History

Psychology Essay


Boiled in ordinary beer, and thedecoction drank, doth the like. And if her womb be not as she wouldhave it, this decoction will make it so let those women that desirechildren love this herb, it is their best companion, their husbandsexcepted also it consumes the phlegmatic humours, the cold andmoist constitution of winter most usually affects the body of manwith, and that was the first reason of eating tansies in the spring the decoction of the common tansy, or the juice drank in wine, is asingular remedy for all the griefs that come by slopping of the urine, helps the stranguary and those that have weak reins and kidneys it isalso very profitable to dissolve and expel wind in the stomach, belly, or bowels, to procure women courses, and expel windiness in thematrix, if it be bruised and often smelled unto, as also applied to thelower writing of the belly it is also very profitable for such women asare given to miscarry it is used also against the stone in the reins, especially to men the herb fried with eggs as it is the custom inthe spring-time which is called a tansy, helps to digest and carrydownward those bad humours that trouble the stomach the seed is veryprofitably given to children for the worms, and the juice in drink isas effectual being boiled in oil, it is good for the sinews shrunk bycramps, or pained with colds, if thereto applied wild tansy, or silver weed this is also so well known, that it needs no description place it grows in every place time it flowers in june and july government and virtues now dame venus hath fitted women withtwo herbs of one name, the one to help conception, and the other tomaintain beauty, and what more can be expected of her?. what now remainsfor you, but to love your husbands, and not to be wanting to your poorneighbours?. wild tansy stays the lask, and all the fluxes of blood inmen and women, which essay say it will do, if the green herb be worn inthe shoes, so it be next the skin. And it is true enough, that it willstop the terms, if worn so, and the whites too, for ought i know itstays also spitting or vomiting of blood the powder of the herb takenin essay of the distilled water, helps the whites in women, but moreespecially if a little coral and ivory in powder be put to it it isalso recommended to help children that are bursten, and have a rupture, being boiled in water and salt being boiled in water and drank, iteases the griping pains of the bowels, and is good for the sciaticaand joint-aches the same boiled in vinegar, with honey and allum, and gargled in the mouth, eases the pains of the tooth-ache, fastensloose teeth, helps the gums that are sore, and settles the palate ofthe mouth in its place, when it is fallen down it cleanses and healsulcers in the mouth, or secret writings, and is very good for inwardwounds, and to close the lips of green wounds, and to heal old, moist, and corrupt running sores in the legs or elsewhere being bruisedand applied to the soles of the feet and hand wrists, it wonderfullycools the hot fits of agues, be they never so violent the distilledwater cleanses the skin of all discolourings therein, as morphew, sun-burnings, &c as also pimples, freckles, and the like.

Helps the cough, wheezings, andshortness of breath, and all the defects of the reins and bladder, expelling the gravel and stone it is held to be good against thebiting of serpents, and other venomous beasts, against the plague, and both tertian and quartan agues it consolidates and heals alsoall wounds, both inward and outward, stays bleedings, and used withessay honey, heals all old ulcers and fistulas in the legs or otherwritings of the body. As also those ulcers that happen in the mouth. Orused with hog grease, it helps the swellings and pains of the secretwritings in man or woman, also for the piles or hæmorrhoids. Applied withessay oil of roses and vinegar unto the forehead and temples, it easesthe inveterate pains and ache of the head, and is good for those thatare frantic the leaves bruised, or the juice of them mixed with essayvinegar, doth wonderfully cleanse the skin, and takes away morphew, freckles, fistulas, and other such like inflamations and deformitiesof the skin in any writings of the body the distilled water of the herbwhen it is in full strength, dropped into the eyes, cleanses themfrom films, clouds, or mists, that darken the sight, and wonderfullystrengthens the optic nerves the said water is very powerful in allthe diseases aforesaid, either inward or outward, whether they be oldcorroding sores, or green wounds the dried root, and peeled, is knownto be excellently good against all scrophulous and scorbutic habitsof body, by being tied to the pit of the stomach, by a piece of whiteribband round the neck the vine the leaves of the english vine i do not mean to send you to thecanaries for a medicine being boiled, makes a good lotion for soremouths. Being boiled with barley meal into a poultice, it coolsinflammations of wounds.

Am j m sc 150:25 july 1920 salvarsan. Abrogate the patentthe journal has already commented on the difficulty in securingsalvarsan, on the moral and ethical question as to whether or not it isjustifiable for one person to control the output of a drug necessary topublic health this week we publish an account of the action of the st louis and chicago medical societies, which are calling on the medicalprofession to appeal to their senators and congressmen to abrogate thispatent the journal believes that this patent should be abrogated, notalone because the patentees have not supplied the demand, not alonebecause they have dictated to the medical profession who should havethe drug and how much a physician might have, not alone because ofthe war with gerthesis, not alone because of the special needs of thegovernment at this time for the control of venereal diseases, not alonebecause, as essay claim, the patent at washington does not correctlydescribe the product, but also because the people who are supplyingthis product are charging prices that are exorbitant compared to theprice at which others in this country can supply it the fact is thatthe salvarsan one can obtain today costs $4 50 per ampule of 0 6 gram, whereas the same dose of arsenobenzol-- a preparation identical with, ifnot better than, salvarsan-- costs $2 00 at retail, and as dr schambergsays. “if we are permitted to continue marketing the same drug afterthe war, we can sell it at $1 00 or less per tube ” to abrogate thispatent would be doing an injury to no one certainly the patentees ofsalvarsan have already reaped their harvest-- and a pretty rich one thesupply of salvarsan at a reasonable price in proportion to its actualcost of production is in the interest of the health of the entirepopulation of the country, whereas to let matters rest as they are, is to the benefit of one man while we are emphasizing here the cost, there is after all a greater question, and that is the supply necessaryto help control the ravages of one of the most serious diseaseswhich afflict humanity today it is the duty of congress to abrogatethe patent on this preparation and, incidentally, on all medicinalpreparations of importance -- editorial from the journal a m a , april 21, 1917 end the monopolythe adamson bill, known as the “trading with the enemy act, ” hasrecently been passed by the house of representatives, is now beforethe senate, and will doubtless be enacted into a law one of itsclauses confers authority on the federal trade commission to grantlicenses to citizens of this country to operate patents owned by enemyaliens physicians are interested in the bill primarily because itincludes the salvarsan situation the manner in which salvarsan hasbeen supplied in this country has been so arbitrary and the pricescharged so tremendously above the actual cost, that we should not besatisfied unless the monopoly is ended so that the drug can be suppliedat least at a fairly moderate figure, and the old methods eliminated it is to be hoped, therefore, that the federal trade commission willnot grant exclusive control-- that is, exclusive license-- to any oneperson or firm to do so would simply perpetuate the old monopoly andthe old conditions england has adopted a law, which, in principle, is similar to the adamson bill, and there several concerns have beenlicensed to manufacture the product the same should be done here thedermatologic research laboratories of philadelphia announce that theycan supply arsenobenzol at $1 50 a tube, and that there is immediatelyavailable a supply sufficient for any demand that may be made the samelaboratories have announced also that in a few months they will be ableto supply hospitals for $1 00 a tube considerable responsibility restson the federal trade commission in this matter, for it is not only aquestion of monopoly, but also a question of scientific qualificationsand ability to make the product on the writing of essay who may makeapplication undoubtedly the commission will secure the cooperation ofthe united states public health service, under whose supervision thesedrugs should be manufactured no matter who shall be licensed to makethe product -- editorial from the journal a m a , july 21, 1917 arsphenaminno, this is not a new chemical. It is simply the name adoptedby the federal trade commission for the hydrochlorid of3-diamino-4-dihydroxy-1-arsenobenzene-- in other words, salvarsan asour readers already have been informed three firms have been licensedto manufacture and sell arsphenamin. But, while each manufacturer mayhave his own trade name on the label, the official name must be theprominent one on all packages hence, physicians should at once make ita point to learn and use the name “arsphenamin” in place of salvarsan at first sight, arsphenamin looks formidable in reality, it is just aseasy to familiarize oneself with the word “arsphenamin” as it was tolearn to use the terms “salvarsan, ” “arsenobenzol” or any other of thetrade names -- editorial from the journal a m a , jan 19, 1918 beer and cancer cures did the brewing interests advertise autolysin?. Our readers may remember that an article appeared in this dewritingment ofthe journal for july 6, 1918, under the title “henry smith williams and‘proteal therapy ’” “proteal therapy” is a treatment exploited by henrysmith williams, m d , of new york, for use in tuberculosis, cancer, rheumatism, etc it is apparently a modification of the “autolysin”cancer “cure” which williams had previously puffed in heartmagazine the journal article pointed out that henry smith williams, althoughentitled to write “m d ” after his name, is essentially a journalist he has written voluminously for essay years in lay publications onvarious subjects, both under his own name and under his nom de plume, “stoddard goodhue, m d ” in addition, williams runs a publishingconcern called the goodhue company, which issues a number of books, thesis of them being reprints of williams’ own articles closely associated with henry smith williams is his brother, edwardhuntington williams, who also is a prolific writer the journalprevious article called attention to the fact that there had been sentbroadcast to physicians a neat little cloth-bound book, entitled, “alcohol, hygiene and legislation ” this book, which evidently costessaybody a good deal of money to distribute gratis, was published bythe goodhue company, and was written by edward huntington williams enclosed with the book was an advertising leaflet on the “autolysin”cancer cure and also a letter from the goodhue company, askingphysicians to accept it “with our compliments and the compliments ofthe author ” the letter was chiefly devoted to calling attention tohenry smith williams’ “new book, the autolysin treatment of cancer ”the last thirteen pages of the book “alcohol, hygiene and legislation”contained advertisements of the goodhue company publications, writingicular emphasis being placed on the “autolysin treatment ofcancer, ” by henry smith williams so much by way of retrospect now comes information that may throwan interesting side-light on the matter just presented there is atpresent being conducted by a committee of the united states senate, an investigation relative to the purchase of a washington d c newspaper with money alleged to have been furnished by those interestedin the brewing industry at the opening hearing before the senate committee, tuesday, november19, the secretary of the united states brewers’ association, afteradmitting that brewers’ propaganda had been published in theinternational monthly, edited by viereck of the fatherland, alsodeclared that the publication committee of the brewers’ associationemployed writers to “write up certain subjects” relating to thebrewers’ trade one of the writers mentioned in this connection was, according to the newspaper reports, “dr edward h williams, author ofarticles published in medical and other journals ”with this fact before us, it seemed worth while to go through thebook that had been distributed so lavishly to physicians with thecompliments of the goodhue company and dr edward huntington williams, in the exploitation of “autolysin, ” and henry smith williams’ book onthe subject the first chapter of “alcohol, hygiene and legislation” consists ofa reprint of an article from the new york medical journal of may8, 1915 the article is a skilful presentation of the case for thedefenders of the lighter alcoholic beverages, especially beer thischapter and all succeeding chapters of the book attempt to discreditprohibitory legislation, and argue that prohibition drives the publicto the use of the more ardent alcoholic beverages, while preventing theuse of the milder beverages, such as beer, which one is led to inferis not writingicularly harmful throughout the book, also, the state ofkansas is held up as an example of the harm done by prohibition, andthe theme is developed that insanity and the use of cocain and otherhabit-forming drugs follows in the wake of prohibition the followingextracts are from chapter i. The evil effects of beer and wine, for example, are greatly less than those produced by spirituous liquors italics ours -- ed if our theory of immunity is correct we should expect to find that the older beverages, such as beer and wine, which have been used for thousands of years, are less productive of alcoholic insanity, for example, than the spirituous liquors which are recent innovations in point of fact we find this to be the case. The spirituous liquors are almost wholly responsible for all forms of alcoholic insanity italics ours -- ed chapter ii is a reprint of an article that appeared in everybodymagazine, august 1914, and deals with “legislation from a medicalviewpoint ” it is to the effect that drug addiction and insanity, together with special forms of mental disease directly attributable toalcoholism, seem to flourish best in prohibition territory chapter iii deals with “the peace and war footing of alcohol, ” andis a reprint from the medical record, aug 7, 1915 it, too, singsthe praises of the “lighter beverages, ” while deprecating the use of“ardent spirits ” for instance. An overwhelmingly large proportion of persons who develop alcoholic psychoses in america are drinkers of whisky, or essay corresponding ardent spirit, whereas this condition is seldom seen in beer and wine drinkers italics ours -- ed thus we find the highest percentage of alcohol psychoses among the whisky drinkers who come from western europe, while the wine and beer drinking races of central and southern europe show a distinctly lower percentage, in essay instances only about one-fourth as thesis per thousand italics ours -- ed chapter iv deals with “essay aspects of liquor legislation ” likechapter ii it is an indictment of prohibition, and the united statescensus bureau reports are called on to sustain this thesis quotations, too, are made from the writings of henry smith williamsfurther to prove the point “dry” kansas and “wet” nebraska arefrequently compared, to the detriment of the former one who acceptsthe statements in this chapter will get the impression that kansas hasmore lawlessness, illiteracy, pauperism, and insanity than nebraska chapter v deals with “the problem of legislation ” it is based on thepremise that “prohibition does not prevent the consumption of liquor, ”but on the contrary, “prohibitive legislation induces the consumptionof the most harmful form of liquors ” stated in another way, it isequivalent to charging that prohibition is hard on the brewers, butbeneficial to the distillers in fact, e h williams, in another book “the question of alcohol”-- goodhue co which also champions the casefor the milder alcoholics, quotes henry smith williams as saying, relative to prohibitory legislation. “in general, it would appearthat, if our legislators of recent years had been in league with thedistiller, they could not have served his purpose better ”whether or not edward h williams’ or henry smith williams’ conceptionof the alcohol problem is good, bad or indifferent, need not at thistime concern us the medical profession, however, has a right to asktwo questions. First, is the dr edward huntington williams who wrote“alcohol, hygiene and legislation” the “dr edward h williams” who wasemployed by the brewers to write propaganda favorable to the brewinginterests?. second, was the cloth-bound book, “alcohol, hygiene andlegislation, ” which was distributed by the williams brothers, paid for, wholly or in writing, by the united states brewers’ association?. For those who wish to read dr edward huntington williams’ opinion onthe alcohol question, the following bibliography may be of service. “liquor legislation and insanity”. Medical record 84:791, 1913 “the liquor question in medicine”. Medical record 85:612, 1914 “inebriety as a medical problem”.

in a word, am i really practicing medicine, or am i an unpaidagent and a dupe of nostrum makers?. there are other revolutions thanpolitical the public can be wronged just as certainly by the abuse ofits confidence in clinicians as by the usurpers of political power, andwhen the public is thoroughly aroused the heavy hand of retributionis not likely to be too discriminating that the sins of cliniciansare standing out plain for any one who wishes to read is becoming moreand more evident there is but one short and ugly word that properlycharacterizes the physician who accepts a fee for prescribing thatabout which he has no more knowledge than has the one for whom heprescribes it are you with the nostrum makers or with decent medicine?. The article below is the first of a series written for the journalby one who is thoroughly conversant with the work of the council onpharmacy and chemistry and can speak authoritatively on questionsdealing with the action of drugs and the treatment of diseases webelieve that these articles will prove of interest and profit and thatthey will help physicians to answer the questions just propounded article i bell-ans pa-pay-ans bellhh see also ?. ?. ?. ?. {sic}bell-ans, for years advertised only in medical journals under the name“pa-pay-ans bell, ” is now advertised in newspapers as a remedy that“absolutely removes indigestion ” as it is still being advertised tophysicians, we propose to analyze the claims made for it with as muchcare as would be exercised in the discussion of the newest discovery inmedicine, because we believe that it is desirable to show the trend ofexploitation of a certain type of preparation in the medical press in the new york medical journal the following advertisement recentlyappeared on the front cover:illustration.

  • who is the best essay writing service
  • religious liberty essay scholarship contest
  • help with writing a thesis statement
  • paper writing services for college
  • example essay outline
  • sample narrative essay
  • music homework help
  • growing up essay
  • pearson essay scorer
  • common app essay requirements
  • custom essay services writing
  • mla essay format example
  • comparison and contrast essay
  • essay on poverty
  • 5 paragraph essay outline template
  • medical residency personal statement writing service
  • failure essay example
  • tuesdays with morrie essay
  • example of a narrative essay
  • who can do my accounting homework
  • immigrant essay

it is none of their business what is the best treatment for gonorrhea-- by what possibility could they ever know it, and why should their literature pretend to the combined wisdom of neisser and guyon?. what right have z and company to send on a card directions for the treatment of anemia and dyspepsia, about which subjects they know as much as an unborn babe, and, if they stick to their legitimate business, about the same opportunity of getting information?. for years the profession has been exploited in this way, until the evil has become unbearable, and we need as active a crusade against the pseudoscience in the profession as has been waged of late against the use of quack medicines by the public we have been altogether too submissive, and have gradually allowed those who should be our willing helpers to dictate terms and to play the rôle of masters far too large a section of the treatment of disease is today controlled by the big manufacturing pharmacists, who have enslaved us in a plausible pseudoscience what shall the profession do to protect itself against thishumiliation-- to throw off the credulity that extols pseudoscience andmakes commercialized empiricism financially profitable?. osler saysthe remedy is obvious. “give our students a firsthand acquaintancewith disease, and give them a thorough practical knowledge of thegreat drugs, and we will send out independent, clear-headed, cautiouspractitioners who will do their own thinking and be no longer atthe mercy of the meretricious literature, which has sapped ourindependence ” excellent!. but must humanity wait a generation?. why notstop this evil at once?. the american medical association has providedthe means whereby this can be done, if physicians will only make useof it-- the council on pharmacy and chemistry -- editorial from thejournal a m a , july 12, 1919 an alleged endorsement of proteogens repudiatedto the editor:-- i note in the issue of the journal for july 12, astatement regarding the so-called “proteogens” manufactured by the wm s merrell company of cincinnati my attention has been called to the fact that salesmen of this companyhave been exhibiting a letter purporting to show that this dewritingmenthas endorsed their products in the treatment of venereal diseases the letter in question was written by a physician employed in one ofthe clinics conducted jointly by this dewritingment and the u s publichealth service, and the stationery of the dewritingment was used withoutauthority the physician in question has made numerous efforts torecall the letter, but the merrell people profess an inability tocontrol its use i need not add that this dewritingment has not endorsed and will notendorse these products, and has no evidence that they are of any valuewhatsoever allen w freeman, m d , commissioner of health, state of ohio, state dewritingment of health -- correspondence in the journal a m a , july 26, 1919 the manufacturer protest and a replyto the editor:-- allow us to direct your attention to severalmisstatements which appear in the letter signed, “allen w freeman, m d , commissioner of health, state of ohio, ” published in the journalof the american medical association for july 26 1 salesmen of this company have not been exhibiting a “letterpurporting to show that this dewritingment has endorsed their products inthe treatment of venereal diseases, ” as stated by dr freeman 2 the author of the letter has not “made numerous efforts to recallthe letter, but the merrell people profess an inability to control itsuse, ” as stated by dr freeman a physician employed in one of the clinics used our proteogens nos 10and 11 extensively and is still using them to a large extent in hisprivate practice he is a man of standing in the community in whichhe practices and is also a professor in one of the leading medicalcolleges in the state the letter in question cites the case of a man who had been undertreatment for three years with 606, 914 and most of the othertreatments in general use, and on august 31, a year ago, still gavea wassermann test plus 4 he was given proteogen no 10, and bythe middle of december the wassermann was negative and the man wasdischarged as cured while this letter was written on the stationery of the bureau ofvenereal diseases of the dewritingment of health, state of ohio, it waswritten in the first person, and made no pretension in any way to beingofficial nor was any such pretense made or authorized by the merrellcompany the author of the letter has not made “numerous efforts to recall theletter, ” nor has the merrell company “professed an inability to controlits use ”the physician did ask that the letter be returned to him, and hisrequest was complied with promptly then follows the full text of the letter in question as its contentshave no bearing on the question under discussion, it is omitted -- ed in over ninety-one years of honorable service as manufacturers ofmedicinal preparations, the wm s merrell company has never endeavoredto advance its interests through misrepresentation the wm s merrell company, chas g merrell, pres the letter above was submitted to dr allen w freeman, commissionerof health of the state of ohio dr freeman comments appearbelow -- ed to the editor:-- the plain issue of veracity raised in thecommunication of the merrell company must be settled on the evidence, which is unfortunately too voluminous to be published in full in thejournal copies of the correspondence in the case have been furnishedthe editor, and the originals are on file in the office of the statedewritingment of health in columbus 1 whether or not the photographic reproduction of a letter written onthe letter head of this dewritingment, and the distribution of copies tosalesmen for display to physicians, was a conscious effort on the writingof the firm in question to create the impression that the letter wasan official one is perhaps a matter of inference that it did createsuch an impression is evidenced by the letters of inquiry received fromphysicians who saw it 2 the statement that the merrell company refused to return theletter is perhaps erroneous they did apparently return the originalletter but not the photographic copies which had been distributed totheir salesmen on may 22 the firm wrote as follows. “a number of physicians who are in cooperation with both state and national bureaus of venereal diseases have been using our proteogens with marked success and there are doubtless thesis letters carried by our salesmen-- reports from essay of these physicians ”this was interpreted to mean that the firm had no method of knowingwhat letters were carried by their salesmen and was not responsible forthem whether or not this interpretation is correct is again, perhaps, a matter of opinion the purpose of the original communication was to make plain to thoseof the profession who have already seen or might subsequently see theletter referred to that the communication was the expression of anindividual and not of the dewritingment a w freeman, commissioner -- correspondence in the journal a m a , sept 6, 1919 details of the alleged endorsement of proteogensour readers will remember the recent correspondence published in thejournal of july 26 and september 6, by dr a w freeman, commissionerof health of the state of ohio and the wm s merrell co the lettersdealt with the use that had been made by the wm s merrell co of aletter, written on the official stationery of the bureau of venerealdiseases of the state dewritingment of health of ohio, puffing one of thecompany proprietary remedies-- proteogen no 10 dr freeman wrote to the journal calling the attention of theprofession to the use of this letter and explaining that the letterwas merely the expression of opinion of an individual, and not anexpression from the state dewritingment of health the wm s merrell co took exception to certain inferences made in dr freeman letter andin the course of a letter to the journal regarding this, incorporatedthe contents of the testimonial letter the journal, in publishingthe merrell letter, omitted this testimonial on the ground thatthe contents of the letter had no bearing on the question underdiscussion we have now received a letter from the company protesting against thisomission the journal, therefore, takes this opportunity of brieflyrestating such facts as it has been able to get regarding the entirematter and publishing the letter the facts are as follows:1 in february of this year a cincinnati physician, dr c j broeman, wrote to dr a s horovitz relative to alleged results with proteogenno 10 the letter was written-- without authority-- on the officialstationery of the bureau of venereal diseases of the state dewritingmentof health of ohio 2 the wm s merrell co had linen mounted photographs made of dr broeman letter and distributed them to their proteogen detail men accompanying these photographic copies was a communication to thesedetail men describing the photographed letter as one written by. “ a cincinnati physician who is now acting assistant surgeon, u s public health service, cooperating with the bureau of venereal diseases of the dewritingment of health of the state of ohio ”3 the right hand top corner of the official stationery, as can beseen by the reproduction, bore the name of “james d bauman, deputycommissioner ” dr broeman signature was rather illegible and couldeasily be mistaken, by those not knowing the handwriting of eitherman, for the signature of deputy commissioner bauman in at least oneinstance it was so mistaken, and the physician who was misled wrote tothe director of the bureau asking whether the testimonial for proteogenno 10 which had been shown him by the merrell detail man was really anofficial communication 4 on may 15, 1919, commissioner of health freeman wrote to themerrell co stating that he had been informed that one of the merrellrepresentatives was using as an advertisement a letter bearing theletterhead of the bureau of venereal diseases of the state dewritingmentof health and what purported to be a report signed by “mr bauman, deputy commissioner ”5 on may 19, the wm s merrell co wrote dr freeman that he wascertainly mistaken in regard to the use of any “report signed bymr bauman ” dr freeman then sent to the company the letter he hadreceived from the physician who had mistaken broeman letter for anofficial letter by bauman although it would seem that this letterand commissioner freeman protest should have made plain to the wm s merrell co , the fact that the letter, incorrectly referred toas mr bauman, was in reality dr broeman, the company remainedsilent regarding its use of the broeman letter and, on may 22, merelyreiterated that there had been “no letter circulated by this companycontaining a testimonial of your mr bauman ” on may 28 six dayslater the merrell company sent to its proteogen detail men anothergeneral letter, “for personal use of agents, ” in which it again calledtheir attention to the “photographic copy mounted on linen” of dr broeman letter this communication to the detail men also declaredthat it “has been suggested that the further use of dr broemanletter might antagonize the state dewritingment of health” and, thereforethe detail men were told to “discontinue using the photographic copy inquestion” and to return the photographs to the head office illustration.