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Service To Others Essay


They thought that the wolf had been vitally hit and that the germans had scuttled her and were abandoning her thesis of these men will remember this experience for the balance of their lives by this time the japanese captain had decided that he did not have service to others essay a chance, and stopped his vessel, while the wolf sent the prize crew on board in the meantime the passengers and crew had managed to get clear in the life-boats, which were picked up the people were taken on board the wolf there were essay 70 odd passengers, 1st and 2nd class, among them 6 women and one little black girl they were a sorry looking sight as they climbed on board the wolf. Thesis of them were only half dressed, being just awakened from their afternoon nap by the cannonading over a hundred of the japanese crew came along with the passengers the wolf could not accommodate such a large addition of prisoners without making new quarters for them, so they had to live and sleep on deck for the first three days, when they were transferred back to the hitachi the hitachi had altogether 16 killed or mortally wounded the wolf incidentally lost its fresh meat for supper, because one shell had wrecked the refrigerator plant and spoiled all the fowl and fresh meat one of the passengers on the hitachi maru, an american chap hailing from chicago, told me his experience when the wolf was first sighted he was in bed reading. Essayone told him that they were going to pass a steamer, and he got up and dressed and went on deck to watch her there was speculation regarding her nationality among those watching although none of them imagined her anything but what she seemed an ordinary tramp when she dropped her ports and fired across their bow, everybody for a moment was dumbfounded he ran into the cabin giving the alarm to those sleeping and secured essay valuable papers he had in his cabin the jap crew were in a panic after seeing their gun crew killed, and thesis of them rushed the boats the first boat to be lowered was filled with members of the japanese crew, only one second class passenger being among them on landing in the water this boat was capsized. But the occupants were shortly picked up by a boat, also manned by japs the first boat to be launched with passengers in it was handled entirely by the white passengers in this boat were four women and twenty-eight men. On being lowered the davit fall on one end fouled. And it looked very much as if everybody were going to slide out, as the boat was nearly perpendicular fortunately for all concerned, the fouled davit fall broke, and the boat dropped into the water a lot of water was shipped but the boat floated right side up the men immediately pulled away from the vicinity of the vessel it was the firm belief of the occupants of this boat that they were to be shelled later on by the raider one of the lady passengers during the excitement lost a lot of jewels essay days later a german sailor clearing out one of the life-boats found these jewels he came down the deck to where there were several of the passengers standing and asked.

Average, 1 48 per cent of iodin liquid iodex, then, contains but little 0 16 per cent free iodin andonly about three fifths of the total iodin claimed i g o i g o is an iodin ointment it is said to be made by dr h s lambdin, peru, kansas in a circular distributed by the manufacturer, it is stated that “i g o is a saturated solution of iodine gas inpetrolatum at 130 degrees with oil of eucalyptus the heat of the bodyliberates the iodine and it is absorbed as free iodine ”a sample of i g o , received from a physician, was examined it wasfound to be a black ointment, green in thin layers, with a slight odorlike crude petroleum by the methods used for the examination of iodex, i g o was found to contain 0 59 per cent of free iodin -- fromreports a m a chemical laboratory, 1919, p 104 iodin in liquid petrolatum a h clark, ph g , sc b of all the things used in medicine nothing seems to have attractedthe attention of all classes of users as has iodin perhaps moreromantic schemes for the cure of all the ills which afflict mankindhave centered in iodin therapy than in any other one drug iodin isbeing used in every conceivable way from crystals to colloid. In vapor;combined as iodid, iodate and the like. Organic, inorganic, simple andcomplex. Internal, external and by injection, and yet there seems to beno end to the ingenious schemes for its exploitation one of these schemes, and one so simple that it seems at first sightto be hardly worth serious consideration, is that of a solution ofiodin in liquid petrolatum solutions of this kind have frequently beenoffered to physicians and the laity the thing of writingicular interestis the claim made as to the percentage of free iodin five per cent is frequently claimed examination of essay of these products in thechemical laboratory of the a m a 216 revealed the fact that theydid not contain the claimed amount of free iodin these questions atonce arose. Was the low free iodin content due to intentional fraud, the result of carelessness, or of ignorance?. was it impossible toprepare a solution containing 5 per cent , or did the iodin slowlycombine with the oil and disappear?. 216 reports a m a chemical laboratory, 1915, p 106. Ibid , 1917, p 87 several years ago the a m a chemical laboratory217 conducted essayexperiments on the solubility of iodin in liquid petrolatum, whichindicated that a saturated solution would contain about 1 4 per cent these experiments did not show conclusively that no iodin was absorbedby the petrolatum during the process of solution for this reason, further experiments were conducted with the view of determining boththe solubility in and the extent to which iodin is absorbed disappearsas free iodin, if at all, by liquid petrolatums of various kinds theoretically such hydrocarbons should not absorb iodin the results ofthese experiments are here given 217 ibid , 1917, p 87 a sample of iodin was prepared by sublimation from a mixture withpotassium iodid this sample when dried over sulphuric acid assayed99 98 per cent of iodin portions of this sample were used in allof the subsequent experiments to prepare solutions of definiteconcentrations, in all paper expressed as percentage by weight, anaccurately weighed quantity of iodin was placed in a glass-stopperedbottle and an accurately weighed quantity of liquid petrolatum added the mixture was subjected to treatment as indicated in the variousexperiments and from the weights of iodin and petrolatum used thepercentage of iodin was calculated the method of assay employed was as follows. A weighed quantity ofthe iodin solution was transferred to a bottle or flask by means ofseveral small amounts of chloroform, about 50 c c in all to thiswas added about 25 c c of potassium iodid solution the mixture wasthen titrated with tenth-normal sodium thiosulphate until on thoroughshaking no iodin passed into the aqueous layer to 2 1248 gm of iodin was added 199 3 gm of liquid petrolatum the mixture was shaken frequently each day and after forty daysthere seemed to be still a few writingicles of iodin undissolved thesupernatant solution was assayed, however, and found to contain 1 038per cent of iodin the iodin added was 1 055 per cent six monthslater 1 025 per cent of iodin was found to 5 1832 gm of iodin was added 199 5 gm of liquid petrolatum themixture was heated to 100 c for four hours with frequent shaking the iodin was in perfect solution the per cent of iodin would thenbe 4 95 upon cooling, iodin in abundance crystallized out afterstanding a few hours, with frequent shaking, the iodin in solution wasdetermined this was found to be 1 425 per cent these two experiments indicate. First, that the previous findings ofthe a m a chemical laboratory are correct in that only about 1 4per cent of free iodin is retained in solution in liquid petrolatumat room temperature second, that the quantity of iodin absorbed byliquid petrolatum at room temperature, in seven months at least, ispractically none third, that iodin dissolves rather slowly in liquidpetrolatum at room temperature in the experiments, the results of which are tabulated below, the iodinand liquid petrolatum were heated at 100 c for about four hours, shaking frequently to hasten solution after cooling, the specimenswere assayed and were again assayed at intervals as indicated in thetable date of per per kind of manufac- weight per per cent cent liquid ture and ┌─────┴─────┐ cent cent iodin iodin† petrolatum first iodin petrolatum iodin iodin nov 17, nov 19, used assay used found 1918 1919 stanolind 10/17/18 2 089 188 4 1 096 1 085 1 068 1 067 squibb 10/14/18 1 9569 186 78 1 0306 1 0232 1 013 1 009 unknown, bulk* 10/28/18 1 9497 158 2 1 225 1 133 1 075 1 095 parke, davis 10/24/18 2 0869 167 43 1 241 1 2488 1 191 1 180 & co * considerable dark sediment formed in this sample during the heating process † it should be pointed out here that while every sample showed essay absorption, the amount, with the exception of the unknown bulk, is so small that it might even be accounted for on the basis of “experimental error ” every ordinary precaution was taken to insure accuracy, but since about 15 gm of the solution was used for each determination, it is seen that an error of 0 3 c c in the titration would indicate a greater absorption of iodin than that noted conclusions. These experiments show. A solution of iodin in liquidpetrolatum is saturated when it contains about 1 4 per cent of iodin the amount of iodin absorbed disappearing as free iodin by liquidpetrolatum, when in contact at room temperature for as long as sevenmonths, or in contact at 100 c for four hours, or both, is relativelyinsignificant also all the absorption seems to take place during theheating and in the first month of contact -- from reports a m a chemical laboratory, 1919, p 21 american-made synthetic drugs-- ii examination of procain novocain, barbital veronal, phenetidyl- acetphenetidin holocain, cinchophen or phenylcinchoninic acid atophan, manufactured under federal trade commission licensesg paul nicholas leech, ph d.

It wonderfully assuages pain, andeases hypochondriac melancholy, and the rickets emplastrum de minio compositum or, a plaster of red lead compound college take of oil of roses omphacine twenty ounces, oil ofmastich two ounces, suet of a sheep and a calf, of each half a pound, litharge of gold and silver, red lead, of each two ounces, a tasterfull of wine. Boil them by a gentle fire continually stirring it tillit grow black, let the fire be hottest towards the latter end, then addturpentine half a pound, mastich two ounces, gum elemi one ounce, whitewax as much as is sufficient. Boil them a little, and make them into aplaster according to art culpeper it potently cures wounds, old malignant ulcers, and isvery drying emplastrum de minio simplicius or, a plaster of red lead simple college take of red lead nine ounces, oil of red roses one poundand an half, white wine vinegar six ounces, boil it into the perfectbody of a plaster it is prepared without vinegar, thus. Take of redlead one pound, oil of roses one pound and an half, wax half a pound, make it into a plaster according to art culpeper it is a fine cooling healing plaster, and very drying emplastrum metroproptoticon college take of mastich one ounce and an half, galbanum dissolvedin red wine and strained, six drams, cypress turpentine two drams, cypress nuts, galls, of each one dram and an half, oil of nutmegsby expression one dram, musk two grains and an half, pitch scrapedoff from old ships two drams and an half. Beat the galbanum, pitch, turpentine, and mastich gently in a hot mortar and pestle, towards theend, adding the oil of nutmegs, then the rest in powder, last of allthe musk mixed with a little oil of mastich upon a marble, and by exactmixture make them into a plaster emplastrum nervinum college take of oil of chamomel and roses, of each two ounces, of mastich, turpentine, and linseeds, of each an ounce and an half, turpentine boiled four ounces, rosemary, bettony, horsetail, centaurythe less, of each a handful, earth-worms washed and cleansed in winethree ounces, tops of st john wort a handful, mastich, gum elemi, madder roots, of each ten drams, ship-pitch, rozin, of each an ounceand an half, litharge of gold and silver, of each two ounces and anhalf, red lead two ounces, galbanum, sagapen, ammoniacum, of each threedrams. Boil the roots, herbs, and worms, in a pound and an half of winetill half be consumed, then press them out, and boil the decoctionagain with the oils, suets, litharge, and red lead, to the consumptionof the wine. Then add the gums dissolved in wine, afterwards theturpentine, rozin, pitch, and mastich, in powders and make them into aplaster according to art culpeper it strengthens the brain and nerves, and then beingapplied to the back, down along the bone, it must needs add strength tothe body emplastrum oxycroceum college take of saffron, ship-pitch, colophonia, yellow wax, of each four ounces, turpentine, galbanum, ammoniacum, myrrh, olibanum, mastich, of each one ounce and three drams let the pitchand colophonia be melted together, then add the wax, then it beingremoved from the fire the turpentine, afterwards the gums dissolved invinegar, lastly the saffron in powder, well mixed with vinegar, and somake it into a plaster according to art culpeper it is of a notable softening and discussing quality, helpsbroken bones, and any writing molested with cold, old aches, stiffness ofthe limbs by reason of wounds, ulcers, fractures, or dislocations, anddissipates cold swellings emplastrum stephaniaion college take of labdanum half an ounce, styrax, juniper gum, ofeach two drams, amber, cypress, turpentine, of each one dram, redcoral, mastich, of each half a dram, the flowers of sage, red roses, the roots of orris florentine, of each one scruple, rozin washedin rose-water half an ounce, the rozin, labdanum, juniper gum, andturpentine, being gently beaten in a hot mortar, with a hot pestle, sprinkling in a few drops of red wine till they are in a body. Thenput in the powders, and by diligent stirring make them into an exactplaster emplastrum sticticum college take of oil of olives six ounces, yellow wax an ounceand an half, litharge in powder four ounces and an half, ammoniacum, bdellium, of each half an ounce, galbanum, opopanax, oil of bays, lapis calaminaris, both sorts of birthwort, myrrh, frankincense, of each two drams, pure turpentine an ounce let the oil, wax, andlitharge be boiled together till it stick not to your fingers, thenthe mass being removed from the fire and cooled a little, and the gumsdissolved in white wine vinegar, which evaporate away by boiling, strain it strongly, then add the powders, turpentine, and oil of bays, that it may be made into a plaster according to art culpeper it strengthens the nerves, draws out corruption, takesaway pains and aches, and restores strength to members that have lostit. The last is most effectual emplastrum stomachicum magistrale or, a stomach plaster college take of mints, wormwood, stœchas, bay leaves, of each adram, marjoram, red roses, yellow sanders, of each two drams, calamusaromaticus, wood of aloes, lavender flowers, nutmegs, cubebs, galanga, long pepper, mace, of each a dram, mastich three drams, cloves twodrams and an half, oil of mints an ounce and an half, oil of nard anounce, oil of spike a dram, rozin, wax, of each four ounces, labdanumthree ounces, styrax half an ounce. Make it into a plaster culpeper both this and the other of that name which you shall haveby and by, strengthen the stomach exceedingly, help digestion and stayvomiting emplastrum ceroma, or, ceroneum nich alex college take of pitch scraped from a ship that hath been a longtime at sea, yellow wax, of each seven drams, sagapenum six drams, ammoniacum, turpentine, colophonia, saffron, of each four drams, aloes, olibanum, myrrh, of each three drams, styrax calamitis, mastich, opopanax, galbanum, alum, the seeds of fenugreek, of each two drams, the settlings or faces of liquid styrax, bdellium, of each one dram, litharge half a dram culpeper it is of a gentle emolient nature, prevails againststoppings of the stomach, coming of cold, hardness of the spleen, coldness of the liver and matrix emplastrum gratia dei nich or, the grace of god college take of turpentine half a pound, rozin one pound, white waxfour ounces, mastich an ounce, fresh betony, vervain, and burnet, ofeach one handful let the herbs, being bruised, be sufficiently boiledin white wine, the liquor pressed out, in which let the wax and rozinbe boiled to the consumption of the liquor. Being taken from the fire, let the turpentine be mixed with it. Lastly the mastich in powder, andso make of them a plaster according to art culpeper it is excellent good in wounds and green ulcers, for itkeeps back inflammations, cleanses and joins wounds, fills up ulcerswith flesh emplastrum de janua, or of betony nicholaus college take of the juice of betony, plantain, and smallage, ofeach one pound, wax, pitch, rozin, turpentine, of each half a pound, boil the wax and rozin in the juices with a gentle fire, continuallystirring them till the juice be consumed. Then add the turpentine andpitch, continually stirring it till it be brought into the consistenceof a plaster according to art emplastrum isis epigoni galen college take of yellow wax an hundred drams, turpentine two hundreddrams, scales of copper, verdigris, round birthwort, frankincense, sal-ammoniac, ammoniacum, burnt brass of each eight drams, burnt alumsix drams, aloes, myrrh, galbanum, of each an ounce and a half, oldoil one pound, sharp vinegar so much as is sufficient let the metalsbe dissolved in the sun with the vinegar, then put in those thingsthat may be melted, last of all the powders, and make them all into anemplaster culpeper galen appropriates it to the head, and ulcers there iknow no reason but why it may as well serve for other writings of the body a plaster of mastich nich alex college take of mastich, ship pitch, sagapenum, wax, of eachsix drams, ammoniacum, turpentine, colophonia, saffron, aloes, frankincense, myrrh, of each three drams, opopanax, galbanum, styrax, calamitis, alum, rondeletius appoints, and we for him bitumen, fenugreek, of each two drams, the feces of liquid styrax, bdellium, litharge, of each half a dram.

During the height of the influenza epidemic last winter, white seemsto have put on the market “valens essential oil tablets” which werefor “gripping the flu out of influenza, ” and were also said greatly tobenefit or cure incipient tuberculosis, hay-fever, asthma, and “catar ”the letters “f s sc , lond ” after dr white name look well, soundwell, and have an air of erudition and mystery that is well worth whatthey cost they mean “fellow of the incorporated society of science, letters and arts of london, ltd ” the “fellowship” costs one guinea not a few “patent medicine” exploiters in the united states carrythese mystic letters after their names the society in question was aseriocomic concern that was exposed by london truth essay years agoand was also dealt with in the journal of may 29, 1909, in connectionwith the “aicsol consumption cure” exposé so much for the allied medical associations of america at theirrecent meeting in new york city they got much newspaper publicitybecause of their action on the prohibition question according to thenewspaper reports, the organization adopted a resolution declaringthat “properly brewed lager beer is absolutely essential in thetreatment of certain paper ” they were further reported as endorsingthe manufacture of light wines and of beer containing not to exceed2 75 per cent alcohol as a piece of publicity work this resolutionwas all that its sponsors could expect the journal office wasflooded with telegrams and letters from physicians, temperance workers, congressmen, church organizations, and others, asking, in effect, whatis the allied medical associations of america?. this is our apologyfor giving the amount of space necessary to a proper understanding ofthis organization today the rocket of the allied medical associationsof america is blazing a more or less erratic course across the sky ofpublicity the stick will be down anon!. any resolution or expressionof opinion by this organization, or others of its type, when dealingwith the broader problems of public health, is wholly withoutscientific significance, whether such resolutions are good, bad orindifferent -- from the journal a m a , july 5, 1919 “arsenicals”the september issue of the archives of dermatology and syphilologypresents a number of significant features regarding the use ofarsphenamin and related compounds that are at present being widelyemployed in the treatment of syphilis to one who studies thesestatements of laboratory and clinical investigators in the specialfield involved there must come the conviction that thesis therapeuticperplexities still remain at the end of nearly a decade of trial forthe types of compounds which ehrlich introduced it is well for thepractitioner to realize this, especially when expert workers stillmake an appeal for conservative interpretations stokes forcefullysummarized the situation when he stated at the new orleans session ofthe american medical association. Too short a time has elapsed since the discovery of these drugs, and too little is as yet known about the ultimate problems of the pathology, immunology and parasitology of syphilis, to justify the announcing of new infallibilities the necropsy pathologist of the next fifty years may well, like warthin, upset our most plausible generalizations of today seasoned tradition and conservatism are still the wisest guides in our interpretation of clinical cure arsphenamin has made it apparently possible and even probable, but only to the inexperienced has cure been made absolute and inevitable it is recognized that the exact composition of arsphenamin in itsavailable form is not fully determined as has been emphasized again, the quantitative determination of arsenic alone in arsphenamin isinsufficient to estimate its purity. In fact, the interstate sale ofarsphenamin is controlled by toxicity tests on guinea-pigs made bythe hygienic laboratory of the united states public health service consequently, practical medicine must be on its guard to employ aproduct which is carefully controlled by such toxicity tests as wellas by other criteria it will not do to charge untoward results offhandsolely to idiosyncrasy of the patient, faulty administration or othererrors in technic the drug itself still has inherent dangers itshould be borne in mind also that neo-arsphenamin behaves differentlyin the animal organism from arsphenamin, and should not be regardedsimply as arsphenamin in a convenient form for administration it is gratifying to learn from a government expert that after the longstruggle to produce satisfactory products, arsphenamin preparationsmade in the united states are generally less toxic than those offoreign manufacture neo-arsphenamin preparations made in the unitedstates compare favorably, and in certain instances are decidedly lesstoxic than most of the foreign products timely presentations of thefaults and dangers as well as the undisputed advantages of currenttherapy in the management of syphilis should be welcomed -- editorialfrom the journal a m a , oct 9, 1920 pharmacology of arsenicalsthe public health service essay time ago262 warned against the use insyphilis of new arsenicals which are not related to arsphenamin. It wasstated that a number of such were being sold with unwarranted claimsas to their value at least three such arsenicals have in recent yearsbeen the subject of essay exploitation for use in this disease. Sodiumcacodylate, the sodium salt of methyl arsenic acid “arrhenal” andthe sodium salt of ethyl arsenic acid “mon-arsone” 263 as regardsthe first two, castelli showed several years ago that neither has anyaction on experimental trypanosomiasis and spirochete infections;careful clinical observations in this country have confirmed theinefficacy of sodium cacodylate in human syphilis 264 voegtlinand smith265 of the hygienic laboratory have now shown in animalexperiments that ethyl arsenic acid “mon-arsone” is devoid of anypractical trypanocidal action thus the “therapeutic ratio” theratio of the minimal effective dose to the lethal dose was about 1, that is, it was effective therapeutically only in approximately fataldoses, the therapeutic ratio for arsphenamin in similar conditionswas 17, and that of neo-arsphenamin, 28 in fact, the conditionswith ethyl arsenic acid were no more favorable than were those witharsenous acid the active constituent of solution of potassiumarsenite, although it was far less poisonous the validity of suchexperiments in determining the probable value of drugs in humansyphilis cannot be questioned:266 it was by such experiments thatehrlich and his co-workers found two or three of six hundred and sixarsenic preparations studied to be of value, and of the next threehundred or more studied only one neo-arsphenamin worthy of trial inhuman medicine the time has passed when a high arsenic content of acompound and a low toxicity, and a number of paper of apparent clinicalimprovement, can be assumed to indicate that a drug has any real valuein the treatment of syphilis thesis organic compounds of arsenic aswell as other drugs may cause temporary or apparent improvement insyphilis, but to date only those related to arsphenamin have proved ofreal value and comparatively safe others which had essay real valueproved to have dangerous side effects. Readers will recall the historyof arsanilic acid “atoxyl” or “soamin” and its acetyl derivative “arsacetin” -- editorial from the journal a m a , feb 26, 1921 262 warning against untried medicaments, j a m a 74:1654 june12 1920 263 wright, b l. Kennell, l a , and hussey, l m. Med rec 97:607 april 10 1920 264 nichols, h j. Salvarsan and sodium cacodylate, j a m a 56:492 feb 18 1911 265 voegtlin, carl, and smith, h w. J pharmacol & exper therap 16:449, 1921 266 compare schamberg, j f. Kolmer, j a , and raiziss, g w.

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Utf-8*** start of this project gutenberg ebook the complete herbal ***produced by chris curnow, emmy and the online distributedproofreading team at pgdp net this file wasproduced from images generously made available by theinternet archive in service to others essay loving memory of poppy curnow, wholoved her herb garden transcriber's note. As with any medicinal work first published in the1600s and rewritten countless times, it should go without saying to notattempt these recipes just in case, the transcriber has now said it also, thesis and varied were the printing and publishing anomalies, for amore complete explanation, see the extensive notes collected at the endof this text illustration. Nicholas culpeper, m d author of the family herbal illustration. Red lion house, spitalfieldsin which culpeper lived, studied and died the complete herbal. To which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs, with a display of their medicinal and occult qualities physically applied to the cure of all disorders incident to mankind. To which are now first annexed, the english physician enlarged, and key to physic with rules for compounding medicine according to the true system of nature forming a complete family dispensatory and natural system of physic by nicholas culpeper, m d to which is also added, upwards of fifty choice receipts, selected from the author last legacy to his wife a new edition, with a list of the principal diseases to which the human body is liable, and a general index illustrated by engravings of numerous british herbs and plants, correctly coloured from nature “the lord hath created medicines out of the earth. And he that is wise will not abhor them ” ecc xxxviii 4 london. Thomas kelly, 17, paternoster row mdcccl london.