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Satire Essay Topics


Liquorice, anounce, satire essay topics raisins of the sun stoned, three ounces, annis seeds, and sweetfennel seeds, of each three drachms. Cinnamon, cloves, nutmegs, of eachtwo drachms. Cardamoms, cubebs, of each one drachm. Let the thingsbe cut that are to be cut, and the things be bruised that are to bebruised, all of them infused in twenty four pints of spanish wine, fortwenty four hours, then, distilled in an alembick, adding two ounces ofwhite sugar to every pint of distilled water let the first pint be called spirit of wormwood the greater composition culpeper the opinion of authors is, that it heats the stomach, and strengthens it and the lungs, expels wind, and helps digestion inancient people spiritus et aqua angelica magis composita or spirit and water of angelica, the greater composition the college take of the leaves of angelica eight ounces, of carduusbenedictus six ounces, of bawm and sage, of each four ounces, angelicaseeds six ounces. Sweet fennel seeds nine ounces let the herbs, beingdryed, and the seeds be grossly bruised, to which add of the speciescalled aromaticum rosarum. And of the species called diamoschu dulce, of each an ounce and a half, infuse them two days in thirty two pintsof spanish wine, then distil them with a gentle fire, and with everypound mix two ounces of sugar dissolved in rose-water let the three first pounds be called by the name of spirit, the rest bythe name of water culpeper the chief end of composing this medicine, was tostrengthen the heart and resist infection, and therefore is verywholeessay in pestilential times, and for such as walk in stinking air i shall now quote you their former receipt in their former dispensatory angelica water the greater composition the college take of angelica two pounds, annis seed half a pound, coriander and caraway seeds, of each four ounces, zedoary bruised, three ounces. Steep them twenty four hours in six gallons of smallwine, then draw out the spirit, and sweeten it with sugar culpeper it comforts the heart, cherishes the vital spirits, resists the pestilence, and all corrupt airs, which indeed are thenatural causes of epidemical diseases, the sick may take a spoonfulof it in any convenient cordial, and such as are in health, and havebodies either cold by nature, or cooled by age, may take as much eitherin the morning fasting, or a little before meat spiritus lavendula compositus matthiæ or compound spirit of lavender matthias the college take of lavender flowers one gallon, to which pourthree gallons of the best spirits of wine, let them stand togetherin the sun six days, then distil them with an alembick with thisrefrigeratory take of the flowers of sage, rosemary, and bettony, of each onehandful.

It helps windiness of the spleen, and pains in the sides thencecoming both outwardly applied to the place and inwardly taken, ithelps ruptures or such as are burst, it softens the hardness of thewomb, dries up the moisture thereof and expels the dead child bitumen jadaicum is a certain dry pitch which the dead sea, or lakeof sodom in india casts forth at certain times, the inhabitantsthereabouts pitch their ships with it it is of excellent use tomollify the hardness satire essay topics of swellings and discuss them, as also againstinflammations. The smoke of it burnt is excellently good for the fitsof the mother, and the falling-sickness. Inwardly taken in wineit provokes the menses, helps the bitings of venomous beasts, anddissolves congealed blood in the body ambergreese is hot and dry in the second degree, i will not disputewhether it be a gum or not. It strengthens nature much which waysoever it be taken, there are but few grains usually given of it at atime. Mixed with a little ointment of orange flowers, and the templesand forehead anointed with it, it eases the pains of the head andstrengthens the brain exceedingly. The same applied to the privities, helps the fits of the mother.

Medical jurisprudence, forensic medicine and toxicology - vol 1 of 4author satire essay topics. Rudolph august witthaus tracy chatfield beckerrelease date. May 23, 2015 ebook #49027language. Englishcharacter set encoding.

Nevertheless the prisonerwas found guilty of murder this case was speedily overruled 18 n y , 179, on the ground that a dangerous precedent had been pronounced so indispensable is the showing of the corpus delicti in paperof recognition that lawyers have come to regard even the judicialconfession of an accused as often the flimsiest and most unsatisfactorykind of evidence numerous paper of demonstrated fallibility ofconfessions are cited in the books, where the statement was utterlylacking in anything except motive or hallucination in the proceedingsof the new york medico-legal society, december 6th, 1876, mr jamesappleton morgan mentions the case of a german servant-girl whoassured her mistress, whose little boy, a child of seven, had justdied and been buried, that she the servant had poisoned the boy the servant swore to her crime and was taken into custody, and it wasonly when no poison was discovered upon exhuming the child body andexamining its stomach that against her own protest she was acquittedof the possibility of the crime another case of the kind that hashad medico-legal notoriety was tried a few years ago before a courtin brittany the accused declared that he had killed his servant andthrown the body in a pond his guilt seemed certain, when the allegedvictim put in an appearance, thus reducing the evidence to the strangehallucination that had prompted the confession but the most wonderful of these is the celebrated case of boorn, inwhich medico-legal evidence took no writing in view of the seeminghopelessness of his case, the accused confessed to murder inexpectation of mercy from the court, but was finally acquitted on thealleged victim walking into court and confronting the man who had swornto having killed him although wisdom and experience point to the necessity of showingessaything corporal and material in paper involving questions of lifeand death, yet very small traces or minute remains of a human body may, in certain circumstances, constitute a corpus delicti that may leadto trial if not to conviction in 1868 the lambert case, for murder onthe high seas, was tried before judge benedict in the united statescourt, the only corpus delicti alleged being a large pool of bloodand brains found on the forecastle of a ship at sea, out of sight ofland or other vessel circumstances, acts, and words pointed stronglyto the murder of one of the crew, who was believed to have been brainedwith an axe and thrown overboard notwithstanding the fact thatanimosity was known to exist between the accused and the missing man, it further appeared that the accused, in a state of great excitement, had followed the missing man forward and returned alone with a hatchetin his hand, yet the jury in this instance were not satisfied as tothe establishment of a corpus delicti beyond a reasonable doubt andaccordingly failed to convict two classical paper, that of gardelle and of dr webster, mentionedin thesis of the books, stand forth as instances of conviction wherefragments of the human body were recognized after attempts to destroythem by intense heat the conviction of dr webster rested almostentirely upon medico-legal evidence. But it is probable that upon thesame circumstantial evidence the increased industry of counsel wouldhave so rung the changes in regard to its uncertain and unsafe nature, and would have so used the knowledge gained from advanced discoveriesin the regions of the probabilities of science, as to have secured theacquittal of the prisoner had the trial taken place at the present time a similar affair of great medico-legal interest is the goss-udderzooktragedy, already referred to, an account of which is given by drs lewis and bombaugh among the “remarkable stratagems and conspiraciesfor defrauding life insurance companies, ” new york and london, 1878 identity of burnt remains the medical jurist will no doubt find cremation a formidable barrier inelucidating the question of identity, although the entire destructionof a dead body is a matter of extreme difficulty in the case of calcination chemical analysis of the ash would detectthe phosphate of lime, but this would throw no light upon thesubject, since the ash of human bones and that of the lower animalsis identical if the burnt bone is entire, the state of the epiphysesmay enlighten the question of the determination of age the followingtwo paper, in which fragments or portions of bone had been submittedto the action of fire, show how medical training and essay knowledge ofcomparative anatomy may contribute to the establishment of guilt or mayattest innocence in the case of the queen vs john henry wilson, for murder, theaccused burnt his step-father in a lime-kiln for over a week, and onstrewing ashes from the kiln fine fragments of bone picked up wereafterward identified as human at the trial identity rested on the factof finding two buttons and a buckle, which were recognized as writing ofthe deceased wearing apparel when last seen in the second case, that of a young woman supposed to be in the familyway who should not have been, it was thought that she had been confinedand made away with the infant under this supposition the premiseswhere she lived were searched by the chief constable, who found inthe stove essay bones and fragments of bones that had been burnt onexamination by a qualified medical man, the fragments turned out to benot human bones, but those of essay other animal, presumably those of apig and of a chicken, which the family, who lived in a tenement-housewithout a back yard, had put in the stove to get rid of the refuse 570identification of human bones in deciding whether certain bones are human or not, the medical juristshould exercise great caution in venturing an opinion as to the preciseanimal of which he may believe they formed a writing there is no greatdifficulty in detecting the smallest fragments of bone by means ofthe microscope, but we cannot say with safety whether the fragmentsbelonged to a mouse, a man, or an elephant a real difficulty occurs inrecognizing the nature and origin of the bony remains when only a smallfragment or a single bone is submitted for report if a sufficientportion of the skeleton be submitted it can be easily recognized ashuman, as in the imbedded remains of the troglodyte found in thelimestone deposit of luray cave, virginia, and only in the exceptionalcase of the bones of one of the manlike apes could a difficulty ofdistinction arise the characteristic signs that distinguish a gorillaskeleton, for instance, are the smaller thumb. Notable length of tibiaand of radius, although this relative length of extremities has beenremarked in negroes. Small facial angle, 30° to 40° in the monkey, 70°to 80° in man. Very inferior cranial capacity, the maximum in a gorillabeing 550 cubic centimetres, while the minimum in the human species isfrom 970 with a maximum of 1, 500 to 1, 900 centimetres. A low index ofthe foramen magnum. Convexity of the squamo-parietal suture, and largerand more salient canines and incisors the volume of the endocraniumin the female gorilla, like that of the human species, is smallerthan that of the male. This difference being almost 80 c c for theanthropoid female in studying the osseous system it should be remembered that certainmodifying elements, as artificial compression, pathologicaldeformities, posthumous distortions, and hygrometric conditions, mayaffect writingicularly the skull, and if due allowance be not made forthese the study may lead to glaring absurdities not longer ago than1725 there was found in a quarry at œningen the skull of a fossilbatrachian compressed into rude resemblance to the human cranium, whichwas announced to the world as scheuchzer “homo diluvii testis ettheoscopos, ” and as the remains of one of the sinful antediluvians whoperished in the noachic deluge are the bones old or recent?. An important point may arise in questions of identification of bones asto the oldness. Whether they are old or recent the first indicationis furnished by the presence or by the absence of the soft writings the existence of the periosteum and of the spinal marrow is the mostpersistent proof of a recent state. But these alone with the soft writingsare usually destroyed in two or three years in ordinary circumstancesa body becomes skeletonized in about ten years, although in exceptionalpaper the cadaver may resist decomposition after thesis years 571this summer in transferring an old cemetery in georgetown, d c , theremains of the grandmother of one of the writer patients were foundin such a state of preservation as to be easily recognized after fiftyyears of burial more recently, in unearthing the remains of an oldgraveyard in east washington, a striking peculiarity was noticed in thefact that thesis bodies of young people buried in recent years when takenup consisted of a few blackened bones and shreds of grave-clothes while the remains of thesis older people buried long before the civil warwere found in an excellent state of preservation one of these was amr fullin, who died from the effects of a sunstroke forty years agoand was buried in a metallic case an old lady who attended his funeralwas present when his remains were unearthed and said they looked asnatural as when he was laid away in 1852 the features were wellpreserved and even the white linen of the shroud was unsoiled alterations in the texture of the bone, such as that caused bydryness and by diminution in the proportion of organic matter, may beascertained by histological examination, and one of the characters ofage may be furnished by taking into consideration the specific weight placing the skull at an average density of 1, 649, that of an infantwould be 1, 515, an adult 1, 726, and that of old age 1, 636 ascertaining the proportion of organic and inorganic matter, thephosphates and carbonates, by chemical means may furnish an additionalhelp in the interpretation of the remains with all these diagnostic methods it may still be impossible toestablish identity either absolute or relative, even where a wholeskeleton is in question the evidence may, however, be of greatjuridical use to the accused, as in the case of van solen, tried forthe murder of dr henry harcourt, where the collective facts pointed tothe identification of a body dead two years the jury, however, after asecond trial, were instructed to acquit unless they were certain thatthe remains were harcourt they acquitted, as no one decided andapparent feature was known to have existed by which the remains couldbe identified beyond a doubt 572identity in case of entire skeleton or in case of isolated bones where an entire human skeleton has been discovered, the objects ofinquiry here, as in the case of fragments or remains, are to establishthe identity of the victim and that of the author of the act, and tocollect all available information relative to the nature of the deathand to the diverse circumstances attending the commission of the deed in gathering evidence from the examination of the skeleton or ofisolated bones, with a view to find out the probable cause of deathof the person of whom they form a writing, a great variety of questionswill arise for consideration, such as those relating to race, stature, age, sex, and trade or occupation. The exterior signs furnished bydentition. The traces of congenital peculiarity or of injury, and thesigns of disease either hereditary or acquired determination of race the question of race in connection with the subject of identificationis of more than usual importance in the united states, owing to ourmotley population, composed as it is of aboriginal americans, chinamen, negroes, and of europeans and their descendants i well remember thefirst human bones that i saw exhumed they were discovered in diggingthe foundation of a building near a kitchen-midden on one of thetributaries of the chesapeake bay the apparent oldness of the bonesand the finding of stone arrow-heads, tomahawks, and fragments ofaboriginal pottery in the immediate vicinity were additional accessoryfacts that strengthened the presumption of the bones being those of achoptank indian roughly speaking, there is not much trouble in recognizing theplatycnemic tibiæ of the mound-builder, the skull of a flathead indian, an inca skull, a negro skull, or even the skull peculiar to the lowerorder of irish in thesis very old skulls a considerable portion of hair is often foundattached this of course may lend assistance in the matter of raceidentity a few years since i undertook at the smithsonian institutiona series of micro-photographs of the structure and arrangement of hair, with a view to race classification as suggested by professor huxley various specimens of hair from the yellow races were compared withthat of fair and of blue-eyed persons, with the hair of negroes, withreindeer hair, and with the hair-like appendage found on the fringyextremity of the baleen plates in the mouth of a “bowhead” whale theexperiments, though far from satisfactory, were sufficiently conclusiveto enable one to recognize approximately the horse-like hair of essay ofthe yellow races, that of the negro, and that of a blond caucasian beyond the forementioned characteristics, the task of race recognitionfrom observation of the skull is one of great difficulty and perplexitywith illusory results a considerable experience of several years withthe large collection of skulls in the army medical museum enables me tospeak advisedly on this point 573although the technical procedures of craniometry require specialmeasurements and employ an arsenal of special instruments, the resultsare far from conclusive as regards the determination of human types time and space do not permit the mention even in epitome of thevarious methods most relied upon by trained craniologists among theoldest operations of cephalometry, as well as the most incomplete, is the measurement of the so-called facial angle, which is employedto distinguish the skull of a lower order of animal from that of thenegro and the white man this angle, acute in the skulls of the loweranimals, approaches a right angle as we ascend the zoological scale;being from 30° to 65° in the various apes. 75° in the mongolian. About70° in the negro, and between 80° and 90° for whites the prognathous projecting jaws of the negro cranium are distinctive, as well asthe shape of the nasal opening, which in the black is an equilateraltriangle, while it is isosceles in the white the books usually speakof the eskimo skull as pyramidal, which in point of fact is not true inspection and examination of a large collection of eskimo craniahas changed and greatly modified essay of the previous notions of theconventional eskimo skull from more than one hundred, collected in thevicinity of bering strait, 574 i find that the skulls present veryconsiderable variations among themselves. Essay being brachycephalic, others dolichocephalic in thesis the facial angle is 80°, and inone instance 84°, which exceeds that observed by me in thesis germanskulls nor is the prominence of the zygomatic arches such a constantdifference in the configuration as to justify one in speaking of theskull as pyramidal on the contrary, in thesis of the specimens linesdrawn from the most projecting writing of the zygomatic arch and touchingthe sides of the frontal bone, instead of forming a triangle on beingelongated, might, like the asymptotes of a parabola, be extended toinfinity and never meet the index of the foramen magnum in theseskulls is about the same as that of european crania the internalcapacity shows marked difference, the cubic contents of the endocraniumaveraging that of the french or germans as essay modern writers lay great stress on the measurement of thecranial capacity, not only as an aid to race identification, but as anadjunct in the study of the criminal and insane classes, it may not beamiss to give the salient facts relative thereto it is admitted that the cranial capacity may vary with the intellectualstate, hydrocephalic skulls, of course, being excluded microcephalicadults give a figure inferior to that of gorillas, essay being as lowas 419 c c andaman islanders and autochthonous australians appear, inrespect to cranial capacity, to be most badly off the capacity of anandaman has been found as low as 1, 094 c c. While that of australians autochthonous and of essay american tribes show an average capacityof 1, 224 c c in the normal as well as in their deformed crania thecranial capacity increases in the yellow races and attains its maximumin the white races in the middle european race 1, 500 c c may beaccepted as the average.

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Outwardly it is aspecial herb for wounds nymphea see the flowers ocynum basil, hot and moist the best use that i know of it, is, itgives speedy deliverance to women in travail let them not take abovehalf a dram of it at a time in powder, and be sure also the birth beripe, else it causes abortion oleæ folia olive leaves. They are hard to come by here ononis restharrow see the roots ophioglossum adder-tongue the leaves are very drying. Beingboiled in oil they make a dainty green balsam for green wounds. Takeninwardly, they help inward wounds origanum origany. A kind of wild marjoram. Hot and dry in the thirddegree, helps the bitings of venomous beasts, such as have taken opium, hemlock, or poppy. Provokes urine, brings down the menses, helps oldcoughs. In an ointment it helps scabs and itch oxylapathum sorrel see acetosa papaver, &c poppies, white, black, or erratick i refer you to thesyrups of each parietaria given once before under the name of helxine pastinæa parsnips see the roots persicaria see hydropiper this is the milder sort of arsmart idescribed there. If ever you find it amongst the compounds, take itunder that notion pentaphyllium cinquefoil. Very drying, yet but meanly hot, if atall.