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Song Analysis Essay Example


Photographic reproduction reduced of the first page ofa booklet ogden was sending out in the latter writing of 1914 furthermore, the purchaser had the privilege of asking questions ofogden relative to song analysis essay example symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for a period ofsix months after the purchase of the “course ” although, in ogdenopinion, “you should have the subject well understood long before thattime ”the charge for this course and “services as outlined” was $200, but inorder to show his confidence in the ability of those who purchased it, ogden was willing to take $100 down and the other $100 paid in “fiveper cent of monies received from cured patients” until the balance waspaid reverting to the present “post-graduate course” and “clinic”. Thosewho send in the postal card to “h l roberts” receive a form-letter, signed “h l roberts” in facsimile handwriting, stating thatinformation was enclosed “regarding the ogden methods” and statingthat dr ogden would be in indianapolis or cleveland or pittsburgh, asthe case might be, on a certain date and that the fee for the “clinic”would be $100 with this letter is an eight-page pamphlet entitled“essay facts concerning the ogden method of treating rectal diseases ”the first page is headed in black-faced type. “about referencesand endorsements ” it then states that the “usual references andendorsements are omitted from this booklet ” further. “as to dr willard e ogden. The professional and social standing of dr ogden is such that he does not need to offer any “as to ‘the ogden method’ and its value to you in your professional work. What others say or think has little if any weight you are your own man you do your own thinking you decide for yourself-- do you not?. ”illustration. Photographic reproduction greatly reduced of anadvertisement of the burleson concern with which ogden was connectedprevious to 1914, and which connection he is capitalizing in hispresent advertising the booklet gives an outline of the “course of instruction, ” which isalmost identical, word for word, with the outline given in the letteradvertising the mail-order course previously referred to the booklet further states that “the ogden method has entirelyeliminated the use of cautery, the ligature or any injections, in thetreatment of hemorrhoids, ” but that “the use of the electric currenthas proved to be the very correct method in such paper, as will bedemonstrated at the clinic ” the booklet reiterates the statement thatogden association with the burleson and burleson concern at grandrapids makes him “eminently well qualified to instruct members of themedical profession in this important branch of the medical science!. ”in addition to this booklet there is a four-page advertisingleaflet illustrating and describing the “ogden rectal cabinet” andalso the “ogden rectal table and stool ” there is also a littlepostcard-- addressed, of course, to “h l roberts”-- for the physicianto fill in stating that “you may enroll me as intending to attend dr ogden clinic in proctology, to be held at-- -- ” should the recipientnot fill in and mail this enrolment card he gets another form lettercalling attention to the fact that the enrolment card has not beenreceived and stating further that “available hotel facilities make itnecessary to limit our enrolment to twenty students ”careful search fails to disclose that dr willard ealon ogden has everdistinguished himself in the practice of the specialty in which he nowwishes to instruct physicians equally careful search fails to showthat dr ogden has ever published a paper either on any proctologicsubjects or on any other phase of medicine or surgery neither doesthere seem to be any evidence for the claim that dr ogden “has beenassociated with the leading proctologists of america ”-- from thejournal a m a , feb 4, 1922 “patents” patent laws and patent office practicethe inequity of our patent laws, or possibly it would be more correctto say, of the interpretation of our patent laws, has been commented onthesis times in the journal the journal also has had occasion to callattention to patents that have been issued for obviously unscientificand quackish devices and preparations the paper of the preposterousgas-pipe fake “oxydonor” and the creatinin mixture for the allegedconferring of immunity against diphtheria, pneumonia, scarlet fever, syphilis, tuberculosis, etc , are paper in point in a patent issued the early writing of this year for the “discovery” ofa method of flavoring epsom salt, the patent office has, in fatuity, piled pelion on ossa the “inventor” declares that his inventionrelates to a pharmaceutical preparation and a special method oftreatment of the medicinal agents whereby said agent will be renderedmuch more efficient in character he further avows that the “primeobject” of his “invention” is to “disguise the normal taste and imwritingan agreeable odor or smell to salts commonly employed as a cathartic ”parenthetically it may be said that probably not a day passes thatessay physician in the united states does not do substantially the samething when writing a prescription the “inventor” further claims thatthe object of his “invention” is to utilize the salts as a vehicleto carry an antiseptic and anesthetic agent whereby the salts whenadministered as a cathartic “will also act beneficially on the entiredigestive tract” and “whereby cramped and spasmodic conditions are atonce relieved with a resulting cure of flatulency, indigestion, sickand sour stomach, colic and the destruction of worms, etc ”such claims are so absurd that the only excuse for commenting onthem is the effect they have on the public mind the layman readingthe specifications of this patent would naturally conclude that aninvention of great importance had been made-- of such importance as towarrant the government in rewarding its inventor by granting him aseventeen-year monopoly on the sale of his invention the law requires that, to be patentable, inventions shall be new anduseful and shall show a higher degree of skill in their inception thanis naturally to be expected from those who are skilled in the arts towhich the inventions belong it has been decided again and again thatphysicians’ prescriptions are not patentable because it is assumedthat an educated physician will utilize his knowledge of pharmacy indevising proper compounds of medicines to meet the indications ofdisease when a physician prescribes a dose of epsom salt to be takenin one of the official aromatic waters, he does not produce or create anew invention by so doing of course, in one sense every prescriptionis an invention-- an invention to meet the conditions presented by thepatient-- but such inventions are not patentable, because they representthe ordinary skill of a physician in carrying on his vocation if the patent office goes on granting patents for such “inventions” asflavored epsom salt, and it should be found financially profitable tosecure such patents and place the products on the market, it will onlybe a matter of time before the materia medica will be so restrictedthat a physician will be unable to write a prescription withoutinfringing on essaybody patent the splendid conception of the framers of our constitution in providinga plan for promoting progress in science and useful arts by grantingto inventors for a limited time the exclusive use of their inventions, in exchange for the publication of full knowledge thereof, is beingdebased no branch of our government is of greater importance to theprogress of the country than the patent office, provided that office isintelligently administered when the patent office is used, however, for an extention of the nostrum business, founded on the abuse ofpatent and trade-mark laws, it becomes a menace to the public health the objects of the patent law are being defeated by the practices ofthe patent office -- editorial from the journal a m a , june 23, 1917 our archaic patent lawsin this issue we publish two reports of the council on pharmacy andchemistry which illustrate the weaknesses of the present working of theunited states patent laws in the first report the council presentsan investigation of a recently granted patent, and shows that thepatent was issued on the mere claims of the applicant and without thepresentation of any evidence for such claims the second report-- “needfor patent law revision”-- is an appeal to the patent office for amore enlightened administration of the patent law, and it presents afew illustrations of the unfair protection which has been granted bythe patent office the protest of the council appears at an opportunetime in science299 the “patent office society, ” an associationof employees of the u s patent office, announces that a committeehas been created on request of the national research council to makea study of the u s patent office and its service to science andarts it states that this committee will meet in washington shortlyto consider the adequacy of the present patent office equipment andthe simplification of procedure as well as responsiveness to presentnational and international requirements the committee also hopesto coordinate, in the interest of an improved public service, theendeavors of the various national societies, manufacturing interests, patent bar associations and all others aiming at genuine patent reform unquestionably, there is a growing conviction that in the case ofmedicines the monopoly given by the patent laws, if granted at all, should be granted with greater consideration of the public welfare too often the united states patent law has been used to obtain anunfair monopoly on a medicament or to abet quackery there is noquestion that one of two things is needed. Either a radical changein the patent law itself or the application of more brains in itsadministration -- editorial from the journal a m a , jan 12, 1918 299 dec 28, 1917, p 629 patents perpetuated by trade namesthe patent on aspirin300 acetylsalicylic acid, controlled bythe bayer company, american representative of the farbenfabriken ofelberfeld company, will expire next year 1917 the journal haspreviously stated that the grant of this patent was regrettable andworked injustice to american citizens it is unnecessary again to gointo the grounds for this statement.

Itis good for cold natures, and cheers the spirits the dose is a scrupleor half a dram, taken at night pilulæ de lapide lazuli or pills of lapis lazuli college take of lapis lazuli in powder and well washed, five drams, epithymum, polypodium, agarick, of each an ounce, scamony, blackhellebore roots, sal gem of each two drams and an half, cloves, annisseeds, of each half an ounce, species hiera simple fifteen drams, withsyrup of the juice of fumitory, make it into a mass according to art culpeper it purges melancholy very violently pilulæ macri college take of aloes two ounces, mastich half an ounce, driedmarjoram two drams, salt of wormwood one dram, make them all, being inpowder, into a mass according to art with juice of coleworts and sugar, so much as is sufficient culpeper it strengthens both stomach and brain, especially thenerves and muscles, and eases them of such humours as afflict them, andhinder the motion of the body, they open obstructions of the liver andspleen, and takes away diseases thence coming pilulæ mastichinæ or mastich pills college take of mastich two ounces, aloes four ounces, agarick, species hiera simple, of each one ounce and an half, with syrup ofwormwood, make it into a mass according to art culpeper they purge very gently, but strengthen much, both head, brain, eyes, belly, and reins pilulæ mechoacanæ or pills of mechoacan college take of mechoacan roots half an ounce, turbith threedrams, the leaves of spurge steeped in vinegar and dried, the seedsof walwort, agarick trochiscated, of each two drams, spurge rootsprepared, mastich, of each one dram and an half, mace, cinnamon, sal gem of each two scruples, beat them into powder, and with white wine, bring them into a mass when it is dry, beat it into powder, and withsyrup made with the juice of orris roots and sugar, make it the secondtime into a mass for pills culpeper they purge flegm very violently pilulæ de opopanace or pills of opopanax college take of opopanax, sagapen, bdellium, ammoniacum, hermodactils, coloquintida, of each five drams, saffron, castoreum, myrrh, ginger, white pepper, cassia lignea, citron, myrobalans, of eachone dram, scamony two drams, turbith half an ounce, aloes an ounce andan half, the gums being dissolved in clarified juice of coleworts, with syrup of the juice of coleworts, make them into a mass accordingto art culpeper it helps tremblings, palsies, gouts of all sorts, cleanses the joints, and is helpful for such as are troubled with coldafflictions of the nerves it works violently pilulæ rudii college take of coloquintida six drams, agarick, scamony, the rootsof black hellebore, and turbith, of each half an ounce, aloes oneounce, diarrhodon abbatis half an ounce, let all of them the diarrh abbatis excepted be grossly bruised, and infused eight days in thebest spirits of wine in a vessel close stopped, in the sun, so that theliquor may swim at top the breadth of six fingers. Afterwards infusethe diarrhodon abbatis in the same manner four days in aqua vitæ, thenhaving strained and pressed them hard, mix them both together, castingthe dross away, and draw off the moisture in a glass alembick, and letthe thick matter remain in a mass culpeper it cleanses both head and body of choler, flegm, andmelancholy. It must not be taken in any great quantity, half a dram issufficient for the strongest body pilulæ russi college take of aloes two ounces, myrrh one ounce, saffron half anounce, with syrup of the juice of lemons, make it into a mass accordingto art culpeper a scruple taken at night going to bed, is an excellentpreservative in pestilential times. Also they cleanse the body of suchhumours as are gotten by surfeits, they strengthen the heart, and weakstomachs, and work so easily that you need not fear following yourbusiness the next day pilulæ sine quibus or pills without which college take of washed aloes fourteen drams, scammony preparedsix drams, agarick, rhubarb, sena, of each half an ounce, wormwood, red roses exungulated, violet flowers, dodder, mastich, of each onedram, salt of wormwood, of each half a dram, with syrup of the juice offennel made with honey, make it into a mass according to art culpeper it purges flegm, choler, and melancholy from the head, makes the sight and hearing good, and gives ease to a burdened brain pilulæ stomachiæ or stomach pills college take of aloes six drams, mastich, red roses, of each twodrams, with syrup of wormwood, make it into a mass according to art culpeper they cleanse and strengthen the stomach, they cleanse butgently, strengthen much, help digestion pilulæ stomachiæ cum gummi or stomach pills with gums college take of aloes an ounce, sena five drams, gum amoniacumdissolved in elder-flower vinegar half an ounce, mastich, myrrh, ofeach a dram and an half, saffron, salt of wormwood, of each half adram, with syrup of purging thorn, make it into a mass according to art culpeper they work more strongly than the former pilulæ e styrace or pills of styrax college take of styrax calamitis, olibanum, myrrh, juice ofliquorice, opium, of each half an ounce, with syrup of white poppies, make it into a mass according to art culpeper they help such as are troubled with defluxion of rheum, coughs, and provoke sleep to such as cannot sleep for coughing pilulæ de succino or pills of amber college take of white amber, mastich, of each two drams, aloesfive drams, agaric a dram and an half, long birthwort half a dram, withsyrup of wormwood make it into a mass culpeper it amends the evil state of a woman body, strengthensconception, and takes away what hinders it. It gently purges choler andflegm, and leaves a binding, strengthening quality behind it pilulæ ex tribus or pills of three things college take of mastich two ounces, aloes four ounces, agarick, hiera simple, of each an ounce and an half, rhubarb two ounces, cinnamon two drams, with syrup of succory, make it into a massaccording to art culpeper they gently purge choler, and help diseases thencearising, as itch, scabs, wheals, &c they strengthen the stomach andliver, and open obstructions, as also help the yellow jaundice pilulæ turpeti aureæ college take of turbith two ounces, aloes an ounce and an half, citron myrobalans ten drams, red roses, mastich, of each six drams, saffron three drams, beat them all into powder, and with syrup ofwormwood bring them into a mass culpeper they purge choler and flegm, and that with as muchgentleness as can be desired. Also they strengthen the stomach andliver, and help digestion laudanum college take of thebane opium extracted in spirit of wine, oneounce, saffron alike extracted, a dram and an half, castorium one dram:let them be taken in tincture of half an ounce of species diambrænewly made in spirit of wine, add to them ambergris, musk, of each sixgrains, oil of nutmegs ten drops, evaporate the moisture away in abath, and leave the mass culpeper it was invented and a gallant invention it is tomitigate violent pains, stop the fumes that trouble the brain infevers, but beware of opiates in the beginning of fevers to provokesleep, take not above two grains of it at a time, going to bed. If thatprovoke not sleep, the next night you may make bold with three have acare how you be too busy with such medicines, lest you make a man sleepto doom-day nepenthes opiatum college take of tincture of opium made first with distilledvinegar, then with spirit of wine, saffron extracted in spirit of wine, of each an ounce, salt of pearl and coral, of each half an ounce, tincture of species diambræ seven drams, ambergris one dram. Bring theminto the form of pills by the gentle heat of a bath culpeper the operation is like the former pilulæ assaireth avicenna college take of species hiera picra galeni one ounce, mastich, citron myrobalans, of each half an ounce, aloes two ounces, the syrupof stœchas as much as is sufficient, make of them a mass according toart culpeper it purges choler and flegm, and strengthens the whole bodyexceedingly, being very precious for such whose bodies are weakened bysurfeits, or ill diet, to take half a dram or a scruple at night goingto bed pills of bdellium mesue college take of bdellium ten drams, myrobalans, bellericks, emblicks, and blacks, of each five drams, flakes of iron, leek seeds, of each three drams, choncula veneris burnt, coral burnt, amber, ofeach a dram and an half, pearls half an ounce, dissolve the bdelliumin juice of leeks and with so much syrup of juice of leeks as issufficient, make it into a mass according to art culpeper both this and the former are seldom used, and thereforeare hardly to be had pills of rhubarb mesue college take of choice rhubarb three drams, citron myrobalans, trochisci diarrhodon, of each three drams and an half, juice ofliquorice, and juice of wormwood, mastich, of each one dram, the seedsof smallage and fennel, of each half a dram, species hiera picra simp galeni, ten drams, with juice of fennel not clarified, and honey somuch as is sufficient, make it into a mass culpeper it purges choler, opens obstructions of the liver, helpsthe yellow jaundice, and dropsies in the beginning, strengthens thestomach and lungs pilulæ arabica nicholaus college take of the best aloes four ounces, briony roots, myrobalans, citrons, chebs, indian bellerick, and emblick, mastich, diagrydium, asarabacca, roses, of each an ounce, castorium three drams, saffron one dram, with syrup of wormwood, make it into a mass accordingto art culpeper it helps such women as are not sufficiently purged intheir labour, helps to bring away what a careless midwife hath leftbehind, purges the head, helps head-ach, megrim, vertigo, and purgesthe stomach of vicious humours pilulæ arthriticæ nicholaus college take of hermodactils, turbith, agarick, of each half anounce, cassia lignea, indian spikenard, cloves, xylobalsamum, or woodof aloes, carpobalsamum or cubebs, mace, galanga, ginger, mastich, assafœtida, the seeds of annis, fennel, saxifrage, sparagus, bruscus, roses, gromwell, sal gem of each two drams, scammony one ounce, ofthe best aloes, the weight of them all, juice of chamepitys made thickwith sugar, so much as is sufficient. Or syrup of the juice of thesame, so much as is sufficient to make it into a mass culpeper it helps the gout, and other pains in the joints, comfortsand strengthens both brain and stomach, and consumes diseases whoseoriginal comes of flegm pilulæ cochiæ with helebore college take of the powder of the pills before prescribed, thepowder of the bark of the roots of black hellebore, one ounce. Make itinto a mass with syrup of stœchas according to art pills of fumitory avicenna college take of myrobalans, citrons, chebs, and indian diagrydium, of each five drams, aloes seven drams. Let all of them being bruised, be thrice moistened with juice of fumitory, and thrice suffered to dry, then brought into a mass with syrup of fumitory culpeper it purges melancholy be not too busy with it i beseechyou pilulæ indæ mesue out of haly college take of indian myrobalans, black hellebore, polypodium ofthe oak, of each five drams, epithymum, stœchas, of each six drams, agarick, lapis lazuli often washed troches alhandal, sal indi, of eachhalf an ounce, juice of maudlin made thick, indian spikenard, of eachtwo drams, cloves one dram, species hiera picra simplex galeni, twelvedrams, with juice of smallage make it into a mass according to art culpeper it wonderfully prevails against afflictions coming ofmelancholy, cancers which are not ulcerated, leprosy, evils of the mindcoming of melancholy, as sadness, fear, &c quartan agues, jaundice, pains and infirmities of the spleen pilulæ lucis majores mesue college take of roses, violets, wormwood, colocynthis, turbith, cubebs, calamus aromaticus, nutmegs, indian spikenard, epithimum, carpobalsamum, or instead thereof, cardamoms, xylabalsamum, or woodof aloes, the seeds of seseli or hartwort, rue, annis, fennel andsmallage, schænanthus, mastich, asarabacca roots, cloves, cinnamon, cassia lignea, saffron, mace, of each two drams, myrobalans, citrons, chebuls, indian bellerick, and emblick, rhubarb, of each half an ounce, agarick, sena, of each five drams, aloes succotrina, the weight of themall. With syrup of the juice of fennel make it into a mass according toart culpeper it purges mixt humours from the head, and clears it ofsuch excrements as hinder the sight pills of spurge fernelius college take of the bark of the roots of spurge the less, steepedtwenty-four hours in vinegar and juice of purslain, two drams, grainsof palma christi torrified, by number, forty, citron myrobalans onedram and an half, germander, chamepitys, spikenard, cinnamon, of eachtwo scruples, being beaten into fine powder with an ounce of gumtragacanth dissolved in rose water, and syrup of roses so much as issufficient, let it be made into a mass pills of euphorbium mesue college take of euphorbium, colocynthis, agarick, bdellium, sagapenum, of each two drams, aloes five drams, with syrup made of thejuice of leeks, make it into a mass culpeper the pills are exceeding good for dropsies, pains in theloins, and gouts coming of a moist cause take not above half a dram ata time and keep the house pilulæ scribonii college take of sagapen, and myrrh, of each two drams, opium, cardamoms, castorium, of each one dram, white pepper half a dram, sapaso much as is sufficient to make it into a mass according to art culpeper it is appropriated to such as have phthisicks, and such asspit blood, but ought to be newly made, a scruple is sufficient takengoing to bed troches trochisci de absinthio or troches of wormwood college take of red roses, wormwood leaves, annis seeds, of eachtwo drams, juice of maudlin made thick, the roots of asarabacca, rhubarb, spikenard, smallage seeds, bitter almonds, mastich, mace, ofeach one dram, juice of succory so much as is sufficient to make itinto troches according to art culpeper they strengthen the stomach exceedingly, openobstructions, or stoppings of the belly and bowels. Strengthendigestion, open the passages of the liver, help the yellow jaundice, and consume watery superfluities of the body they are essaywhat bitter, and seldom taken alone.

Inthe middle whereof stands the small long pestle or clapper, smaller atthe bottom than at the top, of a dark purple colour, as the husk is onthe inside, though green without. Which, after it hath so abided foressay time, the husk with the clapper decays, and the foot or bottomthereof grows to be a small long bunch of berries, green at the first, and of a yellowish red colour when they are ripe, of the bigness of ahazel-nut kernel, which abides thereon almost until winter. The rootis round, and essaywhat long, for the most writing lying along, the leavesshooting forth at the largest end, which, when it bears its berries, are essaywhat wrinkled and loose, another growing under it, which issolid and firm, with thesis small threads hanging thereat the wholeplant is of a very sharp biting taste, pricking the tongue as nettlesdo the hands, and so abides for a great while without alteration theroot thereof was anciently used instead of starch to starch linen with there is another sort of cuckow-point, with less leaves than theformer, and essay times harder, having blackish spots upon them, whichfor the most writing abide longer green in summer than the former, andboth leaves and roots are more sharp and fierce than it. In all thingselse it is like the former place these two sorts grow frequently almost under every hedge-sidein thesis places of this land time they shoot forth leaves in the spring, and continue but untilthe middle of summer, or essaywhat later. Their husks appearing beforethe fall away, and their fruit shewing in april government and virtues it is under the dominion of mars tragusreports, that a dram weight, or more, if need be, of the spotted wakerobin, either fresh and green, or dried, having been eaten and taken, is a present and sure remedy for poison and the plague the juice ofthe herb taken to the quantity of a spoonful has the same effect butif there be a little vinegar added thereto, as well as to the rootaforesaid, it essaywhat allays the sharp biting taste thereof upon thetongue the green leaves bruised, and laid upon any boil or plaguesore, doth wonderfully help to draw forth the poison. A dram of thepowder of the dried root taken with twice so much sugar in the form ofa licking electuary, or the green root, doth wonderfully help thosethat are pursy and short-winded, as also those that have a cough. Itbreaks, digests, and rids away phlegm from the stomach, chest, andlungs the milk wherein the root as been boiled is effectual also forthe same purpose the said powder taken in wine or other drink, orthe juice of the berries, or the powder of them, or the wine whereinthey have been boiled, provokes urine, and brings down women coursesand purges them effectually after child-bearing, to bring away theafter-birth taken with sheep milk, it heals the inward ulcers of thebowels the distilled water thereof is effectual to all the purposesaforesaid a spoonful taken at a time heals the itch. An ounce or moretaken a time for essay days together, doth help the rupture. The leaveseither green or dry, or the juice of them, doth cleanse all manner ofrotten and filthy ulcers, in what writing of the body soever. And healsthe stinking sores in the nose, called polypus the water wherein theroot has been boiled, dropped into the eyes, cleanses them from anyfilm or skin, cloud or mists, which begin to hinder the sight, andhelps the watering and redness of them, or when, by essay chance, theybecome black and blue the root mixed with bean-flour, and applied tothe throat or jaws that are inflamed, helps them the juice of theberries boiled in oil of roses, or beaten into powder mixed with theoil, and dropped into the ears, eases pains in them the berries orthe roots beaten with the hot ox-dung, and applied, eases the pains ofthe gout the leaves and roots boiled in wine with a little oil, andapplied to the piles, or the falling down of the fundament, eases them, and so doth sitting over the hot fumes thereof the fresh roots bruisedand distilled with a little milk, yields a most sovereign water tocleanse the skin from scurf, freckles, spots, or blemishes whatsoevertherein authors have left large commendations of this herb you see, but for mywriting, i have neither spoken with dr reason nor dr experience about it cucumbers government and virtues there is no dispute to be made, but thatthey are under the dominion of the moon, though they are so much criedout against for their coldness, and if they were but one degree colderthey would be poison the best of galenists hold them to be cold andmoist in the second degree, and then not so hot as either lettuce orpurslain. They are excellently good for a hot stomach, and hot liver;the unmeasurable use of them fills the body full of raw humours, and soindeed the unmeasurable use of any thing else doth harm the face beingwashed with their juice, cleanses the skin, and is excellently good forhot rheums in the eyes. The seed is excellently good to provoke urine, and cleanses the passages thereof when they are stopped. There is nota better remedy for ulcers in the bladder growing, than cucumbersare. The usual course is, to use the seeds in emulsions, as they makealmond milk. But a far better way in my opinion is this.

Instead it appears to bea solution of song analysis essay example zinc sulphate in witch hazel water containing less than0 03 per cent of combined iodin and not more than a trace of freeiodin “national iodine solution” is one more to be added to thatalready long list of proprietaries which makes capital of the highesteem in which physicians hold iodin the claimsan advertising circular sent to physicians begins. “dear doctor. We beg to suggest a line of treatment while using national iodine solution which our thesis years of experience has proven to us to give the best and quickest results in the treatment of inflammation of the urethral tract ”in it are given directions for the treatment of “acute gonorrhea, male, ” “anterior urethritis, ” “anterior-posterior urethritis, ” “ardorurinæ and chordee, ” etc , by means of national iodine solution andother proprietaries of the national drug company make in fact thesolution is claimed to be “indicated in all conditions of urethraaccompanied by a discharge ” comment and conclusionsthe therapeutic claims made for “national iodine solution” areunwarranted such a solution is not indicated in all conditions of theurethra accompanied by discharge the advice contained in the circularis equivalent to mail-order treatment of gonorrhea it is of interest to note that the claims for an identical or asimilar solution prepared by the national drug company as a treatmentfor gonorrhea and intended for use by the laity, has been adjudgedmisbranded by the federal authorities notice of judgment no 8150, issued jan 25, 1921 in that it misled and deceived the purchaseror purchasers thereof in the statements regarding the therapeuticor curative effects of the article, which falsely and fraudulentlyrepresent it to be indicated in all conditions of the urethraaccompanied with a discharge, “whereas in truth and in fact it was not ”the council would emphasize that if physicians give heed to advertisingsuch as that sent out by the national drug company for this preparationthe medical profession cannot with good grace protest against theroutine treatment of venereal diseases by quacks and “patent medicine”venders -- from the journal a m a , june 4, 1921 mon-arsone not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary mon-arsone is offered by the harmer laboratories company as “a newand non-toxic arsenical for the treatment of syphilis ” in theadvertisements for mon-arsone it has been claimed that with thisdrug “the toxic, corrosive and uncertain reactions attending the useof arsphenamine have been entirely eliminated” and that “it has atherapeutic value equal to arsphenamine, but extensive case reportsfail to record the slightest toxic reaction following its use ”according to the manufacturers, mons-arsone is disodiumethylarsonate, the sodium salt of ethylarsonic acid, derived from arsenic acid byreplacement of one hydroxyl group by the ethyl group-- aso ch₂ch₃ oh₂ mons-arsone is related to sodium cacodylate, which is the sodium saltof dimethyl-arsenic acid-- aso ch₃₂oh-- derived from arsenic acid byreplacement of two hydroxyl groups by two methyl groups ethylarsonicacid and its potassium salt were described by la coste139 more thanthirty-five years ago, and the use of the sodium salt of methylarsonicacid was proposed in france essay years ago the harmer laboratoriescompany claims originality for mons-arsone in that it was the firstto prepare the sodium salt of ethylarsonic acid and to propose itstherapeutic use 139 la coste. Annalen der chemie liebig 208. 34 it was reported several years ago by castelli140 that sodiumcacodylate and the sodium salt of methyl arsenic acid were devoid ofeffect on experimental trypanosomiasis and spirochete infections careful clinical observations in this country by h j nichols141 andh n cole142 have demonstrated the inefficacy of sodium cacodylatein the treatment of human syphilis 140 castelli, g. Arch f schiffs- u tropen-hyg 16. 605, 1912 141 nichols, h j. Salvarsan and sodium cacodylate, j a m a 56:492 feb 18 1911 142 cole, h n. A study of sodium cacodylate in the treatment ofsyphilis, j a m a 67. 2012 dec 30 1916 animal experiments carried out in the u s hygienic laboratory byvoegtlin and smith143 show that mon-arsone is devoid of any practicaltrypanocidal action thus the “therapeutic ratio” the ratio of theminimal effective dose to the lethal dose was about 1, that is, itwas effective therapeutically only in approximately fatal doses. Thetherapeutic ratio for arsphenamine in similar conditions was 17, andthat of neoarsphenamine, 28 143 voegtlin, carl, and smith, h w. J pharmacol and exper therap 16. 449, 1921 the findings that sodium dimethylarsenate sodium cacodylate, sodiummethylarsenate, and sodium ethylarsenate are devoid of any practicaltrypanocidal action and the conclusion that sodium cacodylate isinefficient in the treatment of human syphilis does not provethat mon-arsone is without effect on the disease these findings, however, certainly demand convincing therapeutic evidence to warrantthe recommendation for the use of the drug in the treatment ofsyphilis-- writingicularly because the drug is proposed as a substitute forarsphenamine, the value of which is established when the council first took up the consideration of mon-arsone, theonly evidence for the claim that it “has a therapeutic value at leastequal to that of arsphenamine” consisted, with one exception, ofreports from those who had experimented with the drug for the harmerlaboratories company, including a report by b l wright, l a kennell, and l m hussey, 144 the latter of the harmer laboratoriescompany these reports appeared to show that the administration ofmon-arsone caused less reaction than arsphenamine, and that theimmediate effects, judged by clinical symptoms and the response to thewassermann test, appeared to be good these trials extended over tooshort a period of time to permit judgment as to the permanence of theresults a report by an independent observer seemed to indicate thatmon-arsone does not have the sterilizing action on syphilitic lesionswhich it is usually believed arsphenamine exercises 144 wright, b l. Kennell, l a , and hussey, l m. M rec 97. 607 april 10 1920 after examining the available evidence, the council advised the harmerlaboratories company that the claim that mon-arsone has a therapeuticvalue equal to arsphenamine appeared unwarranted. That, in the opinionof the council, mon-arsone should not be used except under conditionsthat justify the experimental trial of an unproved drug, and should notbe used in a routine way until the permanence of its effects has beenestablished. And consequently any advertising propaganda for the drugby the harmer laboratories company was to be deprecated in its reply the harmer laboratories company admitted that itsadvertising claim, that mon-arsone was at least equal to arsphenaminetherapeutically, had been based on reports on fifty paper and onadditional reports that were beginning to come in at that time the harmer laboratories company submitted a list of hospitals andphysicians using mon-arsone a letter of inquiry sent by the council tothose who, according to the names in the list supplied by the harmerlaboratories company, had used mon-arsone, brought seven replies the clinical evidence contained in these replies was to the effect thatmon-arsone had been used in the various types of syphilis and thatthere was a certain beneficial effect, both clinically and as shown bythe wassermann reaction in certain instances the wassermann reactionchanged from a four plus to a negative reaction the reports showedthat the efficiency of mon-arsone as compared with that of arsphenaminepreparations has not been adequately studied one physician who hasused mon-arsone extensively reports that in thesis of the paper treatedthere seemed to be nearly as good results from the use of mon-arsone asis frequently obtained in the use of arsphenamine he reports, however, that it was necessary in eleven out of one hundred paper to change frommon-arsone to neoarsphenamine in view of the fact that there is definite lack of evidence to showthat mon-arsone is the equal of arsphenamine therapeutically, andbecause of the reports that in essay paper it is inferior, mon-arsoneshould not be used in the treatment of syphilis generally until itstherapeutic status has been more rigidly investigated and conclusiveevidence of its superiority to arsphenamine preparations obtained the council voted not to admit mon-arsone to new and nonofficialremedies and reaffirmed its conclusion that the claim that mon-arsonehas a therapeutic value equal to that of arsphenamine is premature andunwarranted.

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The patient should face west, “the blood should be taken in a subdued light and there should be nostrong red or yellow coloring material in the room ”in various places dr abrams song analysis essay example has asseverated that “ifsplancho-diagnosis is approached with a prejudiced mind, it is betternot to attempt it, for there are ‘none so blind as those that will notsee ’”dr abrams founded and edits physico-clinical medicine it ispublished by “physico-clinical co ” at 2135 sacramento st , sanfrancisco-- the address, according to the telephone directory, of dr abrams’ residence it is a quarterly “devoted to the study of theelectronic reactions of abrams and the visceral reflexes of abrams, inthe diagnosis, treatment and pathology of disease ” single copies, onedollar. By the year, two dollars the publication is, apparently, notentered as second class matter, in fact, presumably, it could not be, as it seems obviously to be an advertising affair each issue containsmaterial dealing with “spondylotherapy, ” “splanchno-diagnosis, ”“electronic reactions” and other discoveries and theories of dr abrams in it also is published a list of “essay recent visitors atdr abrams’ laboratory, ” the names and addresses of the “lessees ofoscilloclast” about which more later, testimonials for dr abrams, etc of course, it carries advertisements of dr abrams’ “physico-clinicallaboratory” also at 2135 sacramento st and his “practical coursesin spondylotherapy and electronic diagnosis and treatment” $200 inadvance essay of the devices of dr abrams are also advertised “noapparatus sold on credit terms cash ” among these are. “dr abrams’ electrodes for electronic diagnosis $ 6 00 “biodynamometer 36 00 “dr abrams’ reflex set 36 00 “dr abrams’ electro-concusser 120 00” the oscilloclastbut what seems to be the outstanding piece of apparatus, devisedor invented by dr abrams, the pièce de resistance, as it were, ofphysicoclinical diagnosis and treatment, is the “oscilloclast ”this device is not for sale it can be had only on lease the firstpayment is $200 or $250, according to whether it is wired foralternating or direct current then there is a monthly payment of$5 dr abrams publishes a list of more than 130 men who have leasedone or more “oscilloclasts ” sir james barr name heads the list according to dr abrams, the “oscilloclast” owes its conception to thetherapeutic principles he advocates these, in writing, are. “1 physiologic phenomena are manifestations of electronic energy “2 pathologic phenomena are manifestations of perturbed electronic energy “3 the energy in health and disease has an invariable and definite rate of vibration determinable by the electronic reactions “4 specific drugs possess a like vibratory rate as the diseases for which they are effective “these like vibratory rates hemovibrations of drugs owe their efficiency to their inherent radioactivity thus, an obsolete drug like gamboge painted on the chest in incipient tuberculosis will effect a symptomatic cure within a few weeks gamboge possesses the same vibratory rate as tuberculosis our conception that drug action is dependent on direct cellular contact is thus demolished “5 all forms of energy whether derived from heat, electricity or magnetism may be made to yield different rates of vibration and these rates corresponding to the diseases are utilized for their destruction ”if one accepts one of dr abrams’ theories, the possibilities ofsuch a piece of machinery as the “oscilloclast” would seem to loomlarge, not only in therapeutics, but also in economics all one needsto do, according to dr abrams, is to ascertain “the vibration rateof a drug” and then to substitute the same vibration as produced bythe “oscilloclast ” thus, if one substitutes the “vibratory rate ofatropin” for the drug itself “the mouth dries or the subject feels asif it were puckered ” conversely, if you switch the “oscilloclast” tothe pilocarpin vibratory rate, there is a copious flow of saliva therapeutic results with oscilloclastwhat essay of the lessees of the oscilloclast are accomplishing if weare to believe the clinical reports published in physico-clinicalmedicine may be gathered from the following quotations. “woman, age 52 -- diagnosis of acquired syphilis made by one of our most eminent clinicians ?. abrams test showed tuberculosis of the apex of the right lung no syphilis fourteen treatments with the oscilloclast at 5 patient gained fourteen pounds in three weeks now in perfect health ” “mechanic, age 22 -- acute acquired syphilis general eruption, throat, mouth symptoms and chancre thirteen treatments with the oscilloclast at 3, and splenic sterilization only complete abatement of all symptoms ” “woman, age 42 -- strep infection of the second upper cuspid tooth of three years’ standing well developed sinus regular discharge of pus eight treatments with the oscilloclast at 2 clinically cured ” “cancer of the pylorus and pylorectomy executed at the mayo clinic later, vomiting, severe pains, loss in weight, etc after the third treatment with “oscilloclast” pains ceased and, after 14 treatments, she was well and continued so when i last saw her ” “cancer of uterus inoperable severe uterine hemorrhages electrode of oscilloclast to cervix and hemorrhage ceased after second treatment after 14 treatments the patient declared she was well another case of the same character was followed by equally good results ” economic results with oscilloclastit also seems to be a great business-getter, as the followingtestimonials published by dr abrams show. “the oscilloclast has doubled my business ”-- s king, m d pa “i am doing good work with the oscilloclast in t b and when i get more room i shall want another machine ”-- h michener kas “we are swamped with work and our three cord oscilloclast is working to full capacity we are still astonishing the incredulous and keeping busy we must have another oscilloclast at once for there are so thesis here who demand treatment ”-- w p myers, m d cal the electrobioscopemore recently, dr abrams has extended his observations andexperiments, using what apparently is a modification of the oldfashioned pith ball suspended by a silk thread from a rubber rod withwhich we all experimented during our high school days this devicedr abrams has called the “electrobioscope ” it is for sale by thephysico-clinical co the “electrobioscope, ” in addition to doingthesis other things, has demonstrated to dr abrams the “sexualityof numbers and sounds ” thus, if the pith ball is charged negativelyand the numbers 1 to 9 are marked on a narrow board and the vowelsand consonants are marked on another board, it will be found-- stillaccording to dr abrams-- that even numbers repel the pith ball whileodd numbers attract it vowels repel and consonants attract “a femalehair repels and a male hair attracts ” from these data dr abramsdeduces that “even numbers and vowels are female and odd numbers andconsonants are male ”the value of music as a therapeutic agent is briefly touched on bydr abrams and we are told that the overture of “tannhäuser” willincrease the pulse rate whereas “meditation” diminishes blood pressureand pulse rate “in dogs, music augments elimination of carbonic acidand increases the consumption of oxygen ” love, says dr abrams, “isdependent upon matter in vibration and the passional component has awave metric index of 14 in both sexes ” in referring to legendary lore, dr abrams apparently assigns a scientific basis for the belief amongthe bucolic that carrying around a potato has therapeutic virtue thus.