History

Jane Schaffer Essay


Forthe greek word acanthus, signifies any thistle whatsoever descript this thistle shoots forth very thesis large, thick, sadgreen smooth leaves on the ground, with a very thick and juicy middlerib. The leaves are writinged with sundry deep gashes on the edges. Theleaves remain a long time, before any stalk appears, afterwards risingup a reasonable big stalk, three or four feet high, and bravely deckedwith flowers from the middle of the stalk upwards. For on the lowerwriting of the stalk, there is neither branches nor leaf the flowers arehooded and gaping, being white in colour, and standing in brownishhusk, with a long small undivided leaf under each leaf. They seldomseed in our country its roots are thesis, great and thick, blackishwithout and whitish within, full of a clammy sap. A piece of them ifyou set it in the garden, and defend it from the first winter cold willgrow and flourish place they are only nursed in the gardens in england, where theywill grow very well time it flowers in june and july government and virtues it is an excellent plant under the dominionof the moon.

In helping the gout, piles, andwomen diseases, colours the hair black, helps the inflammationsof the eyes, and pains in the ears, the biting of serpents, or maddogs, burnings and scaldings, the wind cholic, cholic, and stone, thedifficulty jane schaffer essay of urine, the cure of old sores and fistulous ulcers eitherleaves or bark of elder, stripped upwards as you gather it, causesvomiting also, dr butler, in a manuscript of his, commends dwarfelder to the sky of dropsies, viz to drink it, being boiled in whitewine. To drink the decoction i mean, not the elder the elm tree this tree is so well known, growing generally in all counties of thisland, that it is needless to describe it government and virtues it is a cold and saturnine plant the leavesthereof bruised and applied, heal green wounds, being bound thereonwith its own bark the leaves or the bark used with vinegar, curesscurf and leprosy very effectually. The decoction of the leaves, bark, or root, being bathed, heals broken bones the water that is foundin the bladders on the leaves, while it is fresh, is very effectualto cleanse the skin, and make it fair. And if cloaths be often wettherein, and applied to the ruptures of children, it heals them, ifthey be well bound up with a truss the said water put into a glass, and set into the ground, or else in dung for twenty-five days, themouth thereof being close stopped, and the bottom set upon a layer ofordinary salt, that the fœces may settle and water become clear, isa singular and sovereign balm for green wounds, being used with softtents.

All the herbs which delight most to grow in saturnine places, jane schaffer essay are saturnine herbs both henbane delights most to grow in saturnineplaces, and whole cart loads of it may be found near the places wherethey empty the common jakes, and scarce a ditch to be found without itgrowing by it ergo, it is an herb of saturn the leaves of henbane docool all hot inflammations in the eyes, or any other writing of the body;and are good to assuage all manner of swellings of the privities, orwomen breast, or elsewhere, if they be boiled in wine, and eitherapplied themselves, or the fomentation warm. It also assuages the painof the gout, the sciatica, and other pains in the joints which arisefrom a hot cause and applied with vinegar to the forehead and temples, helps the head-ache and want of sleep in hot fevers the juice of theherb or seed, or the oil drawn from the seed, does the like the oilof the seed is helpful for deafness, noise, and worms in the ears, being dropped therein. The juice of the herb or root doth the same thedecoction of the herb or seed, or both, kills lice in man or beast the fume of the dried herb, stalks and seed, burned, quickly healsswellings, chilblains or kibes in the hands or feet, by holding them inthe fume thereof the remedy to help those that have taken henbane isto drink goat milk, honeyed water, or pine kernels, with sweet wine;or, in the absence of these, fennel seed, nettle seed, the seed ofcresses, mustard, or radish. As also onions or garlic taken in wine, doall help to free them from danger, and restore them to their due temperagain take notice, that this herb must never be taken inwardly. Outwardly, an oil ointment, or plaister of it, is most admirable for thegout, to cool the veneral heat of the reins in the french pox. Tostop the toothache, being applied to the aching side. To allay allinflammations, and to help the diseases before premised hedge hyssop divers sorts there are of this plant.

“ writingicularly indicated for certain diseases which are caused by deposits of urates in the joints and kidneys, and can be used with much benefit for thesis people who indulge in generous or intemperate habits of living ”tongaline and quinine jane schaffer essay tablets are also exploited without statementof composition the promoters are probably justified in feeling thatphysicians who prescribe quinin in combination with “tongaline” carelittle about the dosage it is unnecessary to discuss the silly claims made for tongaline andits combinations, although it is worth while to point out that theprescribing of such nostrums by physicians is an imposition, if not afraud, on the public ponca compoundponca compound, also made by the mellier drug company, st louis, is a“female weakness remedy” in tablet form the name suggests that “ponca”is a medicinal substance, and, in fact, at one time, “ext ponca” wasnamed as an ingredient the nature of “ext ponca” was apparently neverexplained it is now replaced in the “formula” by “senecin, ” and theonly information concerning the composition at present given is. “ponca compound tablets contain extract of mitchella repens, senecin, helonin, caulophyllin and viburnin ”this “formula” is practically meaningless, not only because theamount of each ingredient is not stated, but also because “senecin, ”“helonin, ” “caulophyllin” and “viburnin” are in themselves variablemixtures of unknown composition 1313 see report of the council on pharmacy and chemistry on “resinoidsand concentrations, ” j a m a , nov 13, 1909, p 1655 presumably, “senecin, ” “helonin, ” “caulophyllin” and “viburnin” areextractives of essay kind prepared, respectively, from senecio aureus life root, helonias dioica false unicorn, calophyllum thalictroides blue cohosh and viburnum prunifolium or opulus black haw or crampbark these are, one and all, practically inert drugs there is noreason to believe that any or all of them can have any beneficialinfluence in the thesis and varied conditions for which ponca compound isadvertised the following are excerpts from the advertising matter. “ponca compound is a remedy of a very beneficial character for functional, uterine and ovarian troubles, which will respond to internal treatment, especially when digital examination or surgical interference is undesirable ” “ponca compound is also valuable during gestation and after writingurition ” “uterine alterative for leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea, metritis, endometritis, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, irregular menstruation, subinvolution, painful pregnancy ”it is recommended that tongaline and ponca compound and all theirpreparations be held in conflict with rule 1, in view of theirsemisecret and indefinite composition. With rule 6, for the grosslyexaggerated therapeutic claims made for them. With rule 8, because oftheir misleading names, and with rule 10, in view of their unscientificcharacter as irrational combinations it is also recommended that thisreport be published -- from the journal a m a , july 17, 1915 alfatone report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has found alfatone ineligible for new and nonofficialremedies and has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary alfalfa is good cattle feed but only nostrum exploiters have suggestedits use as a medicine for human beings while it may seem a waste oftime to discuss the medicinal value of alfalfa its recent exploitationby the norwich pharmacal company, norwich, n y , as “a reconstructivetonic and nutrient” in the form of a mixture called “alfatone, ” callsfor comment according to the label on the preparation. “each fluidounce represents. alcohol 15 per cent medicago sativa alfalfa 120 grains taraxacum 2-1/2 grains gentian 1 grain berberine hydrochloride 1/40 grain glycerin and aromatics ” “dose -- one to three fluidrams 4 to 12 c c 4 times daily ”each maximum dose, therefore, should represent 45 grains of alfalfa, 1grain of taraxacum dandelion, 3/8 grain of gentian, 1/100 grain ofberberin hydrochlorid, and 27 minims of alcohol since the bitter drugsare present in such small amounts that the preparation is almost devoidof bitterness, and as the medicinal value of alfalfa is practicallynil, it is evident that whatever action alfatone may have is due to thestimulant effects of the alcohol essay of the claims made for alfatone are. “a reconstructive nutritive tonic indicated in general debility, neurasthenia, convalescence, etc ” “ a galactagogue of merit as well ” “ improves the appetite, aids the processes of digestion and assimilation, facilitates elimination and effects gradual but decided gains in strength, vitality and weight ”it is suggested that. “ in case of idiosyncrasy the addition of tr nux vomica 5 to 10 minims to the dose, unless contraindicated, will secure excellent results ”the norwich pharmacal company naively remarks. “the dearth of medical literature on alfalfa has lead us to present below a few of the findings of the bureau of plant industry of the dewritingment of agriculture as well as those from several state experiment stations ”here are the “findings”. “ digestible nutrients in 100 pounds of alfalfa, protein, 11 0 pounds. Carbohydrates, 39 6 pounds. Ether extract, 1 2 pounds ” “ the high value of alfalfa is due to the amount of protein that it contains. To the large percentage of protein that is digestible and the palatability of alfalfa ” “ table showing pounds of elements removed from the soil by one ton of crop alfalfa wheat potash 49 79 12 52 phosphoric acid 8 27 9 08 lime 43 51 2 95 nitrogen 44 01 22 30” “ the abundance of muscle and bone producing material in alfalfa makes this crop especially good ”thus estimates of the value of a farm crop and cattle fodder are madeto do service as testimonials to its therapeutic merit for humanbeings!. has the “patent medicine” promoter ever dared to insult theintelligence of his patrons by a cruder absurdity?. yet it is not to thenontechnical and unscientific public, but to a profession presumablyscientifically trained in pharmacology and therapeutics that thisconcern presumes to offer its fodder tincture on the basis of testimonyto the agricultural value of the fodder plant alfatone is a worthless alcoholic cordial the audacity of the attemptto promote its sale by a discourse on the merits of a well-known fodderplant is the sole reason for devoting any attention to it it isrecommended that alfatone be held ineligible for new and nonofficialremedies, and that this report be published editorial note -- what a comment on american medicine that a concerncan even contemplate the possibility of making a commercial successof the sale of such a silly nostrum as alfatone!. and yet, when oneremembers that a proprietary in which oats constitutes one ingredient “pas-avena” for years has been advertised to physicians andpresumably prescribed by them, it is not altogether inexplicable thatbusiness men should get the impression that the medical professionis “easy” enough to “fall for” anything in the line of proprietarymixtures perhaps we may look forward to being offered proprietariesbased on other cheap and well-known fodder plants tincture of timothyhay, blue grass tonic, cornhusk wine!.

  • i need help on my homework
  • thesis writers
  • help with social studies homework
  • literary essay example
  • google essay
  • case study writers
  • informative essay rubric
  • descriptive essay topics
  • which type of essay is amy tan's "mother tongue"?
  • help with writing a speech
  • common app essay ideas
  • gender discrimination essay
  • literature review order
  • essay title pages
  • i need help on my homework
  • free homework help
  • phd dissertation help
  • ebook writing service
  • scholarship essay writing service
  • what is essay format
  • professional report writing services

“prepared with greatcare from a good grade of spring wheat, by our special process, whichpreserves the natural food properties of the product ” the companyevidently tries to carry water on both shoulders, on the one handclaiming a reduction in the starch content, while on the other claimingthe preservation of all “the natural food properties ”20 per cent gluten meal referee company water 7 65 5-10 ash 1 22 1-2 protein n × 5 7 24 68 20-30 fiber 0 12 1-2 carbohydrates 65 41 65-70 fat 0 92 1-2 starch 51 24 65-70the company analysis is confirmed as the company claims directlythat this is “not a diabetic food, ” any criticism of its use forthat purpose is disarmed however, again exception must be taken tothe statement that “the natural food properties of the product” arepreserved pure gluten meal referee company water 4 60 5-10 ash 0 96 1-2 protein n × 5 7 76 78 75-80 fiber 0 08 1-3 carbohydrates 16 77 0-5 fat 0 81 0 25-0 70 starch 6 77 0-5the minimum claim as to protein is justified again the companyconfuses carbohydrates and starch, and the food instead of containingfrom 0 to 5 per cent of “carbohydrates starch” actually contains16 77 per cent of carbohydrates, of which 6 77 per cent is starch once more the statement that “the natural food properties” arepreserved is untrue as applied to a wheat product deprived of most ofits starch in justice to the company, it should be noted that on the labels of“pure gluten biscuit” and “pure gluten meal” appears the warning:“every person suffering from diabetes should be under the care ofan experienced physician, ” and on the label of “40 per cent glutenmeal, ” “persons suffering from diabetes should use this food only onthe advice of a physician ” on the other hand, the suggestion on thelabel of “pure gluten meal, ” “write for a copy of diabetic foods andhow to use them” is a more or less direct invitation to self-treatment moreover, a letter dated may 9, 1916, apparently dictated for thekellogg food company by one ruth french, in reply to an inquiry from alayman, gives direct advice with no reference whatever to a physician claims made in a letter to a laymanin addition to this inconsistent attitude the letter makes certainclear misstatements, as follows:“40 per cent gluten flour actually contains 40 per cent of puregluten, making it a perfectly safe article of diet in all but thegravest paper of diabetes from our gluten flour excellent bread, gemsand puffs are made that perfectly satisfy the craving for bread with noharmful results ” this flour contains 33 63 per cent of gluten, not 40per cent. It is not “a perfectly safe article of diet in all but thegravest paper of diabetes, ” for if one reads the literature correctly, starch restriction is more necessary in mild than in severe paper ofdiabetes furthermore, the bread, gems and puffs made from such a flourdo not “satisfy the craving for bread with no harmful results ”in the next paragraph of the letter, undue emphasis is laid on the“objectionable properties” of flesh foods, a statement only in accordwith the tenets of extreme vegetarians i also doubt very much whetherthe statement is true that “under a diet of our diabetic foods thethirst to which diabetics are so often subject is usually very muchrelieved ”in the next paragraph the assertion is made that “the diet indicated is in keeping with the ideas of the highest medical authorities meat is entirely excluded from the dietary ” my reading of theliterature does not show that the leading authorities take any suchposition later on reference is made to von noorden claim as to thesuperiority of vegetable over animal proteins, which i have alreadydiscussed under “pure gluten biscuit ” certain detached sentences ofvon noorden might justify such a statement, but a reading of all hesays on the subject leads to a very different conclusion claims made in an advertising bookletthe whole booklet is written from the standpoint of an extremevegetarian, and therefore is often misleading in its conclusions page 5 “the researches of ogata and others have shown that cane sugaris a less wholeessay food than the natural sugars found in fruits andproduced in the body by the digestion of starch, that is, fruit sugarsand malt sugars ” in opposition to this i quote from von noorden, theirown authority, “die zuckerkrankheit und ihre behandlung, ” berlin, 1910, page 270:“that levulose, milk sugar and inulin are more useful than the othercarbohydrates is a common opinion, but the importance of their use inpractice does not correspond with the theory in light paper the formof carbohydrates makes little difference. In severe paper the advantagefrom using levulose, milk sugar, etc , is only slightly greater thanfrom using bread and flour only in certain paper does it appearto me that the special form of carbohydrates possesses any writingicularsignificance ”on page 92 of the same work von noorden tells us that of thecarbohydrates dextrose is the worst, with maltose almost as bad inspite of the fact that kellogg exploits his “meltose, ” the “newcarbohydrate, ” as of special value for diabetics he also says thatlevulose increases glycosuria only about half as much as dextrose, when used occasionally, but with long use it is as bad as dextrose andstarch page 5 the company refers to sugar as “possibly also causingdiabetes ” sugar or any other carbohydrate may under diabeticconditions cause an increase of glucose in the urine, but i do notbelieve that any food or any diet can cause diabetes page 7 “that the large use of meat and eggs is not only detrimentalbut positively dangerous in thesis paper of diabetes is now a well knownand recognized fact ” the dietaries of well known authorities ondiabetes are not in harmony with this statement page 13 “it has been discovered that the complete suppressionof carbohydrates from the dietary is not only unnecessary but ishighly detrimental and even dangerous ” “the complete suppression ofcarbohydrates from the dietary” is the only means the physician has todetermine the diabetic carbohydrate tolerance if carbohydrate-poorfoods are so “highly detrimental and even dangerous, ” why does thecompany exploit foods like “pure gluten flour” and “pure glutenbiscuit, ” whose chief claim to excellence is their comparative freedomfrom carbohydrates?. Page 17 “cream is an emulsion, and, with the exception of egg yolk, is the only form in which animal fat is found in an emulsified state ”milk, nature most wonderful emulsion, is apparently overlooked page 19 “ these foods will be found of great value especially as substitutes for the breads and meats which are the mostobjectionable features of the ordinary diet, and which should, as faras possible, be interdicted in this class of paper ” this is simplyspecial pleading for the kellogg vegetarian diet page 19 “our glutens are all thoroughly standardized, so that intheir use the physician and the patient know just the amount of starcheaten ” this standardization is largely mythical for instance, “puregluten biscuit” claims 0 to 5 per cent “carbohydrates starch, ”whereas i find 14 84 per cent carbohydrates with 4 02 per cent starch “40 per cent gluten flour” claims 40 per cent gluten and40 to 45 per cent carbohydrates, whereas i find 33 63 and 55 35per cent , respectively “pure gluten meal” claims 0 to 5 per cent “carbohydrates starch” whereas i find 16 77 per cent carbohydratesand 6 77 per cent starch i have a record of six analyses each of “40per cent gluten flour” and “40 per cent gluten biscuit, ” which showthe hollowness of this claim of “standardization ” the flour showed33 6, 35 0, 42 9, 36 8, 35 6, and 40 9 per cent of protein, with from40 8 to 55 4 per cent of carbohydrates. The biscuits 32 7, 33 2, 39 5, 43 3, 33 9, and 41 2 per cent of protein, with from 41 1 to 54 0 percent of carbohydrates in fact, my experience shows that the kelloggproducts are more poorly “standardized” than most of the diabetic foodson the market page 20 “may be made to carry a large amount of fat in the form ofbutter, a most desirable thing in the treatment of diabetes, ” while onpage 16 the company claims that in an experiment of minkowski on a dog, butter “passed through the body without change, none being absorbed”;these are certainly contradictory statements the explanation is thaton the one page the company is exploiting its biscuits, and on theother its nut preparations page 20 again the incorrect claim is made for “40 per cent glutenflour” that “we believe this to be the only standardized gluten flourmade ”page 21 the claim is made that flesh foods are “objectionable onaccount of the large amounts of ptomains and toxins which theycontain ” i was not aware that fresh meats contained any ptomainswhatever on the same page the claim is again made that by the use ofthe kellogg nut foods “diabetics lose their thirst, ” a claim which ithink is more than doubtful page 22 “nuts are a whole food, containing all the elements requiredfor the perfect nutrition of the body ” a marked characteristic ofnuts is that they are not “a whole food, ” as with the exception ofa few varieties, such as the chestnut, they are extremely poor incarbohydrates, which fact gives them their value in the diabetic diet page 23 “with the exception of the potato, the beet and the carrot, vegetables contain little sugar or starch ” corn, beans and peas areall vegetables which are relatively high in carbohydrates, and for thisreason are specifically excluded from the diabetic dietary from the foregoing considerations i would recommend that the companyanalyses of “40 per cent gluten biscuit, ” “40 per cent gluten meal, ”and “20 per cent gluten meal” be accepted as correct before thecouncil can accept any of these products, the following steps should betaken:the company on all its labels should correct the impression that“carbohydrates” and “starch” are synonymous terms the labels of all the preparations examined should be changed inaccordance with the criticisms given above in all paper in which analytic data are given, it would be preferableto state only the minimum of protein and the maximum of carbohydrates the booklet, “practical suggestions about diet in diabetes, ” shouldbe radically changed along the lines noted above -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1916, p 56 iodo-mangan omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryiodo-mangan, made by the chemische fabrik helfenberg a g , neardresden, gerthesis, and sold in the united states by the reinschildchemical company, new york, is a solution said to contain iron, manganese and iodin in combination with peptone it is claimed tobe a reconstructive tonic and blood-making adjuvant, with favorableaction in affections of the glandular system it was admitted to newand nonofficial remedies in 1907, before the council had adopted thepresent rule 10, which provides that no article shall be admittedto new and nonofficial remedies which, because of its unscientificcomposition, is useless or inimical to the best interests of thepublic or of the medical profession in 1911 the council consideredthe question whether or not this product was still eligible anddecided in the end to retain it as probably having essay merit todetermine if iodo-mangan was eligible for new and nonofficial remedies, 1917, the reinschild chemical company was requested to send in thecurrent advertising matter as this advertising was not sent in andas apparently the product was not marketed at the present time, thecouncil on pharmacy and chemistry voted to omit iodo-mangan from newand nonofficial remedies at the same time the reinschild chemicalcompany was informed that the preparation might be submitted forreconsideration at any time -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1916, p 64 liquid albolene report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryas now marketed, liquid albolene mckesson and robbins, new york, isclaimed to be made only from genuine russian oil and hence to possessdistinct advantages over “ oils purporting to be russian, most of which are imperfectly purified and thesis of which are positively dangerous for continued use ”on the other hand, a short time ago, mckesson and robbins claimed thatliquid albolene was then available “ of as high a quality as we had supplied before the european war thanks to the research and scientific achievement of our chemists, we are now able to offer liquid albolene, using as a base a specially refined domestic oil that is in every way suitable for medicinal purposes, and having the same viscosity as russian oil ”the advertising matter suggests the promiscuous, thoughtless andirrational use of liquid albolene and of a number of albolenepreparations by extravagant claims, such, for example, as the following. “albolene will never fail to bring a free, easy stool, no matter what condition may be present, from obstinate atony of the bowel to fissure, fistula, or even malignant disease, and in spite of the failure of ordinary purgatives to which the patient may have become habituated “aromatic liquid albolene is actually the first laxative presented to the medical profession that seems to have no drawback “it will not have been lost upon the physician who has read the remarks on the use of aromatic liquid albolene to regulate the bowels in surgical paper, that there are thesis instances where it would prove equally valuable during the treatment of acute diseases in the exanthemata, in pneumonia, for example, to cite only a few of the conditions where it may be used to advantage, an absolutely reliable laxative that will not in any way weaken or distress the patient, presents obvious superiority to any of the agents heretofore in common use ”the council held liquid albolene ineligible because the product ismarketed in a way to encourage its indiscriminate and irrational use bythe public rule 4 and because unwarranted therapeutic claims are madefor it rule 6 -- from reports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1916, p 65 naphey medicated uterine wafers report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrynaphey medicated uterine wafers were submitted to the council by themanufacturers, naphey & co , essay years ago and were rejected naphey &co has recently requested reconsideration of the preparation, and hassubmitted advertising matter, trade packages and sample packages thelabel of the trade package contains the following. “naphey wafers for the local treatment of diseases of women, indicated in catarrhal conditions of the vagina, and of the uterine cervix as a sic!. adjuvant for the physician to use in carrying out treatment of disease of the uterus ” “zinc sulphate, 3-3/4 gr , sodium sulphate, 3-1/2 gr , sodium borate, 4 gr , boric acid, 3/4 gr ” “naphey & co , warren, pa , u s a ” “each box contains 25 wafers, sufficient for three months’ treatment price per box, 25c ”in name, composition, and general appearance of the package, napheymedicated uterine wafers bear a strong resemblance to micajahmedicated uterine wafers the journal, a m a , march 26, 1910, p 1070 an advertising pamphlet reads. “in every form of leucorrhea naphey medicated uterine wafers are indicated ” “what is true of leucorrhea is also true of all other functional troubles affecting the female genital canal. They are all treated best by astringents and antiseptics and these, to be effective, must be applied in prolonged contact ”the implication that all “functional troubles affecting the femalegenital canal” are best treated by astringent tablets like napheymedicated uterine wafers is an absurdity the naming of diseaseconditions on the label, the manifestly unwarranted and exaggeratedtherapeutic claims, the name, which is non-descriptive of compositionbut suggestive of use, and the fixed formula, which cannot rationallybe expected to give uniformly satisfactory results in the wide rangeof conditions for which the product is recommended, render napheymedicated uterine wafers ineligible for new and nonofficial remediesunder rules 4, 6, 8 and 10 the report having been sent to naphey & co , the manufactureroffered, on condition that the preparation be accepted, to revise theadvertising matter in minor writingiculars, to remove disease names fromthe trade package and to adopt the name naphey wafers or napheytablets the council advised naphey & co that the proposed names donot conform to the requirements for acceptance in new and nonofficialremedies because they do not indicate the composition of thispharmaceutical mixture, and moreover, that the routine use of a complexformula such as that of these tablets is irrational -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1916, p 66 nujol report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrynujol, a liquid petrolatum standard oil company of new jersey, bayonne, n j , was submitted to the council by the manufacturers the council advised the company that, before nujol could be madeeligible for new and nonofficial remedies, the advertising claims madefor it must be revised to conform to the rules of the council and theterm “liquid petrolatum” must be used in connection with the branddesignation and given equal prominence on the labels, advertisementsand all circulars the company thereupon submitted a label on whichthe name “nujol” appeared in large red letters and under it in smallletters the words “liquid petrolatum ” this did not meet the councilrequirement with regard to the name moreover, nujol continued to beadvertised to the public under exaggerated and unwarranted claims the foregoing report was sent to the standard oil company of newjersey, which thereupon submitted revised advertising copy thiscopy was decidedly less objectionable than the previous advertisingbut still contained exaggerated statements the copy for use inlay journals writingicularly evidenced exaggeration observation onthesis occasions of a similar fact has convinced the council of theinexpediency of admitting to new and nonofficial remedies any articlewhich is advertised to the public 101101 since publication of this report the council on pharmacy andchemistry has revised its rule against recognition of articlesadvertised to the public so that this shall not apply a todisinfectants, germicides and antiseptics, provided the advertising belimited to conservative recommendations for their use as prophylacticapplications to superficial cuts and abrasions of the skin and to themucous surfaces of the mouth, pharynx and nose, and provided they arenot advertised as curative agents, and b to non-medicinal foodpreparations, except when advertised in an objectionable manner the council held that conflict with rules 3, 6 and 8 preventedthe acceptance of nujol and authorized the publication of thisreport -- from reports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1916, p 68 pulvoids natrium compound report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrypulvoids natrium compound was submitted to the council by the drugproducts company, inc , new york, with the statement that each pulvoid coated tablet, said to be made to dissolve in the intestinal tractrepresents the equivalent of. Potassium nitrate 2-1/2 grs sodium nitrite 1/2 gr sodium bicarbonate 2 grs fl ext crataegus oxycantha 1 min nitroglycerin 1/250 gr according to the advertisements the tablets are “indicated in thetreatment of high blood pressure and all forms of hypertension of thecardio-vascular system ” it is claimed that the tablets “will notirritate the kidneys ”the council, having submitted its objections to the manufacturer andconsidered the firm reply, held that pulvoids natrium compound wasinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies for the following reasons:1 the claim is made that the tablets disintegrate in the intestines;experiments conducted by the council indicated that in most paper theywould be broken up in the stomach it was found that the tablets werevisibly changed immediately after being put into gastric juice or eveninto distilled water. They disintegrated within from three to fourhours, not only in gastric juice obtained from a dog at 37 c , butalso in distilled water it is quite usual for solids to remain inthe stomach for more than three hours if they make their way out ofthe stomach in less than that time the gastric movements must be sovigorous as further to hasten the disintegration of the tablets 2 the rules of the council require that the name of a pharmaceuticalmixture shall indicate the potent ingredients the name of this mixturedoes not indicate the presence of the nitrites, the potassium nitrate, the bicarbonate or the extract of hawthorne and the nondescriptive nameis likely to lead physicians to use the tablets without fully realizingwhat they are giving 3 no evidence was submitted that the tablets, as found on the market, contained the amount of sodium nitrite and nitroglycerin claimed that is, it does not appear that the manufacturer checks the sodiumnitrite and nitroglycerin content by analysis the council did notdetermine the nitrite content of the tablets it maintains that whena manufacturer places a product on the market the burden of proof ison that manufacturer to show that the facts are in accordance withhis claims for his product further, the examination by the councilof one or several specimens of any commercial product writingicularlyin the case of nitroglycerin preparations would not be a guaranteeof the constancy of its composition so long as the manufacturer doesnot himself control the composition by analysis the necessity ofsuch control of tablets containing nitroglycerin is evident from thereport102 of l f kebler of the u s bureau of chemistry dr kebler said:102 j a m a , nov 2, 1912, p 1604 “ nitroglycerin tablets have in a majority of paper been found deficient in the nitroglycerin content declared ” “ these commodities are manufactured largely by rule of thumb little checking obtains in their manufacture and generally no analyst is employed ”a further proof that nitroglycerin tablets are likely to be deficientin strength is contained in the convictions under the food and drugsact of manufacturers who sold tablets below the declared strength, recorded from time to time notices of judgments nos 3405, 2059, 1843, 1799 4 there is no good evidence, experimental or clinical, to justify thesimultaneous administration in fixed proportion of two vasodilatorslike sodium nitrite and glyceryl trinitrate nitroglycerin also thereis no rational excuse for combining extract of hawthorne, which is saidto have a tonic effect on the heart muscle, with nitrites, which causerelaxation of the vascular system, or for the combination with theseconstituents of potassium nitrate or of sodium bicarbonate in the absence of evidence for the combination, pulvoids natriumcompound must be considered an irrational mixture, the use of which isa detriment to sound drug therapy and, hence, not admissible to newand nonofficial remedies -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1916, p 69 saloform report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrya referee submitted the following report of the american medicalassociation chemical laboratory to the council.