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And atable based on this, and other data, is given in “pharmacology ofuseful drugs” published by the american medical association ordinaryfoods in an ample diet contain enough iron to supply the normal dailyloss, which amounts to only a few milligrams, but thesis persons whohave poor appetites take an insufficient amount of iron in their foodand become anemic in such paper the additional iron required can besupplied best by adding spinach, eggs, apples, or other iron-rich foodto the dietary essay iron combinationswilliam hunter discusses the subject of anemia and its treatment atconsiderable length in the “index of treatment, ” ed 6, pp 17-37, and gives thesis prescriptions containing iron for use under differentconditions. And while it is unnecessary to reproduce all of these here, a few may be given in order to suggest suitable methods of prescribingiron when it cannot be given in sufficient amounts in the food in chlorosis hunter advises that that form of iron which experience hasshown to be least disturbing to the patient stomach should be used, and he suggests separate stomachic mixtures to be used simultaneously, not mixed with the iron itself when constipation exists-- and this is avery common accompaniment of chlorosis-- he gives the following aperientiron combination. gm or c c ℞  ferrous sulphate |25 gr iv magnesium sulphate 4| ʒ i aromatic sulphuric acid |5 ♏ vii tincture of ginger |7 ♏ x compound infusion of gentian b p q s , ad 30| ℥ ithis, constituting a single dose, is to be taken twice daily-- at11 a m and 6 p m a little compound tincture of gentian andwater may be used in place of the compound infusion of the britishpharmacopeia he modifies this essaywhat as occasion demands by usingsodium sulphate and adding sodium bicarbonate which converts thesulphate of iron into ferrous carbonate and adds 10 minims of spiritof chloroform to act as a stomachic hunter also suggests the use of pills of aloes and iron in place ofthe mixture described above, and when constipation has been corrected, the aloes may be omitted and the pill of ferrous carbonate alone maybe used for the iron hunter comment regarding this pill is, “verysatisfactory ”the same form of iron is available in the compound iron mixture, formerly official, which hunter says is exceedingly good in thiscountry the compound solution of iron and ammonium acetate, bashammixture, so called, has long enjoyed a wide reputation as causing verylittle disturbance of the stomach, and the homely tincture of ferricchlorid is probably useful in a large majority of paper in which thestomach is not especially irritable we may say with assurance that one of the forms suggested herewill suffice for practically every case in which it is necessaryto reinforce the amount of iron available in the food by essaypharmaceutical preparation if these do not satisfy your requirements, consult a really competent pharmacist and enlist his aid in devisinga mixture especially suited to your individual patient -- from thejournal a m a , dec 29, 1917 article iv cactina pilletsthis preparation may be considered briefly in view of the recentdiscussion in this series of articles of the pharmacology of thedigitalis group and the principles of treatment in cardiovasculardisease the manufacturers maintain that cactina is wholly unlikedigitalis, and that is the truth, as we shall show. But since theyclaim that it is useful in certain conditions of the heart in whichdigitalis is commonly employed by well informed clinicians, it isnecessary to consider its cardiac actions-- or its lack of them!. it isdifficult to determine just what action cactina is supposed to exert onthe heart for example, one advertisement contains the following. “cactina pillets a gentle cardiac tonic that supports and sustains the heart through its capacity to improve cardiac nutrition ”just how the cardiac nutrition is to be improved without an improvedcoronary circulation is not explained it would be interesting to knowin what other way this is to be accomplished, and how an improvedcoronary circulation can be induced without acting on the heart orvessels but that is what digitalis does, and you should remember thatcactina is so very different from digitalis!. then again.

Was really dead in twenty-eight minutes in incomplete hanging the upper how to write the perfect college essay limbs may have any position. The lowerlimbs are disposed according to the position of the body paper 1, 10, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 37, 43, 50, 56 faure829 made thesis observations on dogs which he killed by hanging he describes the results as follows. The dog remains quiet usually twenty to thirty seconds, essaytimes eight to ten minutes. Then becomes violently agitated, the body being thrown forward and backward so powerfully that it bounds to a great height. The head is in motion. The jaws writinged. The feet extended and flexed. Essaytimes brought up to the mouth and neck, trying to remove the obstruction. The inside of the mouth is violet-colored. Tongue blackish, livid, may be bitten, often falls backward. The teeth are ground together. The eyes essaytimes protrude. Conjunctivæ congested. Urine and fæces discharged the agitation lasts two to five minutes, and then the dog gradually becomes quiet toward death, however, the agitation is renewed but in a different way. The fore feet are raised and put forward, the tongue often has a peculiar spasm, the chest is raised, the eyes drawn back into the orbits, pupils contracted. All of this is over within two seconds such paroxysms may be repeated half a dozen times in dying, the eye oscillates from side to side and the pupil dilates the heart beats essay time longer francis bacon records that he knew a man who wanted to find out by experience if there was any suffering in hanging he placed the cord around his neck and stepped off a bench, intending to step back again, but became immediately unconscious and would have died but for the opportune arrival of a friend he said he saw a light before his eyes treatment the first indications obviously are to let the subject down, and removeall constriction of neck and chest artificial respiration should thenbe used, and this may be assisted by the vapor of ammonia to the noseand tickling the fauces if the body is warm, cold affusions may beapplied to the head and chest, and galvanism may be used if the body is cold, apply warmth friction of the limbs aids inrestoring warmth if the subject can swallow give stimulants.

It helps the vertigo or dissiness of thehead, melancholy sad thoughts. You may boil it either alone, or withother herbs fit for the same purpose, with which this treatise willfurnish you. Applied to the wrists, it helps the ague matrisylva the same with caprifolium meliotus melilot inwardly taken, provokes urine, breaks the stone, cleanses the reins and bladder, cutteth and cleanses the lungs oftough flegm, the juice dropped into the eyes, clears the sight, intothe ears, mitigates pain and noise there. The head bathed with thejuice mixed with vinegar, takes away the pains thereof. Outwardly inpultisses, it assuages swellings in the privities and elsewhere mellissa balm hot and dry. Outwardly mixed with salt and applied tothe neck, helps the king-evil, bitings of mad dogs, venomous beasts, and such as cannot hold their neck as they should do.

“one of the most important characteristics of kalak is the close approximation of its formula to the correlation of the contained salts as they occur in the human body, together with its freedom from salts foreign to the human economy another is its almost unbelievable palatability, considering its high degree of alkalinity, it being eleven times greater than any other known mineral water, artificial or natural ”these statements are false the salts dissolved here bear nodiscernible relation to the needs of the body, as disclosed by thecomposition of the blood or solid tissues or as shown by the characterof the urinary excretion how to write the perfect college essay the last statement concerning the highalkalinity is neither clear nor accurate then, this warning and remedy. “it seems to be an unappreciated fact that the degree of urinary acidity, checked with the acidity of the saliva, is in direct ratio to the existing acid toxemia, and a urine acid to methyl red should be the signal for immediate and adequate alkalinizing treatment “startling clinical results have been observed by physicians who have used kalak thoughtfully and sufficiently in the more serious types of acidosis associated with diabetes, nephritis, rheumatism, gout and the acute infections there is also evidence of its good effect in acute alcoholism and the respiratory edemas. In fact a certain few have hailed kalak as a possible solution of the annual hay fever problem of perhaps supreme importance, however, is the use of kalak throughout pregnancy as preventive medicine against the inevitable ‘toxemia of pregnancy ’”also this. “kalak has accomplished certain unexplainable things for the diabetic and nephritic, and if, in future years, diabetes and nephritis should prove to be constitutional diseases, based upon functionation or its lack, kalak therapy, the embodiment of physiological alkalescence may come into its own, for if acidity retards, alkalinity must normalize functionation ”it is not necessary to quote further in order to insure that everyonewill recognize the great need of kalak it is advised to test the urinefor acidity by means of a group of indicator solutions sent out to thephysicians methyl red is one of these and any urine showing an acidreaction with this is said to be open to suspicion paranitrophenol isanother of the indicators and the explanations given of the behavior ofthe two and the conclusions to be drawn are questionable the methylred solution furnished is too concentrated for proper use and perfectlynormal urines from normal individuals have given a rather marked colorwith it this indicator gives essay color at h 1 2 × 10^{-6} and astrong reaction at 3 × 10^{-3} to condemn a urine on such a finding isentirely unwarranted sodium bicarbonate is the main constituent of the water the valueof the phosphate in such a combination, with so much calcium, isproblematical in case an alkaline reaction in the intestine is reachedessay of it would be left as insoluble phosphate a few grams ofbicarbonate daily would have equal therapeutic value with this water the advice based on the indications of methyl red and the urine is bad the committee report was sent to the kalak water company for comment the company promised to withdraw the advertising circular referred toin the report and disclaimed responsibility for the accuracy and valueof the set of indicators which it sent out, but, on the whole, theprevious advertising claims were insisted on in view of the absurd and false claims made for the product the councildeclared kalak water inadmissible to n n r -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1917, p 148 minson soluble iodin “kelpidine” not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryminson soluble iodin “kelpidine” was submitted to the council byj j minson, washington, d c , trading as the kelpidine company, with the statement that in future “literature” it was to be known asminson soluble iodin, only the following statement of compositionwas furnished. “minson soluble iodin is essaywhat of an indefinite character, chemically its formula is, iodin 4 per cent , distilled water 6 per cent , and absolute alcohol q s 100 per cent by a process of chilling and heating an iodid of uncertain character is produced, and because of the extreme sensitiveness of the product to chemical tests, it is hard to determine so far as i have been able to judge, however, the result is about 3 or 3-1/2 per cent free iodin and from 1/2 per cent to 1 per cent iodid, possibly ethyl and hydrogen iodid in combination ”the a m a chemical laboratory reports that the preparation is analcoholic solution containing free iodin and iodid, probably hydrogeniodid and ethyl iodid, but that the free iodin content was only2 69 gm per 100 c c it is claimed that the “therapeutic indications” of minson solubleiodin are the “same as those of all iodin and iodid preparations, internally, externally, hypodermically and intravenously. Excepting, however, counter irritation ” it is admitted that there are no“clinical reports” as to the hypodermic and intravenous use, but thebelief is expressed “that in an emergency it is a safe remedy underproper dilution ” it is further claimed that “for all practicalpurposes it is nontoxic and nonirritating” and that “it has none ofthe undesirable features such as is the case with the iodids and theorganic preparations of iodin, proprietary or otherwise ”it was assigned for consideration to the committee on pharmacology, whose referee reported:“according to the information submitted, this is a tincture of iodin;differing from the official tincture in that it is more dilute and inthat hydrogen and ethyl iodid is the solvent in place of potassiumiodid it is practically immaterial for internal administration, whether the cation of the solvent iodid is hydrogen, ethyl, potassiumor sodium it would certainly be inadvisable to inject a preparationcontaining free iodin hypodermically it is not ‘a safe remedy’ forintravenous injection and it would not be nonirritant the statementthat ‘it has none of the undesirable features’ of other iodin compoundsis inherently impossible apparent freedom of any iodin preparationfrom undesirable effects is generally due to the use of small doses such claims are plainly therapeutic exaggerations and therefore inconflict with rule 6 even should these be removed, the preparationmust be held an unessential modification of the official tincture, andtherefore in conflict with rule 10 ”the report was agreed to by the committee and adopted by the counciland minson soluble iodin “kelpidine” declared inadmissible to newand nonofficial remedies -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1917, p 152 nutone report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrynutone nutone company, lowell, mass is a “nutritive tonic” said tohave the following complex composition. Cod liver oil, pure norwegian, 25 per cent malt extract, 9-1/3 per cent beef juice, glycerine, hypophosphite lime, hypophosphite soda, chemically pure, 1-1/2 grs each to the oz fl ext nux vomica, 3/64 of a minimum in each teaspoonful it is advertised with claims that will lead thoughtless physiciansand a confiding public to depend on it in paper in which fresh air, hygienic surroundings and nutritious food are of prime importance a sample package the phrase “as recommended by your physician” andother statements suggest that it is expected to be given the patientby the physician and thus effectively advertise nutone to the publicdescribes nutone as an “agreeable concentrated nutritive tonic emulsionof malt extract, beef juice and cod liver oil, combined with nervetonics and bone nutrients ” emphasizing the nutritive value of this“malt extract, beef juice, and cod liver oil” preparation, it isadvised, “as nutone is rich in nutritive properties, it is well tobegin with one-fourth teaspoonful, gradually increasing to regulardose, which is. Adults, 1 to 2 teaspoonfuls after meals and at bedtime children according to age ” it thus appears that adults are to takethis preparation as a “nutritive” in doses which represent from 3 to12 grains of sugar on the assumption that malt extract may contain asmuch as 50 per cent sugar and 8 to 30 minims of cod liver oil withunstated, but probably equally small, amounts of beef juice a consideration of the negligible food value of nutone as well asof the inefficiency of the other components and the claim that itis indicated in “malnutrition, ” “wasting diseases” and “incipientphthisis” classes nutone with that large group of shotgun mixtureswhich do harm in that dependence is placed on them in conditions inwhich the patient will probably be restored to health if proper medicaland hygienic measures are adopted in time the council declared nutone inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because it is an irrational shotgun mixture advertisedindirectly to the public with unwarranted therapeutic claims and anondescriptive therapeutically suggestive name -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1917, p 154 tri-arsenole, l o compound no 1 and l o compound no 2 report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrytri-arsenole -- according to the advertising of themedical supply company of atlanta, ga , “tri-arsenole” is“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride, ” and the claim is made. “this compound is the result of thesis years’ research the toxicity has been fully tested upon animals before using clinically, the latter having proven such complete success, we take pleasure in presenting it to the public ” “the manufacturers of tri-arsenol, before placing it upon the market, tested it biologically ”tri-arsenole is “recommended and suitable for the treatment of primary, secondary, tertiary and hereditary syphilis it has also been foundvery useful in pellagra and malaria ” the preparation is supplied inampules containing varying amounts of the dry substance it is to bedissolved in water and is to be administered intravenously in theadvertising attention is called to the yellow color of tri-arsenole;this, and the style of package suggest that it is a preparation similarto salvarsan in reply to a request sent the medical supply company for thequantitative composition and chemical formula of the compound“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” and for the details of the biologic testby which its toxicity is claimed to have been determined and evidencefor its efficiency, the following statement was received. “tri-arsenole no 1 equals to each ampoule, gr sodium chlorid 4-1/2 hydrarg chlor -cor 1/4 arsenous acid 1/4 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 2 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 4 hydrarg chlor -cor 1/2 arsenous acid 1/2 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 3 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 3-1/2 hydrarg chlor -cor 3/4 arsenous acid 3/4 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2 tri-arsenole no 4 equals to each ampoule, sodium chlorid 3 hydrarg chlor -cor 1 arsenous acid 1 sodium benzoate 4 hydrastin resinoid 2the request for information regarding the animal experiments said tohave determined the toxicity was ignored, nor were references suppliedto clinical reports demonstrating the value of the product the council declared tri-arsenole inadmissible to new and nonofficialremedies because of conflict with the rules as follows:in the absence of details of the method used, the claim that thepreparation has been tested biologically is in conflict with rule 2, which requires that for preparations claimed to be physiologicallystandardized the method of testing must be published so as to permit ofcontrol by independent investigators the claims that “merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” is “the result of thesisyears research, ” that its “toxicity has been fully tested upon animalsbefore using clinically” and that clinical use has “proven suchcomplete success” have not been substantiated by evidence and must beheld as unwarranted the name is in conflict with rule 8, which requires that pharmaceuticalmixtures shall bear names descriptive of their composition further, the name “tri-arsenole” by its similarity to diarsenol, the canadianbrand of arseno-phenolamin hydrochlorid, suggests that thispharmaceutical mixture is a chemical compound similar to salvarsan moreover, the danger of confusion is increased by the addition ofthe hydrastis preparation which imwritings a yellow color like that ofsalvarsan to the solution obtained when the colorless mercury andarsenic compounds of the mixture are dissolved again, the synonym“merco-arseno-benzo-chloride” conveys the false impression thattri-arsenole is a definite chemical compound the label does not declare the poisonous constituents claimed tobe contained in the mixture.

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Stops lasks, spitting of blood, andthe menses consolida major comfrey, i do not conceive the leaves to be sovirtuous as the how to write the perfect college essay roots consolida media bugles, of which before consolida minima daises consolida rubra golden rod. Hot and dry in the second degree, cleanses the reins, provokes urine, brings away the gravel. Anadmirable herb for wounded people to take inwardly, stops blood, &c consolida regalis, delphinium lark heels. Resist poison, help thebitings of venomous beasts saracenica solidago saracens confound helps inward wounds, soremouths, sore throats, wasting of the lungs, and liver coronepus buchorn plantane, or sea-plantain. Cold and dry, helps thebitings of venomous beasts, either taken inwardly, or applied to thewound. Helps the cholic, breaks the stone ægineta coronaria hath got thesis english names cottonweed, cudweed, chaffweed, and petty cotton of a drying and binding nature. Boiled inlye, it keeps the head from nits and lice. Being laid among clothes, itkeeps them safe from moths, kills worms, helps the bitings of venomousbeasts. Taken in a tobacco-pipe, it helps coughs of the lungs, andvehement headaches cruciata crosswort. there is a kind of gentian called also by thisname, which i pass by is drying and binding, exceeding good for inwardor outward wounds, either inwardly taken, or outwardly applied. And anexcellent remedy for such as are bursten crassula orpine very good.