History

How To Write A Tok Essay


Lighter heavier than water than water than water agno₃ added heavy ppt slight turbidity clear to alcoholic solution equal writings gives free how to write a tok essay gives free iodin no free iodin with ki iodin slowly, in 4 hours. In 4 hours solution noticeable not much in 1/2 hour equal writings much iodin small amount of no free iodin with 10% ki, immediately free iodin in in 3 hours 10% kio₃  few numbers. solution does not noticeably increase equal writings essay blackening. Reddish mixture. same with conc odor of hcl no hcl.

But no preference shallbe given to any school of medicine art 3, 632 when the board is satisfied as to the qualifications of an applicant, they are required to grant a certificate, which entitles him topractise medicine in any county when it has been recorded art 3, 633 any two members of the board may grant a certificate, and any membermay grant a temporary certificate upon examination, which shall be inforce until the next regular meeting of the board art 3, 634 the certificate must, before the person to whom it was granted isentitled to practise, be recorded in the office of the clerk of thedistrict court of the county in which such practitioner resides orsojourns, and when recorded the clerk shall certify thereon underhis official seal the fact and date of record, and shall return thecertificate to its owner art 3, 635 exceptions - this title does not apply to those who have alreadyqualified under the act of may 16th, 1873, nor to those regularlyengaged in the general practice of medicine in the state in any branchor dewritingment for five consecutive years prior to january 1st, 1875, nor to females who follow the practice of midwifery strictly as such art 3, 637 penalty - no person except those named in art 3, 637 can lawfullypractise medicine in any of its branches or dewritingments without havingfirst obtained and recorded a certificate of qualification as aboveprovided a person so offending shall be punished as provided in thepenal code art 3, 638 if any person shall practise for pay or as a regular practitionermedicine in any of its branches or dewritingments, or offer or attemptto practise medicine without first having obtained a certificate ofprofessional qualification from essay authorized board of medicalexaminers, or without having a diploma from essay actual medical collegechartered by the legislature of the state, or its authority, in whichthe same is situated, he shall be punished by a fine of not less than$50, nor more than $500 penal code, art 396 each patient visited or prescribed for, or each day offer to practiseconstitutes a separate offence art 397 if any person shall engage in the practice of medicine in any of itsbranches or dewritingments for pay or as a registered practitioner, without having first filed for record, with the clerk of the districtcourt of the county in which he resides or sojourns, a certificatefrom essay authorized board of medical examiners or a diploma from essayactual medical college, he shall be punished as prescribed in art 396 art 398 fees - to the clerk of the district court, for recording certificate, $1 r s , art 3, 635 to the board of examiners, for examination, $15, whether certificate isgranted or not r s , art 3, 636 utah board of examiners - the governor appoints by and with the advice andconsent of the council a board of seven medical examiners from thevarious recognized schools of medicine. Appointees are required to begraduates of a legally chartered medical college in good standing act1892, c 72, s 1 qualification - the board has power to issue certificates to all whofurnish satisfactory proof of having received degrees or licensesfrom a chartered medical college in good and legal standing, and passexaminations before said board 2 graduates of respectable medical colleges at the time of the passage ofthe act engaged in actual practice in the territory shall be licensedon presenting their degree to the board, and producing satisfactoryevidence of identity 4 every person holding a certificate from said board must have itrecorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which heresides within three months from its date, and the date of record mustbe indorsed thereon until the certificate is recorded, the holdershall not exercise any of the privileges conferred a person removingto another county to practise must record his certificate in likemanner in the county to which he removes 5 examinations shall be wholly or writingly in writing 7 the board may refuse to issue certificates to individuals guilty ofunprofessional or dishonorable conduct, the nature of which shall bestated in writing, and it may revoke certificates for like causes to bestated in writing 8 definition - any person is regarded as practising medicine who treats, operates upon, or prescribes for any physical ailment of another for afee, or who holds himself out by means of signs, cards, advertisements, or otherwise as a physician or surgeon exceptions - the act does not prohibit service in case of emergencyor the administration of family remedies, and does not apply tocommissioned surgeons of the united states army in discharge of theirofficial duties, or to visiting physicians in actual consultation9 offence - practising medicine or surgery without a certificate orcontrary to this act is a misdemeanor 10 persons not graduates who had practised continuously for ten yearsin the territory prior to the taking effect of the act were allowedsix months in which to comply with its provisions concerning them practising without complying with these provisions, and practisingafter rejection of an application or the revocation of certificate, isa violation of the law 11 obstetricians - persons practising obstetrics were required withinthree months after the passage of the act to apply to the board for acertificate, and after passing a proper examination were entitled toone practising obstetrics without first obtaining a license or contraryto this act is a misdemeanor. Provided all persons who furnish tosaid board satisfactory evidence by affidavit or otherwise of havingpractised obstetrics previous to the passage of the act, shall receivea license without an examination this section does not apply tophysicians holding certificates nor prohibit services in paper ofemergency, nor apply to persons practising obstetrics in communitieswhere there are no licensed practitioners 12 board meetings - the board is required to meet at the territorialcapital on the first monday of january, march, june, and september ofeach year at 10 a m , and such other times as the president of theboard shall deem necessary 13 colleges - “respectable medical colleges” include colleges in legalstanding of any recognized school of medicine 15 fees - to the treasurer of the board of examiners, for examination andcertificate, $25 3 to the treasurer of the board of examiners, for license to a graduate, $5 4 the secretary of the board is required to enter without fee, on theregister to be kept by him, the names of all persons to whom licensesare issued as physicians and surgeons 4 to the county recorder, for recording, his usual fees 5 to the treasurer of the board of examiners, upon examination forlicense to practise obstetrics, $10 to the treasurer of the board of examiners, upon license to practiseobstetrics without examination, $1 12 vermont qualification - the medical societies organized under a charter fromthe general assembly at each annual session elect a board of censors ofthree members, who may examine and license practitioners of medicine, surgery, and midwifery revised laws, 1880, s 3, 908 a practitioner of medicine, surgery, or midwifery who by sign oradvertisement offers his services to the public as a practitioner ofmedicine, surgery, or midwifery, or who by such sign or advertisementassumes the title of doctor, shall obtain a certificate from one ofsuch medical societies, either from a county, district, or statesociety 3, 909 a person not a resident of the state who has not received a diplomafrom a chartered medical college must obtain a certificate from a boardof censors before he shall be permitted to practise the medical art inthe state 3, 910 each board of censors must issue certificates without fee to physiciansand surgeons who furnish evidence by diploma from a medical collegeor university, or by a certificate of examination by an authorizedboard, which satisfies said censors that the person presenting suchcredentials has been, after due examination, deemed qualified topractise the branch mentioned in such diploma or certificate s 3, 911 the censors in their discretion shall notify the practitioner ofmedicine, surgery, or midwifery of this chapter, and require suchpersons to comply therewith within thirty days after notification orsuch further time as is allowed by the censors not exceeding ninetydays 3, 912 the certificate must set forth the branches of the medical art in whichthe person is qualified to practise 3, 913 the certificate must be recorded in the clerk office of the county inwhich the holder resides, or, if not a resident of the state, in thecounty in which he obtained his certificate 3, 914 a certificate issued by a board of censors is valid throughout thestate after being duly recorded the censors may revoke or annula certificate if in their judgment the holder has obtained itfraudulently or has forfeited his right to public confidence by theconviction of crime 3, 915 penalty - to practise medicine, surgery, or midwifery in the state, orsign a certificate of death for burial or removal unless authorized bya certificate issued and recorded, is punishable with a fine of from$50 to $200 for the first offence, and for subsequent offences with afine of from $200 to $500, recoverable by an action of debt for the useof any person who sues or by indictment 3, 916 no person practising either of the branches of medicine, surgery, ormidwifery is permitted to enforce in the courts the collection of afee or compensation for services rendered or medicine or materialfurnished in the practice of any of the branches for which he has not acertificate 3, 917 exceptions - the law does not apply to the practice of dentistry, norto the practice of midwifery by women in the town or locality in whichthey reside, nor to practitioners of medicine who resided and practisedmedicine in the state for five years previous to november 28th, 18763, 918 virginia board of examiners - there is a state board of medical examinersconsisting of three members from each congressional district and twofrom the state at large, and five homœopathic physicians from the stateat large code 1887, s 1, 744 the board is composed of men learned in medicine and surgery appointedby the governor from a list of names recommended by the medical societyof virginia, together with five homœopathic physicians nominatedto him by the hahnemann medical society of the old dominion therecommendations are required to be by votes of a majority present atessay meeting of such society. But if the governor considers any personso recommended unsuitable he may decline to appoint him, in which paperuch society shall within ninety days after notification make anotherrecommendation, and if the society fail to make a recommendation thegovernor is required to appoint such board in whole or in writing withoutregard to such recommendation if any examiner cease to reside in thedistrict for which he was appointed his office is deemed vacant s 1, 745 the regular meetings of the board are required to be held at least oncea year, and at such times and places as the board may prescribe, andspecial meetings may be held on the call of the president and any fivemembers 1, 746 qualification - the board at any of its meetings must examine allpersons making application to them who desire to practise medicineor surgery. When an applicant shall have passed an examinationsatisfactory as to proficiency before the board in session thepresident must grant a certificate to that effect if any applicantfail to pass a satisfactory examination before the board he shall notbe permitted to stand a further examination within the next threemonths, nor shall he be required again to pay the fees prescribed, butno applicant shall be rejected on his examination on account of hisadherence to any writingicular school of medicine or system of practice, nor on account of his views as to the method of treatment and the cureof disease when, in the opinion of the president of the board, the applicant hasbeen prevented by good cause from appearing before the board, he shallappoint a committee of three members who shall examine the applicantand may grant a certificate having the same effect as though grantedby a full board, until the applicant have an opportunity to appearbefore the board, when, if he fail to appear for examination, thepresident shall have the authority to revoke said certificate. Or inany case the president shall have authority, at his discretion, togrant a special permit to any applicant to practise medicine until heshall have an opportunity to appear before the board in session forexamination, revokable at the discretion of the president the boardhas in its discretion authority to accept in lieu of examination acertificate from a medical board of any other state, showing that theapplicant has passed a satisfactory examination as to his proficiency, and obtained a license from said board to practise medicine and surgeryin said state 1, 747, as amended act 1892, c 70 a person obtaining a certificate from the president of the board mustcause it to be recorded in the clerk office of the county or thecorporation court, of the county or corporation in which he resides, or, if he resides in the city of richmond, in the clerk office of thechancery court of the said city 1, 749 no person who shall have commenced the practice of medicine or surgerysince january 1st, 1885, or who shall hereafter commence the practiceof the same, shall practise as a physician or surgeon for compensationwithout having obtained a certificate and caused it to be recorded penalty - the violation of this act is punishable with a fine offrom $50 to $500 for each offence, and the violator is debarred fromreceiving compensation for services rendered as a physician or surgeon;a person assessed with a license tax as a physician or surgeon by anycommissioner of revenue prior to july 1st, 1892, shall be taken ashaving commenced the practice of medicine or surgery prior to thatdate. But any person who shall not have been so assessed shall be takenas not having commenced such practice prior to that date s 1, 750, as amended act 1892, c 70 non-residents - a physician or surgeon residing in an adjoining statewithin ten miles of the boundary line of this state, is entitled tostand the examination and receive a certificate, and the certificatemust be recorded in that county in the state nearest to his place ofresidence, and such certificate and recordation shall make it lawfulfor him to practise medicine and surgery in this state s 1, 751 exceptions - this chapter does not affect practitioners of dentistry, nor include physicians or surgeons residing in other states calledinto consultation in a special case with a physician or surgeonresiding in this state, nor does it affect in any way the laws inreference to the license tax 1, 752 nor does it apply tomidwives 1, 753 fees - to the board of examiners, before examination, $5 s 1, 747, as amended act 1892, c 70 to the clerk of the court, for recording, same fee as for recording adeed 1, 749 washington examining board - the governor is required to appoint a state medicalexamining board of nine members, learned and skilled in the practiceand theory of medicine and surgery act march 28th, 1890, s 1 the said board is required to hold meetings for examination on thefirst tuesday of january and july in each year, alternately in westernand eastern washington at such places as the board may designate theboard may call special meetings when, in the opinion of a majority ofthe board, they are necessary the board is required to keep a recordof all applicants for a license, with their ages, the time spent in thestudy and practice of medicine and surgery, and the name and locationof all institutions granting to such applicants degrees or certificatesof lectures in medicine or surgery, and whether such applicant wasrejected or licensed. And said register is prima facie evidence ofall matters therein recorded 2 qualification - every person desiring to commence the practice ofmedicine or surgery, or either of them, in any of their or itsbranches, must make a written application to the board for a license, supported by an affidavit of the applicant, setting forth the actualtime spent in the study of medicine and surgery, and when. Whethersuch study was in an institution of learning and, if so, its name andlocation. If not in such institution, where and under whose tutorshipsuch study was prosecuted, the time engaged in the actual practice, if at all, of medicine and surgery or either, and where, and the ageof the applicant at the time of the application, such applicationand affidavit to be filed and preserved of record in the office ofthe secretary of the board at the time and place designated bythe board or at a regular meeting of the board, applicants must beexamined in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, histology, materia medica, therapeutics, preventive medicines, the practice of medicine, surgery, obstetrics, diseases of women and children, of the nervous system, ofthe eye and ear, medical jurisprudence, and such other branches asthe board deem advisable the examination must be both scientific andpractical, and of sufficient severity to test the candidate fitnessto practise medicine and surgery, by written or printed, or writinglywritten and writingly printed, questions and answers, and the same arerequired to be filed and preserved of record in the said secretaryoffice after the examination, if it be satisfactory, the board shallgrant a license, by the consent of not less than five members, exceptas hereinafter provided refusal or revocation - the board may refuse or revoke a license forunprofessional or dishonorable conduct, subject to the right of appeal3 “unprofessional or dishonorable conduct” means. Procuring or aidingor abetting in procuring a criminal abortion. Or employing what arepopularly known as cappers or steerers. Or obtaining any fee on theassurance that a manifestly incurable disease can be permanentlycured. Or wilfully betraying a professional secret. Or advertisementsof medical business in which untruthful and improbable statements aremade.

Ibid , 1882, ii , p 1246 - suicidal maniac had tobe fed because he refused food was how to write a tok essay seen to be blue in the face andbreathing hard his mouth was forced open. Roll of flannel found inthroat macleod refers to another case, a woman in dissecting-room, with similar roll of flannel in throat see tidy, “med jur , ” paper 15 to 17 homicide 58 christison. Edin med jour , 1829, xxxi , pp 236-250 - thefamous burking case a woman was struck down to a sitting posture burke then threw himself on her, kept her down by the weight ofhis body, covered her mouth and nose with one hand and placed hisother hand under the chin for ten to fifteen minutes, till she died necroscopy showed a severing of the posterior ligamentous connectionsof the third and fourth cervical vertebræ, with blood in spinal canalbut not under the dura mater. Cord not injured christison madeexperiments to ascertain if the injury to spine had been made duringlife 59 hackel. Dorpat diss , 1891, p 35 - case of choking with pressureon breast and belly woman found lying on floor, with thesis injuries 60 tardieu. Op cit , p 315 - new-born infant. Found buried inearth mother stated that the child had not breathed putrefaction hadbegun there was a brownish tint of skin of upper front writing of neckbelow jaw. Drops of sanious fluid flowing from nose. Umbilical cord hadnot been tied. Subcutaneous hemorrhage in right temporal region. Brownbruised surface and contused wounds of pharynx, where writingicles likeashes and vomited matter were found lungs filled the pleural cavities, were rose-colored and showed abundant punctated subpleural ecchymoses;bloody, frothy mucus in trachea and bronchi. Essay serum in pericardium;respiration had been complete opinion given, that the infant had beensuffocated by obstruction of pharynx, probably by fingers 61 tardieu. Op cit , p 323 - new-born infant found under a cask, writingly eaten by a dog the head showed transverse flattening andsubcutaneous hemorrhage lungs voluminous, rosy. Abundant subpleuralecchymoses. Hemorrhage in left lung heart filled with fluid blood coagulated blood in abdomen opinion given, suffocation by pressure onhead, chest, and abdomen the mother confessed that she had placed thechild under the cask 62 ibid , p 325 - new-born infant found buried in the earth.

The resultswere most disappointing. “a certain or rather uncertain amount ofarsphenamine is absorbed into the blood, but the quantity is obviouslytoo small to be at all comparable in its effect with the intravenousadministration our conclusions are that the rectal administrationof arsphenamine or neoarsphenamine is an extremely feeble method ofadministering these drugs ”the report of the special committee on the manufacture, biologicalhistory and clinical administration of salvarsan and other substancesof the british national health insurance medical research committeecontains the following. “the rectal method of administration, either inthe form of solution or as suppositories, has been advocated by a fewobservers mainly for paper in which there is difficulty in the adoptionof the intravenous method the experiments made by mills at rochesterrow show that three enemata of ‘606’ 0 6 gm in each on successivedays failed to produce any effect on the spironemes in the lesions the general opinion of experienced workers is that the rectal methodis ineffective, and in this view the committee concur ”-- from thejournal a m a , oct 30, 1920 hypodermic solution no 13, iron, arsenic and phosphorus compound not accepted for n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary hypodermic solution no 13, iron, arsenic and phosphorus compound burdick-abel laboratory is said to contain in each c c. Ferrous citrate 0 06 gm sodium cacodylate 0 06 gm sodium glycerophosphate 0 1 gm chloretone 0 005 gm the preparation is advertised as “the old reliable hematinic” which is“indicated in all forms of anemia, where both red and white cells arelow ” it is for hypodermic or intramuscular administration the productis inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because:1 it does not contain ferrous citrate as claimed instead the iron isin the ferric condition, apparently in the form of the unofficial andunstandardized “iron citrate green” for which there is no evidence ofsuperiority over the official iron and ammonium citrate 134134 iron citrate green, the journal a m a , jan 12, 1917, p 135;reports council pharm and chem , 1916, p 42 2 its name gives no information on the form in which the iron, thearsenic and the phosphorus occur therein the term “arsenic” doesnot indicate whether the mild cacodylate or the potent arsenousoxid is being administered nor does the term “phosphorus” tell thephysician that he is administering the practically inert sodiumglycerophosphate 135-- from the journal a m a , nov 13, 1920 135 glycerophosphates, the journal a m a , sept 30, 1916, p 1033. Reports council pharm and chem , 1916, p 32 sodiumglycerophosphates reports council pharm and chem , 1916, p 52 parathesin not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary the local anesthetic ethyl paraminobenzoate was first introduced as“anesthesin” or “anæsthesin ” ethyl paraminobenzoate is not patentedin the united states and it may be manufactured, therefore, by anyfirm which chooses to do so in order that a common name by which todesignate the drug might be available, the council coined the name“benzocaine, ” as being short and easily remembered, but yet suggestiveof its composition and character “benzo” to indicate its derivationfrom benzoic acid and “caine” to indicate its cocaine-like properties as the term “anesthesin” had become a common name for the drug, thecouncil recognized this as a synonym for benzocaine one of the accepted brands for benzocaine is “anesthesin, ”manufactured by the h a metz laboratories, inc see new andnonofficial remedies, 1920, p 33 however, on april 19, 1920, themetz laboratories requested that its product be recognized underthe designation of “parathesin ” as the use of one substance underseveral names causes confusion and retards rational therapeutics, thecouncil rules provide against the recognition of proprietary namesfor nonproprietary, established drugs in view of this and becausethe legitimate interests of the manufacturer may be safeguardedby appending his name or initials to the common name, benzocaineor anesthesin, the council voted not to recognize the designation“parathesin ”-- from the journal a m a , nov 13, 1920 chlorlyptus report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe condensed report on chlorlyptus which follows and also a completedetailed report was sent to the proprietor, jan 9, 1920 in replyhe requested that publication be postponed pending the submission offurther clinical evidence as after nine months this evidence had notbeen received the council has authorized publication of its report w a puckner, secretary chlorlyptus is manufactured by chas a weeks, trading as the weekschemical company, philadelphia it is prepared by chlorinatingeucalyptus oil until it has bound 30 per cent of chlorin, the chlorinbeing in relatively stable combination it is claimed that chlorlyptusis a new “chlorinated antiseptic, ” highly efficient as a woundantiseptic and at the same time nonirritant and nontoxic chlorlyptusis offered for use in the treatment of local infections of all types, as well as of burns, and also as an antiseptic in the alimentary andgenito-urinary tracts the claims were based largely on reports of investigations made byphilip b hawk and his collaborators these reports the refereeof the committee in charge of chlorlyptus considered incompleteand unconvincing being advised of this mr weeks caused furtherinvestigations to be made essay of the information was checked andextended by the a m a chemical laboratory and by the referee the laboratory side of the investigation may now be considered ascomplete the results show that chlorlyptus is a feeble antiseptic ofthe aromatic oil type, considerably weaker than eucalyptus oil, bothas to therapeutic and toxic qualities the chlorin contained in it isbound too firmly to have any action. In fact, the chlorination appearsto have accomplished nothing more than a considerable destruction orweakening of the eucalyptus oil as far as the referee can judge, thisobject could have been accomplished just as effectively by dilutingordinary eucalyptus oil with essay indifferent solvent the manufacturer of chlorlyptus contends that if the experimentalfindings are against his product, it should be judged by the clinicaldata the clinical evidence, however, is not decisive it shows thatwounds healed and infections were prevented or successfully combated inpaper in which chlorlyptus was used in combination with good surgery, but it does not show how much of the result was due to the surgery andhow much, if any, to the use of chlorlyptus even if it were grantedas probable that the chlorlyptus contributed to the favorable outcome, it would still be a question whether it equals other establishedantiseptics, or whether it possesses any material advantages overdiluted eucalyptus oil until these points are established the clinicalreports cannot offset the unfavorable results of the laboratoryinvestigation the manufacturer has endeavored to obtain more convincing clinicalreports, but the lack of success in this direction during the past ninemonths gives little encouragement that acceptable clinical evidencewill be available within a reasonable time believing that the information which has been obtained should be madeavailable to the profession, the council authorized publication ofthis statement and also of the detailed report the council voted notto accept chlorlyptus for new and nonofficial remedies because of theunfavorable results of the laboratory investigation, but with theagreement that the product would receive further consideration shouldmore convincing clinical data become available i detailed reports summarized reports chemical nature of chlorlyptuschlorlyptus is prepared by chlorinating eucalyptus oil until ithas bound 30 per cent of chlorin “chlorlyptol” is prepared in ananalogous manner from eucalyptol there has been essay confusion as tothe composition. But the principal constituent is now stated to be “adichloride of eucalyptus oil, ” to which the formula c₁₀h₁₆ocl₂ hasbeen assigned it differs from the “chlorinated eucalyptus oil, ” asordinarily used for making dichloramin-t solutions, and which containsonly 2/3 per cent of chlorin availability of chlorin in chlorlyptusthe chlorin content of chlorlyptus is almost entirely firmly bound, and therefore not “available, ” in contrast to the group of so-calledchlorinated antiseptics i e , the hypochlorite and chloramin type for instance, it does not directly liberate iodin from iodid itcontains a very small quantity of free hydrochloric acid, or perhapsessay acid esters, and liberates a little more on prolonged contact withwater. But the total quantity liberated under reasonable conditions isvery small according to hawk data, they correspond only to 1/8 percent hcl even after standing with water overnight and to only 1/5 percent of hcl after two weeks the referee has shown that this quantityof acid has no therapeutic significance the “bound” chlorin of chlorlyptus, being chemically inactive, wouldhave no more practical significance than the bound chlorin in commonsalt the “ozone” said to be used during the preparation, to expel thehcl, has also practically disappeared, to judge by the slowness withwhich iodin is liberated from potassium iodid acid formationessay constituents of chlorlyptus hydrolyze slowly and to a slightdegree with the liberation of a trace of free hydrochloric acid according to the data of hawk report, the free acidity, in termof hcl, is 1/12 per cent on standing with water over night, thisincreases to 1/8 per cent on this basis, hawk proposed a theory that the claimed antisepticeffects of chlorlyptus are due to the continuous liberation ofhydrochloric acid experiments by the referee show this to be untenable the traces ofacid are neutralized and absorbed by the tissues so rapidly that anacid reaction is not maintained these experiments are described in theappendix they were submitted to the manufacturers, who in the name of mr weeks may 9, 1919 concede this conclusion and state that “there is nodoubt that the referee statements as to action in mouth, contactwith living tissue and improbability that the acidity is effectivelyantiseptic is correct, and i am willing to accept the refereestatement as conclusive in this respect ” bacterial culture experimentsmr weeks submitted a statement by hawk to the effect that chlorlyptushas a phenol coefficient of 2 6, determined by the standard hygieniclaboratory procedure he also quotes rockefeller war hospital that chlorlyptus killsstaphylococcus aureus in concentra of 1 dram. 1 gallon about1:1, 000, but not in more dilute solutions more recently, he presented a more comprehensive report by rivas, whichis reproduced in the appendix the essential results are tabulatedherewith this tabulation shows that chlorlyptus fails to kill theorganisms after an hour exposure of the following concentrations. Typhoid in bouillon, 10 per cent of chlorlyptus staphylococci in pus, 5 per cent of chlorlyptus staphylococci in serum, 1 per cent of chlorlyptus it seems to the referee that a substance that is ineffective with anhour exposure to these concentrations is not at all likely to kill orcheck bacteria under clinical conditions in other words, it is not anantiseptic in the ordinary sense the referee is not impressed by the superior power attributed by rivasto chlorlyptus in the presence of pus inefficiency of 10 per cent forone-half hour or of 5 per cent for two hours seems a failure ratherthan a success the referee also notes the absence of any data as tothe relative efficiency of chlorlyptus against staphylococci in pus andin bouillon the data on serum indicate that chlorlyptus is much weakerthan phenol and show that it is less effective in the presence of pusthan in other mediums the referee fails to grasp the bearing of the oil experiments on anyclinical condition moreover, the inconstant results mentioned by rivassuggest the possibility that the incorporation of the bacteria in oilmay have prevented their effective distribution in the culture medium if any significance is to be attached to these experiments, they shouldbe checked by controls, without antiseptics summary of rivas’ in vitro experiments minimal maximal germicidal not germicidal concentrations concentrations typhoid bacilli in bouillon. Chlorlyptus exp 3 10%, 2 to 4 hours 10% for 1 hour 5% for 2 hours eucalyptus oil exp 1 5% within 5 minutes no data phenol exp 5 1% within 10 min no data streptococci and staphylococci in olive oil. Chlorlyptus exps 7 and 8 1%, almost at once, no data essaytimes eucalyptus oil no data no data phenol exps 9 and 10 1%, almost at once, no data staphylococci in pus. Chlorlyptus exp 11 10% for 1 hour 10% for 1/2 hour 5% for 2 hours eucalyptus oil no data no data phenol no data no data staphylococci in human blood serum. Chlorlyptus exp 12 5% in 1 hour 1% in 1 hour eucalyptus oil no data no data phenol 5% almost at once 1% in 1 hour -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- infection experiments in vivodr rivas reports two series of experiments, in each of which threeguinea-pigs received staphylococcus suspensions in the peritoneum one guinea-pig in each series was left untreated.

  • i need help writing my research paper
  • online wreting paper services
  • division and classification essay topics
  • buy essays already written
  • music essay
  • essay forum
  • satirical essay
  • need someone to do my homework
  • economic homework help
  • homework help ontario
  • autobiographical essay example
  • buy speech scripts
  • buy research paper apa
  • umd essay questions
  • whats the best company to do a business assignment on
  • pay to write my paper
  • change essay
  • how to write a film analysis essay
  • who will write my paper for me
  • mba homework helper
  • globalization essay

Hot and dry in the seconddegree, helps the falling sickness and all head-aches coming of cold, cleanses the how to write a tok essay breast and lungs, opens stoppings of the liver and spleen, as the rickets, &c procures appetite, helps sour belchings, provokesurine, breaks the stone, mitigates the pains of the reins and bladder, helps cramps, and convulsions, resists poison, helps the gout, such asevacuate blood, madness and head-ache, kills worms, helps bruises, andcleanseth women after labour. You may take a dram of it at a time inwhite wine, or any other convenient liquor proper against the diseaseyou are afflicted with betonica pauli, &c paul betony, or male lluellin, to which addelative, or female lluellin, which comes afterwards. They are prettytemperate, stop defluxions of humours that fall from the head into theeyes, are profitable in wounds, help filthy foul eating cankers betonica coronaria, &c is clove gilli-flowers see the flowers bellis dasies. Are cold and moist in the second degree, they easeall pains and swellings coming of heat, in clysters they loose thebelly, are profitable in fevers and inflammations of the testicles, they take away bruises, and blackness and blueness. They are admirablein wounds and inflammations of the lungs or blood blitum blites essay say they are cold and moist, others cold anddry. None mention any great virtues of them borrago borrage. Hot and moist, comforts the heart, cheers thespirits, drives away sadness and melancholy, they are rather laxativethan binding. Help swooning and heart-qualms, breed good blood, helpconsumptions, madness, and such as are much weakened by sickness bonus henricus good henry, or all good. Hot and dry, cleansing andscouring, inwardly taken it loosens the belly. Outwardly it cleansethold sores and ulcers botrys oak of jerusalem. Hot and dry in the second degree, helpssuch as are short-winded, cuts and wastes gross and tough flegm, laidamong cloaths they preserve them from moths, and give them a sweetsmell branca ursina bears-breech brionia, &c briony, white and black. Both are hot and dry inthe third degree, purge violently, yet are held to be wholeessayphysic for such as have dropsies, vertigo, or swimming in the head, falling-sickness, &c certainly it is a strong, troubleessay purge, therefore not to be tampered with by the unskilful, outwardly inointments it takes away freckles, wrinkles, morphew, scars, spots, &c from the face bursa pastoris shepherd purse, is manifestly cold and dry, thoughlobel and pena thought the contrary.