History

Revolutionary War Essay


And on the night of september 6th the wolf laid over one hundred mines across the northwest approach to the entrance of the singapore harbour going up the java sea, we were continually sighting vessels, and it was only the barefaced gall of the wolf that saved her from destruction less than a month previous to this the australian government had sent wireless messages broadcast stating that there was a raider essaywhere in the south pacific or indian oceans, and giving a complete description of the wolf yet here we were, steaming calmly along as if bound for singapore, meeting thesis merchantmen, and at one time one of the officers said he could see the smoke from five torpedo boats steaming along in squadron section when the wolf would pass another vessel close to, she would usually have only a couple of men about the decks doing odd jobs of painting and repairing i believe that it was the innocent appearance of the wolf which led to her safety she ignored all signals which is characteristic of the merchantman the night before the wolf mined singapore harbour we had a narrow escape from being discovered at 11:30 p m , just as i was dozing off to sleep on my bed on the floor, i heard the call to stations and sprang up to see what it was all about i looked out-of-doors and saw the two ship's surgeons passing aft, both with their first aid kits strapped to their waists slipping to the rail i saw that all four cannon were swung into position, clear for battle, and i could also see that both of the wolf's torpedo tubes were protruding over the side just on the port bow was a small cruiser or battleship from where i stood i could see her funnels and two masts, also the outline of her hull she was travelling without lights, revolutionary war essay the same as we were i slipped back into my room, closed the door and switched on the light i dressed my little girl while my wife got into her clothes this did not take long as we always slept with our clothes in such a position that we could get into our "emergency outfit" in short order every moment while dressing i expected to hear and feel the crash of the wolf's guns, but fortunately the other fellow didn't see us, and in a few minutes the signal was given to swing the guns in the danger was past, but there was a mighty nervous crew of men on board the wolf that night on the other hand, it was perhaps just as well for the japanese cruiser that he did not spot us, because the minute he had made any signal and given us any indication that he had seen us, the wolf would have launched both torpedos and given him a broadside, and at that short range they could not have missed very well personally i was satisfied the way things turned out, as i did not like my chances of getting the family into a boat under the circumstances, neither did i have any wish to be present when the actual firing began while counting my chances of getting the family safely into the boats, should an engagement ensue, i thought of just how much chance the poor devils down in the hell hole had of being saved they would have been battened down and probably would have gone down with the vessel, should she have been sunk, without a fighting chance for their lives even if the german crew had released them at the last moment, what chance did they have of being saved?. under the most favourable circumstances the wolf's equipment of life-boats and rafts was probably sufficient for only three hundred and fifty at the outside, and there was a total of about seven hundred on board it would be only natural for the german crew to have the life-saving equipment themselves and our poor chaps would have been left to drown, there being no articles of an inflammable or floating description around her decks on the wall of my room was a typewritten notice over commander nerger's signature, stating that in event of the wolf's engaging an enemy a boat would be lowered and the women, children and medicos would be placed in same, under my charge this provided that there was sufficient time and the weather conditions favourable i could imagine just about how thesis chances we had that there would be sufficient time to execute this manœuvre however, this sign served the very good purpose of alleviating the women's anxieties to a certain extent it is quite possible that this was the only reason this notice was given us however, i am grateful for the writing it played the preceding was the tensest crisis in the wolf's fifteen months' history commander nerger sent down word to me afterwards that it was a japanese man-of-war, and to keep the news from my wife if possible the next night, september 6th, the wolf, which was primarily a minelayer and not a raider, laid ninety-eight mines at a distance of from seven and a half to ten miles off shore the lights of singapore were plainly visible from the port-hole on this occasion i was locked in the room for about two hours, but it was not difficult to count the "eggs" as they were being laid, for the mines came up out of no 3 hatch on an elevator and were conveyed aft to the "chute" on a small rail car which had a flat wheel, and i could hear it going along the deck "humpety-hump, humpety-hump " i estimated that it took about one hour and forty minutes to lay these ninety-eight mines from off singapore we practically retraced our steps back through the java sea and entered the indian ocean on october 9th, passing between the islands of java and canor we then proceeded to the northward and westward until we arrived on the trade route running from colombo to delagoa bay here wolf cruised around slowly for a day or so, crossing and recrossing the route at regular intervals while lying here waiting for the prey, the wireless man told me he could hear several cruisers working their wireless and that there was one british cruiser patrolling the straits of malacca, one at bombay, two lying in the harbour of colombo the venus and the vulcan, i believe and another at a naval station in the mauritius islands all this time the bird, i e , the wolf's hydroplane, had been down below in the hole undergoing general repairs from an accident she had had, which nearly ended her activities and drowned both of the operators essay two weeks previous, while she was rising from the water and at a height of about sixty metres, essaything suddenly went wrong with the balancing mechanism and the plane made a dive for the sea, which she hit at a terrific speed. The back wings and the pontoons or boats were completely demolished the mechanic and the observing lieutenant were catapulted into the sea and had much difficulty in swimming back to the wreck, which had the appearance of a gigantic bird sitting on its nose with its tail standing up in the air it reminded me of an ostrich with its head buried in the sand the bonnet around the engine and mechanic's seat, in all seaplanes of this description, is watertight, so that in case of an accident of this kind the weight of the engine will not cause it to sink however, in this case, one of the struts supporting the pontoons had caused this watertight bonnet to leak and, although both operators baled for dear life, the water gained on them steadily when the rescuing launch finally arrived alongside the machine it was just on the verge of sinking the crew of the launch tied the machine to the launch with ropes in such a manner that it could not sink and the whole outfit was hoisted on board the wolf all six cylinders of the engine were cracked and the "bird" appeared a total wreck however, the "aeroplane" squad set to work and repaired the planes and put spare cylinders on the engine. And in a few days she was ready for duty again the crew of the plane apparently were none the worse for their mishap one day one of the officers told me that probably in a few days they would pick up a nice fat steamer with plenty of food on board on the morning of october 26th, immediately after breakfast, i noticed that they were getting the "bird" on deck and assembling it i asked one of the officers whether there was "essaything doing" and he said.

, capsicum and tobacco the combination is thoroughly irrational and a reminder of a pastcentury further, the council knows of no evidence to support thefollowing claims. “as a stimulant capsicum has the power of neutralizing depressant remedies like lobelia and tobacco ” “our association of its desirable constituents with those of lobelia, in connection with the modifying influence of capsicum, melaleuca, and laurus camphora, permits a more free use in libradol than would be possible were it to be employed alone ” “capsicum, melaleuca, and laurus camphora in libradol tend to counteract the excessive relaxative and depressant effects of lobelia ” “the great value of melaleuca in libradol is its quality of modifying and controlling the action of the associated energetic constituents of the drugs tobacco and lobelia, which reduce congestion and inflammation, but which would, unsupported, be too depressant ”libradol is inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because itscomposition is complex, irrational and semi-secret, and because itsname and the unwarranted therapeutic recommendations made for it willlead to its ill-advised use -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1920, p 65 helmitol omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryhelmitol is hexamethylenamin methylencitrate it was introduced withthe claim that it was superior to hexamethylenamin-- which acts in acidfluids only-- in that it is equally efficient whether the urine isalkaline or acid in 1918 the bayer company, which then marketed the product in theunited states, was notified that the council questioned the claims madefor helmitol and desired evidence to substantiate them in 1919 thesame notification was sent the winthrop chemical company, which in themeantime had secured control of the product pending the submissionof the evidence, the council continued the acceptance of helmitolfor new and nonofficial remedies with the statement that the actionsand uses of hexamethylenamin anhydromethylencitrate were those ofhexamethylenamin w a puckner, secretary the following report on helmitol was made by the referee in charge ofhexamethylenamin compounds and preparations, adopted by the council andsent the winthrop chemical company:“helmitol is a compound of anhydromethylencitric acid andhexamethylenamin it was introduced with the claim that it would beantiseptic even in alkaline urine the council did not entirely trustthe evidence, but continued to list helmitol in n n r , merely asa salt of hexamethylenamin, until satisfactory data should becomeavailable these have now been furnished by hanzlik journal ofurology 4:145 who has shown that:“1 the alkalinity required to split off formaldehyd fromanhydromethylencitric acid is greater than exists in the urine, even inadvanced ammoniacal fermentation “2 even if any formaldehyd were liberated in ammoniacal fermentation, it would at once become inactive by combining with ammonia “3 urine after the administration of anhydromethylencitric acidactually putrefies readily “4 less than 5 per cent of the anhydromethylencitric radical reachesthe urine, the remainder being destroyed in the body “the only reason for the existence of helmitol was this claim ofantiseptic action in alkaline and putrefying urines since this hasbeen disproved, there remains no reason for retaining helmitol inn n r. On the contrary, its retention would only tend to continuethe fallacy on which it is based “it is, therefore, recommended that helmitol be no longer listed withnew and nonofficial remedies, and that this report be published, afterthe usual submission to the manufacturers ”in accordance with the recommendation of the report, the council hasdirected the omission of helmitol from new and nonofficial remediesand has authorized the publication of this report -- from the journala m a , jan 22, 1921 spirocide not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary “spirocide” the spirocide corporation of new york is advertised as anew and successful treatment of syphilis by fumigation and inhalation according to the information presented to the council, spirocide is amechanical mixture of metallic mercury 25 per cent , copper sulphate 25per cent , cypress cones 20 per cent , henna 20 per cent , nut gall 5per cent , and dried pomegranate 5 per cent it is supplied in the formof greenish-gray tablets weighing about 10 gm each, and containing, therefore, about 2 5 gm about 38 grains of mercury it is sold inpackages of six tablets the following directions for its use are contained in a pamphletrecently distributed. “spirocide is administered by means of fumigation and inhalation the patient is disrobed to the waist and placed in a light chair, preferably with arms a pastil or tablet of spirocide is placed on a small plate, or open receptacle, after being ignited by holding in a gas or alcohol flame for a minute or so until it begins to smoulder the plate with the burning spirocide is then placed on the floor between the patient feet or just under the chair a small shelf or platform between the lower rounds of the chair is an excellent location for the plate containing the burning mass when all is in position a sheet should be thrown over the patient and arranged to enclose the whole the patient should breathe naturally and inhale the vapor, which will rise and fill the canopy surrounding him the treatment will require 15 to 30 minutes, or until the spirocide is burned up the patient may complain at first of a slight choking sensation, and there may be essay tendency to cough this can be removed by raising the sheet long enough to let in a little clear air the eyes should be closed or lightly bandaged to avoid smarting ”experiments conducted in the a m a chemical laboratory show thatspirocide, when ignited, burns slowly with consequent volatilizationof mercury the several organic constituents serve as fuel and thecopper sulphate possibly acts as a regulator of the combustion duringthe burning process the cypress cones, henna, etc , are consumed butmost, if not all, the copper remains behind, the mercury only beingvaporized it is asserted in the advertising pamphlet that spirocide isindicated in all stages of syphilis, primary, secondary and tertiary, and in all its complications or sequelae in these varying conditionsone tablet daily or every other day is recommended until six treatmentshave been taken, though it is stated that “occasionally, depending onthe severity or the duration of the disease, it may be wise to givenine treatments, the last three at intervals of two, three or moredays ”essay of the results which it is claimed are obtained with spirocide are. “at the completion of this course of treatment with spirocide, all signs or evidences of syphilis are removed, and in ten days to three months all wassermann tests prove negative any further treatments than the original course of fumigations are rarely needed wassermann will be found uniformly negative after a period which, according to the patient, may vary from ten days to three months these results have been obtained in paper in which salvarsan and kindred preparations have been employed without the slightest benefit ”in a letter to the council the “scientific observer” of the spirocidecorporation declared.

To the distilled liquor add earth oflemnos, siletia, and samos, of each one ounce and an half, pearlsprepared with the juice of citrons, three drams, mix them, and keepthem together culpeper it mightily cools the blood, and therefore profitablein fevers, and all diseases proceeding of heat of blood. It provokessleep you may take half an ounce at a time, or two drams if the writingybe weak aqua theriacalis or treacle water college take of the juice of green walnuts, four pounds, the juiceof rue three pounds, juice of carduus, marigolds, and bawm, of each twopounds, green petasitis roots one pound and a half, the roots of bursone pound, angelica and master-wort, of each half a pound, the leavesof scordium four handfuls, old venice treacle, mithridates, of eacheight ounces, canary wine twelve pounds, vinegar six pounds, juice oflemons two pounds, digest them two days, either in horse-dung, or ina bath, the vessel being close shut, then distil them in sand. In thedistillation you may make a theriacal extraction culpeper this water is exceeding good in all fevers, especiallypestilential. It expels venomous humours by sweat. It strengthens theheart and vitals. It is an admirable counter-poison, special good forsuch as have the plague, or are poisoned, or bitten by venomous beasts, and expels virulent humours from such as have the venereal disease if you desire to know more virtues of it, see the virtues of venicetreacle the dose is from a spoonful to an ounce aqua brioniæ composita or briony water compound college take of the juice of briony roots, four pounds, the leavesof rue and mugwort, of each two pounds, dryed savin three handfuls, featherfew, nep, pennyroyal, of each two handfuls, bazil, dittany, ofcrete, of each one handful and a half, orange pills four ounces, myrrhtwo ounces, castoreum one ounce, canary wine twelve pounds, digestthem four days in a convenient vessel, then still them in balneomariæ. About the middle of the distillation strain it out, and make anhysterical extraction of the residue culpeper a spoonful of it taken, eases the fits of the mother inwomen that have them. It potently expels the afterbirth, and clears thebody of what a midwife by heedlessness or accident hath left behind. Itcleanses the womb exceedingly, and for that i fancy it much, take notabove a tasterful at a time, and then in the morning fasting, for it isof a purging quality, and let pregnant women forbear it aqua imperialis or imperial water the college take of dried citron, and orange pills, nutmegs, cloves, cinnamon, of each two ounces, the roots of cypress, orris, florentine, calamus aromaticus, of each one ounce, zedoary galanga, ginger, of each half an ounce, the tops of lavender and rosemary, ofeach two handfuls, the leaves of bay, marjoram, bawm, mints, sage, thyme, of each one handful, the flowers of white and damask rosesfresh, of each half a handful, rose-water four pounds, white wine eightpounds, let all of them be bruised and infused twenty four hours, thendistil them according to art culpeper you must distil it in a bath, and not in sand. It comfortsand strengthens the heart against faintings and swoonings, and is heldto be a preservative against consumptions and apoplexies you may takehalf a spoonful at a time aqua mirabilis college take of cloves, galanga, cubebs, mace, cardamoms, nutmegs, ginger, of each one dram, juice of celandine half a pound, spirits ofwine one pound, white wine three pounds, infuse them twenty-four hours, and draw off two pounds with an alembick culpeper the simples also of this, regard the stomach, andtherefore the water heats cold stomachs, besides authors say itpreserves from apoplexies, and restores lost speech aqua protheriacalis college take of scordium, scabius, carduus, goat rue, of each twohandfuls, citron and orange pills, of each two ounces, the seeds ofcitrons, carduus, hartwort, treacle, mustard, of each one ounce, theflowers of marigolds and rosemary, of each one handful, cut them, andbruise them grossly, then infuse them in four pounds of white wine, andtwo pounds of carduus water, in a glass, close stopped, and set it inthe sun of bath for a fortnight, often shaking it, then distil it inbalneo mariæ let the two first pounds be kept by themselves for use, and the remainder of the distillation by itself. Lastly, mix one ounceof julep of alexandria, and a spoonful of cinnamon water with eachpound culpeper aqua protheriacalis, signifies a water for treacle, sothen if you put diascoridum to it, it is a water for diascoridum. Wellthen, we will take it for a general water for all physick aqua caponis or capon water college take a capon the guts being pulled out, cut in pieces, thefat being taken away, boiled in a sufficient quantity of spring-waterin a close vessel, take of this broth three pounds borrage andviolet-water, of each a pound and a half, white wine one pound, redrose leaves two drams and an half, the flowers of borrage, violets andbugloss, of each one dram, pieces of bread, hot out of the oven, halfa pound, cinnamon bruised, half an ounce, distil it in a glass stillaccording to art culpeper the simples are most of them appropriated to the heart, and in truth the composition greatly nourishes and strengthens suchas are in consumptions, and restores lost strength, either by feversor other sickness. It is a sovereign remedy for hectic fevers, andmarasmos, which is nothing else but a consumption coming from them letsuch as are subject to these diseases, hold it for a jewel aqua limacum magistr or water of snails college take of the juice of ground ivy, colt-foot, scabious, lungwort, of each one pound and a half, the juice of purslain, plantain, ambrosia, paul bettony, of each a pound, hog blood, whitewine, of each four pounds, garden snails, two pound, dried tobaccoleaves eight, powder of liquorice two ounces, of elecampane half anounce, of orris an ounce, cotton seeds an ounce and a half, the greatercold seeds, annis seeds of each six drams, saffron one dram, theflowers of red roses, six pugils, of violets and borrage, of each fourpugils, steep them three days warm, and then distil them in a glassstill, in sand culpeper it purges the lungs of flegm and helps consumptions there if you should happen to live where no better nor readier medicine canbe gotten, you may use this aqua scordii composita or compound water of scordium college take of the juice of goat rue, sorrel, scordium, citrons, of each one pound, london treacle, half a pound, steep it three days, and distil it in sand culpeper a tasterful taken in the morning, preserves from ill airs aqua mariæ college take of sugar candy a pound, canary wine six ounces, rosewater four ounces.

“1 physiologic phenomena are manifestations of electronic energy “2 pathologic phenomena are manifestations of perturbed electronic energy “3 the energy in health and disease has an invariable and definite rate of vibration determinable by the electronic reactions “4 specific drugs possess a like vibratory rate as the diseases for which they are effective “these like vibratory rates hemovibrations of drugs owe their efficiency to their inherent radioactivity thus, an obsolete drug like gamboge painted on the chest in incipient tuberculosis will effect a symptomatic cure within a few weeks gamboge possesses the same vibratory rate as tuberculosis our conception that drug action is dependent on direct cellular contact is thus demolished “5 all forms of energy whether derived from heat, electricity or magnetism may be made to yield different rates of vibration and these rates corresponding to the diseases are utilized for their destruction ”if one accepts one of dr abrams’ theories, the possibilities ofsuch a piece of machinery as the “oscilloclast” would seem to loomlarge, not only in therapeutics, but also in economics all one needsto do, according to dr abrams, is to ascertain “the vibration rateof a drug” and then to substitute the same vibration as produced bythe “oscilloclast ” thus, if one substitutes the “vibratory rate ofatropin” for the drug itself “the mouth dries or the subject feels asif it were puckered ” conversely, if you switch the “oscilloclast” tothe pilocarpin vibratory rate, there is a copious flow of saliva therapeutic results with oscilloclastwhat essay of the lessees of the oscilloclast are accomplishing if weare to believe the clinical reports published in physico-clinicalmedicine may be gathered from the following quotations. “woman, age 52 -- diagnosis of acquired syphilis made by one of our most eminent clinicians ?. abrams test showed tuberculosis of the apex of the right lung no syphilis fourteen treatments with the oscilloclast at 5 patient gained fourteen pounds in three weeks now in perfect health ” “mechanic, age 22 -- acute acquired syphilis general eruption, throat, mouth symptoms and chancre thirteen treatments with the oscilloclast at 3, and splenic sterilization only complete abatement of all symptoms ” “woman, age 42 -- strep infection of the second upper cuspid tooth of three years’ standing well developed sinus regular discharge of pus eight treatments with the oscilloclast at 2 clinically cured ” “cancer of the pylorus and pylorectomy executed at the mayo clinic later, vomiting, severe pains, loss in weight, etc after the third treatment with “oscilloclast” pains ceased and, after 14 treatments, she was well and continued so when i last saw her ” “cancer of uterus inoperable severe uterine hemorrhages electrode of oscilloclast to cervix and hemorrhage ceased after second treatment after 14 treatments the patient declared she was well another case of the same character was followed by equally good results ” economic results with oscilloclastit also seems to be a great business-getter, as the followingtestimonials published by dr abrams show. “the oscilloclast has doubled my business ”-- s king, m d pa “i am doing good work with the oscilloclast in t b and when i get more room i shall want another machine ”-- h michener kas “we are swamped with work and our three cord oscilloclast is working to full capacity we are still astonishing the incredulous and keeping busy we must have another oscilloclast at once for there are so thesis here who demand treatment ”-- w p myers, m d cal the electrobioscopemore recently, dr abrams has extended his observations andexperiments, using what apparently is a modification of the oldfashioned pith ball suspended by a silk thread from a rubber rod withwhich we all experimented during our high school days this devicedr abrams has called the “electrobioscope ” it is for sale by thephysico-clinical co the “electrobioscope, ” in addition to doingthesis other things, has demonstrated to dr abrams the “sexualityof numbers and sounds ” thus, if the pith ball is charged negativelyand the numbers 1 to 9 are marked on a narrow board and the vowelsand consonants are marked on another board, it will be found-- stillaccording to dr abrams-- that even numbers repel the pith ball whileodd numbers attract it vowels repel and consonants attract “a femalehair repels and a male hair attracts ” from these data dr abramsdeduces that “even numbers and vowels are female and odd numbers andconsonants are male ”the value of music as a therapeutic agent is briefly touched on bydr abrams and we are told that the overture of “tannhäuser” willincrease the pulse rate whereas “meditation” diminishes blood pressureand pulse rate “in dogs, music augments elimination of carbonic acidand increases the consumption of oxygen ” love, says dr abrams, “isdependent upon matter in vibration and the passional component has awave metric index of 14 in both sexes ” in referring to legendary lore, dr abrams apparently assigns a scientific basis for the belief amongthe bucolic that carrying around a potato has therapeutic virtue thus. “a cut potato carried on the person prevents elicitation of the stomach reflex when the negative pole of a bar-magnet is presented to the stomach region whereas the positive pole will evoke dulness ”it seems also that the “rheumatic rings” of iron “when worn yield aneutral energy which prevents the elicitation of the stomach reflexby either pole of a bar-magnet ” we learn, too, that the divining rod“no longer belongs to occultism but is entitled to consideration as ascientific fact ”dr abrams also has investigated methods whereby the sex of the fetusmay be diagnosed in the human these investigations have, apparently, been so limited as to permit only tentative conclusions in the case ofeggs of the domestic fowl, dr abrams reports that with four eggs thatyielded negative polarity, the result of incubation was four hens offive eggs yielding a positive polarity only two hatched, one was a henand one a rooster, giving an “error in observation ” three eggs testedyielded neutral polarity and “as predicted the eggs were sterile ” incase of an egg yielding a negative female polarity “an attempt wasmade to reverse the sex by painting one end of the egg with a yellowcoloring material ” the result was a rooster much more might be written about what one of our correspondents callsthe wonderful things they are doing in the west, but space forbids “neither the fury of tongue, ” says dr abrams in the preface to hisbook, new concepts in diagnosis and treatment, “nor the truculenceof pen can discredit the author observations which are capableof analyzation and demonstration ” if there is any scientificfoundation for the marvels that dr abrams so picturesquely features, the scientific world has not yet found it out!. -- from the journala m a , march 25, 1922 dr abrams’ graduationin this dewritingment of the journal for march 25 appeared an article ondr albert abrams and essay of his discoveries we have now receiveda letter from a physician, who asks that his name be not published, reading. “to the editor:-- i notice in your article on albert abrams the statement that he was born in 1864 and received his degree of m d in heidelberg 1882. If these data are furnished by himself and not a typographical error-- though i find the same data in the american medical directory for 1916-- then it is high time that essay board of censors should make a careful examination of his credentials “anybody, like myself, who is acquainted with medical matters in gerthesis knows that it is preposterous to assume that anybody could obtain the degree of m d in any german university at the age of 18 years m d , leipzig ”eighteen is rather young to receive an m d degree from heidelberg!. By again going over the various sources of information available thefollowing data were collected. In polk medical directory for 1886 dr abrams’ name appears as a graduate of the university of heidelberg, 1882, and of cooper medical college in 1883 the records we havefrom these two institutions confirm these dates the year of dr abrams’ birth seems less clear in the early writing of 1902 the americanmedical association sent dr abrams a blank for him to fill out for apermanent record this was returned in due course and, according toit, dr abrams was born in san francisco dec 8, 1863 this same dateappears in various editions of “who who in america ” a blank sent bythe a m a directory dewritingment to dr abrams in 1908 asking for apersonal biographical report was returned aug 20, 1908. It gave dr abrams’ date of birth as dec 8, 1864 a similar blank sent in theearlier writing of 1909 was returned giving the same birth date we learn, however, that an affidavit executed in 1917 states that albert abramswas born in san francisco dec 8, 1862 just how long dr abrams attended heidelberg university before he wasgranted the m d degree, we do not know apparently, at that time thestandards for admission to that institution were not especially severeand the length of time one would have to attend before being admittedto an examination seems to have depended on the educational credentialsthat the matriculant offered what credentials dr abrams submitted, we do not know assuming that the earliest date 1862 represents dr abrams’ date of birth, he could have been but twenty years old whenhe received his m d from heidelberg this indicates a precocity thatmight have forecast dr abrams’ later achievements throughout the records of dr abrams’ educational credentials thereappears the statement that he also graduated from the “universityof portland” in 1892, receiving the degree of a m from referencesavailable we have been unable to find any record of a “university ofportland ”-- from the journal a m a , april 8, 1922 a defense by upton sinclaira essaywhat voluminous letter has been received from mr upton sinclair, which is a defense of dr albert abrams of san francisco we publishmr sinclair letter because we believe it is written in honesty andsincerity-- and because the journal readers will enjoy it!. it is worthmentioning in this connection that mr sinclair in his latest bookdevotes a few pages to a eulogy of dr abrams and his methods thismaterial has not only been reproduced by dr abrams in his “houseorgan” physico-clinical medicine but is reprinted in leaflet form andis being distributed by essay of the individuals who are exploiting theabrams methods such reprints have been sent to this office by bothlaymen and physicians mr sinclair’ letterto the editor -- a few weeks ago you published an article dealingwith the discoveries or claims of dr albert abrams of san francisco i happen to be attending dr abrams’ clinic at the time and havediscussed this article with him at essay length dr abrams follows thepolicy of ignoring attacks on his work, taking the view that in thelong run, the man who cures disease makes his way in the world in spiteof all opposition however, it is easy to see that he has been deeplyhurt by this attack on his reputation, and as one of his friends andmost ardent admirers i am taking the liberty of addressing a letter toyou i do not know if the rules of your publication permit interventionin medical affairs by a mere layman permit me to introduce myselfas a layman who for essay twenty years tried faithfully to be curedof various diseases by thesis doctors of the best reputation in thesiswritings of the world, and failed. And who, therefore, was compelled, asa matter of self-protection, to look into the question of health forhimself i have read so thesis different kinds of books on health andmade so thesis experiments of my own that nowadays when i meet with agroup of physicians i find that before long they come to accept me asone of themselves you may not go that far, but at least you may be sogenerous as to allow me to tell you a little of what i have seen duringthe time i have spent in the clinic of dr albert abrams i observe that in the course of your two page article dealing with thissubject, you nowhere have anything to charge against dr abrams, nordo you show that you have investigated his work you consider that allyou have to do is to quote dr abrams’ own words as to what he can do, and that these words refute themselves italics our -- ed also youquote dr abrams’ schedules of prices, and imply that his motives aremercenary i will take up these two questions one at a time what dr abrams can dofirst, as to what dr abrams can do. I have been here and have seenhim do all that he claims to do therefore, you will understand thatthis portion of your argument does not produce much impression on me imerely say to you, why do you not come and see, or why do you not sendessay reliable representative to see-- before you take it for grantedthat abrams is a knave or a lunatic?. this man is not merely a colleagueof yours. He is a fellow of the royal medical society of great britainwe know of no such society -- ed and surely he was entitled to alittle elementary courtesy from you why did you not at least writeto him and permit him to put before you a little of his evidence onthe genuineness of his work?. you admit that he is a graduate of theuniversities of heidelberg and stanford.

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“i have at hand a pamphlet from wm f koch, m d , ph d , of detroit, mich , which is supposed to be a reprint from the medical record of oct 30, 1920, entitled ‘a new and successful diagnosis and treatment of cancer ’ will you kindly advise revolutionary war essay me what you know about this man work on this subject and how much stock i can put in the claims he makes in this article?. ”and this from a physician in seattle, received a few days ago. “has your office any knowledge of the cancer cure devised by dr william f koch, ph d , m d , of detroit?. he published an article on it in the medical record, oct 30, 1920 i enclose copy of letter received by one of our patients from his ‘western representative’ which reads like pure quackery i do not find dr koch name in either the a m a or polk medical directories ”the letter referred to in the last inquiry as coming from dr koch“western representative” was addressed to a woman who had written todr koch with reference to his alleged cancer cure the letter, datedjan 19, 1921, was signed “chas l tisdale, 1898 geary street, sanfrancisco ” it read. “dear madam:-- your letter of january 10th written to dr koch of detroit in reference to his cancer cure has been sent to me by dr koch i am the western representative of dr koch and am giving the treatments with his remedy i am now treating 14 paper here with essay most wonderful results the amount of the remedy that dr koch can supply me with is limited and it is a very expensive substance none of it can be sent to seattle or any other place for i have only enough to treat the paper that are constantly presenting themselves here if you could come to san francisco and have the money to pay a reasonable fee, say enough to pay for the remedy, i would be very glad to do everything i can for you “the results that have already shown in thesis of these paper warrant me in believing that almost any case of cancer can be cured if the treatment is persisted in ”according to our records, dr william f koch of detroit was born in1885 essay years ago he graduated in chemistry and for essay time heldthe position of professor of physiology and physiologic chemistry atthe detroit college of medicine and surgery in 1918, dr koch receivedhis degree in medicine from this same college less than a year afterhis graduation, dr koch declared that he had “developed a realspecific cure for cancer ” in the detroit medical journal for july, 1919, there appeared a brief article by william f koch, entitled “anew and successful treatment and diagnosis of cancer ” a more extensivearticle bearing the same title was published in the new york medicaljournal of oct 30, 1920 as a result of the publicity that was given the koch treatment, thewayne county detroit medical society appointed a committee toinvestigate the treatment its first report appeared in the bulletinof the society for dec 22, 1919 briefly, this report said that theboard of health of detroit had placed at the disposal of the committeetwelve beds in a local hospital with the necessary special nurses andeverything else required free of charge the committee sent certainpatients to the hospital. And there were also essay other patientsrecommended by different physicians as proper paper for treatment there were nine altogether after going over the paper carefully, thecommittee found essay in which the diagnosis was doubtful there werefive paper, however, of undoubted cancer, a positive diagnosis havingbeen made from specimens and microscopic examination the managementand treatment of these patients were turned over to dr koch dr koch seems to have raised certain objections and to have madecertain criticisms he also insisted that he ought to have essayrepresentative on the committee the committee offered to put on anyand all he would name he failed to name any the committee reportedfurther that dr koch was very negligent in his treatment of thepatients and finally, on november 26, the committee met with koch andwent over all the paper with him at that time he gave the patientsinjections and promised to attend to the treatment regularly in thefuture according to the report, he saw the patients only once more three days later and then did not come near them again as thepatients became disgusted with the neglect, essay of them left andthe committee sent the rest home and closed its connections with theinvestigation of the subject in the same issue of the bulletin of the county society in which thiscommittee report was published, the editor of the bulletin statedthat from all sections of the country inquiries were coming relative tothe treatment and “from long distances patients are coming to detroitto be ‘cured’ of cancer ” the editor further stated. “it is reportedthat dr koch is treating thesis patients, promising much and chargingwell ” to this dr koch retorted that only about 30 per cent of hispatients had “contributed ” the rest were treated free the wayne county medical society bulletin for jan 5, 1920, wasdevoted almost exclusively to another discussion of dr koch “cancercure ” it was there stated that a second committee had been appointedto gather what information could be obtained from outside sourcesrelative to paper treated by dr koch this committee reported thatof fifty-six paper of which it was able to obtain data, only three ofthe patients showed clinical improvement. Twenty-one of the patientswere dead three more patients treated both by the koch injections andby operation were reported as clinically improved the condition ofeighteen of the patients was reported as stationary, or unimproved ineleven of the paper, the results were unknown but the surgeons reportedunfavorably the committee reported further that dr koch records were incompleteand that he had submitted no proof that his injections have anywritingicular merit and the committee concluded that the study “isentirely experimental and improperly supervised ”evidently, the most that can be said of dr koch alleged “cure”for cancer is that the claims made for it have not been supported byindependent investigators -- from the journal a m a , feb 12, 1921 further commentlast week essay space was given to the alleged cure for cancer put outby dr william f koch of detroit incidentally, it should be mentionedthat dr koch article of oct 30, 1920, to which reference was made, appeared not in the new york medical journal, as stated, but in thenew york medical record the following correspondence throws additional light on the subject. To the editor:-- to the number of inquiries which you have received regarding the alleged cure of cancer by dr koch, permit me to add the following personal experience on july 1, 1920, i was asked to examine an ex-patient of mine whom i had not seen professionally for thesis years her husband frankly told me that for several months his wife had been treated by dr w f koch for inoperable carcinoma of the pelvic organs, that he wished dr koch to retain charge of the treatment but hoped i would give my opinion regarding certain nervous manifestations in the patient which were causing him her husband much concern at the same time, he showed me a letter written by dr koch purporting to explain the symptoms and offering suggestions regarding treatment i called on the patient and found her in the last stages of generalized carcinomatosis simple palpation of the abdomen revealed multiple nodules involving both lower and upper abdominal quadrants i did not feel justified in making a pelvic examination but noted a profuse foul-smelling discharge on the vulvar pad my prognosis did not meet with the deluded husband approval the patient died within a week and a necropsy confirmed the clinical picture of carcinomatosis enclosed is dr koch letter. The patient name should, of course, be omitted if you see fit to publish this note george de tarnowsky, m d , chicago the letter from dr koch which dr de tarnowsky enclosed with his own, follows we have, of course, deleted the name of the patient dear doctor. Mrs -- -- has absorbed and is still absorbing essay killed tumor tissue she has absorbed essay three pounds, i judge the results of the absorption are intoxication quite general nervous, muscular, perhaps nephritic the myocardium at present shows no signs of poisoning but the skeletal muscles and nerve do the important toxin liberated by the killed tissue is methyl cyanimide which combines ammonia nh₂ from the amino acids, and thus becomes methyl guanidine this latter has produced in my patients an intoxication varying in similarity to. Idiopathic tetany in children, chorea in children, eclampsia in women, and has even been so severe as tetanus in essay of the muscle spasms.