History

Mettaton Ex Essay


It helps the bloody flux, andhelps the abundance of women courses there is a syrup made of thejuice hereof and sugar, by the apothecaries of italy, and other places, which is of much account with them, to be given to those that aretroubled with the cough or phthisic the same also is singularly goodfor ruptures or burstings the green herb bruised and presently boundto any cut or wound, doth quickly solder the lips thereof and thejuice, decoction, or powder of the dried herb is most singular to staythe malignity of spreading and fretting cankers and ulcers whatsoever, yea in the mouth and secret writings the distilled water of the plant isavailable in all the diseases aforesaid, and to wash outward wounds andsores, by applying tents of cloths wet therein mugwort descript common mugwort hath divers leaves lying upon the ground, very much divided, or cut deeply in about the brims, essaywhat likewormwood, but much larger, of a dark green colour on the upper side, and very hoary white underneath the stalks rise to be four or fivefeet high, having on it such like leaves as those below, but essaywhatsmaller, branching forth very much towards the top, whereon are setvery small, pale, yellowish flowers like buttons, which fall away, andafter them come small seeds inclosed in round heads the root is longand hard, with thesis small fibres growing from it, whereby it takesstrong hold on the ground. But both stalks and leaves do lie down everyyear, and the root shoots anew in the spring the whole plant is of areasonable scent, and is more easily propagated by the slips than theseed place it grows plentifully in thesis places of this land, by thewater-sides. As also by small water courses, and in divers other places time it flowers and seeds in the end of summer government and virtues this is an herb of venus, thereforemaintains the writings of the body she rules, remedies the diseases ofthe writings that are under her signs, taurus and libra mugwort is withgood success put among other herbs that are boiled for women to applythe hot decoction to draw down their courses, to help the delivery ofthe birth, and expel the after-birth as also for the obstructions andinflammations of the mother it breaks the stone, and opens the urinarypassages where they are stopped the juice thereof made up with myrrh, and put under as a pessary, works the same effects, and so does theroot also being made up with hog grease into an ointment, it takesaway wens and hard knots and kernels that grow about the neck andthroat, and eases the pains about the neck more effectually, if essayfield daisies be put with it the herb itself being fresh, or the juicethereof taken, is a special remedy upon the overmuch taking of opium three drams of the powder of the dried leaves taken in wine, is aspeedy and the best certain help for the sciatica a decoction thereofmade with camomile and agrimony, and the place bathed therewith whileit is warm, takes away the pains of the sinews, and the cramp the mulberry-tree this is so well known where it grows, that it needs no description time it bears fruit in the months of july and august government and virtues mercury rules the tree, therefore are itseffects variable as his are the mulberry is of different writings. Theripe berries, by reason of their sweetness and slippery moisture, opening the body, and the unripe binding it, especially when they aredried, and then they are good to stay fluxes, lasks, and the abundanceof women courses the bark of the root kills the broad worms in thebody the juice, or the syrup made of the juice of the berries, helpsall inflammations or sores in the mouth, or throat, and palate of themouth when it is fallen down the juice of the leaves is a remedyagainst the biting of serpents, and for those that have taken aconite the leaves beaten with vinegar, are good to lay on any place that isburnt with fire a decoction made of the bark and leaves is good towash the mouth and teeth when they ache if the root be a little slitor cut, and a small hole made in the ground next thereunto, in theharvest-time, it will give out a certain juice, which being hardenedthe next day, is of good use to help the tooth-ache, to dissolve knots, and purge the belly the leaves of mulberries are said to stay bleedingat the mouth or nose, or the bleeding of the piles, or of a wound, being bound unto the places a branch of the tree taken when the moonis at the full, and bound to the wrists of a woman arm, whose coursescome down too much, doth stay them in a short space mullein descript common white mullein has thesis fair, large, woolly whiteleaves, lying next the ground, essaywhat larger than broad, pointed atthe end, and as it were dented about the edges the stalk rises up tobe four or five feet high, covered over with such like leaves, butless, so that no stalk can be seen for the multitude of leaves thereonup to the flowers, which come forth on all sides of the stalk, withoutany branches for the most writing, and are thesis set together in a longspike, in essay of a yellow colour, in others more pale, consisting offive round pointed leaves, which afterwards have small round heads, wherein is small brownish seed contained the root is long, white, andwoody, perishing after it hath borne seed place it grows by way-sides and lanes, in thesis places of this land time it flowers in july or thereabouts government and virtues it is under the dominion of saturn a smallquantity of the root given in wine, is commended by dioscorides, against lasks and fluxes of the belly the decoction hereof drank, isprofitable for those that are bursten, and for cramps and convulsions, and for those that are troubled with an old cough the decoctionthereof gargled, eases the pains of the tooth-ache and the oil madeby the often infusion of the flowers, is of very good effect for thepiles the decoction of the root in red wine or in water, if there bean ague wherein red hot steel hath been often quenched, doth stay thebloody-flux the same also opens obstructions of the bladder and reins a decoction of the leaves hereof, and of sage, marjoram, and camomileflowers, and the places bathed therewith, that have sinews stiff withcold or cramps, doth bring them much ease and comfort three ounces ofthe distilled water of the flowers drank morning and evening for essaydays together, is said to be the most excellent remedy for the gout the juice of the leaves and flowers being laid upon rough warts, asalso the powder of the dried roots rubbed on, doth easily take themaway, but doth no good to smooth warts the powder of the dried flowersis an especial remedy for those that are troubled with the belly-ache, or the pains of the cholic the decoction of the root, and so likewiseof the leaves, is of great effect to dissolve the tumours, swellings, or inflammations of the throat the seed and leaves boiled in wine, andapplied, draw forth speedily thorns or splinters gotten into the flesh, ease the pains, and heal them also the leaves bruised and wrapped indouble papers, and covered with hot ashes and embers to bake a while, and then taken forth and laid warm on any blotch or boil happening inthe groin or share, doth dissolve and heal them the seed bruised andboiled in wine, and laid on any member that has been out of joint, andnewly set again, takes away all swelling and pain thereof mustard descript our common mustard hath large and broad rough leaves, verymuch jagged with uneven and unorderly gashes, essaywhat like turnipleaves, but less and rougher the stalk rises to be more than a foothigh, and essaytimes two feet high, being round, rough, and branched atthe top, bearing such like leaves thereon as grow below, but lesser, and less divided, and divers yellow flowers one above another at thetops, after which come small rough pods, with small, lank, flat ends, wherein is contained round yellowish seed, sharp, hot, and biting uponthe tongue the root is small, long, and woody when it bears stalks, and perishes every year place this grows with us in gardens only, and other manured places time it is an annual plant, flowering in july, and the seed is ripein august government and virtues it is an excellent sauce for such whoseblood wants clarifying, and for weak stomachs, being an herb of mars, but naught for choleric people, though as good for such as are aged, or troubled with cold diseases aries claims essaything to do with it, therefore it strengthens the heart, and resists poison let such whosestomachs are so weak they cannot digest their meat, or appetite it, take of mustard-seed a dram, cinnamon as much, and having beaten themto powder, and half as much mastich in powder, and with gum arabicdissolved in rose-water, make it up into troches, of which they maytake one of about half a dram weight an hour or two before meals. Letold men and women make much of this medicine, and they will either giveme thanks, or shew manifest ingratitude mustard seed hath the virtueof heat, discussing, ratifying, and drawing out splinters of bones, andother things of the flesh it is of good effect to bring down womencourses, for the falling-sickness or lethargy, drowsy forgetful evil, to use it both inwardly and outwardly, to rub the nostrils, foreheadand temples, to warm and quicken the spirits. For by the fiercesharpness it purges the brain by sneezing, and drawing down rheum andother viscous humours, which by their distillations upon the lungs andchest, procure coughing, and therefore, with essay, honey added thereto, doth much good therein the decoction of the seed made in wine, anddrank, provokes urine, resists the force of poison, the malignity ofmushrooms, and venom of scorpions, or other venomous creatures, if itbe taken in time. And taken before the cold fits of agues, alters, lessens, and cures them the seed taken either by itself, or with otherthings, either in an electuary or drink, doth mightily stir up bodilylust, and helps the spleen and pains in the sides, and gnawings in thebowels. And used as a gargle draws up the palate of the mouth, beingfallen down. And also it dissolves the swellings about the throat, ifit be outwardly applied being chewed in the mouth it oftentimes helpsthe tooth-ache the outward application hereof upon the pained placeof the sciatica, discusses the humours, and eases the pains, as alsothe gout, and other joint aches. And is much and often used to easepains in the sides or loins, the shoulder, or other writings of the body, upon the plying thereof to raise blisters, and cures the disease bydrawing it to the outward writings of the body it is also used to helpthe falling off the hair the seed bruised mixed with honey, andapplied, or made up with wax, takes away the marks and black and bluespots of bruises, or the like, the roughness or scabbiness of the skin, as also the leprosy, and lousy evil it helps also the crick in theneck the distilled water of the herb, when it is in the flower, ismuch used to drink inwardly to help in any of the diseases aforesaid, or to wash the mouth when the palate is down, and for the disease ofthe throat to gargle, but outwardly also for scabs, itch, or other thelike infirmities, and cleanses the face from morphew, spots, freckles, and other deformities the hedge-mustard descript this grows up usually but with one blackish green stalk, tough, easy to bend, but not to break, branched into divers writings, andessaytimes with divers stalks, set full of branches, whereon grow long, rough, or hard rugged leaves, very much tore or cut on the edges inthesis writings, essay bigger, and essay less, of a dirty green colour theflowers are small and yellow, that grow on the tops of the branches inlong spikes, flowering by degrees.

As also to make a greatonion hollow, filling the place with good treacle, mettaton ex essay and after to roastit well under the embers, which, after taking away the outermost skinthereof, being beaten together, is a sovereign salve for either plagueor sore, or any other putrefied ulcer the juice of onions is good foreither scalding or burning by fire, water, or gunpowder, and used withvinegar, takes away all blemishes, spots and marks in the skin. Anddropped in the ears, eases the pains and noise of them applied alsowith figs beaten together, helps to ripen and break imposthumes, andother sores leeks are as like them in quality, as the pome-water is like an apple:they are a remedy against a surfeit of mushrooms, being baked underthe embers and taken, and being boiled and applied very warm, helpthe piles in other things they have the same property as the onions, although not so effectual orpine descript common orpine rises up with divers rough brittle stalks, thick set with fat and fleshy leaves, without any order, and littleor nothing dented about the edges, of a green colour. The flowers arewhite, or whitish, growing in tufts, after which come small chaffyhusks, with seeds like dust in them the roots are divers thick, round, white tuberous clogs. And the plant grows not so big in essay places asin others where it is found place it is frequent in almost every county of this land, and ischerished in gardens with us, where it grows greater than that which iswild, and grows in shadowy sides of fields and woods time it flowers about july, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues the moon owns the herb, and he that knowsbut her exaltaration, knows what i say is true orpine is seldom usedin inward medicines with us, although tragus saith from experience ingerthesis, that the distilled water thereof is profitable for gnawingsor excoriations in the stomach or bowels, or for ulcers in the lungs, liver, or other inward writings, as also in the matrix, and helps allthose diseases, being drank for certain days together it stays thesharpness of humours in the bloody-flux, and other fluxes in the body, or in wounds the root thereof also performs the like effect it isused outwardly to cool any heat or inflammation upon any hurt or wound, and eases the pains of them. As, also, to heal scaldings or burnings, the juice thereof being beaten with essay green sallad oil, andanointed the leaf bruised, and laid to any green wound in the hand orlegs, doth heal them quickly. And being bound to the throat, much helpsthe quinsy. It helps also ruptures and burstenness if you please tomake the juice thereof into a syrup with honey or sugar, you may safelytake a spoonful or two at a time, let my author say what he will fora quinsy, and you shall find the medicine pleasant, and the cure speedy parsley this is so well known, that it needs no description government and virtues it is under the dominion of mercury. Is verycomfortable to the stomach. Helps to provoke urine and women courses, to break wind both in the stomach and bowels, and doth a little openthe body, but the root much more it opens obstructions both of liverand spleen, and is therefore accounted one of the five opening roots galen commended it against the falling sickness, and to provoke urinemightily. Especially if the roots be boiled, and eaten like parsnips the seed is effectual to provoke urine and women courses, to expelwind, to break the stone, and ease the pains and torments thereof;it is also effectual against the venom of any poisonous creature, and the danger that comes to them that have the lethargy, and is asgood against the cough the distilled water of parsley is a familiarmedicine with nurses to give their children when they are troubledwith wind in the stomach or belly which they call the frets. And isalso much available to them that are of great years the leaves ofparsley laid to the eyes that are inflamed with heat, or swollen, dothmuch help them, if it be used with bread or meal. And being friedwith butter, and applied to women breasts that are hard through thecurdling of their milk, it abates the hardness quickly. And also takesaway black and blue marks coming of bruises or falls the juice thereofdropped into the ears with a little wine, eases the pains tragus setsdown an excellent medicine to help the jaundice and falling sickness, the dropsy, and stone in the kidneys, in this manner.

A spoonful in a morning is a precious remedyfor children troubled with that disease men that are troubled with thespleen, which is known by pain and hardness in their left side, maytake three or four spoonfuls, they shall find this one receipt worththe price of the whole book syrupus de stœchade syrup of stœchas college take of stœchas flowers four ounces, rosemary flowers halfan ounce, thyme, calaminth, origanum, of each an ounce and an half, sage, bettony, of each half an ounce, the seeds of rue, peony, andfennel, of each three drams, spring water ten pounds, boil it till halfbe consumed, and with honey and sugar, of each two pounds, boil it intoa syrup, which perfume with cinnamon, ginger, and calmas aromaticus, ofeach two drams tied up in a rag syrupus de symphyto or syrup of comfrey college take of roots and tops of comfrey, the greater and lesser, of each three handfuls, red roses, bettony, plantain, burnet, knotgrass, scabious, colt foot, of each two handfuls, press the juiceout of them all, being green and bruised, boil it, scum it, and strainit, add its weight of sugar to it that it may be made into a syrup, according to art culpeper the syrup is excellent for all inward wounds and bruises, excoriations, vomitings, spittings, or evacuation of blood, it unitesbroken bones, helps ruptures, and stops the menses. You cannot err intaking of it syrupus violarum or syrup of violets college take of violet flowers fresh and picked, a pound, clearwater made boiling hot, two pounds, shut them up close together intoa new glazed pot, a whole day, then press them hard out, and in twopounds of the liquor dissolve four pounds and three ounces of whitesugar, take away the scum, and so make it into a syrup without boiling syrup of the juice of violets, is made with its double weight of sugar, like the former culpeper this syrup cools and moistens, and that very gently, itcorrects the sharpness of choler, and gives ease in hot vices of thebreast, it quenches thirst in acute fevers, and resist the heat of thedisease. It comforts hot stomachs exceedingly, cools the liver andheart, and resists putrefaction, pestilence, and poison college julep of violets is made of the water of violet flowersand sugar, like julep of roses culpeper it is cooling and pleasant purging syrups syrupus de cichorio cum rhubarbaro or syrup of succory with rhubarb college take of whole barley, the roots of smallage, fennel, andsparagus, of each two ounces, succory, dandelyon, endive, smoothsow-thistles, of each two handfuls, lettuce, liverwort, fumitory, topsof hops, of each one handful, maiden-hair, white and black, cetrachs, liquorice, winter cherries, dodder, of each six drams, to boil thesetake sixteen pounds of spring water, strain the liquor, and boil init six pounds of white sugar, adding towards the end six ounces ofrhubarb, six drams of spikenard, bound up in a thin slack rag the whichcrush often in boiling, and so make it into a syrup according to art culpeper it cleanses the body of venemous humours, as boils, carbuncles, and the like. It prevails against pestilential fevers, itstrengthens the heart and nutritive virtue, purges by stool and urine, it makes a man have a good stomach to his meat, and provokes sleep but by my author leave, i never accounted purges to be proper physicin pestilential fevers. This i believe, the syrup cleanses the liverwell, and is exceeding good for such as are troubled with hypocondriacmelancholy the strong may take two ounces at a time, the weak, one, oryou may mix an ounce of it with the decoction of senna syrupus de epithymo or syrup of epithimum college take of epithimum twenty drams, mirobalans, citron, andindian of each fifteen drams, emblicks, belloricks, polypodium, liquorice, agrick, thyme, calaminth, bugloss, stœchas of each sixdrams, dodder, fumitory, of each ten drams, red roses, annis-seeds andsweet fennel seeds of each two drams and an half, sweet prunes ten, raisins of the sun stoned four ounces, tamarinds two ounces and anhalf, after twenty-four hours infusion in ten pints of spring water, boil it away to six, then take it from the fire and strain it, and withfive pounds of fine sugar boil it into syrup according to art culpeper it is best to put in the dodder, stœchas and agarick, towards the latter end of the decoction it purges melancholy, andother humours, it strengthens the stomach and liver, cleanses the bodyof addust choler and addust blood, as also of salt humours, and helpsdiseases proceeding from these, as scabs, itch, tetters, ringworms, leprosy, &c a man may take two ounces at a time, or add one ounce tothe decoction of epithimum syrupus e floribus persicorum or syrup of peach-flowers college take of fresh peach-flowers a pound, steep them a whole dayin three pounds of warm water, then boil a little and strain it out, repeat this infusion five times in the same liquor, in three pounds ofwhich dissolve two pounds and an half of sugar and boil it into a syrup culpeper it is a gentle purger of choler, and may be given even infevers to draw away the sharp choleric humours syrupus de pomis purgans or syrup of apples purging college take of the juice of sweet smelling apples two pounds, thejuice of borrage and bugloss of each one pound and an half, senna twoounces, annis seeds half an ounce, saffron one dram, let the senna besteeped in the juices twenty-four hours, and after a boil or two strainit, and with two pounds of white sugar boil it to a syrup accordingto art, the saffron being tied up in a rag, and often crushed in theboiling culpeper the syrup is a cooling purge, and tends to rectify thedistempers of the blood, it purges choler and melancholy, and thereforemust needs be effectual both in yellow and black jaundice, madness, scurf, leprosy, and scabs, it is very gentle the dose is from oneounce to three, according as the body is in age and strength an ounceof it in the morning is excellent for such children as break out inscabs syrupus de pomis magistralis or syrup of apples magisterial college take of the juice and water of apples of each a poundand an half, the juice and water of borrage and bugloss of each nineounces, senna half a pound, annis seeds, and sweet fennel seeds, ofeach three drams, epithimum of crete, two ounces, agarick, rhubarb, ofeach half an ounce, ginger, mace, of each four scruples, cinnamon twoscruples, saffron half a dram, infuse the rhubarb and cinnamon awritingby itself, in white wine and juice of apples, of each two ounces, letall the rest, the saffron excepted, be steeped in the waters abovementioned, and the next day put in the juices, which being boiled, scummed, and strained, then with four ounces of white sugar boil itinto a syrup, crushing the saffron in it being tied up in a linen rag, the infusion of the rhubarb being added at the latter end culpeper out of doubt this is a gallant syrup to purge choler andmelancholy, and to resist madness syrupus de rhubarbaro or syrup of rhubarb college take of the best rhubarb and senna of each two ounces andan half, violet flowers a handful, cinnamon one dram and an half, ginger half a dram, bettony, succory and bugloss water of each onepound and an half, let them be mixed together warm all night, and inthe morning strained and boiled into a syrup, with two pounds of whitesugar, adding towards the end four ounces of syrup of roses culpeper it cleanses choler and melancholy very gently, and istherefore fit for children, old people, and weak bodies you may add anounce of it to the decoction of epithimum or to the decoction of senna syrupus rosaceus solutivus or syrup of roses solutive college take of spring water boiling hot four pounds, damask roseleaves fresh, as thesis as the water will contain. Let them remain twelvehours in infusion, close stopped. Then press them out and put in freshrose leaves. Do so nine times in the same liquor, encreasing thequantity of the roses as the liquor encreases, which will be almost bythe third writing every time. Take six writings of this liquor, and with fourwritings of white sugar, boil it to a syrup according to art culpeper it loosens the belly, and gently brings out choler andflegm, but leaves a binding quality behind it syrupus e succo rosarum or syrup of the juice of roses college it is prepared without steeping, only with the juice ofdamask roses pressed out, and clarified, and an equal proportion ofsugar added to it culpeper this is like the other syrupus rosaceus solutivus cum agarico or syrup of roses solutive with agarick college take of agarick cut thin an ounce, ginger two drams, sal gem one dram, polipodium bruised two ounces, sprinkle them with whitewine and steep them two days over warm ashes, in a pound and an half ofthe infusion of damask roses prescribed before, and with one pound ofsugar boil it into a syrup according to art culpeper it purges flegm from the head, relieves the sensesoppressed by it, provokes the menses, purges the stomach and liver, and provokes urine syrupus rosaceus solutivus cum helleboro or syrup of roses solutive with hellebore college take of the bark of all the myrobalans, of each fourounces, bruise them grossly, and steep them twenty-four hours in twelvepounds of the infusion of roses before spoken, senna, epithimum, polypodium of the oak, of each four ounces, cloves an ounce, citronseeds, liquorice, of each four ounces, the bark of black helleboreroots six drams, let the fourth writing of the liquor gently exhale, strain it, and with five pounds of sugar, and sixteen drams of rhubarbtied up in a linen rag, make it into a syrup according to art culpeper the syrup, rightly used, purges melancholy, resistsmadness syrupus rosaceus solutivus cum senna or syrup of roses solutive with senna college take of senna six ounces, caraway, and sweet fennel seeds, of each three drams, sprinkle them with white wine, and infuse them twodays in three pounds of the infusion of roses aforesaid, then strainit, and with two pounds of sugar boil it into a syrup culpeper it purges the body of choler and melancholy, and expelsthe relics a disease hath left behind it. The dose is from one ounceto two, you may take it in a decoction of senna, it leaves a bindingquality behind it syrupus de spina cervina or syrup of purging thorn college take of the berries of purging thorn, gathered inseptember, as thesis as you will, bruise them in a stone mortar, andpress out the juice, let the fourth writing of it evaporate away in abath, then to two pounds of it add sixteen ounces of white sugar, boil it into a syrup, which perfume with mastich, cinnamon, nutmegs, anni-seeds in fine powder, of each three drams syrups made with vinegar and honey mel anthosatum or honey of rosemary flowers college take of fresh rosemary flowers a pound, clarified honeythree pounds, mix them in a glass with a narrow mouth, set them in thesun, keep them for use culpeper it hath the same virtues with rosemary flowers, to which irefer you, only by reason of the honey it may be essaywhat cleansing mel helleboratum or honey helleborated college take of white hellebore roots bruised a pound, clear waterfourteen pounds, after three days infusion, boil it till half beconsumed, then strain it diligently, and with three pounds of honey, boil it to the thickness of honey mel mercuriale or honey of mercury college boil three pounds of the juice of mercury, with two poundsof honey to the thickness of honey culpeper it is used as an emollient in clysters mel mororum, vel diamoron or honey of mulberries college take of the juice of mulberries and blackberries, beforethey be ripe, gathered before the sun be up, of each a pound and ahalf, honey two pounds, boil them to their due thickness culpeper it is vulgarly known to be good for sore mouths, as alsoto cool inflammations there mel nuceum, alias, diacarion et dianucum or honey of nuts college take of the juice of the outward bark of green walnuts, gathered in the dog days two pounds, boil it gently till it be thick, and with one pound of honey, boil it to the thickness of honey culpeper it is a good preservative in pestilential times, aspoonful being taken as soon as you are up mel passalatum or honey of raisins college take of raisins of the sun cleansed from the stones twopounds, steep them in six pounds of warm water, the next day boil ithalf away, and press it strongly, and with two pounds of honey, let theexpressed liquor boil to its thickness culpeper it is a pretty pleasing medicine for such as are inconsumptions, and are bound in body mel rosatum commune, sive foliatum or common honey of roses college take of red roses not quite open two pounds, honey sixpounds, set them in the sun according to art mel rosatum colatum or honey of roses strained college take of the best clarified honey ten pounds, juice of freshred roses one pound, set it handessayly over the fire, and when itbegins to boil, put in four pounds of fresh red roses, the whites beingcut off. The juice being consumed by boiling and stirring, strain itand keep it for use culpeper they are both used for diseases in the mouth mel rosatum solutivum or honey of roses solutive college take of the often infusion of damask roses five pounds, honey rightly clarified four pounds, boil it to the thickness of honey culpeper it is used as a laxative in clysters, and essay use it tocleanse wounds college after the same manner is prepared honey of the infusion ofred roses mel scilliticum or honey of squils college take one squil full of juice, cut in bits, and put it in aglass vessel, the mouth close stopped, and covered with a skin, set inthe sun forty days, to wit, twenty before and after the rising of thedog star, then open the vessel, and take the juice which lies at thebottom, and preserve it with the best honey college honey of violets is prepared like as honey of roses oxymel, simple college take of the best honey four pounds, clear water and whitewine vinegar, of each two pounds, boil them in an earthen vessel, taking the scum off with a wooden scummer, till it be come to theconsistence of a syrup culpeper it cuts flegm, and it is a good preparative against avomit oxymel compound college take of the bark of the root of fennel, smallage, parsley, bruscus, asparagus, of each two ounces, the seeds of fennel, smallage, parsley, annis, of each one ounce, steep them all the roots beingfirst cleansed and the seeds bruised in six pounds of clear waterand a pound and a half of wine vinegar, the next day boil it to theconsumption of the third writing, boil the rest being strained, with threepounds of honey into a liquid syrup according to art culpeper first having bruised the roots and seeds, boil them in thewater till half be consumed, then strain it and add the honey, and whenit is almost boiled enough, add the vinegar oxymel helleboratum or oxymel helleborated college take of rue, thyme, dittany of crete, hyssop, pennyroyal, horehound, carduus, the roots of celtick, spikenard without leaves, the inner bark of elders, of each a handful, mountain calaminth twopugils, the seeds of annis, fennel, bazil, roman nettles, dill, ofeach two drams, the roots of angelica, marsh-mallows, aron, squillsprepared, birthwort, long, round, and climbing, turbith, english orris, costus, polypodium, lemon pills, of each an ounce, the strings of blackhellebore, spurge, agerick, added at the end of the decoction, of eachtwo drams, the bark of white hellebore half an ounce, let all of thembeing dried and bruised, be digested in a glass, or glazed vesselclose stopped, in the heat of the sun, or of a furnace, posca, made ofequal writings of water and vinegar, eight pounds, sapa two ounces, threedays being expired, boil it little more than half away, strain it, pressing it gently, and add to the liquor a pound and a half of honeyroses, wherein two ounces of citron pills have been infused, boil it tothe thickness of honey, and perfume it with cloves, saffron, ginger, galanga, mace, of each a dram oxymel julianizans college take of the bark of caper roots, the roots of orris, fennel, parsley, bruscus, chicory, sparagus, cypress, of each half anounce, the leaves of harts-tongue, schænanth, tamarisk, of each half ahandful, sweet fennel seed half an ounce, infuse them in three poundsof posca, which is essaything sour, afterwards boil it till half beconsumed, strain it, and with honey and sugar clarified, of each half apound, boil it to the thickness of honey culpeper this medicine is very opening, very good againsthypocondriac melancholy, and as fit a medicine as can be for thatdisease in children called the rickets college oxymel of squills simple, is made of three pounds ofclarified honey. Vinegar of squills two pounds, boil them according toart culpeper it cuts and divides humours that are tough and viscous, and therefore helps the stomach and bowels afflicted by such humours, and sour belchings if you take but a spoonful in the morning, an ablebody will think enough oxymel scilliticum compositus or oxymel of squills compound college take of origanum, dried hyssop, thyme, lovage, cardamomsthe less, stœchas, of each five drams, boil them in three pounds ofwater to one, strain it and with two pounds of honey, honey of raisinshalf a pound, juice of briony five ounces, vinegar of squills a poundand a half, boil it, and scum it according to art culpeper this is good against the falling-sickness, megrim, head-ache, vertigo, or swimming in the head, and if these be occasionedby the stomach as thesis times they are, it helps the lungs obstructed byhumour, and is good for women not well cleansed after labour, it opensthe passage of the womb syrup of purslain mesue college take of the seeds of purslain grossly bruised, half apound, of the juice of endive, boiled and clarified, two pounds, sugartwo pounds, vinegar nine ounces, infuse the seeds in the juice ofendive twenty-four hours, afterwards boil it half away with a gentlefire, then strain it, and boil it with the sugar to the consistence ofa syrup, adding the vinegar towards the latter end of the decoction culpeper it is a pretty cooling syrup, fit for any hot diseaseincident to the stomach, reins, bladder, matrix, or liver. It thickensflegm, cools the blood, and provokes sleep you may take an ounce of itat a time when you have occasion compound syrup of colt-foot renod college take six handfuls of green colt-foot, two handfuls ofmaiden-hair, one handful of hyssop, and two ounces of liquorice, boilthem in four pints, either of rain or spring water till the fourth writingbe consumed, then strain it, and clarify it, to which add three poundsof white sugar, boil it to the perfect consistence of a syrup culpeper the composition is appropriated to the lungs, andtherefore helps the infirmities, weaknesses, or failings thereof aswant of voice, difficulty of breathing, coughs, hoarseness, catharrs, &c the way of taking it is with a liquorice-stick, or if you please, you may add an ounce of it to the pectoral decoction before mentioned syrup of poppies, the lesser composition college take of the heads of white poppies and black, when both ofthem are green, of each six ounces, the seeds of lettice, the flowersof violets, of each one ounce, boil them in eight pints of water tillthe virtue is out of the heads. Then strain them, and with four poundsof sugar boil the liquor to a syrup syrup of poppies, the greater composition college take of the heads of both white and black poppies, seedsand all, of each fifty drams, maiden-hair, fifteen drams, liquorice, five drams, jujubes, thirty by number, lettice seeds, forty drams, ofthe seeds of mallows and quinces, tied up in a thin linen cloth ofeach one dram and an half, boil these in eight pints of water tillfive pints be consumed, when you have strained out the three pintsremaining, add to them, penids and white sugar, of each a pound, boilthem into a syrup according to art culpeper all these former syrups of poppies provoke sleep, butin that, i desire they may be used with a great deal of caution andwariness.

It coolsinflammations, quenches st anthony fire, and stays defluxion of theblood to any writing of the body woodbine, or mettaton ex essay honey-suckles it is a plant so common, that every one that hath eyes knows it, and hethat hath none, cannot read a description, if i should write it time they flower in june, and the fruit is ripe in august government and virtues doctor tradition, that grand introducer oferrors, that hater of truth, lover of folly, and the mortal foe to dr reason, hath taught the common people to use the leaves or flowers ofthis plant in mouth-water, and by long continuance of time, hath sogrounded it in the brains of the vulgar, that you cannot beat it outwith a beetle. All mouth-waters ought to be cooling and drying, buthoney suckles are cleansing, consuming and digesting, and thereforefit for inflammations. Thus dr reason again if you please, we willleave dr reason a while, and come to dr experience, a learnedgentleman, and his brother take a leaf and chew it in your mouth, andyou will quickly find it likelier to cause a sore mouth and throatthan to cure it well then, if it be not good for this, what is itgood for?. it is good for essaything, for god and nature made nothing invain it is an herb of mercury, and appropriated to the lungs. Crabclaims dominion over it. Neither is it a foe to the lion. If the lungsbe afflicted by jupiter, this is your cure. It is fitting a conservemade of the flowers of it were kept in every gentlewoman house. Iknow no better cure for an asthma than this. Besides, it takes awaythe evil of the spleen, provokes urine, procures speedy deliveryof women in travail, helps cramps, convulsions, and palsies, andwhatsoever griefs come of cold or stopping. If you please to make useof it as an ointment, it will clear your skin of morphew, freckles, and sun-burnings, or whatsoever else discolours it, and then the maidswill love it authors say, the flowers are of more effect than theleaves, and that is true. But they say the seeds are least effectualof all but dr reason told me, that there was a vital spirit in everyseed to beget its like. And dr experience told me, that there was agreater heat in the seed than there was in any other writing of the plant;and withal, that heat was the mother of action, and then judge if olddr tradition who may well be honoured for his age, but not for hisgoodness hath not so poisoned the world with errors before i was born, that it was never well in its wits since, and there is a great fear itwill die mad wormwood three wormwoods are familiar with us. One i shall not describe, anotheri shall describe, and the third be critical at. And i care not greatlyif i begin with the last first sea wormwood hath gotten as thesis names as virtues, and perhaps onemore seriphian, santomeon, belchion, narbinense, hantonicon, misneule, and a matter of twenty more which i shall not blot paper withal apapist got the toy by the end, and he called it holy wormwood. And intruth i am opinion, their giving so much holiness to herbs, is thereason there remains so little in themselves the seed of this wormwoodis that which women usually give their children for the worms of allwormwoods that grow here, this is the weakest, but doctors commendit, and apothecaries sell it. The one must keep his credit, and theother get money, and that is the key of the work the herb is good foressaything, because god made nothing in vain. Will you give me leaveto weigh things in the balance of reason. Then thus.

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but must humanity wait mettaton ex essay a generation?. why notstop this evil at once?. the american medical association has providedthe means whereby this can be done, if physicians will only make useof it-- the council on pharmacy and chemistry -- editorial from thejournal a m a , july 12, 1919 an alleged endorsement of proteogens repudiatedto the editor:-- i note in the issue of the journal for july 12, astatement regarding the so-called “proteogens” manufactured by the wm s merrell company of cincinnati my attention has been called to the fact that salesmen of this companyhave been exhibiting a letter purporting to show that this dewritingmenthas endorsed their products in the treatment of venereal diseases the letter in question was written by a physician employed in one ofthe clinics conducted jointly by this dewritingment and the u s publichealth service, and the stationery of the dewritingment was used withoutauthority the physician in question has made numerous efforts torecall the letter, but the merrell people profess an inability tocontrol its use i need not add that this dewritingment has not endorsed and will notendorse these products, and has no evidence that they are of any valuewhatsoever allen w freeman, m d , commissioner of health, state of ohio, state dewritingment of health -- correspondence in the journal a m a , july 26, 1919 the manufacturer protest and a replyto the editor:-- allow us to direct your attention to severalmisstatements which appear in the letter signed, “allen w freeman, m d , commissioner of health, state of ohio, ” published in the journalof the american medical association for july 26 1 salesmen of this company have not been exhibiting a “letterpurporting to show that this dewritingment has endorsed their products inthe treatment of venereal diseases, ” as stated by dr freeman 2 the author of the letter has not “made numerous efforts to recallthe letter, but the merrell people profess an inability to control itsuse, ” as stated by dr freeman a physician employed in one of the clinics used our proteogens nos 10and 11 extensively and is still using them to a large extent in hisprivate practice he is a man of standing in the community in whichhe practices and is also a professor in one of the leading medicalcolleges in the state the letter in question cites the case of a man who had been undertreatment for three years with 606, 914 and most of the othertreatments in general use, and on august 31, a year ago, still gavea wassermann test plus 4 he was given proteogen no 10, and bythe middle of december the wassermann was negative and the man wasdischarged as cured while this letter was written on the stationery of the bureau ofvenereal diseases of the dewritingment of health, state of ohio, it waswritten in the first person, and made no pretension in any way to beingofficial nor was any such pretense made or authorized by the merrellcompany the author of the letter has not made “numerous efforts to recall theletter, ” nor has the merrell company “professed an inability to controlits use ”the physician did ask that the letter be returned to him, and hisrequest was complied with promptly then follows the full text of the letter in question as its contentshave no bearing on the question under discussion, it is omitted -- ed in over ninety-one years of honorable service as manufacturers ofmedicinal preparations, the wm s merrell company has never endeavoredto advance its interests through misrepresentation the wm s merrell company, chas g merrell, pres the letter above was submitted to dr allen w freeman, commissionerof health of the state of ohio dr freeman comments appearbelow -- ed to the editor:-- the plain issue of veracity raised in thecommunication of the merrell company must be settled on the evidence, which is unfortunately too voluminous to be published in full in thejournal copies of the correspondence in the case have been furnishedthe editor, and the originals are on file in the office of the statedewritingment of health in columbus 1 whether or not the photographic reproduction of a letter written onthe letter head of this dewritingment, and the distribution of copies tosalesmen for display to physicians, was a conscious effort on the writingof the firm in question to create the impression that the letter wasan official one is perhaps a matter of inference that it did createsuch an impression is evidenced by the letters of inquiry received fromphysicians who saw it 2 the statement that the merrell company refused to return theletter is perhaps erroneous they did apparently return the originalletter but not the photographic copies which had been distributed totheir salesmen on may 22 the firm wrote as follows. “a number of physicians who are in cooperation with both state and national bureaus of venereal diseases have been using our proteogens with marked success and there are doubtless thesis letters carried by our salesmen-- reports from essay of these physicians ”this was interpreted to mean that the firm had no method of knowingwhat letters were carried by their salesmen and was not responsible forthem whether or not this interpretation is correct is again, perhaps, a matter of opinion the purpose of the original communication was to make plain to thoseof the profession who have already seen or might subsequently see theletter referred to that the communication was the expression of anindividual and not of the dewritingment a w freeman, commissioner -- correspondence in the journal a m a , sept 6, 1919 details of the alleged endorsement of proteogensour readers will remember the recent correspondence published in thejournal of july 26 and september 6, by dr a w freeman, commissionerof health of the state of ohio and the wm s merrell co the lettersdealt with the use that had been made by the wm s merrell co of aletter, written on the official stationery of the bureau of venerealdiseases of the state dewritingment of health of ohio, puffing one of thecompany proprietary remedies-- proteogen no 10 dr freeman wrote to the journal calling the attention of theprofession to the use of this letter and explaining that the letterwas merely the expression of opinion of an individual, and not anexpression from the state dewritingment of health the wm s merrell co took exception to certain inferences made in dr freeman letter andin the course of a letter to the journal regarding this, incorporatedthe contents of the testimonial letter the journal, in publishingthe merrell letter, omitted this testimonial on the ground thatthe contents of the letter had no bearing on the question underdiscussion we have now received a letter from the company protesting against thisomission the journal, therefore, takes this opportunity of brieflyrestating such facts as it has been able to get regarding the entirematter and publishing the letter the facts are as follows:1 in february of this year a cincinnati physician, dr c j broeman, wrote to dr a s horovitz relative to alleged results with proteogenno 10 the letter was written-- without authority-- on the officialstationery of the bureau of venereal diseases of the state dewritingmentof health of ohio 2 the wm s merrell co had linen mounted photographs made of dr broeman letter and distributed them to their proteogen detail men accompanying these photographic copies was a communication to thesedetail men describing the photographed letter as one written by. “ a cincinnati physician who is now acting assistant surgeon, u s public health service, cooperating with the bureau of venereal diseases of the dewritingment of health of the state of ohio ”3 the right hand top corner of the official stationery, as can beseen by the reproduction, bore the name of “james d bauman, deputycommissioner ” dr broeman signature was rather illegible and couldeasily be mistaken, by those not knowing the handwriting of eitherman, for the signature of deputy commissioner bauman in at least oneinstance it was so mistaken, and the physician who was misled wrote tothe director of the bureau asking whether the testimonial for proteogenno 10 which had been shown him by the merrell detail man was really anofficial communication 4 on may 15, 1919, commissioner of health freeman wrote to themerrell co stating that he had been informed that one of the merrellrepresentatives was using as an advertisement a letter bearing theletterhead of the bureau of venereal diseases of the state dewritingmentof health and what purported to be a report signed by “mr bauman, deputy commissioner ”5 on may 19, the wm s merrell co wrote dr freeman that he wascertainly mistaken in regard to the use of any “report signed bymr bauman ” dr freeman then sent to the company the letter he hadreceived from the physician who had mistaken broeman letter for anofficial letter by bauman although it would seem that this letterand commissioner freeman protest should have made plain to the wm s merrell co , the fact that the letter, incorrectly referred toas mr bauman, was in reality dr broeman, the company remainedsilent regarding its use of the broeman letter and, on may 22, merelyreiterated that there had been “no letter circulated by this companycontaining a testimonial of your mr bauman ” on may 28 six dayslater the merrell company sent to its proteogen detail men anothergeneral letter, “for personal use of agents, ” in which it again calledtheir attention to the “photographic copy mounted on linen” of dr broeman letter this communication to the detail men also declaredthat it “has been suggested that the further use of dr broemanletter might antagonize the state dewritingment of health” and, thereforethe detail men were told to “discontinue using the photographic copy inquestion” and to return the photographs to the head office illustration.