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Wherethere are contusions and project help well-marked ecchymoses. Where the laryngealcartilages and hyoid bone are fractured or the cervical vertebrædislocated or fractured. Or where the carotids are injured or thereis hemorrhage into their walls. Where there are severe wounds, thehemorrhage from which would be sufficient to threaten syncope. Wherethere are thesis marks of violence on the body. Where there is evidenceof a severe struggle in all these paper murder may be reasonablysuspected the number, situation, extent, and direction of mustbe carefully noted and weighed if these are out of proportion tothe ligature, the suspension, etc , they strongly suggest homicide, although they may occur in suicide see paper 4, 11, 18, 20, 28, 29, 44, 52, 55, 59, 66 homicidal hanging may be committed by an assailant who is strong ona subject who is weak, on a child, a woman, an old person. On onestupefied by liquor or narcotic poison. Or by thesis combined against oneperson paper are reported where injuries were inflicted or poison given, andthe subject was afterward hanged to avert suspicion most of thesepaper are those of murder either by strangulation or suffocation paper64, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 74 essaytimes hanging is accidental children and even older personsplay at hanging successfully taylor mentions the case of a boy whowitnessed a hanging and afterward tried the experiment himself toascertain the sensation, and caused his own death tardieu882 relates the case of a man, t , age 37, of small stature, feeble constitution, very thin, of sinister face, eyes hollow but lively, cunning nose and mouth, who meeting a man aged 81, learned that he had essay trouble with his leg and promised to cure him the old man lived alone t told him to buy a strong cord as thick as his little finger and one and one-half yards long, and keep the whole thing a secret t would see him at his room at 7 p m the old man became suspicious and had t arrested the investigation showed that already t had made away with three old men by hanging, who were known to be opposed to suicide their bodies showed no trace of violence two others had escaped when the cord was passed around their necks tardieu gives a number of paper of suicidal hanging which were falselyattributed to criminal violence, in which the pressure of publicopinion joined to circumstances improperly explained by inexpertphysicians caused deplorable judicial errors illustrative paper suicide 1 harvey.

Blood in pleuræ wounds weresupposed to be gunshot, but the husband confessed that he had thrust asharp solid bamboo into her body and afterward hung it up she died ofhemorrhage 63 rehm. Friedreich blät f ger med , 1883, xxxiv , pp 332-362 - man, age 73. First roughly maltreated. Afterward hung 64 tardieu. Op cit , p 125 - woman found hanging in her room circumstances indicated homicidal strangulation and that the hangingwas done to avert suspicion post-mortem examination showed the baseof the tongue ecchymosed, and ecchymosis extending up to the softpalate. Mucous membrane of pharynx congested. Connective tissue andmucous membrane between hyoid bone and larynx congested posteriorly;epiglottis showed slight ecchymosis, mucous membrane red theseecchymoses were not caused by the cord, for the latter was placed belowthe hyoid bone and this bone was not broken there were also marks onthe collar-bone like the mark of two hands 65 ibid , p 124 - girl, 15 years old body found hanging postmortem showed beyond doubt that she had been violated, then strangled, then hung her head showed thesis ecchymoses from either the fist or thefoot. Blood flowing from left ear brain slightly congested tonguebetween teeth, bitten and bloody on front of neck were two marks. Thelower were impressions of fingers close together, nearly uninterrupted, and which had bruised, flattened, and tanned the skin, which here wasdry, hard, and horny this lesion was above the intraclavicular notchand extended toward the sides of the neck with regularity of curve andneatness of imprint, evidently made with the right hand above thefirst furrow under the skin was a kind of track, less extended, moreregular, a bruising of the same nature as the preceding, but continued, due to the pressure of the index finger and thumb of left hand alittle below the jaw was a livid place on the skin, which was otherwiseunaffected by the ligature there was nothing to indicate a circularaction of the ligature froth in larynx and bronchi lungs apparentlynormal food had passed from stomach into œsophagus and air-passages 66 ibid , p 122 - woman found hanging in her room, and wasresuscitated she stated that the man who lived with her had triedto strangle her and then hung her tardieu saw her in hospital respiration short and embarrassed. Pains in neck and jaw found narrow, circular, sinuous, horizontal, uninterrupted line around the neck belowthyroid cartilage. Line everywhere equal, deep, and three to four mm wide. The skin excoriated and covered with thick crust below this wereseveral superficial excoriations there were thesis contusions on otherwritings of the body tardieu concluded that the mark on the neck wasfrom attempt to strangle. The wounds elsewhere to prevent resistance she had at the time pulmonary consumption she died of this diseaseaggravated by the assault 67 ibid , p 106 - the duroulle affair woman found hanging presumption of homicide. Arrest of husband.

“physicians are constantly reporting paper where trimethol has been especially efficient, and describing conditions until recently not associated with intestinal infection which have been distinctly benefited by its use this would seem to bear out the contentions of charcot and metchnikoff that 90% of all human ailments have their origin in intestinal infection “the careful practitioner, when in doubt, will bear this in mind, now that we have a really efficient and non-toxic intestinal germicide-- not a mere antiseptic ”the walker-leeming laboratories have not formally requested the councilto consider the trimethol preparations, though in a personal letter toa member of the council j t ainslie walker invited an investigationof his compound for the investigation of trimethol and its preparation the councilsecured the aid of a bacteriologist who has given much attention tothe study of the intestinal flora the walker-leeming laboratories andj t ainslie walker were both asked to submit details of experimentalstudies and also to furnish a supply of the pure “trimethol ” but theonly data sent that had any definiteness set forth the bacterial countsmade of plate cultures of stools of one patient before and after theadministration of trimethol capsules refuse to furnish trimetholthe request for the pure substance was refused, on the grounds that thesubstance was not used in the undiluted form the failure to furnishthe chemical substance claimed as the essential constituent of thetrimethol preparations is to be deprecated if indeed it has not greatersignificance at least it made it impossible for the project help council expertto express his results in terms of absolute trimethol of establishedcomposition the data obtained apply only to the market preparationsclaimed to contain trimethol so far as the investigation and reportgo, “trimethol” is a hypothetical substance clinical or animal tests of the asserted intestinal antiseptics havehitherto given equivocal results because it is impossible, on theone hand, to predict the course of any intestinal infection, or, on the other hand, to determine what effect, if any, was producedby administration of the medicament it therefore seemed unwise toundertake this line of investigation until the more direct laboratorybacteriologic methods had been exhausted consequently the investigatorchecked, in the first place, the phenol coefficient of one of thetrimethol preparations and then also determined its “penetrability”coefficient although by both methods trimethol was found to be agermicide, the results did not indicate any remarkable potency or otherproperties suggesting that the drug possessed special therapeuticvalue from the results obtained it appeared inadvisable to proceedfurther with the work until more definite evidence of the nature andof the value of the substance should be at hand the report of thebacteriologic investigation follows. the bacteriologist report“i have made no attempt to study the effects of internal administrationof trimethol on the intestinal flora the methods available at thepresent time of enumerating the numbers of viable bacteria inthe feces are probably not accurate within 100 per cent and theprecision of such determinations is equally variable the physiologicfactors involved are so complex that they would appear to make areally valuable assay a question of thesis months’ careful study ifit were possible to administer known amounts of trimethol, as such, the problem might be worth while. Inasmuch as the available reactivesubstance is not at present quantitatively assayable, this phase of theinvestigation barely seems practicable “‘trimethol syrup, ’ as such, appears to be about 10 per cent asefficient in its germicidal value as carbolic acid if the assay, 3/4 m trimethol per drm as the label indicates, is correct, thesubstance would appear to possess germicidal merit provided enoughcould be administered, if it is not influenced by passage through thestomach “a package containing four four-ounce bottles labeled ‘trimethol, anon-toxic germicide syrup representing 3/4 m trimethol per drm , alcohol 1-1/2 per cent ’ was received at the laboratory dec 15, 1916 later a smaller package containing, according to the label, 100trimethol tablets, each 5 gr , representing 1-1/4 m trimethol, wasreceived the tablets were apparently chocolate coated “two separate series of tests were made upon the syrup a phenolcoefficient, using the method outlined in bulletin no 82, hygieniclaboratory, method of standardizing disinfectants with and withoutorganic matter b a penetrability coefficient by the method ofkendall and edwards, journal of infectious diseases, 8, 250 “the former method compares the viability of naked germs in a 1 percent carbolic acid solution as a standard, with various dilutionsof the germicide to be tested the latter measures the relativediffusibility and germicidal power of carbolic acid and variousdilutions of the germicide to be tested upon bacillus coli suspendedin 1 2 per cent agar which is molded in cylinders of one centimeterdiameter after infection with the organism “the first method-- phenol coefficient-- possesses advantages anddisadvantages which are well known and need no mention here it isworthy of notice, however, that as the death rate of the bacteriaincreases during the progress of the test, it becomes increasinglydifficult to maintain a uniform suspension of living organisms sothat each loopful removed shall exactly represent the developmentalpotentiality of the residual organisms “the second method theoretically covers the possibility because all theorganisms are immobilized and are exposed to the germicide in directproportion to its diffusibility until the center of the agar mass isreached, where the residual viable bacteria are presumably located inasmuch as the penetrability of an intestinal mass is involved in adiscussion of intestinal germicides, the propriety of utilizing this‘penetrability coefficient’ in this connection is obvious, in spite ofits patent shortcomings “it is unnecessary to discuss the technique-- the standard brothmentioned in the hygienic bulletin, a temperature of 70 f , a standard4 mm loop and careful attention to dilutions using distilled waterwere all observed the various dilutions of trimethol syrup were madewith accurate volumetric pipettes, measuring flasks and distilled waterwas used as a diluent “the results of several determinations, using trimethol syrup fromthree separate bottles, were in sufficient accord to warrant thestatement that a dilution of 1/10 of trimethol syrup was equivalentto a 1/100 dilution of carbolic acid, using bacillus typhosus asthe test organism both solutions-- the trimethol and phenol-- killedthe organism in the interval between 7-1/2 minutes and 10 minutes’exposure that is to say, our observations indicate that understandard conditions as defined above, a 10 per cent solution oftrimethol syrup is equivalent in germicidal powers, as defined by thephenol coefficient to a 1 per cent solution of phenol naturally, nopredictions can be drawn from these observations indicative of thevalue as an intestinal germicide of trimethol itself “the penetrability coefficient resulted as follows. A 5 per cent solution of phenol killed bacillus coli, suspended uniformlythroughout a cylinder of 1 2 per cent agar in the interval between60 and 90 minutes a 1 per cent solution of phenol killed the sameorganisms under the same conditions in the interval between two andone half and three hours an undiluted solution of trimethol syrupkilled the organisms in the interval between two and one half and threehours a 10 per cent solution nine volumes of distilled water to onevolume of trimethol syrup failed to kill the organisms in four hours it would appear that undiluted trimethol syrup has the same combinedpenetrability and germicidal value as a 1 per cent phenol solution “the phenol coefficient. A 10 per cent solution of trimethol syrupin distilled water nine volumes of distilled water to one volume oftrimethol syrup possesses the same germicidal power as a 1 per cent solution of carbolic acid this coefficient takes no cognizance of theactual amount of trimethol as such-- it merely indicates the relativegermicidal power of the trimethol syrup as sold ”the preceding report shows that trimethol syrup has a phenolcoefficient of 1/10, and, assuming trimethol syrup contains the amountof trimethol declared, the substance trimethol would have a phenolcoefficient of 8-1/3 instead of 40, as is claimed according to kendalland edwards’ method, the penetrability-germicidal value of the syrup isequal to a 1 per cent solution of phenol walker reply to criticismthe report of the bacteriologist was submitted to the walker-leeminglaboratories for comment the following reply was received from j t ainslie walker. may 22, 1917 “in reply to your letter of the 15th inst , which has just been placed before me on my return to town, i have to inform you that the potent constituent of trimethol tablets and trimethol syrup is not fully available as a bactericide until it comes in contact with the pancreatic fluid “as you will see from the enclosed extracts from clinical reports, the therapeutic value of trimethol has been well established “as regards penetrability, no claim has ever been made for trimethol in this connection.

Let the rootsbe well washed and bruised, as also the linseed, fœnugreek seed, andsquills, then steep them three days in eight pints of water, the fourthday boil them a little upon the fire, and draw out the mussilage, ofwhich take two pounds, and boil it with the oil to the consumption ofthe juice, afterwards add the wax, rozin, and colophonia, when theyare melted, add the turpentine, afterwards the galbanum and gum ofivy, dissolved in vinegar, boil them a little, and having removed themfrom the fire, stir them till they are cold, that so they may be wellincorporated culpeper it heats and moistens, helps pains of the breast coming ofcold and pleurises, old aches, and stitches, and softens hard swellings unguentum diapompholigos nihili nicholaus college take of oil of roses sixteen ounces, juice of nightshadesix ounces, let them boil to the consumption of the juice, then addwhite wax five ounces, ceruss washed two ounces, lead burnt andwashed, pompholix prepared, pure frankincense, of each an ounce, letthem be brought into the form of an ointment according to art culpeper it cools and binds, drys, and stays fluxes, either ofblood or humours in wounds, and fills hollow ulcers with flesh unguentum refrigerans galenus it is also called a cerecloath college take of white wax four ounces, oil of roses omphacine onepound, melt it in a double vessel, then pour it out into another, bydegrees putting in cold water, and often pouring it out of one vesselinto another, stirring it till it be white, last of all wash it in rosewater, adding a little rose water, and rose vinegar culpeper it is a fine cooling thing, to cure inflammations inwounds or tumours unguentum e succis aperitivis primum fœsius college take of the juice of smallage, endive, mints, wormwood, common parsley, valerian, of each three ounces, oil of wormwood andmints, of each half a pound, yellow wax three ounces, mix them togetherover the fire, and make of them an ointment culpeper it opens stoppages of the stomach and spleen, eases therickets, the breast and sides being anointed with it an ointment for the worms fœsius college take of oil of rue, savin, mints, wormwood, and bitteralmonds, of each an ounce and an half, juice of the flowers or leavesof peaches, and wormwood, of each half an ounce, powder of rue, mints, gentian, centaury the less, tormentil, of each one dram, the seeds ofcoleworts, the pulp of colocynthis, of each two drams, aloes hepatic, three drams, the meal of lupines half an ounce, myrrh washed in grasswater a dram and an half, bull galls an ounce and an half, with juiceof lemons, so much as is sufficient, and an ounce and an half of wax, make it into an ointment according to art culpeper the belly being anointed with it kills the worms cerecloaths ceratum de galbano or, cerecloath of galbanum college take of galbanum prepared, an ounce and an half, assafœtidahalf an ounce, bdellium a dram, myrrh two drams, wax two ounces, carrotseeds a scruple, featherfew, mugwort, of each half a dram, dissolve thegums in vinegar, and make it a cerecloath according to art culpeper being applied to the belly of a woman after labour, itcleanses her of any relicts accidently left behind, helps the fits ofthe mother, and other accidents incident to women in that case ceratum oesypatum college take of oesypus ten ounces, oil of chamomel, and orris, of each half a pound, yellow wax two pounds, rozin a pound, mastich, ammoniacum, turpentine, of each an ounce, spikenard two drams and anhalf, saffron a dram and an half, styrax calamitis half an ounce, makethem into a cerecloath according to art culpeper it molifies and digests hard swellings of the liver, spleen, womb, nerves, joints, and other writings of the body, and is agreat easer of pain ceratum santalinum college take of red sanders, ten drams, white and yellow sanders, of each six drams, red roses twelve drams, bole-ammoniac seven drams, spodium four drams, camphire two drams, white wax washed thirty drams, oil of roses omphacine six ounces. Make it into a cerecloath accordingto art culpeper it wonderfully helps hot infirmities of the stomach, liver, and other writings, being but applied to them plaisters emplastrum ex ammoniaco or, a plaister of ammoniacum college take of ammoniacum, bran well sifted, of each an ounce, ointment of marsh-mallows, melilot plaister compound, roots of briony, and orris in powder, of each half an ounce, the fat of ducks, geese, and hens, of each three drams, bdellium, galbanum, of each one dram andan half, per-rozin, wax, of each five ounces, oil of orris, turpentine, of each half an ounce, boil the fats and oil with mussilage oflin-seed, and fenugreek seed, of each three ounces, to the consumptionof the mussilage, strain it, and add the wax, rozin, and turpentine, the ointment of marsh-mallows with the plaister of melilot. When itbegins to be cold, put in the ammoniacum, dissolved in vinegar, thenthe bdellium in powder, with the rest of the powders, and make it intoa plaister according to art culpeper it softens and assuages hard swellings, and scatters thehumours offending, applied to the side it softens the hardness of thespleen, assuages pains thence arising emplastrum e baccus lauri or, a plaister of bay-berries college take of bay-berries husked, turpentine, of each two ounces, frankincense, mastich, myrrh, of each an ounce, cypress, costus, ofeach half an ounce, honey warmed and not scummed, four ounces. Make itinto a plaister according to art culpeper it is an excellent plaister to ease any pains coming ofcold or wind, in any writing of the body, whether stomach, liver, belly, reins, or bladder it is an excellent remedy for the cholic and wind inthe bowels emplastrum barbarum magnum college take of dry pitch eight pounds, yellow wax six pounds andeight ounces, per-rozin five pounds and four ounces, bitumen, judaicum, or mummy, four pounds, oil one pound and an half, verdigris, litharge, ceruss, of each three ounces, frankincense half a pound, roach alumnot burnt, an ounce and an half, burnt, four ounces, opopanax, scalesof brass, galbanum, of each twelve drams, aloes, opium, myrrh, of eachhalf an ounce, turpentine two pounds, juice of mandrakes, or else driedbark of the root, six drams, vinegar five pounds. Let the litharge, ceruss, and oil, boil to the thickness of honey, then incorporate withthem the pitch, being melted with bitumen in powder. Then add the rest, and boil them according to art, till the vinegar be consumed, and itstick not to your hands culpeper it helps the bitings of men and beasts, easesinflammations of wounds, and helps infirmities of the joints, and goutsin the beginning emplastrum de betonica or, a plaister of betony college take of betony, burnet, agrimony, sage, pennyroyal, yarrow, comfrey the greater, clary, of each six ounces, frankincense, mastich, of each three drams, orris, round birthwort, of each six drams, whitewax, turpentine, of each eight ounces, per-rozin six ounces, gum elemi, oil of fir, of each two ounces, white wine three pounds. Bruise theherbs, boil them in the wine, then strain them, and add the rest, andmake them into a plaister according to art culpeper it is a good plaister to unite the skull when it iscracked, to draw out pieces of broken bones, and cover the bones withflesh. It draws filth from the bottom of deep ulcers, restores fleshlost, cleanses, digests, and drys emplastrum cæsarus college take of red roses one ounce and an half, bistort roots, cypress nuts, all the sanders, mints, coriander seeds, of each threedrams, mastich half an ounce, hypocistis, acacia, dragon blood, earthof lemnos, bole-ammoniac, red coral, of each two drams, turpentinewashed in plantain water four ounces, oil of roses three ounces, whitewax twelve ounces, per-rozin ten ounces, pitch six ounces, the juiceof plantain, houseleek, and orpine, of each an ounce, the wax, rozin, and pitch being melted together, add the turpentine and oil, then thehypocistis and acacia dissolved in the juices, at last the powders, andmake it into a plaister according to art culpeper it is of a fine, cool, binding, strengthening nature, excellently good to repel hot rheums or vapours that ascend up to thehead, the hair being shaved off, and it applied to the crown emplastrum catagmaticum the first college take of juice of marsh-mallow roots six ounces, bark ofashtree roots, and their leaves, the roots of comfrey the greater andsmaller with their leaves, of each two ounces, myrtle berries an ounceand an half, the leaves of willow, the tops of st john wort, of eachan handful and an half, having bruised them, boil them together in redwine, and smith water, of each two pound, till half be consumed, strain it, and add oil of myrtles, and roses omphacine, of each onepound and an half, goat suet eight ounces, boil it again to theconsumption of the decoction, strain it again, and add litharge ofgold and silver, red lead, of each four ounces, yellow wax one pound, colophonia half a pound, boil it to the consistance of a plaister, thenadd turpentine two ounces, myrrh, frankincense, mastich, of each halfan ounce, bole-ammoniac, earth of lemnos, of each one ounce, stir themabout well till they be boiled, and made into an emplaister accordingto art catagmaticum the second college take of the roots of comfrey the greater, marsh-mallows, misselto of the oak, of each two ounces, plantain, chamepitys, st john wort, of each a handful, boil them in equal writings of blackwine, and smith water till half be consumed, strain it, and addmussilage of quince seeds made in tripe water, oil of mastich androses, of each four ounces, boil it to the consumption of the humidity, and having strained it, add litharge of gold four ounces, boil it tothe consistence of an emplaister, then add yellow wax four ounces, turpentine three ounces, colophonia six drams, ship pitch ten ounces, powders of balaustines, roses, myrtles, acacia, of each half an ounce, mummy, androsamum, mastich, amber, of each six drams, bole-ammoniacfine flowers, frankincense, of each twelve drams, dragon blood twoounces. Make it into a plaister according to art culpeper both this and the former are binding and drying, theformer rules will instruct you in the use emplastrum cephalicum or, a cephalic plaister college take of rozin two ounces, black pitch one ounce, labdanum, turpentine, flower of beans, and orobus, dove dung, of each half anounce, myrrh, mastich, of each one dram and an half, gum of juniper, nutmegs, of each two drams, dissolve the myrrh and labdanum in a hotmortar, and adding the rest, make it into a plaister according to art if you will have it stronger, add the powders, euphorbium, pellitory ofspain, and black pepper, of each two scruples culpeper it is proper to strengthen the brain, and repel suchvapours as annoy it, and those powders being added, it dries up thesuperfluous moisture thereof, and eases the eyes of hot scaldingvapours that annoy them emplastrum de cerussa or, a plaister of ceruss college take of ceruss in fine powder, white wax, sallad oil, ofeach three ounces, add the oil by degrees to the ceruss, and boil it bycontinual stirring over a gentle fire, till it begin to swell, then addthe wax cut small by degrees, and boil it to its just consistence culpeper it helps burns, dry scabs, and hot ulcers, and in generalwhatever sores abound with moisture emplastrum ex cicuta cum ammoniaco or, a plaister of hemlock with ammoniacum college take of the juice of hemlock four ounces, vinegar, ofsquills, and ammoniacum, of each eight ounces, dissolve the gum in thejuice and vinegar, after a due infusion, then strain it into its justconsistence according to art culpeper i suppose it was invented to mitigate the extreme pains, and allay the inflammations of wounds, for which it is very good. Letit not be applied to any principal writing emplastrum e crusta panis or, a plaister of a crust of bread college take of mastich, mints, spodium, red coral, all thesanders, of each one dram, oil of mastich and quinces, of each onedrain and an half, a crust of bread toasted, and three times steepedin red rose vinegar, and as often dried, labdanum, of each two ounces, rozin four ounces, styrax calamitis half an ounce, barley meal fivedrams. Make them into a plaister according to art culpeper i shall commend this for a good plaister to strengthenthe brain as any is in the dispensatory, the hair being shaved off, and it applied to the crown.

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And by the small string itquickly spreads over the ground place it grows by wood sides, hedge sides, the path-way in fields, and in the borders and corners of them almost through all this land time it flowers in summer, essay sooner, essay later government and virtues this is an herb of jupiter, project help and thereforestrengthens the writing of the body it rules. Let jupiter be angular andstrong when it is gathered. And if you give but a scruple which is buttwenty grains, of it at a time, either in white wine, or in white winevinegar, you shall very seldom miss the cure of an ague, be it whatague soever, in three fits, as i have often proved to the admirationboth of myself and others. Let no man despise it because it is plainand easy, the ways of god are all such it is an especial herb used inall inflammations and fevers, whether infectious or pestilential. Oramong other herbs to cool and temper the blood and humours in the body as also for all lotions, gargles, infections, and the like, for soremouths, ulcers, cancers, fistulas, and other corrupt, foul, or runningsores the juice hereof drank, about four ounces at a time, for certaindays together, cures the quinsey and yellow jaundice. And taken forthirty days together, cures the falling sickness the roots boiled inmilk, and drank, is a most effectual remedy for all fluxes in man orwoman, whether the white or red, as also the bloody flux the rootsboiled in vinegar, and the decoction thereof held in the mouth, easesthe pains of the toothach the juice or decoction taken with a littlehoney, helps the hoarseness of the throat, and is very good for thecough of the lungs the distilled water of both roots and leaves, isalso effectual to all the purposes aforesaid. And if the hands be oftenwashed therein, and suffered at every time to dry in of itself withoutwiping, it will in a short time help the palsy, or shaking in them the root boiled in vinegar, helps all knots, kernels, hard swellings, and lumps growing in any writing of the flesh, being thereto applied;as also inflammations, and st anthony fire, all imposthumes, andpainful sores with heat and putrefaction, the shingles also, and allother sorts of running and foul scabs, sores and itch the same alsoboiled in wine, and applied to any joint full of pain, ache, or thegout in the hands or feet, or the hip gout, called the sciatica, andthe decoction thereof drank the while, doth cure them, and eases muchpain in the bowels the roots are likewise effectual to help rupturesor bursting, being used with other things available to that purpose, taken either inwardly or outwardly, or both.