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“this is simply a word of inquiry-- and of possible warning to other practitioners-- regarding a preparation known as hypno-bromic compound manufactured by h k wampole & co this compound is dispensed by druggists without prescription and contains in each ounce. “cannabis indica 1 gr “morphin 1/4 gr “potassium bromid 48 gr “hyoscyamus 1 gr “chloral hydrate 96 gr “i have at the present time three young women who are addicts to this preparation as the result of thoughtless prescriptions from physicians this mixture evades the working of the harrison act and may be dispensed freely at the discretion of the druggist and, as a result, these three paper of mine have been able, by visiting at the various drug stores in town, to keep an ample supply on hand at all times ”“hypno-bromic compound” is more than an unscientific mixture. It isa dangerous product and should not be sold indiscriminately over thedrug counter before the harrison narcotic law went into effect, “hypno-bromic compound” contained half a grain of morphin sulphate tothe ounce instead of its present one-fourth grain physicians rememberthat section 6 of the harrison law contains a joker-- put over bythe “patent medicine” interests-- that exempts proprietary remediescontaining one-fourth grain of morphin or less to the ounce from therestrictions of that act while it is illegal for a physician to writea prescription which contains morphin, no matter how small the amount, unless he conforms in all ways to the requirements of the harrisonnarcotic law, “patent medicine” concerns can sell indiscriminatelynostrums containing morphin up to this amount and the public can buythem without let or hindrance no reputable druggist would sell alayman over 700 grains of chloral hydrate or 2 grains of morphin or 8grains of extract of cannabis indica, without a prescription, yet, thedruggist may hand over 8 ounce bottles of hypno-bromic compound whichcontain 768 grains of choral hydrate, 2 grains of morphin sulphate, 8grains of extract of cannabis indica, 8 grains of hyoscyamus and 384grains of potassium bromid!. physicians who prescribe such products ashypno-bromic compound and druggists who indiscriminately sell suchstuff are disgracing two honorable professions -- from the journala m a , feb 7, 1920 intravenous compound loffler its composition and the peculiar methods by which it is exploitedfor essay time past inquiries have been received regarding charles lymanloffler, his post-graduate course in intravenous therapy and especiallyrelative to “intravenous compound loffler ” for instance, a physicianwrites. “can you tell me anything about the physicians drug syndicate they are pushing the sale of thymozene and offering one hundred dollars’ worth of stock fully paid and non-assessable, free to those sending in their order, and also a copy of dr loffler lectures on the blood ”and from another physician. “what do you know of charles loffler, m d , and his intravenous compound?. a few evenings ago a man who appeared to be about 40 years old came to my office and tried to interest me in the above-mentioned article.

Van valkinburghv watson, 13 j r , 480 ” “a fortiori, it is unique argumentative essay topics so in the case ofan adult married daughter living with her husband ” and as to theliability of the husband of a married woman in the absence of statutegiving her legal capacity to contract and charge her separate estate consult moody v osgood, 50 barb , 628. Potter v virgil, 67 barb , 578. Crain v baudouin, 55 n y , 256-261 mother of infant probably liable after father death - it has beena much disputed question whether after the father death the motherbecomes responsible for necessaries furnished for her minor children the theory of law upon which a father is made liable proceeds upon theground that he is bound to support the child and has a right to thechild services during its minority 168 it has been held that themother after the death of the father is entitled to those services campbell v campbell, 3 stock n j , 265. Cain v dewitt, 8iowa, 116.

A power which passed through them from abovemoved these elemental worlds did not unique argumentative essay topics daily experience of their risingdetermine winter, storm, drought, etc ?. thus the processes on earthonly reflected and repeated the course of these divine and heavenlybodies. Yea, divine will itself but their order of movement varied sun and moon with their regular courses spin, as it were, the firmwarps and woofs. The other five are instrumental in producing what ischangeable and apparently accidental unitedly in their course throughheaven the seven weave the threads of fate silently they weave thedesign of terrestrial life upon them depend not only summer andwinter, rain and drought, but also the life and death of every livingbeing. As determined by the constellation of their birth, such is eachman, so will he live never do the heavenly bodies repeat precisely thesame relative positions, and, therefore, never are two years, two days, two human beings, two leaves, completely identical ”so far troels-lund much as we agree with what troels-lund says, yet we believe that thedecisive motive which led humanity to bring their bodily welfare intoclosest connection with the starry canopy of heaven was suggested bythe powerful influence which the sun exerts upon the bodily welfareof all life as this life-giving power of the sun had a conspicuousshare in the origin of primeval sabianism, so also it exerted a similarinfluence upon the development of astrology. For it must have beenobvious to even the most stupid observer that his well-being dependedto a great extent upon the action of the sun from this perceptionto the idea that other heavenly bodies were also intended to exert adecisive influence upon things terrestrial was only a short step forthe ancient civilized peoples. For here the conclusion from analogy wasactually so closely and so enticingly under every one nose that allhe had to do was but to pitch upon the powers which rule all earthlylife and neatly box them up in a well-constructed system but as theconclusion from analogy was always considered in the ancient worldas the most certain, never-failing path to knowledge, it was readilyfollowed in this connection also and thus astrology, like the greaterwriting of medico-physical knowledge, was based, we think, upon thetreacherous ground of a conclusion per analogiam besides, our opinion that the warming and vitalizing power of the sunformed one of the most important factors in the origin of astrologyis confirmed by the utterances of astrologists themselves thus, forinstance, ptolemy points to the sun and moon as the sources of life tomankind, and hermes and almansor repeat the dictum this is furthermoreproved by the unparalleled popularity which astrology has enjoyed inall phases of civilization there is no civilized people, eitherof ancient or of modern times, which has not adhered to astrologicdoctrines with the fullest confidence and most unswerving faith babylonians, egyptians, greeks, romans, germans, romanians in short, all nations have professed their belief in astrology such a conformityof opinion would, however, be inexplicable amid such a dissimilarity ofreligious and cultural ideas as characterized the different peoples, unless a common principle had decisively influenced all nations in thesame manner this principle was acknowledged in the influence of thesun every human being was bound to observe the animating power of thesun on his own bodily sense and from his own observation, and would beat once led to the conclusion that a similar power resided also in theother celestial bodies this conception, which to a great extent was brought about byconclusions from analogy, provided a method of inference concerningvarious other phenomena man meditated, speculated, concluded, untilthe required sidereal relation of each organ and each function of thehuman body was determined thus astrology may serve as one of themost telling examples of scientific delusions to which the ancientdiagnostico-theoretical methods were bound to lead, with theirconclusions from analogy and their deductive modes of procedure the above survey indicates, altho only in very general outlines, the origin of astrology we shall now consider more in detail theacquisition for which the art of medicine is especially indebted toastrology babylonico-assyrian civilization possessed in its earliest ages awell-developed system of astrologic medicine, as is evident fromwritings bequeathed to us from antiquity campbell-thompson hasrecently published, from the great stock of cuneiform tablets in thecollection of the british museum, 276 inscriptions of an astrologicalnature belonging to the so-called kouyunjik collection sudhoff hascompiled them, so far as they refer to medicine, and has subjected themto critical analysis we take the liberty of repeating certain extractsfrom these cuneiform tablets, which appear to be the reports whichassyrian and babylonian court astrologists made to the king tablet 69a says. “if the wind comes from the west upon appearance ofthe moon, disease will prevail during this month ”tablet 207. “if venus approaches the constellation of cancer, obedienceand prosperity will be in the land the sick of the land willrecover pregnant women will carry their confinements to a favorabletermination ”tablet 163.

“selenibascca a mixture of colloidal selenium in tablet form recommended in the internal treatment of carcinoma and essay other paper of faulty metabolism ”essay of the preparation was turned over to the a m a chemicallaboratory with the request that the tablets be examined to determinewhether or not they contained, as claimed, selenium in colloidal form the laboratory report follows. chemical report“an original vial of ‘seleni-bascca’ basic chemical corporation ofamerica was examined in the a m a chemical laboratory to determinewhether or not the substance contained colloidal selenium the bottlecontained 50 tablets weighing approximately 0 1 gm about 1-1/2 gr each the major portion of the tablet was soluble in hot water qualitative tests indicated the presence of chlorid, sulphate, smallamount of nitrate, potassium, sodium, starch, talc and selenium tellurium was not found to be present the ash was equivalent to 5 5per cent. Over one-half of the ash consisted of a talc-like substance the amount of selenium present in the specimen examined was only about1 3 per cent “in the literature sent out by the basic chemical corporation, ‘dr frederick klein’ is mentioned as chemist several years ago, thecouncil on pharmacy and chemistry investigated ‘sulfo-selene, ’ a cancerremedy, with which the same ‘dr klein’ was connected the allegedcomposition of ‘sulfo-selene, ’ as given to the council, was. “selenium 25 “sulphur writingially in colloidal 10 and writingially in crystalloid state “potassium carbonate 10 “nitrogen 05 “bile salts 50 “to which is added an inert base or vehicle. As sugar of milk or amylum ”“it was claimed that ‘sulfo-selene’ was prepared by reducingnitro-selenious acid with sulphurous acid, neutralizing with potassiumbicarbonate and then adding bile salts assuming that the compositionclaimed for ‘sulfo-selene’ was correct the analysis of ‘seleni-bascca’shows that the two products resemble each other the tests, however, failed to reveal in ‘seleni-bascca’ the presence of the bile saltsclaimed to have been present in ‘sulfo-selene ’”“the product is not colloidal as claimed as the selenium can be removedby ordinary filtration ”-- from the journal a m a , nov 19, 1921 repudiated by the brooklyn bureau of charitiesto the editor:-- my attention has been called to the fact that thereappears in a recent issue of the journal of the american medicalassociation a statement that the cosmopolitan cancer research society, located at 847 union street, brooklyn, has the cooperation of thebrooklyn bureau of charities in reply may i say that the bureau ofcharities has no connection, understanding, or relationship whatever, with the cosmopolitan cancer research society, and has never sent apatient to them t j riley, brooklyn secretary, brooklyn bureau of charities -- correspondence from thejournal a m a , dec 24, 1921 bell-ans papayans, bellj as the new york tribune “ad-visor” sees itj see index for additional article on bell-ans “why avoid draughts?.

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Their size, one and one-half, by three-quarters, byone-half inch open the organs by a single incision and examine forthe evidences of acute and chronic inflammations, tumors, and cysts the corpora lutea in various stages can be easily recognized in thesubstance of the organ open the fallopian tubes and examine theircontents and the condition of their membranes see disputed pregnancyand delivery, vol ii the spinal cord to remove the cord, the body should be placed on its face with a blockbeneath the thorax an incision is made through the skin and musclesalong the entire length of the vertebral column and the soft writingsdissected away so as to expose the transverse process of the vertebræ the lamina are divided with a saw through the articulate process adouble-bladed saw specially adapted for this work can be obtained after the lamina have been completely severed, these together with thespinous process can now be readily torn away with a stout hook and thecord exposed a long chisel with a wooden mallet will often greatlyfacilitate this work great care should be exercised not to injurethe cord the roots of the spinal nerves are now severed, and thecord removed within its membrane it should be remembered that serousfluid within the membranes of the cord, as also intense congestion, especially along its posterior aspect, is often seen as the result ofpost-mortem change the cord is laid on a clean board and the duramater opened with a blunt-pointed scissors along its anterior aspect, and an examination made for the presence of hemorrhage, inflammatorylesions, and tumors softening of the cord can generally be detected bythe finger passed along it this, however, is not a perfectly accuratetest, especially if the body has been dead essay time the cord isnow cut by transverse incisions about half an inch awriting throughoutits entire length, and the cut surface examined for the evidences ofdisease such as hemorrhages, softening, and inflammatory lesions after the cord has been removed, examine the vertebral column for theevidences of fractures and displacements late autopsies late autopsies are those performed after writingial or completedestruction of the soft writings of the body, through the naturalprocesses of decomposition, or the examination of bones exhumed longafter interment the term may be employed also to mean the inspectionof an embalmed body, dead for essay time the object of late autopsies is to determine identity, or to establishthe guilt or innocence of suspected persons an examination of theskeleton even thesis years after death may give important information asto the manner in which the deceased came to his end this cannot betterbe illustrated than by the citation of one or two paper in the celebrated case of “eugene aram, ” the bones of his victim werediscovered thirteen years after the crime had been committed a man whoafterward proved to be aram accomplice was arrested on suspicion heconfessed the crime, and the opinion formed by the medical witnesseswas confirmed by his statements the skull presented evidence offracture and indentation of a temporal bone aram argued the case inhis own behalf, but the testimony was too strong against him. He wasconvicted and executed taylor records the case of a man, guerin, who was convicted of themurder of his brother from evidence obtained from an examination of theskeleton three years after interment here, again, blows upon the headwere the cause of death, and the fractures were plainly perceptibleupon the exhumed skull an autopsy upon a body before the soft writings have been entirelydestroyed, or upon an embalmed body, should be conducted in muchthe same manner as ordinary autopsies in these paper the method ofburial should be noted if it be a case of murder, and the body hasbeen hurriedly put into the ground, it is not likely that the customof christian nations has been observed that of laying the body fulllength, with the head to the west in the case of writingially destroyed bodies, the remaining soft writingswill give little evidence of the mode of death unless the violence hasbeen very extensive, and even then it may be impossible to determinewhether a wound was inflicted prior to or after death recourse mustbe had to the skeleton, and the only evidence it can furnish is offractures, unless, as happened in one case, a rope be found about thecervical vertebræ when the skeleton only is found, taylor lays stress upon the followingpoints. 1 whether the bones belong to a human being or one of the loweranimals 2 if a human being, whether male or female 3 the length of time they have probably remained in the ground 4 the probable age of the individual to whom they belonged if themaxillary bones be found, much information may be obtained from anexamination of the teeth 5 the probable stature of the individual during life 6 the race to which he belonged the conformation of the skull andthickness of the bones will give important information on this point 7 it should be determined whether solitary bones belong to the rightor left side, and whether they form writings of one or more than oneskeleton 8 whether they have been fractured, and if so, whether it occurredduring life, or by accident at the time of the exhumation if itoccurred during life, whether it be recent or of long standing 9 the presence or absence of personal deformities, of supernumeraryfingers or toes, of curvature of the spine, of ankylosis of one or morejoints 10 whether they have been calcined, as murderers essaytimes try tomake away with the bodies of their victims by burning especially isthis the case in infanticides see identity, vol i , p 408 et seq ;time of death, vol i , p 452 et seq autopsies of fragments these paper are usually paper of murder in the perpetration of whichthe criminal has mutilated the body with a view to destroying alltraces of identity the importance which attaches to autopsies of fragments rests uponthe fact that writings of a body may be found widely separated, and thatone portion may be found before the others in such paper it will benecessary to determine if they belong to one and the same body theexamination is conducted chiefly with a view to establishing this the examiner must note the manner in which the fragment has beenseparated. Whether it is clean cut, as by one who understood essaythingof anatomy, or, whether it has been separated roughly and by oneignorant of the body structure the determination of this point willbe one link in the chain of evidence which may lead to the detectionof the criminal, or the acquittal of one accused an anatomist ora butcher would be likely to cut through at a joint, and to do itneatly the exact point at which the severance has taken place shouldbe noted the place of finding, the circumstances under which found, the condition and general appearance of the fragment should all becarefully recorded the color of the skin will indicate with essayaccuracy the race to which the individual belonged the probablesex may be determined by the presence or absence of hair, and thegeneral conformation this, however, will not apply in the case ofchildren the probable age may be fixed upon from the size and degreeof development of the fragment the cut surface should be carefullydescribed, and if possible a drawing should be made of it there are special considerations which apply to certain writings of thebody the head - the exact point of severance should be recorded thenumber of vertebræ which remain attached to the head should be counted, and if the section pass through a vertebra, its number and the amountof it missing should be stated the sex will be apparent in allinstances. The race may be determined both by the color of the skinand by the shape of the head.