History

Laws Of Life Essay


Boil the roots, herbs, and worms, in a pound and an half of winetill half be consumed, then press them out, and laws of life essay boil the decoctionagain with the oils, suets, litharge, and red lead, to the consumptionof the wine. Then add the gums dissolved in wine, afterwards theturpentine, rozin, pitch, and mastich, in powders and make them into aplaster according to art culpeper it strengthens the brain and nerves, and then beingapplied to the back, down along the bone, it must needs add strength tothe body emplastrum oxycroceum college take of saffron, ship-pitch, colophonia, yellow wax, of each four ounces, turpentine, galbanum, ammoniacum, myrrh, olibanum, mastich, of each one ounce and three drams let the pitchand colophonia be melted together, then add the wax, then it beingremoved from the fire the turpentine, afterwards the gums dissolved invinegar, lastly the saffron in powder, well mixed with vinegar, and somake it into a plaster according to art culpeper it is of a notable softening and discussing quality, helpsbroken bones, and any writing molested with cold, old aches, stiffness ofthe limbs by reason of wounds, ulcers, fractures, or dislocations, anddissipates cold swellings emplastrum stephaniaion college take of labdanum half an ounce, styrax, juniper gum, ofeach two drams, amber, cypress, turpentine, of each one dram, redcoral, mastich, of each half a dram, the flowers of sage, red roses, the roots of orris florentine, of each one scruple, rozin washedin rose-water half an ounce, the rozin, labdanum, juniper gum, andturpentine, being gently beaten in a hot mortar, with a hot pestle, sprinkling in a few drops of red wine till they are in a body. Thenput in the powders, and by diligent stirring make them into an exactplaster emplastrum sticticum college take of oil of olives six ounces, yellow wax an ounceand an half, litharge in powder four ounces and an half, ammoniacum, bdellium, of each half an ounce, galbanum, opopanax, oil of bays, lapis calaminaris, both sorts of birthwort, myrrh, frankincense, of each two drams, pure turpentine an ounce let the oil, wax, andlitharge be boiled together till it stick not to your fingers, thenthe mass being removed from the fire and cooled a little, and the gumsdissolved in white wine vinegar, which evaporate away by boiling, strain it strongly, then add the powders, turpentine, and oil of bays, that it may be made into a plaster according to art culpeper it strengthens the nerves, draws out corruption, takesaway pains and aches, and restores strength to members that have lostit. The last is most effectual emplastrum stomachicum magistrale or, a stomach plaster college take of mints, wormwood, stœchas, bay leaves, of each adram, marjoram, red roses, yellow sanders, of each two drams, calamusaromaticus, wood of aloes, lavender flowers, nutmegs, cubebs, galanga, long pepper, mace, of each a dram, mastich three drams, cloves twodrams and an half, oil of mints an ounce and an half, oil of nard anounce, oil of spike a dram, rozin, wax, of each four ounces, labdanumthree ounces, styrax half an ounce. Make it into a plaster culpeper both this and the other of that name which you shall haveby and by, strengthen the stomach exceedingly, help digestion and stayvomiting emplastrum ceroma, or, ceroneum nich alex college take of pitch scraped from a ship that hath been a longtime at sea, yellow wax, of each seven drams, sagapenum six drams, ammoniacum, turpentine, colophonia, saffron, of each four drams, aloes, olibanum, myrrh, of each three drams, styrax calamitis, mastich, opopanax, galbanum, alum, the seeds of fenugreek, of each two drams, the settlings or faces of liquid styrax, bdellium, of each one dram, litharge half a dram culpeper it is of a gentle emolient nature, prevails againststoppings of the stomach, coming of cold, hardness of the spleen, coldness of the liver and matrix emplastrum gratia dei nich or, the grace of god college take of turpentine half a pound, rozin one pound, white waxfour ounces, mastich an ounce, fresh betony, vervain, and burnet, ofeach one handful let the herbs, being bruised, be sufficiently boiledin white wine, the liquor pressed out, in which let the wax and rozinbe boiled to the consumption of the liquor.

Eyes congested laws of life essay. Frothy bloody liquid flowing from mouth andnose. Tongue behind teeth.

Seminal fluid, generallyprostatic, and essaytimes mixed with blood, is often expelled the fluidmay pass only into the urethra and it may be necessary to press theurethra to secure it the clitoris may be found erect, and there may bea sort of menstrual flow orfila showed by experiment that swelling ofthe sexual organs and emission of semen can be produced after death inthose who had been suspended during life the flow of semen is foundin all kinds of death by violence roth in 39 paper of hanging of menfound the penis enlarged 18 times and ejaculation in 19 hackel foundthe penis swollen in 43 per cent of paper of asphyxia erection maycome on soon or late, even days after death internal appearances - the connective tissue under the mark isusually white and condensed, the more so if the body has been longsuspended this dryness or condensation was found by hackel in 52 percent of hangings deeper-seated writings are injured only when the hanginghas been violently done the muscles, especially the sterno-mastoid, are essaytimes ruptured hofmann851 reports several paper lesser852 in 50 hangings saw 11 ruptures of muscle maschka never sawthe rupture in suicides the sterno-mastoid was ruptured in the caseof wirtz case 96 and guiteau case 95 hackel in 67 paper failed tofind the muscle ruptured hofmann853 believes that the rupture of themuscle is essaytimes post mortem coutagne854 found the sterno-mastoidmuscle ruptured once in 24 paper paper 29, 89, 95, 96 the larynx may be fractured or dislocated these lesions are veryrare in suicide. More frequent in homicide and judicial hanging, and in the old where the cartilages are calcareous remer found theinjury in but 1 case in 101 of suicidal hanging barker found thelarynx lacerated in his judicial paper 855 harvey says that thetrachea was reported lacerated 11 times in nearly 1, 500 paper. Twicethe laryngeal cartilages were separated from each other in 5 thesecartilages were fractured, but there was nothing to show under whatconditions hemorrhage in vicinity of larynx, 43 times pellier856reports 1 case, and adds that the existence of the lesion easilyescapes notice because of the mobility of the cornua roth in 49 paperfailed to find any fracture pellier found the cricoid was injuredoftener than the thyroid, which is the reverse of what is found instrangulation cavasse857 was unable to cause fracture of larynx byhanging the cadaver chailloux858 collected 6 paper of fracture oflarynx in hanging he concluded that the fracture could not be producedon the cadaver by hanging, and is, therefore, caused during life coutagne859 in 24 paper found fracture of thyroid cartilage 8 times paper 9, 51, 82 the hyoid bone is rarely dislocated orfila mentions a case offracture barker found the bone usually fractured in judicial paper in the case of wirtz supra the greater cornu was broken pellierreports 2 paper hofmann860 says the hyoid cornua are oftenfractured, especially when the ligature is between the hyoid bone andthyroid cartilage coutagne found fracture of hyoid bone 8 times in24 paper he attributed the fracture to pressure against the spine pellier speaks of fracture of styloid process paper 51, 84, 88, 89, 95, 96 dr barker, of melbourne, 861 states that in 50 paper of hanging bythe old method there was not one case of fracture or dislocation ofvertebræ after adopting his suggestion to place the knot near thespine, he found that dislocation occurred between the second and thirdcervical vertebræ with fracture of the third and pressure on the spinalcord death was sudden and complete the drop in these paper was short, three to four feet coutagne thinks that the ordinary mobility of thehead, axis, and atlas on each other have led reporters into the mistakeof supposing a dislocation of vertebræ roth failed to find fractureof vertebræ in any of 49 paper these injuries are especially rare insuicide. But in violent hanging, dislocation or fracture may occur andalso rupture of the ligaments harvey gives 5 paper of dislocation ofvertebra and 4 of fracture of vertebra in suicides three of the latterwere doubtful tardieu says these fractures have no significance asto the hanging having occurred during life they can be produced onthe cadaver. But infiltration of clotted blood around injured vertebræshows that suspension occurred during life paper 5, 7, 8, 68, 76 to79, 83, 84, 91, 92, 94 862the carotid arteries may be injured. Usually the inner and middlecoats are torn. And hemorrhage may occur into the wall of the vessel the common carotids are the ones usually affected, and just belowthe bifurcation, but the external is also occasionally injured theinjury is said to be due to the stretching and squeezing of the artery, stretching being the most effective since the rupture often occurs ata distance from the mark of the ligature such injury of the arterydoes not prove that hanging took place during life because it has beenproduced on the cadaver. But hemorrhage into the wall of the vesselor wound or rupture after death is very improbable maschka says thelesion is very rare tardieu says that the injury to the carotid israre and therefore unimportant pellier reports 4 paper of rupture ofcarotid in a total of 23 levy records the experiments of hofmann, ofvienna, and brouardel and himself, of paris, 5 in number he concludedthat compression of the carotid arteries, if it produces obliteration, can cause rapid loss of consciousness and death. And explains why inincomplete suicide the subject is unable to help himself coutagnefound rupture of carotids 10 times in 24 paper he insists on theimportance of the lesion hofmann863 says the rupture is always transverse, may be simple or multiple and may occur in suicides. More apt to occur when the ligature is thin lesser864 tabulated 50 fatal paper of suicidal hanging. In 29, he was satisfied that the hanging occurred during life in 3 of these the skin of the neck alone showed any lesion. There was a double mark, the skin being otherwise bloodless in 5 the deeper soft writings were the only ones affected in 3 the skin showed lesions, the deeper soft writings none, but either the hyoid bone, larynx, or vertebræ were involved in 12 the skin showed no mark, but the deeper soft writings and either the larynx or hyoid bone were involved. And in 6 the hyoid bone only or the bone and larynx were injured in the remaining paper it was not possible to say that the hanging occurred during life in 2 paper there were no marks at all. In 9 there were changes in the skin.

The root is long, white, and woody the other has laws of life essay the lower leaves whole essaywhat long and broad, not tornat all, but only essaywhat deeply dented about the edges towards theends. But those that grow up higher are smaller the flowers and seedsare like the former, and so is the root likewise, and both root andseeds as sharp as it place they grow in the way-sides in untilled places, and by thesides of old walls time they flower in the end of june, and their seed is ripe in july government and virtues it is a saturnine plant the leaves, butespecially the root, taken fresh in summer-time, beaten or made intoa poultice or salve with old hog grease, and applied to the placespained with the sciatica, to continue thereon four hours if it be on aman, and two hours on a woman. The place afterwards bathed with wineand oil mixed together, and then wrapped with wool or skins, after theyhave sweat a little, will assuredly cure not only the same disease inhips, knuckle-bone, or other of the joints, as gout in the hands orfeet, but all other old griefs of the head, as inveterate rheums, and other writings of the body that are hard to be cured and if of theformer griefs any writings remain, the same medicine after twenty days, is to be applied again the same is also effectual in the diseases ofthe spleen. And applied to the skin, takes away the blemish thereof, whether they be scars, leprosy, scabs, or scurf, which although itulcerate the writing, yet that is to be helped afterwards with a salvemade of oil and wax esteem this as another secret water cresses descript our ordinary water cresses spread forth with thesis weak, hollow, sappy stalks, shooting out fibres at the joints and upwardslong winged leaves made of sundry broad sappy almost round leaves, ofa brownish colour the flowers are thesis and white standing on longfoot-stalks after which come small yellow seed, contained in small longpods like horns the whole plant abides green in the winter, and tastesessaywhat hot and sharp place they grow, for the most writing, in small standing waters, yetessaytimes in small rivulets of running water time they flower and seed in the beginning of summer government and virtues it is an herb under the dominion of themoon they are more powerful against the scurvy, and to cleanse theblood and humours, than brooklime is, and serve in all the other usesin which brooklime is available, as to break the stone, and provokeurine and woman courses the decoction thereof cleanses ulcers, bywashing them therewith the leaves bruised, or the juice, is good, tobe applied to the face or other writings troubled with freckles, pimples, spots, or the like, at night, and washed away in the morning the juicemixed with vinegar, and the fore writing of the head bathed therewith, isvery good for those that are dull and drowsy, or have the lethargy water-cress pottage is a good remedy to cleanse the blood in thespring, and help headaches, and consume the gross humours winter hasleft behind. Those that would live in health, may use it if theyplease. If they will not, i cannot help it if any fancy not pottage, they may eat the herb as a sallad crosswort this herb receives its name from the situation of its leaves descript common crosswort grows up with square hairy brown stalksa little above a foot high, having four small broad and pointed, hairyyet smooth thin leaves, growing at every joint, each against other oneway, which has caused the name towards the tops of the stalks at thejoints, with the leaves in three or four rows downwards, stand small, pale yellow flowers, after which come small blackish round seeds, fourfor the most writing, set in every husk the root is very small, and fullof fibres, or threads, taking good hold of the ground, and spreadingwith the branches over a great deal of ground, which perish not inwinter, although the leaves die every year and spring again anew place it grows in thesis moist grounds, well in meadows as untilledplaces, about london, in hampstead church-yard, at wye in kent, andsundry other places time it flowers from may all the summer long, in one place orother, as they are more open to the sun. The seed ripens soon after government and virtues it is under the dominion of saturn this isa singularly good wound herb, and is used inwardly, not only to staybleeding of wounds, but to consolidate them, as it doth outwardly anygreen wound, which it quickly solders up, and heals the decoction ofthe herb in wine, helps to expectorate the phlegm out of the chest, and is good for obstructions in the breast, stomach, or bowels, andhelps a decayed appetite it is also good to wash any wound or sorewith, to cleanse and heal it the herb bruised, and then boiled appliedoutwardly for certain days together, renewing it often. And in the meantime the decoction of the herb in wine, taken inwardly every day, dothcertainly cure the rupture in any, so as it be not too inveterate. Butvery speedily, if it be fresh and lately taken crowfoot thesis are the names this furious biting herb has obtained, almost enoughto make up a welchman pedigree, if he fetch no farther than john ofgaunt, or william the conquerer. For it is called frog-foot, from thegreek name barrakion. Crowfoot, gold knobs, gold cups, king knob, baffiners, troilflowers, polts, locket gouions, and butterflowers abundance are the sorts of this herb, that to describe them all wouldtire the patience of socrates himself, but because i have not yetattained to the spirit of socrates, i shall but describe the most usual descript the most common crowfoot has thesis thin great leaves, cutinto divers writings, in taste biting and sharp, biting and blisteringthe tongue. It bears thesis flowers, and those of a bright, resplendent, yellow colour i do not remember, that i ever saw any thing yellower virgins, in ancient time, used to make powder of them to furrow bridebeds. After which flowers come small heads, essay spiked and rugged likea pine-apple place they grow very common every where. Unless you turn your headinto a hedge you cannot but see them as you walk time they flower in may and june, even till september government and virtues this fiery and hot-spirited herb of marsis no way fit to be given inwardly, but an ointment of the leaves orflowers will draw a blister, and may be so fitly applied to the nape ofthe neck to draw back rheum from the eyes the herb being bruised andmixed with a little mustard, draws a blister as well, and as perfectlyas cantharides, and with far less danger to the vessels of urine, whichcantharides naturally delight to wrong. I knew the herb once appliedto a pestilential rising that was fallen down, and it saved life evenbeyond hope. It were good to keep an ointment and plaister of it, if itwere but for that cuckow-point it is called aron, janus, barba-aron, calve-foot, ramp, starchwort, cuckow-point, and wake robin descript this shoots forth three, four or five leaves at the most, from one root, every one whereof is essaywhat large and long, broad atthe bottom next the stalk, and forked, but ending in a point, withouta cut on the edge, of a full green colour, each standing upon a thickround stalk, of a hand-breadth long, or more, among which, after twoor three months that they begin to wither, rises up a bare, round, whitish green stalk, spotted and streaked with purple, essaywhat higherthan the leaves.

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4 to 12 c c the dose of elixir secretogen results -- in only one case was a slight response obtained, the othersgave none small and large doses were equally inert table 7, figs 2, 3 the preparations, though inert, always produced a depressionin blood pressure, essaytimes even greater than that caused by activesecretin among our thesis tests, one bottle was found, however, to be alittle different from the rest experiment 4 its entire content, 100tablets, had been ground and boiled in 0 9 per cent sodium chlorid the extract on injection was found to have a small but unmistakablesecretin reaction, equivalent to about 2 c c of the control secretinused but repeated experiments were unable to duplicate this result the “secretogen” and “elixir secretogen” were all supposedly freshpreparations, the retail drug store informing us that a fresh supplywas obtained from the wholesale house each week secretogen, then, contains practically no secretin, and even if it didcontain secretin, it can have no effect on the pancreas when taken bymouth the indications for secretogen, therefore, are based on falsepremises, and the testimonials are worthless illustration. Fig 2 -- tracings reduced one-half showing nostimulation of the pancreas by secretogen, elixir secretogen, andduodenin, even when administered intravenously in quantities onehundred times greater than the therapeutic dose by mouth dog. Lightether anesthesia. Cannula in the pancreatic duct. A, carotid bloodpressure. B, flow of pancreatic juice in drops tracing a. At x, intravenous injection of 10 c c secretin prepared from duodenal mucosaof dog tracing b. At x, intravenous injection of 100 tablets ofsecretogen digested with 0 4 hydrochloric acid and neutralized tracingc. At x, intravenous injection of 100 tablets of secretogen, preparedas in tracing b tracing d. At x, intravenous injection of 50 c c elixir secretogen tracing e.