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larynx and on each side of middle linewere marks of irregular outline such as might be caused by pressure ofthumb and fingers several dark, bruise-like discolorations on flexorsurface of each forearm hands clinched elbows flexed discharge offæces by rectum necroscopy. Brain and membranes normal hyoid bone andlaryngeal cartilages uninjured mucous membrane of larynx and tracheacongested and covered with frothy mucus lungs intensely congested several hemorrhages. Masses of tissue of each lung, chiefly towardbase, were solidified by effused blood all the heart cavities empty stomach normal, empty no congestion of abdominal viscera 2 taylor. “med jur , ” am ed , 1892, p 412 - man and woman strangled by cord, tied so tightly that there was hemorrhage from mouthand nose 3 harvey. Indian med gaz , december 1st, 1875, p 312 - hindoowoman, age 45 strangled with the right hand necroscopy. Twocontusions and abrasions on temple neck discolored from right to leftjugulars. Marks of thumb on right side and three fingers on left, extending from jugulars to windpipe eyes half protruded tonguediscolored blood-vessels full of clots brain congested ?. and showedexternal hemorrhages ?. lungs normal heart empty liver ruptured tothe extent of four inches, with adherent blood-clot spleen, stomach, and intestines normal muscles of chest, both sides, congested, discolored, and there were clots of blood over and under them firstsix ribs of left side and first three of right fractured 4 harris.

As lapis arabicus online dissertation help glutinate. As galactitis, melites scarify. As morochtus break the stone. As lapis lyncis, lapis judaicus, lapis sponge retain the fruit in the womb. As ætitis, jasper provoke the menses ostracites stones altering by a hidden property as they call it, arebezoar, topaz, lapis colubrinus, toadstone, emerald, alectorius, calcidonius, amethist, saphyr, jasper, lapis nephriticus, lapistibernum, lapis, spongites, the stone found in the maw of a swallow, load-stone, lapis vulturis, merucius, coral, lynturius, jet, ætites, the stones of crabs, amber, crystal, &c the load-stone purges gross humours lapis armenius and lapis lazuli, purge melancholy pyrites heat and cleanse, take away dimness of sight dioscorides lapis asius binds and moderately corrodes and cleanses filthy ulcers, and fills them up with flesh. Being mixed with honey, and applied tothe place, is an admirable remedy for the gout chrystal being beaten into very fine powder, and a dram of it takenat a time helps the bloody-flux, stops the fluor albus, and increasesmilk in nurses mathiolus lapis samius is cooling and binding, it is very comfortable to thestomach, but it dulls the senses, helps fluxes of the eyes and ulcers geodetes binds and drys, being beaten into powder and mixed withwater, and applied to the place, takes away inflammations of thetesticles pumice-stone being beaten into powder and the teeth rubbed with it, cleanses them dioscorides jet, it is of a softening and discussing nature, it resists the fitsof the mother lapis arabicus being beaten into powder, and made into an ointmenthelps the hemorrhoids ostracites, a dram of it taken in powder provokes the menses. Beingtaken after that purgation, causes conception, also being made into anointment, helps inflammations of the breast myexis being borne about one takes away pains in the reins, andhinders the breeding of the stone lapis armenius purges melancholy, and also causes vomiting, i holdit not very safe for our english bodies, and therefore i will speak nomore of it explanation of certain vacuations the five opening roots smallage, sparagus, fennel, parsley, knee-holly the two opening roots fennel, parsley the five emolient herbs marsh-mallows, mallows, beets, mercury, pellitory of the wall, violetleaves the five capillary herbs maidenhair, wall rue, cetrach, hart-tongue, politricum the four cordial flowers borrage, bugloss, roses, violets the four greater hot seeds, carminative, or breaking wind annis, carraway, cummin, fennel the four lesser hot seeds bishop weed, amomus, smallage, carrots the four greater cold seeds citrul, cucumber, gourds, melon the four lesser cold seeds succory, endive, lettice, purslain five fragments of precious stones granite, jacinth, sapphire, sardine, emerald the right worshipful, the college of physicians of london in their new dispensatory give you free leave to distil these common waters that follow, but they never intend you should know what they are good for simple distilled waters of fresh roots ofbriony, onions, elecampane, orris, or flower-de-luce, turnips of flowers and buds ofsouthernwood, both sorts of wormwood, wood sorrel, lady-mantle, marsh-mallows, angelica, pimpernel with purple flowers, smallage, columbines, sparagus, mouse-ear, borrage, shepherd purse, calaminth, woodbine or honey-suckles, carduus benedictus, our lady thistles, knotgrass, succory, dragons, colt-foot, fennel, goat rue, grass, hyssop, lettice, lovage, toad-flax, hops, marjoram, mallows, horehound, featherfew, bawm, mints, horse-mints, water cresses, english tobacco, white poppies, pellatory of the wall, parsley, plantain, purslain, self-heal, pennyroyal, oak leaves, sage, scabious, figwort orthroatwort, house-leek, or sengreen, the greater and lesser mother oftime, nightshade, tansy, tormentil, valerian of flowers oforanges, if you can get them blue-bottle the greater, beans, water-lilies, lavender, nut-tree, cowslips, sloes, rosemary, roseswhite, damask, and red, satyrien, lime-tree, clove-gilliflowers, violets of fruits oforanges, black cherries, pome citrons, quinces, cucumbers, strawberries, winter cherries, lemons, rasberries, unripe walnuts, apples of writings of living creatures and their excrementslobsters, cockles, or snails, hartshorn, bullocks dung made in may, swallows, earthworms, magpies, spawn of frogs * * * * * simple waters distilled, being digested before-hand of the fresh roots of nettles of the leaves of agrimony, wild tansy, or silverweed, mugwort, bettony, marigolds, chamomel, chamepitys, celandine, pilewort, scurvy-grass, comfry the greater, dandelyon, ash-tree leaves, eyebright, fumitory, alehoof, or ground ivy, horsetail, st john wort, yarrow, moneywort, restharrow, solomon seal, res solis, rue, savin, saxifrage, hart tongue, scordium, tamarisk, mullin, vervain, paul bettony, mead-sweet, nettles of the flowers of mayweed, broom, cowslips, butter-bur, peony, elder of the berries of broom, elder culpeper then the college gives you an admonition concerning these, which being converted into your native language, is as follows we give you warning that these common waters be better prepared for time to come, either in common stills, putting good store of ashes underneath, the roots and herbs being dryer, &c or if they be full of juice, by distilling the juice in a convenient bath, that so burning may be avoided, which hitherto hath seldom been but let the other herbs, flowers, or roots, be bruised, and by adding tartar, common salt, or leven be digested, then putting spring water to them, distil them in an alembick with its refrigeratory, or worm, till the change of the taste shew the virtue to be drawn off.

Nonadhering surgical gauze, the journal a m a , march 25, 1916, p 939 183 sollmann, torald. Paraffin-covered bandages, the journala m a , april 21, 1917, p 1178 summary1 “ambrine” is essentially paraffin in which a small amount of fattyand asphalt-like body is incorporated. Like most secret mixtures, itscomposition varies 2 a simple formula for a paraffin film, similar in chemicalcomposition but superior in physical properties to “ambrine, ” is thatdescribed as formula 21 the superiority is due to using a grade ofparaffin that is better adapted to the purpose the cost of materialsis about 10 cents a pound 3 the properties of the paraffin used for a surgical dressing areimportant a number of different grades have been examined, in order todetermine the ones that appear most promising paraffins nos 3, 4, 10, 11 and 25 are the best in the table, and surpass “ambrine” itself 4 it is exceedingly probable that further experience will show thatfor most purposes simple paraffin will serve just as well as themixtures-- if, indeed, not better addenda reprinted from the annual report of the chemical laboratory of theamerican medical association, vol 10 1917, p 32since the foregoing was published, two other products-- “cerelene” and“stanolind surgical wax”-- were submitted to the council on pharmacy andchemistry for investigation as to their acceptability for inclusion innew and nonofficial remedies in this connection the laboratory wasrequested to examine them “cerelene” is manufactured by the holliday laboratories, pittsburgh according to the manufacturers, “cerelene” is a compound composed of84 per cent paraffin, 15 per cent myricyl palmitate and 1 per cent elemi gum as ordinarily marketed, “cerelene” contains the followingmaterials. To the beeswax is added oil of eucalyptus, u s p , 2 percent , and betanaphthol, u s p , 0 25 per cent the manufacturerfurther states that the myricyl palmitate is a purified form ofbeeswax, free from all impurities, acids, etc , which is solelymanufactured by this company and for which patents are pending theproperties described for “cerelene” were as follows. When cold, cerelene is a solid wax-like cake of a fine yellow brown color on exposure to air for long periods, the amber color darkens to essay extent it is entirely free from solids, odorless and tasteless. Does not separate or change when melted repeatedly, and cannot in the melted state be separated by fractional crystallization it is entirely neutral to indicators being perfectly free from both acids and bases tests. Melting point, u s p method, 126 f density, u s p method, 0 907 iodin value, 0 5 saponification number, 0 9 “stanolind surgical wax” is manufactured by the standard oil company ofindiana in the submission of the product to the council on pharmacyand chemistry, it was stated that the product was a specially preparedparaffin “free from dirt or other deleterious matter it hasbeen steamed and resteamed to drive out any free oil and repeatedlyfiltered ”the examination of the foregoing products yielded the figures describedin table “b ”-- from the journal a m a , may 19, 1917 the stability of iodine ointments l e warren, ph c , b s in general, the literature on the keeping qualities of iodine ointment, and on the stability of iodine if mixed with ointment bases, isconfusing the recorded evidence is often contradictory the attentionof the writer was brought to this condition by studies of severalproprietary preparations, iodex, 184 iod-izd-oil, 185 iocamfen, andiocamfen ointment 186184 rep chem lab , a m a , 1915, 8, 89 185 rep chem lab , a m a , 1915, 8, 106 186 rep chem lab , a m a , 1916, 9, 118 iodex was sold under the claim that it is “ an embodiment of vaporized iodine, in an organic base, reduced and standardized at 5 per cent by incorporation with a refined petroleum product ”the exact composition of iodex is a trade secret analysis showed thatit contains petrolatum-like substances and combined iodine, the latterprobably in combination with oleic acid tests for free iodine weremade in five specimens of iodex in one of these no free iodine waspresent. In the others the merest traces were found two years ago a preparation called “iod-izd-oil” was examined this wasclaimed to contain 2 per cent of free iodine in liquid petrolatum at the time of the examination the age of the preparation was notknown, but it had been obtained just prior to the analysis, and wasthought not to be very old the analysis showed that it contained butabout 0 43 per cent of iodine, all of which was in a free state thefact that all of the iodine present was in the free state appearedto indicate that iodine is relatively stable in liquid petrolatumsolutions iocamfen is a liquid composed of iodine, camphor and phenol it wasclaimed to contain 10 per cent of free iodine analysis showed thatit contained 9 3 per cent of total iodine of which 7 5 per cent was present in an uncombined state, 66 1 per cent of camphor and19 7 per cent of phenol after storing for several months a secondassay of iocamfen showed no appreciable loss in iodine content this would indicate that iodine is relatively stable in presenceof phenol and camphor, although immediately after mixing there isessay loss of free iodine the iocamfen ointment was supposed tocontain 50 per cent of iocamfen equivalent to 5 per cent of freeiodine in a lard-wax-cacaobutter base the analysis showed that theointment contained but 0 4 per cent of free iodine, the balancebeing in combination from the results of the examination, and fromcorrespondence with the manufacturers schering and glatz, it becameevident that the only plausible explanation for the loss of free iodinein the preparation of iocamfen ointment from iocamfen lay in thecombination of the free iodine with the ingredients of the ointmentbase it seems likely that the free iodine originally present iniocamfen for the most writing had gradually gone into combination with thefatty substances after the ointment had been prepared the literature was then examined to determine the consensus of opinionconcerning the stability of iodine in iodine ointment in the olderliterature the belief that iodine ointment is unstable appears to bequite general such statements as the following are typical. The ointment should be prepared only when wanted for use, for it undergoes change if kept, losing its deep, orange-brown color, and becoming pale upon its surface 187 187 u s disp , ed 19, p 1315 it is better to prepare it only as it is required for use 188 188 am disp , ed 2, p 2022 this ointment must not be dispensed unless it has recently been prepared 189 189 u s pharmacopeia, ix, p 481 in 1909 lythgoe, 190 of the massachusetts board of health laboratory, reported an examination of four samples of iodine ointment three werefound to be pure, the fourth was low in iodine experiments showedthat iodine ointment deteriorates rapidly. Consequently, no furthercollections of samples were made 190 rep mass bd health, 1909, 41, 477 in 1912 pullen191 reported that he had prepared two specimens ofiodine ointment according to the british pharmacopeia, one beingfrom new lard and the other from a specimen of lard at least 2 yearsold assays for free iodine were carried out immediately after thepreparations were made, and at intervals afterward up to four months the following values were found:191 pharm jour , 1912, 89, 610 sample i sample ii ointment from ointment from new lard, old lard, per cent per cent iodine introduced 4 0 4 0 iodine found immediately after making 3 95 3 38 iodine found after twenty-four hours 3 30 3 15 iodine found on the third day 3 18 2 62 iodine found on the seventh day 3 15 2 46 iodine found on the fourteenth day 3 00 2 45 iodine found after one month 3 00 2 39 iodine found after two months 2 90 2 31 iodine found after four months 2 92 2 26pullen found that the loss in free iodine could be accounted for by theiodine which had gone into combination with the fats of the ointmentbase pullen also found that if the potassium iodide and glycerin wereomitted in the preparation of the ointment, the loss in free iodinewas very rapid, the preparation containing practically no free iodine only 1/20 after a few hours he concludes that the use of potassiumiodide and glycerin is necessary for the preservation of the ointment he obtained specimens of iodine ointment in drug stores, and assayedthem for free iodine it is to be presumed that the ages of the severalspecimens were not known the results are found in the following table. Specimen no 1 2 74 per cent specimen no 2 2 85 per cent specimen no 3 2 62 per cent specimen no 4 2 48 per cent specimen no 5 2 53 per cent specimen no 6 2 79 per cent fried192 prepared iodine ointment according to the u s p viiiformula, and assayed it at intervals his results are tabulatedherewith:192 pharm jour , 1912, 89, 610 per cent iodine introduced 4 00 iodine found immediately after making 3 89 iodine found one hour after making 3 51 iodine found one day after making 3 48 iodine found five days after making 3 06 iodine found ten days after making 2 84 iodine found thirty days after making 2 81 iodine found ninety days after making 2 81 iodine found eight months after making 2 81iodine ointment has been official in the u s pharmacopeia since 1870 briefly, the method now used for making the preparation is as follows. Four gm of iodine, 4 gm of potassium iodide and 12 gm of glycerin are weighed into a tared mortar and the mixture triturated until the iodine and potassium iodide are dissolved and a dark, reddish-brown, syrupy liquid is produced eighty gm of benzoinated lard are then added in small portions and with trituration after each addition the mass is then triturated until of uniform consistence 193193 the time required to complete the process after the initialportion of lard has been added should be about twenty minutes paraffins and paraffin preparations-- table a key. A. Formula b. Substance c. Melting point, u s p d.

Pathologist to providencehospital ” the letter describes a series of “bacteriological andcomparative tests” made by dr gray with tyree antiseptic powder the entire second page of the circular is given over to the results ofthese bacteriologic tests which compare various strengths of tyreeantiseptic powder with “mercuric bichlorid, ” phenol and formaldehyde the physicians who received this advertising material in april, 1919, might easily overlook the fact that dr gray has been dead severalyears, that the letter which is reproduced is dated jan 3, 1890, andthat the bacteriologic tests were made in 1889-- thirty years ago!. The council on pharmacy and chemistry in 1906258 published theresults of an analysis of tyree antiseptic powder which showed thatalthough the stuff was advertised as a mixture of borax and alum, itwas in fact essentially a mixture of zinc sulphate and boric acid thepublication of the council report in 1906, showing the falsity of theformula, brought out the admission that the composition had recentlybeen changed certain it is, however, that for at least a decade past, the tyree product has been a zinc sulphate-boric acid preparation yet, according to the manufacturer own statement, tyree antisepticpowder in 1889, when dr gray made his bacteriologic tests, was anentirely different substance from the present mixture 258 at this time tyree antiseptic powder was an “ethicalproprietary”-- heaven save the mark!. -- and advertised only to physicians later, as the journal has shown, it entered the “patent medicine”field as “ideal for douche” and the “best preventative known ” thearticles on this nostrum are reprinted in the ninth edition of “thepropaganda for reform ”here then we have a manufacturer publishing in 1919, in behalf ofa certain product, tests that were made in 1889 with a product ofdifferent composition, although of the same name!. is this observing “tothe fullest extent” the “ethical and commercial requirements” of the“retail drug business”?. There is no scientific excuse for such a mixture as tyree antisepticpowder if, however, physicians feel that they must use an irrationalconglomeration such as this, why not prescribe pulvis antisepticus, n f ?. like the tyree product, this, too, is essentially a mixtureof zinc sulphate and boric acid, with minute amounts of phenol, eucalyptol, menthol and thymol, to say nothing of a dash of salicylicacid this official article has at least the virtue of constancy ofstrength, composition and purity assured under the federal food anddrugs act -- from the journal a m a , may 17, 1919 wheeler tissue phosphates “the commissioner of health directs me to call to your attention the enclosed advertisement issued by t b wheeler, m d , company, montreal, canada, in which the name of the association journal is being used ”accompanying this brief note to the journal from the secretary of dr haven emerson, commissioner of the dewritingment of health of the cityof new york, was a four page leaflet devoted to the exploitation of“wheeler tissue phosphates ” the trend of the circular is to leadthe average reader to infer that the journal of the american medicalassociation has endorsed wheeler tissue phosphates for example, indescribing the preparation one reads. “it embodies the best recent scientific opinion concerning the treatment of the disease tuberculosis as stated by the official journal a m a ”elsewhere in the circular the journal criticisms of thehypophosphites and the glycerophosphates proprietary preparationswhich are competitors of the wheeler product are quoted and twistedinto a tribute to the ingredients of wheeler tissue phosphates garbling quotations, distorting statements, separating phrases fromtheir contexts and omitting qualifying clauses, all for the purposeof making out a case for essay proprietary remedy is a trick as old asquackery itself that it should be used in advertising wheeler tissuephosphates is entirely fitting obviously, the t b wheeler, m d , company esteems the opinion of the journal on pharmacologic matters this being the case, it should, in the interest of truth and scientificaccuracy, publish in its advertising circulars just what the journalhas said about wheeler tissue phosphates it could not do this betterthan by quoting from a recent editorial note which commented on areport of the chemical laboratory on this preparation here is writing ofthe the journal comment. “‘wheeler tissue phosphates’ is an unscientific shotgun mixture whose most active and powerful drug is the alcohol it contains that it was not years ago relegated to the realms of obsolete and discarded preparations is a commentary alike on the lack of scientific discrimination and on the power of advertising ”here we have “wheeler tissue phosphates” stripped of the verbalcamouflage with which its exploiters have invested it -- editorialfrom the journal a m a , sept 22, 1917 briefer paragraphs alcresta lotion to the editor:-- what is the composition of alcresta lotion?. l t a hotten, m d , paris, idaho according to a circular in our files, “alcresta dental lotion-libby”contains “emetin, the active amebicidal principle of ipecac, togetherwith benzoic acid, thymol, eucalyptol and aromatics ” the theorythat emetin is an active amebicide against pyorrhea alveolaris hasbeen exploded in this connection, it is interesting to note thatthe firm does not list the product in the latest catalogue in ourfiles -- query from the journal a m a , oct 29, 1921 calcidin tablets abbott to the editor:-- what is the composition of calcidin tablets abbott and what is their value?. j s answer -- calcidin is claimed to be a mixture of iodin, lime and starch in contact with water, the iodin and lime react to form calcium iodidand calcium iodate by the acid of the gastric juice, the calcium iodidand calcium iodate are decomposed with liberation of free iodin theadministration of calcidin tablets amounts to giving free elementaryiodin in the past, the advertising for calcidin has contained theunwarranted claim more or less directly that it was the most effectiveand only noninjurious preparation of iodin for internal use, and thatit possesses all of the valuable properties of the iodin with all ofthe objectionable effects left out so far as we know, the effectsproduced by the administration of free iodin do not differ from thoseproduced by the administration of iodids and, therefore, calcidin hasno advantage over the iodids, such as sodium iodid -- query in thejournal a m a , sept 25, 1920 di-crotalin treatment of epilepsy to the editor:-- do you have any literature or information relative to the di-crotalin treatment for epilepsy?. i will be very grateful if you can furnish information as to method of preparation, rationale of the treatment, etc r c decker, captain, m r c , u s soldiers’ home, washington, d c answer -- di-crotalin is a rattlesnake venom preparation sold by theswan-myers company of indianapolis as a “treatment for epilepsy, chorea, bronchial asthma, chronic or hereditary nervous headache, nervous prostration incident to change of life, hysteria-mania, insomnia, neurasthenia, etc ” dr thomas j mays of philadelphiaadvocated the use of rattlesnake venom for tuberculosis later hisformer assistant, dr r h spangler, used the same material in thetreatment of epilepsy that any measure of success sufficient tojustify the adoption of the rattlesnake venom or crotalin treatmentfor epilepsy has resulted is not to be concluded from the availablereports still less evidence is there for the use of rattlesnakevenom in the list of conditions for which the swan-myers company hasrecommended its preparation there are a number of good reasons why acautious physician will shun the administration of this treatment andadvise against it j f anderson, working in the hygienic laboratoryof the united states public health service, reported a death from thecrotalin treatment in consequence of infection, and reports that themarket supply of crotalin solution and crotalin tablets is highlycontaminated he also found both crotalin and crotalin solution tovary in activity the use of rattlesnake venom was discussed in thejournal, march 15, 1913, p 850 -- query in the journal a m a , aug 17, 1918 estivin to the editor:-- what is “estevin, ” or essaything like that?. it is said to be good in hay-fever constant reader answer -- the product called “estivin” is sold by schieffelin andcompany, new york a request for a statement of the composition of thispreparation sent to schieffelin and company by the council on pharmacyand chemistry brought the indefinite and, therefore, meaninglessstatement that “‘estivin’ is an extract of rosa gallica containing noalcoholic or foreign ingredients ”-- query from the journal a m a , nov 12, 1921 iron arsenite to the editor:-- can you inform me how iron arsenite can be prepared for subcutaneous injection?. a commercial firm furnishes physicians with ampules of arsenite of iron is this really arsenite of iron?.

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Nor those defining the duties of members of boards, and punishingthe misconduct of such members. Nor those prescribing qualificationsfor appointment to the public medical service. Nor former laws not nowapplicable to candidates. Nor regulations of the form of certificatesor licenses, where the issuing of them is committed to essay publicfunctionary or body. Nor provisions with reference to the powers anddisabilities of local institutions to confer diplomas or degrees, norwith reference to medical students except as candidates for admissionto practise in the synopsis words of the masculine gender areuniformly used except when the law by its terms makes a distinctionbetween men and women, in which case the distinction is indicated alabama qualification - the board of censors of the medical association ofthe state of alabama and the board of censors of the county medicalsocieties in affiliation with the said association are boards ofmedical examiners code 1887, s 1, 301 in the absence of such boardof medical examiners in any county, the county commissioners mayestablish a board of from three to seven physicians of good standing, resident in the county, whose authority shall terminate whenever aboard is organized in accordance with the constitution of and inaffiliation with said association 1, 296 where the boardof examiners is constituted as provided in sec 1, 296, it must issue alicense to practise medicine in any one or more of its branches in thecounty, if on examination the applicant is found duly qualified, and isof good moral character 1, 297 in a county having only the medical board provided for in sec 1, 296, a regular graduate of a medical college in the united states, havinga diploma, is entitled to practise medicine without a license, uponrecording his diploma in the office of the judge of probate of thecounty 1, 298 a license issued by the last-mentioned board must be recorded in theoffice of the judge of probate of the county 1, 299 thelicense or diploma, after record, is evidence of authority. If theoriginal be lost, a certified copy of the record is sufficient evidence1, 300 without a certificate of qualification from theboard provided for in sec 1, 301, except as above provided, no personcan lawfully practise medicine in any of its branches or dewritingmentsas a profession or means of livelihood 1, 302 the standardof qualification, method or system, and subjects of examination areprescribed by the medical association of the state 1, 303 the board of medical examiners, on application, must examine anapplicant for a certificate of qualification as a practitioner ofmedicine, and if he be found qualified, and of good moral charactermust issue a certificate 1, 304 physicians having a license as above before the organization in acounty of a board, are on application thereto entitled to a certificatewithout examination and to be registered as licensed practitioners ofmedicine 1, 305 the certificate is a license throughout the state it must be recordedin the office of the judge of probate of the county in which the personresides at the time of issue upon recording it, the judge must indorsea certificate of record and sign it and affix the seal of the court1, 306 such certificate, or, if lost, a certified copy ofthe record, is evidence 1, 307 penalty - a contract for the services of a physician or surgeon is voidunless he has authority to practise. Proof of authority is not requiredat trial except on two days’ notice 1, 318 practising medicine or surgery without a certificate is a misdemeanorunder a penalty of a fine of from $25 to $100 this provision is notapplicable to physicians practising medicine in alabama in 1890, whoare graduates of a respectable medical college and have complied withthe law by having their diplomas recorded by the judge of probate inthe county where they practise. Nor to a physician who has practised inthe state for the past five years act 1890-91, c 376. Nor to womenpractising midwifery code 1887, s 1, 308 fees - the statutory fees are as follows:to judge of probate, for record of diploma, or license or certificate, $1 1, 298, 1, 299, 1, 306 to board of medical examiners, for examination, actual expenses s 1, 304 arizona qualification - it is unlawful for any person to practise medicine, surgery, or other obstetrics unless he have a diploma regularly issuedby a medical college lawfully organized under the laws of the statewherein it is located, or a license issued and authorized by a boardof medical examiners under and by virtue of the laws of any state orterritory the diploma must state that the person named is qualified topractise medicine and surgery in all of its dewritingments penal code, 1887, s 617, as amended act of april 11th, 1893 a diploma granted for moneyed consideration or other article of valuealone, or revoked or cancelled by the college by which it was issued orby act of the legislature, is not a sufficient qualification s 618 every practitioner of medicine, surgery, or obstetrics must register inthe county recorder office his name, residence, and place of birth, and present his diploma or license, and the county recorder must makea copy of it under the record of his name, residence, and place ofbirth the person registering must subscribe and verify an affidavit inwriting, annexed to the copy as transcribed, that he is the identicalperson named in the diploma 619, as amended by act of april11th, 1893 definition, exception - any person is regarded as practising medicinewho professes publicly to be a physician or habitually prescribes forthe sick, or appends to his name “m d , ” but the act does not prohibitgratuitous services in paper of emergency. Nor apply to lawfullycommissioned surgeons and assistant surgeons of the united states armyand those who were commissioned and mustered into the united statesservice in the great rebellion, or physicians or surgeons who havebeen in active practice for ten years and at least three years in theterritory, nor prevent practice and receiving pay in localities fifteenmiles or more from the residence or office of a regular physician620 offence - violation of the act is a misdemeanor 621 fees - to the county recorder, for registration, $5 619 arkansas qualification - it is unlawful for any one to engage in the practice ofmedicine and surgery, or either, as a calling except as provided in thestatute act april 14th, 1893, s 1 a person engaging in the practice of medicine or surgery must be ofgood moral character, twenty-one years of age, and a graduate of essayreputable college of medicine and surgery that requires for graduationnot less than two courses of lectures, each in a different year s 2 before engaging in practice, such person must exhibit his diploma toessay county clerk of the state and have it recorded the clerk mustgive him a certificate of record, which may be attached to the diploma3 in all paper of doubt as to the reputability of a college, it is theduty of the clerk of the county court, when a diploma is offered forrecord, to make inquiry of the secretary of the state where the saidcollege exists as to its reputability and requirements for graduation, and if the said clerk shall find that the said college does not conformto the requirements of this article, he shall not receive the diplomaand the holder shall not be allowed to practise in the state theaggrieved applicant may apply to the state board of medical examiners, whose decision shall govern the clerk in his action 4 if after recording any diploma it shall come to the knowledge of theclerk making the record, or any other judicial or executive officer ofthe state, that the record was obtained by fraud or misrepresentation, it shall be his duty to institute before the said court of recordproceedings to have such record reversed, and the holder of the diplomashall be judged guilty of a misdemeanor 5 exceptions - the act does not affect the standing of any one practisingat the time of its passage by virtue of a license under the thenexisting law, nor any one then legally engaged in the practice ofmedicine and surgery, nor does it prevent midwives from practisingtheir calling or any one else from giving such simple domestic remediesas they are in the habit of using 6 examinations - the constituted state board of medical examiners isauthorized to examine persons having no diploma from a medical college, and if found qualified to practise medicine and surgery issue acertificate entitling the holder to practise in this state s 7 systems, definition - no discrimination of schools of medicine isallowed any person who prescribes or administers medicine except asprovided in sec 6 is deemed a physician 8 penalty - the violation of this act is a misdemeanor punishable with afine of from $25 to $100 each day of practice is a separate offence9 date - the act took effect ninety days after its passage 10 fees - to the county clerk, for recording, $1 50 for certificate of record the county clerk is not allowed to charge afee 3 california qualification - every person practising medicine or surgery in any ofits dewritingments must present his diploma to the board of examiners withaffidavits if the board finds all facts required to be stated in theaffidavit to be true, it issues a certificate conclusive in any writingof the state act 1877-78, c 576.