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How To Write A Good College Application Essay


Namely, with vinegar andsalt, as they pickle capers and broom-buds how to write a good college application essay. But as i have little skillin it myself, i cannot teach you 2 fruits, as quinces, and the like, are preserved two ways. 1 boil them well in water, and then pulp them through a sieve, aswe shewed you before. Then with the like quantity of sugar, boil thewater they were boiled in into a syrup, viz a pound of sugar to a pintof liquor. To every pound of this syrup, add four ounces of the pulp;then boil it with a very gentle fire to their right consistence, whichyou may easily know if you drop a drop of it upon a trencher. If it beenough, it will not stick to your fingers when it is cold 2 another way to preserve fruits is this. First, pare off the rind;then cut them in halves, and take out the core.

Dr hensel, assistantand pathologist of the german hospital, found that how to write a good college application essay “1/10, 000 writingof camphor added to the usual culture media inhibited the growthof pneumococci, while the controls all thrived”. Dr j c welch, pathologist of the lying-in hospital, found that rabbits infectedwith lethal doses of pneumococcus cultures intravenously were savedby large doses of camphorated oil. Fragmentary protocols are given the assistant pathologist of st francis’ hospital carried on theexperimental work, adding salicylic acid to the camphor no bloodcultures are reported the conclusion reached by dr seibert is thatsalicylic acid up to 3 per cent , added to the camphorated oil, iseffective in preventing pleural infection in the article by dr seibert, there appear most sketchy reports of paper, recovery beingreported without crisis in from three to nine days the referee has made a careful search of the literature, with thefollowing results. Boehnke berl klin wchnschr 50:818, 1913, using white mice, failed to confirm the experiments reported inseibert paper, unless camphorated oil were given before thepneumococci, and even then, he felt that the results were too irregularto be of great significance when given with anti-pneumococcic serum, however, he felt that there was essay benefit to be seen by theadministration of camphor. His protocols, however, are not detailed there is no report of blood cultures, etc another worker, h leo deutsch med wchnschr 39:690, 1913, reported that camphor water given intravenously prolonged the lives ofthirty-eight rabbits inoculated with pneumococci here again there wereno adequate protocols and very little evidence of careful experimentalwork appears in the literature of the past ten years, there appear sketchy clinicalarticles on the value of huge doses of camphor in pneumonia markevitch russk vrach, june 27, 1914. Abstr , the journal, dec 5, 1914, p 2081 treated 226 paper of pneumonia with 5 c c of camphorated oilhypodermically four times daily, at the same time giving digitalis amount not stated, with a mortality of 6 6 per cent , whereas, in 322paper untreated, there was a mortality of 13 3 per cent he reports133 grave paper. Sixty-six received no camphor. 48 per cent died ofsixty-seven treated with camphor, only 22 per cent died he reportstemperature falling by lysis when camphor is used, and comments on thesymptomatic improvement following its use with the great variation inthe clinical course of pneumonia, the above figures, though suggestive, certainly need further support before the routine use of camphor asrecommended by seibert can be sanctioned later articles found on the subject refer to it in a very cursory way, giving no protocols and no paper, and giving the referee the feelingthat the conclusions were very impressionistic résuméafter a careful search of the literature, the referee concludes that:huge doses of camphor, to 250 grains in twenty-four hours, may be givento man without serious results no satisfactory evidence, however, appears that camphor has a specific germicidal action on pneumococci similar to that of ethylhydrocuprein the clinical evidence, asfound in the literature, is certainly of very little value it appearsthat the sale of a simple solution of camphor in oil under the guiseof “anti-pneumococcic oil” is to be deplored a 20 per cent solutionof camphor in cottonseed oil is official in the u s pharmacopeiaas camphor liniment it is recommended that the preparation be heldinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because exaggeratedtherapeutic claims are advanced for it, and because the name is notdescriptive of the composition, but is, instead, therapeuticallysuggestive -- from the journal a m a , jan 3, 1920 dial “ciba” report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrydial “ciba” has not been accepted for “new and nonofficial remedies”because, as the report which follows shows, unwarranted claims aremade for the product it is a definite new chemical compound whichmight be made eligible for n n r if misleading therapeutic claimswere eliminated the council directed that dial “ciba” be includedwith articles described but not accepted, so that physicians might beinformed with regard to its character and properties w a puckner, secretary dial “ciba” is a hypnotic manufactured by the society of chemicalindustry of basle, switzerland, and is sold in the united states bya klipstein and company, inc , new york chemically, dial “ciba”is diallylbarbituric acid and is, therefore, closely related todiethylbarbituric acid or barbital “veronal” the claims made for dial “ciba” are 1, that the “allyl” group in itsmolecule makes it more readily decomposed by oxidizing agents thanbarbital, which contains the “ethyl” group. 2 that because of thisease of oxidation, it is more readily decomposed in the body and morerapidly and completely eliminated, and 3 that because of its allegedrapid elimination, it is devoid of the after effects of barbital andother hypnotics the council took up the substance in february, 1918, and referred thematter to the referee in charge of barbital preparations the refereeconsidered unwarranted the claim that dial “ciba” did not have theafter-effects of other hypnotics due to its alleged total decompositionin the body the american agents, a klipstein and company, wereinformed of the referee objections their attention was also calledto the fact that, notwithstanding the claimed absence of after-effectsin one writing of the advertising, other writings of the same advertisingadmitted certain post-hypnotic effects of the product it waspointed out also that while it was claimed in one of the advertisingcirculars that lowering of the blood pressure is never observed afteradministration of dial “ciba, ” yet two of the authors quoted in thesame circular definitely stated that a lowering of the blood pressurefollowed even small doses of the drug and these authors warn againstthis very danger in certain conditions a year later, a circular letter sent out by a klipstein and companyreiterated the claim that the asserted decomposition of dial “ciba”in the body prevents after-effects, the drug being still contrastedwith barbital “veronal” in view of the reiteration of this highlyimprobable claim, the referee undertook to study the comparative actionof dial “ciba” as compared with other hypnotics it was found thatthe actions of dial “ciba” are not distinguishable, qualitatively, from those of barbital, there being no perceptible difference in theafter-effects or in the nature of the side actions in toxic doses, both caused profound depression with the temperature falling tothat of the room or about one degree above, the respiration beingextraordinarily slow and shallow as one would expect with lowering ofthe temperature there were also the same evidences of nausea thatare so frequently seen after toxic doses of the various hypnotics ofthis group in view of these results, the council declared that it isunwarranted to claim freedom from after-effects for dial “ciba ”the council held that the following statement is unwarranted. “the therapeutic field for dial ‘ciba, ’ as shown by tests on rabbits, is just as broad as the field for diethylbarbituric acid ”tests on rabbits do not and cannot show the breadth of the therapeuticfield for a hypnotic the council also declared the following statementimprobable, and contrary to the evidence obtained by the referee. “in dogs, the increase of dosage beyond the therapeutic dose to the point of death is decidedly in favor of dial ‘ciba, ’ which required a larger dose than diethylbarbituric acid to produce death ”the referee experiments on cats show that dial “ciba” is severaltimes as toxic as hydrated chloral, and more than twice as toxic asdiethylbarbituric acid barbital since the circular to which objection was made in 1918 was still beingsent out in december, 1919, the council held dial “ciba” inadmissibleto n n r and voted that report of its action in the matter beauthorized for publication the council further directed that dial“ciba” be included with articles described but not accepted -- fromthe journal a m a , jan 24, 1920 apothesine report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryapothesine is a synthetic drug for producing local anesthesia, madeby parke, davis & company in the fall of 1917 the council wrote toparke, davis & company offering its aid in establishing the identity, purity and therapeutic efficiency of this synthetic local anestheticwith the ultimate object of accepting the product for inclusion in newand nonofficial remedies should the facts warrant such acceptance the council letter was never acknowledged after apothesine wasput on the market the council desired to accept it for inclusion innew and nonofficial remedies but, unfortunately, was unable to do sobecause essay of the claims made for the product were not justified byacceptable evidence the manufacturers were notified of the councildesire to admit this product to n n r and the wish was expressedthat the company would either so modify its claims as to make theproduct acceptable under the council rules or else would submitevidence to the council in proof of the claims made and thus permitthe council to revise its conclusions parke, davis & company were, apparently, either unwilling or unable to submit evidence that wouldsustain their claims. Neither did they offer to modify the claimsthemselves the product, therefore, is ineligible to inclusion in newand nonofficial remedies.

“in rheumatic and gouty disorders, whether of the well-known muscular and arthritic type, or their eye, ear, nose and throat manifestations ”the suggestion that atophan is indicated in “their eye, ear, nose andthroat manifestations” is a vague generalization without definitemeaning, but nevertheless calculated to impress physicians and promotethe sale of atophan for common and minor ailments rhinitis and sorethroat are, of course, self-limited conditions which require chieflygood habits, personal and general hygiene as prophylactic measures, and simple hot baths with rest, instead of medication, for symptomaticrelief when it comes to ear and eye conditions, atophan certainlywould do no good in otitis media, panophthalmitis, choroiditis, retinitis, etc the administration of atophan is proposed “in migrains, hemicrania, eyestrain, etc , often vaguely grouped as ‘headaches ’” eyestrain andheadaches are vague symptoms often arising from numerous causes thatrequire no medication, but rather good habits, hygiene and similarcorrective measures there is always the possibility of habituationfrom the use of drugs for such common and vague symptoms, resultingeventually in more harm than good to the patient the use of atophan is proposed “in influenza grippe for the readyalleviation of the respiratory congestion, pain and stiffness oflimbs and back ” probably the entire claim is without warrant, sinceinfluenza is a self-limited disease atophan might relieve pain inthe joints, reduce the fever, etc , but at the same time it wouldtend to impair the functional efficiency of the heart, which may beimpaired already by the disease cardiac failure is one of the causesof death in influenza the recommendation for “alleviating respiratorycongestion” is certainly without warrant, since in actual trialin pulmonary congestion by magnus et al , atophan was found to bedeleterious and not beneficial phosgenized cats are probably as good atest object for the alleged decongestive action of atophan as anythingcould be, since, according to underhill and ringer j a m a 75:1531, 1920 the pathological physiology of the circulation andrespiration in phosgene poisoning and influenza are nearly identical further, atophan is recommended “in pyorrhea alveolaris as a systemicsupport to local and specific measures ” atophan is not indicated here pyorrhea requires local medication, if anything at all it could exertno local beneficial effects in this condition. Indeed, the employmentof atophan might lead to irritation good dental treatment is moreessential than medication finally, schering and glatz advise atophan “in eczema, pruritusand similar irritant and itching skin diseases with lowered bloodalkalinity ” the assumption that blood alkalinity is lowered inirritant and itching disease is unsupported by evidence in medicalliterature and the recommendation is incorrect and misleading neitherdoes atophan alter the reaction of the blood amelioration in thesecapricious conditions occurs without medication so that any reliefthat might be obtained could not be attributed to atophan the entireparagraph is misleading and will undoubtedly tend to extend the use ofatophan in conditions for which it is not suited -- from reports ofcouncil on pharmacy and chemistry, 1921, p 8 urotropin omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryurotropin is a proprietary name applied to the substance which is knownin chemical literature as hexamethylenetetramin and which is designatedhexamethylenamine in the u s pharmacopeia the council has authorizedpublication of the following report explaining that urotropinwas omitted from new and nonofficial remedies because schering &glatz, inc the firm that markets this brand of hexamethylenaminin the united states, refused to place the u s pharmacopeianame hexamethylenamine hexamethylenamina on the label and in itsadvertising so as to make clear to physicians the identity of theproduct, and, furthermore, because it was sold under therapeutic claimswhich the council held unwarranted w a puckner, secretary commercial history of hexamethylenaminthis substance which is generally referred to in chemical literature ashexamethylenetetramin, the cyclic condensation product of formaldehydand ammonia, appears to have been described first in 1860 butlerow:ann d chem 115:322, 1860 subsequently, numerous references tothe preparation, properties and constitution of the substance appearedin chemical literature hexamethylenetetramin is said to have been first used for therapeuticpurposes by g bardet, who, in 1894, reported to the société dethérapeutique that he believed this substance to be a uric acidsolvent at about the same period, a nicolaier, who gave bardet creditfor suggesting the use of hexamethylenetetramin as a uric acid solvent, announced the discovery of its antiseptic action centralbl f d med wissensch 32:897, 1894. Deutsche med wchnschr 21:541, 1895 shortly thereafter as a result of nicolaier publication, thechemische fabrik auf aktien vorm e schering, berlin, gerthesis, beganto offer the product to the medical profession under the trademarkedand nondescriptive name “urotropine ” in the united states, it wasmarketed by schering and glatz, who then were acting as american agentsfor the schering works of gerthesis it soon became evident that hexamethylenetetramin was a valuabledrug as the substance was introduced at a time when new “synthetic”drugs were rapidly appearing and when unlimited and uncriticalconfidence was placed in them, and before the medical profession becameskeptical of the claims advanced by manufacturers for their respective“discoveries, ” it was not long before this new drug was placed on themarket by thesis firms, each applying its own name and often keeping thechemical character of it in the background essay of the names whichwere thus applied to hexamethylenamin were cystogen, aminoform, formin, uritone, urisol, {and} cystamine in 1907 the late prof j o schlotterbeck, then a member of thecouncil, protested against the confusion caused by the marketing of agiven drug under different names he stated that it was not uncommonfor a physician to prescribe two or more of these identical substancesin the same mixture, expecting to get the combined action of differenturinary antiseptics. Also, that patients had been treated first withhexamethylenamin under one name and later by the same substance underanother name the journal, jan 19, 1907, p 241 hexamethylenetetramin was admitted to the eighth revision of theu s pharmacopeia in writing because of this official recognitionand standardization and in writing because the extravagant reports ofits virtues had been largely discounted, physicians have in generalprescribed the drug by its pharmacopeial name, with one notableexception. Urotropin one reason for this is that urotropin was thefirst proprietary brand of hexamethylenetetramin introduced, a secondreason is that through the extensive and persistent advertising ofthe proprietary name under which the substance was introduced, it hasbecome firmly fixed in the minds of thesis physicians the other is thatthe product was claimed to be of greater purity than the product soldunder the pharmacopeial or other name although no evidence confirmatoryof this claim has ever been published on the other hand, danielbase, as long ago as 1907, found that hexamethylenamin sold under itspharmacopeial name is just as pure as when sold under proprietarynames when, in 1907, urotropin was admitted to new and nonofficialremedies, the published description showed that it was manufacturedby the chemische fabrik auf aktien vorm e schering, berlin, andthat schering and glatz were the united states agents in 1919, thedescription was revised to show that schering and glatz were no longerselling the german product as it is the general practice to omit articles that are admitted tothe u s pharmacopeia for the reason that their quality is guaranteedunder the federal food and drugs act and because pharmacopeialnonproprietary articles are rarely advertised with claims that requirethe council control, yet, in the case of urotropin, it was retainedbecause it was sold under a name not recognized in the pharmacopeia andbecause special proprietary claims were made for it urotropin marketed under unwarranted therapeutic claimsthe period for which urotropin stood “accepted” expired with the closeof 1921 to determine its continued eligibility for new and nonofficialremedies, the council examined the labels and circular matter sent byschering and glatz for the purpose and also a booklet “urotropin, ”subsequently sent by the firm to physicians it was found that the pamphlet contained a number of unwarrantedstatements writingicularly objectionable are the claims made for the useof urotropin as an antiseptic in body fluids that are alkaline, such asthe cerebrospinal fluid, bile, aqueous humor of the eye, saliva, theexcretions caused by middle ear infection and other excretions of thenasal, bronchial, laryngeal and mucous membranes the lack of efficacyof hexamethylenamin in alkaline secretions is generally admitted andthe clinical references to the use of hexamethylenamin in the pamphletare obsolete in the introduction to the pamphlet, schering and glatzstate that they are well acquainted with the scientific research workdiscrediting the efficiency of hexamethylenamin in nonacid mediums, but that they feel that the accumulated evidence for its efficacy insuch conditions should not be “brushed aside ” however, the pamphletis not made up of quotations, but of unqualified statements with oneexception, all references to the antiseptic properties of the drug inalkaline mediums are previous to 1913, that is, before the importanceof reaction of the medium was fully appreciated to quote theseearlier articles without regard to the later work, which in most eyesdiscredited them, constitutes in effect an exploitation of this brandof hexamethylenamin under unwarranted therapeutic claims urotropin a brand of hexamethylenamine, u s p in consideration of the confusion which arises from the applicationof different names to an identical article, the rules of the councilprovide that when an article which has been accepted for new andnonofficial remedies is admitted to the u s pharmacopeia underanother name, it will be retained, provided the official name isgiven prominence on the label and in the advertising of such article neither the label nor the advertising for urotropin gives prominenceto the pharmacopeial name as a synonym nor indeed does it bring outthe fact that urotropin is a brand of hexamethylenamine, u s p schering and glatz, inc , was advised that urotropin could be retainedin new and nonofficial remedies only on condition that the objectionsto the therapeutic recommendations were removed and on agreement thatthe u s p name appear on the labels and circular matter the firmdid not offer to make the product eligible for continued recognition;accordingly the council directed the omission of urotropin because ofconflict with rule 6 unwarranted therapeutic claims and with rule8 objectionable names -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1921, p 71 styptysate not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report, declaring styptysate ernst hischoff co , inc inadmissible to new andnonofficial remedies w a puckner, secretary styptysate, according to the advertisement of ernst bischoff co , inc , new york, is “obtained by dialysis from bursa pastoris sheppardsic!. purse ” it is claimed to be “the remedy for hemorrhages, ”to be “superior to ergot and hydrastis, ” “of writingicular advantagein menorrhagia and metrorrhagia” and to have been “found of greatvalue in vesical hemorrhages and hemorrhages from mucous membranes ingeneral ” the styptysate label bears the synonym “dialysate herba bursapastoris”. The statement that it contains “alcohol 11 per cent ” andthat it is “made in gerthesis ” no other statement of the composition orstrength of “styptysate” is furnished nor is the name of the germanmanufacturer disclosed in an advertising circular entitled “styptysate, a new reliablehemostatic, ” it is declared that in recent years the plant, shepherdpurse capsella bursa pastoris, “has been submitted to clinicaltests in the form of a concentrated dialysate, known as styptysate, by loewy, oppenheim, krummacher and others, and that their reportscoincide in regard to styptysate as a hemostatic par excellence, writingicularly in uterine hemorrhages, even in paper where ergot andhydrastis had failed to produce satisfactory results ” the circularalso reprints essay “short clinical reports” without reference to theirauthorship. One ascribed to krummacher and two ascribed to “b h m , kansas city, mo , ” and the following references. “a krummacher, m d , monthly review for obstetrics and gynecology, berlin, vol xlix, 4, and vol lii ” “h oppenheim, m d , medical clinic, berlin, 1920, 35 ”shepherd purse is a weed common in the united states and in europe like most other herbs, it has essay reputation as a folk medicine itis used by eclectics and homeopaths, being included in the homeopathicpharmacopeia of the united states shepherd purse receives noconsideration at the hands of the authors of standard works on materiamedica, pharmacology or therapeutics from an examination of recent german medical publications, it appearsthat the use of shepherd purse was proposed as a substitute forergot and hydrastis, when the latter drugs became scarce in gerthesis these publications, in the main, emanate from those in the employ ofpharmaceutical firms and deal with proprietary preparations or they arewritten by physicians who used these proprietary preparations at thesolicitation of the manufacturers for this reason the reported resultsmust be accepted with reserve one of the proprietary preparations discussed in the germanpublications is styptysate, manufactured by isalfabrik johannesbuerger, wernigerode it is said to be produced by submitting the juiceof fresh shepherd purse to dialysis and preserving the dialysateby the addition of alcohol there is no statement as to the drugstrength or the chemical or biological standards, if any, used inits manufacture.

And also saith, that, being hung about theneck, it remedies witchcraft both the leaves and berries of misseltodo heat and dry, and are of subtle writings. The birdlime doth molifyhard knots, tumours, and imposthumes. Ripens and discusses them, anddraws forth thick as well as thin humours from the remote writings ofthe body, digesting and separating them and being mixed with equalwritings of rozin and wax, doth molify the hardness of the spleen, andhelps old ulcers and sores being mixed with sandaric and orpiment, it helps to draw off foul nails. And if quick-lime and wine lees beadded thereunto, it works the stronger the misselto itself of the oak as the best made into powder, and given in drink to those that havethe falling sickness, does assuredly heal them, as matthiolus saith:but it is fit to use it for forty days together essay have so highlyesteemed it for the virtues thereof, that they have called it lignumsanctiæ crucis, wood of the holy cross, believing it helps the fallingsickness, apoplexy and palsy very speedily, not only to be inwardlytaken, but to be hung at their neck tragus saith, that the fresh woodof any misselto bruised, and the juice drawn forth and dropped in theears that have imposthumes in them, doth help and ease them within afew days moneywort, or herb twopence descript the common moneywort sends forth from a small threadyroot divers long, weak, and slender branches, lying and running uponthe ground two or three feet long or more, set with leaves two at ajoint one against another at equal distances, which are almost round, but pointed at the ends, smooth, and of a good green colour at thejoints with the leaves from the middle forward come forth at everypoint essaytimes one yellow flower, and essaytimes two, standing each ona small foot-stalk, and made of five leaves, narrow-pointed at the end, with essay yellow threads in the middle, which being past, there standin their places small round heads of seed place it grows plentifully in almost all places of this land, commonly in moist grounds by hedge-sides, and in the middle of grassyfields time they flower in june and july, and their seed is ripe quicklyafter government and virtues venus owns it moneywort is singularlygood to stay all fluxes in man or woman, whether they be lasks, bloody-fluxes, bleeding inwardly or outwardly, or the weakness of thestomach that is given to casting it is very good also for the ulcersor excoriations of the lungs, or other inward writings it is exceedinglygood for all wounds, either fresh or green, to heal them speedily, and for all old ulcers that are of spreading natures for all whichpurposes the juice of the herb, or the powder drank in water whereinhot steel hath been often quenched. Or the decoction of the green herbin wine or water drank, or used to the outward place, to wash or bathethem, or to have tents dipped therein and put into them, are effectual moonwort descript it rises up usually but with one dark green, thick andflat leaf, standing upon a short foot-stalk not above two fingersbreadth. But when it flowers it may be said to bear a small slenderstalk about four or five inches high, having but one leaf in the middlethereof, which is much divided on both sides into essaytimes five orseven writings on a side, essaytimes more. Each of which writings is smalllike the middle rib, but broad forwards, pointed and round, resemblingtherein a half-moon, from whence it took the name. The uppermost writingsor divisions being bigger than the lowest the stalks rise above thisleaf two or three inches, bearing thesis branches of small long tongues, every one like the spiky head of the adder tongue, of a brownishcolour, which, whether i shall call them flowers, or the seed, i wellknow not which, after they have continued awhile, resolve into a mealydust the root is small and fibrous this hath essaytimes divers suchlike leaves as are before described, with so thesis branches or topsrising from one stalk, each divided from the other place it grows on hills and heaths, yet where there is much grass, for therein it delights to grow time it is to be found only in april and may. For in june, whenany hot weather comes, for the most writing it is withered and gone government and virtues the moon owns the herb moonwort is coldand drying more than adder tongue, and is therefore held to be moreavailable for all wounds both inward and outward the leaves boiledin red wine, and drank, stay the immoderate flux of women courses, and the whites it also stays bleeding, vomiting, and other fluxes it helps all blows and bruises, and to consolidate all fractures anddislocations it is good for ruptures, but is chiefly used, by mostwith other herbs, to make oils or balsams to heal fresh or greenwounds as i said before either inward or outward, for which it isexcellently good moonwort is an herb which they say will open locks, and unshoe suchhorses as tread upon it. This essay laugh to scorn, and those no smallfools neither. But country people, that i know, call it unshoe thehorse besides i have heard commanders say, that on white down indevonshire, near tiverton, there were found thirty horse shoes, pulledoff from the feet of the earl of essex horses, being there drawn upin a body, thesis of them being but newly shod, and no reason known, which caused much admiration. The herb described usually grows uponheaths mosses i shall not trouble the reader with a description of these, since myintent is to speak only of two kinds, as the most principal, viz ground moss and tree moss, both which are very well known place the ground moss grows in our moist woods, and at the bottomof hills, in boggy grounds, and in shadowy ditches and thesis other suchlike places the tree moss grows only on trees government and virtues all sorts of mosses are under the dominionof saturn the ground moss is held to be singularly good to break thestone, and to expel and drive it forth by urine, being boiled in wineand drank the herb being bruised and boiled in water, and applied, eases all inflammations and pains coming from an hot cause. And istherefore used to ease the pains of the gout the tree mosses are cooling and binding, and writingake of a digesting andmolifying quality withal, as galen saith but each moss writingakes of thenature of the tree from whence it is taken. Therefore that of the oakis more binding, and is of good effect to stay fluxes in man or woman;as also vomiting or bleeding, the powder thereof being taken in wine the decoction thereof in wine is very good for women to be bathed in, that are troubled with the overflowing of their courses the same beingdrank, stays the stomach that is troubled with casting, or hiccough;and, as avicena saith, it comforts the heart the powder thereoftaken in drink for essay time together, is thought available for thedropsy the oil that has had fresh moss steeped therein for a time, andafterwards boiled and applied to the temples and forehead, marvellouslyeases the head-ache coming of a hot cause.

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It helps the vertigoor swimming of the head, is admirable against the bitings of venomousbeasts, and such as have taken too how to write a good college application essay much opium, as also for lethargies, the juice helps hot rheums in the eyes. A scruple of the root in powderis enough to take at one time dracontii, dracunculi divers authors attribute divers herbs to thisname it is most probable that they mean dragons, the roots of whichcleanse mightily, and take away proud, or dead flesh, the very smell ofthem is hurtful for pregnant women. Outwardly in ointments, they takeaway scurf, morphew, and sun-burning. I would not wish any, unless verywell read in physic, to take them inwardly matthiolus, dioscorides ebuli of dwarf elder, walwort, or danewort. Hot and dry in the thirddegree, the roots are as excellent a purge for the dropsy as any underthe sun you may take a dram or two drams if the patient be strong inwhite wine at a time echij of viper bugloss, or wild bugloss this root is cold anddry, good for such as are bitten by venemous beasts, either beingboiled in wine and drank, or bruised and applied to the place.