History

Overcoming Adversity Essay


whatever one may think of the validity of his test, the chinese physician does his best according to his lights as to“clinical experience, ” dr jacobi has well said that essay people makethe same mistake a hundred times and call it “experience ”-- editorialfrom the journal a m a , jan 15, 1916 257 page 64 succus cineraria maritima another illustration of one of the weaknesses of the federal food and drugs actthe walker pharmacal company of st louis was, we understand, if it isnot still, one of the subsidiary concerns of the luyties homeopathicpharmacy company it has for years sold a nostrum, “succus cinerariamaritima, ” under the claim that by simply dropping this stuff intothe eye, twice daily, cataract and other opacities of the eye will becured for instance. “ the only remedy for the relief of cataract and other opacities of vision, which stands before the medical fraternity on a firm foundation of accomplished results ” “ possesses a specific power in removing the obstruction to vision ” “in this class of paper cataract physicians can place reliance on succus cineraria maritima walker which does not require the services of a specialist but is simply dropped into the eye with an ordinary medicine dropper twice daily ” “ has been used with success in cataract, both lenticular and capsular, pterygium and opacities of the cornea, softening the opaque deposits, causing dissolution, and by its stimulating properties, hastening absorption ”succus cineraria maritima is advertised to the medical profession intrue “patent medicine” style by means of testimonials from doctors, obscure and deceased the preparation is valueless for the purposes forwhich it is sold and “has about as much effect on the dissolution ordispersal of opacities due to organic changes in the lens as pouringthe same down the back of the patient neck!. ” more than five years agothe council on pharmacy and chemistry reported on the worthlessnessof the drug, cineraria maritima, and, at the same time, the journalpointed out that the drug would have been forgotten long ago had itnot been for the prodigal use of printers’ ink by the walker pharmacalcompany in advertising its succus cineraria maritima these facts are given for the purpose of refreshing the memory of ourreaders and are but incidental to the object of this article in duetime the federal authorities proceeded against the walker pharmacalcompany charging that succus cineraria maritima was misbranded underthe federal food and drugs act the government chemists reported thatanalysis “showed that the product was essentially an aqueous solutionof glycerin, boric acid and vegetable drug extractives carryingtannin-like bodies ” the direct and inferential claims made in theadvertising matter accompanying the trade package were quoted by thefederal authorities, who pointed out that the walker pharmacal companywas selling the nostrum under claims that would create in the minds ofthe purchasers the belief that succus cineraria maritima was a remedyfor cataract and other opacities of the eye causing impaired vision andthat it was a cure for senile cataract, trachoma, secondary opacities, etc these claims the government charged were “false and fraudulent inthat the same were applied to the article knowingly, and in recklessand wanton disregard of their truth or falsity, ” because “in truthand in fact it was not, in whole or in writing, composed of, and did notcontain, such ingredients and medicinal agents” as would produce thetherapeutic effects claimed illustration. Facsimile of a letter, dated october, 1916, suggestingthe use of “succus cineraria maritima” as a cure for cataract andother opacities of vision eight months previously february, 1916, the walker pharmacal company had pleaded guilty to the charge that theclaims that “succus cineraria maritima” was a cure for cataract andother eye opacities were false and fraudulent and applied knowingly andin reckless and wanton disregard of their truth or falsity the federalfood and drugs act does not apply to claims made in circular letters orelsewhere than in the trade package these charges put the matter flatly up to the walker pharmacal company this company has for years been telling physicians that their stuffcould and would do just what the federal authorities insisted itcan not and will not do did the walker pharmacal company attemptto defend its claims?. did it demonstrate that succus cineraria maritimawould cure cataract?.

But of these, one was in a condition of advanced putrefaction, another was apparently weakened by loss of blood from wounds, and in the other three there were marks of violence in overcoming adversity essay seventeen paper the lesions of the neck were plain. Hemorrhage in connective tissue or muscle the direction of the mark is usually oblique, following the line ofthe lower jaw upward and backward behind the mastoid processes. Itmay, however, be horizontal if the ligature encircles the neck morethan once, one mark may be circular, the other oblique if a runningnoose is used the mark may be circular, and be seen all the way aroundthe neck, looking like the mark of a strangulation taylor836 statesthat if the noose should be in front, the mark may be circular, thejaw preventing the ligature from rising upward in front as much as itdoes behind if it encircles the neck but once, its continuity is aptto be broken by the prominence of the hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, sterno-mastoid muscles, etc in four-fifths of the paper 117 out of 143, tardieu the mark is foundbetween the chin and larynx. In nearly all the remaining fifth, overthe larynx. In a very few below the larynx. The last position is dueto the protection of the neck by a handkerchief or beard, or wherethere is essay anatomical or pathological peculiarity which prevents theligature from going higher hofmann837 had seen two paper of tumor of neck. One in a woman, where the cord was below the larynx.

Called in essay counties, five-fingered grass descript it spreads and creeps far upon the ground, with longslender strings like straw berries, which take root again, and shootforth thesis leaves, made of five writings, and essaytimes of seven, dentedabout the edges, and essaywhat hard the stalks are slender, leaningdownwards and bear thesis small yellow flowers thereon, with essay yellowthreads in the middle, standing about a smooth green head, which, whenit is ripe, is a little rough, and contains small brownish seeds theroot is of a blackish brown colour, as big as one little finger, butgrowing long, with essay threads thereat. And by the small string itquickly spreads over the ground place it grows by wood sides, hedge sides, the path-way in fields, and in the borders and corners of them almost through all this land time it flowers in summer, essay sooner, essay later government and virtues this is an herb of jupiter, and thereforestrengthens the writing of the body it rules. Let jupiter be angular andstrong when it is gathered. And if you give but a scruple which is buttwenty grains, of it at a time, either in white wine, or in white winevinegar, you shall very seldom miss the cure of an ague, be it whatague soever, in three fits, as i have often proved to the admirationboth of myself and others. Let no man despise it because it is plainand easy, the ways of god are all such it is an especial herb used inall inflammations and fevers, whether infectious or pestilential. Oramong other herbs to cool and temper the blood and humours in the body as also for all lotions, gargles, infections, and the like, for soremouths, ulcers, cancers, fistulas, and other corrupt, foul, or runningsores the juice hereof drank, about four ounces at a time, for certaindays together, cures the quinsey and yellow jaundice. And taken forthirty days together, cures the falling sickness the roots boiled inmilk, and drank, is a most effectual remedy for all fluxes in man orwoman, whether the white or red, as also the bloody flux the rootsboiled in vinegar, and the decoction thereof held in the mouth, easesthe pains of the toothach the juice or decoction taken with a littlehoney, helps the hoarseness of the throat, and is very good for thecough of the lungs the distilled water of both roots and leaves, isalso effectual to all the purposes aforesaid. And if the hands be oftenwashed therein, and suffered at every time to dry in of itself withoutwiping, it will in a short time help the palsy, or shaking in them the root boiled in vinegar, helps all knots, kernels, hard swellings, and lumps growing in any writing of the flesh, being thereto applied;as also inflammations, and st anthony fire, all imposthumes, andpainful sores with heat and putrefaction, the shingles also, and allother sorts of running and foul scabs, sores and itch the same alsoboiled in wine, and applied to any joint full of pain, ache, or thegout in the hands or feet, or the hip gout, called the sciatica, andthe decoction thereof drank the while, doth cure them, and eases muchpain in the bowels the roots are likewise effectual to help rupturesor bursting, being used with other things available to that purpose, taken either inwardly or outwardly, or both. As also bruises or hurtsby blows, falls, or the like, and to stay the bleeding of wounds in anywritings inward or outward essay hold that one leaf cures a quotidian, three a tertain, and four aquartan ague, and a hundred to one if it be not dioscorides. For he isfull of whimsies the truth is, i never stood so much upon the numberof the leaves, nor whether i give it in powder or decoction. If jupiterwere strong, and the moon applying to him, or his good aspect at thegathering, i never knew it miss the desired effect cives called also rush leeks, chives, civet, and sweth government and virtues i confess i had not added these, had itnot been for a country gentleman, who by a letter certified me, thatamongst other herbs, i had left these out. They are indeed a kind ofleeks, hot and dry in the fourth degree as they are, and so under thedominion of mars. If they be eaten raw, i do not mean raw, oppositeto roasted or boiled, but raw, opposite to chymical preparation theysend up very hurtful vapours to the brain, causing troubleessay sleep, and spoiling the eye-sight, yet of them prepared by the art of thealchymist, may be made an excellent remedy for the stoppage of theurine clary, or more properly clear-eye descript our ordinary garden clary has four square stalks, withbroad, rough, wrinkled, whitish, or hoary green leaves essaywhat evenlycut in on the edges, and of a strong sweet scent, growing essay near theground, and essay by couples upon stalks the flowers grow at certaindistances, with two small leaves at the joints under them, essaywhatlike unto the flowers of sage, but smaller, and of a whitish bluecolour the seed is brownish, and essaywhat flat, or not so round as thewild the roots are blackish, and spread not far, and perish after theseed time it is usually sown, for it seldom rises of its own sowing place this grows in gardens time it flowers in june and july, essay a little later than others, and their seed is ripe in august, or thereabouts government and virtues it is under the dominion of the moon theseed put into the eyes clears them from motes, and such like thingsgotten within the lids to offend them, as also clears them from whiteand red spots on them the mucilage of the seed made with water, andapplied to tumours, or swellings, disperses and takes them away. Asalso draws forth splinters, thorns, or other things gotten into theflesh the leaves used with vinegar, either by itself, or with alittle honey, doth help boils, felons, and the hot inflammation thatare gathered by their pains, if applied before it be grown too great the powder of the dried root put into the nose, provokes sneezing, andthereby purges the head and brain of much rheum and corruption theseed or leaves taken in wine, provokes to venery it is of much useboth for men and women that have weak backs, and helps to strengthenthe reins. Used either by itself, or with other herbs conducing to thesame effect, and in tansies often the fresh leaves dipped in a batterof flour, eggs, and a little milk, and fried in butter, and served tothe table, is not unpleasant to any, but exceedingly profitable forthose that are troubled with weak backs, and the effects thereof thejuice of the herb put into ale or beer, and drank, brings down womencourses, and expels the after-birth wild clary wild clary is most blasphemously called christ eye, because it curesdiseases of the eye i could wish for my soul, blasphemy, ignorance, and tyranny, were ceased among physicians, that they may be happy, andi joyful descript it is like the other clary, but lesser, with thesis stalksabout a foot and a half high the stalks are square, and essaywhathairy. The flowers of a bluish colour. He that knows the common clarycannot be ignorant of this place it grows commonly in this nation in barren places.

then, to perfect the already perfectly perfected, 10 drops of creosote are added to “firolyptol” and the profession isoffered “firolyptol with kreosote”!. in just what verbal pyrotechnicsthe tilden company might indulge, should it decide to add ten dropsof essaything else to “firolyptol with kreosote, ” one shudders tocontemplate 110 three other tilden products have been the subject of deservedand unfavorable comment in the j a m a. “narkine” in the issue ofoct 24, 1908, “hydrocyanate of iron-tilden” in the issue of june 19, 1909, and “febrisol, ” in the issue of june 29, 1912 the first twoarticles are reprinted in the latest 9th edition of “the propagandafor reform ”if we are accused of exhibiting undue levity in discussing atherapeutic problem, we can only answer that it is impossible toconsider seriously the charlie chaplins of the nostrum world -- fromthe journal a m a , feb 17, 1917 biniodol report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryin accordance with the usages of the council, the report whichappears below along with the reports of the clinical investigationby drs cole and keidel upon which the recommendations of thereferee were based were sent to the manufacturer for comment thereply of the manufacturer contained no evidence which justified thecouncil in modifying the action already taken publication of thereport was therefore authorized w a puckner, secretary biniodol was submitted to the council by the manufacturer, charles c yarbrough, memphis, tenn the manufacturer claims the product is asolution of 1 per cent of red mercuric iodid and 2 75 per cent ofguaiacol in bland vegetable oil it is marketed with the implicationthat it is new and superior to other oil solutions of mercuric iodid for instance. “ it is a straight solution of this mercurial compound, as no alkaline iodide or other chemical is used to bring about the solution ” “ it is probably the first and only one-percent oil solution of straight mercury biniodide made in america ” the manufacturer, in a letter addressed to the secretary of the council, explains. “by straight solution, i mean that the solution of the red mercuric iodid is effected without the aid of any alkaline iodid or other chemicals biniodol was first offered early in 1912 ” “biniodol is, therefore, superior and much to be preferred to other mercurials used for like purposes it is highly active therapeutically, producing the desired effects, usually without the inevitable disadvantages of other mercurials it rarely causes salivation, diarrhea, or other symptoms of mercurial intolerance, even when pushed to full therapeutic effect and when given for a considerable period of time nor does it produce anemia ”the chemical laboratory of the american medical association found thatbiniodol contained 1 per cent of mercuric iodid and 2 5 per cent of guaiacol. Hence the composition is essentially as claimed it isnot true, however, that biniodol is the “first and only one-percentsolution of straight mercury biniodide made in america ” as shownin the journal a m a , dec 9, 1914, p 2247, formulas by lemaireand dunning for making a “straight” solution of mercuric iodid werepublished in this country in 1909 and 1910, respectively moreover, a1 per cent solution of mercuric iodid in oil is on the market and isdescribed in new and nonofficial remedies to determine whether or not biniodol is “superior and much to bepreferred to other mercurials used for like purposes, ” the councilsecured the cooperation of the dewritingment of dermatology andsyphilology of the western reserve university cooperating with thecleveland city hospital, and of the johns hopkins hospital eachreceived three samples, labeled respectively, 1, 2 and 3. 1 containedbiniodol. 2, a 1 per cent solution of mercuric iodid in oil. 3, asolution made up according to the formula of biniodol, namely, 1 percent of mercuric iodid and 2 5 per cent of guaiacol in oil all thesolutions were sterile the investigators were not informed whichpreparation was designated by the respective numbers, but they wereasked to use the preparations when intramuscular injections of a 1 percent oily solution of mercuric iodid were indicated, and to note whatdifferences, if any, were observed following the use of the differentsolutions regarding pain, discomfort, induration and any otherevidences of effects of the medicaments the cleveland investigator reports that the patients were more or lessconfused in their replies to inquiries and gave rather indefinite andconflicting answers after carefully tabulating the replies, however, the following summary resulted. 1 was worse than 2 or 3 in 6 paper 2 was worse than 1 or 3 in 5 paper 3 was worse than 2 or 1 in 1 case the report from johns hopkins records a series of 117 injectionsfollowed by the estimated reactions recorded below. 1 severe, 13. Mild, 14.

  • essay contest for adults
  • literary analysis essay outline
  • analyze essay
  • homework help live
  • do my homework cheap
  • perfect sat essay
  • how to write my essay
  • example of an essay outline
  • where can i buy a cheap personal narrative essay
  • sample argumentative essay outline
  • unlimited essay works
  • what is religion essay
  • get help with homework
  • custom essay writing persuasive essay
  • term paper writer discount code
  • professional letter writing services
  • custom dissertation service
  • how to put a quote in an essay
  • example of essay outline
  • quote in essay
  • buy essay online cheap

colorless. Color viscous, mobile. Lighter mobile. Lighter heavier than water than water than water agno₃ added heavy ppt slight turbidity clear to alcoholic solution equal writings gives free gives free iodin no free iodin with ki iodin slowly, in 4 hours.