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National Honor Society Essay


Or, for the want of any ofsuch requirements, shall have fulfilled such conditions as the boardmay determine and shall pay national honor society essay a fee of twenty dollars, shall be entitledto be registered and to receive a license to practise 10 powers of board - the said board among other powers has the powerto examine all degrees, diplomas, licenses, and other credentialspresented or given in evidence for the purpose of entitling the ownerto practise in nova scotia. And to oblige the owner to attest on oath, or by affidavit, that he is the person whose name is mentioned therein, and that he became possessed thereof honestly. To cause every memberof the profession practising in nova scotia to enregister his name, age, place of residence, place of nativity, date of license or diploma, and the place where he obtained it, in the register of the board. Toappoint medical examiners to hold final examinations, such examinersto be regular qualified practitioners of not less than five years’professional standing, and three years’ residence in the province12 register - the registrar is required to keep his register correct, andto erase the names of all registered persons who shall have died, leftthe province without any intention of returning, or ceased to practisefor five years, and to make from time to time the necessary alterationsin the addresses or qualifications of persons registered a name erasedis required to be restored by the order of the board upon sufficientcause duly shown 15 neglect to register - persons entitled to register and neglectingor omitting to register are not entitled to any of the rights orprivileges conferred so long as the neglect or omission shall continue16 theories of medicine or surgery - no person shall be refusedregistration or a license on account of the adoption or the refusal toadopt the practice of any writingicular theory of medicine or surgery incase of such refusal the writingy aggrieved has the right to appeal to thegovernor in council, who, on due cause shown, is required to issue anorder to the board to register the name of such person and to grant hima license 17 powers of registrar - no qualification is entered unless the registraris satisfied by proper evidence that the person claiming is entitled toit, and any appeal from the decision of the registrar may be decidedby the board, and any entry proving to the satisfaction of the boardto have been fraudulently or incorrectly made may be erased from theregister by order in writing of the board 18 forfeiture of rights - a medical practitioner convicted of felony or, after due inquiry, judged by the board to have been guilty of infamousconduct in any professional respect, thereby forfeits his right toregistration, and if registered his name shall, by the direction of theboard, be erased from the register 19 additional qualifications - a registered person may have a higherdegree or an additional qualification obtained by him, inserted inthe register in substitution for or in addition to a qualificationpreviously registered, on the payment of such fee as the board mayappoint 20 rights of registered persons - every registered person is entitledaccording to his qualifications to practise medicine, surgery, ormidwifery, or either or any of them as the case may be, and to demandand receive reasonable charges for professional aid, advice, and visitsand the cost of any medicine or any medical or surgical appliancesrendered or supplied by him to his patients 21 no person is entitled to recover such charge unless he shall proveon the trial that he is registered under this chapter this does notinterfere with the sale by qualified druggists or chemists of articlesproperly belonging to their business 22 definition - the words “legally qualified medical practitioner” or“duly qualified medical practitioner, ” or any other words importing aperson recognized by law as a medical practitioner or a member of themedical profession, when used in any act of the legislature or legal orpublic document mean a person registered under this chapter s 23 unregistered persons - no person shall be appointed as a medicalofficer, physician, or surgeon, in any branch of the public service, or in any hospital or other charitable institution, unless he beregistered under the provisions of this chapter 24 no certificate required from any physician or surgeon or medicalpractitioner is valid unless the signer be registered 25 offences and penalties - for a person without registration or licenseto practise physic, surgery, or midwifery for hire, gain, or hope ofreward, or wilfully or falsely pretend to be a physician, doctor ofmedicine, surgeon, or general practitioner, or to take or use any nameor description implying or calculated to lead people to infer that heis registered, or to profess by public advertisement, card, circular, sign, or otherwise to practise physic, surgery, or midwifery, or togive advice therein or in anywise to lead people to infer that he isqualified to practise physic, surgery, or midwifery, is punishable witha forfeiture of $20 for each day that he so practises or leads peopleto infer that he is practising 26 on trial of such cause the burden of proof as to the license or rightof the defendant to practise physic, surgery, or midwifery is on thedefendant 28 if a person wilfully procures or attempts to procure registration bymaking or producing, or causing to be made or produced, a false orfraudulent representation or declaration, he, and all persons knowinglyaiding or assisting therein, are each punishable with a forfeiture ofnot less than $100 30 to wilfully and falsely pretend to be or take or use any name ordescription implying registration, is punishable with a forfeiture notexceeding $100 31 suits under this chapter are not to be begun after one year from thedate of the offence or cause of action 32 exceptions - this chapter does not prevent a competent female frompractising midwifery in nova scotia, except that she must satisfy theboard of her competency, and obtain a certificate from the registrarbefore she can lawfully practise in the city of halifax 33 nothing in the chapter prevents any person from giving necessarymedical or surgical aid or attendance to any one in urgent need of it, provided such aid or attendance is not given for hire or gain, nor thegiving of it made a business or way of gaining a livelihood s 34 every person residing in the province and who shall have practisedtherein prior to january 1st, 1850, is entitled on proof thereof tohave his name registered and receive a license to practise under thischapter 36 a person while employed in active service in her majesty navalor military service as a physician or surgeon may practise physic, surgery, or midwifery with sic registration or license s 37 schedule b of the chapter prescribes the subjects for a matriculationor preliminary examination of those commencing the study of medicine fees - to the registrar, for registration under secs 9 and 10, $20 to the registrar, for a preliminary examination under sec 7, $10 for registering additional qualifications, such fee as the board mayappoint 20 ontario college of physicians, etc - there is a corporation styled “the collegeof physicians and surgeons of ontario” rev, st , 1887, c 148, s 2 all persons registered according to the provincial acts 29 victoria, c 34, and 37 victoria, c 45, and amendatory acts, are members of saidcorporation 3. As well as all persons registered under thisact 4 council - there is a council of said college composed ofrepresentatives chosen from every university, college, or body in theprovince authorized to grant degrees in medicine and surgery, and whichestablish and maintain to the satisfaction of the college of physiciansand surgeons of ontario a medical faculty in connection therewith, with five members elected by the registered licensed practitioners inhomœopathy, and twelve members elected from among and by the otherregistered members of the profession 6 no teacher, professor, or lecturer of any such college or body shallhold a seat in said council except as a representative of the collegeor body to which he belongs 6, subd 2, as amended act 1893, c 27, s 2 all members of the council representing the colleges of bodiesaforesaid must be practitioners duly registered 6, subd 3, as amended act 1893, c 27, s 2 all duly registered practitioners are entitled to vote at any electionfor members of the council 8 any member of the college may have his name transferred from one classof voters to any other on presenting to the registrar a certificateduly signed by the member or members of the board of examiners toexamine candidates on subjects specified as peculiar to each school ofmedicine, testifying that the member so applying has shown a sufficientknowledge of the system of medicine he desires to connect himself with, to entitle him to be admitted to the class he desires, and being soadmitted he is entitled to vote in that class only 9 1 no member is entitled to return to the class from which he has beentransferred without the sanction of the council 9 2 the council appoints officers including a registrar 13 the council must appoint an executive committee to take cognizance ofand action upon all matters delegated to it by the council or which mayrequire immediate attention or interference between the adjournment ofthe council and its next meeting, and all such acts shall be valid onlytill the next ensuing meeting of the council 4 division association - in each territorial division established bythe act there may be established a division association, of whichevery member of the said college residing within the said territorialdivision shall be a member 15 professional fees - the division association may submit to the councila tariff of professional fees suitable to their division, and on thesaid tariff receiving the approval of the council, signed by the sealof the college and the signature of the president, such tariff shall beheld to be a scale of reasonable charges for the division or sectionof a division where the members of the association making it reside16 registration - in a register kept by the registrar the councilis required to cause to be entered the name of every person dulyregistered and all persons who have complied with the act and the rulesand regulations made by the council respecting the qualifications ofpractitioners of medicine, surgery, and midwifery. And those personsonly whose names are inscribed in the register shall be deemed to bequalified and licensed to practise medicine, surgery, or midwifery, except as hereinafter provided 21 the registrar is required to keep his register correct and to make thenecessary alterations in the addresses or qualifications of personsregistered and he may write to any registered person at his addresson the register, to inquire whether he has ceased to practise orhas changed his residence, and if no answer be returned within sixmonths, may erase the name of such person. The name shall be restoredon compliance with the other provisions of the act 22, asamended act 1891, c 26, s 9 it is optional for the council to admit to registration all suchpersons as are duly registered in the medical register of greatbritain, or otherwise authorized to practise medicine, surgery, andmidwifery in the united kingdom of great britain and ireland, upon suchterms as the council may deem expedient 23 1 any person actually practising medicine, surgery, or midwifery, or anyof them, in ontario prior to january 1st, 1850, and who has attendedone course of lectures at any recognized medical school, on such proofas the council may require, is entitled to register 23 2 any person actually practising medicine, surgery, or midwiferyaccording to the principles of homœopathy before january 1st, 1850, andfor the six years preceding march 24th, 1874, in ontario, may in thediscretion of the representatives of the homœopathic system of medicinebe registered 23 3 any person who possesses any of the qualifications described inschedule b, dated prior to july 23d, 1870, on the payment of the fee, is entitled to register on producing to the registrar the documentconferring or evidencing his qualification or qualifications, or ontransmitting by post to the registrar information of his name andaddress and evidence of the qualification or qualifications in respectwhereof he wishes to be registered and of the time or times at whichthe same was or were attained no one registered under the actsmentioned in sec 3 is liable to pay for registration 24 every person wishing to be registered, and not possessed before july23d, 1870, of one of the qualifications in schedule b, must presenthimself for examination as to his knowledge and skill for the efficientpractice of his profession before the board of examiners mentioned insec 28, and upon passing the examination required and proving to thesatisfaction of the board of examiners that he has complied with therules and regulations of the council, and on payment of such fees asthe council may establish, he shall be entitled to register and invirtue of his registration to practise medicine, surgery, and midwifery25 when it appears that there has been established a central examiningboard similar to that constituted by this act, or an institution dulyrecognized by the legislature of any of the provinces of the dominionof canada as the sole examining body for the purpose of grantingcertificates of qualification, and wherein the curriculum is equal tothat established in ontario, the holder of such certificate shall, upondue proof, be entitled to registration by the council of ontario if thesame privilege is accorded by such examining board or institution tothose holding certificates of ontario 26 board of examiners - the council is required at its annual meeting toelect a board of examiners whose duty it is to examine at least oncein each year all candidates for registration in accordance with theby-laws, rules, and regulations of the council. Such examinations areto be held at toronto or kingston at such times and in such manner asthe council may by by-laws direct 28 the board of examiners is composed of one member from each existingteaching body enumerated in sec 6 and one from every other schoolof medicine organized in connection with any university or collegeempowered by law to grant medical or surgical diplomas and not lessthan six members chosen from the members of the college of physiciansand surgeons of ontario unconnected with any such teaching body s 29, as amended act 1893, c 27, s 5 homœpathists - every candidate who, at the time of the examination, signifies his wish to be registered as a homœopathic practitionershall not be required to pass an examination in materia medica ortherapeutics, or the theory or practice of physic or surgery ormidwifery except the operative writings thereof, before any examinersother than those approved of by the representatives in the council ofthe homœopathic system 30 duties of council - the council is required to make orders, regulations, or by-laws for regulating the register and fees forregistration and for the guidance of the board of examiners, and mayprescribe the subjects and modes of examination and the time and placeof holding the same, and may make all such rules and regulationsfor examination not contrary to the act as they deem expedient andnecessary 31 additional qualification - every person registered who obtains a higherdegree or other qualification is, on the payment of the fee, entitledto have it inscribed in the register in substitution for or in additionto the qualifications previously registered 32 powers of registrar - no qualification is to be entered on theregister unless the registrar be satisfied by proper evidence thatthe person claiming it is entitled to it appeal from the decision ofthe registrar may be decided by the council. Any entry proved to thesatisfaction of the council to have been fraudulently or incorrectlymade may be erased from the register by order of the council in writing33 1 if the registrar be dissatisfied with the evidence adduced by a personclaiming to be registered, he has power, subject to appeal to thecouncil, to refuse registration until such evidence is furnished, dulyattested by oath or affidavit before a judge of the county court of anycounty 33 2 erasure and restoration of name - a practitioner is liable to have hisname erased from the register where he has been convicted before orafter registration of an offence which, if committed in canada, wouldbe a felony or misdemeanor, or where he has been guilty of any infamousor disgraceful conduct in a professional respect 34 1 the council may, and on the application of any four registered medicalpractitioners must, cause inquiry to be made into the case of a personalleged to be liable to have his name erased under this section, and onproof of such conviction or conduct shall cause his name to be erasedfrom the register the name of a person shall not be erased on accountof his adopting or refraining from the practice of any writingiculartheory of medicine or surgery. Nor on account of a conviction for apolitical offence out of her majesty dominions, nor of convictionfor an offence which ought not either from its trivial nature or itscircumstances to disqualify a person from practising medicine orsurgery 34 2 the council may order to be paid out of any funds at their disposalsuch costs as they may deem just to any person against whom anycomplaint has been made, which, when finally determined, is found tohave been frivolous and vexatious 34 3 when the council direct the erasure of any name or entry, it shallnot be again entered except by direction of the council or any of thedivisions of the high court of justice 35 1, as amendedact 1891, c 26, s 3 if the council think fit, they may direct the registrar to restoreany name or entry erased, without fee, or on payment of such fee notexceeding the regular fee as the council may fix 35 2 the council is required to ascertain facts, in the exercise of itspowers of erasing and restoring, by a committee of their own body ofnot more than five, and a written report of the committee may be actedon by the council 36 1, as amended act 1891, c 26, s 4 at least two weeks’ notice of the first meeting of the committee forascertaining the facts of any case must be served on a person whoseconduct is subject to inquiry, and such notice must embody a copy ofthe charges or a statement of the subject-matter of the inquiry, andspecify the time and place of meeting the testimony is under oath, andsubject to cross-examination and the full right to call evidence indefence and reply in the event of the non-attendance of such personthe committee, on the proof of personal service of the notice, mayproceed with the inquiry in his absence and without further notice36 5 no action can be brought against the council or committee for anythingdone bona fide under this act notwithstanding want of form in theproceedings any person whose name has been ordered erased may appealfrom the decision of the council to any division of the high courtat any time within six months from the date of the order of erasure, and the judge may make such order as to restoration, confirmation, orfurther inquiries by the committee or council and as to costs, as tohim shall seem right 37, as amended act 1891, c 26, s 5 the appeal may be by a summons served on the registrar to show cause, and is founded upon a copy of the proceedings before the committee, theevidence taken, the committee report, and the order of the councilcertified by the registrar the registrar is required to furnish to anyperson desiring to appeal a certified copy of all proceedings, reports, orders, and papers on which the committee acted, on payment of fivecents a folio 38, as amended act 1891, c 26, s 6 the act of 1891, c 26, s 7, provides for procuring the attendance ofwitnesses before the committee, and for payment of costs by the personwhose name has been directed to be erased rights of registered persons - every person registered is entitledaccording to his qualifications to practise medicine, surgery, ormidwifery, or any of them, as the case may be, and to demand andrecover with full costs reasonable charges for professional aid, advice, and visits and the cost of any medicine or other medical orsurgical appliances rendered or supplied by him to his patient s 39 limitations - one year after the termination of professional servicesis established as a period of limitations to an action for negligenceor malpractice by reason thereof against duly registered members ofsaid college 40 evidence - the register is required to be printed and published, and acopy thereof purporting to be so printed and published is prima facieevidence that the persons specified are registered.

Conjunctivæ congested national honor society essay. Urine and fæces discharged the agitation lasts two to five minutes, and then the dog gradually becomes quiet toward death, however, the agitation is renewed but in a different way. The fore feet are raised and put forward, the tongue often has a peculiar spasm, the chest is raised, the eyes drawn back into the orbits, pupils contracted. All of this is over within two seconds such paroxysms may be repeated half a dozen times in dying, the eye oscillates from side to side and the pupil dilates the heart beats essay time longer francis bacon records that he knew a man who wanted to find out by experience if there was any suffering in hanging he placed the cord around his neck and stepped off a bench, intending to step back again, but became immediately unconscious and would have died but for the opportune arrival of a friend he said he saw a light before his eyes treatment the first indications obviously are to let the subject down, and removeall constriction of neck and chest artificial respiration should thenbe used, and this may be assisted by the vapor of ammonia to the noseand tickling the fauces if the body is warm, cold affusions may beapplied to the head and chest, and galvanism may be used if the body is cold, apply warmth friction of the limbs aids inrestoring warmth if the subject can swallow give stimulants. These mayalso be used by rectum venesection may be required to relieve cerebralcongestion or distention of the right heart and pulmonary circulation the following paper illustrate what may be done to resuscitate one who has been hanged. A man, age 35, in good health, weight one hundred and sixty pounds, was executed with a drop of over six feet. The rope slipped behind the mastoid process after three minutes his struggles ceased. The radial beat ceased at six and one-half minutes. All signs of life at ten and one-half minutes, and the body was blue fourteen and one-half minutes, body let down. Mark about one-fourth inch deep on neck. Swelling above and below. No fracture of vertebræ strong galvanism of the pneumogastrics after sixteen or seventeen minutes at intervals of four seconds caused marked respiratory efforts. Sixty-six minutes, galvanism renewed. Heart-beat and radial pulse recognized. Epiglottis swollen, requiring the tongue to be drawn forward.

Thiscommittee in turn invoked the aid of the a m a chemical laboratoryin testing the manufacturer products the essence of the laboratorywork national honor society essay up to july 1, 1919, is reported in this paper 219 the quality of american-made synthetics, j a m a 69. 1018 sept 22 1917 220 this committee is composed of julius stieglitz, chairman, professor of chemistry, university of chicago. W a puckner, secretaryof the council on pharmacy and chemistry, american medical association, and moses gomberg, professor of chemistry, university of michigan 221 stieglitz, julius. Shortage of synthetic remedies, j a m a 69. 400 aug 4 1917 222 foreign patents to be open to american manufacturers, j a m a 69.

And the said bran boiled in good vinegar, and appliedto swollen breasts, helps them, and stays all inflamations it helpsalso the biting of vipers which i take to be no other than our englishadder and all other venomous creatures the leaves of wheat mealapplied with essay salt, take away hardness of the skin, warts, and hardknots in the flesh wafers put in water, and drank, stays the laskand bloody flux, and are profitably used national honor society essay both inwardly and outwardlyfor the ruptures in children boiled in water unto a thick jelly, andtaken, it stays spitting of blood. And boiled with mint and butter, ithelps the hoarseness of the throat the willow tree these are so well known that they need no description i shalltherefore only shew you the virtues therof government and virtues the moon owns it both the leaves, bark, and the seed, are used to stanch bleeding of wounds, and at mouth andnose, spitting of blood, and other fluxes of blood in man or woman, and to stay vomiting, and provocation thereunto, if the decoction ofthem in wine be drank it helps also to stay thin, hot, sharp, saltdistillations from the head upon the lungs, causing a consumption theleaves bruised with essay pepper, and drank in wine, helps much the windcholic the leaves bruised and boiled in wine, and drank, stays theheat of lust in man or woman, and quite extinguishes it, if it be longused. The seed also is of the same effect water that is gathered fromthe willow, when it flowers, the bark being slit, and a vessel fittingto receive it, is very good for redness and dimness of sight, or filmsthat grow over the eyes, and stay the rheums that fall into them. Toprovoke urine, being stopped, if it be drank. To clear the face andskin from spots and discolourings galen saith, the flowers have anadmirable faculty in drying up humours, being a medicine without anysharpness or corrosion. You may boil them in white wine, and drink asmuch as you will, so you drink not yourself drunk the bark works thesame effect, if used in the same manner, and the tree hath always abark upon it, though not always flowers. The burnt ashes of the barkbeing mixed with vinegar, takes away warts, corns, and superfluousflesh, being applied to the place the decoction of the leaves or barkin wine, takes away scurff and dandriff by washing the place with it it is a fine cool tree, the boughs of which are very convenient to beplaced in the chamber of one sick of a fever woad descript it hath divers large leaves, long, and essaywhat broadwithal, like those of the greater plantain, but larger, thicker, of agreenish colour, essaywhat blue withal from among which leaves rises upa lusty stalk, three or four feet high, with divers leaves set thereon;the higher the stalk rises, the smaller are the leaves. At the top itspreads divers branches, at the end of which appear very pretty, littleyellow flowers, and after they pass away like other flowers of thefield, come husks, long and essaywhat flat withal.

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try it as a hypothetic case before you are forced to applyit -- from the journal a m a , dec 8, 1917 article iii pepto-manganit would be interesting, and even instructive, to know how thesiseducated physicians, if any, are now prescribing pepto-mangan gude:interesting as indicating the number who have neglected to availthemselves of the work of the council on pharmacy and chemistry, especially the earlier national honor society essay work. Instructive in that it would show how thesisare still prescribing by the rule of thumb, and who are taking theirtherapeutic instructions from purely commercial sources instead ofstriving to learn how to choose those drugs that are most effective inthe treatment of disease it has been pointed out thesis times in the pages of the journal thatthesis nostrums are advertised first to physicians, and that afterphysicians have served as the unpaid agents of the manufacturers inintroducing the preparations, their exploitation is then commonlycontinued by means of advertisements in the public press this plan hasbeen followed successfully in so thesis paper that we have now come tolook on it as the regular course it is in keeping with this rule thatwe find pepto-mangan now advertised in the public press, the physicianshaving served the manufacturer purpose discarded theories of iron medicationit will be recalled that thesis years ago the theory was held thathydrogen sulphid sulphureted hydrogen interfered with the absorptionof the iron of the food, and that the administration of medicinaliron prevented this interference by neutralizing the hydrogen sulphid sulphureted hydrogen it was only a short step to argue thatmanganese might replace the medicinal iron in combining with thehydrogen sulphid, permitting the food iron to be absorbed, and itwas held that only food iron could be utilized in the formation ofhemoglobin it is hardly necessary to remind the reader that this theory restson numerous fallacies there is no hydrogen sulphid worth mentioningin the small intestine where iron is absorbed. Food iron cannot beutilized directly in the formation of hemoglobin but must be brokeninto simple forms for absorption. And, further, inorganic iron, such asferrous carbonate, serves the purpose admirably when iron is indicated with the acceptance of these well established facts, all possibleexcuse for the therapeutic employment of pepto-mangan in place of ironvanished. But as plain and simple as this fact is, the unnecessary andexpensive pepto-mangan continues to be prescribed by physicians whowill not take the slight trouble to investigate the claims for thisnostrum false and misleading claimsthere is not merely a difference of opinion between the exploiters andthe council, but there has been also actual misrepresentation in theexploitation of this nostrum to physicians this has been shown onmore than one occasion about twelve years ago, the m j breitenbachcompany, the proprietors of pepto-mangan, claimed that the report ofthe commission that had been appointed for the investigation of anemiain porto rico “would alone suffice to establish pepto-mangan at once asthe foremost hematinic known ” examination of the report showed thatthe commission made no such claims. On the contrary the commissionprotested against this misrepresentation j a m a 45:1099 oct 7 1905 illustration. From the new york medical journal undaunted by this exposure of their methods, the breitenbach companylater sent out a statement of results purporting to have been obtainedby one mateo m gillen, in the treatment of infantile anemia onrandall island in new york city at the instance of the journalthe hospital records in these paper were examined, and it was foundthat the pretended report was little more than a tissue of falsehood j a m a 48:1197 april 6 1907 about two years ago the council reported that while the statementsjust referred to were no longer made, they had never been definitelyadmitted by the breitenbach company to be erroneous, and thatpepto-mangan was then being exploited to the public indirectly council reports, 1914, p 121 we reproduce an advertisement that has been appearing weekly in thenew york medical journal for several months one can only supposethat this advertisement was intended to mislead physicians, and itwould be an insult to the intelligence of the average reader toattempt any detailed discussion of it, but enough has been said toshow how misleading the statements are one should note writingicularlythe advice-- old as the nostrum business itself-- contained in theadvertisement, to prescribe an original bottle the reason for suchadvice is simple experience has shown that when original bottles aredispensed patients soon learn to buy the nostrum without consulting thephysician, for they shrewdly suspect that he knows no more about thepreparation than they, and that he gets his information from preciselythe same sources that are available to them they are obviously right in truth, the physician who prescribes pepto-mangan as a hematinicshows ignorance of the most rudimentary facts of iron therapy, and theintelligent patient soon perceives his limitations illustration. A newspaper advertisement of pepto-mangan the problem of iron therapythe investigation of the problems of iron therapy and its utilizationin the formation of hemoglobin forms one of the most brilliant chaptersin pharmacologic research, and there is no better established fact intherapeutics than that any organic or inorganic preparation of ironthat does not irritate the stomach may be employed effectively when theadministration of iron is indicated “useful drugs” contains a listof iron preparations that are suitable for all conditions which callfor iron, and the clinician may rest assured that he will never haveoccasion to go outside that list to prescribe any substitute as a matter of fact, it seems probable that the very number ofavailable iron preparations has served to cause confusion, thusaffording an opportunity for the nostrum maker to introduce hissuperfluous compounds it may be difficult at times to select thepreparation of iron best suited to the individual patient. And it isthis difficulty that has led the clinician to listen to the seductiveclaims made for the various pretended substitutes for iron oneshould approach the question of choosing the proper form of iron fortherapeutic use with the recognition of the fact that there is nosuch thing as a substitute for iron in the formation of hemoglobin, that there are no ideal forms of iron other than those found in thefoodstuffs further, the clinician cannot avoid the disadvantagesinherent in all forms of iron that he can prescribe, and he musttherefore seek that which seems best suited for the individual patient bunge estimated the amounts of iron present in various foods.