History

Informative Essay Ideas


Whereasif the foreign body stop in the larynx or trachea, both sides will beaffected the latter condition is much more dangerous the symptomswould be resonance over the lung with the respiratory murmur writingly orwholly absent. Less mobility. Puerile breathing on the unaffected side in either case there may at first be little disturbance, especiallyif the shape of the foreign body is such as not to greatly interferewith the access of air. Otherwise there may be at once, and almostalways will be after a time, more or less urgent dyspnœa diminution ofthe necessary oxygen may cause convulsions, apoplexy, and other brainsymptoms acute emphysema of the portion of lung not obstructed mayfollow its forcible distention the local effect of the foreign body isan irritation which causes spasm and cough it may be carried upward bythe expirations and downward again by each inspiration inflammationis likely to appear eventually and may involve the lung if theobstruction is not complete there may follow periods of alternation ofgood and bad health, ending perhaps in recovery the foreign body maybe expelled after a greater or lesser interval on the other hand deathmay result from secondary causes in the absence of correct historythe symptoms may lead to a wrong diagnosis and inappropriate treatment;as where a patient whose symptoms resulted from the presence of a pieceof bone in the larynx, was treated for syphilis a foreign body may becoughed up from the lung into the trachea and fall backward into theopposite lung writingial closure of the larynx, most likely caused by a flat orirregular substance, rather than globular, may cause gradual asphyxiawith symptoms of apoplexy, making the diagnosis difficult when a foreign body remains a long time in the larynx, spasmodic coughand croupy breathing usually ensue, expectoration tinged with blood, hoarseness, or complete aphonia, pain, dyspnœa, possibly crepitationand dulness over the lungs the case may end suddenly in death fromclosure of the glottis, or the foreign body may pass into the tracheaand set up a new train of symptoms, or it may be expelled the frequency with which foreign bodies in the pharynx or œsophagusobstruct respiration, and the facility with which they may usually beremoved, suggest a careful examination otherwise the patient may betreated indefinitely for supposed obstruction in the air-passages foreign bodies in the œsophagus have perforated into the trachea, andeven the lungs, heart, and aorta in complete suffocation death will occur in from two to five minutes see remarks under strangulation death may also occur instantaneously the experiments of the committee on suspended animation890 showed that when the trachea of a dog was exposed, incised, and a tube tied in, the average time covered by the respiratory efforts after stopping up the tube with a cork was four minutes five seconds. The heart-beat stopping at seven minutes eleven seconds on the average after four minutes ten seconds it seemed to be impossible for the dog, unaided, to recover faure891 made the following experiment upon a large dog. He fixed a cork in the trachea at first the dog was quiet. It then extended its neck, writinged its jaws, and made efforts as if to vomit. Then tried to walk, but its gait was uncertain. Fell down and rose up its eyes became dull, and finally it fell down on its side, and became convulsed. Then after several seconds stretched itself out the thoracic movements were at first tumultuous, then became rapidly feeble.

The root is great, white and thick, growing down deep intothe ground, and abides thesis years there is another sort of field scabious different in nothing from theformer, but only it is smaller in all respects the corn scabious differs little from the first, but that it is greaterin all respects, and the flowers more inclining to purple, and the rootcreeps under the upper crust of the earth, and runs not deep into theground as the first doth place the first grows more usually in meadows, especially aboutlondon every where the second in essay of the dry fields about this city, but not soplentifully as the former the third in standing corn, or fallow fields, and the borders of suchlike fields time they flower in june and july, and essay abide flowering untilit be late in august, and the seed is ripe in the mean time there are thesis other sorts of scabious, but i take these which i havehere described to be most familiar with us the virtues of both theseand the rest, being much alike, take them as follow government and virtues mercury owns the plant scabious is veryeffectual for all sorts of coughs, shortness of breath, and all otherdiseases of the breast and lungs, ripening and digesting cold phlegm, and other tough humours, voids them forth by coughing and spitting. Itripens also all sorts of inward ulcers and imposthumes. Pleurisy also, if the decoction of the herb dry or green be made in wine, and drankfor essay time together four ounces of the clarified juice of scabioustaken in the morning fasting, with a dram of mithridate, or venicetreacle, frees the heart from any infection of pestilence, if after thetaking of it the writingy sweat two hours in bed, and this medicine beagain and again repeated, if need require the green herb bruised andapplied to any carbuncle or plague sore, is found by certain experienceto dissolve and break it in three hours space the same decoction alsodrank, helps the pains and stitches in the side the decoction of theroots taken for forty days together, or a dram of the powder of themtaken at a time in whey, doth as matthiolus saith wonderfully helpthose that are troubled with running of spreading scabs, tetters, ringworms, yea, although they proceed from the french pox, which, hesaith he hath tried by experience the juice or decoction drank, helpsalso scabs and breakings-out of the itch, and the like the juice alsomade up into an ointment and used, is effectual for the same purpose the same also heals all inward wounds by the drying, cleansing, andhealing quality therein. And a syrup made of the juice and sugar, isvery effectual to all the purposes aforesaid, and so is the distilledwater of the herb and flowers made in due season, especially to beused when the green herb is not in force to be taken the decoction ofthe herb and roots outwardly applied, doth wonderfully help all sortsof hard or cold swellings in any writing of the body, is effectual forshrunk sinews or veins, and heals green wounds, old sores, and ulcers the juice of scabious, made up with the powder of borax and samphire, cleanses the skin of the face, or other writings of the body, not onlyfrom freckles and pimples, but also from morphew and leprosy. The headwashed with the decoction, cleanses it from dandriff, scurf, sores, itch, and the like, used warm the herb bruised and applied, doth ina short time loosen, and draw forth any splinter, broken bone, arrowhead, or other such like thing lying in the flesh scurvygrass descript the ordinary english scurvygrass hath thesis thick flatleaves, more long than broad, and essaytimes longer and narrower;essaytimes also smooth on the edges, and essaytimes a little waved;essaytimes plain, smooth and pointed, of a sad green, and essaytimes ablueish colour, every one standing by itself upon a long foot-stalk, which is brownish or greenish also, from among which arise thesis slenderstalks, bearing few leaves thereon like the other, but longer and lessfor the most writing.

While it is an aid, i consider the quoted statement to be very erroneous ”dr f , d c , wrote. “while it is doubtless true that acute urethritis, gonorrheal, is now generally treated by local injections of solutions of organic silver salts, and that santal oil is often used, it is not true, as one would infer from the quotation, that the balsams are now considered more efficacious than they were formerly so far as i know they have not lost or regained anything during the past dozen years in the way of confidence reposed in them the indications for their use is very definite and very limited ”dr b , ga , wrote. “ in recent years i have almost abandoned the use of balsams, etc , in the treatment of gonorrhea patients, who are properly treated otherwise, seem to get along as well without such drugs as with them, in fact apparently better for they have no gastric disturbance it is important for patients to drink freely of water and when so doing the balsams are so diluted that i cannot conceive of their doing much good formerly my patients often lost weight during the treatment of gonorrhea. Now, without balsams and with plenty of water, they usually gain in weight ”dr s , mich , wrote. “ we believe that in a general way their statement is true though a trifle too sweeping we do not ordinarily use the balsams in uncomplicated anterior urethritis we do however, find indication for their administration in from sixty to seventy five per cent of all paper of acute gonorrhea at essay time during the course of the disease ”dr l , mo , wrote. “i would say that the statement that, ‘the combined treatment with local injections and internal administration of natural balsamic products completely dominates modern gonorrheal therapy, ’ is far from representing the facts while the balsamics may occasionally have an indirect soothing effect on the mucous membranes involved, the dominant factor is local treatment, aiming at disinfection and restoration to normal of the inflamed tissues ”dr r , mich , wrote. “regarding your request although i am willing to reply it is difficult to do so because if i should do so in the affirmative that could apply only to certain acute paper without complication of any kind and such paper are rare in such, however, the advertiser is not far from right-- since vaccine therapy has proven absolutely worthless we must fall back on antiseptics in acute urethritis when there are no objections to such treatment ”dr k , ill , wrote. “i am under the impression that the internal administration of balsamics is used only when complications arise, such as acute posterior urethritis personally i use the balsamics very, very rarely from my observation, however, i am led to believe that thesis men still use internal drugs in the treatment of gonorrhea, and during the past few years, i should say the use of hexamethylenamin has been on the increase, and the use of the balsams on the decrease i do not believe that hexamethylenamin is of any value in the treatment of gonorrhea, and am simply citing this as my observation of the widespread use of this drug in the treatment of gonorrhea ”dr t , penn , wrote. “ i believe that more men use salol or hexamethylenamin, or no urinary antiseptic whatsoever, than use the balsamics ”dr b , ind , wrote. “ the only systemic treatment that is considered necessary today is rest, plenty of water and neutralize the acidity of the urine with bicarbonate of soda or essay sodium salt ”dr y , mass , wrote:“sandal wood oil during the acute stage of gonorrhea certainly tends tomake the patient more comfortable and undoubtedly does lend essay tho ibelieve slight gonococcidal action that it plays any considerablewriting in actual cure i think is doubtful the statement as quotedis true in so far as it states that local treatment plus internalmedication with a balsam comprises most of the modern treatment ofgonorrhea but it is grossly misleading in that it lets one draw theinference that the balsam plays a large if not the principal writing ”dr h , new york, wrote. “for a period of at least three years in my hospital, dispensary and private practice, i conscientiously tried out most of the balsamics on the market including gonosan, which i favored for essay time both alone, and combined with local injections as a result of this study, i have come to the conclusion that the balsamics have little, if any value in the treatment of gonorrhea during the past few years i have relied almost entirely on local therapy, and seldom prescribed any of the balsams in my private practice, certainly in not more than 5 per cent of the paper my results i find are just as satisfactory, and my patients appreciate the fact that they are not loaded up with disagreeable medication instead of the balsamics, i am using sodium bicarbonate more and more, and feel convinced that the proper use of this drug is of more value than all of them combined ”dr k , cal , wrote.

During the past year influenzahas again been the selling point the case described by dr lambert is not the first example of themisuse of names and statements of physicians last december thepineoleum concern was sending out an advertising card in which dr mccoy of the united states public health service was quoted asrecommending pineoleum as the “bulwark of prevention” and “battery ofrelief” in influenza of course, dr mccoy never said anything of thesort a protest against this writingicular falsehood resulted in anothercard being sent out several months later by the pineoleum peoplepurporting to explain and apologize for the misquotations and puttingthe blame on the printer the “apology” ended with a postscript inlarger and bolder face type than the body of the card that urgedphysicians to “secure our liberal introductory advertising propositionon improved oil nebulizer outfits ” from the standpoint of publicityfor pineoleum, the “explanation and apology” was informative essay ideas doubtless as good anadvertisement as the original card of misrepresentation -- ed -- fromthe journal a m a , nov 1, 1919 “proteal therapy” and henry smith williams to the editor:-- will you please advise as to the success and safeness in using the proteal treatment for tuberculosis by henry smith williams, m d , ll d , 104 east 40th street, new york?. c p burchard, alamogordo, n m to the editor:-- kindly send me any available information on “the proteal treatment for cancer ” an article by dr henry smith williams, 120 west 32 street, new york city, in april hearst has caused relatives to request its use in a case of carcinoma of the liver under my care m m reppard, middlebourne, w va to the editor:-- i am enclosing a leaflet, mailed to me on request, by dr henry smith williams of new york city, who published a series of articles during the last year in hearst magazine on “proteal therapy ” if you have investigated this man and his proteal treatment, i should like to know the result of your findings i am a consumptive and am, therefore, writingicularly interested in its alleged benefactions for the treatment of tuberculosis michael a long, glen lake sanitarium, hopkins, minn to the editor:-- what information can you give me regarding henry smith williams, m d , ll d , 104 east fortieth street, new york, and the therapeutic value of the “proteal therapy” that he has originated?. m d baker, m d , san jose, calif the above letters are selected from thesis received on the subject henry smith williams is better known in the journalistic world thanin the field of scientific medicine he was graduated by the chicagomedical college in 1884 in the thirteen issues of medical directoriesof the united states that have been published during the past thirtyyears dr williams’ name does not appear-- except for the issues of1890 and 1893-- until the 1914 edition so far as we have been ableto find, dr williams had not until 1915 contributed any articles tomedical journals the catalog of the surgeon general library containsno reference to any articles of dr williams except those that haveappeared in popular magazines the volumes of the index medicus from1907 until 1914, inclusive, also contain no references to any articlesby him in medical journals the journal‘s author index to currentmedical literature from 1900 to 1914, inclusive, fails to record anyarticles by dr williams in medical journals dr williams’ articles, however, in popular magazines have been voluminous and numerous essaytimes his articles have been under his own name and essaytimesunder the nom de plume, “stoddard goodhue, m d ” under the latter namethe cosmopolitan published articles on “adding years to your life, ”“battle of the microbes, ” “do you choose your children?. ” and “what isthe matter with your brain?. ” under his own name articles have appearedin popular magazines on such subjects as “burbank way with flowers, ”“every woman her own burbank, ” “why not live forever?. ” “science ofbreeding kings, ” “new cancer treatment” and “new hope for rheumatismsufferers ” in addition, dr williams has published books on suchsubjects as “history of the art of writing, ” “historians’ history ofthe world, ” “story of nineteenth century science, ” “luther burbank, ”“twilight sleep” and others the goodhue company of new york city, which publishes essay of dr williams’ books has, we understand, forits president, dr henry smith williams, for its vice president, dr williams’ wife, and for its secretary-treasurer, dr williams’ daughter readers of the journal will remember the publicity given in 1915and 1916 to an alleged treatment for cancer, essaytimes called the“horowitz-beebe autolysin treatment ” the method was heralded widelyboth in a certain portion of the medical press and in popular magazinesand newspapers a popular article by henry smith williams on “the newcancer treatment” appeared in the illustrated world for october, 1915, with pictures of dr horowitz, dr beebe, etc a month or twolater, physicians received, gratis, from the goodhue company a neatlybound little book on “alcohol hygiene and legislation, ” by e h williams, m d brother of henry smith williams enclosed with itwas a letter from the goodhue company asking physicians to accept thebook the body of the letter was devoted to calling the attention ofphysicians to an “important work” by dr henry smith williams on “theautolysin treatment of cancer” that the goodhue company was publishing with the letter, there was a small advertising pamphlet “issued bythe autolysin laboratory” and advertising that product in addition, the last thirteen pages of the book on “alcohol hygiene” containedadvertisements of the goodhue company publications with writingicularemphasis four pages of it on the “autolysin treatment of cancer, ” byhenry smith williams in may, 1917, physicians in the west received a letter from the“ellison-white chautauqua system” informing them that dr henry smithwilliams was to lecture at “your chautauqua” and reminding them that“he has recently issued two volumes, ‘the autolysin treatment ofcancer’ which he believes will be his greatest contribution to medicalscience ” the present “proteal” treatment appears to be a modificationof the “autolysin” treatment dr williams, in attempting to justifythe use of his “proteal” in tuberculosis, cancer, rheumatism, etc , takes advantage of certain investigations bearing on the nonspecificreactions resulting from the parental injection of foreign proteins so far as we can discover, there is no scientific evidence to indicatethat the “proteal” treatment expounded by williams is of value in thetreatment of cancer, tuberculosis or the other numerous diseases forwhich the “proteals” are recommended it is a question whether such articles as those on “the protealtreatment of cancer, ” “new hope for rheumatism sufferers, ” etc , published in popular magazines or newspapers serve any useful publicpurpose may they not, on the contrary, by raising false hopes, causemuch mental suffering and do scientific medicine great harm?. -- fromthe journal a m a , july 6, 1918 proteogens commercial therapeuticsmm see index for additional articles on proteogens a report of the council on pharmacy and chemistry that appearselsewhere253 in this book deals with another attempt to foist onour profession a series of essentially secret preparations whosetherapeutic value has not been scientifically demonstrated grotesquelyextravagant claims are advanced as to the therapeutic potency andrange of action of substances of whose nature and effects we haveno trustworthy information physicians are advised to use-- and thesisundoubtedly are using-- these alleged remedies in the treatment ofdiseases in which delay in the proper kind of treatment may be ofthe greatest danger to the patient as stated, there is availableno reliable information regarding the effects of these substanceswhen they are introduced in the human body they may have no effectwhatever, or they may produce more or less direct injury. In eithercase, there is the chance that damage, even irreparable to the patient, may result because rational treatment is withheld 253 page 227 if we accept the statement that the preparations are largely vegetableproteins, it is a fair inference that, under certain conditions, they may cause a febrile reaction of the same general nature as thatcaused by other foreign proteins when injected into the body we knowthat such reactions are not without danger and that the treatment ofcertain infections by induced reactions to foreign proteins is strictlyan experimental procedure to be undertaken only under very specialconditions there is, therefore, no known valid reason why a physicianshould assume the responsibility for using these alleged remedies inthe treatment of his patients. There is a very obvious reason why heshould not-- the therapeutic instructions of “the house of merrell, always interested in the progress of plant therapy” to the contrarynotwithstanding it is the old story of exploiting physicians throughcommercial pseudoscience. Of trading on the credulity of the professionto the detriment of the public as osler254 recently protested sovigorously:254 advance pages, the oxford medicine, 1919, vol 1, writing 3, p 245 essay time ago a pamphlet came from x and company, characterized by brazen therapeutic impudence, and indicating a supreme indifference to anything that could be called intelligence on the writing of the recipients that these firms manufacturing pharmacists have the audacity to issue such trash indicates the state of thraldom in which they regard us and i would protest against the usurpation on the writing of these men of our function as teachers why, for example, should y and company write as if they were directors of large genito-urinary clinics instead of manufacturing pharmacists?. it is none of their business what is the best treatment for gonorrhea-- by what possibility could they ever know it, and why should their literature pretend to the combined wisdom of neisser and guyon?.

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If they will not, i cannot help it if any fancy not pottage, they may eat the herb as a sallad crosswort this herb receives its name from the situation of its leaves descript common crosswort grows up with square hairy brown stalksa little above a foot high, having four small broad and pointed, hairyyet smooth thin leaves, growing at every joint, each against other oneway, which has caused the name towards the tops of the stalks at thejoints, with the leaves in three or four rows downwards, stand small, pale yellow flowers, after which come small blackish round seeds, fourfor the most writing, set in every husk the root is very small, and fullof fibres, or threads, taking good hold of the ground, and spreadingwith the branches over a great deal of ground, which perish not inwinter, although the leaves die every year and spring again anew place it grows in thesis moist grounds, well in meadows as untilledplaces, about london, in hampstead church-yard, at wye in kent, andsundry other places time it flowers from may all the summer long, in one place orother, as they are more open to the sun. The seed ripens soon after government and virtues it is under the dominion of saturn this isa singularly good wound herb, and is used inwardly, not only to staybleeding of wounds, but to consolidate them, as it doth outwardly anygreen wound, which it quickly solders up, and heals the decoction ofthe herb in wine, helps to expectorate the phlegm out of the chest, and is good for obstructions in the breast, stomach, or bowels, andhelps a decayed appetite it is also good to wash any wound or sorewith, to cleanse and heal it the herb bruised, and then boiled appliedoutwardly for certain days together, renewing it often. And in the meantime the decoction of the herb in wine, taken inwardly every day, dothcertainly cure the rupture in any, so as it be not too inveterate. Butvery speedily, if it be fresh and lately taken crowfoot thesis are the names this furious biting herb has obtained, almost enoughto make up a welchman pedigree, if he fetch no farther than john ofgaunt, or william the conquerer. For it is called frog-foot, from thegreek name barrakion. Crowfoot, gold knobs, gold cups, king knob, baffiners, troilflowers, polts, locket gouions, and butterflowers abundance are the sorts of this herb, that to describe them all wouldtire the patience of socrates himself, but because i have not yetattained to the spirit of socrates, i shall but describe the most usual descript the most common crowfoot has thesis thin great leaves, cutinto divers writings, in taste biting and sharp, biting and blisteringthe tongue.