History

Philosophy Of Life Essay


Annalen der chemie liebig 208. 34 it was reported several years ago by castelli140 that sodiumcacodylate and the sodium salt of methyl arsenic acid were devoid ofeffect on experimental trypanosomiasis and spirochete infections careful clinical observations in this country by h j nichols141 andh n cole142 have demonstrated the inefficacy of sodium cacodylatein the treatment of human syphilis 140 castelli, g. Arch f schiffs- u tropen-hyg 16. 605, 1912 141 nichols, h j. Salvarsan and sodium cacodylate, j a m a 56:492 feb 18 1911 142 cole, h n. A study of sodium cacodylate in the treatment ofsyphilis, j a m a 67. 2012 dec 30 1916 animal experiments carried out in the u s hygienic laboratory byvoegtlin and smith143 show that mon-arsone is devoid of any practicaltrypanocidal action thus the “therapeutic ratio” the ratio of theminimal effective dose to the lethal dose was about 1, that is, itwas effective therapeutically only in approximately fatal doses. Thetherapeutic ratio for arsphenamine in similar conditions was 17, andthat of neoarsphenamine, 28 143 voegtlin, carl, and smith, h w.

The spike of the flowers is less thanthe former, and the roots of this do run or creep in the ground they are often used by thesis to good purpose for wounds, both green andold, to consolidate or knit ruptures. And well it may, being a plant ofsaturn the birch tree descript this grows a goodly tall straight tree, fraught with thesisboughs, and slender branches bending downward. The old being coveredwith discoloured chapped bark, and the younger being browner by much the leaves at the first breaking out are crumpled, and afterwardslike the beech leaves, but smaller and greener, and dented about theedges it bears small short cat-skins, essaywhat like those of thehazelnut-tree, which abide on the branches a long time, until growingripe, they fall on the ground and their seed with them place it usually grows in woods government and virtues it is a tree of venus. The juice of theleaves, while they are young, or the distilled water of them, or thewater that comes from the tree being bored with an auger, and distilledafterwards. Any of these being drank for essay days together, isavailable to break the stone in the kidneys and bladder, and is goodalso to wash sore mouths bird foot this small herb grows not above a span high with thesis branches spreadupon the ground, set with thesis wings of small leaves the flowers growupon the branches, thesis small ones of a pale yellow colour being seta-head together, which afterwards turn into small jointed pods, wellresembling the claw of small birds, whence it took its name there is another sort of bird foot in all things like the former, but a little larger. The flowers of a pale whitish and red colour, andthe pods distinct by joints like the other, but little more crooked;and the roots do carry thesis small white knots or kernels amongst thestrings place these grow on heaths, and thesis open untilled places of thisland time they flower and seed in the end of summer government and virtues they belong to saturn and are of a drying, binding quality, and thereby very good to be used in wound drinks, asalso to apply outwardly for the same purpose but the latter birdfoot is found by experience to break the stone in the back or kidneys, and drives them forth, if the decoction thereof be taken. And itwonderfully helps the ruptures, being taken inwardly, and outwardlyapplied to the place all sorts have best operations upon the stone, as ointments andplaisters have upon wounds. And therefore you may make a salt of thisfor the stone. The way how to do so may be found in my translationof the london dispensatory. And it may be i may give you it again inplainer terms at the latter end of this book bishop-weed besides the common name bishop-weed, it is usually known by the greekname ammi and ammois. Essay call it æthiopian cummin-seed, andothers cummin-royal, as also herb william, and bull-wort descript common bishop-weed rises up with a round straight stalk, essaytimes as high as a man, but usually three or four feet high, besetwith divers small, long and essaywhat broad leaves, cut in essay places, and dented about the edges, growing one against another, of a darkgreen colour, having sundry branches on them, and at the top smallumbels of white flowers, which turn into small round seeds littlebigger than parsley seeds, of a quick hot scent and taste. The root iswhite and stringy. Perishing yearly, and usually rises again on its ownsowing place it grows wild in thesis places in england and wales, as betweengreenhithe and gravesend government and virtues it is hot and dry in the third degree, of abitter taste, and essaywhat sharp withal. It provokes lust to purpose. Isuppose venus owns it it digests humours, provokes urine and womencourses, dissolves wind, and being taken in wine it eases pains andgriping in the bowels, and is good against the biting of serpents. Itis used to good effect in those medicines which are given to hinderthe poisonous operation of cantharides, upon the passage of the urine:being mixed with honey and applied to black and blue marks, coming ofblows or bruises, it takes them away.

And yet mizaldus, a man ofa penetrating brain, philosophy of life essay was of that opinion as well as the rest. Theherb is indeed under the dominion of saturn, and i prove it by thisargument. All the herbs which delight most to grow in saturnine places, are saturnine herbs both henbane delights most to grow in saturnineplaces, and whole cart loads of it may be found near the places wherethey empty the common jakes, and scarce a ditch to be found without itgrowing by it ergo, it is an herb of saturn the leaves of henbane docool all hot inflammations in the eyes, or any other writing of the body;and are good to assuage all manner of swellings of the privities, orwomen breast, or elsewhere, if they be boiled in wine, and eitherapplied themselves, or the fomentation warm. It also assuages the painof the gout, the sciatica, and other pains in the joints which arisefrom a hot cause and applied with vinegar to the forehead and temples, helps the head-ache and want of sleep in hot fevers the juice of theherb or seed, or the oil drawn from the seed, does the like the oilof the seed is helpful for deafness, noise, and worms in the ears, being dropped therein. The juice of the herb or root doth the same thedecoction of the herb or seed, or both, kills lice in man or beast the fume of the dried herb, stalks and seed, burned, quickly healsswellings, chilblains or kibes in the hands or feet, by holding them inthe fume thereof the remedy to help those that have taken henbane isto drink goat milk, honeyed water, or pine kernels, with sweet wine;or, in the absence of these, fennel seed, nettle seed, the seed ofcresses, mustard, or radish. As also onions or garlic taken in wine, doall help to free them from danger, and restore them to their due temperagain take notice, that this herb must never be taken inwardly. Outwardly, an oil ointment, or plaister of it, is most admirable for thegout, to cool the veneral heat of the reins in the french pox. Tostop the toothache, being applied to the aching side.

Andbeing taken with figs and nitre, helps the dropsy and spleen. Beingboiled with wine, it is good to wash inflammations, and takes away theblack and blue spots and marks that come by strokes, bruises, or falls, being applied with warm water it is an excellent medicine for thequinsy, or swellings in the throat, to wash and gargle it, being boiledin figs. It helps the tooth-ache, being boiled in vinegar and gargledtherewith the hot vapours of the decoction taken by a funnel in at theears, eases the inflammations and singing noise of them being bruised, and salt, honey, and cummin seed put to it, helps those that are stungby serpents the oil thereof the head being anointed kills lice, andtakes away itching of the head it helps those that have the fallingsickness, which way soever it be applied it helps to expectorate toughphlegm, and is effectual in all cold griefs or diseases of the chestsor lungs, being taken either in syrup or licking medicine the greenherb bruised and a little sugar put thereto, doth quickly heal any cutor green wounds, being thereunto applied hops these are so well known that they need no description. I mean themanured kind, which every good husband or housewife is acquainted with descript the wild hop grows up as the other doth, ramping upontrees or hedges, that stand next to them, with rough branches andleaves like the former, but it gives smaller heads, and in far lessplenty than it, so that there is scarcely a head or two seen in a yearon divers of this wild kind, wherein consists the chief difference place they delight to grow in low moist grounds, and are found inall writings of this land time they spring not until april, and flower not until the latterend of june. The heads are not gathered until the middle or latter endof september government and virtues it is under the dominion of mars this, inphysical operations, is to open obstructions of the liver and spleen, to cleanse the blood, to loosen the belly, to cleanse the reins fromgravel, and provoke urine the decoction of the tops of hops, as wellof the tame as the wild, works the same effects in cleansing the bloodthey help to cure the french diseases, and all manner of scabs, itch, and other breakings-out of the body. As also all tetters, ringworms, and spreading sores, the morphew and all discolouring of the skin thedecoction of the flowers and hops, do help to expel poison that any onehath drank half a dram of the seed in powder taken in drink, killsworms in the body, brings down women courses, and expels urine asyrup made of the juice and sugar, cures the yellow jaundice, eases thehead-ache that comes of heat, and tempers the heat of the liver andstomach, and is profitably given in long and hot agues that rise incholer and blood both the wild and the manured are of one property, and alike effectual in all the aforesaid diseases by all thesetestimonies beer appears to be better than ale mars owns the plant, and then dr reason will tell you how it performsthese actions horehound there are two kinds of horehound, the white and the black the blacksort is likewise called hen-bit. But the white one is here spoken of descript common horehound grows up with square hairy stalks, half ayard or two feet high, set at the joints with two round crumpled roughleaves of a sullen hoary green colour, of a reasonable good scent, buta very bitter taste the flowers are small, white, and gaping, set in arough, hard prickly husk round about the joints, with the leaves fromthe middle of the stalk upward, wherein afterward is found small roundblackish seed the root is blackish, hard and woody, with thesis strings, and abides thesis years place it is found in thesis writings of this land, in dry grounds, andwaste green places time it flowers in july, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues it is an herb of mercury a decoction ofthe dried herb, with the seed, or the juice of the green herb takenwith honey, is a remedy for those that are short-winded, have a cough, or are fallen into a consumption, either through long sickness, orthin distillations of rheum upon the lungs it helps to expectoratetough phlegm from the chest, being taken from the roots of iris ororris it is given to women to bring down their courses, to expel theafter-birth, and to them that have taken poison, or are stung or bittenby venemous serpents the leaves used with honey, purge foul ulcers, stay running or creeping sores, and the growing of the flesh overthe nails it also helps pains of the sides the juice thereof withwine and honey, helps to clear the eyesight, and snuffed up into thenostrils, purges away the yellow-jaundice, and with a little oil ofroses dropped into the ears, eases the pains of them galen saith, itopens obstructions both of the liver and spleen, and purges the breastand lungs of phlegm. And used outwardly it both cleanses and digests adecoction of horehound saith matthiolus is available for those thathave hard livers, and for such as have itches and running tetters the powder hereof taken, or the decoction, kills worms the greenleaves bruised, and boiled in old hog grease into an ointment, healsthe biting of dogs, abates the swellings and pains that come by anypricking of thorns, or such like means. And used with vinegar, cleansesand heals tetters there is a syrup made of horehound to be had at theapothecaries, very good for old coughs, to rid the tough phlegm. Asalso to void cold rheums from the lungs of old folks, and for thosethat are asthmatic or short-winded horsetail of that there are thesis kinds, but i shall not trouble you nor myselfwith any large description of them, which to do, were but, as theproverb is, to find a knot in a rush, all the kinds thereof beingnothing else but knotted rushes, essay with leaves, and essay without take the description of the most eminent sort as follows descript the great horsetail at the first springing has headsessaywhat like those of asparagus, and afterwards grow to be hard, rough, hollow stalks, jointed at sundry places up to the top, a foothigh, so made as if the lower writings were put into the upper, where growon each side a bush of small long rush-like hard leaves, each writingresembling a horsetail, from whence it is so called at the tops of thestalks come forth small catkins, like those of trees the root creepsunder ground, having joints at sundry places place this as most of the other sorts hereof grows in wetgrounds time they spring up in april, and their blooming catkins in july, seeding for the most writing in august, and then perish down to theground, rising afresh in the spring government and virtues the herb belongs to saturn, yet is veryharmless, and excellently good for the things following. Horsetail, thesmoother rather than the rough, and the leaves rather than the bare, ismost physical it is very powerful to staunch bleeding either inward oroutward, the juice or the decoction thereof being drank, or the juice, decoction, or distilled water applied outwardly it also stays allsorts of lasks and fluxes in man or woman, and bloody urine. And healsalso not only the inward ulcers, and the excoriation of the entrails, bladder, &c but all other sorts of foul, moist and running ulcers, andsoon solders together the tops of green wounds it cures all rupturesin children the decoction thereof in wine being drank, provokes urine, and helps the stone and stranguary. And the distilled water thereofdrank two or three times in a day, and a small quantity at a time, also eases the bowels, and is effectual against a cough that comes bydistillations from the head the juice or distilled water being warmed, and hot inflammations, pustules or red wheals, and other breakings-outin the skin, being bathed therewith, doth help them, and doth no lessthe swelling heat and inflammation of the lower writings in men and women houseleek or sengreen both these are so well known to my countrymen, that i shall not need towrite any description of them place it grows commonly upon walls and house-sides, and flowers injuly government and virtues it is an herb of jupiter, and it is reportedby mezaldus, to preserve what it grows upon from fire and lightning our ordinary houseleek is good for all inward heats as well asoutward, and in the eyes or other writings of the body. A posset made withthe juice of houseleek, is singularly good in all hot agues, for itcools and tempers the blood and spirits, and quenches the thirst. Andalso good to stay all hot defluctions or sharp and salt rheums in theeyes, the juice being dropped into them, or into the ears it helpsalso other fluxes of humours in the bowels, and the immoderate coursesof women it cools and restrains all other hot inflammations, st anthony fire, scaldings and burnings, the shingles, fretting ulcers, cankers, tettors, ringworms, and the like. And much eases the painsof the gout proceeding from any hot cause the juice also takes awayworts and corns in the hands or feet, being often bathed therewith, andthe skin and leaves being laid on them afterwards it eases also thehead-ache, and distempered heat of the brain in frenzies, or throughwant of sleep, being applied to the temples and forehead the leavesbruised and laid upon the crown or seam of the head, stays bleeding atthe nose very quickly the distilled water of the herb is profitablefor all the purposes aforesaid the leaves being gently rubbed on anyplace stung with nettles or bees, doth quickly take away the pain hound tongue descript the great ordinary hound tongue has thesis long andessaywhat narrow, soft, hairy, darkish green leaves, lying on theground, essaywhat like unto bugloss leaves, from among which rises upa rough hairy stalk about two feet high, with essay smaller leavesthereon, and branched at the tops into divers writings, with a small leafat the foot of every branch, which is essaywhat long, with thesis flowersset along the same, which branch is crooked or turned inwards beforeit flowers, and opens by degrees as the flowers blow, which consistof small purplish red leaves of a dead colour, rising out of the huskswherein they stand with essay threads in the middle it has essaytimes awhite flower after the flowers are past, there comes rough flat seed, with a small pointle in the middle, easily cleaving to any garment thatit touches, and not so easily pulled off again the root is black, thick, and long, hard to break, and full of clammy juice, smellingessaywhat strong, of an evil scent, as the leaves also do place it grows in moist places of this land, in waste grounds, anduntilled places, by highway sides, lanes, and hedge-sides time it flowers about may or june, and the seed is ripe shortlyafter government and virtues it is a plant under the dominion of mercury the root is very effectually used in pills, as well as the decoction, or otherwise, to stay all sharp and thin defluxions of rheum from thehead into the eyes or nose, or upon the stomach or lungs, as alsofor coughs and shortness of breath the leaves boiled in wine saithdioscorides, but others do rather appoint it to be made with water, andadd thereto oil and salt molifies or opens the belly downwards italso helps to cure the biting of a mad dog, essay of the leaves beingalso applied to the wound.

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Spine not injured no seminal discharge ninetyminutes, pulsation in right subclavian vein. Heart-beat, eighty perminute. Thorax opened, heart exposed. Right auricle showed full andregular contractions and dilatations the spinal cord was then divided one hundred and twenty minutes, heart-beats forty per minute thesepulsations of right auricle continued at intervals for three and a halfhours longer. Readily excited by point of scalpel heart normal. Leftventricle contracted. Right ventricle not so. No coagulation brainnormal. Lungs collapsed. Liver and spleen congested. Mucous membraneof small intestine pinkish. Other organs normal in the discussion, dr gay thought the absence of cerebral congestion was due to thecirculation continuing in the left carotid 90 hofmann.