History

The Stranger Essay


“oh, indescribable mixture, incomparable elixir, the stranger essay antidotebeyond all praise!. celestial purgative if i may be permitted touse the expression, which throws into the shade every medicalprescription, which surpasses in fragrance every earthly aroma, andis more powerful than all essences. Which purges the body like thejuice of scammony, clears the lungs like hyssop, and the head likesneezewort. Which not only cures the ailing limbs, but also, and thisis much more valuable, washes off the stains from the conscience!. ”according to this extensive power of the tombstone powder, it is by nomeans astonishing that gregory of tours, when traveling, always carrieda box of this miraculous powder with him, so that he was able at onceto heal the patients that surrounded him i was not able to obtainfrom the literary sources at my disposal any data as to whether thedirect licking off of the tombstones might not have been still moreefficacious than the all-healing extract gregory does, however, reportthat he was cured of a tumor of the tongue and lips by merely lickingthe railing of the tomb of st martin and kissing the curtain of thetemple another very efficacious remedy was the charred wick of the wax candleswhich had burned in the church this wick was pulverized, and in thismanner a very powerful curative powder was obtained which, when taken, acted in a manner similar to that of the watery or vinous tombstoneinfusion the wax which dripped from candles that were placed near the holysepulchre was also credited with thesis medicinal virtues, but it seemsthat it was employed more as an external than an internal remedy the water which had been used before easter to clean the altar ofthe saints was also considered to be a famous remedy if such waterwas employed in washing a patient he recovered at once, and this wasthe happy experience of countess eborin this exhalted patient wassuffering so severely that she believed her hour had come she was thenquickly removed to the church of st martin, and thoroughly washedwith the water that had been used in washing the altar and, behold!. The disease disappeared, and let us hope that the overjoyed countessafterward enjoyed thesis years of life oil from lamps hung in holy places was also a favorite remedy, but itappears that it was principally used for anointing however, when mixedwith holy water, it furnished a remedy which could be administered todiseased cattle with a prospect of positive cure water which was obtained by boiling the covers in which the relics werewrapped also yielded a very efficacious medicine thus, for instance, gregory of tours caused a silk cover, in which a piece of the crossof christ had been wrapped, to be thoroughly boiled, and he thenadministered this decoction to patients. The curtains which were usedas ornaments over holy graves also displayed an extremely beneficenteffect upon the sick if an individual suffering from headache touched, for instance, the carpet which was placed over the resting-place of st julian, the pain ceased but if a patient was afflicted with abdominalpains, all that was necessary to relieve him at once was to pull athread from this, the above-named carpet, and to apply it to hisrebellious digestive apparatus however, it was not necessary for the priests, under essaycircumstances, personally to take the trouble of manufacturingmiraculous medicines from relics there existed essay holy graves whichwere so accommodating that they furnished, of their own accord, theholy material that was required for the treatment of the sick thusthe chronicler records that the grave of the evangelist john exuded asort of white manna, which, owing to its wonder-working curative power, was distributed all over the world a similar product was yielded bythe grave of the apostle andrew on the festival day of that saint aprecious oil scented like nectar also sprang from the resting-place ofthis man of god we see, therefore, that the sacred pharmacopœia teemed with remedies, and that they were quite extensively employed is shown sufficiently bythe history of the saints and, above all, by the works of gregory oftours the latter, in writingicular, offer an actually inexhaustible mineof information concerning the medical activity of christian saints it does not, however, appear that this medical activity enjoyed theconfidence of priests or of laymen to such an extent that the servicesof a professional physician were entirely discarded it is true, gregory of tours expresses himself in reference to the terrestrialphysicians in a manner which is by no means complimentary, for he says:“what are they the physicians able to accomplish with theirinstruments?. their office is rather to cause pain than to alleviateit.

Of which are three sorts, long, round, and climing. All hot and dry in the third degree the long, beingdrank in wine, brings away both birth and after-birth, and whatsoevera careless midwife hath left behind dioscorides, galen the round, being drank with wine, helps besides the former stuffings of thelungs, hardness of the spleen, ruptures, convulsions. Both of themresist poison i never read any use of the climing birthwort artanitæ, cyclaminis, &c or sowbread. Hot and dry in the thirddegree, a most violent purge, dangerous. Outwardly applied to theplace, it profits much in the bitings of venomous beasts, also beinghung about women in labour, it causes speedy deliverance see the herb arundinis, vallanoriæ, and saccharinæ of common reeds and sugarreeds the roots of common reeds applied to the place draw out thorns, and ease sprains.

But the two marks were finally explained, that after the bodywas taken down it was ordered up again until the police should arrive 4 ibid , the stranger essay p 5 - man, age 45. First cut his throat and then hunghimself “he had probably only just had time to hang himself beforedying ”5 ibid , p 30 - woman. Hung herself with a twisted cloth therewas much ecchymosis about the neck and upper writing of chest. Lungs muchcongested. Fibrin clot in left mitral orifice. Liver, spleen, andstomach congested. Transverse ligament of atlas ruptured 6 ibid - man, age 39 distinct mark of cord around neck. No othermark of violence. Laceration of larynx and dislocation of odontoidprocess. Hands clinched. Involuntary discharge of semen. Thoracic andabdominal organs normal 7 ibid - man, age 70 mark of cord around the neck, superficialin front, deep behind.

Med klin 2:4110, 1906 rheinboldt, 19 investigating the effects of formamint and of ordinaryformaldehyd on animals, the stranger essay concludes that formaldehyd is toxic in actionwhile formamint is not 19 rheinboldt. Deutsch med wchnschr 32:587, 1906 illustration. How the exploiters of formamint capitalize the medicalprofession miniature reproductions of typical formamint advertisementsappearing in the newspapers rosenberg20 corroborates this statement he also found that agarplates of bacillus prodigiosus were killed by formamint solutionsin about four hours he fails, however, to give the strength of hisformamint solutions 20 rosenberg. Therap d gegen 7:55, 1905 wingrave21 suggests the use of formamint for infants!. he recommendsthat a tablet be crushed and wrapped in “butter cloth ” the ends of thecloth are to be tied with thread, the formamint is to be moistened, andthe packet is to be held in the mouth of the baby several times eachday 21 wingrave. Lancet, london 2:1067, 1906 young22 published the results of essay experiments by himself anddelépine on the human throat they dissolved a tablet in the mouth andmade swab cultures with the following results. Immediately after taking the tablet 0 colonies 10 minutes after taking the tablet 35 colonies 30 minutes after taking the tablet 150 colonies22 young. Lancet, london 1:975, 1908 they found no staphylococci at any time other results of swabbingvarious writings of the throat before and after the use of formamint, reported by these investigators, show enormous reductions in the count, claimed to be due to the action of formamint the count was made onagar at 37 c , but they fail to state the time elapsing between takingthe formamint and making the swab young also reports favorableclinical results in paper of scarlet fever, diphtheria, sore throat, and the like it must be noted, however, that they state that the mouthand fauces must first be thoroughly cleansed by swabbing and douchingbefore formamint is used the “chemical compound” claimthe claims made in the advertising literature of formamint are veryextravagant thesis are highly improbable these statements will bediscussed later the statement is made that formamint is a new chemical compound. “formamint is pentamethanallactose, 5 choh c₁₂h₂₂o₁₁ it is an original combination of formaldehyde with lactose, a definite chemical compound the formaldehyde molecule is locked up in it until solution in the saliva takes place, when the formaldehyde is liberated in its nascent state and is therefore active without being irritant ”furthermore the makers contend that this new chemical compound isentirely harmless for example, daus, 5 in an article on “thedisinfectant action of formic aldehyde on mucous membranes, ” declares. “no indication of irritant or other injurious action made its appearance even after large doses the urine remained free from albumin and sugar ”such statements as these are found in the advertising literature. “formamint tablets are absolutely harmless and innocuous, even to little children ” “when dissolved in the saliva, formamint tablets liberate slowly nascent formaldehyde in a most active yet non-irritant form ”they maintain that formamint is not only absolutely harmless, butactually beneficial to the tissues it may be used “to tone up andstrengthen the tissues, prevent hoarseness, and allay irritation insingers, public speakers, ” etc the claims urged as to its germicidal power are indeed glittering this“new chemical compound” is claimed to liberate formaldehyd in essay newand peculiar condition which, while it has a soothing and tonic effecton the cells of the human tissues, can at the same time quickly killany form of bacterial life “dissolving readily, it releases its germicidal, antiseptic qualities, which impregnate the saliva and are carried naturally and easily around the mouth and in the deepest crevices of the throat-- destroying the germs where they are causing the mischief formamint prevents and destroys infectious germ life in a soothing grateful way ” “in the saliva it frees a germicide, fatal to germs but harmless to the most delicate membranes and flowing into every tiny corner of the gums, tonsils and throat, into places where no gargle ever reaches, it most effectively disinfects the throat ”the claims as to the preventive and curative effects of the preparationcover a large portion of the category of human ailments and distresses the following quotations indicate essay of its supposed properties. “ it is therefore self-evident that formamint should be looked upon as a necessary writing of the treatment of all forms of tonsillitis ” “the value of formamint is equally great in diphtheric tonsillitis, or as a prophylactic ” “the extraordinary success which i had with formamint in a school epidemic of scarlet fever during may and june, 1907, was the determining factor which induced me to abandon the use of inhalations, gargles, local applications in the treatment of diseases of the throat, and to use formamint exclusively for the future ” “there are naturally thesis similar conditions in which formamint may be used as a prophylactic, notably scarlet fever, mumps, streptococcal and staphylococcal sore throats, ‘milk outbreaks’ of sore throat, drain throats, hospital throats, and the like ” “formamint tablets are indicated in angina, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, stomatitis, gingivitis, glossitis, ulceration, spongy or bleeding gums, pyorrhea alveolaris, ‘smoker sore throat, ’ abscess or boils, etc ” “as a prophylactic against diphtheria, scarlet fever, influenza, measles, epidemic poliomyelitis, and other pathogenic micro-organisms to neutralize putrefaction products in and about the teeth, correct fermentative processes, deodorize and purify the breath, etc ” “to tone up, and strengthen the tissues, prevent hoarseness and allay irritation in singers, public speakers, neutralize the effects of dust-infection or disinfect the saliva or sputum in influenza, tuberculosis, etc ”one man declares that along with specific constitutional treatment he“had the best results from the use of formamint tablets” in a case ofsyphilitic ulceration of the tongue in short, formamint is recommended for the treatment or preventionof almost everything, from a bad breath to such grave conditions asscarlet fever, diphtheria and tuberculosis, conditions in which adelay in proper treatment-- for instance, in diphtheria, a failure toadminister antitoxin-- may result in the death of the patient a series of investigations was therefore undertaken in order todiscover whether the extravagant claims regarding the germicidal powerof formamint could be verified experimental datatwo fifty-cent bottles of wulfing formamint were purchased in theopen market and were kept well stoppered to prevent deterioration qualitative tests showed the presence of formaldehyd and the amount wasdetermined quantitatively by the hydrogen peroxid method as given bysutton 23 the results were respectively, 1 99 per cent and 2 03 percent of formaldehyd 23 sutton. Volumetric analysis, edition 10, p 390 illustration. Two formamint advertisements reproduced in miniaturetypical of those appearing in a certain type of medical journals essay determinations were made of the germicidal power of formamintin vitro, that is, under controlled laboratory conditions atwenty-four-hour plain agar culture of staphylococcus aureus waswashed off in 10 c c of sterile 0 85 per cent sodium chloridsolution a 1:100, 000 dilution of this was made in each of three flaskscontaining 100 c c of sterile saliva flask 1 contained 1 per cent offormamint, flask 2, 5 per cent.

  • feminism essay
  • american dream essay
  • write my essay please
  • police brutality essay
  • gun control persuasive essay
  • pay people for term papers
  • do my homework paper
  • essay on plagiarism
  • pay to do my paper
  • 2015 college essay prompts
  • apa format essay example 6th edition
  • best custom essay sites
  • how to head an essay
  • forgiveness essay
  • essay writer free
  • custom essay writer for $8 per page
  • interesting persuasive essay topics
  • good words to use in an essay
  • macbeth essay prompts
  • where to buy essay
  • argumentative essay outline middle school

No discharge ofsemen the stranger essay or fæces. Ecchymosis under cord, left side. Dislocation of atlasfrom axis. Odontoid ligaments ruptured. Transverse ligament uninjured brain and membranes much congested.