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Ptcas Essay Tips


As also the distillations ofhot rheums or humours in the eyes, or other ptcas essay tips writings the ancients muchused it in their ointments and other medicines against the lassitude, and to strengthen and comfort the sinews. For which, if it was goodthen, i know no reason but it may be found so still motherwort descript this hath a hard, square, brownish, rough, strong stalk, rising three or four feet high at least, spreading into thesis branches, whereon grow leaves on each side, with long foot-stalks, two atevery joint, which are essaywhat broad and long, as if it were roughor crumpled, with thesis great veins therein of a sad green colour, anddeeply dented about the edges, and almost divided from the middle ofthe branches up to the tops of them which are long and small grow theflowers round them at distances, in sharp pointed, rough, hard husks, of a more red or purple colour than balm or horehound, but in thesame manner or form as the horehound, after which come small, round, blackish seeds in great plenty the root sends forth a number of longstrings and small fibres, taking strong hold in the ground, of a darkyellowish or brownish colour, and abides as the horehound does. Thesmell of the one not much differs from the other place it grows only in gardens with us in england government and virtues venus owns the herb, and it is under leo there is no better herb to take melancholy vapours from the heart, tostrengthen it, and make a merry, chearful, blithe soul than this herb it may be kept in a syrup or conserve. Therefore the latins calledit cardiaca besides, it makes women joyful mothers of children, andsettles their wombs as they should be, therefore we call it motherwort it is held to be of much use for the trembling of the heart, andfaintings and swoonings. From whence it took the name cardiaca thepowder thereof, to the quantity of a spoonful, drank in wine, isa wonderful help to women in their sore travail, as also for thesuffocating or risings of the mother, and for these effects, it islikely it took the name of motherwort with us it also provokes urineand women courses, cleanses the chest of cold phlegm, oppressing it, kills worms in the belly it is of good use to warm and dry up the coldhumours, to digest and disperse them that are settled in the veins, joints, and sinews of the body, and to help cramps and convulsions mouse-ear descript mouse-ear is a low herb, creeping upon the ground by smallstrings, like the strawberry plant, whereby it shoots forth smallroots, whereat grow, upon the ground, thesis small and essaywhat shortleaves, set in a round form together, and very hairy, which, beingbroken, do give a whitish milk. From among these leaves spring up twoor three small hoary stalks about a span high, with a few smallerleaves thereon. At the tops whereof stands usually but one flower, consisting of thesis pale yellow leaves, broad at the point, and a littledented in, set in three or four rows the greater uppermost very likea dandelion flower, and a little reddish underneath about the edges, especially if it grow in a dry ground. Which after they have stood longin flower do turn into down, which with the seed is carried away withthe wind place it grows on ditch banks, and essaytimes in ditches, if they bedry, and in sandy grounds time it flowers about june or july, and abides green all the winter government and virtues the moon owns this herb also.

The female patients who are in a similarlydeplorable condition receive an “injection of the cow gland extract ”we have not yet learned whether the los angeles examiner hasdeprecated dr rahtjen use of mexican bovines remembering theattitude of the hearst papers toward all things mexican, one may lookfor the suggestion that mr rahtjen use 100 per cent americanbull -- from the journal a m a , nov 26, 1921 sodium cacodylate in syphilisto the editor:-- i was much interested in the study of this subject bydr h n cole the journal, dec 30, 1916, p 2012 in 1913 i treated a series of paper of syphilis with sodium cacodylate;but, not getting the desired results, i discontinued its use in 1915, i became interested again because of the writings of dr j b murphy, and applied it in three paper in which the patients had initial lesions:case 1 -- j m , man aged 21, single, shoeworker, came to me withan initial lesion of the penis to the right of the frenum i beganintramuscular injections of sodium cacodylate, 5 grains, in ampulesmade by parke, davis & co , every day for ten days then i haltedfor ten days and repeated ten more injections the sore on the penisentirely disappeared about the ninth day there was a slight, faintlymacular eruption of the forearms and abdomen, which soon disappeared there was no alopecia when he returned, after the last series often injections, there were mucous patches in the throat and essayinvolvement of the left tonsil i put the patient on mixed treatment, which cleared his throat he had, at end of twenty doses of 5 grains ofsodium cacodylate each, a positive wassermann reaction after mercuryand potassium iodid for two months there was a positive wassermannreaction to date, after three salvarsan treatments intravenously therehave been two negatives case 2 -- f s , man, aged 28, married, machinist, had an initial lesionon the penis treatment with sixty injections of 5 grains of sodiumcacodylate gave results as follows. The initial sore on the penisdisappeared in ten injections. There were severe mucous patches of themouth. The tonsils were badly infected there was a positive wassermannreaction there were syphilids of both arms and shins. Marked papulareruption. Malaise, and a slight trace of albumin in the urine iplaced the patient on mercurials and at last give him three salvarsaninjections three weeks awriting the result was a negative wassermannreaction, the skin was clear and the patient felt fine case 3 -- d c , woman, aged 21, single, seamstress, had an initiallesion on the left side of the cervix, and a macular eruption on theface, neck and shoulders, and also, though faint, on the forearms thirty injections of sodium cacodylate of 5 grains each were given theinitial lesion disappeared in one week mucous patches of the mouthappeared and persisted the wassermann reaction was positive i gavemercurials and potassium iodid for seven months, and salvarsan once the wassermann reaction is now negative my conclusion after two trials of the use of sodium cacodylate in smallor large doses is that it has no effect toward curing the condition. Infact, the throat symptoms were seemingly increased in severity by itsuse it has no effect on syphilids of the forearms and shins, and ifanything makes them worse it improves the appetite, as one would expect it has essay effect onthe kidneys, as noted in case 2. It has essay effect in healing theinitial lesion, as noted in all three of this series. Why, i do notknow i am entirely satisfied that it has no beneficial effect on syphiliticsand have discontinued its use entirely in my practice i am glad to have read cole excellent article, as it shows me that iwas correct in my decision not to use it again, as it was worthless william g ward, m d , lynn, mass to the editor:-- dr william g ward letter the journal, feb 3, 1917, p 390, and the recent admirable article by dr harold n cole the journal, dec 30, 1916, p 2012 recall to mind dr j b murphyclinical note on the use of sodium cacodylate in the treatment ofsyphilis the journal, sept 24, 1910, p 1113, and the experimentalwork of cap h j nichols, u s army the journal, feb 18, 1911, p 492 the results of nichols’ work conclusively proved, at leastfrom a laboratory standpoint, that this drug was of very little valueas a spirocheticide in combating syphilis prior to the publication ofdr murphy letter i had employed sodium cacodylate extensively as aremedy in psoriasis, and i still continue to use it in selected paperof the disease adopting dr murphy suggestion, i gave the agent an extensive trialin syphilis in all stages of the disease the results were extremelydisappointing, from both clinical and serologic points of view morerecently, during the scarcity of salvarsan, i gave the drug a secondtrial, employing it in large dosage in the hope that the previousfailure had been due to the employment of insufficient amounts theresults were not tabulated, but, judging roughly from my experience ina score of paper, its therapeutic value as an antisyphilitic was nil afew of the patients underwent a temporary improvement, probably owingto the tonic effect of the drug, but in every instance the serologicfindings were unaffected r l sutton, m d , kansas city, mo -- correspondence in the journal a m a , feb 3, 1917 tablets. Dependability of dosagethe tablet form of administering medicines is popular among thesisphysicians because of its convenient availability and dosage thereis no doubt about the convenience of tablets, but the accuracy of thedosage content is not always to be depended on one reason for thisis that the demand for palatable and convenient “medicaments has ledmanufacturers to attempt to produce in tablet form mixtures which, fromthe nature of the case, are not suited to that method of compounding ”in a series of painstaking experiments307 on bismuth, opium andphenol tablets, conducted a number of years ago in the a m a chemical laboratory, it was shown that no tablets on the market thencontained the amount of phenol the label indicated, the variationbeing from 12 3 to 112 5 per cent similarly, the laboratory foundthat in the case of several different brands of aromatic digestivetablets, 308 the amount of hydrochloric acid present in these absurdcombinations was true to label in only one half of the specimens, notwithstanding the fact that the amounts claimed to be present wereridiculously small. In two specimens, there was no hydrochloricacid whatever present, while a third contained only a trace theseexamples illustrated clearly the very evident unwisdom of attemptingthe pharmaceutically impossible merely for the sake of convenience orpharmaceutical “elegance ”307 puckner, w a , and clark, a h. Examination of tablets ofbismuth, opium and phenol, the journal a m a , july 25, 1908, p 330 puckner, w a , and hilpert, w s. Tablets of bismuth, opiumand phenol, dec 17, 1910, p 2169, may 6, 1911, p 1344 unreliablepharmaceutical products, editorial, may 6, 1911, p 1335 308 puckner, w a , and warren, l e.

New york m j 118:315, ptcas essay tips 1913. Arch f verdauungskr 20:577, 1914 physiologic considerationsthroughout its clinical use, secretin has been given by mouth. Butits direct introduction into the intestine of a dog under anesthesiain even enormous quantities is without effect this fact, firstobserved by bayliss and starling, 32 was confirmed by fleig, 81 andmatuso, 36 and our personal experiments have convinced us of itstruth matuso found that ordinary secretin and that obtained fromintestinal lumen gave equally negative results large quantities ofactive secretin, moreover, acidified to 0 2 per cent hydrochloricacid, and left in the ileum for fifteen minutes, were still negative wertheimer and duvillier, 82 in a previous paper on this subject, had likewise found that acid solutions of secretin which might beconsidered more normal for the intestine than when neutral, whenintroduced into the ileum gave negative or inconstant results theyconclude that it is more likely that the pancreas does not respond tosuch minimal stimuli, than that the secretin is not absorbed 81 flieg. Arch gén de méd 191:1482, 1903 82 wertheimer and duvillier. Compt rend soc de biol 68:535, 1910 the destructive action of the digestive enzymes leads us to believethat it is in inactive form that secretin is absorbed likeepinephrin, it cannot pass through the digestive tract bayliss andstarling state that it is destroyed by one hour tryptic digestion lalou62 worked with the action on secretin of pepsin, dog gastricjuice, pancreatic juice, succus entericus and erepsin, and found ineach case a destructive effect, even almost after mixing. And afterfive minutes over 75 per cent of the activity had disappeared matuso36 introduced 30 c c of active secretin into the intestine, removed it five minutes later, and found that no activity remained other methods of administration have been tried subcutaneousinjections are practically negative matuso, 36 hallion83and intrapleural injections are likewise negligible bayliss andstarling55 83 hallion. Presse méd 20:433, 1912 starling63 finds that continued intravenous injections of secretin ina healthy dog produces after a time severe symptoms of collapse, which, he believes, are due to change in the intestinal mucous membrane causedby the entry and non-neutralization of the strongly alkaline pancreaticjuice intestinal digestion seems little affected in achylia gastrica stockton, 84 ehrman and lederer, 85 bayliss and starling32 thismay be due to other secretin stimulants as fats, or to the action ofthe nervous mechanisms meltzer86 84 stockton. In osier and mccrae modern medicine 3:19, 1914 85 ehrman and lederer.

You may take a dram of it at a time inwhite wine, or any other convenient liquor proper against the diseaseyou are ptcas essay tips afflicted with betonica pauli, &c paul betony, or male lluellin, to which addelative, or female lluellin, which comes afterwards. They are prettytemperate, stop defluxions of humours that fall from the head into theeyes, are profitable in wounds, help filthy foul eating cankers betonica coronaria, &c is clove gilli-flowers see the flowers bellis dasies. Are cold and moist in the second degree, they easeall pains and swellings coming of heat, in clysters they loose thebelly, are profitable in fevers and inflammations of the testicles, they take away bruises, and blackness and blueness. They are admirablein wounds and inflammations of the lungs or blood blitum blites essay say they are cold and moist, others cold anddry. None mention any great virtues of them borrago borrage. Hot and moist, comforts the heart, cheers thespirits, drives away sadness and melancholy, they are rather laxativethan binding. Help swooning and heart-qualms, breed good blood, helpconsumptions, madness, and such as are much weakened by sickness bonus henricus good henry, or all good. Hot and dry, cleansing andscouring, inwardly taken it loosens the belly. Outwardly it cleansethold sores and ulcers botrys oak of jerusalem.

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But it hinders them from healing the same is excellentlygood to break carbuncles and plague-sores. Also helps the king evil, being applied to the place being spread over a piece of leather, andapplied to the navel, kills the worms in the belly, helps scabs anditch, running sores, cankers, tetters, and ringworms. And being appliedto the place, may haply cure venereal sores this i thought good tospeak of, as it may be safely used outwardly, for inwardly it cannot betaken without manifest danger the common white saxifrage descript this hath a few small reddish kernels of roots coveredwith essay skins, lying among divers small blackish fibres, whichsend forth divers round, faint or yellow green leaves, and greyishunderneath, lying above the grounds, unevenly dented about the edges, and essaywhat hairy, every one upon a little foot-stalk, from whencerises up round, brownish, hairy, green stalks, two or three feethigh, with a few such like round leaves as grow below, but smaller, and essaywhat branched at the top, whereon stand pretty large whiteflowers of five leaves a-piece, with essay yellow threads in the middle, standing in a long crested, brownish green husk after the flowers arepast, there arises essaytimes a round hard head, forked at the top, wherein is contained small black seed, but usually they fall awaywithout any seed, and it is the kernels or grains of the root which areusually called the white saxifrage-seed, and so used place it grows in thesis places of our land, as well in thelower-most, as in the upper dry corners of meadows, and grassy sandyplaces it used to grow near lamb conduit, on the backside of grayinn time it flowers in may, and then gathered, as well for that whichis called the seed, as to distil, for it quickly perishes down to theground when any hot weather comes government and virtues it is very effectual to cleanse the reinsand bladder, and to dissolve the stone engendered in them, and toexpel it and the gravel by urine. To help the stranguary. For whichpurpose the decoction of the herb or roots in white wine, is mostusual, or the powder of the small kernelly root, which is called theseed, taken in white wine, or in the same decoction made with whitewine, is most usual the distilled water of the whole herb, rootand flowers, is most familiar to be taken it provokes also womencourses, and frees and cleanses the stomach and lungs from thick andtough phlegm that trouble them there are not thesis better medicines tobreak the stone than this burnet saxifrage descript the greater sort of our english burnet saxifrage growsup with divers long stalks of winged leaves, set directly oppositeone to another on both sides, each being essaywhat broad, and a littlepointed and dented about the edges, of a sad green colour at the topof the stalks stand umbels of white flowers, after which come small andblackish seed the root is long and whitish, abiding long our lesserburnet saxifrage hath much finer leaves than the former, and verysmall, and set one against another, deeply jagged about the edges, andof the same colour as the former the umbels of the flowers are white, and the seed very small, and so is the root, being also essaywhat hotand quick in taste place these grow in moist meadows of this land, and are easy to befound being well sought for among the grass, wherein thesis times theylay hid scarcely to be discerned time they flower about july, and their seed is ripe in august government and virtues they are both of them herbs of the moon the saxifrages are hot as pepper. And tragus saith, by his experience, that they are wholeessay they have the same properties the parsleyshave, but in provoking urine, and causing the pains thereof, and ofthe wind and colic, are much more effectual, the roots or seed beingused either in powder, or in decoctions, or any other way. And likewisehelps the windy pains of the mother, and to procure their courses, andto break and void the stone in the kidneys, to digest cold, viscous, and tough phlegm in the stomach, and is an especial remedy against allkind of venom castoreum being boiled in the distilled water thereof, is singularly good to be given to those that are troubled with crampsand convulsions essay do use to make the seeds into comfits as they docarraway seeds which is effectual to all the purposes aforesaid thejuice of the herb dropped into the most grievous wounds of the head, dries up their moisture, and heals them quickly essay women use thedistilled water to take away freckles or spots in the skin or face. Andto drink the same sweetened with sugar for all the purposes aforesaid scabious, three sorts descript common field scabious grows up with thesis hairy, soft, whitish green leaves, essay whereof are very little, if at all jaggedon the edges, others very much rent and torn on the sides, and havethreads in them, which upon breaking may be plainly seen.