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Bloody froth issuing from mouth and nostrilsthe examination was in september, thirty hours after death skin ofneck reddened in nearly a continuous line all around, both above andbelow the band, about three-fourths inch wide, evidently caused by thepressure of the three folds considerable ecchymosis above and belowthe coils. The neck underneath the folds was swollen and red brain andmembranes much congested trachea, pharynx, and œsophagus congested lungs congested right cavity auricle?. of heart full, left empty liver, spleen, and kidneys congested intestinal peritoneum congested stomach contained half-digested food small intestines empty. Fæces inlarge intestine bladder empty uterus and appendages congested. Noevidence of catamenia 34 harris.

Notice sur l’emploi etles proprietés du lacto-phosphate de chaux, clichy, 1868, unbound, 8pages dusart and blache. Recherches sur l’assimilation du phosphate dechaux, paris, 1868, unbound, 15 pages editorial note -- the investigation verifies facts that must be obviousto every physician who has given the matter thought “wheeler tissuephosphates” is an unscientific, shotgun mixture whose most active andpowerful drug is the alcohol it contains that it was not years agorelegated to the realms of obsolete and discarded preparations is acommentary alike on the lack of scientific discrimination and thepersuasive power of advertising while in the past “wheeler tissuephosphates” has been advertised extensively in medical journals, it seems that now the chief, if not the only beneficiary of theadvertising appropriation for this product is the new york medicaljournal, which weekly heralds the “delicious” and “sustaining”qualities of “the ideal tonic for fastidious convalescents ”-- fromthe journal a m a , may 5, 1917 the claimed galactagogue effects of nutrolactis and goat rue not substantiated report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryspecific lactagogues-- drugs which stimulate the secretion ofmilk-- are unknown to science yet medical publications give spaceto advertisements of a proprietary-- “nutrolactis”-- which is said toincrease the milk supply of nursing mothers since dependence ona preparation of this kind is likely to cause neglect of the onlymeans of increasing a scanty milk supply of nursing mothers-- care ofthe general health and a sufficient quantity of proper food-- thisproprietary and the drug “goat rue, ” galega officinalis which theproprietors hint as being the potent constituent, were subjected to acritical study to determine their possible influence on milk secretion for this purpose the council secured the help of a j carlson, ph d , professor of physiology, university of chicago dr carlson, withthe aid of a woelfel, m d , and marian lewis, sc m , undertook toestimate the effect of nutrolactis and of goat rue on nursing dogsand goats with the intention of extending the study to nursing mothersif the animal experiments so warranted the contribution, “the allegedgalactagogue action of galega and nutrolactis, ” by marian lewis anda j carlson from the hull physiological laboratory of the universityof chicago, which appears below, shows that nutrolactis and goat rueare without influence on the milk secretion in nursing animals the council endorsed the work of lewis and carlson and held that theclaimed galactagogue effects of nutrolactis and goat rue are notsubstantiated w a puckner, secretary the alleged galactagogue action of galega and nutrolactisd marian lewis, sc m , and a j carlson, ph d chicagod from the hull physiological laboratory of the university of chicago d this investigation was begun in 1915 by drs a woelfel and a j carlson it is well established that the food best adapted to the energy andgrowth requirements of the infant is normal mother milk any decreasein quantity or deterioration in quality of the maternal secretion issoon followed by a parallel impairment of growth, loss of weight, or lowered resistance to infection in the infant the widespreadoccurrence of deficient milk secretion is a matter of common knowledge the discovery of true lactagogues, or specific substances whichincrease the quantity and quality of the milk on being administered tonursing mothers, would therefore be of very great importance in viewof this great medical and economic interest in true lactagogues it isnot surprising to find that the medical and biologic literature recordsdiscoveries of lactagogues based on hope rather than demonstration, andthat spurious lactagogues are on the market essay of the factors known to affect milk secretion are general health, food supply, psychic state, and heredity the mechanism of secretionand the method by which these factors affect it are imperfectlyunderstood in general it has been observed that milk yield improvesboth in quantity and in quality with improvement in general health, better food supply, and more favorable psychic state the influence ofheredity is taken advantage of by dairymen who are well acquainted withthe potential milk production of the different breeds of cattle among the substances which have been reported to stimulate milksecretion may be mentioned the extract of the posterior lobe of thehypophysis but pituitary extract is not a true lactagogue, becauseits action is confined to the smooth musculature of the gland ducts, causing a more or less complete ejection of the milk already formed;it has no effect on the gland cells or the actual secretory process inthe direction of increasing the milk yield extracts of thymus, corpusluteum, ovaries, uterus, placenta, fetus, and the mammary gland itselfhave also been reported to have a temporary stimulating effect on thequantity of milk secreted, but when these extracts are given by mouththey are apparently without specific influence on the mammary gland galega, or goat rue galega officinalis, is an herb described inthe national formulary as being slightly bitter and astringent in1873, gillet-damotti, 112 in a communication to the french academy, stated that this plant when fed to cows increases the secretion ofmilk from 35 to 50 per cent other french writers have affirmed thatgoat rue is a lactagogue in gerthesis, fragner113 made a preparationcalled galegal, using galega as the active principle and combining itwith lactose to give it a pleasant taste and make it soluble in water, milk, coffee, and tea this preparation was reported on favorablyby scherer, 114 who asserts that he obtained positive results infifty-four of the eighty paper in which he used it 112 gillet-damotti. Comp rend acad d sc , july 7, 1873 113 fragner. Wien med wchnschr 60:1033-1036, 1910 114 scherer. Wien med wchnschr 60:1033-1036, 1910 more recently huët115 tested the effects of theinhardt hygiamalactogene on four lactating women this preparation is said to becomposed of hygiama, 116 galega and anise analysis showed that itcontains albumins, fat, soluble and insoluble carbohydrates, saltsand water huët could not observe any influence from the use of thispreparation, either on the quantity or on the composition of the milksecreted 115 huët. Nederlandsch tijdschr v geneesk 1:1353-1370, 1914 116 hygiama is said to be a food consisting of condensed milk, with fatless cocoa and cereals added to it encyclopedia and dictionary ofmedicine and surgery, 1907 nutrolactis117 is a commercial preparation sold by the nutrolactiscompany of new york at $1 a bottle the label states that it contains5 per cent of alcohol. That it contains fluid extracts of the familyof “galactagogic plants, ” and that it is intended to “increase thesupply of mother milk ” it is recommended to maintain “quality andquantity until the end of normal lactation ” nutrolactis is alsorecommended for a mother debilitated by lactation it is claimed that“nutrolactis does not force the secretion of milk but merely assistssuch secretion ” years ago millbank118 reported good results from theuse of nutrolactis after more than a year use he concluded that itwas more satisfactory than any other lactagogue hitherto employed byhim, which is not saying very much, as specific lactagogues are as yetunknown nutrolactis is still 1916 extensively advertised in variousmedical journals as a lactagogue 117 the north dakota agricultural experiment station has recentlypublished bulletin 22, 1915, p 386 a complete chemical analysisof nutrolactis it contains only 0 60 per cent solids includingstrychnin and emodin it has a bitter taste the alcohol content was3 5 per cent the report concludes. “a little strychnin, a littlealcohol, and a little laxative is about all there is to cause anincrease in the milk secretion ”118 millbank. New york m j 50:544, 1889 methods of investigationthe alleged lactagogue action of galega and nutrolactis was testedon lactating dogs and goats in these animals the psychic factors, or suggestion, are largely eliminated if the results had beenpositive or had indicated lactagogue action, the test would have beenextended to nursing women the puppies and kids were weighed beforeand after nursing and a record kept of the amount of milk obtained ateach nursing the animals nursing from three to five times daily the mothers were fed with varying doses of the drugs, and the milkyield compared with that of a control period during which no drugswere administered an effort was made to keep the conditions of theexperiments uniform throughout the galega was ground and mixed with the food the nutrolactis wasmixed with food given by the stomach tube, or in essay paper with aspoon galega was tested on two goats and nutrolactis on one goat andnine dogs the results are given herewith:galega goat 1. Control period, 1, 600 gm , milk av daily yield for 7 days galega period 30 gm galega mixed with oats, 860 gm , milk av daily yield for 8 days kids weaned at end of period goat 2. Control period, 1, 161 gm milk av daily yield for 9 days galega period 30 gm galega mixed with oats, 860 gm milk av daily yield for 8 days 25 gm galega in same way, 810 gm milk av daily yield for 10 days control period, 896 gm milk av daily yield for 6 days nutrolactis goat 3. Control period, 896 gm milk av daily yield for 6 days nutrolactis period 30 c c nutrolactis mixed with oats, 658 gm milk av daily yield for 9 days control period, 666 gm milk av daily yield for 5 days dog 1. Control period, 176 gm milk av daily yield for 7 days nutrolactis period 8 c c nutrolactis by stomach tube, 55 gm milk av daily yield for 12 days dog 2. Control period, 189 gm milk av daily yield for 6 days nutrolactis period 8 c c nutrolactis by stomach tube, 72 gm milk av daily yield for 11 days dog 3. Control period, 93 gm milk av daily yield for 8 days nutrolactis period 8 c c nutrolactis on bread, 17 gm milk av daily yield for 5 days dog 4. Control period, 28 gm milk av daily yield for 7 days nutrolactis period 8 c c nutrolactis by stomach tube, 47 gm milk av daily yield for 6 days 10 c c nutrolactis by stomach tube, 43 gm milk av daily yield for 8 days control period, 41 5 gm milk av daily yield for 6 days nutrolactis period 10 c c nutrolactis by stomach tube, 33 5 gm milk av daily yield for 4 days dog 5.

And, lastof all, the leaves the roots of the male peony, fresh gathered, having been found by experience to cure the falling sickness. But thesurest way is, besides hanging it about the neck, by which childrenhave been cured, to take the root of the male peony washed clean, andstamped essaywhat small, and laid to infuse in sack for 24 hours at theleast, afterwards strain it, and take it first and last, morning andevening, a good draught for sundry days together, before and after afull moon. And this will also cure old persons, if the disease be notgrown too old, and past cure, especially if there be a due and orderlypreparation of the body with posset-drink made of betony, &c theroot is also effectual for women that are not sufficiently cleansedafter child-birth, and such as are troubled with the mother. Forwhich likewise the black seed beaten to powder, and given in wine, is also available the black seed also taken before bed-time, and inthe morning, is very effectual for such as in their sleep are troubledwith the disease called ephialtes, or incubus, but we do commonly callit the night-mare. A disease which melancholy persons are subjectunto. It is also good against melancholy dreams the distilled wateror syrup made of the flowers, works the same effects that the rootand seed do, although more weakly the female is often used for thepurpose aforesaid, by reason the male is so scarce a plant, that it ispossessed by few, and those great lovers of rarities in this kind pepperwort, or dittander descript our common pepperwort sends forth essaywhat long and broadleaves, of a light blueish green colour, finely dented about the edges, and pointed at the ends, standing upon round hard stalks, three orfour feet high, spreading thesis branches on all sides, and having thesissmall white flowers at the tops of them, after which follow small seedsin small heads the root is slender, running much under ground, andshooting up again in thesis places, and both leaves and roots are veryhot and sharp of taste, like pepper, for which cause it took the name place it grows naturally in thesis places of this land, as at clarein essex. Also near unto exeter in devonshire. Upon rochester commonin kent. In lancashire, and divers other places. But usually kept ingardens time it flowers in the end of june, and in july government and virtues here is another martial herb for you, makemuch of it pliny and paulus ægineta say, that pepperwort is verysuccessful for the sciatica, or any other gout or pain in the joints, or any other inveterate grief. The leaves hereof to be bruised, andmixed with old hog grease, and applied to the place, and to continuethereon four hours in men, and two hours in women, the place beingafterwards bathed with wine and oil mixed together, and then wrapped upwith wool or skins, after they have sweat a little it also amends thedeformities or discolourings of the skin, and helps to take away marks, scars, and scabs, or the foul marks of burning with fire or iron thejuice hereof is by essay used to be given in ale to drink, to women withchild, to procure them a speedy delivery in travail periwinkle descript the common sort hereof hath thesis branches trailing orrunning upon the ground, shooting out small fibres at the joints as itruns, taking thereby hold in the ground, and rooteth in divers places at the joints of these branches stand two small, dark-green, shiningleaves, essaywhat like bay leaves, but smaller, and with them come forthalso the flowers one at a joint standing upon a tender foot-stalk, being essaywhat long and hollow, writinged at the brims, essaytimes intofour, essaytimes into five leaves.

“goat lymph has revolutionized medicine, and has been adopted by the scientific medical world as the only therapeutical agent that will absolutely bring about positive results in chronic conditions, such as neurasthenia, nervous collapse, paralysis, locomotor ataxia, brain fag, oncoming insanity, chronic stomach disorders, in fact such diseases needing cell stimulation ”it mentioned further that dr albert lowenthal “introduced goat lymphto the medical world as a curative agent ”a few years ago a chicago concern, known as the “american animaltherapy co , ” put out such products as “lymphoid compound lowenthal, ”“ova mammoid lowenthal, ” “prostoid lowenthal, ” etc the americananimal therapy co had for its manager james m rainey rainey alsooperated the “rainey medicine co , ” a mail-order “patent medicine”concern that sold “vitaline, ” a “general debility cure ” the rainey“vitaline” how long is a short essay quackery was exposed in the journal, oct 1, 1910, and thematter appears in “nostrums and quackery ”when the american animal therapy company was operating from 84 adamsst , chicago, it claimed to have a hospital and laboratory at kankakee at the same time letters were being sent out on the stationery of“the lymph hospital, ” signed albert a lowenthal, m d although this“hospital” was at kankakee, ill , the address on the stationery was 84adams st , chicago, and its telephone number was that of the americananimal therapy company according to the stationery, the “medicaldewritingment” of the lymph hospital was “under the personal directionof dr albert a lowenthal, who introduced the lymph compound andlymphoid compound to the scientific medical world as a curative agentin chronic nervous conditions ” a layman received a letter from the“lymph hospital” urging him to take “lymphoid compound ” later hereceived a “follow-up” letter, from which the following extracts aremade capitals used as in the original:illustration. Essay letterheads greatly reduced of concerns in whichdr albert a lowenthal has been interested “do you know that the doctors of this country are using the lymphoid compound exclusively in all paper, where the nervous system is greatly involved, with the most marvelous results isn’t that sufficient proof as to the merit of the remedy?. ” “ nobody can tell you there is essaything just as good, because there is nothing just as good as the lymph-- in fact it is the only thing that can be depended upon ” “ our dr lowenthal gives his personal attention to all paper at the hospital and devotes a portion of his time advising by mail those persons under treatment who are unable to come to the hospital he is a man of world wide reputation in treating nervous diseases-- his advice on paper like yours is worth everything to you ” “think this over and if you do, you will write an order today for the lymphoid compound the home treatment costs $9 50 for thirty three days-- think of that you have our physician advice and care free of charge-- could anybody ofter more to you?. ”in 1908 dr lowenthal appeared as a witness for edward r hibbard, who was being prosecuted by the federal authorities hibbard operateda “men specialist” office in chicago. It had two entrances and adifferent name for each entrance-- the “boston medical institute” andthe “bellevue medical institute ” hibbard was found guilty of fraud inthe operation of this concern and was fined $1, 500 the transcript ofthe testimony in the hibbard case records that dr albert a lowenthal, when on the stand, claimed to “have treated as thesis nerve patients asany nerve specialist in chicago ” he further declared, according to thetranscript, that physicians who make a specialty of nervous diseases“mature in about ten years” and that after that time most of thembecome nervous wrecks or insane this was in 1908 in this connectionit is worth noting that in letters sent out by lowenthal in may, 1919, he claimed. “in the past twenty-five years i have limited my work to neurological and psychological paper ”in 1908 also, dr lowenthal was sending out letters to illinoisphysicians in his capacity as secretary of the “physicians’ league ofillinois ” the “league” issued a “report on candidates for governorand members of legislature, ” giving the names of the various politicalcandidates for office whom “the members of the league can safelysupport ” there were no “membership” fees and a physician who wroteasking “who foots the bills” received no reply in 1915 albert a lowenthal, whose “valuable discoveries in thedomains of organo therapy, neurology and pediatrics, have given him aninternational reputation as a neurologist, alienist and climatologicalexpert of high standing, ” was “medical superintendent” of the “nationalsanitarium information bureau ” this purported to represent the“leading sanitariums and health resorts in the u s ” the “bureau”expected to make its “profit from the 10 per cent honorarium receivedon every referred patient ” the “business manager” of this concern wasone hubert miller, m d the following advertisement appeared in theclassified dewritingment of the st louis post dispatch in 1915:illustrationa layman who wrote in answer to this advertisement received a letterfrom dr lowenthal in which he said that it was his intention to takeabout thirty patients south with him for four months-- cost of trip$500, which includes medical treatment, board, etc dr lowenthalstated further. “i have treated probably more paper of locomotor ataxia and paralysis than any physician in united states and can honestly state that with organo therapy treatment your walk can be improved and pains controlled ”in march, 1919, dr lowenthal paid a visit to spokane, wash , andportland, ore a portland paper heralded his coming and printed apicture of “dr a a lowenthal, world famous alienist ” the paperdescribed dr lowenthal as “the alienist consulted in the harry thawcase” and the one “who treated john alexander dowie of zion cityfame and pope leo xiii ” the fulessay puffery that dr lowenthal gotwhile in spokane drew criticism from one or two members of the localmedical profession, who wrote to the newspapers protesting one ofthe physicians who thus wrote declared that lowenthal “coming wasannounced in a circular sent through the owl drug company which isagent for the sale of products of an organo-therapy company ”apparently, it was after dr lowenthal return from the pacific coastthat he commenced to announce his “post-graduate course of lectures andclinics” to the physicians of chicago, denver, st louis, columbus, etc -- and, incidentally, to bring to the attention of the medical worldthe alleged virtues of the products of the american organo-therapycompany -- from the journal a m a , july 3, 1920 medical society of the united states from “division of fees” to “down with autocracy”the “medical society of the united states” has for its “honorarypresident” one a h ohmann-dumesnil, a m , m d , m e , sc d , ph d , and for its “secretary and treasurer” one emory lanphear, m d , c m , ph d , ll d as originally planned, the “society” seems to have beenbased on the idea of organizing the “fee-splitters ” in may, 1916, the birth of the organization was announced to the medical professionthrough a letter signed emory lanphear, written on the stationery ofthe “medical society of the united states ” even in its embryonicstate the society had a h ohmann-dumesnil, a m , m d , m e , for itspresident, and emory lanphear, m d , ph d , ll d , as its treasurer the letter read in writing. “we-- the majority of the medical profession-- who believe in division of fees i e , that the surgeon should not ‘hog’ the whole of a patient money and leave nothing for the family doctor, are no longer welcome in the a m a we are therefore organizing the medical society of the united states, which will not be conducted for the benefit of a few selfish egotists we would like to have you with us “it costs only $1 00 to join this covers dues for 1916, and includes expense for the beautiful certificate of membership suitable for framing, which you will receive on admission fill enclosed blank and return to me with $1 00 ”but presumably the idea of organizing on a basis of “fee splitting”did not make a hit, so the lure was changed today physicians areapproached with the plea that the “medical society of the unitedstates” will make the medical world free for democracy. It is, we areassured, a “society of protest against the autocracy of the a m a , ”and a “society of medical democracy ”membership costs “only $1 00 including the cost of a beautifulcertificate of membership ” no penalties or punishments are involvedfor belonging to other societies, and.

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Outwardlyin plaisters, it dissolves cold how long is a short essay swellings, and helps the bitings ofvenomous beasts, makes hair grow. Take not above half a dram at a timein powder absinthium, &c wormwood its several sorts, are all hot and dryin the second or third degrees, the common wormwood is thought to behottest, they all help weakness of the stomach, cleanse choler, killworms, open stoppings, help surfeits, clear the sight, resist poison, cleanse the blood, and secure cloaths from moths abugilissa, &c alkanet the leaves are essaything drying and binding, but inferior in virtue to the roots, to which i refer you acetosa sorrel is moderately cold dry and binding, cuts toughhumours, cools the brain, liver and stomach, cools the blood in fevers, and provokes appetite acanthus bears-breech, or branks ursine, is temperate, essaythingmoist see the root adiantum, album, nigrum maiden hair, white and black they aretemperate, yet drying white maiden hair is that we usually callwall-rue. They both open obstructions, cleanse the breast and lungs ofgross slimy humours, provoke urine, help ruptures and shortness of wind adiantum aurcum politrycum golden maiden-hair its temperature andvirtues are the same with the former. Helps the spleen. Burned, and lyemade with the ashes, keeps the hair from falling off the head agrimonia agrimony galen eupatorium it is hot and dry inthe first degree, binding, it amends the infirmities of the liver, helps such as evacuate blood instead of water, helps inward wounds, opens obstructions outwardly applied it helps old sores, ulcers, &c inwardly, it helps the jaundice and the spleen take a dram of this orthat following, inwardly in white wine, or boil the herb in white wine, and drink the decoction galen, pliny, dioscorides, serapio ageretum hot and dry in the second degree, provokes urine and themenses, dries the brain, opens stoppings, helps the green sickness, andprofits such as have a cold, weak liver. Outwardly applied, it takesaway the hardness of the matrix, and fills hollow ulcers with flesh agnus castus, &c chast-tree the leaves are hot and dry in the thirddegree. Expel wind, consume the seed, cause chastity being only borneabout one. It dissolves swellings of the testicles, being applied tothem, head-ache, and lethargy allajula, lujula, &c wood sorrel it is of the temperature of othersorrel, and held to be more cordial. Cools the blood, helps ulcers inthe mouth. Hot defluxions upon the lungs, wounds, ulcers, &c alcea vervain mallow the root helps fluxes and burstness ætius, dioscorides allium garlick hot and dry in the fourth degree, troubleessay to thestomach.