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Personal Reflective Essay Examples


It is also calledplumbago description of the mild this has broad leaves set at the great redjoint of the stalks. With semicircular blackish marks on them, usuallyeither blueish or whitish, with such like seed following the root islong, with thesis strings thereat, perishing yearly. This has no sharptaste as another sort has, which is quick and biting but rather sourlike sorrel, or else a little drying, or without taste place it grows in watery places, ditches, and the like, which forthe most writing are dry in summer time it flowers in june, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues as the virtue of both these is various, sois also their government. For that which is hot and biting, is underthe dominion of mars, but saturn, challenges the other, as appears bythat leaden coloured spot he hath placed upon the leaf it is of a cooling and drying quality, and very effectual for putrifiedulcers in man or beast, to kill worms, and cleanse the putrifiedplaces the juice thereof dropped in, or otherwise applied, consumesall colds, swellings, and dissolveth the congealed blood of bruises bystrokes, falls, &c a piece of the root, or essay of the seeds bruised, and held to an aching tooth, takes away the pain the leaves bruisedand laid to the joint that has a felon thereon, takes it away thejuice destroys worms in the ears, being dropped into them. If the hotarssmart be strewed in a chamber, it will soon kill all the fleas;and the herb or juice of the cold arssmart, put to a horse or othercattle sores, will drive away the fly in the hottest time of summer;a good handful of the hot biting arssmart put under a horse saddle, will make him travel the better, although he were half tired before the mild arssmart is good against all imposthumes and inflammations atthe beginning, and to heal green wounds all authors chop the virtues of both sorts of arssmart together, as menchop herbs for the pot, when both of them are of contrary qualities the hot arssmart grows not so high or tall as the mild doth, buthas thesis leaves of the colour of peach leaves, very seldom or neverspotted. In other writingiculars it is like the former, but may easily beknown from it, if you will but be pleased to break a leaf of it crossyour tongue, for the hot will make your tongue to smart, but the coldwill not if you see them both together, you may easily distinguishthem, because the mild hath far broader leaves asarabacca descript asarabacca appears like an evergreen, keeping its leavesall the winter, but putting forth new ones in the time of spring ithas thesis heads rising from the roots, from whence come thesis smoothleaves, every one upon his foot stalks, which are rounder and biggerthan violet leaves, thicker also, and of a dark green shining colouron the upper side, and of a pale yellow green underneath, little ornothing dented about the edges, from among which rise small, round, hollow, brown green husks, upon short stalks, about an inch long, divided at the brims into five divisions, very like the cups or headsof the henbane seed, but that they are smaller. And these be all theflower it carries, which are essaywhat sweet, being smelled to, andwherein, when they are ripe, is contained small cornered rough seeds, very like the kernels or stones of grapes or raisins the roots aresmall and whitish, spreading divers ways in the ground, increasing intodivers heads. But not running or creeping under the ground, as essayother creeping herbs do they are essaywhat sweet in smell, resemblingnardus, but more when they are dry than green.

Nineteenare substances which are in the edition of useful drugs now in thepress it cannot be said, however. That all of the additions have beenjudiciously selected it is an infelicitous time to add calcium andsodium glycerophosphate just when grave doubts of their therapeuticefficiency are being felt the addition of the extracts of aconite, hydrastis and viburnum prunifolium is likewise unfortunate all aresuperfluous preparations, the first because a drug so powerful thatan average dose of the extract is only 10 mg or 1/6 grain is bettergiven in the form of tincture. The second because hydrastis is a drugof uncertain value, already represented by three preparations, and thethird because viburnum prunifolium has been discarded and discreditedby the best therapeutic authorities it must be accounted clear gain, on the other hand, that the deletions include thesis inert, obsoleteor superfluous substances like bismuth citrate, kaolin cataplasm, pipsissewa, coca leaves, ladyslipper, wahoo, cotton root bark, compound acetanilid powder and compound syrup of hypophosphites, not tomention nine salts of iron and thirty-eight fluidextracts of variousdrugs wines, unmedicated and medicated, whisky and brandy are alsoamong the articles dropped a number of new features are introduced, such as microscopic standardsfor powdered drugs, standard abbreviations for titles, the use ofthe term “mil” instead of “cubic centimeter, ” and a chapter each onsterilization, diagnostic reagents, biologic assays, electrolyticdetermination of metals and the determination of alcohol, the meltingpoint, the boiling point and the congealing point the chemical nomenclature is substantially the same as that adopted inthe previous revision. So is the nomenclature of drugs the addition ofofficial abbreviations for the latin titles of drugs will doubtless befound a useful feature less commendable is the change from the familiar “cc ” to “mil ” theterm “cubic centimeter” is so thoroughly established and so widelyused, wherever the metric system is employed, that it cannot beexpected that it will be universally displaced by the word “mil ” thelatter is therefore only a superfluous synonym, and as such out ofharmony with the simplicity of the metric system perhaps it may evenbe taken for the abbreviation of “millimeter, ” “milligram” or otherwords derived from “mille, ” which would be equally entitled to the sameabbreviation -- book review in the journal a m a , sept 2, 1916 physician stock in prescription productsthe letter that follows comes from a physician who feels that he has agrievance regarding a company in which he holds stock:“in 1914, i bought essay stock of the -- -- -- -- company, and in 1917bought essay more stock in the same company i notice that the companyadvertises in the journal of the american medical association, and ibelieve it does this not so much to acquaint the medical professionwith its product, as to acquaint physicians with its name in order thatits stock salesmen can keep on unloading more stock to members of themedical profession “the company gets the doctors’ money through the sale of stocks, itgets its product on the market with the doctors’ assistance and throughtheir influence, and it looks to me as if the doctors were getting verylittle in return, as the dividend checks have been few and far betweensince i have known anything of the company “it is not my idea to criticize the product. But i do believe and feelthat the stockholders are entitled to a square deal from a companywhich in turn is expecting so much from them, and again i feel that thepublishers of the journal should be made aware of these conditions sothat they do not either consciously or unconsciously foster a concernthat is depriving the physician of his hard-earned money “if this letter is unfair, i am willing to be shown otherwise kindlypublish it in the journal, omitting my name and address ”the company to which our correspondent refers put out a proprietaryproduct prescribed by physicians and used by the public essay years agothe company in question advertised its product in the journal until itsstock-selling scheme was brought to the attention of the journal. Theadvertisements were then rejected essay years later, on evidence thatthe company had discontinued its stock-selling methods to physicians, its product was again admitted to the advertising pages of the journal our correspondent says that he believes that the physicians who holdstock in this company “are entitled to a square deal ” what about thepublic?.

Therefore if you love children, if you love personal reflective essay examples health, if youlove ease, keep a syrup always by you, made of the juice of this herb, and sugar or honey, if it be to cleanse the womb, and let such as berich keep it for their poor neighbours. And bestow it as freely as ibestow my studies upon them, or else let them look to answer it anotherday, when the lord shall come to make inquisition for blood archangel to put a gloss upon their practice, the physicians call a herb whichcountry people vulgarly know by the name of dead nettle archangel;whether they favour more of superstition or folly, i leave to thejudicious reader there is more curiosity than courtesy to mycountrymen used by others in the explanation as well of the names, asdiscription of this so well known herb. Which that i may not also beguilty of, take this short discription.

But this, with the septic tendency due to blood changes, isnot sufficient to designate it as a purely “thermal fever, ” as essayhave claimed it is essaything more than this sunstroke occurs more commonly in tropical than temperateclimates;694 and usually in the day-time, at the period of greatestsolar activity, those attacked being engaged in labor involvingconsiderable exertion it occasionally, though rarely, occurs at night the military service affords abundant opportunity for observation herethe seizures are on the march, rarely in camp fatigue, prolonged andextreme exertion, ill-adjusted clothing and accoutrements, with thedeprivation of cool water, are fully as active factors as the heat ofthe sun the death-rate ranges between forty and fifty per cent, themild paper being excluded death in essay paper is marked by syncope, in others by apnœa, though the majority seem to die by a combinationof both, as in most paper the pulmonary congestion is more or lesspronounced undoubtedly the character of the symptoms and mode of personal reflective essay examples deathare influenced, in thesis paper, by individual tendencies leading toapoplectic conditions or to cardiac or other complications treatment this must be adjusted to the pathological conditions of the patient as already indicated, two classes of paper are met. One marked byexhaustion, with tendency to death by syncope. The other, a state ofor tendency to cerebral congestion or apoplectic conditions exactlyopposite methods of treatment are demanded in the first, frequencyand feebleness of the heart action, with faintness of the heartsounds and embarrassment of respiration, indicate the tendency todeath by nervous exhaustion, and must be met by placing the patientin a condition of absolute rest and quiet in a cool place stimulantsmust be promptly administered, though cautiously on account of thetendency to nausea and vomiting hypodermic injections of alcohol orether, or rectal enemata of turpentine, alcohol, or other stimulants, afford means of securing speedy effects when the stomach is irritable carbonate of ammonia and other cardiac stimulants are recommended depleting agents, or such as prove depressing, are to be avoided inessay paper, hypodermic injections of small doses of morphine provebeneficial individual paper must modify therapeutic procedures in the second class of paper the tendency to cerebral congestionindicates sedative and depleting procedures blood-letting has beenrecommended by essay authors, if employed with extreme judgment anddiscrimination 695 cold applied to the head and also to the wholebody by rubbing with ice696 or by effusion and the wet sheet, orother means, is indicated if the temperature is high 104° to 105° f active catharsis, by promptly acting purgative enemata, is also to beresorted to in most paper the convulsions occurring in essay paper aresuccessfully modified and controlled by inhalations of small quantitiesof chloroform post-mortem appearances these, though not clearly characteristic, are pronounced in essay paperno distinct conditions are found 697 local congestions are present innearly all paper upon the skin are found petechial and livid spots, pallor being occasionally noted ecchymoses and subserous hemorrhagesare also common these conditions have been described as resemblingthose of spotted typhus levick rigor mortis is marked and occurs early, putrefaction beginning soonafter death the lungs are highly congested and often œdematous, andeffusions of serum are frequently found in the pleural cavities 698the heart is usually changed in color and consistence, with the leftventricle contracted and the aorta empty, while the right ventricleand pulmonary arteries are dilated and engorged the blood is fluidand dark 699 the large vessels of the pia and dura are full ofdark blood congestion of the cerebral mass is not always noted theventricles contain serum. And extravasations of blood into the cervicalsympathetic ganglia and vagus are essaytimes found the kidneys areusually moist and œdematous. The liver and spleen congested and dry burns and scalds for all purposes of practice it is unnecessary to draw any distinctionbetween a burn and a scald, for in reality none exists, except asregards the nature of the causative agent in essay paper requiringinvestigation, this may prove to be a matter of much importance definition - a burn is an injury produced by the application to thebody of a heated substance, flame or radiant heat a scald is an injury produced by the application of a liquid at ornear its boiling-point appearances as indicating origin a hot body may produce a burn of any intensity, ranging betweenreddening of the skin and complete charring of the tissues, accordingas its temperature is elevated and the period of contact prolonged. Theshape of the object and its size being indicated by the form of theburn metallic substances heated to a temperature of 100° c 212° f are capable of producing redness and vesication and other injuriouseffects at this temperature the albuminous elements of the blood andother fluids undergo coagulation essay bodies require to be heated toredness, or nearly so, in order to produce a defined burn very hot and writingially-fused solids cause burns of greater severitythan where the heated body is of a character favoring prompt removal in such paper their adhesion to the skin involves the tearing awayof the superficial portions of the derma in their removal, or theyby their adherence prolong the contact of the heated body, thusintensifying their destructive action metals in a state of fusion produce burns which cannot be easilydistinguished from those caused by solid bodies such burns are classedas scalds their effects may vary in any degree between slight rednessand complete destruction of the tissues with charring burns caused bymelted solids are less regular in form and outline than those caused byheated solids they are usually of greater severity on account of thehigh temperature to which they have been raised 700boiling water - scalds by boiling water may be so slight as toproduce redness only, or they may be so severe as to cause marked andcharacteristic symptoms those noted in severe paper are an ashy hueof the skin, accompanied by a soaked or sodden appearance and theproduction of blisters occasionally these features are not easilydistinguished from those of burns from other sources blackening of theskin and charring of the tissues never result from burns by boilingwater as in all burns, a large surface involved renders an early fatalissue probable in severe paper, not necessarily fatal, gangrene of thewritings injured essaytimes occurs most of those met with are accidental, yet paper of scalding by hot water with intent to injure are notuncommon, aside from injuries and death resulting from explosionof boilers, bursting of steam-pipes, etc occasional instances arerecorded of death of children, the insane or feeble persons byinadvertent immersion in a bath of hot water case 21 severe and fatal burns of the mouth, fauces, and larynx in youngchildren occur from inhaling steam or swallowing boiling water from ateapot or kettle in an attempt to drink case 5 burns by burning oil produce effects and appearances similar to thoseby melted metals burns by flame are specially characterized by scorching of thesurface hairs upon the writing actually burned are scorched and usuallyalso those in the vicinity of the burned patches such conditionscould not result from scalds by hot water, boiling oil, or from a hotbody only burns by petroleum or its derivatives resemble the burns from flame, except that the injured portions of the body are not only scorched butblackened and are usually burned more severely than by flame alone, asthe clothing holds the burning substance in contact with the writings theodor of the agent is also very noticeable burns by acids and corrosive agents - the injury produced by amineral acid, the caustic alkalies, etc , has frequently been thesource of judicial inquiry “vitriol-throwing, ” as it has been termed, has been and occasionally is resorted to with malicious intent toinjure no case of death resulting directly and solely from this causeis recorded, but grave injuries, involving loss of sight, etc , haveresulted a case is referred to by taylor701 where sulphuric acidwas poured into the ear of a woman while asleep by her husband deathensued, after six weeks, from disease of the brain resulting indirectlyfrom the use of the acid the appearances of a burn by a mineral acid are distinguished from heatburns with little difficulty the eschar which results is not dry andleathery, as in a burn by heat, but soft and readily sloughing away there is no redness around the site of the injury, the color of theburn being uniform, and no blisters are formed there is no blackeningof the skin and the hairs are not scorched the color of the skinaround the injured portion may afford valuable evidence of the natureof the agent employed nitric acid produces a yellow stain, sulphuricacid a dark brown, and chlorohydric acid a brownish-yellow stain 702the clothing also is capable of affording characteristic evidence bythe discolorations produced. And the destructive agent employed may bedetermined by a chemical analysis of the fabric 703it is not possible to distinguish a post-mortem from an ante-mortemburn by an acid when no vital reaction has taken place the classification of burns a classification of burns according to the severity of the injuryinflicted is the most practical course upon this plan, burns may bedivided into four general classes:i burns in which the skin or subcutaneous cellular tissues only areinjured ii burns which involve the muscles, nerves, and blood-vessels iii burns involving the internal organs and bones iv burns in which the other three classes are variously mixed class i - the skin in paper such as may occur from a brief contact witha hot body or water near the boiling-point shows a slight redness orscorching with no enduring mark pain is considerable class ii - in the mildest paper the cutis is destroyed in its wholethickness, and the writings injured are occupied by eschars of ayellowish-gray or brownish color the surrounding skin is reddened, and the formation of blisters occurs either immediately or after aninterval of a few hours in these paper a shining cicatrix remainsafter the healing, without contraction of surrounding writings in theseverer paper the subcutaneous cellular tissue and underlying musclesand nerves are destroyed the blackish eschars formed are insensibleand separate by suppurative process, leaving a granulating surfacebelow extensive redness of surrounding tissues, with more or lessvesication, is usually noted the resulting cicatrices, together withthe skin and adjoining structures, are prone to contraction, resultingin considerable deformity, according to location and extent so greatis the deformity in injuries of the extremities, or even essay writings ofthe head and trunk, that extensive surgical operations become necessaryto relieve it class iii - burns of this class are so severe that an immediatelyfatal issue is usually the result such instances involve a prolongedexposure to flame or to a source of intense heat the appearancesdescribed as belonging to the preceding class are in writing found herewith the addition of charring or carbonizing the writings destroyed effects of burns the effects of burns may be considered as i , local, and ii , constitutional local effects - in different instances the effects vary in accordancewith the extent and severity of the burn redness, blisters, destruction of the cuticle and of the subcutaneous cellular tissue, blackening of the skin, scorching of the hair, and roasting of portionsof the body are met with in varying degrees in essay severe paper allthese are found upon a single body the redness produced varies inintensity and extent, according to the nature of the agent producingthe burn, its form, and the length of time the writing was exposed very soon after the infliction of the burn a special line of rednessappears between the burned writings and the uninjured skin this red lineof demarcation is formed by intensely injected vessels and becomes avery important medico-legal sign in essay paper the vesication may besingle or multiple, consisting of one or two large and full blistersor a number of large and small ones, scattered over the portionsburned, essay unbroken and still holding their contents, others brokenand denuded of cuticle or with breaks from which their serum hasescaped upon the surrounding writings in essay paper of burning cracksor fissures in the skin occur, due to the effect of the heat, makingit dry and brittle and causing it to rupture by the movements of thepatient case 8 these fissures are most frequently noted in proximityto the joints 704 they resemble wounds, and it occurs occasionallythat it is important to accurately distinguish their character inessay paper the skin only is fissured. In others the subjacent tissuesare also involved this difference depends upon the depth of the burn in the first condition the skin splits, leaving the subcutaneous fatexposed, which in essay instances is writingially melted by the heat andflows out over the edge of the crack upon the surrounding skin paper8, 13 the blood-vessels in such paper usually are not burned and, owing to their elasticity, remain stretching across the fissure case14 the smaller may be seen by careful examination with a lens:they should always be looked for in the second class of injuriesthe vessels are involved in the burn and break with the cracking ofthe skin the importance of careful observation of these fissures isemphasized in paper of apparent wounds associated with burning it maybe necessary to decide whether the wounds are the result of the actionof heat as above described or were caused by essay sharp instrument orweapon careful inspection of the edges of the wounds will show whetherthey are ragged, as the result of fissure, or clean-cut by essay sharpinstrument the absence of evidences indicating hemorrhage upon thesurrounding writings and the detection of uncut blood-vessels extendingacross the fissure will establish the differential diagnosis wounds ofthe above character resulting from the action of fire may exist on thesame body with wounds of actual violence it is important, therefore, in all paper to examine each wound with special care and record itsposition, shape, depth, and other characteristics constitutional effects - as in all sudden and violent injuries, theeffect of a severe burn upon the nervous system is very marked thisis manifest in the symptoms of “shock, ” with pallor and coldness ofthe surface of the body, a feeble pulse, chills or shivering, and atendency to collapse in other paper, proving immediately fatal, thesesymptoms are followed by obstructed respiration with death from comasucceeding in other paper convulsions precede death, while in such asare not immediately fatal a reaction more or less imperfect ensues uponthe first constitutional symptoms death from cerebral congestion or effusion may result before anydefinite evidence of reaction appears in essay instances pulmonarycongestion or œdema occurs, with or without pleural effusion, terminating in death before reaction this period usually coversthe first two days in essay paper immediate death results fromthe depression produced by the severity of the pain during thesubsequent two weeks a period of inflammatory reaction succeeds, wheninflammations of the thoracic and abdominal viscera, with ulcerativeprocesses in essay organs, are developed and induce a fatal termination paper 10, 11, 16 causes of death the causes of death are due to several conditions this factis explained in writing by the relation which exists between thecerebro-spinal and sympathetic nervous systems, and of the nervoussupply of the surface to that of the internal organs, which in paperof extensive injury proportionately modify the conditions of thevisceral organs as death in burning results from various causes, it isconvenient to consider them under two classes:1st those immediately fatal 2d those fatal after an interval the first division would include paper in which the deprivation offresh air and the presence of asphyxiating products of combustion carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide were the immediate causes of deathby suffocation or asphyxia paper 9, 18 accidents in endeavoring to escape or injuries by falling wallsor timbers may cause death immediately, and burning the body occursubsequently immediate death may result from syncope or collapse from theviolence of the shock to the nervous system by the pain resulting fromthe burns the second division includes those conditions where death may resultearly, from a series of causes less immediate than those just mentioned cerebral congestion and effusion, resulting in death from coma, is not unusual case 15 in this connection taylor705 cites a caseof alleged poisoning by opium, in the treatment of a burn, in a childdying comatose, and emphasizes the undesirability of administeringopium or its preparations to children in paper of burns of anyseverity the danger claimed to exist is hardly to be considered in the case referred to, abernethy, who was a witness in the case, ascribed death to coma induced by the effect of the burn thepowerfully depressing influence of the pain in sensitive organizationsand liability to death from shock therefrom must be remembered inflammatory conditions of the respiratory tract or organs arecommon results. Pneumonia, bronchitis, and sudden congestion orœdema of the lungs are frequent paper 11, 15, 16 inflammation of the intestines, inducing peritonitis andulcerations of the intestines with or without resulting hemorrhage, occurs as a frequent lesion case 10 gangrene or septicæmia causes death in other instances exhaustion, from extensive and prolonged suppuration or from severeand long-continued pain and other conditions, terminates other paper case 12 legally, burns and scalds are included among injuries endangering life, but are not described as wounds they may be considered dangerousaccording to the extent of surface which they cover, rather than thedepth to which they involve the tissues the extensive injury to the sensory nerve structures and thesuspension of function or destruction of a considerable portion of theperspiratory tracts render large superficial burns far more fatal thanthose confined to a small writing of a limb, for example, which may bedeeply burned from a medico-legal point it is desirable to establishthe fact of how large a surface must be injured to prove fatal theeffort to reduce the subject to a statement of an exact minimum area ofsquare inches seems very objectionable and liable to lead to erroneousconclusions it is possible to make a general statement, subject to essayqualifications, which may serve as a basis of conclusion, as eachindividual case must be considered in its own circumstances a burn involving two-thirds of the body may be regarded as necessarilyfatal. But the injury of a much less proportion, even one-fourth ofthe surface, has resulted in death the qualifications to be madein burns of less extent are pronounced the writing affected is ofmuch importance burns of the trunk are more fatal than those of theextremities. And those of the genital organs706 and lower writing of theabdomen are especially so case 7 the character of the burn, whether single and continuous or multipleand scattered over various portions of the body, is a very importantmodifying circumstance, involving the questions of excessive pain andthe difficulty in insuring necessary treatment for all writings injured the physical condition of the patient and sensitiveness of the nervoussystem to pain exert a powerfully determining influence burns inchildren and sensitive, nervous females are specially serious and callfor an unfavorable prognosis spontaneous combustion - spontaneous combustion of the human bodyhas been seriously discussed in this connection, and explanations ofpopularly reported paper have been attempted the writer refers tothe subject here for the sole purpose of stating that no trustworthyevidence of the possibility of any such condition or result exists treatment in paper of severe burns the constitutional as well as the localconditions demand attention locally, a great variety of applicationshas been employed. Starch, gum, oxide of zinc, solution of caoutchou, collodion, cotton wadding, a mixture of linseed oil and lime-wateron cotton or lint, and thesis other agents are used the importantconsideration is to exclude the air from and to afford a protectivecovering for the injured surface the constitutional treatment variesin different paper. But its main object is to relieve pain, inducereaction from the shock, and support the depressed nervous system for the first opium or its preparations in proper doses is indicated alcoholic stimulants in essay paper are demanded in addition afterthe stage of reaction has occurred the therapeutics must be governedby inflammatory conditions. Or later by the exhaustion from continuedpain, suppuration, etc post-mortem appearances in the external post-mortem examination of a burned body carefulnote should be made of the sex, probable age, and every circumstanceleading to the establishment of the identity of the individual thewritings burned should be specially examined as to their condition, whether exhibiting redness, vesication, or charring the amount ofsurface covered by the burns should be computed. Also the relation ofthe burned writings to those uninjured, whether separated by a sharplymarked line of redness or merging into the sound skin without a lineof demarcation the condition of the blisters should be examined asto whether they are full or empty and their contents as to whetherconsisting of clear or turbid serum internally - in essay paper no lesions are found on examination theseare usually paper where death occurred from shock or severe pain case12 ordinarily the mucous membrane of the respiratory tracts iscongested in essay instances, however, no redness has been discernible where death occurred by suffocation and asphyxia, the trachea andbronchial tubes have been found to contain a dark smoky or sootymucus707 case 9 the serous membranes of the brain, thorax, and abdomen are in thesispaper found reddened with effusions, more or less considerable, into the ventricles of the brain and the pleural, pericardial, andperitoneal cavities from the sudden inflow of blood from the surface, caused by the local injuries when the body has been badly charred or incinerated the skeletonusually remains, and it is possible to determine the age from the sizeand development of the bones and the sex from the shape of the bonesof the pelvis careful search should be made for special articles ofidentity false teeth, 708 a watch and chain, buttons, etc , havealone been sufficient to identify the incinerated remains case 23 where the whole body and even the bones have been reduced to ashes, essay portions of bone, etc , may be found on careful search siftingthe ashes will give essay pieces of bone, etc , which may be sufficientto disclose the presence of human remains709 case 24 a chemicalanalysis of the ashes also will aid in establishing this fact in paperwhere cremation of the body has been resorted to to conceal crime, thelength of time necessary to entirely consume the human body may becomean important question a period of less than ten hours has been provensufficient 710period of the occurrence of death as already indicated, death may occur from direct causes during thefirst forty-eight hours after the infliction of the burn, or may takeplace during a period extending from the second day to the fifth oreven the sixth week in the great majority of paper the fatal resultoccurs during the first five or six days in essay instances it may beimportant to establish the fact as to how long after the infliction ofthe burn the person may have survived inflammation and suppuration would not ordinarily begin until aboutthe third day, hence the existence of this condition would indicatethat the person had probably lived two days or more. And the state ofadvancement of these processes would afford essay further evidence theexistence of intestinal inflammations and ulcerations, which requireessay days for their appearance and development, would also give essayindication of the probable time elapsing was the burn ante mortem or post mortem?. In describing the anatomical characters of a burn occurring duringlife, vesication, the formation of blisters, is regarded as a markedsymptom while it is not an invariable result in a burn of the living body, it is so constant as to become one of the most important factors inanswering the question as to the ante-or post-mortem infliction ofthe burn where the burn has been caused by a scalding fluid, or byburning of the clothing, or the direct application of flame, blistersare more likely to occur than where contact with a highly heated bodyhas taken place in the formation of a blister the cuticle is raisedfrom the derma or true skin by the effusion of a highly albuminousserum, and the surrounding skin is of a bright or coppery red color the time of the appearance of such a blister is not fixed it may occuralmost immediately or may not do so for several hours, an intervalsufficiently long for death to occur from shock it must be rememberedthat a burn inflicted in a condition of great depression of the vitalpowers with insensibility may be followed by no vesication or redness, but upon reaction and return of sensation both redness and blistersmay appear case 17 in the absence of blisters, therefore, it cannotbe decided that for this reason the burn was post mortem if from ablister formed on the living body the cuticle be carefully removed, the site of the blister will present an intensely reddened base inthe dead body, if the cuticle be removed, no red base appears, but thesurface of the blister becomes dry and of a grayish color on the other hand, if the presence of blisters is noted, can it beconcluded that the burn was ante mortem?. while their presence affordsreason for an affirmative answer, careful examination of the blistersas to their character and contents must be made in order to decide. Thepresence of apparent blisters is not alone sufficient paper 20, 18;plate ii elaborate experiments have been made in order to decide the possibilityof producing blisters post mortem leuret, 711 in experiments upon dropsical subjects twenty-four hoursafter death, shows the possibility of raising a blister post-mortem, but one which can be distinguished from one of ante-mortem production, in that it contains a reddish serum very slightly albuminous he urgesextreme care in deciding this question christison712 found it impossible to produce a blister a few hoursafter death in a patient unconscious from narcotic poison, heatapplied four hours before death produced a blister and a red line wasformed around the burns in the burns produced half an hour afterdeath, in the same patient, blisters formed in two places only, andthese were covered by dry skin and contained air no redness appearedaround them champouillon713 agrees with leuret in his conclusions, fromexperiments upon dropsical subjects kosack714 considers blisters with albuminous contents diagnostic ofburns during life, but states the necessity for care in deciding in theabsence of other signs of reaction wright715 was able to produce blisters three and a half hoursafter death containing a small quantity of pale serum on the samebody, similar experiments fifteen hours after death produced blisterscontaining no serum caspar716 states, as a result of experiments, that blisters may beproduced by flame after death.

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And branchesrising from thence, which have likewise other small branches, each ofthem having several bluish round prickly heads, with thesis small jaggedprickly leaves under them, standing like a star, and essaytimes foundgreenish or whitish. The root grows wonderfully long, even to eight orten feet in length, set with rings and circles towards the upper writing, cut smooth and without joints down lower, brownish on the outside, andvery white within, with a pith in the middle. Of a pleasant taste, butmuch more, being artificially preserved, and candied with sugar place it is found about the sea coast in almost every county ofthis land which borders upon the sea time it flowers in the end of summer, and gives ripe seed within amonth after government and virtues the plant is venereal, and breeds seedexceedingly, and strengthens the spirit procreative. It is hot andmoist, and under the celestial balance the decoction of the roothereof in wine, is very effectual to open obstructions of the spleenand liver, and helps yellow jaundice, dropsy, pains of the loins, andwind cholic, provokes urine, and expels the stone, procures womencourses the continued use of the decoction for fifteen days, takenfasting, and next to bedward, doth help the stranguary, the difficultyand stoppage of urine, and the stone, as well as all defects of thereins and kidneys. And if the said drink be continued longer, it issaid that it cures the stone. It is found good against the frenchpox the roots bruised and applied outwardly, help the kernels ofthe throat, commonly called the king evil. Or taking inwardly, andapplied to the place stung or bitten by any serpent, heal it speedily if the roots be bruised, and boiled in old hog grease, or saltedlard, and broken bones, thorns &c remaining in the flesh, they donot only draw them forth, but heal up the place again, gathering newflesh where it was consumed the juice of the leaves dropped into theear, helps imposthumes therein the distilled water of the whole herb, when the leaves and stalks are young, is profitable drank for all thepurposes aforesaid. And helps the melancholy of the heart, and isavailable in quartan and quotidian agues. As also for them that havetheir necks drawn awry, and cannot turn them without turning theirwhole body eyebright descript common eyebright is a small low herb, rising up usuallybut with one blackish green stalk a span high, or not much more, spread from the bottom into sundry branches, whereon are small andalmost round yet pointed dark green leaves, finely snipped about theedges, two always set together, and very thick. At the joints with theleaves, from the middle upward, come forth small white flowers, markedwith purple and yellow spots, or stripes.