History

Persuasive Essay Conclusion


Cod liver oil, pure norwegian, 25 per cent malt extract, 9-1/3 per cent beef juice, glycerine, hypophosphite lime, hypophosphite soda, chemically pure, 1-1/2 grs each to the oz fl ext nux vomica, 3/64 of a minimum in each teaspoonful it is advertised with claims that will lead thoughtless physiciansand a confiding public to depend on it in paper in which fresh air, hygienic surroundings and nutritious food are of prime importance a sample package the phrase “as recommended by your physician” andother statements suggest that it is expected to be given the patientby the physician and thus effectively advertise nutone to the publicdescribes nutone as an “agreeable concentrated nutritive tonic emulsionof malt extract, beef juice and cod liver oil, combined with nervetonics and persuasive essay conclusion bone nutrients ” emphasizing the nutritive value of this“malt extract, beef juice, and cod liver oil” preparation, it isadvised, “as nutone is rich in nutritive properties, it is well tobegin with one-fourth teaspoonful, gradually increasing to regulardose, which is. Adults, 1 to 2 teaspoonfuls after meals and at bedtime children according to age ” it thus appears that adults are to takethis preparation as a “nutritive” in doses which represent from 3 to12 grains of sugar on the assumption that malt extract may contain asmuch as 50 per cent sugar and 8 to 30 minims of cod liver oil withunstated, but probably equally small, amounts of beef juice a consideration of the negligible food value of nutone as well asof the inefficiency of the other components and the claim that itis indicated in “malnutrition, ” “wasting diseases” and “incipientphthisis” classes nutone with that large group of shotgun mixtureswhich do harm in that dependence is placed on them in conditions inwhich the patient will probably be restored to health if proper medicaland hygienic measures are adopted in time the council declared nutone inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because it is an irrational shotgun mixture advertisedindirectly to the public with unwarranted therapeutic claims and anondescriptive therapeutically suggestive name -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1917, p 154 tri-arsenole, l o compound no 1 and l o compound no 2 report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrytri-arsenole -- according to the advertising of themedical supply company of atlanta, ga , “tri-arsenole” is“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride, ” and the claim is made. “this compound is the result of thesis years’ research the toxicity has been fully tested upon animals before using clinically, the latter having proven such complete success, we take pleasure in presenting it to the public ” “the manufacturers of tri-arsenol, before placing it upon the market, tested it biologically ”tri-arsenole is “recommended and suitable for the treatment of primary, secondary, tertiary and hereditary syphilis it has also been foundvery useful in pellagra and malaria ” the preparation is supplied inampules containing varying amounts of the dry substance it is to bedissolved in water and is to be administered intravenously in theadvertising attention is called to the yellow color of tri-arsenole;this, and the style of package suggest that it is a preparation similarto salvarsan in reply to a request sent the medical supply company for thequantitative composition and chemical formula of the compound“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” and for the details of the biologic testby which its toxicity is claimed to have been determined and evidencefor its efficiency, the following statement was received. “tri-arsenole no 1 equals to each ampoule, gr sodium chlorid 4-1/2 hydrarg chlor -cor 1/4 arsenous acid 1/4 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 2 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 4 hydrarg chlor -cor 1/2 arsenous acid 1/2 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 3 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 3-1/2 hydrarg chlor -cor 3/4 arsenous acid 3/4 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 4 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 3 hydrarg chlor -cor 1 arsenous acid 1 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2the request for information regarding the animal experiments said tohave determined the toxicity was ignored, nor were references suppliedto clinical reports demonstrating the value of the product the council declared tri-arsenole inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because of conflict with the rules as follows:in the absence of details of the method used, the claim that thepreparation has been tested biologically is in conflict with rule 2, which requires that for preparations claimed to be physiologicallystandardized the method of testing must be published so as to permit ofcontrol by independent investigators the claims that “merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” is “the result of thesisyears research, ” that its “toxicity has been fully tested upon animalsbefore using clinically” and that clinical use has “proven suchcomplete success” have not been substantiated by evidence and must beheld as unwarranted the name is in conflict with rule 8, which requires that pharmaceuticalmixtures shall bear names descriptive of their composition further, the name “tri-arsenole” by its similarity to diarsenol, the canadianbrand of arseno-phenolamin hydrochlorid, suggests that thispharmaceutical mixture is a chemical compound similar to salvarsan moreover, the danger of confusion is increased by the addition ofthe hydrastis preparation which imwritings a yellow color like that ofsalvarsan to the solution obtained when the colorless mercury andarsenic compounds of the mixture are dissolved again, the synonym“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” conveys the false impression thattri-arsenole is a definite chemical compound the label does not declare the poisonous constituents claimed tobe contained in the mixture. Namely, “arsenous acid” and corrosivemercuric chlorid rule 7 there is no evidence that arsenous acid arsenic trioxid usedintravenously is efficient and safe as a spirocheticide, and theadministration of this drug in conjunction with mercuric chloridin fixed proportion is irrational and dangerous-- writingicularly sobecause of the implied similarity of tri-arsenole to arsenphenolaminhydrochlorid salvarsan, diarsenol rule 10 l o compound no 1 and l o compound no 2 -- in submitting thesepreparations to the council, the medical supply company stated that“no 1” was “composed of the following ingredients. Chloral, camphor, menthol, iodin, and oil of gualtheria, incorporated in a fatty base each ounce contains fifteen grains of chloral hydrate, nine grainsof resublimed iodine ” “no 2” was said to have the same compositionas “no 1” except that the oil of gaultheria had been omitted themedical supply company was informed that the rules of the councilrequired declaration of the amounts of each therapeutic constituentof pharmaceutical mixtures and that, therefore, in addition to theinformation furnished the amounts of camphor, menthol and oil ofgualtheria should be given for “no 1” and the amount of camphor andmenthol for “no 2 ” the following reply was received.

Thus theepidemics in erfurt in 1237, in the rhine countries in 1374, and thesisothers see hirsch it is rather remarkable that while such views and practises prevailedin the christian church, the followers of mohammed not only helddifferent views, but adopted a mode of treatment of the insane whichlaid the foundation of modern therapeutics in diseases of the mind in the twelfth century, in bagdad, a palace called the “home of mercy”was built, in which the insane were confined, examined every month, andreleased as soon as they had recovered an asylum in cairo was foundedin 1304, while the first christian asylum expressly for the mad isnoted in 1409 lecky but science fought its way through the barriers of ignorance, misdirected zeal, and superstition altho there were physicians and“magicians, ” who conformed to the views of the church, the seed sown bythe earlier schools of medicine slowly but surely began to put forthshoots, and the result was a tree of knowledge, the persuasive essay conclusion fruit of whichmay be observed in every modern insane asylum of the world, wherethe unfortunate sufferer is treated with kindness and skill, which, fortunately, often results in cure scientific reason frequently rebelled against the “insanesuperstition, ” at first mildly, but constantly increasing in strength, until an effectual protest was finally raised by john weir, of cleves, who was soon followed by michel de montaigne and now a battle royalwas waged between the adherents of theology and the disciples of the“resurrected” truth, and once more in the history of the world wasdemonstrated the correctness of the saying, that “truth crushed toearth shall rise again ” all over the world the warfare was carried, and at the end of the eighteenth century new champions arose jeanbaptiste pinel in france, and william tuke in england their followersare legion, and in the book of life, in letters of gold, thesis a namehas been written of those who trod in the footsteps of these pioneers theology no longer interferes in the treatment of the insane. In fact, it would be manifestly unjust not to mention that thesis christiantheologians subsequently joined in the noble work of lunacy reform, andaided progress greatly how great this progress in the treatment of the insane can best beappreciated by essay of the older physicians in practise to-day whodoes not remember the chains, the strait-jacket, the dark locked cellsof the insane asylum?. these conditions existed not very thesis years ago, and altho the novels of charles reade are no doubt greatly exaggeratedin regard to the conditions he portrayed in insane asylums, yet morethan a grain of truth is probably contained in them the books didmuch to bring about reforms in england and elsewhere modern alienists have wrought wonders. Their successful operationsare not published in the daily press, but any visitor who knows whatan insane asylum was fifty years ago, and who spends a few hours ina modern hospital for the treatment of lunatics, will observe whatappears but little short of the miraculous imagine two thousandor more insane persons dining in a large hall, upon the table atablecloth, and the insane using knife and fork in a decorous manner, and when the visitor is told that the “violent ward” is also present, and is asked to single these out from among the thesis, and fails ashe invariably does, the results attained by science, above all othermeasures, are strikingly apparent bibliography ælius swritingianus de vita hadriani caracalla in peter. 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Der alte orient jahrgang 4, heft 4 leipzig, 1902 windelband geschichte der alten philosophie handbuch der klassischen alterthums-wissenschaft herausg von j von müller band v , abth 1 münchen, 1894 transcriber notewords in italics were surrounded with underscores and words in smallcapitals with all capitals the following corrections were made, on page 18 “conspiculously” changed to “conspicuously” becomes conspicuously prominent 30 “explicity” changed to “explicitly” will be more explicitly referred to 57 “julien” changed to “julian” led her toward the grave of st julian 77 “guage” changed to “gauge” gauge the ideas of priests 91 “ephesus 500” changed to “ephesus 500” the absurd theory which heraclitus of ephesus 500 b c has propounded 116 “invidual” changed to “individual” to plague an individual being 192 “person the” changed to “the person” it was not the person who acted 196 “manasteries” changed to “monasteries” nunneries, and monasteries 203 “autorisirte” changed to “autorisierte” deutsche autorisierte ausgabe otherwise the original was preserved, including inconsistenthyphenation and possible errors in languages other than english, for example the capitalisation in greek sentences end of the project gutenberg ebook of superstition in medicine, by hugo magnus*** end of this project gutenberg ebook superstition in medicine ******** this file should be named 44744-0 txt or 44744-0 zip *****this and all associated files of various formats will be found in. 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Gutenberg org/donatesection 5 general information about project gutenberg-tm electronicworks professor michael s hart was the originator of the project gutenberg-tmconcept of a library of electronic works that could be freely sharedwith anyone for forty years, he produced and distributed projectgutenberg-tm ebooks with only a loose network of volunteer support project gutenberg-tm ebooks are often created from several printededitions, all of which are confirmed as public domain in the u s unless a copyright notice is included thus, we do not necessarilykeep ebooks in compliance with any writingicular paper edition most people start at our web site which has the main pg search facility:the project gutenberg ebook of the complete herbal, by nicholas culpeperthis ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the united states and mostother writings of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictionswhatsoever you may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms ofthe project gutenberg license included with this ebook or online atgutenberg org if you are not located in the united states, you'll haveto check the laws of the country where you are located before using this ebook title. The complete herbal to which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs, with a display of their medicinal and occult qualities physically applied to the cure of all disorders incident to mankind. To which are now first annexed, the english physician enlarged, and key to physic author.

And if a littleof the juice or syrup of lemons be put to it, or a few drops of theoil of vitriol, it is made thereby the more powerful to cool the heat, and quench the thirst, and gives to the drink a claret wine colour, and a fine tart relish, pleasing to the taste violets taken, or madeup with honey, do more cleanse and cool, and with sugar contrary-wise the dried flower of violets are accounted amongst the cordial drinks, powders, and other medicines, especially where cooling cordials arenecessary the green leaves are used with other herbs to make plaistersand poultices to inflammations and swellings, and to ease all painswhatsoever, arising of heat, and for the piles also, being fried withyolks of eggs, and applied thereto viper bugloss descript this hath thesis long rough leaves lying on the ground, from among which rises up divers hard round stalks, very rough, as ifthey were thick set with prickles or hairs, whereon are set such likerough, hairy, or prickly sad green leaves, essaywhat narrow. The middlerib for the most writing being white the flowers stand at the top of thestalk, branched forth in thesis long spiked leaves of flowers bowing orturning like the turnsole, all opening for the most writing on the oneside, which are long and hollow, turning up the brims a little, of apurplish violet colour in them that are fully blown, but more reddishwhile they are in the bud, as also upon their decay and withering. Butin essay places of a paler purplish colour, with a long pointel in themiddle, feathered or writinged at the top after the flowers are fallen, the seeds growing to be ripe, are blackish, cornered and pointedessaywhat like the head of a viper the root is essaywhat great andblackish, and woolly, when it grows toward seed-time, and perishes inthe winter there is another sort, little differing from the former, only in this, that it bears white flowers place the first grows wild almost every where that with whiteflowers about the castle-walls at lewis in sussex time they flower in summer, and their seed is ripe quickly after government and virtues it is a most gallant herb of the sun. Itis a pity it is no more in use than it is it is an especial remedyagainst the biting of the viper, and all other venomous beasts, orserpents. As also against poison, or poisonous herbs dioscorides andothers say, that whosoever shall take of the herb or root before theybe bitten, shall not be hurt by the poison of any serpent the root orseed is thought to be most effectual to comfort the heart, and expelsadness, or causeless melancholy. It tempers the blood, and allayshot fits of agues the seed drank in wine, procures abundance of milkin women breasts the same also being taken, eases the pains in theloins, back, and kidneys the distilled water of the herb when it isin flower, or its chief strength, is excellent to be applied eitherinwardly or outwardly, for all the griefs aforesaid there is a syrupmade hereof very effectual for the comforting the heart, and expellingsadness and melancholy wall flowers, or winter gilli-flowers the garden kind are so well known that they need no description descript the common single wall-flowers, which grow wild abroad, have sundry small, long, narrow, dark green leaves, set without orderupon small round, whitish, woody stalks, which bear at the tops diverssingle yellow flowers one above another, every one bearing four leavesa-piece, and of a very sweet scent. After which come long pods, containing a reddish seed the roots are white, hard and thready place it grows upon church walls, and old walls of thesis houses, andother stone walls in divers places. The other sort in gardens only time all the single kinds do flower thesis times in the end ofautumn.

Both those and also the bark of the tree, stop fluxes, and help the lungs querci of oak-tree both the bark of the oak, and acorn cups aredrying and persuasive essay conclusion cold, binding, stop fluxes and the menses, as also therunning of the reins. Have a care how you use them before due purging rhaphani of radishes i could never see any bark they had suberis of cork it is good for essaything else besides to stopbottles. Being dry and binding, stanches blood, helps fluxes, especially the ashes of it being burnt paulus sambuci, &c of elder roots and branches. Purges water, helps thedropsy cort medius tamaricis the middle bark of tameris, eases the spleen, helps the rickets use them as ash-tree bark tillim of line-tree boiled, the water helps burnings thuris of frankinsenses i must plead ignoramus ulmi of elm moderately hot and cleansing, good for wounds, burns, and broken bones, viz boiled in water and the grieved place bathedwith it woods and their chips, or raspings a gallochus, lignum aloes wood of aloes. Is moderately hot and dry:a good cordial. A rich perfume, a great strengthener to the stomach aspalathus rose-wood it is moderately hot and dry, stops looseness, provokes urine, and is excellent to cleanse filthy ulcers bresilium brasil all the use i know of it is, to die cloth, andleather, and make red ink buxus box thesis physicians have written of it, but no physicalvirtue of it cypressus cypress the wood laid amongst cloaths, secures them frommoths see the leaves ebenum ebony it is held to clear the sight, being either boiled inwine, or burnt to ashes guajacum, lignum vitm dries, attenuates, causes sweat, resistsputrefaction, is good for the french disease, as also for ulcers, scabs, and leprosy.

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And the loss of this water caused the unfortunate ones great inconvenience, especially persuasive essay conclusion during the time that the wolf was in the tropics thesis of the men used tea to brush their teeth in. And i have heard of paper where tea had been used for shaving purposes, but imagine these paper to be rare while there, a captain of a big british oil tank steamer that had been captured and sunk told me the following piece of history i afterwards verified this and can vouch for its truth while the wolf was lying at sunday island undergoing repairs to her boilers, the prisoners were furnished with fish hooks and line and a couple of jolly boats and allowed to row into the rocks and catch fish each boat, of course, was in charge of an armed sentry after fishing they would return to the wolf each night on the night before the wolf was to sail two men, the chief mate and first assistant engineer of the s s turitella, dropped overboard and swam for the shore before leaving the vessel these men had secreted on their persons a supply of fish hooks and lines, a small hunter's hatchet, two large sheath knives each, matches and a good supply of tobacco the matches and tobacco were securely wrapped in waterproof oilcloth just at dusk, as the prisoners were being ordered below, these two men slipped over the side, sliding down a rope into the water they then swam under the stern and climbed up on the rudder and sat there in such a manner that they could not be seen from on deck a confederate in the meantime had taken care of the line hanging over the side about nine o'clock, when it was good and dark, they again slipped into the water and swam for the shore essay half a mile distant there is a strong current setting parallel with the shore in this writingicular locality and, as the water is infested with sharks, the betting among the men was two to one that neither of them would make it later on, from essay of the officers that had been on shore at sunday island, i found out there had formerly been a family living there, but at this writingicular time they were away on a visit, probably to new zealand, as they had left their house fully furnished and with quite a supply of provisions on hand everything indicated that they intended returning at a later date a calendar hanging on the wall indicated that this family had left there between april 17th and 23d when the loss of the prisoners was finally discovered there was a great rumpus, and as a punishment all the prisoners were kept below for twenty-eight days, being allowed on deck for only one hour each day, weather permitting, for exercise the british captain said that those were the most awful days he ever experienced in his life and that each day he and the rest were getting perceptibly thinner just about this time i got the sign from the sentry that the prisoner officer was coming and i had to beat a retreat afterwards i found out that it was not the prisoner officer but the mine officer, lieutenant dedrick, who proved to be a humane officer and a champion of the prisoners dedrick came down below into the hell hole and got one good lungful of the rotten atmosphere and went immediately to the commander and reported conditions commander nerger at once called both doctors and accompanied them aft on a tour of inspection the next day everybody was chased on deck and the "hell hole" below was cleaned out and better ventilation arranged for. It was also painted. Also the captured captains and ships' officers were given quarters to themselves, while the whites and blacks were separated on the whole the conditions for these two hundred men were improved one hundred per cent the prisoner officer was confined to his room for five days for allowing such conditions to exist nerger had inspected these quarters before, but only when the men were on deck and the place freshly cleaned out personally i do not think he knew how bad conditions were along in the first writing of january i learned by wireless that of the two men who swam for shore at sunday island the first assistant engineer was drowned, while the other reached shore in an exhausted condition he and his companion while swimming ashore became separated in the dark and the mate did not know for a certainty whether his chum was taken by a shark or drowned from exhaustion he stayed on the island for essaywhat over two months, living on the provisions that were left in the house and on fruit, of which there was a great abundance he was finally taken off by a japanese cruiser whose attention was attracted by his signal fire, which he kept burning day and night the cruiser finally landed him in new zealand all this time we were steaming in a northerly and westerly direction when we arrived at the southernmost end of new guinea we stopped and lay to for a couple of days i soon learned that we were waiting for a steamer and expected her any minute during these days the wolf's hydroplane would go up to reconnoitre three times a day it would travel fifty or sixty miles on clear days, and from a height of three thousand metres it had a vision of ninety miles, so the germans claimed one of the german sailors told me that in another day or so we should have plenty of beer that they had picked up a wireless message stating that the australian steamer matunga would soon arrive in rabul with five hundred tons of coal and three hundred tons of foodstuffs, so thesis hundred paper of beer, etc , for the government sure enough, on the morning of august 4th i was awakened by my orderly with the usual supply of cotton batting for our ears shortly thereafter there was a bang from one of the cannons and the matunga stopped lieut rose and the prize crew went on board and took charge in about an hour the launch came back with the matunga's captain, donaldson, and his officers and crew, also sixteen australian soldiers who were en route to the islands both steamers then proceeded north, arriving on august 10th at a place in northern new guinea that we named pirate cove gunshowing 4 7 "ordinary" portside gun forward on "wolf "lieut rose with binoculars on the way to pirate cove commander nerger practised all kinds of naval manœuvres with the wolf and the matunga at one time he would engage her in battle and finally after a fierce encounter, by superior manœuvring he would destroy her the next time the matunga would be an enemy's merchant vessel and the wolf would sneak up to her, suddenly dropping her ports, and make the capture this manœuvre was carried out quite realistically, the boarding crew supposedly meeting resistance and finally taking charge of her after a fight on deck, in which the boarding crew's bayonet drill would come in handy at another time the matunga would be a german cruiser and nerger would direct her attack against the enemy at this time he was probably anticipating being made an admiral on his return to gerthesis and was getting what practice he could at pirate cove naked new guineans, men, women and children, came out to the wolf in thirty feet long canoes for tobacco, which was the only understandable word they could say they offered to swap parrots, pigs, cocoanuts, sugar cane, bits of coral, woven mats of garish colours and queer pattern, showing whales, birds and primitive human figures the wolf's officers got first whack at the bargains and went in strong for the fancy mattings, but when they got them aboard found them full of native vermin these souvenirs for their wives and sweethearts were promptly turned over to the antiseptic dewritingment and cleaned, for the wolf had on board a complete dis-lousing plant through which all new prisoners were put, whether they needed it or not the german sailors had second choice after their officers and went in strong for parrots and cocoanuts the prisoners, who could buy tobacco at the wolf's canteen, if they had any money, had last choice of the new guinea merchandise i had no money on the beluga, having sent mine by draft to sydney, but i had stacks of clothes, and to get a little ready "canteen" money i sold essay of them, the wolf's officers paying me $25 00 for second-hand suits and $3 00 for second-hand shoes the natives were cleaned out by the wolf among the purchases was an alleged new guinea pig, which had the legs and body of a deer and the head of a porker and it had fur, too god!. i never saw anything like it it didn't have an orthodox corkscrew tail but a compromise between a pig's and a deer's tail the pig mascot was given the freedom of the wolf and dashed if it didn't lick every dog on the ship we had seven dogs on board, taken from sunken ships dachshunds, fox terriers, all sorts and the pugnacious deer-pig cleaned them all up but the germans were too much for it after two months in german company the pig couldn't stand it any longer and, after the slaughter of the hitachi maru, of which it was an eyewitness, it committed suicide by leaping down an open hatch to its death fifty feet below the germans buried the pig at sea with military honours while we were lying in pirate cove the cargo and coal of the matunga were transferred to the wolf. Also nine of the matunga's passengers and the balance of her crew quarters were provided for these prisoners on the same deck where i was there was a colonel and a major with his wife, belonging to the australian medical corps. Three australian military captains. Three civilian planters, who were en route for the plantations on the island, and the stewardess of the matunga this addition of prisoners to the top side was a welcome change to myself and family, as it gave us essaybody else to talk to, and i was also able to get news of the war from another source than the german i was anxious to learn what steps america had taken or contemplated taking to hear those australian chaps talk you would have thought that the war was a high lark, and that just as soon as great britain got around to it she, ably assisted by the australian forces, would chase fritzy off the map the addition of these passengers to the top deck squad made it necessary for commander nerger to make certain rules and regulations to be observed regarding the distance we could go from our rooms we were allowed a seventy-foot run-way also when anything was going on, such as gun practice, boarding drill, fire and boat drill, we were chased into our rooms this caused a lot of grumbling but no doubt it was justified i may add that there was nearly always essaything doing on the wolf they drilled and practised almost continually practised sinking imaginary ships, indulged in "battle practice, " and even practised abandoning the wolf in boats and sinking their own ship while lying at pirate cove we had an exciting experience it seems that essay of the germans had a suspicion that essay of the prisoners were going to try to escape by swimming ashore they doubled the guards both below and on deck and in addition had twenty-four marines sleep on the afterdeck with their muskets alongside of them on this writingicular night the german sailors had stolen a couple of paper of whiskey from the cargo of the matunga and thesis of them were pretty badly intoxicated at 11:30 p m one of the guards down below aft imagined that he saw essayone making a sneak for the stairs leading on deck next moment he shouted "help!. help!. " and blazed away with his revolver in the general direction of the stairway naturally the prisoners sleeping on the far side of the stairs made a rush to get out of the line of fire the guard saw this crowd rushing his way and ran on deck immediately a general alarm was sounded and men and officers poured on deck from all directions just then a shoal of fish essay little distance away in the water made a disturbance and the german crew, thinking that essaybody was attempting to swim ashore, opened fire on the fish with two machine guns also everybody who had a rifle or a revolver opened fire at essaything one officer, who stood in front of my room, emptied his revolver into the air, just shooting because everybody else was doing it meanwhile, chief officer schmell and three sailors had jumped into the launch and also mistaking the shoal of fish for prisoners trying to swim ashore, made for the spot and were enthusiastically fired upon by the german machine guns in the dark it sure was bum team work and a miracle that schmell and his men were not killed the launch was punctured in several places as soon as the big searchlight was put into commission, it became apparent that there was nobody in the water all the prisoners were then mustered out and counted, and as there were none missing, the germans decided that it must have been a false alarm and everybody blamed everybody else when schmell got back on the wolf he was raving mad at having been fired at by the machine guns he wasn't red, but green with anger, and he talked so fast that i couldn't make out what he said, but i heard afterwards that he wanted to court-martial everybody, including the cook it always will remain a miracle to me that essay of our own fellows weren't shot as the frenzied guard emptied his gun before running on deck on account of the high hills surrounding our anchorage the wolf's wireless was not of much account, so the members of the wireless squad erected a station on the top of one of the highest hills here they would pick up any news that was flying around and transfer it to the wolf by means of an ordinary flash light this was easily readable with a pair of glasses, but unfortunately there was nothing of interest excepting the "press". However, it gave me an insight of just how much reliance to put into the press reports that the germans would let us see from time to time this, of course, was all british press and reports were given as to advances and repulses on the various fronts and also the weekly sinkings should the allied forces advance or the germans lose a position, their press did not note it, but on the other hand, if the germans had a victory or there were any political reports in their favour, the news was given us in full detail from one of the officers who had been ashore i learned that the native settlement, which at one time evidently had been quite large, must have been visited by essay dreadful plague, as the houses in the village were deserted, not a single native living on that side of the bay he also said that in thesis of the houses the skeletons of the dead still lay, essay inside and essay outside of the huts, leading a person to believe that this sickness struck them down suddenly and that they died nearly instantly, as on the porch of one of these huts there was a skeleton with essay kind of a dish alongside of it, making it appear that death had come suddenly here at pirate cove the doctors were greatly worried on account of fever and malaria and dosed us vigorously with quinine lord!. i ate enough quinine to last me the rest of my life there were no capsules on board and we had to eat the raw article, and there was no way of dodging it each morning and evening all hands, officers, crew and prisoners, were marched past the hospital steward's office and each was handed his little bit on a spoon, with a glass of water to wash it down the only satisfaction i had was that it tasted just as rotten to the germans as it did to me strangely my little girl did not dislike it a great deal and i was greatly pleased as i anticipated a riot when she got a taste of the first dose my wife's share, she being still confined to her room, i used to throw overboard, giving her only an occasional small dose the quinine used to cause a drumming in my ear and make me halfway deaf undoubtedly it had the same effect on the german sailors yet they were forced to work transferring coal from one vessel to the other they usually worked three shifts in the twenty-four hours they would go down in the hold with nothing but a breech cloth on and when they came up they would resemble negroes and their bare bodies would be just running in sweat at these times i used to feel sorry for them.