History

Johns Hopkins Essay Prompt


And that may be the reason why an all wise god hathfurnished us with far more hot herbs and plants, &c than cold use 1 their use is first, in nourishment, that so the heat of foodmay be qualified, and made for a weak stomach to digest use 2 secondly, to restrain and assuage the heat of johns hopkins essay prompt the bowels, andto cool the blood in fevers therefore if the distemper of heat be but gentle, medicines cold inthe first degree will suffice. Also children, and such people whosestomachs are weak, are easily hurt by cold medicines of medicines cold in the second and third degree use 1 such whose stomachs are strong, and livers hot, may easilybear such medicines as are cold in the second degree, and in paper ofextremity find much help by them. As also by such as are cold in thethird degree, the extremity of the disease considered, for by boththese the unbridled heat of choler is assuaged use 2 also they are outwardly applied to hot swellings, dueconsideration being had, that if the inflammation be not great, usethose that are less.

It is difficultto believe that the “juice” of juniper submitted to dialysis couldcontain any material amount of the active constituent no informationis given as to the method used whereby the several dialysates are“physiologically standardized ” it therefore remains to be provedthat the manufacturer of hydropsin possesses any method whereby thedialysates of juniper juniperis communis, birch betula alba, the common european birch and knot weed herniaria glabra are sostandardized the claim is made that. “herniaria has long been recognized as one of the most valuable drugs in the treatment of dropsical affections due to cardiac impairment ”on the contrary, herniaria belongs to that large class of drugswhich have been tried, found wanting and abandoned it is a very oldremedy, and the claims made for it are an inheritance from the earlyherbalists, with whom it was very popular according to king americandispensatory, it was “principally employed to cure hernia hence itsname and to increase the flow of urine it was also said to increasethe flow of bile internally and externally, it was praised insnake-bites, and the powdered plant was employed to kill maggotson unhealthy sores of horses it was reputed to ‘crush’ and expelcalculi from the kidneys and bladder ”the ernst bischoff company says that. “betula exerts both an antiseptic and stimulating influence on the urinary passages and is writingicularly serviceable where a catarrhal condition of the bladder exists when combined with other diuretics, as in hydropsin, the drug affords highly satisfactory results in the treatment of ascites, cardiac dropsy and hydrothorax ”birch is another drug which has been discarded few textbooks onmateria medica even mention it that it can materially affect theaction of such powerful drugs as squill and digitalis is exceedinglydoubtful an unwarranted implication-- that in this preparation the powerfuldrugs digitalis and squill have been deprived of their dangerousqualities-- is the assertion. “dialysis, removing all resins and colloidals, results in better tolerance on writing of sensitive patients, and in more rapid absorption and elimination. Which, in turn, means early therapeutic effects and little or no fear of toxic accumulation ”that removal of colloids and resins materially affects the toleranceof these drugs is improbable to claim that because of their removal, there need be “little or no fear of toxic accumulation” is utterlywithout warrant the claim that one preparation containing digitalisis less likely to produce cumulative effect than any other digitalispreparation is contradicted by a mass of evidence it is claimed that hydropsin affects “favorably all forms of dropsyor edema that are at all amenable to medical treatment ” there can beno question but that squill and digitalis, or, better, either singly, used in suitable paper, may relieve dropsical effusions. But to claimthat such a complex mixture as hydropsin can favorably affect allforms of dropsy that are amenable to medical treatment is on its faceunwarranted the claim is made that. “by reason of its unusual potency and relative harmlessness, hydropsin may be employed to great advantage in all paper where it is desirable to increase the volume of urine without injury to the renal structures ”on the basis of the claimed composition, the action of hydropsinmust be essentially that of digitalis or of digitalis and squill consequently, if it possesses “unusual potency, ” it cannot possess“relative harmlessness, ” and vice versa neither digitalis norsquill should be employed “in all paper” of nephritis, even if it is“desirable to increase the volume of urine ”the composition claimed for hydropsin brands it as an irrationalmixture in which potent drugs are combined with, and more or lesscovered up by, others that are obsolete and inefficient the name, instead of indicating its composition, suggests diseases in which itmay be thoughtlessly and indiscriminately used the claim that thedanger of toxic or cumulative action has been removed, if accepted byphysicians, tends to uncritical use with possible disastrous results hydropsin is ineligible for new and nonofficial remedies because ofconflict with rules 1, 2, 6, 8 and 10 -- from the journal a m a , jan 8, 1916 digitalysatum report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has adopted the following report and authorized itspublication w a puckner, secretary digitalysatum is sold in the united states by ernst bischoff company, inc , new york the firm claims that it is a dialysate prepared fromthe juice of freshly gathered digitalis, containing all the activeprinciples, and representing the fresh plant weight for weight it issaid to be standardized physiologically and to contain 12 per cent alcohol sterisol-digitalysatum, intended for injection, appearsto be the “dialysate” without alcohol, diluted with equal writings ofphysiologic sodium chlorid solution the council essay years ago foundboth products ineligible for new and nonofficial remedies becauseof unwarranted therapeutic claims the preparations are still beingadvertised to physicians under claims which imply superiority to allother digitalis preparations for instance. “digitalysatum is the diuretic par excellence in cardiac insufficiency ” “digitalysatum as a diuretic and cardiac stimulant is in a class by itself, being quick of action, uniform in strength, and well tolerated ” “digitalysatum differs from other forms of digitalis in these respects. Digitalysatum is free from fat, resins and colloids, and is therefore well-borne by sensitive patients-- the young and the feeble-- and is quickly absorbed and eliminated ”the council has elsewhere28 expressed the conviction that tinctureof digitalis produces the full therapeutic effects of digitalis.

Thesis small fluid hemorrhages in johns hopkins essay prompt substance. No subpleural ecchymoses frothy mucus tinged with blood in trachea and bronchi. Bronchi congested brain and abdominal organs normal proof of death by suffocation it is essaytimes difficult in a given case to state whether death is dueto suffocation there is no lesion which of itself could be accepted asproof but a collation of the lesions found taken in connection withthe surroundings of the body will in thesis if not in most paper lead toa definite conclusion infants have been found alive four and five hours after having beenburied in the earth 923 if the pulverulent material has penetratedinto the œsophagus and stomach, the burial has occurred during life exceptionally when burial has occurred after death and traces of thematerial are found in the air-passages, they are not found in theœsophagus or stomach the committee on “suffocation, ” of the new york med leg soc , reported924 the following group of appearances as evidences of death by suffocation. The general venous character of the blood, the turgidity of the larger veins, the congestion of the parenchymatous organs, especially at the base of the brain, the lungs congested in a variable degree and œdematous, frothy mucus in the bronchi, the right side of the heart always fuller than the left fitz925 holds that suffocation is a condition composed of a group of symptoms and appearances due most probably to accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood and a deficiency of oxygen the appearances are. The blood dark and fluid though in gradual suffocation there may be clots in the right side of the heart, the right side of the heart full, venous congestion of the lungs not constant, interstitial emphysema of the lungs, and venous congestion of the liver, kidneys, and brain he prefers the word engorgement to congestion in this connection tardieu926 holds that when in infants buried in pulverulentsubstances we find emphysema of the lungs in high degree, bloody frothin the air-passages, abundant subpleural and subpericardial ecchymosesand the blood fluid, the burial has occurred during life the samelesions are found in small animals similarly treated it must not be forgotten that an intoxicated person or one in anepileptic spasm is practically helpless, and can, therefore, besuffocated, accidentally or otherwise, under circumstances in which onein possession of his senses would be able to escape accidental, homicidal, and suicidal suffocation accidental suffocation is frequent, as has already appeared suicidal suffocation is very rare homicidal suffocation occurs foreign bodies have been forced into the air-passages smothering hasbeen done by holding the face in various materials to prevent accessof air. By pressure on the chest. By forcible closure of the mouth andnose as in burking. By laying compresses over the face, as in the caseof king benhadad, 927 whom hazael killed “and it came to pass on themorrow that he took a thick cloth and dipped it in water, and spreadit over his face so that he died.

For until it be about two years old, it is morebinding than cordial, and after that, more cordial than binding essayof the younger conserve taken with mithridate mixed together, is goodfor those that are troubled with distillations of rheum from the brainto the nose, and defluctions of rheum into the eyes. As also forfluxes and lasks of the belly. And being mixed with the powder ofmastich, is very good for the gonorrhea, and for the looseness of thehumours in the body the old conserve mixed with aromaticum rosarum, is a very good cordial against faintings, swoonings, weakness, andtremblings of the heart, strengthens, both it and a weak stomach, helps digestion, stays casting, and is a very good preservative inthe time of infection the dry conserve, which is called the sugar ofroses, is a very good cordial to strengthen the heart and spirits. Asalso to stay defluctions the syrup of dried red roses strengthens astomach given to casting, cools an over-heated liver, and the bloodin agues, comforts the heart, and resists putrefaction and infection, and helps to stay lasks and fluxes honey of roses is much used ingargles and lotions to wash sores, either in the mouth, throat, orother writings, both to cleanse and heal them, and to stay the fluxesof humours falling upon them it is also used in clysters both tocool and cleanse the cordial powders, called diarrhoden abbatis andaromaticum rosarum, do comfort and strengthen the heart and stomach, procure an appetite, help digestion, stay vomiting, and are very goodfor those that have slippery bowels, to strengthen them, and to dryup their moisture red rose-water is well known, and of familiar useon all occasions, and better than damask rose-water, being coolingand cordial, refreshing, quickening the weak and faint spirits, usedeither in meats or broths, to wash the temples, to smell at the nose, or to smell the sweet vapours thereof out of a perfuming pot, or castinto a hot fire shovel it is also of much good use against the rednessand inflammations of the eyes to bathe them therewith, and the templesof the head. As also against pain and ache, for which purpose alsovinegar of roses is of much good use, and to procure rest and sleep, if essay thereof, and rose-water together, be used to smell unto, orthe nose and temples moistened therewith, but more usually to moistena piece of a red rose-cake, cut for the purpose, and heated betweena double folded cloth, with a little beaten nutmeg, and poppy-seedstrewed on the side that must lie next to the forehead and temples, and bound so thereto all night the ointment of roses is much usedagainst heat and inflammations in the head, to anoint the foreheadand temples, and being mixt with unguentum populneum, to procurerest. It is also used for the heat of the liver, the back and reins, and to cool and heal pushes, wheals, and other red pimples rising inthe face or other writings oil of roses is not only used by itself tocool any hot swellings or inflammations, and to bind and stay fluxesof humours unto sores, but is also put into ointments and plaistersthat are cooling and binding, and restraining the flux of humours thedried leaves of the red roses are used both inwardly and outwardly, both cooling, binding, and cordial, for with them are made botharomaticum, rosarum, diarrhoden abbatis, and saccharum rosarum, each of whose properties are before declared rose leaves and mint, heated and applied outwardly to the stomach, stays castings, and verymuch strengthen a weak stomach. And applied as a fomentation to theregion of the liver and heart, do much cool and temper them, and alsoserve instead of a rose-cake as is said before to quiet the over-hotspirits, and cause rest and sleep the syrup of damask roses is bothsimple and compound, and made with agaric the simple solutive syrupis a familiar, safe, gentle and easy medicine, purging choler, takenfrom one ounce to three or four, yet this is remarkable herein, thatthe distilled water of this syrup should notably bind the belly thesyrup with agaric is more strong and effectual, for one ounce thereofby itself will open the body more than the other, and works as much onphlegm as choler the compound syrup is more forcible in working onmelancholic humours. And available against the leprosy, itch, tetters, &c and the french disease. Also honey of roses solutive is made of thesame infusions that the syrup is made of, and therefore works the sameeffect, both opening and purging, but is oftener given to phlegmaticthan choleric persons, and is more used in clysters than in potions, as the syrup made with sugar is the conserve and preserved leaves ofthose roses are also operative in gently opening the belly the simple water of damask roses is chiefly used for fumes to sweetenthings, as the dried leaves thereof to make sweet powders, and fillsweet bags.

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Contributions from johns hopkins essay prompt the journal. Proprietary products iodin in liquid petrolatum 367 american-made synthetic drugs-- ii 369 nostrums in retrospect 379 bell-ans pa-pay-ans bell 380 anasarcin and anedemin 383 pepto-mangan 387 cactina pillets 391 ammonol and phenalgin 393 fellows’ syrup, and other preparations of the hypophosphites 395 shotgun nostrums 398 tyree antiseptic and aseptinol 401 neurosine and the original package evil 404 anasarcin advertising 407 antimeristem-schmidt 408 antiphlogistine 409 “auto-hemic serum” 409 “autolysin” advertising 413 “basic cancer research” and “cosmopolitan cancer research society” 414 seleni-bascca 416 bell-ans papayans, bell 418 campho-phenique 418 “cinchophen”. Formerly “atophan” 419 “collosols”. An uncritical english endorsement 420 cotton process ether 421 dionol 422 the eli products of eli h dunn 424 glover cancer serum 425 glyco-thymoline and poliomyelitis 427 glykeron. Cold storage testimonials 428 gray glycerine tonic. “whose bread i eat his song i sing” 429 hagee cordial of cod liver oil 429 hypno-bromic compound 430 intravenous compound loffler 430 intravenous specialties 435 iodex 436 the william f koch cancer remedy 437 the lucas laboratories’ products 440 “phylacogens” 441 pineoleum advertising methods 442 “proteal therapy” and henry smith williams 443 proteogens 445 pulvane 450 sal hepatica 451 salicon 453 so-called secretin preparations 454 succus cineraria maritima 455 tekarkin 458 tyree antiseptic powder again 462 wheeler tissue phosphates 463 briefer paragraphs 465 writing iv. Contributions from the journal. Miscellany albert abrams, a m , m d , ll d , f r m s 472 acetylsalicylic acid, not aspirin 480 the allied medical associations of america 486 “arsenicals” 491 beer and cancer cures 494 biologic therapeutics and its commercial domination 496 capell uroluetic test 497 chemotherapy and tumors 499 the direct sales company 510 discoveries and discoverers 511 “drug reform” 513 drug therapy. The fallibility of textbooks 515 thomas webster edgar 515 glycerophosphates 520 influenza vaccine 520 intravenous therapy 522 iodin fumes 523 italian physico-chemical company 524 what is liquid petrolatum?. 526 the lowenthal postgraduate course 527 medical society of the united states 531 the national formulary-- a review of the fourth edition 535 nonspecific protein therapy 536 willard ealon ogden 538 “patents” 542 pharmaceutical barnums 545 the pharmacopeia 546 physician stock in prescription products 548 pituitary gland preparations 549 proprietorship in medicine 550 philip rahtjen and his discoveries 553 sodium cacodylate in syphilis 555 tablets.