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The bark of the root is less sharp and hot, but more bitter, and hath essay astriction withal whereby it is effectual to break thestone, and good to open obstructions of the liver, spleen, and otherinward writings, which bring the jaundice, dropsy, &c the berries arevery effectual against all poison of venomous creatures, and the stingof wasps and bees. As also against the pestilence, or other infectiousdiseases, and therefore put into sundry treacles for that purpose. Theylikewise procure women courses, and seven of them given to woman insore travail of child-birth, do cause a speedy delivery, and expel theafter-birth, and therefore not to be taken by such as have not gone outtheir time, lest they procure abortion, or cause labour too soon theywonderfully help all cold and rheumatic distillations from the brainto the eyes, lungs or other writings.

The usualway of taking it is to boil it in water with currants, and so eat it i hold it to be a wholeessay and harmless purge outwardly it easethwomen breasts that are swollen and inflamed. As also inflammations ofthe joints, nerves, or sinews ægineta carduus b mariæ our ladies thistles they are far more temperatethan carduus benedictus, open obstructions of the liver, help thejaundice and dropsy, provoke urine, break the stone carduus benedictus blessed thistle, but better known by the latinname. It is hot and dry in the second degree, cleansing and opening, helps swimming and giddiness in the head, deafness, strengthens thememory, helps griping pains in the belly, kills worms, provokes sweat, expels poison, helps inflammation of the liver, is very good inpestilence and venereal. Outwardly applied, it ripens plague-sores, andhelps hot swellings, the bitings of mad dogs and venomous beasts, andfoul filthy ulcers every one that can but make a carduus posset, knowshow to use it camerarius, arnuldus velanovanus chalina see the roots, under the name of white chameleon corallina a kind of sea moss.

Odontoid ligaments homework writing services ruptured. Transverse ligament uninjured brain and membranes much congested. Clear fluid in lateral ventricles lungs collapsed, anæmic. One ounce straw-colored serum measured inpericardium. Dark fluid blood in both ventricles of heart. Liver muchcongested 77 second man, age 16. Pupils widely dilated. Eyeballs protruding marks of cord same as in preceding case no discharge of fæces orsemen no ecchymosis under cord. Dislocation and rupture of ligamentsbetween axis and third vertebra brain did not show well-markedcongestion lungs collapsed and anæmic one and one-quarter ouncesserum measured in pericardium heart normal. Dark blood in bothventricles. Liver normal 78 third man, age 20. Pupils slightly dilated. Eyeballs and tonguenot protruded marks of cord as in preceding no discharge of fæces orsemen slight ecchymosis under cord. Mark in front of neck dislocationof occipital bone from atlas brain and membranes much congested lungscollapsed and anæmic half ounce serum in pericardium heart normal;dark fluid blood in both ventricles. Liver normal 79 cayley. Ibid , p 122 - man, age 35. Executed by hanging scarcely any convulsive movements after drop fell necroscopy two hoursafterward no congestion or protrusion or swelling of the tongue.

Ind m j , september, 1904, p 97 the use in leukorrhea was recommended by hippocrates abraham mon geb sym , 1910 and thesis others report favorable results from yeastin the treatment of gonorrheal vaginitis in various gastro-intestinalinfections, yeast has been lauded by thesis, among others, thiercelin andchevrey it has been given by mouth, but most especially in high rectalenemas end of the project gutenberg ebook of the propaganda for reform inproprietary medicines, vol , by various*** end of this project gutenberg ebook reform-- proprietary medicines, vol 2 ******** this file should be named 47767-0 txt or 47767-0 zip *****this and all associated files of various formats will be found in. 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Po box 750175, fairbanks, ak 99775, but itsvolunteers and employees are scattered throughout numerouslocations its business office is located at 809 north 1500 west, saltlake city, ut 84116, 801 596-1887 email contact links and up todate contact information can be found at the foundation's web site andofficial page at gutenberg org/contactthe project gutenberg ebook of superstition in medicine, by hugo magnusthis ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever you may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the project gutenberg license includedwith this ebook or online at gutenberg orgtitle. Superstition in medicineauthor. Hugo magnustranslator. Julius l salingerrelease date. January 24, 2014 ebook #44744language. Englishcharacter set encoding. Utf-8*** start of this project gutenberg ebook superstition in medicine ***produced by eagkw, chris curnow and the online distributedproofreading team at pgdp net this file wasproduced from images generously made available by theinternet archive superstition in medicine superstition in medicine by prof dr hugo magnus authorized translation from the german, edited by dr julius l salinger late assistant professor of clinical medicine, jefferson medical college. Physician to the philadelphia general hospital, etc illustration funk & wagnalls company new york and london 1908 copyright, 1905, by funk & wagnalls company printed in the united states of america published, april, 1905prefacethe history of medicine is closely interlinked with the developmentof theology the errors of one are for the most writing reflected inthe mistakes of the other no matter how obscure and dark the originof either, whether derived from ignorance and superstition or not, the ultimate achievement alone must be taken into consideration wedo not reject chemistry because it originated in alchemy, we do notdisregard astronomy because its roots are entwined with the teachingsof astrology, and so in theology and medicine we look to the finalissue the statements set forth in this book should not be construedas reflecting the development of theology or medicine at the time, butas the belief of the people existing in these periods philosophy mayhave been pure, but if the mind of man was faulty the responsibilitymust not be laid at the door of science it is the function of thehistorian truthfully to depict the thought and spirit of the time ofwhich he writes this has been attempted in the present work it is nota criticism of a system, but a criticism of man there can be no doubtthat absurd superstitions are still existent for which the twentiethcentury will be severely criticized in time to come thus the words ofour martyred president may well be used as a motto for this book. “withmalice towards none, with charity for all ”the last chapter of this book has been added by the translator, as itseemed necessary for the full discussion of the subject julius l salinger philadelphia, pa contents page i what is medical superstition?. 1 ii theism in its relation to medicine and in its struggle with the physico-mechanical theory of life 7 iii religion the support of medical superstition 23 iv the influence of philosophy upon the form and origin of medical superstition 89 v the relations of natural science to medical superstition 128 vi influence exerted upon the development of superstition by medicine itself 185 vii medical superstition and insanity 191 bibliography 201illustrations page circle of petosiris 141 circle of petosiris 143 the table of democritus 145 the relation of the writings of the human body to the signs of the zodiac 159 venesection in its astronomical connection 175iwhat is medical superstition?. Faith and superstition are twin brothers altho the former leadshumanity to its sublimest ideals and the latter only presents us witha caricature of human knowledge, both are children of the same family both originate in a sense of the inadequacy of human science in regardto natural phenomena the fact that the most important processes oforganic life can not be traced to their ultimate origin, but that theirinvestigation will soon lead to a point of irresistible opposition tofurther analysis, has always called forth a feeling of impotency anddependence in the human mind this consciousness of being dependentupon factors which are entirely beyond human understanding has thusgiven rise to the metaphysical need of reflecting upon these mysteriousfactors, and bringing them within reach of human comprehension humanity, in attempting to satisfy such a metaphysical requirementfrom an ethical standpoint, created faith, which subsequently foundexpression in the various forms of religion it is not within thescope of this essay to consider how far divine revelations havebeen vouchsafed on this subject superstition undoubtedly enteredthe scene when, simultaneously with these, endeavors were made toconsider and to explain physical processes from the standpoint ofsuch metaphysical requirements it is true that this did not, atfirst, lead to a marked contrast between faith and superstition;for a period existed in which faith and superstition i e , themetaphysical consideration of ethical values and the metaphysicalconsideration of the entire phenomena of life were not only equivalent, but even merged into one conception this occurred in an age in whichmankind considered all terrestrial processes, whether they were ofa psychical or of a material nature, as immediately caused by thesteady interference of supernatural powers a period during which thedeity was held responsible for all terrestrial phenomena duringthis period faith became superstition, and superstition, faith aseparation did not take place until essay especially enlightened mindsbegan to evolve the idea that it would be more reasonable to explainnatural phenomena temporal becoming, being, and passing away bynatural rather than by supernatural causes the reaction againstthis better interpretation, the tenacious adherence to the originalassociation of terrestrial manifestations with metaphysical factors, created the superstition of the natural sciences the birth ofsuperstition in the greek world must be placed about the seventhcentury, b c , the period during which thales of miletus came forwardwith his endeavor to explain natural processes in a natural manner this attempt of the milesian is the initiation of a rational scientificconception of natural manifestations, and the ancient theisticconsideration of nature became superstition only in opposition tosuch a view it follows, then, that what holds good with regard tothe interpretation of natural manifestations in general holds good inmedicine especially here, also, superstition came into question onlywhen, besides the original theistic conception of the functions of thebody and besides the metaphysical treatment of the sick, a valuationof the normal as well as of the morbid phenomena of the human organismcame into vogue which took into account terrestrial causes not untilthis stage was reached did theism and theurgy lose their title andbecome superstition.

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An herb, though common, yet letnone despise it, for the decoction homework writing services of it prevails mightily againsttormenting pains and excoriations of the entrails, bloody fluxes, itstops the menses, and spitting of blood, phthisicks, or consumptionsof the lungs, the running of the reins, and the fluor albus, painsin the head, and frenzies. Outwardly it clears the sight, takes awayinflammations, scabs, itch, the shingles, and all spreading sores, and is as wholeessay an herb as can grow about any an house tragus, dioscorides polium, &c polley, or pellamountain. All the sorts are hot inthe second degree, and dry in the third. Helps dropsies, the yellowjaundice, infirmities of the spleen, and provokes urine dioscorides polygonum knotgrass polytricum maidenhair portulaca purslain. Cold and moist in the second or third degree:cools hot stomachs, and it is admirable for one that hath his teeth onedge by eating sour apples, it cools the blood, liver, and is good forhot diseases, or inflammations in any of these places, stops fluxes, and the menses, and helps all inward inflammations whatsoever porrum leeks see the roots primula veris see cowslips, or the flowers, which you will prunella self-heal, carpenter-herb, and sicklewort moderately hotand dry, binding see bugle, the virtues being the same pulegium pennyroyal. Hot and dry in the third degree. Provokesurine, breaks the stone in the reins, strengthens women backs, provokes the menses, easeth their labour in child-bed, brings away theplacenta, stays vomiting, strengthens the brain, breaks wind, and helpsthe vertigo pulmonaria, arborea, et symphytum maculosum lung-wort it helpsinfirmities of the lungs, as hoarsness, coughs, wheezing, shortness ofbreath, &c you may boil it in hyssop-water, or any other water thatstrengthens the lungs pulicaria fleabane. Hot and dry in the third degree, helps thebiting of venomous beasts, wounds and swellings, the yellow jaundice, the falling sickness, and such as cannot make water. Being burnt, the smoak of it kills all the gnats and fleas in the chamber. It isdangerous for pregnant women pyrus sylvestris wild pear-tree i know no virtue in the leaves pyrola winter-green cold and dry, and very binding, stops fluxes, and the menses, and is admirably good in green wounds quercus folia oak leaves. Are much of the nature of the former, staythe fluor albus see the bark ranunculus hath got a sort of english names. Crowfoot, king-kob, gold-cups, gold-knobs, butter-flowers, &c they are of a notable hotquality, unfit to be taken inwardly.