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280 jan 27 1912 long after the death of dr cyrus edson, the claim was made thatphenalgin was made under his direction and that it was his “discovery ”as a matter of fact, dr edson had favored the use of ammonol at onetime, and when the council exposed the false claims then being madefor phenalgin, the journal charged that a fraud was being perpetratedon the medical profession despite the exposure of the methods used inexploiting ammonol and phenalgin, one finds just as glaringly falsestatements order an essay made in the advertisements of phenalgin today as weremade in its unsavory past this would seem to indicate either thatphysicians have short memories or that they are strangely indifferentto the welfare of their patients, to their own reputations and to thegood name of medicine the new york medical journal of dec 22, 1917, contained anadvertisement of phenalgin-- it has been running for months-- from whichthe following is quoted. “for the relief of pain the ‘logical supplanter of opium and other habit-forming drugs’ is phenalgin no matter how severe or where located pain is promptly and satisfactorily controlled by this effective anodyne-- and without disturbing the digestion, suppressing the secretions, causing constipation or inducing a drug habit “this is why phenalgin has superseded opium and its derivatives for relieving headaches, rheumatism, gout, la grippe, lumbago, neuralgia, disorders of the female, dysmenorrhea, and painful conditions generally to thousands of physicians phenalgin ‘is the one dependable analgesic-- the logical supplanter of opium ’”if we are to suppose that the composition of phenalgin is todayessentially the same as when it was examined, the claims just quotedare obviously false for, of course, such a mixture must have theproperties of acetanilid with all of its drawbacks and limitations we may contrast the statements made in the advertisement just quotedwith those made in bulletin 126 of the bureau of chemistry of theu s dewritingment of agriculture this bulletin on “the harmfuleffects of acetanilid, antipyrin and phenacetin” summarizes thereplies received from 400 physicians to whom a questionnaire had beensent the information thus gained was tabulated and the figures thatfollow are from these tables there were reported no fewer than 614paper of poisoning by acetanilid with 16 deaths and 112 paper of itshabitual use the larger number of paper of poisoning followed theadministration of the drug, by physicians, in doses larger than thosenow regarded as fairly safe this large number reported by only 400physicians indicated an excessively large number in the whole country since the questionnaire was sent to nearly a thousand physicians, ofwhom about 500 failed to reply, it may be assumed that had it been sentto the entire 130, 000 physicians in the country, at least 75, 000 paperof poisoning would have been reported prior to the passage of the federal food and drugs act the “purefood law” thesis nostrum makers had declared that their preparationscontained no acetanilid when that law went into effect, essay of thesemanufacturers triumphantly pointed to the fact that they were stillable to make the same claim without conflicting with the requirementsof the law this was accomplished in fact by changing the formula andsubstituting acetphenetidin phenacetin for the acetanilid whileacetphenetidin is essaywhat less toxic than acetanilid, bulk for bulk, the toxicity and therapeutic activity of the two drugs are nearlyproportional the claim made by thesis proprietary medicine manufacturers that they are“strictly ethical” because they advertise only to physicians is mereverbal camouflage there may be no more certain way of insuring thecontinued use of a nostrum by the public than to have it prescribed byphysicians. And none know this better than the makers of nostrums aproprietary individuality is obtained by giving essay special form tothe tablets and package or a special coloring to the capsules “specify‘phenalgin pink top capsules’” so as to indicate the identity of theproducts in such a way that the patient may in the future procure themwithout the advice or warning of the physician when a proprietarypreparation with the name or initials stamped on it or attached toit is prescribed, the patient immediately is aware of the fact, andhis respect for the physician intelligence and wisdom is naturallylessened the physician should never place such dangerous drugs as acetanilid andacetphenetidin, or ready made mixtures of them, in the hands of thepatient in such a way that they can be employed without his supervisionor control he should never prescribe more than is needed at the timeand should not form the habit of using fixed doses or combinationsof drugs without a special reference to the writingicular needs of theindividual certain forms of headache yield more readily to a mixture of caffeinand acetanilid or caffein and acetphenetidin than to either acetanilidor acetphenetidin alone when the physician wishes to prescribe sucha mixture he may combine 1 grain of caffein or 2 grains of citratedcaffein with 3 grains of acetanilid or 4 grains of acetphenetidin ina powder or capsule under supervision such a dose may be repeatedat intervals of from two to four hours if necessary to control pain it is necessary to remember, however, that when small doses fail togive relief, increase in the dose is useless this fact is especiallyimportant, and disregard or ignorance of it has been responsible forthesis paper of poisoning further, it should be remembered that while itwas taught for thesis years that the admixture of caffein with acetanilidlessened the effect of the latter drug on the heart, hale has shownthat this is not the case and such mixtures must be used with specialcaution -- from the journal a m a , feb 2, 1918 article vi fellows’ syrup, and other preparations of the hypophosphiteswe hope that it is clear to those who have read the several articlesof this series that their purpose is to present evidence that willenable the reader to form a correct estimate of the literatureemployed in the exploitation of various nostrums the distinctionbetween mere assertion-- however plausible, and from however eminentan authority-- and evidence should again be emphasized satisfactoryevidence rests on careful observation by those who are capable ofaccurately determining to what extent any changes that may be observedare due to the therapeutic agent employed and not mere accompanimentsof such treatment when the council on pharmacy and chemistry was organized in 1905, the greater writing of the literature of the nostrums was so palpablymisleading, the statements often so ludicrously false, that it was onlynecessary to call attention to this fact to have those claims collapse as a result of the council work, the exploiters of worthless nostrumshave developed a greater degree of shrewdness in avoiding the easilyexploded falsehoods this has made it increasingly difficult to pointout the exact statements on which thesis of the false claims now rest, even though the exploitation as a whole is as inherently dishonest asbefore if a nostrum is worthless, any exploitation must be false andmisleading in effect, even though not one single false direct statementis made a platitude may be given an appearance of importance if uttered in animpressive manner, and it may be employed to suggest far more than itcategorically affirms these two facts are appreciated by thesis nostrumexploiters and we find that they have adopted the impressive manner tosecure attention, and the platitude to suggest far more than they coulddefend in direct statement thus we have the “lie with circumstance ” fellows’ syrupa full page advertisement, which has been appearing regularly forabout a year and which must represent a good deal of money, is used togive an appearance of importance to a few words which, if printed inordinary type, would either pass wholly unnoticed or would lead one toassume that essaything essential to the full meaning had been omitted the statement, in full reads. “fellows’ syrup differs from other preparations of the hypophosphites leading clinicians in all writings of the world have long recognized this important fact have you?. to insure results, prescribe the genuine ℞ syr hypophos comp fellows’ reject cheap and inefficient substitutes reject preparations ‘just as good ’”the only direct statement contained in the advertisement is to theeffect that thesis clinicians have observed that fellows’ syrup and otherpreparations of the hypophosphites are not alike in truth, fellows’is not like the better preparations of this type, since after standingit contains a muddy looking deposit that any pharmaceutical tyro wouldbe ashamed of technically, then, the statement is true, but it ishardly credible that the manufacturer is paying for an entire page in amedical journal to make this statement without any attempt to suggestessaything else the advertising pages of six medical journals were examined in theorder in which they chanced to come to hand in five of these, theentire advertisement of fellows’ syrup was in the words just quoted;not a single word more in one there was the further statement.

Being drank with a dram of the powder of theseeds of bark or the roots of wall-wort, and a little cinnamon, forcertain days together, it is held a singular remedy for the dropsy the juice of the herb, or the distilled water, dropped into the eyes, is a certain remedy for all heat, inflammation, and redness in them the juice or water put into foul ulcers, whether they be cancerous orfistulous, with tents rolled therein, or writings washed and injectedtherewith, cleanses them thoroughly from the bottom, and heals them upsafely the same juice or water also cleanses the skin wonderfully ofall sorts of deformity, as leprosy, morphew, scurf, wheals, pimples, or spots, applied of itself, or used with essay powder of lupines flea-wort descript ordinary flea-wort rises up with a stalk two feet high ormore, full of joints and branches on every side up to the top, and atevery joint two small, long and narrow whitish green leaves essaywhathairy at the top of every branch stand divers small, short scaly, orchaffy heads out of which come forth small whitish yellow threads, liketo those of the order an essay plantain herbs, which are the bloomings of flowers theseed enclosed in these heads is small and shining while it is fresh, very like unto fleas both for colour and bigness, but turning blackwhen it grows old the root is not long, but white, hard and woody, perishing every year, and rising again of its own seed for diversyears, if it be suffered to shed. The whole plant is essaywhat whitishand hairy, smelling essaywhat like rosin there is another sort hereof, differing not from the former in themanner of growing, but only that the stalk and branches being essaywhatgreater, do a little more bow down to the ground. The leaves areessaywhat greater, the heads essaywhat less, the seed alike. And the rootand leaves abide all winter, and perish not as the former place the first grows only in gardens, the second plentifully infields that are near the sea time they flower in july or thereabouts government and virtues the herb is cold, and dry, and saturnine i suppose it obtained the name of flea-wort, because the seeds areso like fleas the seeds fried, and taken, stays the flux or lask ofthe belly, and the corrosions that come by reason of hot choleric, orsharp and malignant humours, or by too much purging of any violentmedicine, as scammony, or the like the mucilage of the seed madewith rose-water, and a little sugar-candy put thereto, is very good inall hot agues and burning fevers, and other inflammations, to cool thethirst, and lenify the dryness and roughness of the tongue and throat it helps also hoarseness of the voice, and diseases of the breastand lungs, caused by heat, or sharp salt humours, and the pleurisyalso the mucilage of the seed made with plantain water, whereuntothe yoke of an egg or two, and a little populeon are put, is a mostsafe and sure remedy to ease the sharpness, pricking, and pains of thehæmorrhoids or piles, if it be laid on a cloth, and bound thereto ithelps all inflammations in any writing of the body, and the pains thatcome thereby, as the headache and megrims, and all hot imposthumes, swellings, or breaking out of the skin, as blains, wheals, pushes, purples, and the like, as also the joints of those that are out ofjoint, the pains of the gout and sciatica, the burstings of youngchildren, and the swellings of the navel, applied with oil of rosesand vinegar it is also good to heal the nipples and sore breasts ofwomen, being often applied thereunto the juice of the herb with alittle honey put into the ears helps the running of them, and the wormsbreeding in them. The same also mixed with hog grease, and applied tocorrupt and filthy ulcers, cleanses them and heals them flux-weed descript it rises up with a round upright hard stalk, four or fivefeet high, spread into sundry branches, whereon grow thesis greyish greenleaves, very finely cut and severed into a number of short and almostround writings the flowers are very small and yellow, growing spikefashion, after which come small long pods, with small yellowish seed inthem the root is long and woody, perishing every year there is another sort, differing in nothing, save only it has essaywhatbroad leaves. They have a strong evil saviour, being smelled unto, andare of a drying taste place they flower wild in the fields by hedge-sides and highways, and among rubbish and other places time they flower and seed quickly after, namely in june and july government and virtues this herb is saturnine also both the herband seed of flux-weed is of excellent use to stay the flux or lask ofthe belly, being drank in water wherein gads of steel heated have beenoften quenched. And is no less effectual for the same purpose thanplantain or comfrey, and to restrain any other flux of blood in man orwoman, as also to consoladate bones broken or out of joint the juicethereof drank in wine, or the decoction of the herb drank, doth killthe worms in the stomach or belly, or the worms that grow in putridand filthy ulcers, and made into a salve doth quickly heal all oldsores, how foul or malignant soever they be the distilled water ofthe herb works the same effect, although essaywhat weaker, yet it is afair medicine, and more acceptable to be taken it is called flux-weedbecause it cures the flux, and for its uniting broken bones, &c paracelsus extols it to the skies it is fitting that syrup, ointment, and plaisters of it were kept in your house flower-de-luce it is so well known, being nourished up in most gardens, that i shallnot need to spent time in writing a description thereof time the flaggy kinds thereof have the most physical uses. Thedwarf kinds thereof flowers in april, the greater sorts in may government and virtues the herb is luner the juice or decoctionof the green root of the flaggy kind of flower-de-luce, with a littlehoney drank, doth purge and cleanse the stomach of gross and toughphlegm, and choler therein. It helps the jaundice and the dropsy, evacuating those humours both upwards and downwards. And because itessaywhat hurts the stomach, is not to be taken without honey andspikenard the same being drank, doth ease the pains and torments ofthe belly and sides, the shaking of agues, the diseases of the liverand spleen, the worms of the belly, the stone in the reins, convulsionsand cramps that come of old humours. It also helps those whose seedpasses from them unawares. It is a remedy against the bitings andstingings of venomous creatures, being boiled in water and vinegar anddrank boiled in water and drank, it provokes urine, helps the cholic, brings down women courses.

“vitamines compressed tekarkin brand;” “theyhave a meaty taste ”the medical profession, naturally, is interested in knowing more aboutthe physician who admits that he has discovered the cause and cure ofcancer according to our records, edward percy robinson was born in1871 and was graduated in 1897 by bellevue hospital medical college hewas licensed in new york state the same year and has practiced in newyork city continuously since that time order an essay he is not, and apparently neverhas been, a member of his local medical society in 1914 robinson was specializing in “facial contouring ” one piece ofadvertising purports to be the reprint of an interview with “dr e p robinson, specialist, as he sat in his office at 116 west 39th street, having questions fired at him by the reporter ” thus dr robinson. “there are physicians everywhere who abandon the general, or family, practice of medicine, to devote their life to essay specialty my specialty is the improvement of the facial features and the beautifying of the shoulders, neck and arms i round out hollow cheeks, build up the neck, eradicate wrinkles, make irregular noses perfect and remove defects by a process which is my own secret i claim no superhuman power or ability. I have simply bent my whole professional study and energy to the one line of remodeling-- so to speak-- the human features, and i employ only scientific methods and aids in my operations ”in another piece of advertising, a little booklet bearing edward percyrobinson name, we find the following. “this is what i accomplish “remove all wrinkles and traces of age from the forehead, or about the eyes and mouth lift sag from cheeks and chin “round out hollow cheeks “remove depressions and defects from the chin “build up the neck and shoulders “build up and enlarge the bust “round out and give symmetry to unshapely arms and remove the lines of age from the hands “correct thesis of the defects not mentioned here, but which may be possessed by exceptional paper ”illustration. Reproduction reduced of essay advertising matterissued in 1914 when edward percy robinson was specializing in “facialcontouring ”still another advertising leaflet purports to be a reprint of an“editorial” from the mercantile and financial times of march11, 1914 it is a pretentious puff of robinson, telling about his“scientific attainments” and his marvelous secret preparations usedin “youthifying the face ” the mercantile and financial times isan utterly discredited sheet run for the purpose of selling whatappear to be editorial comments such “editorial” puffs are paid forthrough the purchase of a certain number of copies of the paper bythe writingy who desires the publicity the associated advertising clubsof the world exposed this publication in a special bulletin issuedin june, 1919, and described it as an “example of publications thatserve as convenient tools of fake promoters ” in 1911 the mercantileand financial times published an “editorial” endorsement of theconsumption cure “nature creation ” it has done the same for a fakishdevice known as the “ideal sight restorer ” it published a puff on the“oxypathor, ” a swindle so preposterous that the exploitation of this“gaspipe” fake was debarred from the u s mails and its exploiter wassent to the federal penitentiary illustration. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - | the jean downs co , | | new york | | | | my dear mrs downs, | | | | the package of your “get slim” remedy for obesity has | | been given to a patient of mine with beneficial results | | | | in observing the action of the remedy i noted no laxative | | effect on the bowels, or any disturbance of the stomach | | | | in fact there were no physical sensations that any | | remedy had been taken, and there was a very satisfactory | | reduction in weight | | | | “get slim” remedy, being a purely vegetable combination | | is not fraught with any risk to the individual health, | | and may be safely given | | | | i would not hesitate to prescribe it for a child | | suffering from obesity | | | | this statement is based on the fact that i am acquainted | | with the ingredients entering into its manufacture | | | | i would add that this remedy for obesity might be intro- | | duced to the regular physicians with essay advantage to | | you | | | | yours truly, | | e p robinson m d | | 1402 broadway | -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - reproduction reduced of a testimonial for an obesity cure fake, “get slim ” the a m a chemists reported that this “vegetable combination” consisted of baking soda and pink-tinted tartaric acid and sugar we also find in our files a testimonial signed e p robinson, m d , 1402 broadway edward percy robinson address in 1912, extollingthe virtues of a foolish piece of quackery, the obesity cure “getslim ” this nostrum was exposed in the journal essay years ago andwas also exposed by dr wiley in good housekeeping the “get slim”concern sued good housekeeping for libel but a jury decided thatgood housekeeping had told the truth in the “get slim” testimonialrobinson is quoted as saying that he is “acquainted with theingredients entering into its manufacture” and he describes it, as didthe “get slim” concern, as “a purely vegetable combination ” the factis the association chemists found this “purely vegetable combination”to consist of sugar and tartaric acid, each colored pink, and bakingsoda and this is the gentleman who claims to have discovered the cause of, and offers for sale a cure for, one of the most baffling scourges knownto modern medicine-- cancer except for the articles that have beenpublished during the past three years in the medical record, we areunable to find anywhere in representative medical literature anythingto indicate that edward percy robinson can lay any claim to specialknowledge of, or skill in the treatment of, cancer what we do find areadvertisements describing edward percy robinson alleged abilitiesas a “face beautifier, ” puffs from utterly uncritical or discreditedsources and a testimonial to the value of a preposterous “fat cure”fake with the best brains of the world at work on the problem of cancer, itis reasonable to assume that any man who has found out even a littlemore than has previously been discovered or is able to accomplisheven a little better results than the average in the treatment of thisdreaded disease, would be well known to scientific medicine * * * * *after this article was in type physicians began sending in no 3 april, 1921 of therapeutic leaves this is still another reprintof nos 1 and 2, with minor changes in the first two, tekarkin isdescribed as “a solution of potassium nitrate of special strength;” inno 3 it becomes “a special solution containing potassium nitrate ”in nos 1 and 2, robinson described an alleged case of “cancer of therectum treated with tekarkin ” in no 3 this becomes “medicinaltreatment cures cancer of the rectum ” in no 3 the names of theeditors, assistant editor and general manager are eliminated illustrationthe inside back cover of no 3 contains an advertisement of tekarkin, in which physicians are warned that “cancer of the lung may presentdiagnostic signs of tuberculosis ” it contains the further startlinginformation that the writingicular micro-organism responsible forpulmonary tuberculosis is the klebs-loeffler bacillus!. thus. “the klebs-loeffler bacillus may find a suitable habitat in a malignant area of lung tissue and thrive therein the presence of the bacillus does not necessarily exclude the presence of cancer a chronic cough with blood-streaked sputum may be the result of tuberculosis and cancer ”-- from the journal a m a , may 28, 1921 tyree antiseptic powder again the “ethical and commercial requirements” of the drug business“i am fond of the retail drug business and follow it every day ofmy life i know and observe to the fullest extent its ethical andcommercial requirements ” this from a circular letter recently receivedby physicians, and signed j s tyree, who asks that he be forgiven forwriting you personally, but there are several reasons why he thinksthe circumstances warrant it all of which is preliminary to callingattention to an enclosure, which accompanies the circular letter, andis described as a “short memorandum” submitted for “your consideration ”the “memorandum” is a four-page leaflet of which three pages aredevoted to “tyree antiseptic powder ” one of these three pagesis a reproduction of a letter on the stationery of the surgeongeneral office of the war dewritingment, and signed “w m gray, m d , microscopist, army medical museum. Pathologist to providencehospital ” the letter describes a series of “bacteriological andcomparative tests” made by dr gray with tyree antiseptic powder the entire second page of the circular is given over to the results ofthese bacteriologic tests which compare various strengths of tyreeantiseptic powder with “mercuric bichlorid, ” phenol and formaldehyde the physicians who received this advertising material in april, 1919, might easily overlook the fact that dr gray has been dead severalyears, that the letter which is reproduced is dated jan 3, 1890, andthat the bacteriologic tests were made in 1889-- thirty years ago!. The council on pharmacy and chemistry in 1906258 published theresults of an analysis of tyree antiseptic powder which showed thatalthough the stuff was advertised as a mixture of borax and alum, itwas in fact essentially a mixture of zinc sulphate and boric acid thepublication of the council report in 1906, showing the falsity of theformula, brought out the admission that the composition had recentlybeen changed certain it is, however, that for at least a decade past, the tyree product has been a zinc sulphate-boric acid preparation yet, according to the manufacturer own statement, tyree antisepticpowder in 1889, when dr gray made his bacteriologic tests, was anentirely different substance from the present mixture 258 at this time tyree antiseptic powder was an “ethicalproprietary”-- heaven save the mark!. -- and advertised only to physicians later, as the journal has shown, it entered the “patent medicine”field as “ideal for douche” and the “best preventative known ” thearticles on this nostrum are reprinted in the ninth edition of “thepropaganda for reform ”here then we have a manufacturer publishing in 1919, in behalf ofa certain product, tests that were made in 1889 with a product ofdifferent composition, although of the same name!.

And remedies what evils mars inflicts the bodyof man with, by sympathy, as vipers’ flesh attracts poison, andthe loadstone iron it kills the worms, helps the gout, cramp, andconvulsions, provokes urine, and helps all joint-aches it helps allcold griefs of the head, the vertigo, falling-sickness, the lethargy, the wind cholic, obstructions of the liver and spleen, stone in thekidneys and bladder it provokes the terms, expels the dead birth:it is excellent good for the griefs of the sinews, itch, stone, andtooth-ache, the biting of mad dogs and venomous beasts, and purgescholer very gently alkanet besides the common name, it is called orchanet, and spanish bugloss, and by apothecaries, enchusa descript of the thesis sorts of this herb, there is but one known togrow commonly in this nation. Of which one take this description. Ithath a great and thick root, of a reddish colour, long, narrow, hairyleaves, green like the leaves of bugloss, which lie very thick upon theground. The stalks rise up compassed round about, thick with leaves, which are less and narrower than the former. They are tender, andslender, the flowers are hollow, small, and of a reddish colour place it grows in kent near rochester, and in thesis places in thewest country, both in devonshire and cornwall time they flower in july and the beginning of august, and theseed is ripe soon after, but the root is in its prime, as carrots andparsnips are, before the herb runs up to stalk government and virtues it is an herb under the dominion of venus, and indeed one of her darlings, though essaywhat hard to come by ithelps old ulcers, hot inflammations, burnings by common fire, and st anthony fire, by antipathy to mars.

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Wellthen, we will take it for a general water for all physick aqua caponis or capon water college take a capon the guts being pulled out, cut in pieces, thefat being taken away, boiled in a sufficient quantity of spring-waterin a close vessel, take of this broth three pounds borrage andviolet-water, of each a pound and a half, white wine one pound, redrose leaves two drams and an half, the order an essay flowers of borrage, violets andbugloss, of each one dram, pieces of bread, hot out of the oven, halfa pound, cinnamon bruised, half an ounce, distil it in a glass stillaccording to art culpeper the simples are most of them appropriated to the heart, and in truth the composition greatly nourishes and strengthens suchas are in consumptions, and restores lost strength, either by feversor other sickness. It is a sovereign remedy for hectic fevers, andmarasmos, which is nothing else but a consumption coming from them letsuch as are subject to these diseases, hold it for a jewel aqua limacum magistr or water of snails college take of the juice of ground ivy, colt-foot, scabious, lungwort, of each one pound and a half, the juice of purslain, plantain, ambrosia, paul bettony, of each a pound, hog blood, whitewine, of each four pounds, garden snails, two pound, dried tobaccoleaves eight, powder of liquorice two ounces, of elecampane half anounce, of orris an ounce, cotton seeds an ounce and a half, the greatercold seeds, annis seeds of each six drams, saffron one dram, theflowers of red roses, six pugils, of violets and borrage, of each fourpugils, steep them three days warm, and then distil them in a glassstill, in sand culpeper it purges the lungs of flegm and helps consumptions there if you should happen to live where no better nor readier medicine canbe gotten, you may use this aqua scordii composita or compound water of scordium college take of the juice of goat rue, sorrel, scordium, citrons, of each one pound, london treacle, half a pound, steep it three days, and distil it in sand culpeper a tasterful taken in the morning, preserves from ill airs aqua mariæ college take of sugar candy a pound, canary wine six ounces, rosewater four ounces. Boil it well into a syrup, and add to it imperialwater two pounds, ambergreese, musk, of each eighteen grains, saffronfifteen grains, yellow sanders infused in imperial water, two drams;make a clear water of it aqua papaveries composita or poppy water compound college take of red poppies four pounds, sprinkle them with whitewine two pounds, then distil them in a common still, let the distilledwater be poured upon fresh flowers and repeated three times. To whichdistilled water add two nutmegs sliced, red poppy flowers a pugil, sugar two ounces, set it in the sun to give it a pleasing sharpness;if the sharpness be more than you would have it, put essay of the samewater to it which was not set in the sun aqua juglandium composita or walnut water compound college take of green walnuts a pound and an half, radish roots onepound, green asarabacca six ounces, radish seeds, six ounces let allof them, being bruised, be steeped in three pounds of white wine forthree days, then distilled in a leaden still till they be dry tinctures tinctura croci or tincture of saffron college take two drams of saffron, eight ounces of treacle water, digest them six days, then strain it culpeper see the virtues of treacle water, and then know that thisstrengthens the heart essaything more, and keeps melancholy vapoursthence by drinking a spoonful of it every morning tinctura castorii or tincture of castoreum college take of castoreum in powder half an ounce, spirit ofcastoreum half a pound, digest them ten days cold, strain it, and keepthe liquor for tincture culpeper a learned invention!. ’tis essaything more prevalent thanthe spirit tinctura fragroram or tincture of strawberries college take of ripe wood-strawberries two pounds, put them ina phial, and put so much small spirits of wine to them, that it mayovertop them the thickness of four fingers, stop the vessel close, andset it in the sun two days, then strain it, and press it but gently;pour this spirit to as thesis fresh strawberries, repeat this six times, at last keep the clear liquor for your use culpeper a fine thing for gentlemen that have nothing else to dowith their money, and it will have a lovely look to please their eyes tinctura scordii or tincture of scordium college take of the leaves of scordium gathered in a dry time, half a pound, digest them in six pounds of small spirits of wine, in avessel well stopped, for three days, press them out gently, and repeatthe infusion three times, and keep the clarified liquor for use so is made tincture of celandine, rest-harrow, and rosa-solis culpeper see the herbs for the virtues, and then take notice thatthese are better for cold stomachs, old bodies tinctura theriacalis vulgo aqua theriacalis ludg per infus or tincture of treacle college take of canary wine often times distilled, vinegar in whichhalf an ounce of rue seeds have been boiled, two pounds choice treacle, the best mithridate, of each half a pound. Mix them and set them in thesun, or heat of a bath, digest them, and keep the water for use tinctura cinnamoni, vulgo, aqua clareta cinnam or tincture of cinnamon college take of bruised cinnamon two ounces, rectified spirits ofwine two pounds, infuse them four days in a large glass stopped withcork and bladder, shake it twice a day, then dissolve half a pound ofsugar candy by itself in two pounds of rose water, mix both liquors, into which hang a nodule containing, ambergris half a scruple, muskfour grains tinctura viridis or a green tincture college take of verdigris, half an ounce, auripigmentum sixdrams, alum three drams, boil them in a pound of white wine till halfbe consumed, adding, after it is cold, the water of red roses, andnightshade, of each six ounces culpeper this was made to cleanse ulcers, but i fancy it not aqua aluminosa magistralis college take of plantain and red rose water, of each a pound, rochalum and sublimatum, of each two drams. Let the alum and sublimatum, being in powder, boil in the waters, in a vessel with a narrow mouthtill half be consumed, when it has stood five days, strain it physical wines vinum absynthitis or wormwood wine college take a handful of dried wormwood, for every gallon ofwine, stop it in a vessel close, and so let it remain in steep. So isprepared wine of rosemary flowers, and eye-bright culpeper it helps cold stomachs, breaks wind, helps the windcholic, strengthens the stomach, kills worms, and helps the greensickness rosemary-flower wine, is made after the same manner it is good againstall cold diseases of the head, consumes flegm, strengthens the gums andteeth eye-bright wine is made after the same manner it wonderfully clearsthe sight being drank, and revives the sight of elderly men. A cup ofit in the morning is worth a pair of spectacles all other wines are prepared in the same manner the best way of taking any of these wines is, to drink a draught ofthem every morning you may, if you find your body old or cold, makewine of any other herb, the virtues of which you desire. And make itand take it in the same manner vinum cerassorum nigrorum or wine of black cherries college take a gallon of black cherries, keep it in a vessel closestopped till it begin to work, then filter it, and an ounce of sugarbeing added to every pound, let pass through hippocrates’ sleeve, andkeep in a vessel close stopped for use vinum helleboratum or helleborated wine college take of white hellebore cut small, four ounces, spanishwine two pounds, steep it in the sun in a phial close stopped, in thedog days, or other hot weather vinum rubellum college take of stibium, in powder, one ounce, cloves sliced twodrams, claret wine two pounds, keep it in a phial close shut vinum benedictum college take of crocus metallorum, in powder, one ounce, mace onedram, spanish wine one pound and an half, steep it vinum antimoniale or antimonial wine college take of regulus of antimony, in powder, four ounces, steepit in three pounds of white wine in a glass well stopped, after thefirst shaking let the regulus settle culpeper these last mentioned are vomits, and vomits are fittingmedicines for but a few, the mouth being ordained to take innourishment, not to cast out excrements, and to regulate a man bodyin vomiting.