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For it cleanses, fetches out the filth thoughit lie in the bones, brings up the flesh from the bottom, and all thisit doth speedily. It cures wounds made with poisoned weapons, and forthis clusius brings thesis experiences too tedious here to relate it is an admirable thing for carbuncles and plague-sores, inferiorto none. Green wounds ’twill cure in a trice. Ulcers and gangreensvery speedily, not only in men, but also in beasts, therefore theindians dedicated it to their god taken in a pipe, it hath almost asthesis virtues. It easeth weariness, takes away the sense of hunger andthirst, provokes to stool. He saith, the indians will travel four dayswithout either meat or drink, by only chewing a little of this in theirmouths. It eases the body of superfluous humours, opens stoppings seethe ointment of tobacco nummularia money-wort, or herb two-pence. Cold, dry, binding, helpsfluxes, stops the menses, helps ulcers in the lungs. Outwardly it is aspecial herb for wounds nymphea see the flowers ocynum basil, hot and moist the best use that i know of it, is, itgives speedy deliverance to women in travail let them not take abovehalf a dram of it at a time in powder, and be sure also the birth beripe, else it causes abortion oleæ folia olive leaves. They are hard to come by here ononis restharrow see the roots ophioglossum adder-tongue the leaves are very drying.

In 1916the profession was circularized recommending pineoleum as “the idealprophylactic” in infantile paralysis. During the past year influenzahas again been the selling point the case described by dr lambert is not the first example of themisuse of names and statements of physicians last december thepineoleum concern was sending out an advertising card in which dr mccoy of the united states public health service was quoted asrecommending pineoleum as the “bulwark of prevention” and “battery ofrelief” in influenza of course, dr mccoy never said anything of thesort a protest against this writingicular falsehood resulted in anothercard being sent out several months later by the pineoleum peoplepurporting to explain and apologize for the misquotations and puttingthe blame on the printer the “apology” ended with a postscript inlarger and bolder face type than the body of the card that urgedphysicians to “secure our liberal introductory advertising propositionon improved oil nebulizer outfits ” from the standpoint of publicityfor pineoleum, the “explanation and apology” was doubtless as good anadvertisement as the original card of misrepresentation -- ed -- fromthe journal a m a , nov 1, 1919 “proteal therapy” and henry smith williams to the editor:-- will you please advise as to the success and safeness in using the proteal treatment for tuberculosis by henry smith williams, m d , ll d , 104 east 40th street, new york?. c p burchard, alamogordo, n m to the editor:-- kindly send me any available information on “the proteal treatment for cancer ” an article by dr henry smith williams, 120 west 32 street, new york city, in april hearst has caused relatives to request its use in a case of carcinoma of the liver under my care m m reppard, middlebourne, w va to the editor:-- i am enclosing a leaflet, mailed to me on request, by dr henry smith williams of new york city, who published a series of articles during the last year in hearst magazine on “proteal therapy ” if you have investigated this man and his proteal treatment, i should like to know the result of your findings i am a consumptive and am, therefore, writingicularly interested in its alleged benefactions for the treatment of tuberculosis michael a long, glen lake sanitarium, hopkins, minn to the editor:-- what information can you give me regarding henry smith williams, m d , ll d , 104 east fortieth street, new york, and the therapeutic value of the “proteal therapy” that he has originated?. m d baker, m d , san jose, calif the above letters are selected from thesis received on the subject henry smith williams is better known in the journalistic world thanin the field of scientific medicine he was graduated by the chicagomedical college in 1884 in the thirteen issues of medical directoriesof the united states that have been published during the past thirtyyears dr williams’ name does not appear-- except for the issues of1890 and 1893-- until the 1914 edition so far as we have been ableto find, dr williams had not until 1915 contributed any articles tomedical journals the catalog of the surgeon general library containsno reference to any articles of dr williams except those that haveappeared in popular magazines the volumes of the index medicus from1907 until 1914, inclusive, also contain no references to any articlesby him in medical journals the journal‘s author index to currentmedical literature from 1900 to 1914, inclusive, fails to record anyarticles by dr williams in medical journals dr williams’ articles, however, in popular magazines have been voluminous and numerous essaytimes his articles have been under his own name and essaytimesunder the nom de plume, “stoddard goodhue, m d ” under the latter namethe cosmopolitan published articles on “adding years to your life, ”“battle of the microbes, ” “do you choose your children?. ” and “what isthe matter with your brain?. ” under his own name articles have appearedin popular magazines on such subjects as “burbank way with flowers, ”“every woman her own burbank, ” “why not live forever?. ” “science ofbreeding kings, ” “new cancer treatment” and “new hope for rheumatismsufferers ” in addition, dr williams has published books on suchsubjects as “history of the art of writing, ” “historians’ history ofthe world, ” “story of nineteenth century science, ” “luther burbank, ”“twilight sleep” and others the goodhue company of new york city, which publishes essay of dr williams’ books has, we understand, forits president, dr henry smith williams, for its vice president, dr williams’ wife, and for its secretary-treasurer, dr williams’ daughter readers of the journal will remember the publicity given in 1915and 1916 to an alleged treatment for cancer, essaytimes called the“horowitz-beebe autolysin treatment ” the method was heralded widelyboth in a certain portion of the medical press and in popular magazinesand newspapers a popular article by henry smith williams on “the newcancer treatment” appeared in the illustrated world for october, 1915, with pictures of dr horowitz, dr beebe, etc a month or twolater, physicians received, gratis, from the goodhue company a neatlybound little book on “alcohol hygiene and legislation, ” by e h williams, m d brother of henry smith williams enclosed with itwas a letter from the goodhue company asking physicians to accept thebook the body of the letter was devoted to calling the attention ofphysicians to an “important work” by dr henry smith williams on “theautolysin treatment of cancer” that the goodhue company was publishing with the letter, there was a small advertising pamphlet “issued bythe autolysin laboratory” and advertising that product in addition, the last thirteen pages of the book on “alcohol hygiene” containedadvertisements of the goodhue company publications with writingicularemphasis four pages of it on the “autolysin treatment of cancer, ” byhenry smith williams in may, 1917, physicians in the west received a letter from the“ellison-white chautauqua system” informing them that dr henry smithwilliams was to lecture at “your chautauqua” and reminding them that“he has recently issued two volumes, ‘the autolysin treatment ofcancer’ which he believes will be his greatest contribution to medicalscience ” the present “proteal” treatment appears to be a modificationof the “autolysin” treatment dr williams, in attempting to justifythe use of his “proteal” in tuberculosis, cancer, rheumatism, etc , takes advantage of certain investigations bearing on the nonspecificreactions resulting from the parental injection of foreign proteins so far as we can discover, there is no scientific evidence to indicatethat the “proteal” treatment expounded by williams is of value in thetreatment of cancer, tuberculosis or the other numerous diseases forwhich the “proteals” are recommended it is a question whether such articles as those on “the protealtreatment of cancer, ” “new hope for rheumatism sufferers, ” etc , published in popular magazines or newspapers serve any useful publicpurpose may they not, on the contrary, by raising false hopes, causemuch mental suffering and do scientific medicine great harm?. -- fromthe journal a m a , july 6, 1918 proteogens commercial therapeuticsmm see index for additional articles on proteogens a report of the council on pharmacy and chemistry that appearselsewhere253 in this book deals with another attempt to foist onour profession a series of essentially secret preparations whosetherapeutic value has not been scientifically demonstrated grotesquelyextravagant claims are advanced as to the therapeutic potency andrange of action of substances of whose nature and effects we haveno trustworthy information physicians are advised to use-- and thesisundoubtedly are using-- these alleged remedies in the treatment ofdiseases in which delay in the proper kind of treatment may be ofthe greatest danger to the patient as stated, there is availableno reliable information regarding the effects of these substanceswhen they are introduced in the human body they may have no effectwhatever, or they may produce more or less direct injury. In eithercase, there is the chance that damage, even irreparable to the patient, may result because rational treatment is withheld 253 page 227 if we accept the statement that the preparations are largely vegetableproteins, it is a fair inference that, under certain conditions, they may cause a febrile reaction of the same general nature as thatcaused by other foreign proteins when injected into the body we knowthat such reactions are not without danger and that the treatment ofcertain infections by induced reactions to foreign proteins is strictlyan experimental procedure to be undertaken only under very specialconditions there is, therefore, no known valid reason why a physicianshould assume the responsibility for using these alleged remedies inthe treatment of his patients. There is a very obvious reason why heshould not-- the therapeutic instructions of “the house of merrell, always interested in the progress of plant therapy” to the contrarynotwithstanding it is the old story of exploiting physicians throughcommercial pseudoscience.

A record of the diplomas certified must be presented by thestate board of health, and copies thereof, certified by the secretary, microeconomics homework help are received in evidence the state board of health is requiredto certify the diploma of any medical institution of credit andrespectability without regard to its system of therapeutics and whetherthe same be regular, homœopathic, or eclectic act 1882, no 31, s 1 the affidavit required by sec 1 must be recorded in the office of theclerk of the district court of the parish. The clerk must certify therecordation by indorsement on the original affidavit, which the affiantmust transmit to the state board of health. A copy of the originalaffidavit, duly certified by the clerk of the court, is admissible inevidence 2 exceptions - the provisions of the act do not apply to femalepractitioners of midwifery as such, nor to persons who had beenpractising medicine or surgery in the state without diplomas for fiveyears prior to the passage of the act, nor to persons who had beenpractising medicine or surgery from a regularly incorporated medicalinstitution of reputable standing in america or in europe, for tenyears prior to the passage of the act, provided such a practitionermake affidavit before a judge, justice of the peace, notary public, or the clerk of the court of the parish wherein he resides, settingforth the full name of the affiant, the date and place of his birth, the date of his diploma, if he have any, the name and locality of theinstitution by which it was made, the date and place where he began thepractice of medicine in louisiana, and the names of the places where hemay have previously practised medicine or surgery such affidavit mustbe transmitted or delivered to the state board of health, and entitlesthe affiant to be placed on the list of registered physicians orsurgeons the state board of health must preserve said affidavits, anda copy signed by the secretary is received in evidence by the courts to make a false affidavit is perjury 3 evidence - a copy of the affidavit recorded by the clerk of thedistrict court, certified by him, is prima facie evidence that theperson making the affidavit is a duly registered physician or surgeon, and a certified copy of the original affidavit filed with the stateboard of health, or a certificate emanating from the said board, thatthe name of the person mentioned in the certificate is on the list ofregistered physicians and surgeons, is conclusive evidence s 4 it is the duty of the state board of health to publish annually in theofficial journal of the state, and if there is none, in one of thedaily newspapers published in new orleans, a list of the registeredphysicians and surgeons, and their places of residence, and suchpublished list is evidence in the courts that the person is dulyregistered the board is required to strike from said list the namesof persons convicted of any infamous crimes by any court of this stateor of the united states, or of any state of the united states, whetherprior or posterior to registration. And is empowered to strike from thelist persons who die after registration 5 civil penalty - a practitioner of medicine or surgery failing to complywith this act shall not be exempt from military or jury duty, nor bepermitted to collect fees for services rendered, nor be allowed totestify as a medical or surgical expert in legal or state medicine, in any court, nor to execute any certificate as surgeon or physician, nor to hold any medical office, nor to be recognized by the state, orany parish, or municipal corporation, as a physician or surgeon, norentitled to enjoy any of the privileges, rights, or exemptions grantedto physicians and surgeons by the laws of this state. And shall forfeit$100 for each violation, to be recovered in a civil action in the nameof and for the benefit of the charity hospital at new orleans, and inaddition shall be subject to criminal prosecution 6 exceptions - the act is not applicable to practitioners of medicine orsurgery residing and practising in other states, who may be summoned inspecial instances to attend patients in the state of louisiana by anyregistered physician 7 penalty - whoever shall practise or offer to practise medicine orsurgery, for pay, without complying with the foregoing act, is guiltyof a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not less than $50 orimprisonment for not more than three months, or both, at the discretionof the court act 1886, no 55, s 1 no criminal prosecution shall bar the imposition of a fine by civilprocess, nor shall the imposition of such fine bar criminal prosecution2 exceptions - this act is not applicable to practitioners of medicine orsurgery residing and practising in other states, who may be summonedin special instances to attend patients in the state by any registeredphysician 3 fees - to board of health, for every diploma certified, 50 cents1 to officer before whom affidavit is made, 50 cents 2, 3 recording same, $1 2 to clerk of court, for copy of original affidavit, 50 cents s 2 to state board of health, for copy of original affidavit, 50 cents3 maine qualification, penalty - no person who has not received a medicaldegree at a public medical institution in the united states, or alicense from the maine medical association, shall recover compensationfor medical or surgical services, unless previous to such service hehad obtained a certificate of good moral character from the municipalofficers of the town where he then resided rev stats , 1883, c 13, s 9 maryland qualification - by the act of 1892, c 296, s 1, 39, it is providedthat every person not now practising medicine and surgery, who shallhereafter begin to practise medicine and surgery in any of itsdewritingments, shall possess the qualifications required by the act there are two boards of examiners, representing the medical andchirurgical faculty of the state and the state homœopathic medicalsociety respectively. Each consists of seven members, appointedrespectively by those societies, physicians actually engaged in thepractice of medicine, and of recognized ability and honor. But nophysician having a pecuniary interest in the trade of pharmacy can beappointed 2 suitable provisions must be made by each examining board to prepare aschedule of written examination upon anatomy, physiology, chemistry, surgery, practice of medicine, materia medica and therapeutics, obstetrics, gynæcology, pathology, medical jurisprudence and hygiene;the same standard of excellence is required from all candidates. Intherapeutics and practice, the questions must be in harmony with thetenets of the school selected by the candidate. And the standardof acquirements therein is established by each board itself theexamination must be fundamental in character and such as can beanswered in common by all schools of practice 1, 42 application for license is made in writing to the president of eitherboard of medical examiners which the applicant may elect, withsatisfactory proof that the applicant is more than twenty-one years ofage, is of good moral character, has obtained a competent common-schooleducation, and has either received a diploma conferring the degreeof doctor of medicine from essay legally incorporated medical collegein the united states, or a diploma or license conferring the fullright to practise all the branches of medicine and surgery in essayforeign country, and has also both studied medicine three years andattended three courses of lectures in different years in essay legallyincorporated medical college or colleges prior to the granting ofthe diploma or foreign license. Two courses of medical lectures bothbegun or completed within the same calendar year do not satisfy therequirement. This condition is not applicable to students who shall bein their second year in a medical college, nor to physicians practisingat the time of the passage of the act such proof is made, if required, upon affidavit, upon making the application and proof and payment ofthe fee the president of the board, if satisfied, must direct thesecretary to issue an order for examination, and when the applicantshall have passed an examination as to proficiency satisfactory to theboard, the president must grant a license to practise medicine andsurgery 1, 43 all of the examinations are conducted so that the name, school ofgraduation, and preparatory training of the applicant shall not be madeknown to the board till his examination papers have been graded anapplicant receiving a majority of the votes of the board is consideredto have passed a satisfactory examination and is entitled to a license1, 44 the board must refuse a license to an applicant radically deficient inany essential branch in case of a failure, the candidate must havethe privilege, after the expiration of one year from his rejection, ofanother examination by the board to which his application was firstmade 1, 46 a license, or a certified copy, must be filed with the clerk of thecircuit court of the county or city in which the licensee may practise;the number of the book and page containing the recorded copy must benoted in the body of license evidence - the records have the same weight as evidence that is givento the record of conveyances of land 1, 48 exceptions - the act does not apply to commissioned surgeons of theunited states army, navy, or marine hospital service, to physiciansor surgeons in actual consultation from other states, nor to personstemporarily practising under the supervision of an actual medicalpreceptor, nor to a midwife or person who may render gratuitousservices in case of emergency 1, 49, 51 penalty - practising, or attempting to practise, without a license isa misdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $200 for eachoffence, with confinement in jail, in default of payment, till fineand costs are paid. A person so practising is debarred from recoveringcompensation 1, 50 fees - to secretary of board, before examination, $10 1, 45 to clerk of court, for registration, $1 1, 48 massachusetts in massachusetts there is no statute upon this subject michigan qualification - it is unlawful to practise medicine or surgery or anybranch except dentistry, without the prescribed qualifications andregistration in the office of the county clerk laws 1883, c 167, s 1 a person who was practising when the law took effect, and had beenpractising continuously for at least five years prior thereto in thestate, is deemed qualified to practise medicine after registration2, as amended 1887, c 268 a graduate of a legally authorized medical college in the state, orany of the united states, or any other country, is deemed qualified topractise medicine and surgery in all dewritingments after registration a student or undergraduate is not prohibited from practising withand under the immediate supervision of a person legally qualified topractise medicine and surgery ib a person qualified registers by filing with the county clerk of thecounty where he practises, or intends to practise, a sworn statementsetting forth, if actually engaged in practice, the length of timehe has been engaged in such continuous practice.

The terms barbital andbarbital sodium for the substances first introduced as “veronal” and“veronal sodium, ” and the word procain as the name for the compoundfirst marketed as “novocain ” in issuing licenses for the use of thepatents on these drugs, the commission stipulated that the drugsshould be sold under the new american title unless the firm desired touse a new trade designation, in which case the titles chosen by thecommission should be given equal prominence the council on pharmacyand chemistry has cooperated with the federal trade commission andhas adopted the new names as the descriptive names which appear innew and nonofficial remedies the chemical foundation, inc , whichhas purchased essay 4, 500 german-owned patents, thesis of them forsynthetic drugs, proposes to continue the wise policy of the federaltrade commission by requiring that those who receive licenses for theuse of patents for synthetic drugs must use a common designation foreach drug selected by the foundation “cinchophen” has been selectedas the designation for the substance introduced as “atophan” alsodescribed in the u s pharmacopeia under “phenylcinchoninic acid” inconsideration of this action on the writing of the chemical foundation, and also because physicians found it difficult to use the pharmacopeianame “phenylcinchoninic acid, ” the council on pharmacy and chemistryhas recognized the contracted term “cinchophen” as a name for the drugintroduced as “atophan ” it is hoped that physicians will supportthis simplified and nonproprietary nomenclature in the same spiritwith which they adopted the terms “arsphenamin, ” “barbital” and“procain ”-- editorial from the journal a m a , aug 9, 1919 “collosols”. An uncritical english endorsementunder the auspices of the british association for the advancement ofscience, there has just appeared a report on the present status ofcolloid chemistry 247 the work has been recognized as sufficientlyimportant to receive the endorsement of the government dewritingmentof scientific and industrial research of writingicular interest tophysicians is the chapter on “administration of colloids in disease”written by alfred b searle, “consulting chemist, sheffield ” after aessaywhat academic generalization of colloidal drugs, the “thesis” isdevoted largely to the “collosols”-- proprietary preparations made bythe crookes laboratories the “scientific” evidence presented by searlefor colloids in medicine reads as if the advertising literature of thecrookes concern had been considered ample source of information thus:“colloidal manganese, ” besides having been “used with remarkable andsurprising results in the treatment of coccogenic skin diseases, gives excellent results in impetigo, chronic seborrheic eczema andacute folliculitis when employed in conjunction with intramine”!. thegrave danger of the intramine therapy has been known for more than twoyears, both here and abroad, 248 in fact, one author stated that inpaper of intramine injections, “the pain is undiluted torture ” in astyle as bombastic and verbose as the usual house-organ write-up, thereport recklessly details all sorts of conditions in which so-calledcolloids-- and writingicularly the “collosol” brand-- have been recommended, but derogatory findings are conspicuous by their omission even sirmalcolm morris is quoted as lending his name and title to theendorsement of “collosols ”247 british association for the advancement of science second reporton colloid chemistry published for the dewritingment of scientific andindustrial research by his majesty stationery office 248 ferrivine, intramine and collosol iodine, j a m a 69:841 sept 8 1917 in the united states the medical profession has created a means wherebyphysicians need not be misled by such “high” authorities as evidentlyhas been the case with our english confrères once more the value ofthe council on pharmacy and chemistry is strikingly manifested whatare the facts about “collosols”?. the council has reported that a numberof the “collosol” preparations were not colloids at all, and “if injected intravenously as directed, death might result, making thephysician morally if not legally liable”;249 that in the paper inwhich the therapeutic claims were examined, the claims were found to beeither exceedingly improbable or exaggerated. Furthermore, that thea m a chemical laboratory found “collosol cocaine, ” on analysis, tocontain only 40 per cent of the claimed amount of cocain 250249 collosol preparations, j a m a 72:1694 june 7 1919 250 collosol cocaine not admitted to n n r , j a m a 72. 1094 april 12 1919 such are the findings which have been presented to the americanphysician but the british physician is now being made the object ofan intensive advertising campaign for “collosols, ” based in writing onan uncritical, pseudogovernmental endorsement just so long as theenglish profession will not protect itself by creating a competentboard to examine and judge proprietary medicines and to controlmethods of exploitation, just so long will such extravagant and evencruelly misleading claims continue to impede scientific progress intherapeutics -- editorial from the journal a m a , oct 18, 1919 collosol manganese to the editor:-- has anything been published on the efficacy of “collosol manganese” in malaria?. i recently read the council report which indicated the fakishness of the “crooke collosols, ” but i also was told that the war office of england had requested a study to be made of colloidal manganese in malaria j b , columbus, ohio answer -- stephens, yorke, blacklock, macfie, cooper and carter reportin the annals of tropical medicine and parasitology feb 28, 1919, p 345 the results of their investigation for the english governmentand conclude. “collosol manganese in the doses used is of no valuein the treatment of simple tertian malaria ”-- query in the journala m a , may 3, 1919 cotton process ether to the editor:-- please let me know what information you have about the enclosed clipping?. e w carpenter, m d , greenville, s c to the editor:-- “cotton process ether, ” manufactured by the du pont co , has been given considerable notoriety in the lay press a letter of inquiry addressed to the firm elicits the information that “cotton process ether is a very highly refined di-ethyl ether charged with ethylene gas ” what is your opinion of the “cotton process ether”?. has the council on pharmacy and chemistry investigated this product?.

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It also provokes strong vomits, and helps the pains of thesides, and swelling of the spleen, cleanses also the reins or kidneysand bladder of the stone, provokes urine abundantly, and hinders thegrowing again of the stone in the body the continual use of the powderof the leaves and seed doth cure the black jaundice the distilledwater of the flowers is profitable for all the same purposes. It alsohelps surfeit, and alters the fit of agues, if three or four ouncesthereof, with as much of the water of the lesser centaury, and alittle sugar put therein, be taken a little before the fit comes, andthe writingy be laid down to sweat in his bed the oil or water that isdrawn from the end of the green sticks heated in the fire, helps thetooth-ache the juice of young branches made into an ointment of oldhog grease, and anointed, or the young branches bruised and heatedin oil or hog grease, and laid to the sides pained by wind, as institches, or the spleen, ease them in once or twice using it the sameboiled in oil is the safest and surest medicine to kill lice in thehead or body of any. And is an especial remedy for joint aches, andswollen knees, that come by the falling down of humours the broom rape also is not without its virtues the decoction thereof in wine, is thought to be as effectual to voidthe stone in the kidney or bladder, and to provoke urine, as the broomitself the juice thereof is a singular good help to cure as well greenwounds, as old and filthy sores and malignant ulcers the insolate oil, wherein there has been three or four repetitions of infusion of the topstalks, with flowers strained and cleared, cleanses the skin from allmanner of spots, marks, and freckles that rise either by the heat ofthe sun, or the malignity of humours as for the broom and broom-rape, mars owns them, and is exceeding prejudicial to the liver, i supposeby reason of the antipathy between jupiter and mars. Therefore if theliver be disaffected, minister none of it buck-horn plantain descript this being sown of seed, rises up at first with small, long, narrow, hairy, dark green leaves like grass, without any divisionor gash in them, but those that follow are gashed in on both sides theleaves into three or four gashes, and pointed at the ends, resemblingthe knags of a buck horn whereof it took its name, and being wellwound round about the root upon the ground, in order one by another, thereby resembling the form of a star, from among which rise up divershairy stalks, about a hand breadth high, bearing every one a small, long spiky head, like to those of the common plantain having such likebloomings and seed after them the root is single, long and small, withdivers strings at it place they grow in sandy grounds, as in tothill-fields bywestminster, and divers other places of this land time they flower and seed in may, june, and july, and their greenleaves do in a manner abide fresh all the winter government and virtues it is under the dominion of saturn, and isof a gallant, drying, and binding quality this boiled in wine anddrank, and essay of the leaves put to the hurt place, is an excellentremedy for the biting of the viper or adder, which i take to be oneand the same the same being also drank, helps those that are troubledwith the stone in the reins or kidneys, by cooling the heat of thewriting afflicted, and strengthens them. Also weak stomachs that cannotretain, but cast up their meat it stays all bleeding both at mouth ornose. Bloody urine or the bloody-flux, and stops the lask of the bellyand bowels the leaves hereof bruised and laid to their sides that havean ague, suddenly ease the fits. And the leaves and roots applied tothe wrists, works the same effect the herb boiled in ale and wine, andgiven for essay mornings and evenings together, stays the distillationof hot and sharp rheums falling into the eyes from the head, and helpsall sorts of sore eyes buck horn it is called hart-horn, herba-stella and herba-stellaria, sanguinaria, herb-eve, herb-ivy, wort-tresses, and swine-cresses descript they have thesis small and weak straggled branches trailinghere and there upon the ground. The leaves are thesis, small and jagged, not much unlike to those of buck-horn plantain, but much smaller, and not so hairy the flowers grow among the leaves in small, rough, whitish clusters. The seeds are smaller and brownish, of a bitter taste place they grow in dry, barren, sandy grounds time they flower and seed when the rest of the plantains do government and virtues this is also under the dominion of saturn;the virtues are held to be the same as buck-horn plaintain, andtherefore by all authors it is joined with it the leaves bruised andapplied to the place, stop bleeding the herbs bruised and applied towarts, will make them consume and waste in a short time bugle besides the name bugle, it is called middle confound and middlecomfrey, brown bugle, and by essay sicklewort, and herb-carpenter;though in essex we call another herb by that name descript this has larger leaves than those of the self-heal, butelse of the same fashion, or rather longer. In essay green on the upperside, and in others more brownish, dented about the edges, essaywhathairy, as the square stalk is also which rises up to be half a yardhigh essaytimes, with the leaves set by couples, from the middle almost, whereof upwards stand the flowers, together with thesis smaller andbrowner leaves than the rest, on the stalk below set at distance, andthe stalk bare between them. Among which flowers, are also small onesof a blueish and essaytimes of an ash colour, fashioned like the flowersof ground-ivy, after which come small, round blackish seeds the rootis composed of thesis strings, and spreads upon the ground the white flowered bugle differs not in form or greatness from theformer, saving that the leaves and stalks are always green, and neverbrown, like the other, and the flowers thereof are white place they grow in woods, copses, and fields, generally throughoutengland, but the white flowered bugle is not so plentiful as the former time they flower from may until july, and in the mean time perfecttheir seed the roots and leaves next thereunto upon the ground abidingall the winter government and virtues this herb belongs to dame venus.