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Strip offlannel rolled up and stuffed in throat 57 macleod. Ibid , 1882, ii , p 1246 - suicidal maniac had tobe fed because he refused food was seen to be blue in the face andbreathing hard his mouth was forced open. Roll of flannel found inthroat macleod refers to another case, a woman in dissecting-room, with similar roll of flannel in throat see tidy, “med jur , ” paper 15 to 17 homicide 58 christison.

analysis of saloformsaloform flexner is advertised homework help geometry by the robinson-pettet company oflouisville, ky in the advertisements for the product it is stated that. “saloform is a definite chemical compound the component writings of which are hexamethylene tetramine, salicylic acid and lithia ” “as a uric acid solvent it is indicated in rheumatism, gout, in phosphaturia, in gravel, and in renal colic ” “as a genito-urinary antiseptic it limits suppuration anywhere along the urinary tract, from the kidneys down to the orifice of urethra ”as, even after diligent search, no description of a compound ofhexamethylenamine hexamethylenetetramine, salicylic acid and lithiawas found in chemical literature, it seemed probable that saloformis merely a mixture of hexamethylenamine and lithium salicylate accordingly the separation of saloform into its component writings bymeans of selected solvents was attempted by triturating the powderwith chloroform, filtering and evaporating the filtrate, a residuewas obtained which gave satisfactory tests for hexamethylenaminebut contained only traces of salicylic acid or lithium salicylate the portion insoluble in chloroform was dissolved in water thesolution gave satisfactory tests for lithium salicylate but not forhexamethylenamine from these tests it is evident that saloformis a simple mixture of hexamethylenamine and lithium salicylate quantitative examination indicated that the two ingredients, hexamethylenamine and lithium salicylate, are present in approximatelyequal amounts referee recommendationthe report of our chemical laboratory shows that saloform is not adefinite compound as claimed, but a simple mixture of hexamethylenaminand lithium salicylate it is therefore in conflict with rule 1 it isalso in conflict with rule 6, for neither hexamethylenamin, lithium, nor salicylate are therapeutically effective “uric acid solvents”. Norwould any of these have any effect on “phosphaturia ”the mixture also conflicts with rule 10. For it is inadvisable toadminister the ingredients in fixed, but unknown proportions it is recommended that saloform be deemed inadmissible to n n r the council adopted the recommendation of the referee and authorizedpublication of this report -- from reports of council on pharmacy andchemistry, 1916, p 71 secretogen report of the council on pharmacy and chemistryabout a year ago the council declared secretogen, 103 a product theactive ingredient of which was stated to be “pancreatic secretin” andadvertised as a remedy for certain conditions of defective digestionand assimilation, to be ineligible for new and nonofficial remedies the reasons for this decision were stated at the time as follows:103 j a m a , may 1, 1915, p 1518 “1 no evidence has been presented that the absence of secretin is acause of gastro-intestinal diseases it is usually present, and if notpresent, as in achylia gastrica, there is evidently essay compensatingarrangement by which the pancreas is stimulated to perform its regularfunctions “2 there is no evidence that secretin in any form is physiologicallyactive when administered by mouth ”since secretogen was not the only so-called secretin preparation onthe market, and since the use of secretin preparations was recommendedby certain writers, notwithstanding the lack of evidence of its value, the council caused an experimental investigation of the question to bemade this was carried out by prof a j carlson of the university ofchicago no secretin was found in the commercial products examined, namely, secretogen tablets, secretogen elixir and duodenin furthermore, carlson results104 confirmed the council previous conclusionas to the inertness of secretin administered by mouth the councilendorsed professor carlson findings 105104 carlson a j.

Detaches well asphalt, 4 drops b pliable and strong 23 “mulene” 51 0 36 0 28 0 a adheres but detaches with difficulty b pliable but not strong 24 “parresine, ” 46 0 29 5 26 0 a adheres well. abbott laboratories, detaches easily b pliable and fairly strong 25 “paraffin 118-121 f , ” 45 8 26 4 23 2 a adheres well. the atlantic refining detaches easily co , philadelphia b pliable and chicago fairly strongtable b 26 “cerelene, ” 50 0 30 5 26 5 a adheres well. holliday lab , * detaches with pittsburgh pulling b not strong at 38 c 27 “stanolind” surgical 47 0 28 8 25 0 a adheres well. wax, † standard detaches easily oil co of ind b fairly strong at 38 c * on being heated, it readily loses eucalyptol, and a small amount of resinous substance forms in the bottom of the beaker if “cerelene” is heated to 145 c and cooled, the resulting product no longer has the properties of the original “cerelene ” † accepted by the council on pharmacy and chemistry for inclusion in new and nonofficial remedies iodine ointment is officialized also in several foreign pharmacopeias, although the iodine strength of the several preparations is notuniform the formula in the british pharmacopeia is exactly like thatin the u s pharmacopeia except that pure lard is directed to be usedinstead of benzoinated lard essay of the foreign pharmacopeias alsospecify that the preparation must be freshly prepared when wanted inthe earlier editions the u s pharmacopeia directed the ointment tobe prepared by using water as the solvent for the potassium iodide inthe u s pharmacopeia viii the formula was changed so as to employglycerin, and that solvent is now official water is still prescribedas the potassium iodide solvent by the pharmacopeias of the netherlandsand of france from the examination of the literature it seems probable that iodineointments which contain petrolatum products only as the ointment basesare apt to be relatively stable, so far as the content of free iodineis concerned on the other hand, ointments the bases of which containfats of the unsaturated fatty acid series, such as oleic acid, do notsatisfactorily preserve the iodine in the free state in the latterclass it seems likely that the iodine enters into combination withthe unsaturated fatty acids accordingly, on theoretical grounds, an ointment base composed of pure stearin if such substance wereavailable but softened by an admixture of liquid petrolatum wouldpreserve the iodine satisfactorily cocoanut oil iodine no 8 oughtto be suitable also if mixed with hard paraffin since the literature was not sufficiently concordant to warrantpositive conclusions concerning the stability of ointments containingfree iodine, it seemed worth while to conduct experiments withpreparations of known origin accordingly, a number of preparationscontaining free iodine were made under varying conditions and each wasassayed for its free iodine content immediately after its manufactureand from time to time later leaf lard of the best quality obtainable was purchased from a butcher this was rendered in an open dish on the steam bath the preparationwas of a fine color, and uniform consistence and had a faint butnot unpleasant odor two specimens of lard were furnished by theresearch dewritingment of armour and company an effort was made toprocure specimens of lard having iodine absorption numbers as farawriting as possible, i e , one with a low and the other with a highiodine value this was done in order to determine whether the keepingqualities of the ointments prepared from the two would be alike one of the specimens a was described as “natural lard. Iodine value, 57 1 leaf lard used exclusively for butterine and benzoinated lard ”the other specimen was described as “prime steam lard good, commercial grade of lard for general use. Iodine value, 69 0 ”the iodine absorption numbers of the three specimens were determined bythe u s p process to be as follows. Laboratory rendered specimen 57 1 armour specimen a 57 65 armour specimen b 67 55each specimen was benzoinated according to the process described inthe u s p ix and 100 gm of iodine ointment were prepared from eachaccording to the u s p process another specimen was made frombenzoinated lard and iodine only194 without the addition of eitherglycerin or potassium iodide this was made to contain 4 per cent ofiodine 194 in order to facilitate the incorporation of the iodine with thefatty base the iodine was first powdered by trituration with alcoholand drying the powder in the air immediately after preparation each of these iodine ointments wasassayed for free iodine, and each was reassayed at intervals later the method for the determination of iodine in the ointment was thatemployed in this laboratory for the determination of iodine in iocamfenointment 195 it is essentially the same as was employed by pullenfor the determination of uncombined iodine in iodine ointment 196 ascarried out in this laboratory for iodine ointment it is as follows:195 rep chem lab , a m a , 1916, 9, 118 196 pharm jour , 1912, 89, 610 from 5 to 8 gm of the ointment were weighed in a small porcelain capsule, the capsule and contents placed in a 16 oz salt mouth bottle together with 20 c c of chloroform, 10 c c of potassium iodide solution and 40 c c of water tenth-normal sodium thiosulphate was slowly added with agitation until the pink color of the chloroform layer had nearly disappeared a little soluble starch was then added and the titration continued until a blue color in the aqueous layer could no longer be obtained by repeated shaking the findings for the several assays are tabulated herewith. U s p u s p u s p ointment ointment ointment ointment from age at from from from lard and time laboratory commercial commercial iodine only of rendered lard lard laboratory assay lard grade i grade ii rendered lard % i % i % i % i freshly made 3 32 3 26 3 30 0 32 after 3 days 3 25 0 23 after 7 days 2 99 3 17 3 15 after 3 weeks 3 01 3 19 3 07 after 7 weeks 3 12* 3 10 3 02 after 3 months 2 98 2 88 2 88 * this slight rise in iodine content followed by a fall could not be accounted for the specimen was believed to have been very thoroughly mixed at the time of manufacture that the fatty constituents of the ointment contained iodine after thepreparation had been made for essay time was demonstrated essay of thematerial was examined as follows. A portion of the ointment which had been made for nearly three months was shaken in a separator with chloroform and a dilute mixture of potassium iodide and sodium thiosulphate solutions after all of the free iodine had been removed the chloroformic solution of the fats was washed several times with a very dilute solution of sodium thiosulphate the chloroformic solution was filtered, evaporated and the residue dried over sulphuric acid 197197 the resultant fatty residue was of a brownish-green color itno longer had either the taste, color or odor of lard it was notedthat the fats, after removal by this method from the freshly preparedointment, were nearly white as the ointment aged the fat becamesuccessively darker in color the separated fat was then tested for iodine by kendall method 198it was found to contain iodine in considerable amounts, butquantitative determinations were not made 198 the method depends upon the conversion of all of the iodinecompounds into iodate by fusion with sodium hydroxide and oxidationwith potassium nitrate the melt is dissolved in water, a little sodiumbisulphite added, the solution cooled and neutralized with phosphoricacid, using methyl orange as indicator an excess of bromine wateris added, and the mixture boiled to expel carbon dioxid and bromine a little sodium salicylate is added, the solution cooled, an excessof potassium iodid added, and the liberated iodine titrated withtenth-normal sodium thiosulphate in the usual way one sixth of theiodine found is obtained from the material assayed, the balance beingfurnished by the potassium iodide added -- jour biochem , 1914, 19, 251 the pharmacopeia of the netherlands directs that iodine ointment shallcontain 3 per cent of potassium iodide and 2 per cent of iodineinstead of equal proportions 4 per cent of each as prescribed bythe u s pharmacopeia likewise the french pharmacopeia directs that10 per cent of potassium iodide and only 2 per cent of iodine shallbe used both of these pharmacopeias use water instead of glycerin asthe solvent loose combinations of iodine and potassium iodide, suchas are represented by the compound having the formula ki₃, have beendescribed the quantity of potassium iodide prescribed by the u s pharmacopeia for the preparation of iodine ointment is not sufficientto form such a compound as ki₃ with all of the iodine directed tobe used since essay of the pharmacopeias use larger proportions ofpotassium iodide more than sufficient to form the compound, ki₃, it seemed worth while to determine whether an ointment containinga greater proportion of potassium iodide than that required by theu s pharmacopeia would be more stable than the official article accordingly a specimen was prepared to contain 4 per cent of iodine, 8per cent of potassium iodide twice the u s p requirement, 12 percent of glycerin and 76 per cent of lard this was assayed for itsfree iodine content immediately after preparation, and found to contain3 68 per cent nine days later it contained 3 70 per cent anotherspecimen of the same iodine strength prepared from grade no 2 ofcommercial lard assayed 3 69 per cent at the initial assay, and sevendays later 3 40 per cent from these experiments it seems likely thatthe free iodine content of the u s pharmacopeia iodine ointment couldbe raised essaywhat by increasing the proportion of potassium iodide the results of these studies confirm the findings of pullen and offried in all essential writingiculars it appears that during the processof manufacture of iodine ointment about 20 per cent of the free iodinegoes into combination with the fatty constituents of the ointment on standing for a month approximately an additional 5 per cent goesinto combination, after which there is practically no loss in freeiodine content in other words iodine ointment which is a month oldis a relatively stable preparation it appears to make no noticeabledifference upon the rate and amount of iodine absorption whetherthe lard from which the ointment is made has a high or a low iodineabsorption value the composition of iodine ointment, which has beenmade sufficiently long to have reached equilibrium, is approximately asfollows. Free iodine 3 per cent iodine combined with fat 1 per cent potassium iodide 4 per cent benzoinated lard containing iodine 80 per cent the u s pharmacopeia requirement that iodine ointment shall befreshly prepared when wanted appears to be unnecessary probably mostpharmaceutical manufacturers are aware of this, for thesis of theminclude the preparation in their trade lists the presence of an iodideappears to be necessary, to prevent practically all of the iodine fromentering into combination with the fat 199-- from the americanjournal of pharmacy, august, 1917 199 in order to determine whether the iodine which is in combinationwith fat is absorbed through the skin, a few experiments were carriedout the dark-colored iodine-containing fat obtained from the ointmentand washed free from potassium iodide by the method described abovewas rubbed thoroughly into the skin of the forearm it was allowed toremain for four hours, after which the limb was scoured with soap suds beginning at the time of the application the urine was collected forforty-eight hours this was evaporated to small bulk and the residuetested for iodine by kendall method small amounts of iodine werefound these findings were taken to indicate that the iodine-containingfat is absorbed to essay extent by the skin it is generally believedthat potassium iodide is not absorbed by the unbroken skin thereforeit seems reasonable to suppose that the principal iodine effectsobtainable from iodine ointment are those due to the free iodinecontained in the preparation, supplemented to a slight extent bythe iodine which is contained in the fatty ointment base -- jour biochem , 1914, 19, 251 iodolene and the solubility of iodin in liquid petrolatumthe council on pharmacy and chemistry was asked to examine apreparation submitted with the statement that it was “iodin crystalsincorporated in a petroleum product ” the name “iodolene” was proposedby the promoters, providing the product was found eligible for new andnonofficial remedies iodolene was stated to have been prepared by treating a liquidpetrolatum, obtained from gulf coast petroleum, with an excess ofiodin. The mixture was subsequently “placed in an oven for threehours ” the claim was made that this method of procedure produced apreparation containing more iodin than market specimens which had beenexamined, namely.

It hadbeen homework help geometry placed in its cradle. Coverlet over it and held in place by acord passed across essay time afterward it was found dead beside thecradle, its head hanging with the right side pressing on the cord liégey had the mother replace everything as it had been and satisfiedhimself that the above statement was correct when found, the face waspale, eyes and mouth closed. Transverse furrow on right side of neck, level of larynx, 3 5 cm long, one deep. Muscles in vicinity congested lungs congested right side of heart contained clotted blood. Leftside nearly empty he concluded that the case was one of accidentalstrangulation 51 friedberg. Gericht gutacht , p 240 - new-born child found deadin closet mother stated that she had taken the child by the neckand drew it into the world opinion given that the child had beenaccidentally choked to death by the hand for other paper, see tidy, “med jur , ” paper 15 to 19, 59, and 62;maschka, “handbuch, ” p 623 hanging hanging is a form of mechanical suffocation by ligature of the neck, in which the constricting force is the weight of the body itself thefrench call it “pendaison” or “suspension, ” preferably the former. Thegermans, “erhängen ” the expression “incomplete hanging” is appliedto those paper in which the subject is writingially supported. Kneeling, sitting, or otherwise the same expression has also been used for paperwhich did not prove fatal the pathological effects of hanging are writingly those of strangulation, to which must be added the effects of the weight or fall of the body, sustained as it is only by essay form of ligature around the neck theseadditional injuries will, of course, be proportioned to the weight ofthe body, length of rope, and suddenness of the fall in essay countries, as the united states, england, gerthesis, and austria, hanging is a mode of capital punishment it is desirable that for judicial purposes it should be divested, as far as possible, of unnecessarily cruel features. The victim should quickly be made insensible, and death be speedy thesis suggestions to this end have been made, among which is that of haughton he recommended that the drop be long, say ten feet, so that the cervical vertebræ may be dislocated he also advised that the knot be placed under the chin others advise that it be placed under the left ear. And others yet, as barker, of melbourne, 798 near the spine in any event the rope should be “freely elastic ” g m hammond799 thinks that the object in judicial hanging should be strangulation, and that the criminal should be pulled up and left to hang thirty minutes. The rope should be soft and flexible so as to closely fit the neck. A weight should be attached to the feet of persons under 150 pounds larimore800 also advocates strangulation instead of attempting dislocation of the vertebræ porter801 suggests that for dislocation the noose be drawn tightly around the neck at the last moment, the knot being either at one side or, still better, in front dislocation may be still further assured if a hollow wooden or leaden ball be placed over the knot close to the neck, thus forming a fulcrum to throw the spinal column out of the perpendicular line at the point of pressure hanging is a common mode of suicide, especially in insane asylums andprisons it is essaytimes accidental, and rarely homicidal it is saidto have been attempted for erotic purposes the compression of the neck acts in line with the axis of the body;while in strangulation it acts perpendicularly to that axis the final cause of death will depend on. 1 the suddenness andcompleteness of interference with the access of air. Asphyxia 2 pressure on the large veins of the neck, preventing the return of bloodfrom the head, causing congestion of brain and coma 3 pressure on thelarge arteries of the neck, preventing access of blood to the brain;causing anæmia of the brain and syncope 4 injury to spinal cord orpneumogastric nerves or all of them. Causing paralysis a combinationof numbers 1 and 2 is usually found in suicidal hanging.

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Put it into a gallipot, and put half a quarter ofa pint of any distilled water fitting for the purpose you would makeyour troches for to cover it, and the next morning you shall find it insuch a jelly as the physicians call mucilage. With this you may witha little pains taken make a powder into a paste, and that paste intocakes called troches 5 having made them, dry them in the shade, and keep them in a pot foryour use chapter xiv of pills 1 they are called pilulæ, because they resemble little balls. Thegreeks call them catapotia 2 it is the opinion of modern physicians, that this way of makingmedicines, was invented only to deceive the palate, that so byswallowing them down whole, the bitterness of the medicine might not beperceived, or at least it might not be unsufferable. And indeed most oftheir pills, though not all, are very bitter 3 i am of a clean contrary opinion to this i rather think theywere done up in this hard form, that so they might be the longer indigesting. And my opinion is grounded upon reason too, not upon fancy, or hearsay the first invention of pills was to purge the head, now, asi told you before, such infirmities as lie near the passages were bestremoved by decoctions, because they pass to the grieved writing soonest;so here, if the infirmity lies in the head, or any other remote writing, the best way is to use pills, because they are longer in digestion, and therefore the better able to call the offending humour to them 4 if i should tell you here a long tale of medicine working bysympathy and antipathy, you would not understand a word of it. Theythat are set to make physicians may find it in the treatise all modernphysicians know not what belongs to a sympathetical cure, no more thana cuckow what belongs to flats and sharps in music, but follow thevulgar road, and call it a hidden quality, because ’tis hidden from theeyes of dunces, and indeed none but astrologers can give a reason forit. And physic without reason is like a pudding without fat 5 the way to make pills is very easy, for with the help of a pestleand mortar, and a little diligence, you may make any powder into pills, either with syrup, or the jelly i told you before chapter xv the way of mixing medicines according to the cause of the disease, and writings of the body afflicted this being indeed the key of the work, i shall be essaywhat the morediligent in it i shall deliver myself thus;1 to the vulgar 2 to such as study astrology. Or such as study physic astrologically 1st, to the vulgar kind souls, i am sorry it hath been your hardmishap to have been so long trained in such egyptian darkness which toyour sorrow may be felt. The vulgar road of physic is not my practice, and i am therefore the more unfit to give you advice i have nowpublished a little book, galen art of physic, which will fullyinstruct you, not only in the knowledge of your own bodies, but alsoin fit medicines to remedy each writing of it when afflicted.