History

How To Essay


$1 $2$3 00121de cuivre pur” each ampule contains o 00121 gr of pure copper thea m a chemical laboratory reports that the preparation does containa small amount of copper, with essay protein material and about 1 percent sodium chlorid the therapeutic claims in the advertising circular are thosecommonly made for cancer “cures” and are about equally convincing the publication of such statements and quotations as the following, which appear in a pamphlet “the medical treatment in cancer, ” cannotbe too strongly condemned in a medicament that at best has only anexperimental status. “a special preparation, cuprase, has been introduced into therapeutics which has been remarkably successful in the history of the therapeutics of cancer, nothing has been found which can compare with the effects produced by means of cuprase clinical facts carry greater weight than theoretical deductions it follows, from the clinical observations which i have collected, that in the large majority of paper cuprase effects the diminution or disappearance of the pains, an improvement in the general condition, a diminution or arrest of the neoplasms, and finally in certain paper, a cure has been effected it should be remarked that all or nearly all the observations refer to inoperable paper in which the prognosis was unfavorable at an early date it is needless to emphasize the practical importance of a preparation capable of yielding such results, even relative, in the worst stages of a disease which has always been regarded as absolutely resisting the action of all internal remedies ” “to sum up, cuprase has given positive results in about 94 per cent of the paper in which it has been employed for a sufficiently long period, and essay brilliant results in about 20 per cent of these paper therefore, it may be affirmed, that among the internal remedies for cancer, cuprase is the one which has produced the most successful results, and can, under certain circumstances, compete with surgical methods, even, so far as the rapidity of their results are concerned ” “it is indicated. A awriting from all operation, and as a specific and curative remedy. B before an operation, in order to give tone to the patient, mobilise the tumor, destroy its toxins. C after the operation, as a tonic and anti-toxic, and in order to avoid frequent relapses which are always possible ”essentially the same statements are made in the more recentadvertisements f i urological and cutaneous review, feb , 1919 opposed to these loose statements are the results of richard weil the journal a m a , 1913, sept 27, p 1034. Ibid, 1915, april 17, p 1283 weil avoided pitfalls of subjective impressions and usedas the essential criterion of efficiency “the demonstrable reductionin size of a tumor, of a kind not to be attributed to the naturalprocesses of evolution of that tumor or of its associated lesions” l c 1915, p 1289 the available evidence for cuprase is far from meeting this criterion that published by the manufacturers and agents presents only vaguegeneralities, and no definite data the evidence gathered by weilhimself permits an estimate of the value of cuprase and it is entirelyunfavorable he states l c 1915, p 1288:“colloidal copper has been used in recent time for the same purposeby gaube du gers and by others i have recently examined the effectsof colloidal copper on malignant tumors in man, and have been unableto find that it has any therapeutic value furthermore, a study ofthe distribution of the copper in tumors obtained at operation or bynecropsy from individuals so treated failed to show that the copper hadbeen deposited therein ”in view of the extravagant and cruelly misleading therapeutic claims, and the indefinite statements of composition, the council votedcuprase ineligible to n n r , and authorized the publication of thisreport -- from the journal a m a , april 12, 1919 collosol preparations report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has adopted and authorized publication of the report whichappears below declaring “collosol argentum, ” “collosol arsenicum, ”“collosol cocain, ” “collosol cuprum, ” “collosol ferrum, ” “collosolhydrargyrum, ” “collosol iodin, ” “collosol manganese, ” “collosol quinin”and “collosol sulphur” inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies, because their composition is uncertain conflict with rule 1 in thefew paper in which the therapeutic claims for these preparations wereexamined, the claims were found to be so improbable or exaggerated conflict with rules 6 and 10 as to have necessitated the rejection ofthese products w a puckner, secretarythe anglo-french drug co , ltd , london and new york, in november, 1918, requested the council to consider the products “collosolargentum, ” “collosol arsenicum, ” “collosol cocain, ” “collosol cuprum, ”“collosol ferrum, ” “collosol hydrargyrum, ” “collosol iodin, ” “collosolmanganese, ” “collosol quinin” and “collosol sulphur ” the term“collosol” appears to be a group designation for what are claimed tobe permanent colloidal solutions, marketed by the anglo-french drugco , ltd were this claim correct, “collosols” should contain theiractive constituents in the form of microscopic or ultramicroscopicsuspensions, protected against spontaneous precipitation by thepresence of proteins or essay similar “stabilizers ”according to the original patent specifications for collosols, themetals are precipitated or treated with “peptone, ” which acts as thesuspending or stabilizing agent the method of using the peptone makesit doubtful, in the first place, whether the major writing of the metalsis present in colloidal form, or merely in the form of peptonates, i e , as ordinary salts moreover, the later patents indicate that theproducts have been unsatisfactory. “experience having shown that essaymetal colloids under certain conditions not yet fully understood havethe tendency to break down after a certain period” u s patent no 1, 116, 247 phenol, it is claimed has a tendency to counteract thisdecomposition, and the patent covers the use of phenol for this purpose it is difficult to see how phenol could possibly have such action infact, it obviously does not, for a number of the samples of collosolssubmitted to the council had separated for instance, “collosolhydrargyrum” was not a colloidal solution at all, but a suspensionof a coarse powder the ampules of “collosol ferrum” contained aconsiderable quantity of flocculent precipitate if either of thesepreparations were injected intravenously as directed, death mightresult, making the physician morally if not legally liable the recklessness of the claims is further illustrated by the advicethat these indefinite mixtures of poisonous metals can be injected inunlimited quantities thus, henry crookes stated chemical news, may 7, 1914, p 218 that collosols “contain so small a proportion ofmetal, viz , 1 in 2000, that even a poisonous body like arsenic can beused with impunity ” he stated that they may be applied as a lotion, intramuscular or intravenous injection, and that “one pint or more canbe injected intravenously ”in the case of “collosol cocain, ” as was brought out in the councilreport published in the journal, april 12, 1919, the manufacturers haveadmitted that the product is not what they have claimed-- and stillclaim-- for it the report of the a m a chemical laboratory showedthat “collosol cocain, ” instead of containing 1 per cent cocain asclaimed, contained, in fact, at most not more than 0 4 per cent cocain the report of the a m a chemical laboratory on the collosol productswas sent by the council to the new york office of the anglo-french drugco , ltd , in duplicate in order to facilitate reference to the londonoffice this was essay months ago the information which the councilrequested has not yet been received, nor has the anglo-french drug co , ltd , indicated its intention of supplying such information on theother hand, claims to which specific objection have been made, continueto appear in current advertising accordingly, the council authorizespublication of this report, and declares the collosol preparationspreviously named ineligible to new and nonofficial remedies additional notes on collosol evidencein addition to the preceding the following notes of the referee on theevidence so far submitted were sent to the anglo-french drug company, ltd , for consideration:collosol iodine.

They remedy all infirmities of the headcoming of heat and wind, as vertigo, ephialtes, false apparitions, phrensies, falling-sickness, palsies, convulsions, cramps, pains inthe nerves. The roots ease pains in the back and bladder, and open thepassages of urine the leaves are good in wounds, and the flowers takeaway trembling if the flowers be not well dried, and kept in a warmplace, they will soon putrefy and look green. Have a special eye overthem. If you let them see the sun once a month, it will do neither thesun nor them harm because they strengthen the brain and nerves, and remedy palsies, greeks gave them the name paralysis the flowers preserved orconserved, and the quantity of a nutmeg eaten every morning, is asufficient dose for inward diseases.

Prog méd , 1887, vi , pp 211-214 - two men, age 29 and25, insane attempted suicide by hanging both resuscitated 48 nobeling. Aertz intellig -bl , 1884, xxxi , p 213 - twosuicides by hanging. Men, ages 24 and 40 49 ritter. Allg wien, med zeit , 1886, xxxi , p 375 - soldier, found hanging cut down in ten minutes artificial respirationapplied. Fifteen minutes later, an effort at respiration. Facechanging from blue to white and then to red.

To the decoction add juice of fumitory, pulp of prunes, and raisins of the sun, of each half a pound, whitesugar, clarified honey, of each one pound, boil it to the thicknessof honey, strewing in towards the end agarick trochiscated, sena ofeach two ounces, rhubarb one ounce and an half, epithimum one ounce, diacrydium six drams, cinnamon half an ounce, ginger two drams, theseeds of fumitory and annis, spikenard, of each one dram, make it intoan electuary according to art culpeper the receipt is chiefly appropriated as a purge formelancholy and salt flegm, and diseases thence arising, as scabs, itch, leprosies, cancers, infirmities of the skin, it purges adust humours, and is good against madness, melancholy, forgetfulness, vertigo itpurges very violently, and is not safe given alone i would advise theunskilful not to meddle with it inwardly. You may give half an ounce ofit in clysters, in melancholy diseases, which commonly have astringencya constant companion with them electuarium lenitivum or lenitive electuary college take of raisins of the sun stoned, polypodium of theoak, sena, of each two ounces, mercury one handful and an half, jujubes, sebestens, of each twenty, maidenhair, violets, frenchbarley, of each one handful, damask prunes stoned, tamarinds of eachsix drams, liquorice half an ounce, boil them in ten pounds of watertill two writings of the three be consumed. Strain it, and dissolve inthe decoction, pulp of cassia, tamarinds, and fresh prunes, sugar ofviolets, of each six ounces, sugar two pounds, at last add powder ofsena leaves, one ounce and an half, annis seeds in powder, two drams toeach pound of electuary, and so bring it into the form of an electuaryaccording to art culpeper it gently opens and molifies the bowels, brings forthcholer, flegm, and melancholy, and that without trouble, it is cooling, and therefore is profitable in pleurisies, and for wounded people. Aman of reasonable strength may take an ounce of it going to bed, whichwill work next morning electuarium passulatum college take of fresh polypodium roots three ounces, freshmarsh-mallow roots, sena, of each two ounces, annis seeds two drams, steep them in a glazed vessel, in a sufficient quantity of springwater, boil them according to art. Strain it and with pulp of raisinsof the sun half a pound, white sugar, manna, of each four ounces, boilit to the thickness of a cydoniate, and renew it four times a year culpeper it gently purges both choler and melancholy, cleanses thereins and bladder, and therefore is good for the stone and gravel inthe kidneys electuarium e succo rosarum or electuary of the juice of roses college take of sugar, the juice of red roses clarified, of each apound and four ounces, the three sorts of sanders of each six drams, spodium three drams, diacydonium twelve drams, camphire a scruple, letthe juice be boiled with the sugar to its just thickness, then add therest in powder, and so make it into an electuary according to art culpeper it purges choler, and is good in tertian agues, anddiseases of the joints, it purges violently, therefore let it be warilygiven hiera picra simple college take of cinnamon, xylobalsamum, or wood of aloes, the rootsof asarabacca, spikenard, mastich, saffron, of each six drams, aloesnot washed twelve ounces and an half, clarified honey four pounds andthree ounces, mix them into an electuary according to art also you maykeep the species by itself in your shops culpeper it is an excellent remedy for vicious juices which liefurring the tunicle of the stomach, and such idle fancies and symptomswhich the brain suffers thereby, whereby essay think they see, othersthat they hear strange things, especially when they are in bed, andbetween sleeping and waking. Besides this, it very gently purges thebelly, and helps such women as are not sufficiently purged after theirtravail hiera with agarick college take of species hiera, simple without aloes, agaricktrochiscated, of each half an ounce, aloes not washed one ounce, clarified honey six ounces, mix it, and make it into an electuaryaccording to art culpeper look but to the virtues of agarick and add them to thevirtues of the former receipt, so is the business done without anyfurther trouble hiera logadii college take of coloquintida, polypodium, of each two drams, euphorbium, poley mountain, the seeds of spurge, of each one dramand an half, and six grains, wormwood, myrrh, of each one dram andtwelve grains, centaury the less, agarick, gum ammoniacum, indian leafor mace, spikenard, squills prepared, diacrydium of each one dram, aloes, thyme hermander, cassia lignea, bdellum, horehound, of eachone scruple and fourteen grains, cinnamon, oppopanax, castorium, longbirthwort, the three sorts of pepper, sagapen, saffron, parsley of eachtwo drams, hellebore black and white, of each six grains, clarifiedhoney a pound and a half, mix them, and make of them an electuaryaccording to art let the species be kept dry in your shops culpeper it takes away by the roots daily evils coming ofmelancholy, falling-sickness, vertigo, convulsions, megrim, leprosies, and thesis other infirmities. For my writing i should be loth to take itinwardly unless upon desperate occasions, or in clysters it may welltake away diseases by the roots, if it takes away life and all hiera diacolocynthidos college take of colocynthis, agarick, germander, white horehound, stœchas, of each ten drams, opopanax, sagapen, parsley seeds, roundbirthwort roots, white pepper of each five drams, spikenard, cinnamon, myrrh, indian leaf or mace, saffron, of each four drams, bruise thegums in a mortar, sift the rest, and with three pounds of clarifiedhoney, three ounces and five drams, make it into an electuary accordingto art culpeper it helps the falling-sickness, madness, and the pain inthe head called kephalalgia, pains in the breast and stomach whetherthey come by sickness or bruises, pains in the loins or back-bone, hardness of womens breasts, putrefaction of meat in the stomach, andsour belchings it is but used seldom and therefore hard to be gotten triphera the greater college take of myrobalans, chebs, bellericks, inds and emblicks, nutmegs, of each five drams, water-cress seeds, asarabacca roots, persian origanum, or else dittany of crete, black pepper, olibanum, ammi, ginger, tamarisk, indian nard, squinanth, cypress roots of eachhalf an ounce, filings of steel prepared with vinegar twenty drams, let the myrobalans be roasted with fresh butter, let the rest, beingpowdered, be sprinkled with oil of sweet almonds, then add musk onedram, and with their treble weight in honey, make it into an electuaryaccording to art culpeper it helps the immoderate flowing of the menses in women, and the hæmorrhoids in men, it helps weakness of the stomach, andrestores colour lost, it frees the body from crude humours, andstrengthens the bladder, helps melancholy, and rectifies the distempersof the spleen you may take a dram in the morning, or two if your bodybe any thing strong triphera solutive college take of diacrydium, ten drams, turbith, an ounce and anhalf, cardamoms the less, cloves, cinnamon, honey, of each three drams, yellow sanders, liquorice, sweet fennel seeds, of each half an ounce, acorns, schœnanth, of each a dram, red roses, citron pills preserved, of each three drams, violets two drams, penids four ounces, white sugarhalf a pound, honey clarified in juice of apples one pound, make anelectuary according to art culpeper the diacrydium and turbith, are a couple of untowardpurges, the rest are all cordials athanasia mithridatis galen college take of cinnamon, cassia, schœnanth, of each an ounce andan half, saffron, myrrh, of each one ounce, costus, spignel, meum, acorus, water-flag perhaps they mean see the root in the catalogue ofsimples, agarick, scordium, carrots, parsley, of each half an ounce, white pepper eleven grains, honey so much as is sufficient to make itinto an electuary according to art culpeper it prevails against poison, and the bitings of venomousbeasts, and helps such whose meat putrifies in their stomach, staysvomiting of blood, helps old coughs, and cold diseases in the liver, spleen, bladder, and matrix the dose is half a dram electuarium scoriaferri rhasis college take of the flakes of iron infused in vinegar seven daysand dried, three drams, indian spikenard, schœnanth, cypress, ginger, pepper, bishop weed, frankincense, of each half an ounce, myrobalans, indian bellericks, and emblicks, honey boiled with the decoction ofemblicks, sixteen ounces, mix them together, and make of them anelectuary culpeper the medicine heats the spleen gently, purges melancholy, eases pains in the stomach and spleen, and strengthens digestion people that are strong may take half an ounce in the morning fasting, and weak people three drams it is a good remedy for pains and hardnessof the spleen confectio humain mesua college take of eyebright two ounces, fennel seeds five drams, cloves, cinnamon, cubebs, long pepper, mace, of each one dram, beatthem all into powder, and with clarified honey one pound, in which boiljuice of fennel one ounce, juice of celandine and rue, of each half anounce, and with the powders make it up into an electuary culpeper it is chiefly appropriated to the brain and heart, quickens the senses, especially the sight, and resists the pestilence you may take half a dram if your body be hot, a dram if cold, in themorning fasting diaireos solomonis nich college take of orris roots one ounce, pennyroyal, hyssop, liquorice, of each six drams, tragacanth, white starch, bitter almonds, pine-nuts, cinnamon, ginger, pepper, of each three drams, fat figs, thepulp of raisins of the sun, and dates, of each three drams and an half, styrax, calamitis two drams and an half, sugar dissolved in hyssopwater, and clarified honey, of each twice the weight of all the rest, make them into an electuary according to art culpeper the electuary is chiefly appropriated to the lungs, andhelps cold infirmities of them, as asthmaes, coughs, difficulty ofbreathing, &c you may take it with a liquorice stick, or on the pointof a knife, a little of it at a time, and often diasaiyrion nich college take of the roots of satyrion fresh and sound, gardenparsnips, eringo, pine-nuts, indian nuts, or if indian nuts be wanting, take the double quantity of pine-nuts, fistic-nuts, of each one ounceand an half, cloves, ginger, the seeds of annis, rocket, ash keys, ofeach five drams, cinnamon, the tails and loins of scincus, the seeds ofbulbus nettles, of each two drams and an half, musk seven grains, ofthe best sugar dissolved in malaga wine, three pounds, make it into anelectuary according to art culpeper it helps weakness of the reins and bladder, and such asmake water with difficulty, it provokes lust exceedingly, and speedilyhelps such as are impotent in the acts of venus you may take twodrams or more at a time matthiolus great antidote against poison and pestilence college take of rhubarb, rhapontic, valerian roots, the rootsof acorus, or calamus aromaticus, cypress, cinquefoyl, tormentil, round birthwort, male peony, elecampane, costus, illirick, orris, white chamelion, or avens, of each three drams, the roots of galanga, masterwort, white dictamni, angelica, yarrow, fillipendula or dropwort, zedoary, ginger, of each two drams, rosemary, gentian, devil-bit, ofeach two drams and an half, the seeds of citrons, and agnus castus, the berries of kermes, the seeds of ash-tree, sorrel, wild parsnips, navew, nigella, peony the male, bazil, hedge mustard, irio treaclemustard, fennel, bishop-weed, of each two drams, the berries ofbay, juniper, and ivy, sarsaparilla, or for want of it the doubleweight of cubebs, cubebs, of each one dram and an half, the leaves ofscordium, germander, chamepitys, centaury the less, stœchas, celticspikenard, calaminth, rue, mints, betony, vervain, scabious, carduusbenedictus, bawm, of each one dram and an half, dittany of cretethree drams, marjoram, st john wort, schœnanth, horehound, goatsrue, savin, burnet, of each two drams, figs, walnuts, fistic-nuts, ofeach three ounces, emblicks, myrobalans half an ounce, the flowersof violets, borrage, bugloss, roses, lavender, sage, rosemary, ofeach four scruples, saffron three drams, cassia lignea ten drams, cloves, nutmegs, mace, of each two drams and an half, black pepper, long pepper, all the three sorts of sanders, wood of aloes, of eachone dram and an half, hart-horn half an ounce, unicorn-horn, orin its stead, bezoar stone, one dram, bone in a stag heart, ivory, stag pizzle, castoreum, of each four scruples, earth of lemnos threedrams, opium one dram and an half, orient pearls, emeralds, jacinth, red coral, of each one dram and an half, camphire two drams, gumarabic, mastich, frankincense, styrax, turpentine, sagapenum, opopanax, laserpitium, or myrrh, of each two drams and an half, musk, ambergris, of each one dram, oil of vitriol half an ounce, species cordialestemperatæ, diamargariton, diamoscu, diambra, electuarij de gemmis, troches of camphire, of squills, of each two drams and an half, trochesof vipers two ounces, the juice of sorrel, sow thistles, scordium, vipers bugloss, borrage, bawm, of each half a pound, hypocistis twodrams, of the best treacle and mithridate, of each six ounces, old winethree pounds, of the best sugar, or choice honey eight pounds sixounces these being all chosen and prepared with diligence and art, letthem be made into an electuary just as treacle or mithridate is culpeper the title shews you the scope of the author in compilingit, i believe it is excellent for those uses the dose of this is froma scruple to four scruples, or a dram and an half. It provokes sweatingabundantly, and in this or any other sweating medicine, order your bodythus. Take it in bed, and cover yourself warm, in your sweating, drinkposset-drink as hot as you can, if it be for a fever, boil sorrel andred sage in posset-drink, sweat an hour or two if your strength willbear it, then the chamber being kept very warm, shift yourself all butyour head, about which your cap which you sweat in being kept on wrapa hot napkin, which will be a means to repel the vapours back this ihold the best method for sweating in fevers and pestilences, in whichthis electuary is very good i am very loth to leave out this medicine, which if it were stretched out, and cut in thongs, would reach roundthe world requies nicholaus college take of red rose leaves, the whites being cut off, blueviolets, of each three drams, opium of thebes, dissolved in wine, the seeds of white henbane, poppies white and black, the roots ofmandrakes, the seeds of endive, purslain, garden lettuce, psyllium, spodium, gum tragacanth, of each two scruples and five grains, nutmegs, cinnamon, ginger, of each a dram and an half, sanders, yellow, white, and red, of each a dram and an half, sugar three times their weight, dissolved in rose-water. Mix them together, and make of them anelectuary according to art culpeper i like not the receipt taken inwardly electuarium reginæ coloniens college take of the seeds of saxifrage and gromwell, juice ofliquorice, of each half an ounce, the seeds of caraway, annis, smallage, fennel, parsley of macedonia, broom, carrots, bruscus, asparagus, lovage, cummin, juniper, rue, siler mountain, the seeds ofacorus, pennyroyal, cinquefoyl, bayberries, of each two drams, indianspikenard, schœnanth, amber, valerian, hog fennel, lapis lincis, ofeach a dram and an half, galanga, ginger, turbith, of each two drams, sena an ounce, goat blood prepared half an ounce, mix them together:first beat them into powder, then make them into an electuary accordingto art, with three times their weight in sugar dissolved in white wine culpeper it is an excellent remedy for the stone and wind cholic, adram of it taken every morning. I assure such as are troubled with suchdiseases, i commend it to them as a jewel pills culpeper pills in greek are called, katopotia, in latin, pilulæ.

  • research help
  • write my essay wikipedia
  • operations management assignment help
  • business essay
  • me as a writer essay
  • responsibility essay
  • help writing a descriptive essay
  • order coursework
  • how to bullshit an essay
  • exemplification essay topics
  • creative title for essay
  • fast essay writing service
  • finance homework help online
  • essay thinker
  • reaction essay example
  • content writing service
  • ut austin essay word limit
  • global warming argumentative essay
  • write my paper is reliable
  • college essay online help
  • need help for doing my assignment

When theseason of the year is, take the cucumbers and bruise them well, anddistil the water from them, and let such as are troubled with ulcers inthe bladder drink no other drink the face being washed with the samewater, cures the reddest face that is how to essay. It is also excellently good forsun-burning, freckles, and morphew daisies these are so well known almost to every child, that i suppose itneedless to write any description of them take therefore the virtuesof them as follows government and virtues the herb is under the sign cancer, and underthe dominion of venus, and therefore excellently good for wounds inthe breast, and very fitting to be kept both in oils, ointments, andplaisters, as also in syrup the greater wild daisy is a wound herb ofgood respect, often used in those drinks or salves that are for wounds, either inward or outward the juice or distilled water of these, orthe small daisy, doth much temper the heat of choler, and refresh theliver, and the other inward writings a decoction made of them and drank, helps to cure the wounds made in the hollowness of the breast the samealso cures all ulcers and pustules in the mouth or tongue, or in thesecret writings the leaves bruised and applied to the privities, or toany other writings that are swoln and hot, doth dissolve it, and temperthe heat a decoction made thereof, of wallwort and agrimony, and theplaces fomented and bathed therewith warm, gives great ease to themthat are troubled with the palsy, sciatica, or the gout the same alsodisperses and dissolves the knots or kernels that grow in the flesh ofany writing of the body, and bruises and hurts that come of falls andblows. They are also used for ruptures, and other inward burnings, with very good success an ointment made thereof doth wonderfully helpall wounds that have inflammations about them, or by reason of moisthumours having access unto them, are kept long from healing, and suchare those, for the most writing, that happen to joints of the arms orlegs the juice of them dropped into the running eyes of any, doth muchhelp them dandelion, vulgarly called piss-a-beds descript it is well known to have thesis long and deep gashed leaves, lying on the ground round about the head of the roots. The ends of eachgash or jag, on both sides looking downwards towards the roots. Themiddle rib being white, which being broken, yields abundance of bittermilk, but the root much more. From among the leaves, which always abidegreen, arise thesis slender, weak, naked foot-stalks, every one of thembearing at the top one large yellow flower, consisting of thesis rowsof yellow leaves, broad at the points, and nicked in with deep spotsof yellow in the middle, which growing ripe, the green husk whereinthe flowers stood turns itself down to the stalk, and the head of downbecomes as round as a ball. With long seed underneath, bearing a writingof the down on the head of every one, which together is blown awaywith the wind, or may be at once blown away with one mouth the rootgrowing downwards exceedingly deep, which being broken off within theground, will yet shoot forth again, and will hardly be destroyed whereit hath once taken deep root in the ground place it grows frequently in all meadows and pasture-grounds time it flowers in one place or other almost all the year long government and virtues it is under the dominion of jupiter itis of an opening and cleansing quality, and therefore very effectualfor the obstructions of the liver, gall and spleen, and the diseasesthat arise from them, as the jaundice and hypocondriac. It opens thepassages of the urine both in young and old. Powerfully cleansesimposthumes and inward ulcers in the urinary passage, and by its dryingand temperate quality doth afterwards heal them. For which purpose thedecoction of the roots or leaves in white wine, or the leaves choppedas pot-herbs, with a few alisanders, and boiled in their broth, arevery effectual and whoever is drawing towards a consumption or anevil disposition of the whole body, called cachexia, by the use hereoffor essay time together, shall find a wonderful help it helps also toprocure rest and sleep to bodies distempered by the heat of ague fits, or otherwise.