History

Proposal Argument Essay


Inthe distilleries it becomes a writing of the distillers’ grains that areextensively employed as feeds in the dairy industry still newer is the indication that yeast is comparatively rich in atleast one of the as yet unidentified accessory factors in nutritionnow popularly spoken of as vitamins hopkins of the university ofcambridge, england, first directed attention to this unique property ofyeast it has been verified by funk and macallum, and recently osborneand mendel have given substantial evidence of the potency of yeast torender a diet not otherwise capable of inducing maintenance effectivein nutrition yeast has been used, like extracts of rice polishings, to cure theexperimental polyneuritis induced in birds by a diet of polished rice from the experiments of osborne and mendel it appears that less than 2per cent of dried brewers’ yeast suffices to induce small experimentalanimals to grow on artificial food mixtures on which alone they failto thrive how the use of yeast as an adjuvant to otherwise inadequatefood mixtures exerts its beneficial effect is not yet made clear satisfactory growth in these paper is promoted by liberal eating anything which renders food more palatable may stimulate one to eatmore liberally of it this can scarcely be the explanation of thepotency of the yeast as it is effective even when fed awriting from therest of the food it may have a favorable effect on the metabolism andthus improve the general condition so that more food is consumed smallquantities of milk and extracts of thesis of the common proposal argument essay plant foods, such as the cereal grains, have been found to act in the same way there seems to be little doubt, therefore, that yeast also containsessaything comparable with the so-called water-soluble vitamins of thediet a specific need for yeast can scarcely be predicated on thisfact, however. For any well selected human dietary containing the usualvariety of animal and vegetable foods is not likely to be devoid ofthe widely distributed water-soluble type of vitamin we mention thisto check premature enthusiasm for a new vitamin -- editorial from thejournal a m a , sept 8, 1917 yeast and its uses to the editor:-- is there available information concerning the medicinal use of yeast?. how is it taken?. i should like to know whether the use of it would cause any digestive disturbance, and whether the flesh gained is normal and permanent s e l , bridgeport, conn answer -- yeast is one of those remedies that have undergone alternatingcycles of use and of disuse. Just at present it appears again to bein its ascendency no doubt, the reason for these cycles has beenexcessive praise and uncritical use, followed by disappointment andconsequent discard hawk and his associates hawk, p b. Knowles, f c. Rehfuss, m e , and clarke, j a. The use of bakers’ yeast in diseases of the skin andof the gastro-intestinal tract, the journal, oct 13, 1917, p 1243have recently called renewed attention to its laxative qualities when from one-half to one cake of yeast was given three times dailybefore meals, it produced regular bowel movements in a number ofpatients suffering from constipation that this result is not dueto any vital processes in the yeast is shown by the fact that yeastkilled by boiling water was employed with success it is suggested thatsuch yeast might be preferred for patients troubled with flatulence aside from the tendency of living yeast to produce diarrhea, and thepossibility that it may aggravate flatulence, no digestive disturbancehas been charged against it aaron, in his “diseases of the digestiveorgans, ” speaks favorably of its use in atonic constipation the much debated question whether yeast may serve as a food can beanswered in the affirmative in view of such work as that of the germanson “nährhefe”-- yeast food schottelius, deutsch med wchnschr , july8, 1915, p 817 and boruttau ibid , july 29, 1915, p 924 andof hawk and his associates there is no reason to assume that weightgained under its use would be more readily lost than weight gainedfrom any other food however, in view of its laxative action, theaverage individual can ingest only from 1 to 2 gm of nitrogen a day inthis form this obviously greatly limits its value as a food owing toits high nuclein content, it is contraindicated in gout as a source of water soluble growth promoting as well as antineuriticvitamin, yeast has become thoroughly established as the result ofthe recent works of numerous investigators however, as such commonfoods as milk, rice, wheat, oats and beans also contain such vitamin, there is little likelihood of its proving of therapeutic value on thataccount in other words, yeast and other vitamin containing foods havespecific growth promoting qualities only when the stunting is due tolack of vitamin a minute amount of this substance suffices to producemaximal results more is of no use hess proc soc exper biol &med 13:145, 1916 found yeast of no value in infantile scurvy the most important question in connection with yeast therapy is to whatextent it is endowed with “antibiotic” power, that is, to what degreeit is capable of inhibiting the growth of other organisms that thisfrequently occurs in cultures in vitro is shown by the fact that yeastcontamination may practically eradicate the growth of certain otherorganisms that, on the other hand, this is not true for all forms ofbacterial life is shown by the fact that there is definite symbiosisbetween yeast and lactic acid bacilli northrup. Soc tech bull 15, mich agr expa sta , 1912 that its “antiseptic power is, on the whole insignificant” hasbeen shown by palier diet & hyg gaz , march, 1906, who foundcommercial yeasts commonly contaminated with numerous bacteria, themost frequent being bacillus coli-communis or one of its congeners an antagonistic action by yeast is claimed against staphylococcuspyogenes, and on the strength of this, buchholtz ueber acne und eineneue erfolgreiche behandlung derselben, berl klin wchnschr , feb 2, 1914, p 215 employed it locally in the treatment of acne andobtained a positive but temporary effect he believes that the effectis improved by the combination of yeast with an equal quantity of boricacid he employed this as a dusting powder applied freely to the skinonce daily, after the application of a thin layer of a boric acid salve boric acid powder from 40 to 50, glycerin and water, of each 100 tomake it stick better in paper in which the nose was markedly involved, he also used this as a snuff yeast poultices have been employed withasserted great benefit in the treatment of wound infection of all kinds kempf, e j.

Compt rend soc de biol 54:648, 1902 lability -- neutral secretin is but feebly attacked by a temperatureof 100 c if heated in an autoclave so as to prevent oxidation, thistemperature can be continued for thirty minutes without any changein its activity increasing the temperature increases the speed ofdestruction, so that at 140 c the destructive action is marked 61autoclaving at 15 pounds for fifteen minutes, as an ordinarysterilization of culture mediums, produces, we found, a distinct thoughnot serious decrease in activity secretin acidified to fifth-normalwith hydrochloric acid loses 60 per cent of its activity on fifteenminutes boiling secretin, alkalinized to fifth-normal with sodiumhydroxid loses 95 per cent of its activity in five minutes’ boiling;decreases to a trace in thirty minutes, and disappears entirely insixty minutes at room temperature, with fifth-normal alkalinity, 80per cent of secretin is destroyed in eight hours 61 the destructionprobably means a secondary cleavage of the secretin molecule itself proposal argument essay 61 lalou note 21 may. Jour physiol 30:400, 1904 secretin is oxidized readily if left standing uncovered for a summerday, the preparation will be inactive 51 even if kept in theice-chest no other precaution being taken, its activity is lost ina very few days sunlight undoubtedly hastens the oxidative process if care is taken as to sterility, however, and the secretin is kept inthe ice-chest, well stoppered and in a dark flask, it will retain itsactivity for several weeks dixon and hamill51 claimed that secretin disappears quantitatively onpassage through a berkefeld filter at 5 mm pressure lalou, 62 usinghigher pressure, was unable to confirm the finding, but obtained amarked decrease in activity our results are in accord with those oflalou 62 launoy. Arch internat de physiol 3:62, 1906 morel andterroine. Compt rend soc de biol 67:36, 1909 zunz. Arch internat de physiol 8:181, 1909 lalou. Jour de physiol 14:465, 1912 analogy to epinephrin -- the analogy of secretin to epinephrindoes not generally receive enough emphasis both substances arenonspecific in distribution, but specific chemically, and especiallyphysiologically, epinephrin acting on the myoneural junctions, secretinon intestinal digestion they are both relatively simple substancesof low molecular weight, and subject to rapid oxidation whereby theirproperties disappear the action in both paper is very transient theyare the two examples of what starling calls the “acute hormones, ” inwhich it is essential that reaction take place immediately, and shalldisappear as soon as the exciting cause is removed 6363 starling. Proc roy soc med , 8, no 4, 1914, therap and pharm section, p 29 clinical use of secretindiabetes mellitus -- moore, edie and abram64 were the first tosuggest a therapeutic value for secretin, having obtained favorableresults with secretin administration in diabetes they argued that theinternal secretion of the pancreas may be stimulated by secretin, and that essay paper of diabetes may be due to lack of this necessaryexcitant owing to the importance of the question, their announcementwas followed quickly by numerous investigations by other observers previously, spriggs, at the suggestion of starling, had triedintravenous injections of secretin free from depressor substance in adiabetic patient, and had obtained negative results moore, edie andabram gave their secretin by mouth over long periods of the five papercited in their first paper, two were negative the third was that of aman, aged 25, who received daily 30 c c of secretin after a latentperiod of three weeks, the sugar suddenly fell, and after four monthsthe urine was sugar-free six months later a relapse occurred with thedevelopment of phthisis and death the other two patients were a boy, aged 7, and a girl, aged 9, whose urine in from three to five weeksbecame sugar free during the secretin treatment in spite of severediabetes one of these patients later relapsed 65 bainbridge andbeddard66 gave secretin a thorough trial in three paper with negativeresults, and are disposed to attribute the results of moore to dieting dakin and ransom67 cited one case, secretin being given for twelveweeks, with negative results. Foster, 65 nine paper, all negative;charles, 68 three paper, all negative crofton, 69 however, gavesecretin a trial in one case with favorable results moore, edie andabram, in a later paper, 70 report a large number of paper tried withthe majority of results negative, though in essay paper an improvementin the digestion, and in certain paper an increase of weight was noted 64 moore, edie and abram. Biochem jour , 1:28, 1906 65 foster. Jour biol chem , 2:297, 1906 66 bainbridge and beddard. Biochem jour , 1:429, 1906 67 dakin and ransom. Jour biol chem , 2:305, 1906 68 charles.

But the chapter does not apply todentists regulations - the board has authority to prescribe and establish allneedful rules and regulations to carry this chapter into effect s 9 former practitioner - all persons licensed under sec 2, 289 of the lawsof washington territory, 1881, or having complied with its provisions, are to be taken and considered as licensed under this act, and thesecretary of the board is required to enter the names of such personsupon the register kept by him, as licensed physicians and surgeons ontheir written application 10 fee - to the treasurer of the board, for examination, $10 s 3 west proposal argument essay virginia qualification - the following persons and no others are permitted topractise medicine:1 graduates of a reputable medical college in the school of medicineto which the person desiring to practise belongs such person mustpresent his diploma to the state board of health, or the two membersthereof in his congressional district, and if it be found to be genuineand was issued by such medical college as hereinafter mentioned, andthe person presenting it be the graduate therein named, the board orsaid two members, as the case may be, must issue and deliver to hima certificate to that effect, and such diploma and certificate shallentitle the person named in the diploma to practise medicine in all itsdewritingments 2 persons not graduates in medicine who had practised medicine in thisstate under a certificate issued by the state board of health prior tothe passage of the act are authorized to practise medicine in all itsdewritingments 3 a person not a graduate of medicine and who has not practisedmedicine in this state under a certificate must be examined by thestate board of health, or the two members thereof in the congressionaldistrict where he resides, or if he resides out of the state by thetwo members in the congressional district nearest to his place ofresidence, who, together with a member of the local board of health whois a physician, if there be such a member of the local board of healthof the county in which the examination is held, shall examine him andif upon a full examination they find him qualified to practise medicinein all its dewritingments, they, or a majority of them, shall grant hima certificate to that effect, and thereafter he shall have the rightto practise medicine in the state to the same extent as if he had thediploma and certificate above mentioned the members of the state boardof health in each congressional district must, by publication in essaynewspaper printed in the county in which their meeting is to be held, or if no such paper is printed therein, in essay newspaper of generalcirculation in such district, give at least twenty-one days’ notice ofthe time and place of their meeting for the examination of applicantsfor permission to practise medicine, published at least once a week forthree consecutive weeks before the day of such meeting this section does not apply to a physician or surgeon called fromanother state to treat a writingicular case or to perform a writingicularsurgical operation in the state, or who does not otherwise practise inthe state code of w va , 1891, c 150, s 9 every person holding a certificate must have it recorded in the officeof the secretary of the state board of health, and the secretary isrequired to indorse on said certificate the fact of such recordationand deliver the same to the person named therein or his order the state board of health may refuse certificates to individuals guiltyof malpractice or dishonorable conduct, and may revoke certificates forlike causes. Such revocation being after due notice and trial by thesaid board, with right of appeal to the circuit court of the county inwhich such individual resides. But no such refusal or revocation shallbe made by reason of his belonging to or practising in any writingicularschool or system of medicine 10 the examination fee is not retained if a certificate is refused, butthe applicant may again, at any time within a year after refusal, beexamined without an additional fee, and if a certificate be againrefused he may, as often as he sees fit, on payment of the fee, beexamined until he obtains a certificate 11 examinations may be wholly or writingly in writing, and shall be of anelementary and practical character, embracing the general subjects ofanatomy, physiology, chemistry, materia medica, pathology, pathologicalanatomy, surgery, and obstetrics, but sufficiently strict to test thequalifications of the candidate as a practitioner of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics the chapter does not apply to females practisingmidwifery 12 definition, exceptions - any person is regarded as practising medicinewho professes publicly to be a physician, and to prescribe for thesick, or who appends to his name “m d ” this act also applies toapothecaries and pharmacists who prescribe for the sick it does notapply to commissioned officers of the united states army and navy andmarine hospital service 13 itinerant physician or vender - any itinerant physician or itinerantvender of any drug, nostrum, ointment, or appliance of any kindintended for the treatment of disease or injury, or who shall bywriting or printing or in any other method publicly profess to cureor treat diseases, injuries, or deformities by any drug, nostrum, manipulation, or other expedient, shall before doing so pay to thesheriff of every county in which he desires to practise a special taxof $50 for each month or fraction of a month he shall so practise insuch county, and take his receipt in duplicate therefor he shallpresent said receipts to the clerk of the county court of such county, who shall file and preserve one of them in his office and indorse onthe other, “a duplicate of this receipt has been filed in my office, ”and sign the same for such a person to practise or attempt to practisein any county without having paid such tax and filed such receipt andobtained such indorsement, or to practise or attempt to practise fora longer time than that for which he has paid a tax, is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $100 to $500 any person who shalltravel from place to place and by writing, printing, or otherwisepublicly profess to cure or treat diseases, injuries, or deformitiesis deemed an itinerant physician subject to the taxes, fines, andpenalties of this section 14 penalty - to practise or attempt to practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics without complying with sec 9 is a misdemeanor punishable, for every offence, with a fine of from $50 to $500 or imprisonment ina county jail from one month to twelve months, or both to file orattempt to file as his own a diploma or certificate of another, ora false or forged affidavit of identity, or wilfully swear falselyto any question propounded to him on examination or to any affidavitrequired to be made and filed, is punishable with confinement in thepenitentiary from one to three years or imprisonment in a county jailfrom six to twelve months, and a fine of from $100 to $500 s 15 fee - to the state board of health, or its examining members, forexamination, $10 11 wisconsin prohibition - no person practising physic or surgery, or both, shall have the right to collect in any action in any court fees orcompensation for the performance of any medical or surgical service, or to testify in a professional capacity as a physician or surgeon, unless he shall have received a diploma from essay incorporated medicalsociety or college or shall be a member of the state or essay countymedical society legally organized in this state. Provided that in allcriminal actions the court may in its discretion and in the furtheranceof justice receive the testimony of any physician or surgeon withoutrequiring proof of the incorporation of the medical society or collegefrom which he graduated r s , 1878, s 1, 436, as amended c 131, 1887 no person practising physic or surgery, or both, prohibited by theabove section from testifying in a professional capacity as a physicianor surgeon, shall assume the title of doctor, physician, or surgeon bymeans of any abbreviation or by the use of any other word or words, letters of the alphabet of the english or any other language, or anydevice of whatsoever kind, printed, written, or painted, or exhibitedin any advertisement, circular, handbill, letter, or other instrument, nor on any card, sign, door, or place whatsoever penalty, exceptions - a violation of this act is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $25 to $100, or imprisonment in a countyjail from ten days to sixty days for each offence s 1, c 256, 1881, as amended c 40, 1882 on complaint in writing under oath before any magistrate or justice ofthe peace charging the commission of an offence against the provisionsof this act in his county, it is the duty of the district attorney toprosecute the offender, and in all such prosecutions the burden ofproof shall be upon the defendant to establish his right to use suchtitle under the provisions of this act 2 any person prohibited by sec 1 from assuming the title of doctor, physician, or surgeon who shall practise or pretend to practisephysic or surgery, or both, is not exempted from any, but is liableto all, of the legal penalties and liabilities of malpractice, andignorance shall be no excuse for a failure to perform or for neglector unskilfully performing or attempting to perform any of the dutiesrequired by law of practising physicians or surgeons the act does notprevent students from practising under the direction of a qualifiedpreceptor, nor women from practising midwifery, nor veterinarians frompractising in their special dewritingment 3 wyoming qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics who has not received a medical education and diploma fromessay regularly chartered medical school having a bona fide existencewhen the diploma was granted r s , 1887, s 1, 925 every physician, surgeon, or obstetrician must file for record withthe register of deeds of the county in which he is about to practiseor where he practises, a copy of his diploma, exhibiting the original, or a certificate from the dean of the medical school of which he is agraduate certifying to his graduation 1, 926 when filing a copy of his diploma or certificate of graduation, he mustbe identified as the person named in the paper about to be filed by theaffidavit of two citizens of the county, or his affidavit taken beforea notary public or commissioner of deeds for the state, which affidavitmust be filed in the office of the register of deeds 1, 927 penalty - to practise without complying with this chapter is amisdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $500 or imprisonmentin a county jail from thirty days to six months, or both, for eachoffence to file or attempt to file as his own a diploma or certificateof another, or a forged affidavit of identification, is a felonysubject to a fine and imprisonment in the penitentiary s 1, 928 it is the duty of the police, sheriff, or constable to arrest allpersons practising medicine, surgery, or obstetrics without complyingwith these provisions 1, 929 exceptions - this chapter does not apply to persons in emergencyprescribing or giving advice in medicine, surgery, or obstetrics ina section of country where no physician, surgeon, or obstetricianresides, or where no physician, surgeon, or obstetrician resideswithin a convenient distance, nor to persons prescribing in their ownfamilies, nor to persons claiming to practise medicine, surgery, orobstetrics in any section of the state where no physician or surgeonhaving a diploma or a certificate resides 1, 930 evidence - on the trial of persons charged with the violation ofthis chapter it shall be sufficient for the prosecution to show thatdefendant has practised medicine, surgery, or obstetrics within thecounty where the indictment is found at any time since the passage ofthe act 1876, and the defendant shall not after proof be entitled toacquittal until he shows by the testimony of essay competent witnessupon oath that the defendant has received a medical education, and agenuine diploma from essay regularly chartered medical school. Providedthat the defendant may show such facts by depositions taken in the samemanner as depositions in civil paper 1, 931 the united kingdom of great britain and ireland medical acts - the act 21 and 22 victoria, c 90, and the amendmentsthereof and additions thereto, are generally spoken of as the medicalacts medical councils - there is a general council of medical education andregistration of the united kingdom, with branch councils for england, scotland, and ireland 21 and 22 vict , 1858, c 90, s 3, 6 members of the general council are chosen as provided in 49 and 50vict , c 48, s 7. Those representing the medical corporations must bequalified to register under this act 21 and 22 vict , c 90, s 7 the general council appoints a registrar for england, and the branchcouncils for scotland and ireland appoint respectively a registrar forscotland and ireland 10, 11 registrar - it is the duty of the registrars to keep their registerscorrect, and to erase the names of all registered persons who shallhave died, and from time to time to make the necessary alterations inthe addresses or qualifications of persons registered it is lawful forthe registrar to write a letter to any registered person, addressed tohim according to his address on the register, to inquire whether he hasceased to practise or has changed his residence, and if no answer bereturned within six months from the time of sending the letter, it islawful to erase the name of such person from the register, but it maybe restored by direction of the general council 14 qualification - persons possessed of one or more of the qualificationsdescribed in schedule a, on the payment of a fee not exceeding £5, areentitled to register on the production to the registrar of the branchcouncil for england, scotland, or ireland the document conferringor evidencing the qualification in respect whereof he seeks to beregistered, or upon transmitting by post to such registrar informationof his name and address, and evidence of his qualifications and of thetime or times at which they were obtained the several colleges andbodies mentioned in schedule a may transmit from time to time to theregistrar, under their respective seals, lists of the persons who bygrant of such colleges and bodies respectively, are for the time beingentitled to register, stating the qualifications and residences of suchpersons, and it shall be lawful for the registrar on the payment of thesaid fee to enter in the register the persons mentioned in such listswith their qualifications and places of residences as therein statedwithout other application 15 the general council is required to make orders for regulating theregisters from time to time 16 persons actually practising medicine in england before august 1st, 1815, were entitled to register under the act 17 any two or more of the colleges and bodies in the united kingdommentioned in schedule a may, with the sanction and under the directionof the general council, unite or co-operate in conducting theexaminations required for qualifications to be registered s 19, 37 and 38 vict , c 34 the privy council may suspend the right of registration in respect ofqualifications granted by any college or body 21 after such revocation, no person shall be entitled to register inrespect to any qualification granted by such college before revocation22 the privy council may issue an injunction directing any body entitledto grant qualifications to desist from imposing upon any candidatefor examination an obligation to adopt or refrain from adoptingthe practice of any writingicular theory of medicine or surgery as atest or condition of admitting him to examination or granting hima certificate. And in the event of their not complying, may orderthat such body cease to have the power of conferring a right to beregistered so long as they shall continue such practice 23 where any person entitled to be registered applies to the registrarof any branch council for that purpose, such registrar is requiredforthwith to enter in a local register the name and place of residence, and the qualifications in respect of which the person is so entitledand the date of registration. And in case of the branch council forscotland or ireland, to send to the registrar of the general council acopy of the entry, and the registrar of the general council is requiredto cause the same to be entered in the general register. And suchregistrar is required to cause all entries made in the local registerfor england to be entered in the general register 25 no qualification is entered on the register, on the first registrationor by way of addition to a regular name, unless the registrar besatisfied by proper evidence that the person claiming it is entitled toit any appeal from the decision of the registrar may be decided by thegeneral council or by the council for england, scotland, or ireland, asthe case may be any entry proved to the satisfaction of such generalcouncil or branch council to have been fraudulently or incorrectly mademay be erased from the register by an order in writing of such generalcouncil or branch council 26 medical register - the registrar of the general council is requiredto cause to be printed, published, and sold under the direction ofsuch council, every year, a correct register of the names with therespective residences and medical titles, diplomas, and qualificationsconferred by any corporation or university or by a doctorate of thearchbishop of canterbury, with the dates thereof, of all personsappearing on the general register as existing on january 1st in everyyear such register is called the medical register, and a copy ofthe medical register for the time being is evidence that the personstherein specified are registered according to the act, and the absenceof the name of any person from such copy is evidence, until thecontrary be made to appear, that such person is not so registered;provided, that in the case of any person whose name does not appearin such copy, a certified copy under the hand of the registrar of thegeneral council or a branch council of the entry of the name of suchperson on the general or local register shall be evidence that suchperson is so registered 27 if any college or body exercise any power it possess of striking offfrom its list the name of any one of its members, it shall signifyhis name to the general council and the said council may, if they seefit, direct the registrar to erase from the register the qualificationderived from such college or body in respect of which such member wasregistered, and the registrar shall note the same therein, but the nameof no person shall be erased from the register on the ground of hishaving adopted any theory of medicine or surgery 28 if any registered medical practitioner shall be convicted in england orireland of any felony or misdemeanor, or in scotland of any crime oroffence, or shall be after due inquiry judged by the general council tohave been guilty of infamous conduct in any professional respect, thegeneral council may, if they see fit, direct the registrar to erase thename of such medical practitioner from the register 29 every person registered who may have obtained any higher degree orother qualification is entitled to have it inserted in the registerin substitution for or in addition to his qualification previouslyregistered, on the payment of such fee as the council may appoint30 compensation - no person is entitled to receive for any medical orsurgical advice, or attendance, or for the performance of any operationor for any medicine which he shall have both prescribed and supplied, unless he prove upon the trial that he is registered under this act32, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 definition - the words “legally qualified medical practitioner” or“duly qualified medical practitioner, ” or any words implying a personrecognized by law as a medical practitioner or member of the medicalprofession in any act of parliament, mean a person registered underthis act 34, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 exemptions - if they so desire, registered persons are exempt fromserving on juries, and in all corporation, parish, ward, hundred, andtown offices, and in the militia 35 disqualifications - no unregistered person is permitted to hold anyappointment as a physician, surgeon, or other medical officer in themilitary or naval service, or in emigrant or other vessels, or in anyhospital, infirmary, dispensary, or lying-in hospital, not supportedwholly by voluntary contributions, or in any lunatic asylum, jail, penitentiary, house of correction or of industry, parochial or unionworkhouse or poor-house, parish union, or other public establishedbody or institution, or to any friendly or other society for affordingmutual relief in sickness, infirmity, or old age, or as a medicalofficer of health 36, as amended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 no certificate required by any act from any physician or surgeonlicentiate in medicine and surgery, or other medical practitioner, isvalid unless the signer be registered under this act 37, asamended 23 and 24 vict , c 7, s 3 penalty - wilfully procuring or attempting to procure one self to beregistered by making or producing or causing to be made or producedany false or fraudulent representation or declaration, or aiding orabetting therein, is a misdemeanor in england and ireland, and inscotland a crime or offence, punishable by fine or imprisonment theimprisonment cannot exceed twelve months 39 wilfully and falsely pretending to be or taking or using the nameor title of physician, doctor of medicine, licentiate in medicineand surgery, bachelor of medicine, surgeon, general practitioner, orapothecary, or any name, title, addition, or description implyingregistration under this act, or recognition by law as a physician orsurgeon or licentiate in medicine and surgery, or practitioner inmedicine, or apothecary, is punishable on summary conviction by apenalty not exceeding £20 40, 41 deceased physicians - every registrar of deaths in the united kingdom, on receiving notice of the death of any medical practitioner, isrequired to transmit to the registrar of the general council and theregistrar of the branch council a certificate of such death with thetime and place, and on the receipt of such certificate the medicalregistrar is required to erase the name of the deceased from theregister 45 exceptions - the general council was by the act empowered by specialorder to dispense with such provisions of this act or such writing of anyregulations made by its authority as to them should seem fit, in favorof persons at the time of its passage practising medicine or surgeryin any writing of her majesty dominions other than great britain andireland by virtue of any of the qualifications in schedule a, and infavor of persons practising medicine or surgery within the unitedkingdom on foreign or colonial diplomas or degrees before the passageof this act, and in favor of any persons who had held appointments assurgeons or assistant surgeons in the army, navy, or militia, or in theservice of the east india company, or who were acting as surgeons inthe public service, or in the service of any charitable institution, and in favor of medical students who commenced their professionalstudies before its passage 46 the qualifications specified in schedule a are as follows:1 fellow, member inserted 22 vict , c 21, s 4, licentiate, orextra licentiate of the royal college of physicians of london this isdeclared by 23 and 24 vict , c 66, s 1, to denote the corporation of“the president and college or commonalty of the faculty of physics inlondon” the act makes provision for a new charter with change ofname to “the royal college of physicians of england, ” or retention ofold name.

It is a very precious herb, that iscertain, and proposal argument essay most fitting to be kept in a man house, both in syrup, conserve, oil, ointment and plaister the flowers are usually conserved the beech tree in treating of this tree, you must understand, that i mean the greenmast beech, which is by way of distinction from that other small roughsort, called in sussex the smaller beech, but in essex horn-beam i suppose it is needless to describe it, being already too well knownto my countrymen place it grows in woods amongst oaks and other trees, and in parks, forests, and chases, to feed deer. And in other places to fatten swine time it blooms in the end of april, or beginning of may, for themost writing, and the fruit is ripe in september government and virtues it is a plant of saturn, and thereforeperforms his qualities and proportion in these operations the leavesof the beech tree are cooling and binding, and therefore good to beapplied to hot swellings to discuss them. The nuts do much nourish suchbeasts as feed thereon the water that is found in the hollow placesof decaying beeches will cure both man and beast of any scurf, orrunning tetters, if they be washed therewith. You may boil the leavesinto a poultice, or make an ointment of them when time of year serves bilberries, called by essay whorts, and whortle-berries descript of these i shall only speak of two sorts which are commonin england, viz the black and red berries and first of the black the small bush creeps along upon the ground, scarcely rising half ayard high, with divers small green leaves set in the green branches, not always one against the other, and a little dented about the edges:at the foot of the leaves come forth small, hollow, pale, bluishcoloured flowers, the brims ending at five points, with a reddishthread in the middle, which pass into small round berries of thebigness and colour of juniper berries, but of a purple, sweetish sharptaste. The juice of them gives a purplish colour in their hands andlips that eat and handle them, especially if they break them theroot grows aslope under ground, shooting forth in sundry places as itcreeps this loses its leaves in winter the red bilberry, or whortle-bush, rises up like the former, havingsundry hard leaves, like the box-tree leaves, green and round pointed, standing on the several branches, at the top whereof only, and not fromthe sides, as in the former, come forth divers round, reddish, sappyberries, when they are ripe, of a sharp taste the root runs in theground, as in the former, but the leaves of this abide all winter place the first grows in forests, on the heaths, and such likebarren places. The red grows in the north writings of this land, aslancashire, yorkshire, &c time they flower in march and april, and the fruit of the black isripe in july and august government and virtues they are under the dominion of jupiter itis a pity they are used no more in physic than they are the black bilberries are good in hot agues and to cool the heat of theliver and stomach. They do essaywhat bind the belly, and stay vomitingand loathings. The juice of the berries made in a syrup, or the pulpmade into a conserve with sugar, is good for the purposes aforesaid, as also for an old cough, or an ulcer in the lungs, or other diseasestherein the red worts are more binding, and stops women courses, spitting of blood, or any other flux of blood or humours, being used aswell outwardly as inwardly bifoil or twablade descript this small herb, from a root essaywhat sweet, shootingdownwards thesis long strings, rises up a round green stalk, bare ornaked next the ground for an inch, two or three to the middle thereofas it is in age or growth. As also from the middle upwards to theflowers, having only two broad plaintain-like leaves but whiter setat the middle of the stalk one against another, compassing it round atthe bottom of them place it is an usual inhabitant in woods, copses, and in thesisplaces in this land there is another sort grows in wet grounds and marshes, which isessaywhat different from the former it is a smaller plant, and greener, having essaytimes three leaves.

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Helps such as have the dropsy and are troubled with thestoppings of the spleen, rickets and hypochondriac melancholy. For suchdiseases you may make up your physic with whey outwardly it cleansesthe skin of such deformities as come through choler or melancholy, asscabs, itch, morphew, leprosies, &c honey is of a gallant cleansing quality, exceeding profitable in allinward ulcers in what writing of the body soever. It opens the veins, cleanses the reins and bladder i know no vices belonging to it, butonly it is soon converted into choler wax, softens, heats, and meanly fills sores with flesh, it suffersnot the milk to curdle in women breasts. Inwardly it is given tengrains at a time against bloody-fluxes raw-silk, heats and dries, cheers the heart, drives away sadness, comforts all the spirits, both natural, vital and animal belonging to the sea sperma cœti, is well applied outwardly to eating ulcers, the markswhich the small pox leaves behind them. It clears the sight, provokessweat. Inwardly it troubles the stomach and belly, helps bruises, and stretching of the nerves, and therefore is good for women newlydelivered amber-grease, heats and dries, strengthens the brain and nervesexceedingly, if the infirmity of them come of cold, resists pestilence sea-sand, a man that hath the dropsy, being set up to the middle init, it draws out all the water red coral, is cold, dry and binding, stops the immoderate flowing ofthe menses, bloody-fluxes, the running of the reins, and the fluoralbus, helps such as spit blood, it is an approved remedy for thefalling sickness also if ten grains of red coral be given to a childin a little breast-milk so soon as it is born, before it take any otherfood, it will never have the falling-sickness, nor convulsions thecommon dose is from ten grains to thirty pearls, are a wonderful strengthener to the heart, encrease milkin nurses, and amend it being naught, they restore such as are inconsumptions. Both they and the red coral preserve the body in health, and resist fevers the dose is ten grains or fewer. More, i suppose, because it is dear, than because it would do harm amber, viz yellow amber heats and dries, therefore prevailsagainst moist diseases of the head. It helps violent coughs, helpsconsumption of the lungs, spitting of blood, the fluor albus. It stopsbleeding at the nose, helps difficulty of urine. You may take ten ortwenty grains at a time the froth of the sea, it is hot and dry, helps scabs, itch, andleprosy, scald heads, &c it cleanses the skin, helps difficulty ofurine, makes the teeth white, being rubbed with it, the head beingwashed with it, it helps baldness, and trimly decks the head with hair metals, minerals, and stones gold is temperate in quality, it wonderfully strengthens the heart andvital spirits, which one perceiving, very wittily inserted these verses.