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The head was afterward wrappedin a cloth which was held in place by five turns response essay format of a cord around theneck. Traces of the furrows made by these cords were found heartempty. No blood in muscles of neck. Hyoid bone intact but superiorthyroid cornua fractured at base 16 horteloup. Ann d’hygiène, 1873, xxxix , pp 408-416 - man founddead on essay leaves in a fountain at bottom of staircase. Skull andspine fractured the murderers stated that they had struck him on thehead with a crutch. Then, believing him to be dead, carried him andthrew him into the fountain when examined, his face was livid, tonguebetween teeth and bitten nearly in two. And three parallel abrasionson left side of neck and one on right.

Mix them together, and make of them anelectuary according to art culpeper i like not the receipt taken inwardly electuarium reginæ coloniens college take of the seeds of saxifrage and gromwell, juice ofliquorice, of each half an ounce, the seeds of caraway, annis, smallage, fennel, parsley of macedonia, broom, carrots, bruscus, asparagus, lovage, cummin, juniper, rue, siler response essay format mountain, the seeds ofacorus, pennyroyal, cinquefoyl, bayberries, of each two drams, indianspikenard, schœnanth, amber, valerian, hog fennel, lapis lincis, ofeach a dram and an half, galanga, ginger, turbith, of each two drams, sena an ounce, goat blood prepared half an ounce, mix them together:first beat them into powder, then make them into an electuary accordingto art, with three times their weight in sugar dissolved in white wine culpeper it is an excellent remedy for the stone and wind cholic, adram of it taken every morning. I assure such as are troubled with suchdiseases, i commend it to them as a jewel pills culpeper pills in greek are called, katopotia, in latin, pilulæ. Which signifies little balls, because they are made up insuch a form, that they may be the better swallowed down, by reason ofthe offensiveness of their taste pilulæ de agarico or pills of agarick college take of agarick three drams, our own blue orris roots, mastich, horehound, of each one dram, turbith five drams, specieshiera picra half an ounce, colocynthis, sarcocol, of each two drams, myrrh one dram, sapa as much as is sufficient to make it into a massaccording to art culpeper it was invented to cleanse the breast and lungs of flegm, it works pretty strongly half a dram at a time keeping yourselfwarm, cannot well do you harm, unless your body be very weak pilulæ aggregativæ college take of citron, myrobalans, rhubarb, of each half anounce, juice of agrimony and wormwood made thick, of each two drams, diagridium five drams, agarick, colocynthis, polypodium of each twodrams, turbith, aloes, of each six drams, mastich, red roses, sal gem epithymum, annis, ginger, of each a dram, with syrup of damask roses, make it into a mass according to art culpeper it purges the head of choler, flegm and melancholy, andthat stoutly. It is good against quotidian agues, and faults in thestomach and liver, yet because it is well corrected if you take buthalf a dram at a time, and keep yourself warm, i suppose you may takeit without danger pilulæ alœphanginæ college take of cinnamon, cloves, cardamoms the less, nutmegs, mace, calamus aromaticus, carpobalsamum, or juniper berries, squinanth, wood of aloes, yellow sanders, red roses dried, wormwood, of each halfan ounce, let the tincture be taken out of these, being grossly bruisedin spirit of wine, the vessel being close stopped. In three pounds ofthis tincture, being strained, dissolve aloes one pound, which beingdissolved, add mastich, myrrh, of each half an ounce, saffron twodrams, balsam of peru one dram, the superfluous liquor being consumed, either over hot ashes, or a bath, bring it into a mass of pills culpeper it cleanses both stomach and brain of gross and putrifiedhumours, and sets the senses free when they are thereby troubled, itcleanses the brain offended by ill humours, wind, &c helps vertigo andhead-aches, and strengthens the brain exceedingly, helps concoction, and strengthens the stomach, one dram taken at night going to bed, will work gently next day. If the writingy be weak, you may give less, ifstrong more if you take but half a dram, you may go abroad the nextday. But if you take a dram, you may keep the house. There can be noharm in that pilulæ de aloe lota or pills of washed aloes college take of aloes washed with juice of red roses, one ounce, agarick three drams, mastich two drams, diamoscu dulce half a dram, syrup of damask-roses, so much as is sufficient to make it into a massaccording to art culpeper it purges both brain, stomach, bowels, and eyes ofputrified humours, and also strengthens them use these as thesucceeding aloe rosata college take of aloes in powder four ounces, juice of damask rosesclarified one pound, mix them and digest them in the sun, or in a bath, till the superfluous liquor be drawn off, digest it, and evaporate itfour times over, and keep the mass culpeper it is a gallant gentle purger of choler, frees the stomachfrom superfluous humours, opens stoppings, and other infirmities ofthe body proceeding from choler and flegm, as yellow jaundice, &c andstrengthens the body exceedingly take a scruple, or half a dram atnight going to bed, you may walk abroad, for it will hardly work tillnext day in the afternoon pilulæ aureæ college take of aloes, diacrydium, of each five drams, red roses, smallage seeds, of each two drams and an half, the seeds of annisand fennel, of each one dram and an half, mastich, saffron, troch, alhandal, of each one dram, with a sufficient quantity of honey roses, make it into a mass according to art culpeper they are held to purge the head, to quicken the senses, especially the sight, and to expel wind from the bowels, but worksessaything harshly half a dram is the utmost dose, keep the fire, takethem in the morning, and sleep after them, they will work before noon pilulæ cochiæ, the greater college take of species, hiera picra, ten drams, troch, alhandal, three drams and an half, diacrydium two drams and an half, turbith, stœchas, of each five drams, with a sufficient quantity of syrup ofstœchas, make it into a mass, according to art culpeper it is held to purge the head, but it is but a dogged purgeat best, and must be given only to strong bodies, and but half a dramat a time, and yet with great care pilulæ cochiæ, the less college take of aloes, scammony, colocynthis, of each one ounce, with equal writings of syrup of wormwood, and of purging thorn, make itinto a mass according to art pilulæ de cynoglosso or pills of hound-tongue college take of the roots of hound-tongue dried, white henbaneseed, opium prepared, of each half an ounce, myrrh six drams, olibanumfive drams, saffron, castoreum, styrax, calamitis, of each one dram andan half, with syrup of stœchas, make it into a mass culpeper it stays hot rheums that fall down upon the lungs, therefore is good in phthisics, also it mitigates pain, a scruple isenough to take at a time going to bed, and too much if your body beweak. Have a care of opiates for fear they make you sleep your last pilulæ ex duobus or pills of two things college take of colocynthis, and scamony, of each one ounce, oil ofcloves as much as is sufficient to malax them well, then with a littlesyrup of purging thorn, make it into a mass pilulæ de eupatorio or pills of eupatorium college take of the juice of maudlin, and wormwood made thick, citron, myrobalans, of each three drams, rhubarb three drams and anhalf, mastich one dram, aloes five drams, saffron half a dram, syrup ofthe juice of endive, as much as is sufficient to make it into a mass culpeper it is a gallant gentle purge, and strengthening, fittedfor such bodies as are much weakened by disease of choler the authorappropriates it to such as have tertian agues, the yellow jaundice, obstructions or stoppings of the liver. Half a dram taken at nightgoing to bed, will work with an ordinary body, the next day by noon pilulæ fætidæ or stinking pills college take of aloes, colocynthis, ammoniacum, sagapen, myrrh, rue-seeds, epithymum, of each five drams, scamony three drams, theroots of turbith half an ounce, the roots of spurge the less prepared, hermodactils of each two drams, ginger one dram and an half, spikenard, cinnamon, saffron, castoreum, of each one dram, euphorbium prepared twoscruples, dissolve the gums in juice of leeks, and with syrup made withthe juice of leeks and sugar, make it into a mass culpeper they purge gross and raw flegm, and diseases thereofarising. Gouts of all sorts, pains in the back-bone, and other joints:it is good against leprosies, and other such like infirmities of theskin i fancy not the receipt much pilulæ de hermodactilis or pills of hermodactils college take of sagapen six drams, opopanax three drams, melt themin warm juice of coleworts, so much as is sufficient, then strain itthrough a convenient rag, afterwards boil it to a mean thickness, thentake of hermodactils, aloes, citron, myrobalans, turbith, coloquintida, soft bdellium, of each six drams, euphorbium prepared, the seeds of rueand smallage, castoreum, sarcocol, of each three drams, saffron onedram and an half, with the syrup of the juice of coleworts made withhoney, make it into a mass according to art culpeper they are good against the gout, and other cold afflictionsof the joints these are more moderate by half than pilulæ fœtidæ, and appropriated to the same diseases pilulæ de hiera cum agarico or pills of hiera with agarick college take of species hiera picra, agarick, of each half anounce, aloes one ounce, honey roses so much as is sufficient to make itinto a mass according to art pilulæ imperiales or imperial pills college take of aloes two ounces, rhubarb one ounce and an half, agarick, sena, of each one ounce, cinnamon three drams, ginger twodrams, nutmegs, cloves, spikenard, mastich, of each one dram with syrupof violets, make it into a mass according to art culpeper it cleanses the body of mixt humours, and strengthens thestomach exceedingly, as also the bowels, liver, and natural spirits.

As diseases of jupiter by herbs ofmercury, and the contrary. Diseases of the luminaries by the herbsof saturn, and the contrary. Diseases of mars by herbs of venus, and the contrary fifthly, there is a way to cure diseases essaytimes by sympathy, andso every planet cures his own disease. As the sun and moon bytheir herbs cure the eyes, saturn the spleen, jupiter the liver, mars the gall and diseases of choler, and venus diseases in theinstruments of generation nich culpeper from my house in spitalfields, next door to the red lion, september 5, 1653 to his dearest consortmrs alice culpeper my dearest, the works that i have published to the world though envied by essayilliterate physicians have merited such just applause, that thoumayest be confident in proceeding to publish anything i leave thee, especially this master-piece. Assuring my friends and countrymen, thatthey will receive as much benefit by this, as by my dispensatory, and that incomparable piece called, semiotica uranica enlarged, andenglish physician these are the choicest secrets, which i have had thesis years locked upin my own breast i gained them by my constant practice, and by them imaintained a continual reputation in the world, and i doubt not but theworld will honour thee for divulging them. And my fame shall continueand increase thereby, though the period of my life and studies be athand, and i must now bid all things under the sun farewell farewell, my dear wife and child.

By henry levien, m d , while medical director and physician-in-charge of the libertysanitarium, liberty, n y from the buffalo medical journal ” thepamphlet is devoted to the alleged virtues of that dangerous and widelyadvertised nostrum, “glyco-heroin smith, ” whose more recent andless descriptive name is now “glykeron ” physicians might assume, anddoubtless will assume, from the response essay format pamphlet that this reprint represents arecent pronouncement on the subject with which it deals the facts arethat the “liberty sanitarium” has, apparently, been out of existencefor at least fifteen years, while the article itself originallyappeared more than eighteen years ago-- september, 1901 one of thesisphysicians who sent in the copies received called attention to the factthat he had left the address to which the pamphlet was directed, morethan six years ago even at that, the mailing lists of the concern thatsells this heroin-containing nostrum are more than twelve years aheadof its “clinical reports ”-- editorial from the journal a m a , jan 17, 1920 gray glycerine tonic. “whose bread i eat his song i sing”last september the united states dewritingment of agriculture issueda press bulletin describing the work of the bureau of chemistry inprosecuting the venders or manufacturers of fraudulently exploited“patent medicines ” at the end of the bulletin was a tabulated list of“other preparations against which the government charge that theywere falsely or fraudulently labeled was sustained by the federalcourts ” tucked away in the list was a product often euphemisticallydescribed as an “ethical proprietary” but none the less essentiallya “patent medicine”-- “gray glycerine tonic ” the editor of theatlanta journal of medicine, apparently not having read the bulletinwith any great degree of care, published it verbatim thus it wasthat the atlanta journal-record of medicine for september, 1915, presented the interesting sight of a half-page advertisement of “grayglycerine tonic” in the same issue that contained the governmentarticle classifying “gray glycerine tonic” among the false andfraudulent products!. what happened?. in the very next issue the atlantajournal-record of medicine apologized thus editorially. “in our september issue, gray glycerine tonic comp was inadvertently included in a list that seemed to be under the ban of the government and very likely an injustice has been done the purdue frederick company which we desire to undo as far as possible ”did the editor mean by “inadvertently included, ” that he would haveomitted “gray glycerine tonic” from the government list had henoticed it in time?. if so, on what grounds?. it is a fact that “grayglycerine tonic” was one of the “fifty falsely labeled medicines”. Itis also a fact that it is one of the products that government officialsand the federal courts have declared to be sold under claims that are“false, fraudulent and misleading ” if “gray glycerine tonic” wasfraudulently exploited-- and the government and the courts have sodeclared it-- why is it necessary for the editor of a medical journal toapologize to his subscribers for having told them so?. -- editorial fromthe journal a m a , jan 1, 1916 hagee cordial of cod liver oil“under the deceptive heading ‘making cod liver oil palatable, ’ thecharlotte medical journal in its december issue prints a boost for‘cord ext ol morrhuae comp hagee, ’ or, as it is generally knownto the drug trade, ‘hagee cordial of cod liver oil ’“the boost intimates that this is a preparation in which cod liver oilhas in essay way been rendered palatable, and then goes on to say thatthis is a cod liver oil product which has not suffered the least lossof those essential elements which make the crude oil such a high-classreconstructive “at first sight one might question whether a cod liver oil productwhich contains absolutely no cod liver oil had not suffered the lossof essential elements but a closer reading discloses a significantqualification, namely, the phrase, ‘those elements which make thecrude oil such a high-class reconstructive ’“the boost is misleading from beginning to end the manufacturers havenot succeeded in this preparation in ‘making cod liver oil palatable, ’nor does their preparation in any way possess the virtues of cod liveroil these claims have again and again been refuted, but they continueto be published-- at a price but rarely in reputable medical journals ”the above is quoted from the weekly bulletin of the dewritingmentof health of the city of new york the bulletin is issued for theenlightenment of the public -- from the journal a m a , jan 8, 1916 hypno-bromic compounda physician in vermont writes. “this is simply a word of inquiry-- and of possible warning to other practitioners-- regarding a preparation known as hypno-bromic compound manufactured by h k wampole & co this compound is dispensed by druggists without prescription and contains in each ounce. “cannabis indica 1 gr “morphin 1/4 gr “potassium bromid 48 gr “hyoscyamus 1 gr “chloral hydrate 96 gr “i have at the present time three young women who are addicts to this preparation as the result of thoughtless prescriptions from physicians this mixture evades the working of the harrison act and may be dispensed freely at the discretion of the druggist and, as a result, these three paper of mine have been able, by visiting at the various drug stores in town, to keep an ample supply on hand at all times ”“hypno-bromic compound” is more than an unscientific mixture.

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Comp rend soc de biol , 74:338, 1913 conclusions1 secretin is quickly destroyed by gastric juice and by trypsin 2 secretin is not absorbed in active form from the alimentary tract 3 the presence of secretin or prosecretin cannot be demonstrated inthe commercial preparations “secretogen, ” “elixir secretogen” and“duodenin” even when the therapeutic dose of the preparations is givenintravenously in the case of “secretogen, ” intravenous injection of100 times the therapeutic dose reveals occasionally an insignificanttrace of secretin discussion of resultsit is, of course, objectionable that preparations containing nosecretin should be advertised to the medical profession as containingthis substance the more important blunder, however, consists in theattempt to offer such preparations for oral administration, becauseeven chemically pure secretin would be equally ineffective when takenby mouth there is as yet no reliable evidence that lack of secretinis a primary or important factor in any disease even should this beestablished, secretin therapy, to be effective, must be intravenous secretin has not yet been prepared in sufficiently pure state to renderpossible intravenous injection in man without injurious effects andeven when this has been attained, the very fleeting action of secretinwill in all probability render secretin therapy as futile in all thediseases in which it is theoretically indicated as epinephrin therapyis in addison disease but there remains the alleged favorable effect from secretin therapyby mouth in various diseases in man it is, perhaps, impertinent forlaboratory men to comment on these clinical results the ordinary“testimonials” need not be considered, but we response essay format should like to ask theserious worker who thinks he has actually obtained good results fromsecretin therapy how certain he is of the causal relation between thegiving of secretin or alleged secretin and the abatement of the disease when a therapeutic measure not only lacks a positive basis inphysiology and pathology but runs contrary to all the well-establishedexperimental facts in these fundamental medical sciences, is it toomuch to ask that positive clinical findings be subjected to more thanusual critical analysis before acceptance?. “clinical tests, ” it issaid, “covering a period of several years have proved that neither thecondition in the stomach during digestion nor those in the intestineprevent the secretin from entering intact into the circulation ” whenwe meet claims such as this, should we not scrutinize the “tests” aswell as the men who make them?. We are indebted to dr j h moorehead for assistance in writing of thesurgical work -- from the journal a m a , jan 15, 1916 articles refused recognition report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrybelow appear abstracts of the council action on articles refusedrecognition which were not deemed of sufficient importance to requirelengthy reports. Radio-remthe radium therapy company, schieffelin & co , selling agents, submitted to the council radium emanation generators called “radio-remoutfits, ” designed to generate respectively 200, 1, 000, 2, 000, 5, 000and 10, 000 mache units per twenty-four hours those who are well informed on the subject of radium therapy are of theopinion that the administration of small amounts of radium emanationsuch as generated by certain outfits is without therapeutic value ithas been stated that at the radium institute of london the minimumpreliminary dose is 185 microcuries 500, 000 mache units, and as thesisas 555 microcuries 1, 500, 000 mache units are employed in consideration of these facts the council voted not to accept anyradium emanation generator which produces less than 2 microcuriesof emanation during twenty-four hours accordingly, while acceptingradio-rem outfit no 5, claimed to produce 10, 000 mache units 3 7microcuries and radio-rem outfit no 4, claimed to produce 5, 000 macheunits 1 8 microcuries, the council voted not to accept radio-remoutfit no 3, claimed to produce 2, 000 mache units 0 74 microcurie, radio-rem outfit no 2, claimed to produce 1, 000 mache units 0 37microcurie, and radio-rem outfit c, claimed to produce 200 mache units 0 07 microcurie this report having been submitted to schieffelin & co and their replyconsidered, the council authorized publication of the report see alsoreports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1916, p 631 olio-phlogosisolio-phlogosis, a liquid preparation to be applied externally by meansof a cotton pad, is advertised by the mystic chemical company, kansascity, mo , thus. “doctor. Don’t fail to use olio-phlogosis liberally for pneumonia, bronchitis and pleurisy it works quickly olio-phlogosis is as far ahead of all medicated kaolin plasters as these plasters were ahead of the old-time moist and soggy poultices ”a pamphlet advises the use of olio-phlogosis in “ all paper of inflammation and congestion, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy, croup, boils, carbuncles, rheumatism, swollen glands, peritonitis, ovaritis, as a surgical dressing, mamitis mastitis ?. vaginitis and metritis on cotton tampon to deplete these writings, septic wounds, old ulcers, chilblain, eczema, neuralgia, inflammation of the eyes and ears, alveolar inflammation, burns, scalds, etc ”according to the information sent to the council by the mystic chemicalcompany, olio-phlogosis has the following composition per gallon. Ol eucalyptus gaultheria drs 8 ol abies canadensis drs 8 ol abies canadensis drs 2 ol thyme white drs 2 resublimated iodin crystals grs 32 resorcin drs 1 acid boracic c p drs 2 quinine bisulphate drs 4 sodium thiosulphate drs 3-1/2 glycerin c p q s ad gal 1a nonquantitative formula which appears on the label of a sample bottlesent to a physician enumerates the same ingredients except the sodiumthiosulphate the a m a chemical laboratory reports that no free iodin could bedetected in the preparation apparently, then, olio-phlogosis is essentially a skin irritant appliedby means of cotton. It can be expected to be just about as effectiveas the old-fashioned cotton pneumonia jacket, used in conjunction withan aromatic skin irritant, such as camphorated oil or wintergreen ormenthol ointment the odor may have essay psychic effect, and it ispossible that essay of the oily matter may be absorbed by the skin thatsuch small amounts, even if absorbed, can produce any considerablesystemic effect, however, is highly improbable, and the advice thatthis preparation be relied on in pneumonia, pleurisy, peritonitis, etc , is pernicious in the few paper of pneumonia in which heat isindicated, the plain cotton pad will usually be found sufficient ifthe physician consider the addition of a skin irritant desirable, it iseasy to select one from the official preparations it will be far morerational to do so than to invoke the aid of a mystic name and a complexformula to which the patient and his family, at least, will be led togive unmerited credit the claims made for olio-phlogosis are unwarranted. Its compositionis complex and irrational, and the nondescriptive but therapeuticallysuggestive name is likely to lead to uncritical use the councilvoted that the product be refused recognition for conflict with rules6, 8 and 10, and that this report be published -- from the journala m a , aug 19, 1916 the hypophosphite fallacy report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has adopted the following report and authorized itspublication w a puckner, secretary the introduction of hypophosphites into medicine was due to anerroneous and now discarded theory as to the cause of tuberculosis ofwhich one dr j f churchill of london, and later of paris, was thepromulgator and propagandist 92 this theory was that the so-called“tuberculosis diathesis” was due to a deficiency of phosphorus inthe blood believing that the hypophosphites, while nontoxic, werecapable of further oxidation in the organism, churchill recommendedthem as the best means of supplying the supposedly lacking phosphorus it is now known that tuberculosis is not due to a deficiency ofphosphorus of more importance is the fact, now known, that littlephosphorus, if any, is assimilated from the hypophosphites-- farless than from phosphorus compounds of ordinary food 93 there isno justification for giving hypophosphites for the sake of theirphosphorus content for various reasons, however-- writingly from force ofhabit and writingly because of the power of advertising-- thesis physiciansstill prescribe hypophosphite preparations, and consequently, theyare still included in the pharmacopeia and in textbooks on materiamedica and therapeutics they are put out in the form of “specialties”and of proprietary preparations, and are lauded extravagantly by themanufacturers of the latter 92 churchill, j f. De la cause immédiate et du traitementspécifique de la phthisie pulmonaire et des maladies tuberculeuses, paris, 1858 93 the hypophosphite fallacy, j a m a , april 25, 1914, p 1346 although the overwhelming weight of evidence was against theprobability that the hypophosphite preparations are of value astherapeutic agents, the council thought it well to investigate thesubject dr w mckim marriott of baltimore was therefore requested toreview the evidence for and against the therapeutic usefulness of thehypophosphites and to conduct such experiments as seemed necessary hisreport has already appeared in the journal 9494 marriott, w mckim. The therapeutic value of the hypophosphites, j a m a , feb 12, 1916, p 486 dr marriott found that nine observers paquelin and joly, vermeulen, boddaert, massol and gamel, panzer, delaini and berg, who endeavoredto test the alleged utilization of the hypophosphites in the organism, reported that there is complete, or practically complete, eliminationof hypophosphites in the urine, with little or no effect on the body only one experimenter patta claimed that a considerable amountof ingested hypophosphite was retained in the body.