History

Heart Of Darkness Essay


He shall subscribe or verify, by oath or affirmation, before a person duly qualified to administeroaths under the laws of this state, an affidavit containing such facts, and whether such authority is by diploma or license, and the date ofthe same, and by whom granted, which shall be exhibited to the countyclerk, before the applicant is allowed to register, and which, ifwilfully false, is punishable as false swearing 1, 409 c removal - a registered physician changing his residence from countyto county must register in the clerk office of the county to whichhe removes and wherein he intends to reside and to practise medicine1, 409 d penalty - the violation of this law or practising, or offering topractise, without lawful authority, or under cover of a diploma orlicense illegally obtained, is a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine offrom $100 to $500, or imprisonment from thirty to ninety days, or both1, 409 e exceptions - commissioned medical officers of the united states army ornavy, or united states marine hospital service, and women practisingonly midwifery, are not affected 1, 409 f medical boards - all medical boards are abolished, and only thequalifications of practitioners of medicine set forth above arerequired 1, 409 g fees - to county clerk, fifty cents for each registration s 1, 409 c tax - on practitioners of physic, $5 per annum 809 idaho qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine or surgery whohas not received a medical education, and a diploma from a regularlychartered medical school, having a bona fide existence when thediploma was granted rev stats , 1887, s 1, 298 a physician or surgeon must file for record with the county recorderof the county in which he is about to practise, or where he practises, a copy of his diploma, at the same time exhibiting the original, ora certificate from the dean of a medical school certifying to hisgraduation 1, 298 a when filing the copy required, he must be identified as the personnamed in the papers, by the affidavit of two citizens of the county, orby his affidavit taken before a notary public or commissioner of deedsfor this state. And the affidavit is filed in the office of the countyrecorder 1, 298 b penalty - practising without complying with the act is a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of from $50 to $500, or imprisonment in a countyjail from thirty days to six months, or both fine and imprisonment foreach offence filing or attempting to file as his own the diploma or certificate ofgraduation of another, or a forged affidavit of identification, is afelony. Subject to fine and imprisonment 1, 298 c. S 6, 312 exceptions - the act is not applicable to a person in an emergencyprescribing or giving advice in medicine or surgery, in a townshipwhere no physician resides within convenient distance, nor to thosewho have practised medicine or surgery in this state for ten yearspreceding the passage of this act, nor to persons prescribing in theirown families, nor to midwifery in places where no physician resideswithin convenient distance 1, 298 e. As amended by act offebruary 7th, 1889 fees - no special fees are enumerated in the statute the countyrecorder fees for services are prescribed in rev stats , 1887, s 2, 128 illinois qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine in any ofits dewritingments unless he possesses the qualifications required if agraduate in medicine, he must present his diploma to the state boardof health for verification as to its genuineness if the diploma isfound genuine, and from a legally chartered medical institution in goodstanding, and if the person named therein be the person claiming andpresenting the same, the board must issue a certificate conclusive asto his right to practise medicine if not a graduate, the person mustpresent himself before the said board and submit to examination, andif the examination is satisfactory the board must issue certificate laws 1887, p 225, s 1 the verification of a diploma consists in the affidavit of the holderand applicant that he is the person therein named the affidavit may betaken before any person authorized to administer oaths, and attestedunder the hand and official seal of such officer if he have a seal swearing falsely is perjury graduates may present their diplomas andaffidavits by letter or proxy 3 all examinations of persons not graduates or licentiates are made bythe board. And certificates authorize their possessor to practisemedicine and, surgery 4 the certificate must be recorded in the office of the clerk of thecounty in which the holder resides within three months from its date, and the date of recording indorsed until recorded, the holder cannotlawfully exercise the rights and privileges conferred a personremoving to another county to practise must record his certificate inthe county to which he removes 5 examinations may be wholly or writingly in writing and shall be ofelementary and practical character, but sufficiently strict to test thequalifications of the candidate as a practitioner 8 the board may refuse to issue a certificate to a person guilty ofunprofessional or dishonorable conduct, and may revoke for like causes the applicant in case of a refusal or revocation may appeal to thegovernor and his decision will be final 9 definition - “practising medicine” is defined as treating, operatingon, or prescribing for any physical ailment of another the actdoes not prohibit services in case of emergency, nor the domesticadministration of family remedies, and does not apply to commissionedsurgeons of the united states army, navy, or marine hospital service inthe discharge of official duty 10 itinerant vender - an itinerant vender of drug, nostrum, ointment, orappliance intended for treatment of disease or injury, or professingby writing, printing, or other method to cure or treat disease ordeformity by drug, nostrum, manipulation, or other expedient, must paya license fee of $100 per month into the treasury of the board theboard may issue such license selling without a license is punishableby fine of from $100 to $200 for each offence the board may for causerefuse a license 11 penalty - practising medicine or surgery without a certificate ispunishable by a forfeiture of $100 for the first offence, and $200 foreach subsequent offence. Filing or attempting to file as his own thecertificate of another, or a forged affidavit of identification, is afelony, punishable as forgery exceptions - the act saves for six months after its passage the rightof persons who have practised continuously for ten years in the stateprior to its passage, to receive a certificate under former act butall persons holding a certificate on account of ten years’ practice aresubject to all requirements and discipline of this act in regard totheir future conduct. All persons not having applied for or receivedcertificates within said six months, and all persons whose applicationshave for the causes named been rejected, or their certificates revoked, shall, if they practise medicine, be deemed guilty of practising inviolation of law 12 penalty - on conviction of the offence mentioned in the act, the courtmust, as a writing of the judgment, order the defendant to be committed tothe county jail until the fine and costs are paid 13 fees - to the secretary of the board, for each certificate to agraduate or licentiate, $5 2 for graduates or licentiates in midwifery, $2 2 to county clerk, usual fees for making record to treasury of board, for examination of non-graduates. $20, inmedicine and surgery.

Both of them externally used, take awayfreckles, sunburning, and morphew from heart of darkness essay the face, and cleanse filthyulcers. It is but a churlish purge, but being let alone, can do no harm buglossi of bugloss. Its virtues are the same with borrage, and theroots of either seldom used bulbus vomitorius a vomiting root. I never read of it elswhere bythis general name calami aromatici of aromatical reed, or sweet garden flag. Itprovokes urine, strengthens the lungs, helps bruises, resists poison, &c being taken inwardly in powder, the quantity of half a dram at atime you may mix it with syrup of violets, if your body be feverish capparum capper roots are hot and dry in the second degree, cuttingand cleansing. They provoke menses, help malignant ulcers, ease thetoothache, assuage swelling, and help the rickets see oil of cappers cariophillatæ, &c of avens, or herb bennet the roots are dry, andessaything hot, of a cleansing quality, they keep garments from beingmoth-eaten see the leaves caulium of colewort i know nothing the roots are good for, but onlyto bear the herbs and flowers centaurii majoris of centaury the greater the roots help such asare bursten, such as spit blood, shrinking of sinews, shortness ofwind, coughs, convulsions, cramps. Half a dram in powder being takeninwardly, either in muskadel, or in a decoction of the same roots theyare either not at all, or very scarce in england, our centaury is thesmall centaury cepœ of onions are hot and dry according to galen in thefourth degree. They cause dryness, and are extremely hurtful forcholeric people, they breed but little nourishment, and that little isnaught. They are bad meat, yet good physic for phlegmatic people, theyare opening, and provoke urine and the menses, if cold be the causeobstructing. Bruised and outwardly applied, they cure the bitings ofmad dogs, roasted and applied, they help boils, and aposthumes. Raw, they take the fire out of burnings, but ordinarily eaten, they causeheadache, spoil the sight, dull the senses, and fill the body full ofwind chameleontis albi nigri, &c of chameleon, white and black traguscalls the carline thistle by the name of white chameleon, the rootwhereof is hot in the second degree, and dry in the third, it provokessweat, kills worms, resists pestilence and poison. It is given withsuccess in pestilential fevers, helps the toothache by being chewed inthe mouth, opens the stoppings of the liver and spleen, provokes urine, and the menses.

See the root the less is heart of darkness essay apresent remedy for the yellow jaundice, opens stoppings of the liver, gall, and spleen. Purges choler, helps gout, clears the sight, purgeththe stomach, helps the dropsy and green sickness it is only the topsand flowers which are useful, of which you may take a dram inwardly inpowder, or half a handful boiled in posset-drink at a time centinodium, &c knotgrass. Cold in the second degree, helps spittingand other evacuations of blood, stops the menses and all other fluxesof blood, vomiting of blood, gonorrhæa, or running of the reins, weakness of the back and joints, inflammations of the privities, andsuch as make water by drops, and it is an excellent remedy for hogsthat will not eat their meat your only way is to boil it, it is inits prime about the latter end of july, or beginning of august:at which time being gathered it may be kept dry all the year brassavolus, camerarius caryfolium vulgare et myrrhis common and great chervil. Take themboth together, and they are temperately hot and dry, provoke urine, stir up venery, comfort the heart, and are good for old people. Helppleurises and pricking in the sides cæpea, anagallis aquatica brooklime, hot and dry, but not so hot anddry as water cresses. They help mangy horses. See water cresses ceterach, &c spleenwort. Moderately hot, waste and consumes thespleen, insomuch that vitruvius affirms he hath known hogs that havefed upon it, that have had when they were killed no spleens at all it is excellently good for melancholy people, helps the stranguary, provokes urine, and breaks the stone in the bladder, boil it anddrink the decoction. But because a little boiling will carry away thestrength of it in vapours, let it boil but very little, and let itstand close stopped till it be cold before you strain it out. This isthe general rule for all simples of this nature chamapitys ground-pine. Hot in the second degree, and dry in thethird, helps the jaundice, sciatica, stopping of the liver, and spleen, provokes the menses, cleanses the entrails, dissolves congealed blood, resists poison, cures wounds and ulcers strong bodies may take a dram, and weak bodies half a dram of it in powder at a time chamæmelum, sativum, sylvestre garden and wild chamomel gardenchamomel, is hot and dry in the first degree, and as gallant a medicineagainst the stone in the bladder as grows upon the earth, you may takeit inwardly, i mean the decoction of it, being boiled in white wine, orinject the juice of it into the bladder with a syringe it expels wind, helps belchings, and potently provokes the menses.

St valentine, epilepsy. St catherine of siena, the plague not even our domestic animals were forgotten by the saints thus, st roch of montpellier distinguished himself especially by hisskill as a veterinarian various were the ways of obtaining the medical aid of this or thatsaint the most simple was probably that the patient attended mass inthe church of his town, and, at the same time, made an offering tothe saints more difficult was it to undertake a pilgrimage to oneor the other of the saints who enjoyed a medical reputation. Thiswas generally done on the birthday of the celestial physician itseems that the saint was especially inclined on this day to practisemedicine. At least, the chroniclers report that great numbers of themost difficult paper were successfully treated on such days a very efficacious method of securing medical treatment from saints wasconsidered to be the placing of the patient in the church during theday in the space between the altar and the grave of the saint the bedof the mortally sick, fever-racked patient was placed there, and fordays was compelled to remain here wrestling with death this was done, for instance, with the dying countess eborin in case severe epidemicswere prevalent, it is likely that the churches very often resembledactual hospitals then dozens of beds with their patients were set upin the churches, and thesis a one who was in good health when he enteredthe church to say his prayers probably returned home with the germ of apestilence acquired in the sanctuary but the saints, as we have seen, were by no means always so anxiousor in such a hurry to manifest their medical skill they often madethe patient wait for years for their aid the church, therefore, madepractical arrangements to meet every requirement larger buildings wereerected close to the church intended for the reception of patients here those who were hoping to find help could obtain shelter and food, and were, therefore, able to rest quietly, and to await the moment whenheavenly aid might appear this arrangement proved to be extremelypractical, especially because a good thesis individuals felt themselvescured only so long as they remained in the proximity of the saint, butbecame reafflicted as before when they returned to their homes but as the slumber and the protracted sojourn in the ecclesiasticalhostelries was, nevertheless, rather uncomfortable, especially inconsideration of the difficulties and dangers which were involved intraveling during the middle ages, it was absolutely necessary to inventa means of administering the medical aid of the saints in such a way aswas always accessible to the patient this was managed by the use ofrelics §8 cult of relics - it was believed that god had endowed the bodiesof martyrs who died for the christian faith, or of saints distinguishedby extraordinary piety, with a miraculous power of extraordinaryefficacy, and not only the mortal relics of the martyrs and saints werewonder-working, but actually all objects which had come in contact withthe persons of saints during their life as well as after their death all such objects were possessed of curative power let us listen towhat gregory of tours says under this head.

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Eight minutes, heart ceased to beat similar results were obtained in ruminants and in small animals, except that the larger animals lived longer than the smaller faure735 made the following experiment on a large dog he tied heart of darkness essay a cord tightly round its neck. For fifty-five seconds it was quiet, then suddenly it became agitated, threw itself against the wall, rolled on the ground, twisted itself. Bloody mucus escaped from the nose and mouth. The teeth were ground together. Urine and fæces were passed the efforts at respiration became very rapid it fell dead at the end of three and one-half minutes the symptoms of strangulation in the human subject resemble closelythose just described as occurring in the dog the first or preliminary stage lasts a variable time, according to thesuddenness and completeness with which the access of air is prevented;it lasts until there is a demand for the air in a case of homicide, injuries may be inflicted on the victim in this stage which may have animportant bearing on the cause of death blows on the head may causeunconsciousness, or even apoplexy. Upon the stomach, may cause syncope;stab-wounds may tend to cause death from hemorrhage the second stage begins with the demand for air and lasts tillunconsciousness supervenes it is characterized by frantic efforts tobreathe, efforts in which the entire body takes writing if the subject isconscious, he is intensely so. The expression of the face is intense;the eyes may protrude, the hands be clinched. The memory is unusuallyactive, and the events of a lifetime may rapidly pass before the mindin a few minutes the tongue may be thrust between the clinched teethand bitten.