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Forty seconds after the drop his jungeas felloff. His penis was in strong erection, and the ejaculatory movementswere seen necroscopy one and one-quarter hours after drop fell headand limbs cold. Eyes open, natural. Tongue not protruding. Fingersclinched. Superficial veins contained fluid black blood mark of cordextended from just below left mastoid process, where the knot wasapplied, across the thyro-hyoid membranes to a place on right sideabout two inches below ear there was scarcely a trace of it behind skin dark and ecchymosed, but no ecchymosis of subcutaneous connectivetissues no discoloration nor fracture in neck subarachnoidal fluidin excess. Puncta vasculosa unusually numerous under surface ofepiglottis reddened and showed two small dark red ecchymoses.

To the editor:-- i am enclosing circular letter that i received this morning which seems to me almost a crime i do not suppose that there is any way to prevent anything of this sort, but it is certainly a shame to attempt to deceive people in this way as i recollect, glyco-thymoline is almost inert, practically no more efficient than dobell solution e fletcher ingals, m d , chicago the circular letter referred to was on the stationery of kress & owencompany, manufacturers of glyco-thymoline it read. Dear doctor:-- regarding infantile paralysis, it is conceded that the source of infection is through the nose, mouth and throat taking this measure to be correct, we believe that there is no safer prophylactic measure than the use of glyco-thymoline, with three writings of water, as a mouth, tooth and nasal wash, by means of the k & o nasal douche and the toothbrush glyco-thymoline tends to promote exosmosis, and prevents the absorption of the germ or toxic matter we would be glad to send you samples of both glyco-thymoline and the douche should you so desire with best wishes, we beg to remain, yours very truly, kress & owen company glyco-thymoline has been discussed in these pages a report of thecouncil on pharmacy and chemistry pointed out that this “patentmedicine” is simply a weak antiseptic, so feeble that even in fullstrength it does not kill staphylococcus aureus in four hoursand is of little, if any, greater therapeutic value than sterilesalt solution yet, glyco-thymoline has been recommended by itsmanufacturers, either directly or inferentially, for such diseasesas diphtheria, ophthalmia neonatorum and consumption today itsmanufacturers put it forward as one of the safest prophylacticmeasures against infantile paralysis and have the effrontery to makethis suggestion, not to the uninstructed public but to the medicalprofession presumably, as a business organization, the concernbelieves it will convince a sufficient number of physicians of thetherapeutic efficacy of its product to pay for the cost of thisadvertising campaign if it appraises the situation correctly thereneed no longer be any wonder expressed that in the recent suit againstthe journal, “patent medicine” makers were able to enlist the help ofmedical men -- from the journal a m a , sept 16, 1916 glykeron. Cold storage testimonialskk glyco-herointhe law which limits the length of time that food products may be keptin cold storage could with advantage have its scope extended to include“patent medicine” testimonials physicians recently received throughthe mails-- at a time when the mails were frightfully congested withchristmas business-- a sixteen page pamphlet sent out in a plain envelopas first class matter the caption of the pamphlet reads. “cough andits treatment in pulmonary and laryngeal tuberculosis. By henry levien, m d , while medical director and physician-in-charge of the libertysanitarium, liberty, n y from the buffalo medical journal ” thepamphlet is devoted to the alleged virtues of that dangerous and widelyadvertised nostrum, “glyco-heroin smith, ” whose more recent andless descriptive name is now “glykeron ” physicians might assume, anddoubtless will assume, from the pamphlet that this reprint represents arecent pronouncement on the subject with which it deals the facts arethat the “liberty sanitarium” has, apparently, been out of existencefor at least fifteen years, while the article itself originallyappeared more than eighteen years ago-- september, 1901 one of thesisphysicians who sent in the copies received called attention to the factthat he had left the address to which the pamphlet was directed, morethan six years ago even at that, the mailing lists of the concern thatsells this heroin-containing nostrum are more than twelve years aheadof its “clinical reports ”-- editorial from the journal a m a , jan 17, 1920 gray glycerine tonic. “whose bread i eat his song i sing”last september the united states dewritingment of agriculture issueda press bulletin describing the work of the bureau of chemistry inprosecuting the venders or manufacturers of fraudulently exploited“patent medicines ” at the end of the bulletin was a tabulated list of“other preparations against which the government charge that theywere falsely or fraudulently labeled was sustained by the federalcourts ” tucked away in the list was a product often euphemisticallydescribed as an “ethical proprietary” but none the less essentiallya “patent medicine”-- “gray glycerine tonic ” the editor of theatlanta journal of medicine, apparently not having read the bulletinwith any great degree of care, published it verbatim thus it wasthat the atlanta journal-record of medicine for september, 1915, presented the interesting sight of a half-page advertisement of “grayglycerine tonic” in the same issue that contained the governmentarticle classifying “gray glycerine tonic” among the false andfraudulent products!. what happened?. in the very next issue the atlantajournal-record of medicine apologized thus editorially. “in our september issue, gray glycerine tonic comp was inadvertently included in a list that seemed to be under the ban of the government and very likely an injustice has been done the purdue frederick company which we desire to undo as far as possible ”did the editor mean by “inadvertently included, ” that he would haveomitted “gray glycerine tonic” from the government list had henoticed it in time?. if so, on what grounds?. it is a fact that “grayglycerine tonic” was one of the “fifty falsely labeled medicines”. Itis also a fact that it is one of the products that government officialsand the federal courts have declared to be sold under claims that are“false, fraudulent and misleading ” if “gray glycerine tonic” wasfraudulently exploited-- and the government and the courts have sodeclared it-- why is it necessary for the editor of a medical journal toapologize to his subscribers for having told them so?. -- editorial fromthe journal a m a , jan 1, 1916 hagee cordial of cod liver oil“under the deceptive heading ‘making cod liver oil palatable, ’ thecharlotte medical journal in its december issue prints a boost for‘cord ext ol morrhuae comp hagee, ’ or, as it is generally knownto the drug trade, ‘hagee cordial of cod liver oil ’“the boost intimates that this is a preparation in which cod liver oilhas in essay way been rendered palatable, and then goes on to say thatthis is a cod liver oil product which has not suffered the least lossof those essential elements which make the crude oil such a high-classreconstructive “at first sight one might question whether a cod liver oil productwhich contains absolutely no cod liver oil had not suffered the lossof essential elements but a closer reading discloses a significantqualification, namely, the phrase, ‘those elements which make thecrude oil such a high-class reconstructive ’“the boost is misleading from beginning to end the manufacturers havenot succeeded in this preparation in ‘making cod liver oil palatable, ’nor does their preparation in any way possess the virtues of cod liveroil these claims have again and again been refuted, but they continueto be published-- at a price but rarely in reputable medical journals ”the above is quoted from the weekly bulletin of the dewritingmentof health of the city of new york the bulletin is issued for theenlightenment of the public -- from the journal a m a , jan 8, 1916 hypno-bromic compounda physician in vermont writes. “this is simply a word of inquiry-- and of possible warning to other practitioners-- regarding a preparation known as hypno-bromic compound manufactured by h k wampole & co this compound is dispensed by druggists without prescription and contains in each ounce.

and why help with writing a biology lab report example not leo, seeing that is the most attractive sign ofall. And that the reason such as have it ascending in their genesis, are such greedy eaters if you cannot stay till the moon be in oneof them, let one of them ascend when you administer the medicine the digestive virtue is hot and moist, and is the principal of themall, the other like handmaids attend it the attractive virtue draws that which it should digest, and servescontinually to feed and supply it the retentive virtue, retains the substance with it, till it beperfectly digested the expulsive virtue casteth out, expels what is superfluous bydigestion it is under the influence of jupiter, and fortified by hisherbs and plants, &c in fortifying it, let your moon be in gemini, aquary, or the first half of libra, or if matters be come to thatextremity, that you cannot stay till that time, let one of them ascend, but both of them together would do better, always provided that themoon be not in the ascendent i cannot believe the moon afflictsthe ascendent so much as they talk of, if she be well dignified, and ina sign she delights in the retentive virtue is in quality cold and dry. Cold, because thenature of cold is to compress, witness the ice. Dry, because the natureof dryness, is to keep and hold what is compressed it is under theinfluence of saturn, and that is the reason why usually saturnine menare so covetous and tenacious in fortifying of it, make use of theherbs and plants, &c of saturn, and let the moon be in taurusor virgo, capricorn is not so good, say authors, i can give noreason for that neither. Let not saturn nor his ill aspect molestthe ascendent the expulsive faculty is cold and moist. Cold because that compassesthe superfluities. Moist, because that makes the body slippery andfit for ejection, and disposes it to it it is under the dominion ofluna, with whom you may join venus, because she is of the samenature also in whatsoever is before written, of the nature of the planets, take notice, that fixed stars of the same nature, work the same effect in fortifying this, which ought to be done in all purgations, letthe moon be in cancer, scorpio, or pisces, or let one of thesesigns ascend although i did what i could throughout the whole book to expressmyself in such a language as might be understood by all, and thereforeavoided terms of art as much as might be, yet, 1 essay words ofnecessity fall in which need explanation 2 it would be very tediousat the end of every receipt to repeat over and over again, the way ofadministration of the receipt, or ordering your bodies after it, or toinstruct you in the mixture of medicines, and indeed would do nothingelse but stuff the book full of tautology to answer to both these is my task at this time to the first. The words which need explaining, such as are obvious tomy eye, are these that follow 1 to distil in balneo mariæ, is the usual way of distillingin water it is no more than to place your glass body which holds thematter to be distilled in a convenient vessel of water, when the wateris cold for fear of breaking put a wisp of straw, or the like underit, to keep it from the bottom, then make the water boil, that so thespirit may be distilled forth. Take not the glass out till the water becold again, for fear of breaking.

Australians, 1, 364c c help with writing a biology lab report example. And nubians, 1, 313 c c the cranial capacity in man, like thatof the anthropoid apes, varies according to sex, the difference beingso great that it is necessary to measure separately in the troglodyte skulls of prehistoric times the variation is notmore than 99 5 c c. But in the contemporaneous races the differencevaries from 143 to 220 c c french craniologists usually speak of theauvernats as possessing the highest cerebral capacity 1, 523 c c , andmention the skull of a parisian of 1, 900 c c as the highest known essay eskimo skulls, however, measure from 1, 650 to 1, 715 c c , andtwo eurycephalic indian skulls in the anatomical section of the armymedical museum measure respectively 1, 785 and 1, 920 c c mr havelock ellis, speaking of the psychic characteristics ofcriminals, says that the lower human races present a far largerproportion of anatomical abnormities than the ordinary europeanpopulation. And sir william turner writes of the skulls collectedduring the challenger expedition that although their number iscertainly too limited to base any broad generalization on, as to therelative frequency of occurrence of writingicular variations in thedifferent races, there is obviously a larger proportion of importantvariations than would occur in a corresponding number of skulls ofthe white races thus, for example, the squamo-frontal articulationis found in less than two per cent of european skulls, while it isfound in twenty per cent of negroes, according to ecker, and 16 9 inaustralian skulls, according to virchow again, the spheno-pterygoidforamen is found in 4 8 per cent of european skulls and in 20 per centof american indians. 30 per cent in africans. 32 per cent in asiatics, and 50 per cent in australians the wormian bones are also more commonamong the lower races. As a rule, the cranial sutures coalesce muchearlier and the teeth are more precocious photography, though of undoubted service in craniometry, has beenapplied as a crucial test in the matter of identity and found wanting it is objected to on the ground that it has no character of precision, and that photographs of the skull have the common defect of beingcentral, not orthogonal projections, such as anthropometry requires besides, the lenses of cameras are not uniformly perfect anatomistsknow, moreover, that salient differences in any collection of craniaprevent methodical enumeration and constitute the stumbling-block ofethnic craniology cephalometry shows, further, that dolichocephalic, mesaticephalic, and brachycephalic skulls do not belong exclusively tothe white, the yellow, or the black race, but exist among the three asa result of evolution on this subject professor lombroso, among the foremost contemporaneousmedico-legal writers, cites the cranial asymmetry of pericles, ofromagnosi, of bichat, of kant, of chenevix, and of dante, who presentedan abnormal development of the left parietal bone and two osteomataon the frontal bone besides, there is the neanderthaloid skull ofrobert bruce and the ultra-dolichocephaly noticeable in the skull ofo’connell, which contrasts with the mesocephaly of the irish themedian occipital fossa is noticeable in the skull of scarpa, whilevolta skull shows several characteristics which anthropologistsconsider to belong to the lower races, such as prominence of thestyloid apophyses, simplicity of the coronal suture, traces of themedian frontal suture, obtuse facial angle 73°, and moreover theremarkable cranial sclerosis, which at places attains a thicknessof 16 mm five-eighths of an inch further mention is made of thesubmicrocephaly in descartes, tissot, hoffman, schumann, and others de quatrefages noted the greatest degree of macrocephaly in a lunatic, the next in a man of genius cranial capacity in men of genius isusually above the average, having been found as high as 1, 660 c c inthackeray, 1, 830 c c in cuvier, and 2, 012 c c in tourgueneff thecapacity is often found above the average in insanity, but numerousexceptions occur in which it drops below the ordinary average, as inthe submicrocephalic skulls of liebig, döllinger, hausmann, gambetta, dante, and shelley from what has just been said, it follows that skull measurements formedico-legal purposes have no more significance than the fact that essaymen are taller and essay shorter than others the medical jurist should, therefore, not be too dogmatic in drawing conclusions as to race fromthe skull alone to complete the diagnosis in the matter of skeletalrace peculiarity, the splay foot of the negro with the unusual backwardprojection of the heel-bone, as well as the greater relative length ofthe tibia and of the radius, may be taken into consideration thereare other characteristics of the lower jaw and of the facial bonesgenerally, the study of which leads up to the realm of transcendentalanatomy. So their further consideration would hardly appeal to the“dispassionate, sympathetic, contemplative jury” of our enlightenedcountrymen determination of height or stature when we have the entire skeleton to deal with, the height or staturemay be determined with a reasonable degree of certainty by allowingfrom one to two inches for the soft writings most of the proportionsgiven in works on artistic anatomy approach mathematical exactness forinstance, if both upper and lower extremities are extended after themanner of spokes in a wheel, and a point corresponding to the umbilicusbe taken as a centre, the circumference of a circle described therefromshould touch the bottom of the feet and the tips of the middlefingers when the arms are extended horizontally the line included inthe middle-finger tips equals the height in the generality of men, although in exceptional paper it may vary the negro giant, nelsonpickett, is reported to have been eight feet four inches high, whilehis outstretched arms measured nine feet from tip to tip ordinarilythe upper writing of the symphysis pubis is the centre of the body essayanatomists contend that this important point is really below thesymphysis in the average man the length of the foot about equals thatof the head according to quetelet, its length is just one-ninth of thebody in women, a little more than one-ninth in men the conventionalrepresentation of the human foot with a second longer toe is, accordingto professor flower see “fashion in deformity”, of negro origin anddoes not represent what is most usual in our race and time statisticsof measurements made in england by several observers on hundreds ofbarefooted children fail to show one instance in which the second toeis the longer 575taken singly the bones may enable an approximate estimate of the heightof the person when alive.

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Too short a time has elapsed since the discovery of these drugs, and too little is as yet known about the ultimate problems of the pathology, immunology and parasitology of syphilis, to justify the announcing of new infallibilities the necropsy pathologist of the next fifty years may well, like warthin, upset our most plausible help with writing a biology lab report example generalizations of today seasoned tradition and conservatism are still the wisest guides in our interpretation of clinical cure arsphenamin has made it apparently possible and even probable, but only to the inexperienced has cure been made absolute and inevitable it is recognized that the exact composition of arsphenamin in itsavailable form is not fully determined as has been emphasized again, the quantitative determination of arsenic alone in arsphenamin isinsufficient to estimate its purity. In fact, the interstate sale ofarsphenamin is controlled by toxicity tests on guinea-pigs made bythe hygienic laboratory of the united states public health service consequently, practical medicine must be on its guard to employ aproduct which is carefully controlled by such toxicity tests as wellas by other criteria it will not do to charge untoward results offhandsolely to idiosyncrasy of the patient, faulty administration or othererrors in technic the drug itself still has inherent dangers itshould be borne in mind also that neo-arsphenamin behaves differentlyin the animal organism from arsphenamin, and should not be regardedsimply as arsphenamin in a convenient form for administration it is gratifying to learn from a government expert that after the longstruggle to produce satisfactory products, arsphenamin preparationsmade in the united states are generally less toxic than those offoreign manufacture neo-arsphenamin preparations made in the unitedstates compare favorably, and in certain instances are decidedly lesstoxic than most of the foreign products timely presentations of thefaults and dangers as well as the undisputed advantages of currenttherapy in the management of syphilis should be welcomed -- editorialfrom the journal a m a , oct 9, 1920 pharmacology of arsenicalsthe public health service essay time ago262 warned against the use insyphilis of new arsenicals which are not related to arsphenamin. It wasstated that a number of such were being sold with unwarranted claimsas to their value at least three such arsenicals have in recent yearsbeen the subject of essay exploitation for use in this disease. Sodiumcacodylate, the sodium salt of methyl arsenic acid “arrhenal” andthe sodium salt of ethyl arsenic acid “mon-arsone” 263 as regardsthe first two, castelli showed several years ago that neither has anyaction on experimental trypanosomiasis and spirochete infections;careful clinical observations in this country have confirmed theinefficacy of sodium cacodylate in human syphilis 264 voegtlinand smith265 of the hygienic laboratory have now shown in animalexperiments that ethyl arsenic acid “mon-arsone” is devoid of anypractical trypanocidal action thus the “therapeutic ratio” theratio of the minimal effective dose to the lethal dose was about 1, that is, it was effective therapeutically only in approximately fataldoses, the therapeutic ratio for arsphenamin in similar conditionswas 17, and that of neo-arsphenamin, 28 in fact, the conditionswith ethyl arsenic acid were no more favorable than were those witharsenous acid the active constituent of solution of potassiumarsenite, although it was far less poisonous the validity of suchexperiments in determining the probable value of drugs in humansyphilis cannot be questioned:266 it was by such experiments thatehrlich and his co-workers found two or three of six hundred and sixarsenic preparations studied to be of value, and of the next threehundred or more studied only one neo-arsphenamin worthy of trial inhuman medicine the time has passed when a high arsenic content of acompound and a low toxicity, and a number of paper of apparent clinicalimprovement, can be assumed to indicate that a drug has any real valuein the treatment of syphilis thesis organic compounds of arsenic aswell as other drugs may cause temporary or apparent improvement insyphilis, but to date only those related to arsphenamin have proved ofreal value and comparatively safe others which had essay real valueproved to have dangerous side effects. Readers will recall the historyof arsanilic acid “atoxyl” or “soamin” and its acetyl derivative “arsacetin” -- editorial from the journal a m a , feb 26, 1921 262 warning against untried medicaments, j a m a 74:1654 june12 1920 263 wright, b l. Kennell, l a , and hussey, l m.