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How To Start Off A College Essay


Physician means physician andsurgeon definitions fees - to regents, for examination, $25 145 to regents, for license without examination under sec 148, $10 s 148 to county clerk, for registering affidavit and certificate, $1 s how to start off a college essay 149 to county clerk, for registration in an additional county, 25 cents150 north carolina qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine or surgery, orany of the branches thereof, nor in any case prescribe for the cure ofdisease for a fee or reward unless he shall have been first licensed code 1883, s 3, 122, as amended act of 1885, c 117, s 1 the board of medical examiners of the state consists of regularlygraduated physicians appointed by the medical society of the state3, 123, 3, 126 the board must examine all applicants for a license to practisemedicine or surgery, or any of the branches thereof, on anatomy, physiology, surgery, pathology, medical hygiene, chemistry, pharmacy, materia medica, therapeutics, obstetrics, and the practice of medicine, and grant to a competent applicant a license or diploma authorizing himto practise medicine and surgery or any of the branches thereof s 3, 124 where he has not been refused a license by the board, two members ofthe board may grant a temporary license to any applicant to continue inforce no longer than the next regular meeting of the board s 3, 125, as amended act of 1889, c 181, s 3 the board of examiners must assemble when and where the medical societyassembles, which society must assemble at least once a year. The boardmust remain in session from day to day till all applicants during thefirst five days after its meeting have been examined and disposed of3, 127 penalty, exceptions - a person practising without obtaining a licensefrom the board shall not be entitled to sue for or recover any medicalbill for services. And a person who has begun the practice of medicineor surgery in the state for a fee or reward since february 23d, 1885, without first obtaining such a license, shall in addition be guiltyof a misdemeanor and punishable with a fine of from $25 to $100, orimprisonment at the discretion of the court for each offence. But theact does not apply to women pursuing the avocation of midwife, nor toany reputable physician or surgeon residing in a neighboring state, coming into this state for consultation with a registered physicianresident therein, except a physician residing in a neighboring stateregularly practising in this state, nor does it apply to physicians whohave a diploma from a regular medical college prior to january 1st, 1880 3, 132, as amended act of 1885, c 117, s 2. Act of1885, c 261, s 1. Act of 1889, c 181, s 1 the board may rescind a license upon satisfactory proof that a licenseehas been guilty of grossly immoral conduct 3, 133 qualification - every person practising medicine or surgery in thestate was required before january 1st, 1892, to appear personallybefore the clerk of the superior court of the county where he residedor practised, for registration, and all persons beginning to practiseare likewise to appear and register within thirty days after obtaininga license act of 1889, c 181, s 3, as amended act of 1891, c 90 any person applying for registration must produce and exhibit beforethe clerk a license from the board of medical examiners, or make oaththat he was practising medicine or surgery in this state prior to march7th, 1885, and thereupon the clerk shall register the date, with thename and residence of the applicant, and shall issue a certificate ofregistration the certificate entitles the recipient to practise inany county in the state, but if he removes his residence to anothercounty he must exhibit his certificate to the clerk of such county andbe registered persons having a temporary license are not entitled toregister but may practise so long as the license is in force act of1889, c 181, s 4, as amended act of 1891, c 420 penalty, exceptions - to practise without registration and acertificate is a misdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $25 to$100 or imprisonment for each offence, but this act does not apply towomen pursuing the avocation of midwife nor to reputable physiciansor surgeons residing in a neighboring state coming into the state forconsultation with a registered physician of this state act of 1889, c 181, s 5 license fee - a license of $10 for each county in which he carrieson business is exacted from every itinerant?. medical practitioner, one-half for the use of the county and one-half for the use of thestate. But a state license may be obtained from the state treasurer for$30 good for twelve months, and he is then exempt from the portion ofabove tax due the state act 1891, c 323 fees - to the secretary of the board, before issuing a license ordiploma, $10 to the secretary of the board, for temporary license, $5 code, 3, 130 to clerk of the court, for registration and certificate, 25 cents to clerk of the county, for registration on removal, no fee act 1889, c 181, s 4 north dakota board of examiners - the governor appoints a state board of examinersof nine members, eight of whom are practising physicians in goodstanding. No member of any college or university having a medicaldewritingment shall be appointed two members shall be homœopathicphysicians and one a lawyer act 1890, c 93, s 1 the board must hold meetings for examination at such place or placesas it may designate on the first tuesday of january, april, july, and october of each year, and such other meetings as it may appointand must keep a record of its proceedings with a register of everyapplicant for a license with his or her age, the time spent in thestudy of medicine, and the name and location of all institutionsgranting to such applicant a degree or a certificate of lecturesin medicine or surgery, and whether the applicant was rejected orlicensed. And said books and register shall be prima facie evidenceof all matters therein recorded 2 qualification - all persons hereafter commencing the practice ofmedicine, surgery, and obstetrics in any of its branches shall applyto the board for a license, and at the time and place designatedby the board, or at its regular meeting, be examined in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, histology, materia medica, therapeutics, preventive medicines, practice of medicine, surgery, obstetrics, diseases of women and children, of the nervous system, of the eyeand ear, medical jurisprudence, and such other branches as the boardshall deem advisable, and produce evidence of having attended threecourses of lectures of at least six months each.

D s lamb, m d. W b outten, m d. Hon wm a poste. Edward s wood, m d. e v stoddard, m d. Hon goodwin brown. J c cameron, m d.

Hot and dry in the second degree, cleanses thebreast and lungs, helps old rotten coughs, and difficulty of breathing, provokes urine, and cleanses the bladder of filthy stuff, breaksaposthumes, and cures scabs and itch boil it in white wine scariola an italian name for succory schœnanthus schœnanth, squinanth, or chamel hay. Hot and binding it digests and opens the passages of the veins. Surely it is as greatan expeller of wind as any is scordium water-germander, hot and dry, cleanses ulcers in the inwardwritings, it provokes urine and the menses, opens stopping of the liver, spleen, reins, bladder, and matrix, it is a great counter poison, andeases the breast oppressed with flegm. See diascordium scrophularia figwort, so called of scrophula, the king evil, which it cures they say, by being only hung about the neck if not, bruise it, and apply it to the place, it helps the piles or hemorrhoids sedum and all his sorts. See barba jovis senna it heats in the second degree and dries in the first, cleanses, purges and digests. It carries downward both choler, flegm, and melancholy, it cleanses the brain, heart, liver, spleen. It cheersthe senses, opens obstructions, takes away dulness of sight, helpsdeafness, helps melancholy and madness, resists resolution of thenerves, pains of the head, scabs, itch, falling-sickness, the windinessof it is corrected with a little ginger you may boil half an ounce ofit at a time, in water or white wine, but boil it not too much. Half anounce is a moderate dose to be boiled for any reasonable body serpillum mother-of-time, with time. It is hot and dry in the thirddegree, it provokes the menses, and helps the stranguary or stoppage ofurine, gripings in the belly, ruptures, convulsions, inflammation ofthe liver, lethargy, and infirmities of the spleen, boil it in whitewine ætius, galen sigillum solomonis solomon seal see the root smyrnium alexander of crete solanum night-shade. Very cold and dry, binding. It is essaywhatdangerous given inwardly, unless by a skilful hand. Outwardly it helpsthe shingles, st anthony fire, and other hot inflammations soldanella bindweed, hot and dry in the second degree, it opensobstructions of the liver, and purges watery humours, and is thereforevery profitable in dropsies, it is very hurtful to the stomach, and therefore if taken inwardly it had need be well corrected withcinnamon, ginger, or annis-seed, &c sonchus levis asper sow-thistles smooth and rough, they are of acold, watery, yet binding quality, good for frenzies, they increasemilk in nurses, and cause the children which they nurse to have a goodcolour, help gnawings of the stomach coming of a hot cause. Outwardlythey help inflammations, and hot swellings, cool the heat of thefundament and privities sophi chirurgorum fluxweed. Drying without any manifest heat orcoldness. It is usually found about old ruinous buildings. It is socalled because of its virtue in stopping fluxes shinachia spinage i never read any physical virtues of it spina alba see the root spica see nardus stæbe silver knapweed. The virtues be the same with scabious, andessay think the herbs too.

But it should be remembered in connectionwith this subject that the height is not a fixed quantity, since itdiffers according to upright or recumbent position, also before andafter a night rest moreover, the alleged height of the deceased mayhave been taken in boots and is probably incorrect thesis tables of measurements have been constructed for the purposeof determining the height from the dimensions of the bones. But therelation that exists between the total height and the dimensions ofdifferent bones varies according to age, sex, asymmetry, and individualpeculiarities, hence the tables will not bear the critical examinationthat warrants their use with assured correctness, even in a majorityof paper the femur is the bone that gives the best results in thesemeasurements isolated fragments have been included in the enumeration;the nose and the middle finger multiplied by 32 and by 19 or 20 givingthe approximate height while the foregoing calculations will not bearscientific scrutiny, they are of sufficient importance to be taken inconnection with other facts in determining the probable length of theskeleton among the most trustworthy of these tables are those of dr dwight, of harvard university determination of age the age is a still more difficult matter to state precisely evenduring life one may be as much as ten years out in guessing the age ofan adult, while the error may be from fifteen to twenty years in thecase of a corpse dr tourdes mentions a case where the age was guessedas sixty and sixty-five in a deceased person aged eighty-five the state of the osseous system and the condition and number of theteeth, which strictly speaking are not bone, are among the surestguides in the determination of age the signs furnished thereby mayvary according to the periods of increase, maturity, and decline during fœtal life and even at the epoch of birth the bone centres arefew the distal end of the femur, the proximal end of the tibia, andthe astragalus are ossified at birth points of ossification appearin successive order of development the exact period at which thebones begin to ossify and the progress of bony union being detailedin standard works on anatomy, it would be superfluous to repeat themhere these changes are, however, not absolutely certain as to timeand order, as the tip of the acromion process of the scapula essaytimesremains ununited throughout life. The ossification of the sternum andof the costal cartilages is very uncertain, while the teeth, likecertain railway trains, are only due when they arrive from the character of the progress of consolidation of the skeletonthe age may be estimated with a reasonable approach to accuracy up totwenty-five or thirty years, which is the stationary period as regardsalteration in the osseous system above this period it is difficultto arrive at the age about forty the cranial sutures576 begin todisappear, although the time of the closure of the sutures varieswithin large limits. The coccyx becomes consolidated. Ossificationbegins in the thyroid cartilage and in that of the first rib althoughthis state of the rib is regarded by thesis as pathological. Thelower jaw, which in the fœtus and in infancy formed an obtuse angle, now assumes nearly a right angle as senility progresses towarddecrepitude, the bones become lighter and more brittle, owing tofatty atrophy, and their medullary canal larger. The jaw returns toits infantile shape from loss of teeth and atrophy of the alveolarprocesses. The bodies of the vertebræ according to essay authoritiesbevel off in front. Osteophytes are formed, and the neck of the femurapproaches the horizontal see abortion and infanticide determination of sex in the matter of sex there should be no difficulty, after noting theproof furnished by the aggregate characteristics of both male andfemale skeletons the points of contrast between the two skeletonsare not so striking before the age of puberty generally speaking thecranial capacity of an adult woman is less, although it is contendedthat since the great majority of males of the human species are taller, heavier, and larger than the females, it follows that if due allowancebe made for these variations, it will appear that the brain capacityof woman is relatively very little, if at all, inferior to that ofman the mastoid processes of the female skull are smaller. The lowerjaw-bone is relatively smaller and lighter. The ribs are lighter andcompressed. The spine is relatively longer.

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Total “available” chlorin, 0 330 gm per hundred c c , or 165 per cent of the claimed amount a comparison of the information sent to the council with the analyticfindings leads to the conclusion that chloron is not of reliablecomposition as evidence of the therapeutic value of chloron, the following “casereports” were submitted. “in a case of second degree burn involving the most of one leg from the middle of the calf down, chloron was the only dressing used the burn was a bad one and the patient in a rundown anaemic condition, at no time was there any appearance of pus, the surface looked clean and bright and the healing was accomplished with practically no scar whatever the burn was kept wet with the solution by hourly applications day and night the skin which has grown on the wound is clear, healthy and firm in another case of varicose veins of long standing, the result was surprising the patient told of two years vibrating from hospital to hospital and getting no real relief each leg had large open running sores, the only dressing used was wet compresses of this solution the pus disappeared at once, the wound began to cicatrise from the edges and in two weeks the man was discharged from the hospital practically cured ” “chloron was recently tried at the -- -- and -- -- hospital on paper presenting ulcers and other sores which did not readily yield to other methods, with good results, in fact were of an indolent type in these paper chloron proved very valuable ” “i have used chloron on a series of paper surgical presenting pus foci and i have found the application very beneficial and healing, the pus early disappearing in paper of osteomyelitis, suppurating arthritis, cellulitis and chronic ulcers, chloron is writingicularly valuable, its good effects quickly observed and the time of restoration to health shortened ”in the first case report, there is no evidence that chloron is moreefficient in the treatment of burns than any other commonly usedprocedure might have been in the case of the varicose ulcers, whilethere was essay apparent benefit from chloron, no credit is given torest and the general treatment which is known to be important in thetreatment of such conditions the evidence in the other case reports isquite inconclusive consideration of the “case reports” leads to theconclusion that clinical evidence for the value of chloron is lacking attention should be called to the fact that the amount of activechlorin, claimed to be present in chloron as well as the amount foundby the association laboratory, is less than that considered effectiveby dakin, dunham and others. Seemingly in preparing chloron noattention has been paid to the degree of alkalinity, yet the importanceof this factor is now generally recognized chloron fails to comply with the requirements for surgical solution ofchlorinated soda n n r , 1919, p 133, yet the manufacturers makefree use of the text of dakin and dunham handbook of antiseptics intheir advertising pamphlet thus. From the chloron pamphlet. “this ideal antiseptic effects complete sterilization within its sphere of action without causing any damage to the cells or tissues an important method of judging the injurious action of antiseptics is to investigate their effects on the leucocytes from experiments in vitro by parry morgan and in vivo by col c j bond with the strength of antiseptics commonly used in surgery, it has been found that chlorine antiseptics and mercury salts have little effect on phagocytosis in comparison with other germicides the activity of the leucocytes from wounds which have recently been treated with chloron may be demonstrated experimentally ” “in addition to its antiseptic action chloron is a strong oxidizing agent and deodorant and possesses to a marked degree the property of decomposing toxins in this connection it is interesting and pertinent to note that dean, by the regulated action of hypochlorous acid, has prepared a nontoxic dysentery vaccine and it is now a common observation that the free use of chloron may reduce the constitutional symptoms arising from septic processes and that they reappear on discontinuing the antiseptic treatment ” dakin and dunham handbook of antiseptics. “the ideal surgical antiseptic should effect complete sterilization within its sphere of action without causing any damage to animal cells at the moment such a substance does not appear likely to be found, but on the other hand it is surprising to see how little damage may be done to animal tissues by essay active antiseptics an important method of judging of the injurious action of antiseptics is to investigate the condition of the leucocytes in wounds recently treated with the substance under consideration in general it appears from experiments in vitro that, with the strength of antiseptics commonly used in surgery, mercury salts and hypochlorites have relatively little effect on phagocytosis as compared with phenol parry morgan it is a regular phenomenon to observe activity of the leucocytes obtained from wounds which have been recently treated with hypochlorites ingenious methods for determining the influence in vivo of antiseptics on the activities of leucocytes have been worked out by col c j bond “in addition to their disinfecting action, the chlorine antiseptics are strong oxidizing agents and deodorants and moreover possess in high degree the property of decomposing toxins by the regulated action of hypochlorous acid, dean has prepared a nontoxic dysentery vaccine and it is a common observation that the free use of hypochlorites may reduce the constitutional symptoms arising from septic processes and that they reappear on discontinuing the antiseptic treatment ” chloraxchlorax is said to be “a stable chlorine solution for internal use, ” in“kidney conditions, ” “diabetes, ” “acute infections, ” “blood dicrasias, ”“lithemias and rheumatism, ” and “nervous conditions ” it is claimed tohave the same composition as that of chloron with the addition of 0 016per cent of tincture of opium the a m a chemical laboratory reported that the free chlorin inchlorax was 0 01 gm per hundred c c and the total amount of active “available” chlorin was 0 25 gm per hundred c c , or 125 per cent of the amount claimed the laboratory notes that though the chlorincontent of chloron and chlorax is claimed to be the same, that ofchlorax actually is less this is not surprising when the presence inchlorax of reducing substances such as alcohol is borne in mind thelaboratory concludes that chlorax is not of reliable composition the following is typical of the “case reports” submitted to show thevalue of chlorax. “in january last i used chlorax on a case of diabetes mellitus and with excellent results “the patient had been suffering for about nine years and when first brought to my care toxemia had set in, he was drowsy, irritable and unable to leave the house i prescribed chlorax in teaspoonful doses four times a day and am pleased to say that in one week he showed marked improvement soon after he was able to leave the house and attend to his business and after two months’ treatment resumed a normal diet and habits apparently without injurious effects “i believe that in this case chlorax undoubtedly prolonged life ”no mention is made of the dietary or other measures used the widevariation in diabetes and its response to proper diet is so well knownthat the noncommittal statement concerning the beneficial effects ofchlorax amounts to no evidence at all in favor of the preparation the other “case reports” furnished by the chlorine products company, inc , which concern the treatment of gastric ulcers, acute alcoholicgastritis, tonsillitis, etc , are equally unconvincing in fact, nosatisfactory evidence for the clinical value of chlorax has beenpresented the following from the advertising for chlorax is unwarranted andabsurd. “mercurous chloride calomel is perhaps the most widely used internal antiseptic and alterative and has established itself in the therapy of constipation, cholera, dysentery, cardiac dropsy, pleurisy, malignant fever, malaria, syphilis, worms, infectious diseases, gout and rheumatism. Lithium chloride is writingicularly efficacious in acute and chronic parenchymatous nephritis and in various lithemic conditions. While opium has no rival as an anodyne and can be used to stabilize and conserve the alkaline reserve of the body against the acidosing influence of infections ”further, on page 14 we find. “in chills and fever malaria and other blood dicrasias, chlorax is indicated as an internal antiseptic and it exerts a beneficial effect on the course of these diseases ”the claims made for chlorax are exaggerated and misleading number “3”according to the label, number “3” is “a stable chlorine remedy for thepurification of the blood, ” with the composition.