers garden arrach called also orach, and arage.