History

Quotes In An Essay


And the juice dropped into the earskills worms in them. And draws forth earwigs, or other living creaturesgotten into them the decoction of the root allays inflammations ofthe head, or any other writings. The herb itself, or the distilled waterthereof doth the like the decoction of the root eases the pains of thegout, the hard humours of knots in the joints, the pains and shrinkingof the sinews, and the pains of the hips the fresh juice mixed with alittle oil and butter, is good for any place that hath been burnt withfire, being thereto applied henbane descript our common henbane has very large, thick, soft, woollyleaves, lying on the ground, much cut in, or torn on the edges, ofa dark, ill greyish green colour.

Next the quotes in an essay flowers. And, lastof all, the leaves the roots of the male peony, fresh gathered, having been found by experience to cure the falling sickness. But thesurest way is, besides hanging it about the neck, by which childrenhave been cured, to take the root of the male peony washed clean, andstamped essaywhat small, and laid to infuse in sack for 24 hours at theleast, afterwards strain it, and take it first and last, morning andevening, a good draught for sundry days together, before and after afull moon. And this will also cure old persons, if the disease be notgrown too old, and past cure, especially if there be a due and orderlypreparation of the body with posset-drink made of betony, &c theroot is also effectual for women that are not sufficiently cleansedafter child-birth, and such as are troubled with the mother.

Their field and limitations slowlyand painstakingly-- essaytimes painfully-- this scientific knowledge hasbeen gathered, quotes in an essay is still being gathered, by chemists and pharmacists, pharmacologists and clinicians, with increasing thoroughness, care anddiscrimination where wisdom fears to venture, unwisdom and cupidity find ample room the wise physician knows that there are ills that drugs cannot cure;that drugs generally only aid or relieve. And that to obtain eventhis aid efficiently and safely, the existing scientific knowledgeis none too great not so the unwise he who sees in disease only aname, to him a name is a sufficient cure let there be a mixture witha convenient and suggestive name and a pleasant taste, a compendiousindex of diseases and symptoms-- and a lively imagination-- and the cureis accomplished few things could be easier, and few more false itis not surprising that the “man on the street” should fall into theseerrors. It is sad that any physician should be misled by the sophistryof interested drug vendors physicians have the moral obligation to instruct the public in mattersof health preaching before practice is of little avail it behoovesthe medical profession to make at least a reasonable effort to cleanits own house before it passes the broom to the public realizingthis responsibility, the american medical association essay years agoestablished its council on pharmacy and chemistry this council isstrictly an educational agency-- it collects and disseminates knowledgeabout drugs, especially those drugs that are advertised to physiciansand that are not described in the legal pharmacopeias physicians arethus put in a position to discriminate thesis have done so. Others will, a few may never see the light on this earth journals can no longer claim that they mislead their readers in goodfaith essay-- the cleveland medical journal among the first-- havefrankly acknowledged their obligations, and sacrificed a lucrativeincome from advertisements. Others are still occupied in compoundingthe matter with their conscience manufacturers are in a similarposition those who are on the side of scientific progress-- or to putit materially, those who realize that honesty is the best policy-- aretaking the opportunity to separate themselves from the dishonest andignorant altogether, the medical profession may safely advise the public onthe subject of drugs without laying itself open to the charge that itpreaches what it is unwilling to practice meantime, the public itself has had a essaywhat similar awakening theprogress of the profession has necessarily spread more or less to thelaymen all sorts of educational agencies have been working to convincethe public that individual and national health is too precious an assetto be entrusted to any quack who may spell his praise in printerink legislators have passed food, drug, and antinarcotic laws whichhave aroused interest and discussion even the “drugless cults” haveessaywhat offset their harm by causing the public to reflect thatdrugging is not a panacea for all ills all this has not been withouteffect the public is in a receptive mood. It is not convinced, butwishes to learn legislators are prepared to follow public opinion thepurveyors of patent medicines are watching events what, under these conditions, should be the attitude of the medicalprofession?. plainly, it should continue to be what it always hasbeen. To stand aggressively for the protection of the public health, without any compromise in doing so, it is true, physicians willexpose themselves to the imputation of selfish motives selfishlycommercial minds cannot or will not understand the unselfish idealsof a profession-- that is their loss physicians, however, must becareful not to give a semblance of reason to the charge. For that woulddiminish the effect of their attitude they must confine themselves toinforming the public of the facts.

A thief scaling a wall receivedat a distance of fifteen paces a charge of shot from a fowling-piece;he fell dead immediately the charge had struck quotes in an essay him in the breast, centring over a space of three or four inches, but one shot hadpenetrated the aorta over the attachment of the sigmoid valves, andanother had traversed the entire wall of this vessel powder-marks - a very important writing of evidence in case of near woundsof gunshot character pertains to the powder-marks upon the clothingand skin naturally every one knows that when a weapon is dischargednear a given surface there will be more or less powder-marking uponthat surface, the same being due to writingicles of gunpowder which areincompletely or not at all consumed, and which are black becauseof the charcoal they contain. But the circumstances under whichpowder-marks of a given character can be inflicted are so extremelyvariable that no statistics or information of value in a generalway can be given thus the fineness of the marks will depend uponthe fineness of the powder, and the area covered and the depth ofthe marking upon the same, upon the distance of the muzzle from thesurface. And the only way to make out the exact distance of the muzzlefrom the surface at the time of the infliction of a given wound is touse the same weapon, if possible, with cartridges or charges out of thesame lot as that used at the time of injury distances could, perhaps, be stated in round numbers, but their value would only be remotelyapproximate, and in a given case the best evidence is to be obtained byexperiment with the fire-arm in question dimensions of perforations - at different times a great deal ofweight has been attached to the dimension of the perforation throughsuch objects as wood, glass, or even through the bones of the body, made by the bullet which is supposed or known to have destroyedlife wrong inferences have been drawn essaytimes from a study ofundischarged bullets or cartridges similar, at least before firing, to that which has been taken from a given body it has been stated, for instance, that such a bullet was too large to have passed throughsuch an aperture or to have made such a hole, or that it was so muchsmaller than a certain hole that it was not the writingicular missilewhich made that perforation upon this matter has hinged a great dealof uncertainty and consequently a good deal of study the size ofopening which a bullet of given calibre will make through wood dependsupon the distance of the weapon, the firing charge, the velocity ofthe bullet, the extent to which its shape has been altered by passingthrough the given barrier, by the heat of the explosion, by the impactof the air upon the heated and consequently softened metal, and by thedensity and thickness of the wood, as well as by the resistance whichit may have offered mainly from its being fixed in place or movable there is, however, ordinarily less question about the size of a similarhole through a piece of glass or bone it is generally supposed thata bullet passing through a window-pane will shatter it this depends, however, mainly upon the perfection of fixation of the glass in itsresting-place if for purposes of experiment panes of glass be tackedinto a shutter and bullets be fired at them from varying distances, they will be practically invariably shattered it is, however, quitedifferent if the pane of glass be firmly fixed in a frame by means ofputty which has become old and hard, and especially if the window-frameitself be closely fitted in the casing under these circumstances abullet will often make a clearly punched hole, or one with very fewradiating lines of fracture experiment, therefore, to secure evidenceshould be made under circumstances exactly parallel to those whichnecessitate such evidence evidence from examination of the dead body fractures - considerable evidence of great interest with respect tothe effect of a bullet-wound upon the skull and the possibility offractures being produced at the base by contre coup will be found inthe statement of the case of the people v elisha b fero, publishedby dr charles t porter, of albany, in the journal of psychologicalmedicine, april, 1870 mrs fero was murdered while in her bed andwas found to have been bruised about the head and body, her husbandclaiming that the deed was that of a robber who had attacked themboth he was found with slight bruises or scratches about the face andblack marks as if from burnt powder between the middle fingers of hisright hand the first autopsy appears to have been carelessly made, but a flattened conical ball weighing twenty-six and one-half grainswas found lodged in the middle of the right cerebral hemisphere ithad not gone completely through the brain its base fitted the shellsof the metallic cartridges used in fero revolver eight days afterdeath a second examination was made, after which the head was removedand preserved in 95% alcohol a theory of the prosecution was thatmrs fero was murdered by her husband. That he shot her, as well asstruck her numerous blows upon both sides of the head and its frontand back with essay broad, heavy, and elastic body, making fracturesfound on autopsy not the least interesting writing of the testimonyis that referring to the condition of tissues alleged to have beenbruised after long preservation in alcohol the expert testimony inthis case appeared to show that such fractures as were found, withoutreference to the fact of external bruises, were due to the unskilfulmanner in which the skull-cap was removed in this connection itis well right here to emphasize the fact that fresh fractures canbe produced in the skull by too forcible or injudicious effortsto remove the calvarium when making autopsies, or that fracturespreviously existing can be extended or complicated in the same way shaw in his “manual of anatomy” says. “the question whether there hasbeen a fracture of the cranium previous to death is essaytimes moredifficult to decide than a person not accustomed to make dissectionsmight imagine if the fracture has occurred immediately before thepatient death, there will be found coagulated blood upon the bonesand in the fissures if the patient has survived for essay time, therewill be marks of inflammation and, perhaps, pus in contact with theskull, but if a fracture has been made in making the examination, which essaytimes happens in even very careful dissectors’ hands, theblood in the fracture will not be coagulated, nor will there be anyeffusions around the portions in beck medical journal, vol xxii , p 28, mr alcock essay time since stated in a public lecture inlondon that he had known a fracture of the base of the skull producedby the awkward and violent tearing of the upper portion by the saw inpenetrating enough to divide the bones, and this to be mistaken by theinexperienced operator for fracture of the skull producing death beinga medico-legal case, it might have led to melancholy consequences hadnot the error been detected by an observer ” that an extensive andoften complicated fracture by contre coup can occur as the result ofgunshot injuries of the skull is a fact well known to all surgeons ofexperience and laid down in all text-books and illustrated in all largemuseums in view of these well-known facts, it would always be well to insistin paper of this kind that the saw alone should be used and not thehammer nor the chisel when a cranial bone is fractured blood ispoured out from the ruptured vessels, as is always the case with anybone its amount varies indefinitely with the number and size of theruptured vessels, the activity of circulation, the length of time aperson lives, etc the blood may collect in circumscribed masses orbecome infiltrated in the surrounding tissues, although usually bothphenomena are observed the extent to which infiltration takes placedepends upon the quantity of blood and the nature of the surroundingtissues in loose tissues like those about the orbit infiltration ismuch more rapid and extensive examination of the weapon - french medical jurists have tried toindicate how we may determine the time elapsed between the death of aperson and the discharge of a weapon found near the body, but exactstatements in this matter are utterly out of the question certainfacts bearing on the subject are these. When recently discharged therewill be found adhering to the barrel of the piece and consisting of thefouling of which sportsmen complain, a quantity of potassium sulfidmixed with charcoal this is shown by its forming a strong alkalinesolution with water, evolving an odor of hydrogen sulfid, and a darkprecipitate with a solution of acetate of lead depending upon thedegree of exposure to air and moisture, after essay hours or days thissulfid becomes converted into potassium sulfate, which forms a neutralsolution with water and gives a white precipitate with acetate of lead;but if a considerable time has elapsed since the discharge of the pieceoxid of iron iron rust with traces of sulfate may be found ann d’hygiene, 1834, p 458. 1837, p 197.

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But evidently i have been delinquent ”according to our records, albert abrams, a m , m d , ll d , f r m s , was born in san quotes in an essay francisco in 1864 he was graduated in medicine by theuniversity of heidelberg, gerthesis, in 1882 dr abrams is a member ofhis local medical society and through that holds fellowship in theamerican medical association dr abrams has written voluminously in1910, his book on “spondylotherapy” “physio-therapy of the spine” wasreviewed in the journal “spondylotherapy” is a neologic creation ofdr abrams according to its disciples, it concerns itself “only withthe excitation of the functional centers of the spinal cord” and hasbeen called “the science of evoking the reflexes of the body both todiagnose and to cure disease ” in bringing its review of abrams’ bookon “spondylotherapy” to a close, the journal said. “ one wonders whether this is an attempt to explain osteopathy and chiropractic to the understanding of the regular practitioner, or to exploit the very ingenious percussion devices of the author, or whether it is really true that medical men really know practically nothing about the cure of disease through treatment of the spine let us hope that it is the latter and that a careful study of this unique volume may open new avenues of therapy heretofore undreamed of ”while the review was obviously critical, yet in advertising the book, the publisher picked out writing of the closing sentence, omitted thecontext, and quoted the journal as having said. “let us hope that a careful study of this unique volume may open new avenues of therapy heretofore undreamed of ”when this matter was brought to the attention of dr abrams, hereplied, “i fail to see any real difference in the two quotations” and“only one with an astigmatic mentality” could “see any incongruitybetween the context and the concluding sentence ” yet, in this sameletter which attempted to justify the garbling of a quotation so asto make a critical review appear a laudatory one, dr abrams declaredthat the review in question was “conceived and executed in a maliciousspirit ”between 1912 and 1914 dr abrams gave “clinical courses” on“spondylotherapy” in various writings of the country-- price $50 these“courses” were widely advertised by an ohio concern that seems to makea specialty not only of handling the advertising campaigns of thosemembers of the medical profession who have unusual or bizarre methodsto exploit, but also of acting as an agent for the sale of such devicesand publications as may be necessary to the proper practice of thewritingicular brand of therapy that is being exploited at the time thisconcern was featuring abrams’ course it called attention to the allegedfact that “no class were sic!. so busy as those employing mechanicaltreatment such as osteopathy, chiropractic, mechanotherapy, etc ”says dr abrams. “despite the fury of tongue or the truculence of the pen, the osteopath and chiropractor are inspiring the confidence of the community with their systems right or wrong in their theory, they are, in vulgar parlance, ‘delivering the goods ’ spondylotherapy was a product of necessity-- the translation of an ignored field of medicine from a chaotic to a scientific basis ”possibly the following testimonial published by dr abrams as typicalof thesis received, and credited to “dr henry stacy dodge, richmond, va , ” may explain the field that “spondylotherapy” is to cover incidentally “dr ” dodge is listed in the richmond telephone directoryas a chiropractor. “i have been in practice for fifteen years in chiropractic and ten years an osteopath and i wish to say that during the last three years i have received more genuine and sincere satisfaction from the application of spondylotherapy than all other methods combined my success in gastrology alone is worth thesis times the cost of the information ”more recently, dr abrams has advertised that he gives a “course” inspondylotherapy in san francisco, beginning on the first of each month the course last four weeks “the honorarium for this course is $200 00 ”in 1912 an organization was created devoted to this new therapeuticmethod. The “american association for the study of spondylotherapy ”later dr abrams was made honorary president whether the organizationis still viable we do not know electronic reactions of abramsin addition to “spondylotherapy, ” dr abrams has also evolved what hecalls the “electronic reactions of abrams ” these are said to makepossible long-distance diagnoses, it being necessary only to send afew drops of blood taken from the patient and allowed to dry on aslide there are, it seems, certain instruments and devices used inthe performance of these diagnostic feats by means of the “electronicreactions” dr abrams while admitting the protective factor ofvaccination against smallpox has discovered that practically all thevaccines obtained from reliable firms yield the reaction “electronictests” of congenital syphilis, and that thesis of them also yieldthe reaction of tuberculosis and of streptococci and staphylococci further, “from the cicatrices of all vaccinated persons, one canalways elicit a reaction of congenital syphilis and in early scars atuberculous reaction ” dr abrams also declares that exposing vaccinevirus for ten minutes to blue light will destroy the syphilitic, streptococcic and staphylococci reactions and exposing it for the sameperiod to yellow light will destroy the tuberculous reaction one of dr abrams’ disciples-- sir james barr-- frequently quoted withevident satisfaction, declares that from a fresh sample of blood spreadover four square inches of white blotting paper, “dr abrams candiagnose the sex, race and disease of the patient ” however, there arecertain precautions that must be taken.