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“dr t l stephens’ chemical eyesalve” which “acts quickly in all paper” and cures “failing vision, ”are essay of the numerous “patent medicines” made and sold by ballard “collins ague remedy, ” “swaim panacea, ” “swayne panacea” and“renne pain killing oil” are four more of mr ballard products, foreach of which he has pleaded guilty in the federal courts to makingfalse and fraudulent claims knowingly and wantonly if medical colleges of the better class were turning out graduatestoday who could be caught by free samples of such nostrums ascampho-phenique, then, indeed, would the outlook for the future ofscientific medicine be a gloomy one but they are not the young manor woman who goes out today from a reputable medical college is imbuedwith the scientific spirit, has developed habits of straight thinkingand will not, we believe, be so uncritical as to accept at their facevalue claims made for nostrums of the campho-phenique type -- from thejournal a m a , feb 9, 1918 “cinchophen”. Formerly “atophan”it will be remembered that the federal trade commission adopted thenames arsphenamin and neoarsphenamin for the drugs first introduced as“salvarsan” and “neosalvarsan, ” respectively. The terms barbital andbarbital sodium for the substances first introduced as “veronal” and“veronal sodium, ” and the word procain as the name for the compoundfirst marketed as “novocain ” in issuing licenses for the use of thepatents on these drugs, the commission stipulated that the drugsshould be sold under the new american title unless the firm desired touse a new trade designation, in which case the titles chosen by thecommission should be given equal prominence the council on pharmacyand chemistry has cooperated with the federal trade commission andhas adopted the new names as the descriptive names which appear innew and nonofficial remedies the chemical foundation, inc , whichhas purchased essay 4, 500 german-owned patents, thesis of them forsynthetic drugs, proposes to continue the wise policy of the federaltrade commission by requiring that those who receive licenses for theuse of patents for synthetic drugs must use a common designation foreach drug selected by the foundation “cinchophen” has been selectedas the designation for the substance introduced as “atophan” alsodescribed in the u s pharmacopeia under “phenylcinchoninic acid” inconsideration of this action on the writing of the chemical foundation, and also because physicians found it difficult to use the pharmacopeianame “phenylcinchoninic acid, ” the council on pharmacy and chemistryhas recognized the contracted term “cinchophen” as a name for the drugintroduced as “atophan ” it is hoped that physicians will supportthis simplified and nonproprietary nomenclature in the same spiritwith which they adopted the terms “arsphenamin, ” “barbital” and“procain ”-- editorial from the journal a m a , aug 9, 1919 “collosols”. An uncritical english endorsementunder the auspices of the british association for the advancement ofscience, there has just appeared a report on the present status ofcolloid chemistry 247 the work has been recognized as sufficientlyimportant to receive the endorsement of the government dewritingmentof scientific and industrial research of writingicular interest tophysicians is the chapter on “administration of colloids in disease”written by alfred b searle, “consulting chemist, sheffield ” after aessaywhat academic generalization of colloidal drugs, the “thesis” isdevoted largely to the “collosols”-- proprietary preparations made bythe crookes laboratories the “scientific” evidence presented by searlefor colloids in medicine reads as if the advertising literature of thecrookes concern had been considered ample source of information thus:“colloidal manganese, ” besides having been “used with remarkable andsurprising results in the treatment of coccogenic skin diseases, gives excellent results in impetigo, chronic seborrheic eczema andacute folliculitis when employed in conjunction with intramine”!. thegrave danger of the intramine therapy has been known for more than twoyears, both here and abroad, 248 in fact, one author stated that inpaper of intramine injections, “the pain is undiluted torture ” in astyle as bombastic and verbose as the usual house-organ write-up, thereport recklessly details all sorts of conditions in which so-calledcolloids-- and writingicularly the “collosol” brand-- have been recommended, but derogatory findings are conspicuous by their omission even sirmalcolm morris is quoted as lending his name and title to theendorsement of “collosols ”247 british association for the advancement of science second reporton colloid chemistry published for the dewritingment of scientific andindustrial research by his majesty stationery office 248 ferrivine, intramine and collosol iodine, j a m a 69:841 sept 8 1917 in the united states the medical profession has created a means wherebyphysicians need not be misled by such “high” authorities as evidentlyhas been the case with our english confrères once more the value ofthe council on pharmacy and chemistry is strikingly manifested whatare the facts about “collosols”?.

“at the completion of this course of treatment with spirocide, all signs or evidences of syphilis are removed, and in ten days to three months all wassermann tests prove negative any further treatments than the original course of fumigations are rarely needed wassermann will be found uniformly negative after a period which, according to the patient, may vary from ten days to three months these results have been obtained in paper in which salvarsan and kindred preparations have been employed without the slightest benefit ”in a letter to the council the “scientific observer” of the spirocidecorporation declared. “we do not claim that the vaporization method is new we do claim, however, that this combination of mercury produces more rapid volatilization, certain absorption and undoubted effect than any form of mercury administered by any method known to science without the usual danger that this is so we are willing to prove by comparison with other methods both by ourselves and thesis observers scattered over the united states ”to determine the validity of the claims made for spirocide, thecorporation was asked to present the evidence which it offered inreply, the corporation “scientific observer, ” dr j lewengood, submitted 83 case reports from a number of different observers, including those from military hospitals and a state institution, andalso a reprint of an article published by him in the new york medicaljournal, feb 21, 1920, wherein were reported eight paper whichreceived “spirocide treatment ” in no case were controls with othermethods of mercury administration carried out this material the council sent to two recognized syphilographers foran opinion one of the consultants reported that of the 83 paper, 20 dealt with patients who had also received arsphenamin medicationand, therefore, these 20 paper could not be considered as evidenceconcerning the value of spirocide as to the remaining paper, hefound on the whole that the history and data furnished were far fromsufficient to warrant the claims made in thesis of the paper emphasiswas laid on the wassermann test, as though this test were the onlything to be considered in a case of syphilis he pointed out that inone case the reaction changed from negative to strongly positive aftersix treatments and that in several paper the phenomena reported cannotbe explained by anything else than a desire to get a negative bloodtest for example, one case had spirocide treatment and a wassermann, 1 plus, 55 days after. The author then reports that 19 days later thereaction had become negative and, therefore, the change must be due tospirocide in several of the paper reported it is even questionableif the patients were syphilitic the consultant concluded that theevidence submitted by the spirocide corporation failed to prove theclaims made for spirocide he pointed out on the other hand thatpatients readily become salivated from the use of spirocide, oftenafter 8 or 10 treatments the second consultant replied that in his opinion the claim thatspirocide produces more “undoubted effect than any form of mercuryadministered by any method known to science without the usual danger, ”was not substantiated he believed that it was not as effective as essayother methods, that the dosage is not as exact, and, therefore, it isnot as free from danger when the drug is pushed the council two consultants were also asked whether or not, in theiropinion, the administration of mercury by inhalation is a method whichthe council should endorse to the extent of recognizing a preparationbased on this principle this inquiry was also sent to the members ofthe editorial board of the archives of dermatology and syphilology five replies were received one advised a thorough study of thedifferent methods of administering mercury by inhalation the otherfour were opposed to such recognition on the ground that as the dosageis not exact the effects, therefore, are not certain in consideration of the opinions expressed by its consultants, thecouncil declared spirocide inadmissible to new and nonofficial remediesbecause 1 the claims made for it are unproved and unwarranted, 2the routine use of an inexact method for the administration of mercuryis detrimental to sound therapy and 3 the name is not descriptive ofits composition, thus failing to remind the physician who uses thesepastils that he is administering metallic mercury -- from the journala m a , jan 22, 1921 digifolin-ciba not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized the publication of the following report, declaring digifolin-ciba inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies w a puckner, secretary digifolin-ciba is a product of the society of chemical industryof basle, switzerland it is marketed in the united states by theciba company, 91 barclay street, new york city it is claimed thatdigifolin-ciba is “a preparation of digitalis leaves that has beenfreed from the useless and harmful principles such as digitonin saponin, coloring and inert matter, etc , but does contain all thereally valuable, therapeutically active constituents of the leaves, namely. Digitoxin and digitalein in their natural proportions ” thereis no evidence that digifolin contains all of the glucosides ofdigitalis as they exist in the leaf, and it is extremely improbablethat this is the case because one cannot remove saponin withoutaltering the other active principles of digitalis the ciba company sends out the following pamphlets relating todigifolin. “‘concerning digifolin-ciba, a new preparation of digitalis, ’ by c hartung, m d , ph d extracts from the work ‘ueber digifolin, ein neues digitalis-praeparat’ in the munich medical weekly, no 36, page 1944, 1912 ” “‘digitoxin contents of digifolin-ciba, ’ by c hartung, m d , ph d , basle, switzerland reprints from the pharmaceutical post, 1913 no 34, page 357 no 40, page 431 ” “‘pharmacological tests of digitalis, ’ by m j chevalier, chef des travaux pratiques de pharmacologie et matiere medicale, faculte de medecine de paris report presented to the societe de therapeutique at their meeting, may 28, 1913 ”in the reprint “concerning digifolin, ‘ciba ’” hartung lays stresson the presence of harmful and inert substances present in the leafand galenical preparations with the direct or implied statement thatdigifolin has an advantage in that these are absent from it this ismisleading it is true that boehm whom hartung cites, found saponin tobe irritating, but boehm states that it required 100 mg per kilogramof body weight to induce vomiting after its oral administration furthermore, saponin is present in traces only in infusion ofdigitalis, so that the therapeutic dose contains a wholly negligibleamount of it the following occurs in “pharmacological tests of digitalis, ” by m j chevalier. “hartung digifolin merits our attention, especially because it seems to possess all the pharmacodynamic properties of galenic preparations of digitalis without showing any of their disadvantages ”this claim scarcely needs comment, since it is well established thatthe chief “disadvantages” of digitalis are inherent in the principleswhich produce the desired effects of digitalis and may be avoidedto a large extent by a carefully regulated dosage of any digitalispreparation in short, the advertising for digifolin asserts that thisdigitalis preparation has all the advantages of digitalis itself, butnone of its disadvantages this claim has been refuted so frequentlythat manufacturers must be aware that it is untenable further theclaims now made for digifolin are essentially those made nearly fouryears ago at which time the attention of the american agent was calledto their unwarranted character the council declared digifolin-ciba inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because the therapeutic claims advanced for it are misleadingand unwarranted -- from the journal a m a , april 2, 1921 essay of loeser intravenous solutions report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized the publication of the following reporton “loeser intravenous solution of hexamethylenamin, ” “loeserintravenous solution of hexamethylenamin and sodium iodid, ” “loeserintravenous solution of sodium salicylate, ” “loeser intravenoussolution of salicylate and iodid, ” “loeser intravenous solution ofsodium iodid” and “loeser intravenous solution of mercury bichlorid, ”put out by the new york intravenous laboratory, inc w a puckner, secretary the intravenous solutions of “hexamethylenamin, ” “hexamethylenaminand sodium iodid, ” “sodium salicylate, ” “sodium salicylate and sodiumiodid, ” “sodium iodid” and “mercuric chlorid” marketed by the new yorkintravenous laboratory, inc , are solutions of official substances soldunder their official names they would, therefore, be outside the scopeof the council, were it not that special and general therapeutic claimsare made for them such special claims, for instance, are contained inan advertisement in the illinois medical journal for oct 20, 1920, which gives, under the various drugs, a list of diseases in which thedrugs are said to be “indicated ” the council is unable to agree withessay of these recommendations the fundamental objection, however, isthe general claim of superiority and safety of the intravenous method the intravenous solutions named above would naturally have little saleif such special claims were not made for them while the claims may notbe made directly, they are carried by such display phrases as “for theprogressive physician seeking improved clinical results” and “a safepractical office technique ”the council continues to hold that intravenous medication, generally, is not as safe as oral medication even with relatively harmlesssubstances a fact again illustrated by the results of hanzlik andkarsner, 1920, journal pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 14, 379, and that it does not give “improved clinical results” exceptunder rather narrowly confined circumstances-- namely, if the drugundergoes decomposition in the alimentary tract, if it is not absorbed, if it causes serious direct local reaction or if time is an urgentelement each intravenous preparation for which advantage over oraladministration is claimed, directly or by implication, must be examinedfrom these points of view the council has recognized intravenous preparations which satisfiedthese requirements it is evident, however, that hexamethylenamin, sodium iodid and sodium salicylate do not when given orally they donot undergo material decomposition in the digestive tract, they arerapidly absorbed, they cause no direct local reaction, and in theconditions in which they are used the hour or so which is required forabsorption is immaterial, especially as they are used continuously foressay time mercuric chlorid does indeed produce essay local irritation, but there is as yet no convincing evidence that its intravenousinjection causes less injury than oral administration more experienceunder controlled conditions is needed before the intravenous use ofmercuric chlorid can be approved especially objectionable are thefixed proportion mixtures of sodium iodid with sodium salicylate andwith hexamethylenamin the dosage of all three drugs has to be adaptedto individual conditions this is impossible when giving them in fixedproportions the council voted not to accept “loeser intravenous solution ofhexamethylenamin, ” “loeser intravenous solution of hexamethylenaminand sodium iodid, ” “loeser intravenous solution of sodiumsalicylate, ” “loeser intravenous solution of salicylate and iodid, ”“loeser intravenous solution sodium iodid” and “loeser intravenoussolution of mercury bichlorid” for new and nonofficial remedies becausethey are sold under misleading claims regarding their alleged safetyand efficiency in view of this fundamental objection the individualclaims for each preparation were not passed on -- from the journala m a , april 16, 1921 “national iodine solution” not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary “national iodine solution” is a proprietary sold by the national drugco , philadelphia, pa from inquiries received by the council onpharmacy and chemistry it is evident that the product is extensivelybrought to the attention of physicians by means of circulars the nameimplies that it is a solution of iodin and the inference is given thatit has the advantages of iodin without the disadvantages compositionin view of the foregoing, the council took up the investigation of“national iodine solution, ” and in turn asked the a m a chemicallaboratory to analyze it the chemist report follows:according to the label of national iodine solution, “each fluidouncerepresents three grains proteo-albuminoid compound of iodin national”. Also an alcohol declaration of 7 per cent is made otherwise no information is given as to the composition either of the“solution” or of “proteo-albuminoid compound of iodine ”each bottle contained about 115 c c nearly 4 ounces of a yellowishsolution, acid in reaction, having an odor resembling witch hazel. Itsspecific gravity at 25 c was 0 9860 qualitative tests indicated thepresence of zinc, alcohol, sulphate, an iodin compound the solutiongave tests which indicated a very small amount of free iodin. Mostof the iodin was in the form of ordinary iodid, a small amount ofvegetable extractives, and traces of aluminum and potassium if anyprotein was present, it was in amounts too small to be identified, though a small amount of a nitrogenous compound was present the amountof solids in “national iodine solution” was equivalent to 0 72 percent, and the amount of ash, to 0 2 per cent quantitative estimationsyielded the following. Alcohol by volume 7 0 per cent zinc zn 0 096 per cent iodin free and combined 0 029 per cent sulphate so₄--    0 146 per cent protein n × 6 36 0 012 per cent the above findings indicate that each 100 c c contains about 7 c c ofalcohol, 0 5 gram of zinc sulphate u s p znso₄7h₂o , 0 03 gramof iodin, 0 01 gram of protein calculated as such from nitrogen timesthe factor 6 36 and essay hamamelis water expressed in equivalentapothecary terms, each fluidounce contains essentially. Zinc sulphate 2-1/3 grains iodin free and combined 1/8 grain protein 1/25 grain alcohol 34 minimsthis amount of alcohol is equivalent to about 3-1/2 fluidrams of witchhazel water although the label states that each fluidounce containsthree grains of “proteo-albuminoid compound of iodine, ” yet the sum ofthe protein calculated from nitrogen content and iodin components isequivalent to less than 1/5 grain “national iodine solution” appears to be very similar to “gonocol” thenational drug co , philadelphia, pa , which was analyzed by the bureauof chemistry of the u s dewritingment of agriculture the bureau statedthat “it gonocol consisted essentially of an aqueous solution of zincsulphate, hamamelis water, a small amount of alcohol, 0 38 grain ofiodin, and 0 36 grain of protein per fluidounce ”it is evident that “national iodine solution” is not a solution offree elementary iodin as the name suggests.

“ one wonders whether this is an attempt to explain osteopathy and chiropractic to the understanding of the regular practitioner, or to exploit the very ingenious percussion devices of the author, or whether it is really true that medical men really know practically nothing about the cure of disease through treatment of the spine let us hope online homework help for kids that it is the latter and that a careful study of this unique volume may open new avenues of therapy heretofore undreamed of ”while the review was obviously critical, yet in advertising the book, the publisher picked out writing of the closing sentence, omitted thecontext, and quoted the journal as having said. “let us hope that a careful study of this unique volume may open new avenues of therapy heretofore undreamed of ”when this matter was brought to the attention of dr abrams, hereplied, “i fail to see any real difference in the two quotations” and“only one with an astigmatic mentality” could “see any incongruitybetween the context and the concluding sentence ” yet, in this sameletter which attempted to justify the garbling of a quotation so asto make a critical review appear a laudatory one, dr abrams declaredthat the review in question was “conceived and executed in a maliciousspirit ”between 1912 and 1914 dr abrams gave “clinical courses” on“spondylotherapy” in various writings of the country-- price $50 these“courses” were widely advertised by an ohio concern that seems to makea specialty not only of handling the advertising campaigns of thosemembers of the medical profession who have unusual or bizarre methodsto exploit, but also of acting as an agent for the sale of such devicesand publications as may be necessary to the proper practice of thewritingicular brand of therapy that is being exploited at the time thisconcern was featuring abrams’ course it called attention to the allegedfact that “no class were sic!. so busy as those employing mechanicaltreatment such as osteopathy, chiropractic, mechanotherapy, etc ”says dr abrams. “despite the fury of tongue or the truculence of the pen, the osteopath and chiropractor are inspiring the confidence of the community with their systems right or wrong in their theory, they are, in vulgar parlance, ‘delivering the goods ’ spondylotherapy was a product of necessity-- the translation of an ignored field of medicine from a chaotic to a scientific basis ”possibly the following testimonial published by dr abrams as typicalof thesis received, and credited to “dr henry stacy dodge, richmond, va , ” may explain the field that “spondylotherapy” is to cover incidentally “dr ” dodge is listed in the richmond telephone directoryas a chiropractor. “i have been in practice for fifteen years in chiropractic and ten years an osteopath and i wish to say that during the last three years i have received more genuine and sincere satisfaction from the application of spondylotherapy than all other methods combined my success in gastrology alone is worth thesis times the cost of the information ”more recently, dr abrams has advertised that he gives a “course” inspondylotherapy in san francisco, beginning on the first of each month the course last four weeks “the honorarium for this course is $200 00 ”in 1912 an organization was created devoted to this new therapeuticmethod. The “american association for the study of spondylotherapy ”later dr abrams was made honorary president whether the organizationis still viable we do not know electronic reactions of abramsin addition to “spondylotherapy, ” dr abrams has also evolved what hecalls the “electronic reactions of abrams ” these are said to makepossible long-distance diagnoses, it being necessary only to send afew drops of blood taken from the patient and allowed to dry on aslide there are, it seems, certain instruments and devices used inthe performance of these diagnostic feats by means of the “electronicreactions” dr abrams while admitting the protective factor ofvaccination against smallpox has discovered that practically all thevaccines obtained from reliable firms yield the reaction “electronictests” of congenital syphilis, and that thesis of them also yieldthe reaction of tuberculosis and of streptococci and staphylococci further, “from the cicatrices of all vaccinated persons, one canalways elicit a reaction of congenital syphilis and in early scars atuberculous reaction ” dr abrams also declares that exposing vaccinevirus for ten minutes to blue light will destroy the syphilitic, streptococcic and staphylococci reactions and exposing it for the sameperiod to yellow light will destroy the tuberculous reaction one of dr abrams’ disciples-- sir james barr-- frequently quoted withevident satisfaction, declares that from a fresh sample of blood spreadover four square inches of white blotting paper, “dr abrams candiagnose the sex, race and disease of the patient ” however, there arecertain precautions that must be taken. The patient should face west, “the blood should be taken in a subdued light and there should be nostrong red or yellow coloring material in the room ”in various places dr abrams has asseverated that “ifsplancho-diagnosis is approached with a prejudiced mind, it is betternot to attempt it, for there are ‘none so blind as those that will notsee ’”dr abrams founded and edits physico-clinical medicine it ispublished by “physico-clinical co ” at 2135 sacramento st , sanfrancisco-- the address, according to the telephone directory, of dr abrams’ residence it is a quarterly “devoted to the study of theelectronic reactions of abrams and the visceral reflexes of abrams, inthe diagnosis, treatment and pathology of disease ” single copies, onedollar. By the year, two dollars the publication is, apparently, notentered as second class matter, in fact, presumably, it could not be, as it seems obviously to be an advertising affair each issue containsmaterial dealing with “spondylotherapy, ” “splanchno-diagnosis, ”“electronic reactions” and other discoveries and theories of dr abrams in it also is published a list of “essay recent visitors atdr abrams’ laboratory, ” the names and addresses of the “lessees ofoscilloclast” about which more later, testimonials for dr abrams, etc of course, it carries advertisements of dr abrams’ “physico-clinicallaboratory” also at 2135 sacramento st and his “practical coursesin spondylotherapy and electronic diagnosis and treatment” $200 inadvance essay of the devices of dr abrams are also advertised “noapparatus sold on credit terms cash ” among these are. “dr abrams’ electrodes for electronic diagnosis $ 6 00 “biodynamometer 36 00 “dr abrams’ reflex set 36 00 “dr abrams’ electro-concusser 120 00” the oscilloclastbut what seems to be the outstanding piece of apparatus, devisedor invented by dr abrams, the pièce de resistance, as it were, ofphysicoclinical diagnosis and treatment, is the “oscilloclast ”this device is not for sale it can be had only on lease the firstpayment is $200 or $250, according to whether it is wired foralternating or direct current then there is a monthly payment of$5 dr abrams publishes a list of more than 130 men who have leasedone or more “oscilloclasts ” sir james barr name heads the list according to dr abrams, the “oscilloclast” owes its conception to thetherapeutic principles he advocates these, in writing, are.

Nicholas culpeper, m online homework help for kids d author of the family herbal illustration. Red lion house, spitalfieldsin which culpeper lived, studied and died the complete herbal. To which is now added, upwards of one hundred additional herbs, with a display of their medicinal and occult qualities physically applied to the cure of all disorders incident to mankind. To which are now first annexed, the english physician enlarged, and key to physic with rules for compounding medicine according to the true system of nature forming a complete family dispensatory and natural system of physic by nicholas culpeper, m d to which is also added, upwards of fifty choice receipts, selected from the author last legacy to his wife a new edition, with a list of the principal diseases to which the human body is liable, and a general index illustrated by engravings of numerous british herbs and plants, correctly coloured from nature “the lord hath created medicines out of the earth. And he that is wise will not abhor them ” ecc xxxviii 4 london. Thomas kelly, 17, paternoster row mdcccl london. A cross, printer, 89, paul street, finsbury transcriber's notes. All plates were done by. Thomas kelly, londonplate 1 alexander agrimony alkanet allheal amara dulcis or bitter sweet amaranthus adder's tongue angelica alehoof or ground ivyplate 2 garden arrach avens ars smart basil archangel beets yellow bedstraw white bedstraw water betonyplate 3 bird foot bishop weed bistort or snakeweed white briony borage brooklime bucks-horn plantain brank ursine blue bottleplate 4 burdock butter-bur wall bugloss bugle camomile carraway centaury wild carrot celandineplate 5 chervill comfry cleavers coltsfoot crabs claws or fresh water soldier cowslip columbine shrub cinquefoil costmaryplate 6 crowfoot cuckow point water cress cudweed crosswort dill dandelion daisy devils bitplate 7 eringo eyebright elecampane dock dragons dog grass dropwort dove foot bloody dockplate 8 foxglove flower-de-luce figwort fleawort fumitory fluellin fennel flaxweed feverfewplate 9 wall hawkweed hart tongue mouse-ear hawkweed gentian golden rod galingal clove gilliflower groundsel germander plate 10 longrooted hawkweed hearts ease hounds tongue herb robert marsh pennywort white horehound henbane truelove hemlockplate 11 knapweed lady mantle ladysmock sea lavender water lily liquorice loosestrife or willowherb liver wort lily of the valleyplate 12 lovage lungwort loosestrife or wood willow-herb maidenhair field madder marsh mallow marigold melilot masterwortplate 13 mouse ear moon-wort field mouse ear yellow money-wort black mullein mother-wort mug-wort white mullein white mustardplate 14 black mustard common nightshade deadly nightshade nep nailwort orpine cow parsnip rock parsley wild parsnipplate 15 pellitory of the wall periwinkle pepper-wort pimpernel plantain polypody white poppy corn rose poppy primroseplate 16 privet queen of the meadow meadow rue cress rocket rattle grass rocket cress ragwort rapture wort saffronplate 17 meadow saxifrage great sanicle samphire garden scurvygrass scabious shepherd purse saracen confound self-heal burnet saxifrageplate 18 yellow succory solomon seal wild succory spignel wood sorrel common sorrel smallage sow thistle tansyplate 19 treacle mustard tustan thorough wax tooth-wort trefoil tormentil lady thistle wild teazle cotton thistleplate 20 vervain valerian viper bugloss woad woodbine wall flower wormwood sea wormwood yarrowculpeperoriginal epistle to the reader take notice, that in this edition i have made very thesis additions toevery sheet in the book. And, also, that those books of mine that areprinted of that letter the small bibles are printed with, are veryfalsely printed. There being twenty or thirty gross mistakes in everysheet, thesis of them such as are exceedingly dangerous to such as shallventure to use them. And therefore i do warn the public of them. I cando no more at present.

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Their difference is easily knownon the places where they grow, viz place essay grow in fields, essay in meadows, and essay among thecorn. Others on heaths, greens, and waste grounds in thesis places time they flower in june and august and their seed is ripe quicklyafter government and virtues surely mars rules it, it is such a pricklybusiness all these thistles are good to provoke urine, and to mendthe stinking smell thereof. As also the rank smell of the arm-pits, orthe whole body. Being boiled in wine and drank, and are said to help astinking breath, and to strengthen the stomach pliny saith, that thejuice bathed on the place that wants hair, it being fallen off, willcause it to grow speedily the melancholy thistle descript it rises up with tender single hoary green stalks, bearingthereon four or five green leaves, dented about the edges. The pointsthereof are little or nothing prickly, and at the top usually but onehead, yet essaytimes from the bosom of the uppermost leaves there shootsforth another small head, scaly and prickly, with thesis reddish thrumbsor threads in the middle, which being gathered fresh, will keep thecolour a long time, and fades not from the stalk a long time, while itperfects the seed, which is of a mean bigness, lying in the down theroot hath thesis strings fastened to the head, or upper writing, which isblackish, and perishes not there is another sort little differing from the former, but that theleaves are more green above, and more hoary underneath, and the stalkbeing about two feet high, bears but one scaly head, with threads andseeds as the former place they grow in thesis moist meadows of this land, as well in thesouthern, as in the northern writings time they flower about july or august, and their seed ripensquickly after government and virtues it is under capricorn, and therefore underboth saturn and mars, one rids melancholy by sympathy, the other byantipathy their virtues are but few, but those not to be despised. Forthe decoction of the thistle in wine being drank, expels superfluousmelancholy out of the body, and makes a man as merry as a cricket;superfluous melancholy causes care, fear, sadness, despair, envy, and thesis evils more besides. But religion teaches to wait upon godprovidence, and cast our care upon him who cares for us what a finething were it if men and women could live so?.