History

How To Mla Cite An Essay


If loose, use red, because it is binding white rose water is generally known to be excellent against hotrheums, and inflammations in the eyes, and for this it is better thanthe former the water of red poppy flowers, called by thesis corn-roses, becausethey grow so frequently amongst corn, cools the blood and spiritsover-heated by drinking or labour, and is therefore excellent insurfets green walnuts gathered about the latter end of june or july, and bruised, and so stilled, strengthen the heart, and resist thepestilence plantain water helps the headache. Being dropped into the ear ithelps the tooth-ache, helps the phthisicks, dropsy and fluxes, and isan admirable remedy for ulcers in the reins and bladder, to be used ascommon drink. The herb is in its prime in may strawberry water cools, quenches thirst, clarifies the blood, breaksthe stone, helps all inward inflammations, especially those in thereins, bladder and passages of the urine. It strengthens the liver andhelps the yellow jaundice the distilled water of dog grass, or couch grass, as essay call it, cleanses the reins gallantly, and provokes urine, opens obstructions ofthe liver and spleen, and kills worms black cherry water provokes urine, helps the dropsy it is usuallygiven in diseases of the brain, as convulsions, falling-sickness, palsyand apoplexy betony is in its prime in may, the distilled water thereof is verygood for such as are pained in their heads, it prevails against thedropsy and all sorts of fevers. It succours the liver and spleen, and helps want of digestion and evil disposition of the body thencearising. It hastens travail in women with child, and is excellentagainst the bitings of venomous beasts distil sage whilst the flowers be on it, the water strengthens thebrain, provokes the menses, helps nature much in all its actions marjoram is in its prime in june, distilled water is excellent forsuch whose brains are too cold, it provokes urine, heats the womb, provokes the menses, strengthens the memory and helps the judgment, causes an able brain distil camomel water about the beginning of june it eases thecholick and pains in the belly. It breaks the stone in the reins andbladder, provokes the menses, expels the dead child, and takes awaypains in the head fennel water strengthens the heart and brain. Dilates the breast, thecough, provokes the menses, encreases milk in nurses, and if you washyour eyes with it, it clears the sight the hooves of the fore feet of a cow dried and taken any away, encrease milk in nurses, the smoke of them drives away mice mizaldus calaminth water heats and cleanses the womb, provokes the menses, andeases the pains of the head, distil it in may the distilled water of rosemary flowers, helps such as are troubledwith the yellow jaundice, asthmas, it cleanses the blood, helpsconcoction, strengthens the brain and body exceedingly water of the flowers of lilies of the valley, strengthens the brainand all the senses the water of cowslip flowers helps the palsey. Takes away pains inthe head, the vertigo and megrim, and is exceeding good for pregnantwomen the eyes being washed every morning with eyebright water, moststrangely clears and strengthens the sight maidenhair distilled in may, the water cleanses both liver and lungs, clarifies the blood, and breaks the stone hyssop water cleanses the lungs of flegm, helps coughs and asthmas, distil it in august the water of hore-hound, helps the cough and straitness of thebreast. It strengthens the breast, lungs and stomach, and liver, distilit in june carduus water succours the head, strengthens the memory, helps suchas are troubled with vertigoes and quartan agues, it provokes sweat, strengthens the heart, and all other fevers of choler it is in itsprime in may and june scabious water helps pleurises and pains, and pricking in the sides;aposthumes, coughs, pestilences, and straitness of the breast water of flower-de-luce is very profitable in dropsies, an ouncebeing drank continually every morning and evening.

You may take which you please, according as the temperature of your body, either to heat or cold, andthe season of year requires it hath the same virtues wormwood hath, only fitter to be used by suchwhose bodies are chilled by age, and whose natural heat abates youmay search the herbs for the virtues, it heats the stomach, and helpsdigestion the college after the same manner only omitting the annis seedsis distilled spirit and water of angelica, both herb and root, bawm, mints, sage, &c the flowers of rosemary, clary, clove-gilliflowers, &c the seeds of caraway, &c juniper-berries, orange pills, lemons, citrons, &c cinnamon, nutmegs, &c spiritus et aqua absynthii magis composita or spirit and water of wormwood, the greater composition the college take of common and roman wormwood, of each a pound;sage, mints, bawm, of each two handfuls. The roots of galanga, ginger, calamus, aromaticus, elecampane, of each three drachms. Liquorice, anounce, raisins of the sun stoned, three ounces, annis seeds, and sweetfennel seeds, of each three drachms. Cinnamon, cloves, nutmegs, of eachtwo drachms. Cardamoms, cubebs, of each one drachm. Let the thingsbe cut that are to be cut, and the things be bruised that are to bebruised, all of them infused in twenty four pints of spanish wine, fortwenty four hours, then, distilled in an alembick, adding two ounces ofwhite sugar to every pint of distilled water let the first pint be called spirit of wormwood the greater composition culpeper the opinion of authors is, that it heats the stomach, and strengthens it and the lungs, expels wind, and helps digestion inancient people spiritus et aqua angelica magis composita or spirit and water of angelica, the greater composition the college take of the leaves of angelica eight ounces, of carduusbenedictus six ounces, of bawm and sage, of each four ounces, angelicaseeds six ounces. Sweet fennel seeds nine ounces let the herbs, beingdryed, and the seeds be grossly bruised, to which add of the speciescalled aromaticum rosarum. And of the species called diamoschu dulce, of each an ounce and a half, infuse them two days in thirty two pintsof spanish wine, then distil them with a gentle fire, and with everypound mix two ounces of sugar dissolved in rose-water let the three first pounds be called by the name of spirit, the rest bythe name of water culpeper the chief end of composing this medicine, was tostrengthen the heart and resist infection, and therefore is verywholeessay in pestilential times, and for such as walk in stinking air i shall now quote you their former receipt in their former dispensatory angelica water the greater composition the college take of angelica two pounds, annis seed half a pound, coriander and caraway seeds, of each four ounces, zedoary bruised, three ounces. Steep them twenty four hours in six gallons of smallwine, then draw out the spirit, and sweeten it with sugar culpeper it comforts the heart, cherishes the vital spirits, resists the pestilence, and all corrupt airs, which indeed are thenatural causes of epidemical diseases, the sick may take a spoonfulof it in any convenient cordial, and such as are in health, and havebodies either cold by nature, or cooled by age, may take as much eitherin the morning fasting, or a little before meat spiritus lavendula compositus matthiæ or compound spirit of lavender matthias the college take of lavender flowers one gallon, to which pourthree gallons of the best spirits of wine, let them stand togetherin the sun six days, then distil them with an alembick with thisrefrigeratory take of the flowers of sage, rosemary, and bettony, of each onehandful. The flowers of borrage, bugloss, lilies of the valley, cowslips, of each two handfuls. Let the flowers be newly and seasonablygathered, being infused in one gallon of the best spirits of wine, and mingled with the foregoing spirit of lavender flowers, addingthe leaves of bawm, feather-few, and orange tree fresh gathered. Theflowers of stœchas and orange tree, bay berries, of each one ounce after convenient digestion distil it again, after which add citronpills the outward bark, peony seed husked, of each six drams, cinnamon, mace, nutmegs, cardamoms, cubebs, yellow sanders, of each half anounce, wood of aloes one dram, the best jujubes, the stones being takenout, half a pound, digest them six weeks, then strain it and filter it, and add to it prepared pearls two drams, emeralds prepared a scruple, ambergrease, musk, saffron, of each half a scruple, red roses dryed, red sanders, of each half an ounce, yellow sanders, citron pills, dryed, of each one dram let the species being tyed up in a rag, behung into the aforementioned spirit culpeper i could wish the apothecaries would desire to be certifiedby the college 1 whether the gallon of lavender flowers must be filled by heap, or by strike 2 next, whether the flowers must be pressed downin the measure or not 3 how much must be drawn off in the firstdistillation 4 where they should get orange leaves and flowers freshgathered 5 what they mean by convenient digestion 6 where youshall find borrage, bugloss, and cowslips, flowering together, thatso you may have them all fresh according to their prescript, the oneflowering in the latter end of april, and beginning of may, the otherin the end of june, and beginning of july 7 if they can make a shiftto make it, how, or which way the virtues of it will countervail theone half of the charge and cost, to leave the pains and trouble out spiritus castorii or spirit of castoreum the college take of fresh castoreum four ounces, lavender floweran ounce, the tops of sage and rosemary, of each half an ounce, cinnamon six drams, mace, cloves, of each two drachms, spirits of winerectified, six pounds, digest them in a phial filled only to the thirdwriting, close stopped with cork and bladder in warm ashes for two days, then distilled in balneo mariæ, and the distilled water kept closestopped culpeper by reason of its heat it is no ways fit to be taken alone, but mixed with other convenient medicines appropriated to the diseasesyou would give it for, it resists poison, and helps such as are bittenby venomous beasts.

“firwein is prepared how to mla cite an essay from the inside fresh green bark of the fir tree ”the label on the product reads. “firwein is pleasantly and effectively blended with salts of iodin and bromin, held in solution with 20 per cent alcohol ”the therapeutic claims made for firwein and the mystery enshroudingits composition make it obvious that the product is intended to appealto those who are either thoughtless or ignorant this is emphasized bythe suggestion that firwein be combined with 1 cod liver oil underthe claim that it will “promote the efficiency of the oil”, with 2whisky for the treatment of bronchorrhea of the aged, and with 3syrup of hypophosphites for the treatment of persistent bronchitis as the composition of firwein is secret, the therapeutic claimsunwarranted, and its use irrational, the council declared itinadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies -- from journal a m a , feb 17, 1917 firolyptol plain and firolyptol with kreosote report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryfirolyptol, another product of the tilden company, is, we are told, composed of eucalyptol 10 drops, cottonseed oil 1/2 ounce and firweinenough to make 1 ounce as the composition of firwein is secret, itis evident that the composition of firolyptol is also unknown, exceptto the manufacturers “firolyptol with kreosote” is said to contain, in addition to whatever may be the component writings of firolyptol, 10 minims of creosote to each ounce according to an advertisement, firolyptol with kreosote is “antituberculous, antistrumous” and“contains all the desired features of cod liver oil and is readilyassimilated ”the advertisements of “firolyptol plain” and “firolyptol with kreosote”seem to have for their key-note the assertion that cottonseed oilis a writingicularly valuable nutriment and that when combined withconstituents of firolyptol and firolyptol with kreosote becomeswritingicularly valuable to the tuberculous to quote from an advertisingcircular. “now that the reconstructive properties of cottonseed oil are better appreciated by the profession, the advantages that follow the administration of a palatable emulsion of this strengthening and fattening food product are being demonstrated in hundreds of paper where formerly reliance would have been placed in cod liver oil a recent writer says that pure cottonseed oil is the greatest and purest vegetable oil known to chemistry, and will do much toward revolutionizing the treatment of the great white plague if the treatment of tuberculosis could resolve itself into the administration of a fatty substance in a readily assimilated form, there would be no need for any writing of firolyptol but the cottonseed oil the toxic material constantly produced in the system by the germs of tuberculosis tend to expose it more and more to the ravages of the disease, and the physiologic functions of the body suffer a constant depression to neutralize this germ activity with a consequent production of toxins it seems most logical to employ such agents as have demonstrated their suitability for such purposes, for which reason eucalyptol and kreosote with firwein are incorporated in firolyptol ”the assertion that cottonseed oil is an especially valuable formof fat is without warrant, but even if it were true the fat isavailable in cheap and palatable forms in numerous other cottonseedoil products it is unnecessary to discuss the problematic value ofcreosote in the treatment of tuberculosis or the value of eucalyptol now generally abandoned, or even of the secret mixture firwein food and fresh air, not drugs, constitute the fundamentals of thetreatment of tuberculosis, and it is both irrational and detrimental tothe interests of the tuberculous to administer various potent agentsin fixed and unknown amounts with such simple articles of food ascottonseed oil neither of these products is acceptable for new andnonofficial remedies editorial note -- firwein110 has been advertised to physiciansfor twenty-five or thirty years and it is a sad commentary on theintelligence of our profession that a preparation sold under suchobviously false and misleading, not to say silly, claims, should stillbe in existence firwein is claimed to “prevent waste of tissue” intuberculosis if it had this power, it would have found its placelong ago among the few great agents in drug therapy as a matter offact, firwein has gained virtually no recognition outside of the“literature” of the tilden concern the claims made for firwein are apeculiar mixture of studied candor-- when the truth is not likely tohurt its sale-- and inane vaporing-- when the facts would not redound toits credit the tilden company declares that “firwein stands withouta peer in its class ” but the company adds 10 drops of eucalyptol andessay cottonseed oil to this peerless product and an improvement isborn-- “firolyptol”!. then, to perfect the already perfectly perfected, 10 drops of creosote are added to “firolyptol” and the profession isoffered “firolyptol with kreosote”!. in just what verbal pyrotechnicsthe tilden company might indulge, should it decide to add ten dropsof essaything else to “firolyptol with kreosote, ” one shudders tocontemplate 110 three other tilden products have been the subject of deservedand unfavorable comment in the j a m a. “narkine” in the issue ofoct 24, 1908, “hydrocyanate of iron-tilden” in the issue of june 19, 1909, and “febrisol, ” in the issue of june 29, 1912 the first twoarticles are reprinted in the latest 9th edition of “the propagandafor reform ”if we are accused of exhibiting undue levity in discussing atherapeutic problem, we can only answer that it is impossible toconsider seriously the charlie chaplins of the nostrum world -- fromthe journal a m a , feb 17, 1917 biniodol report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryin accordance with the usages of the council, the report whichappears below along with the reports of the clinical investigationby drs cole and keidel upon which the recommendations of thereferee were based were sent to the manufacturer for comment thereply of the manufacturer contained no evidence which justified thecouncil in modifying the action already taken publication of thereport was therefore authorized w a puckner, secretary biniodol was submitted to the council by the manufacturer, charles c yarbrough, memphis, tenn the manufacturer claims the product is asolution of 1 per cent of red mercuric iodid and 2 75 per cent ofguaiacol in bland vegetable oil it is marketed with the implicationthat it is new and superior to other oil solutions of mercuric iodid for instance. “ it is a straight solution of this mercurial compound, as no alkaline iodide or other chemical is used to bring about the solution ” “ it is probably the first and only one-percent oil solution of straight mercury biniodide made in america ” the manufacturer, in a letter addressed to the secretary of the council, explains. “by straight solution, i mean that the solution of the red mercuric iodid is effected without the aid of any alkaline iodid or other chemicals biniodol was first offered early in 1912 ” “biniodol is, therefore, superior and much to be preferred to other mercurials used for like purposes it is highly active therapeutically, producing the desired effects, usually without the inevitable disadvantages of other mercurials it rarely causes salivation, diarrhea, or other symptoms of mercurial intolerance, even when pushed to full therapeutic effect and when given for a considerable period of time nor does it produce anemia ”the chemical laboratory of the american medical association found thatbiniodol contained 1 per cent of mercuric iodid and 2 5 per cent of guaiacol. Hence the composition is essentially as claimed it isnot true, however, that biniodol is the “first and only one-percentsolution of straight mercury biniodide made in america ” as shownin the journal a m a , dec 9, 1914, p 2247, formulas by lemaireand dunning for making a “straight” solution of mercuric iodid werepublished in this country in 1909 and 1910, respectively moreover, a1 per cent solution of mercuric iodid in oil is on the market and isdescribed in new and nonofficial remedies to determine whether or not biniodol is “superior and much to bepreferred to other mercurials used for like purposes, ” the councilsecured the cooperation of the dewritingment of dermatology andsyphilology of the western reserve university cooperating with thecleveland city hospital, and of the johns hopkins hospital eachreceived three samples, labeled respectively, 1, 2 and 3. 1 containedbiniodol. 2, a 1 per cent solution of mercuric iodid in oil. 3, asolution made up according to the formula of biniodol, namely, 1 percent of mercuric iodid and 2 5 per cent of guaiacol in oil all thesolutions were sterile the investigators were not informed whichpreparation was designated by the respective numbers, but they wereasked to use the preparations when intramuscular injections of a 1 percent oily solution of mercuric iodid were indicated, and to note whatdifferences, if any, were observed following the use of the differentsolutions regarding pain, discomfort, induration and any otherevidences of effects of the medicaments the cleveland investigator reports that the patients were more or lessconfused in their replies to inquiries and gave rather indefinite andconflicting answers after carefully tabulating the replies, however, the following summary resulted. 1 was worse than 2 or 3 in 6 paper 2 was worse than 1 or 3 in 5 paper 3 was worse than 2 or 1 in 1 case the report from johns hopkins records a series of 117 injectionsfollowed by the estimated reactions recorded below.

Why, i do notknow i am entirely satisfied that it has no beneficial effect on syphiliticsand have discontinued its use entirely in my practice i am glad to have read cole excellent article, as it shows me that iwas correct in my decision not to use it again, as it was worthless william g ward, m d , lynn, mass to the editor:-- dr william g ward letter the journal, feb 3, 1917, p 390, and the recent admirable article by dr harold n cole the journal, dec 30, 1916, p 2012 recall to mind dr j b murphyclinical note on the use of sodium cacodylate in the treatment ofsyphilis the journal, sept 24, 1910, p 1113, and the experimentalwork of cap h j nichols, u s army the journal, feb 18, 1911, p 492 the results of nichols’ work conclusively proved, at leastfrom a laboratory standpoint, that this drug was of very little valueas a spirocheticide in combating syphilis prior to the publication ofdr murphy letter i had employed sodium cacodylate extensively as aremedy in psoriasis, and i still continue to use it in selected paperof the disease adopting dr murphy suggestion, i gave the agent an extensive trialin syphilis in all stages of the disease the results were extremelydisappointing, from both clinical and serologic points of view morerecently, during the scarcity of salvarsan, i gave the drug a secondtrial, employing it in large dosage in the hope that the previousfailure had been due to the employment of insufficient amounts theresults were not tabulated, but, judging roughly from my experience ina score of paper, its therapeutic value as an antisyphilitic was nil afew of the patients underwent a temporary how to mla cite an essay improvement, probably owingto the tonic effect of the drug, but in every instance the serologicfindings were unaffected r l sutton, m d , kansas city, mo -- correspondence in the journal a m a , feb 3, 1917 tablets. Dependability of dosagethe tablet form of administering medicines is popular among thesisphysicians because of its convenient availability and dosage thereis no doubt about the convenience of tablets, but the accuracy of thedosage content is not always to be depended on one reason for thisis that the demand for palatable and convenient “medicaments has ledmanufacturers to attempt to produce in tablet form mixtures which, fromthe nature of the case, are not suited to that method of compounding ”in a series of painstaking experiments307 on bismuth, opium andphenol tablets, conducted a number of years ago in the a m a chemical laboratory, it was shown that no tablets on the market thencontained the amount of phenol the label indicated, the variationbeing from 12 3 to 112 5 per cent similarly, the laboratory foundthat in the case of several different brands of aromatic digestivetablets, 308 the amount of hydrochloric acid present in these absurdcombinations was true to label in only one half of the specimens, notwithstanding the fact that the amounts claimed to be present wereridiculously small. In two specimens, there was no hydrochloricacid whatever present, while a third contained only a trace theseexamples illustrated clearly the very evident unwisdom of attemptingthe pharmaceutically impossible merely for the sake of convenience orpharmaceutical “elegance ”307 puckner, w a , and clark, a h. Examination of tablets ofbismuth, opium and phenol, the journal a m a , july 25, 1908, p 330 puckner, w a , and hilpert, w s. Tablets of bismuth, opiumand phenol, dec 17, 1910, p 2169, may 6, 1911, p 1344 unreliablepharmaceutical products, editorial, may 6, 1911, p 1335 308 puckner, w a , and warren, l e. Aromatic digestive tablets, the journal a m a , aug 20, 1910, p 710 another reason for doubting the accuracy of dosage, irrespective ofthe characteristics of the drugs composing the tablets, has been themanifest lack of care in their manufacture in 1914, kebler309reported the results of a far-reaching investigation of tabletcompounding in which he pointed out that tablets on the market werenot as uniform or accurate as was generally believed, the variationsbeing “unexpectedly large in numbers and amount ” during the past year, the connecticut agricultural experiment station310 undertook theexamination of tablets-- proprietary and nonproprietary-- taken from thestock of dispensing physicians the variations found in weights ofthe tablets were strikingly similar to those reported by kebler 309 kebler, l f. The tablet industry, jour am pharm assn , 1914, 3, 820, 937, 1062 310 bull 200, connecticut agricultural station, food and drugproducts, 1917, p 161 variation in weights of tablets kebler connecticut variation per cent per cent less than 10 per cent 43 44 more than 10 per cent 57 56 more than 12 per cent 44 35 more than 15 per cent 28 26 more than 20 per cent 9 10the determinations of the composition of the tablets when comparedwith that claimed for them showed wide variation-- from 54 per cent above to 70 5 per cent below. In almost two thirds of the tabletsexamined, the variation amounted to more than 10 per cent. In threefifths of the tablets, the variation was more than 15 per cent.

  • help with university assignments
  • sat without essay
  • order term paper online
  • custom term paper writing service
  • help with university assignments
  • purchase college essays online
  • buying a financial planning business
  • mba essay
  • what is a claim in an argumentative essay
  • a rose for emily essay
  • kids homework helper
  • geometry homework help online free
  • explication essay
  • best essay writing service reviews
  • pay for essays online
  • argumentative essay introduction example
  • feminism essay
  • johns hopkins essay
  • which would make an effective thesis for an essay on the cause of the french revolution?
  • professional essay writers for hire
  • thesis for argumentative essay

Ecchymosis insubcutaneous tissue on level of angle of jaw and about one centimetrein size, supposed to correspond to the knot tardieu how to mla cite an essay reported thatthe marks rather resembled those of strangulation than hanging. Theecchymoses were more like those produced by the hand over the mouth the marks on the face supposed to have been made by a supposed fall ofthe body were by him considered to have been caused by violence hebelieved the woman had been strangled and then hung 68 ibid , p 130 - the daugats affair man found hanging, sittingon the ground, head and trunk essaywhat inclined to the left. Legsstretched out. Clothing not disordered. The writing of the cord whichwas around the neck was applied to the neck of the waistcoat andshirt.