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Hbs Essay


The difference is but little they both of themcut flegm, as also tough, hard viscous humours in the stomach. Theycool the body, quench thirst, provoke urine, and prepare the stomachbefore the taking of a vomit if you take it as a preparative for anemetic, take half an ounce of it when you go to bed the night beforeyou intend it to operate, it will work the easier, but if for any ofthe foregoing occasions, take it with a liquorice stick syrupus acetosus compositus or syrup of vinegar compound college take of the roots of smallage, fennel, endive, of eachthree ounces, the seeds of annis, smallage, fennel, of each one ounce, of endive half an ounce, clear water six pounds, boil it gently in anearthen vessel till half the water be consumed, then strain and clarifyit, and with three pounds of sugar, and a pound and a half of whitewine vinegar, boil it into a syrup culpeper this in my opinion is a gallant syrup for such whosebodies are stuffed either with flegm, or tough humours, for it opensobstructions or stoppings both of the stomach, liver, spleen, andreins. It cuts and brings away tough flegm and choler, and is thereforea special remedy for such as have a stuffing at their stomach syrupus de agno casto or syrup of agnus castus college take of the seeds of rue and hemp, of each half a dram, of endive, lettice, purslain, gourds, melons, of each two drams, offleawort half an ounce, of agnus castus four ounces, the flowers ofwater lilies, the leaves of mints, of each half a handful, decoctionof seeds of lentils, and coriander seeds, of each half an ounce, threepounds of the decoction, boil them all over a gentle fire till twopounds be consumed, add to the residue, being strained, two ounces ofjuice of lemons, a pound and a half of white sugar, make it into asyrup according to art culpeper a pretty syrup, and good for little syrupus de althæa or syrup of marsh-mallows college take of roots of marsh-mallows, two ounces, the roots ofgrass asparagus, liquorice, raisins of the sun stoned, of each halfan ounce, the tops of mallows, marsh-mallows, pellitory of the wall, burnet, plantain, maiden-hair white and black, of each a handful, redcicers an ounce, of the four greater and four lesser cold seeds, ofeach three drams, boil them in six pounds of clear water till fourremain, which being strained, boil into a syrup with four pounds ofwhite sugar culpeper it is a fine cooling, opening, slipery syrup, and chieflycommendable for the cholic, stone, or gravel, in the kidneys or bladder syrupus de ammoniaca or syrup of ammoniacum college take of maudlin and cetrach, of each four handfuls, commonwormwood an ounce, the roots of succory, sparagus, bark of caper roots, of each two ounces, after due preparation steep them twenty-four hoursin three ounces of white wine, radish and fumitory water, of each twopounds, then boil it away to one pound eight ounces, let it settle, in four ounces of which, whilst it is warm, dissolve by itself gumammoniacum, first dissolved in white wine vinegar, two ounces, boil therest with a pound and an half of white sugar into a syrup, adding themixtures of the gum at the end culpeper it cools the liver, and opens obstructions both of it andthe spleen, helps old surfeits, and such like diseases, as scabs, itch, leprosy, and what else proceed from the liver over heated you may takean ounce at a time syrupus de artemisia or syrup of mugwort college take of mugwort two handfuls, pennyroyal, calaminth, origanum, bawm, arsmart, dittany of crete, savin, marjoram, germander, st john wort, camepitis, featherfew with the flowers, centaury theless, rue, bettony, bugloss, of each a handful, the roots of fennel, smallage, parsley, sparagus, bruscus, saxifrage, elecampane, cypress, madder, orris, peony, of each an ounce, juniper berries, the seeds oflovage, parsley, smallage, annis, nigella, carpobalsamum or cubebs, costus, cassia lignea, cardamoms, calamus aromaticus, the roots ofasarabacca, pellitory of spain, valerian, of each half an ounce, beingcleansed, cut, and bruised, let them be infused twenty-four hours infourteen pounds of clear water, and boiled till half be consumed, beingtaken off from the fire, and rubbed between your hands whilst it iswarm, strain it, and with honey and sugar, of each two pounds, sharpvinegar four ounces, boil it to a syrup, and perfume it with cinnamonand spikenard, of each three drams culpeper it helps the passion of the matrix, and retains it inits place, it dissolves the coldness, wind, and pains thereof. Itstrengthens the nerves, opens the pores, corrects the blood, itcorrects and provokes the menses you may take a spoonful of it at atime syrupus de betonica compositus or syrup of bettony compound college take of bettony three handfuls, marjoram four handfuls anda half, thyme, red roses, of each a handful, violets, stœchas, sage, of each half a handful, the seeds of fennel, annis, and ammi, of eachhalf an ounce, the roots of peons, polypodium, and fennel, of each fivedrams, boil them in six pounds of river water, to three pounds, strainit, and add juice of bettony two pounds, sugar three pounds and a half, make it into a syrup culpeper it helps diseases coming of cold, both in the head andstomach, as also such as come of wind, vertigos, madness. It concoctsmelancholy, it provokes the menses, and so doth the simple syrup morethan the compound syrupus byzantinus, simple college take of the juice of the leaves of endive and smallage, of each two pounds, of hops and bugloss, of each one pound, boil themtogether and scum them, and to the clarified liquor, add four pounds ofwhite sugar, to as much of the juices, and with a gentle fire boil itto a syrup syrupus byzantinus, compound college take of the juices so ordered as in the former, fourpounds, in which boil red roses, two ounces, liquorice half an ounce, the seeds of annis, fennel, and smallage, of each three drams, spikenard two drams, strain it, and to the three pounds remaining, add two pounds of vinegar, four pounds of sugar, make it into a syrupaccording to art culpeper they both of them viz both simple and compoundopen stoppings of the stomach, liver, and spleen, help the ricketsin children, cut and bring away tough flegm, and help the yellowjaundice you may take them with a liquorice stick, or take a spoonfulin the morning fasting syrupus botryos or syrup of oak of jerusalem college take of oak of jerusalem, hedge-mustard, nettles, of eachtwo handfuls, colt-foot, one handful and a half, boil them in asufficient quantity of clear water till half be consumed.

Fatty tissue seen beneath no blood hbs essay effused. Small vessels could be seen stretching across the fissures case 15 brain congested, etc caspar, “forensic med , ” p 316, vol i - boy, æt 1-1/2 years, set fire to his clothing death in 1½ days post-mortem examination showed congestion of the brain, inflammation of the trachea, engorgement of the lungs with hepatization of the lower writing of the right lung case 16 burn of lower writing of body death same reference - woman, æt 81. Burn of lower writing of body, including the gluteal region, the perineum and genital organs external death after several days post-mortem examination showed the upper lobe of left lung in a stage of red hepatization, etc case 17 tardy appearance of redness and vesication tidy, “legal med , ” vol ii , p 124, case 15 - woman, insensible from cold, had hot water applied in tins to her sides and feet the flannel coverings became displaced and the hot tins came in contact with the body no redness or vesication could be detected two hours afterward the next day, when consciousness had returned and recovery from insensibility had taken place, the writings had become reddened and vesicated case 18 were the burns ante mortem or post mortem?. caspar, “forensic med , ” vol i , p 317 - woman intoxicated.

And that, in such paper, drugs likeaspirin may give relief and may do no harm the patient, however, isnot educated to distinguish one class from the other, and thereforeanything that tends to promote the indiscriminate use of such remediesas aspirin is detrimental to the public health furthermore, aspirinitself is not always harmless alarming idiosyncrasies are sufficientlycommon that the use of the first doses, at least, should requiremedical supervision with these considerations in mind, the referee isof the opinion that the direct and indirect advertising of aspirin isto be condemned -- from the journal a m a , jan 20, 1917 pil cascara compound-robins report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrya circular issued by the a h robins company of richmond, va , contains the following hbs essay statement. “pil cascara compound-robins is a rational therapeutic formula, composed of cascara, podophyllin, colocynth and hyoscyamus, which promotes a natural flow of secretions, which is, in turn, the physiologic stimulant of peristalsis thus, a normal evacuation is produced without subsequent inhibition “they contain no mercury, strychnia nor belladonna “an ideal aid to any remedial agent, when a mild, medium or strong alimentary stimulant is needed sic “made in two strengths, the dosage may be easily regulated so as to obtain the effects of an anti-dyspeptic, aperient, laxative or cathartic, as desired they never cause discomfort unless given in larger dose than needed ”this preparation is another example of the innumerable mixtures ofwell-known drugs having nothing in the way of originality or of specialtherapeutic value to recommend them the advertising implies that this writingicular combination has a specialaction on the secretions of the gastro-intestinal tract. Otherwiseit would be hard to explain the claim that the preparation isantidyspeptic, if that means anything more than a laxative or cathartic the claim is made that this preparation contains no belladonna-- yetit admittedly contains hyoscyamus!. this manifests either ignorance onthe writing of the manufacturers, or an effort to impose on the medicalprofession both belladonna and hyoscyamus contain variable amountsof similar alkaloids, chiefly hyoscyamin hyoscyamus is feeblerthan belladonna in its action, as it contains less alkaloid thequalitative differences between the two drugs, with reference to theiruse as laxatives, is so slight as to make the company claim forhyoscyamus appear either deliberately misleading or to be the resultof crass ignorance promoting this mixture of well-known laxatives andcathartics as an “ideal aid to any remedial agent when a mild, mediumor strong alimentary stimulant is needed” is a slur on the intelligenceof physicians pil cascara compound-robins is not acceptable for new and nonofficialremedies -- from the journal a m a , jan 27, 1917 casta-flora report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrycasta-flora is one of those complex preparations which are offeredto the medical profession, with plausible arguments in support ofthe claims made it is put out by the wm s merrell chemical co , cincinnati each fluidounce is said to represent. “castanea, fresh leaves, 40 gr. Passiflora, fresh plant, 40 gr. Gelsemium, green tincture, 8 minims. Inula, represented by the camphoraceous stearoptene helenin, 20 grs. Iodized lime, 8 grs. Menthol, 1-4 grs. Aromatic syrup yerba santa, 60 minims ”it is said to be. “a new combination of well-tried remedies of especial value in pertussis and other spasmodic coughs it is composed of astringent, antispasmodic, sedative and expectorant agents, that control the paroxysms, relieve the irritation, promote expectoration, and give tone to mucous membranes involved ”still more exaggerated claims are made for the individual constituentsof casta-flora, writingly by direct statement, writingly by inference forexample. “castanea is almost a specific in whooping cough and other spasmodic coughs “passiflora is a narcotic, sedative and antispasmodic without habit-forming properties, nor does it lock up the secretions and upset digestion like opiates “inula elecampane has been employed as a cough remedy in england for centuries its action is similar to guaiacol and creosote its active principle, helenin, is destructive of tubercle bacilli in dilutions of 1 to 10, 000 “iodized lime, menthol, and yerba santa are too well known as expectorants and antiseptics to require more than passing mention ”that casta-flora is a “new” combination may be admitted. It isimprobable that exactly this combination of obsolete drugs was everbefore selected for any purpose whatever, but the statement ismisleading in that no new principle of therapeutics is involved on thecontrary, the combination is just what might be expected from haphazardchoosing of discarded and nearly forgotten drugs it seems incrediblethat a reputable firm of manufacturing pharmacists would make thepositive statement that castanea is almost a specific in whoopingcough why not say it is a specific?.

And in spring, if you please to boil the tender plant butcut off the prickles, unless you have a mind to choak yourself it willchange your blood as the season changes, and that is the way to be safe the woollen, or, cotton thistle descript this has thesis large leaves lying upon the ground, essaywhatcut in, and as it were crumpled on the edges, of a green colour on theupper side, but covered over with a long hairy wool or cotton down, setwith most sharp and cruel pricks. From the middle of whose heads offlowers come forth thesis purplish crimson threads, and essaytimes white, although but seldom the seed that follow in those white downy heads, is essaywhat large and round, resembling the seed of lady thistle, butpaler the root is great and thick, spreading much, yet usually diesafter seed time place it grows on divers ditch-banks, and in the corn-fields, and highways, generally throughout the land, and is often growing ingardens government and virtues it is a plant of mars dioscorides and plinywrite, that the leaves and roots hereof taken in drink, help those thathave a crick in their neck, that they cannot turn it, unless they turntheir whole body galen saith, that the roots and leaves hereof aregood for such persons that have their bodies drawn together by essayspasm or convulsion, or other infirmities. As the rickets or as thecollege of physicians would have it, rachites, about which name theyhave quarrelled sufficiently in children, being a disease that hinderstheir growth, by binding their nerves, ligaments, and whole structureof their body the fuller thistle, or teasle it is so well known, that it needs no description, being used with theclothworkers the wild teasle is in all things like the former, but that the pricklesare small, soft, and upright, not hooked or stiff, and the flowersof this are of a fine blueish, or pale carnation colour, but of themanured kind, whitish place the first grows, being sown in gardens or fields for the useof clothworkers. The other near ditches and rills of water in thesisplaces of this land time they flower in july, and are ripe in the end of august government and virtues it is an herb of venus dioscorides saith, that the root bruised and boiled in wine, till it be thick, and keptin a brazen vessel, and after spread as a salve, and applied to thefundament, doth heal the cleft thereof, cankers and fistulas therein, also takes away warts and wens the juice of the leaves dropped intothe ears, kills worms in them the distilled water of the leavesdropped into the eyes, takes away redness and mists in them thathinder the sight, and is often used by women to preserve their beauty, and to take away redness and inflammations, and all other heat ordiscolourings treacle mustard descript it rises up with a hard round stalk, about a foot high, writinged into essay branches, having divers soft green leaves, longand narrow, set thereon, waved, but not cut into the edges, broadesttowards the ends, essaywhat round pointed. The flowers are white thatgrow at the tops of the branches, spike-fashion, one above another;after which come round pouches, writinged in the middle with a furrow, having one blackish brown seed on either side, essaywhat sharp in taste, and smelling of garlick, especially in the fields where it is natural, but not so much in gardens. The roots are small and thready, perishingevery year give me leave here to add mithridate mustard, although it may seem moreproperly by the name to belong to m, in the alphabet mithridate mustard descript this grows higher than the former, spreading more andhigher branches, whose leaves are smaller and narrower, essaytimesunevenly dented about the edges the flowers are small and white, growing on long branches, with much smaller and rounder vessels afterthem, and writinged in the same manner, having smaller brown seeds thanthe former, and much sharper in taste the root perishes after seedtime, but abides the first winter after springing place they grow in sundry places in this land, as half a mile fromhatfield, by the river side, under a hedge as you go to hatfield, andin the street of peckham on surrey side time they flower and seed from may to august government and virtues both of them are herbs of mars the mustardsare said to purge the body both upwards and downwards, and procurewomen courses so abundantly, that it suffocates the birth it breaksinward imposthumes, being taken inwardly. And used in clysters, helpsthe sciatica the seed applied, doth the same it is an especialingredient in mithridate and treacle, being of itself an antidoteresisting poison, venom and putrefaction it is also available in thesispaper for which the common mustard is used, but essaywhat weaker the black thorn, or sloe-bush it is so well known, that it needs no description place it grows in every county in the hedges and borders of fields time it flowers in april, and essaytimes in march, but the fruitripens after all other plums whatsoever, and is not fit to be eatenuntil the autumn frost mellow them government and virtues all the writings of the sloe-bush are binding, cooling, and dry, and all effectual to stay bleeding at the nose andmouth, or any other place.

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But those with the purple flowers, in gardens only time they flower in march and april government and virtues venus owns this herb, and saith, that theleaves eaten by man and wife together, cause love between them theperiwinkle is a great binder, stays bleeding both at mouth and nose, if essay of the leaves be chewed the french used it to stay womencourses dioscorides, galen, and ægineta, commend it against the lasksand fluxes of the belly to be drank in wine st peter wort if superstition had not been the father of tradition, as well asignorance the mother of devotion, this herb, as well as st johnwort hath found essay other name to be known by. But we may say of ourforefathers, as st paul of the athenians, i perceive in thesis thingsyou are too superstitious yet seeing it is come to pass, that customhaving got in possession, pleads prescription for the name, i shall letit pass, and come to the description of the herb, which take as follows descript it rises up with square upright stalks for the most writing, essay greater and higher than st john wort and good reason too, st peter being the greater apostle, ask the pope else. For though godwould have the saints equal, the pope is of another opinion, but brownin the same manner, having two leaves at every joint, essaywhat like, but larger, than st john wort, and a little rounder pointed, withfew or no holes to be seen thereon, and having essaytimes essay smallerleaves rising from the bosom of the greater, and essaytimes a littlehairy also at the tops of two stalks stand thesis star-like flowers, with yellow threads in the middle, very like those of st johnwort, insomuch that this is hardly discerned from it, but only by thelargeness and height, the seed being alike also in both the rootabides long, sending forth new shoots every year place it grows in thesis groves, and small low woods, in diversplaces of this land, as in kent, huntingdon, cambridge, andnorthamptonshire. As also near water-courses in other places time it flowers in june and july, and the seed is ripe in august government and virtues there is not a straw to choose between thisand st john wort, only st peter must have it, lest he should wantpot herbs. It is of the same property of st john wort, but essaywhatweaker, and therefore more seldom used two drams of the seed taken ata time in honied water, purges choleric humours, as saith dioscorides, pliny, and galen, and thereby helps those that are troubled with thesciatica the leaves are used as st john wort, to help those placesof the body that have been burnt with fire pimpernel descript common pimpernel hath divers weak square stalks lyingon the ground, beset all with two small and almost round leaves atevery joint, one against another, very like chickweed, but hath nofoot-stalks. For the leaves, as it were, compase the stalk the flowersstand singly each by themselves at them and the stalk, consisting offive small round-pointed leaves, of a pale red colour, tending to anorange, with so thesis threads in the middle, in whose places succeedsmooth round heads, wherein is contained small seed the root is smalland fibrous, perishing every year place it grows almost every where as well in the meadows andcorn-fields, as by the way-sides, and in gardens, arising of itself time it flowers from may until april, and the seed ripens in themean time, and falls government and virtues it is a gallant solar herb, of a cleansingattractive quality, whereby it draws forth thorns or splinters, orother such like things gotten into the flesh. And put up into thenostrils, purges the head. And galen saith also, they have a dryingfaculty, whereby they are good to solder the lips of wounds, and tocleanse foul ulcers the distilled water or juice is much esteemed byfrench dames to cleanse the skin from any roughness and deformity, ordiscolouring thereof. Being boiled in wine and given to drink, it isa good remedy against the plague, and other pestilential fevers, ifthe writingy after taking it be warm in his bed, and sweat for two hoursafter, and use the same for twice at least it helps also all stingingsand bitings of venomous beasts, or mad dogs, being used inwardly, andapplied outwardly the same also opens obstructions of the liver, andis very available against the infirmities of the reins. It provokesurine, and helps to expel the stone and gravel out of the kidneys andbladder, and helps much in all inward pains and ulcers the decoction, or distilled water, is no less effectual to be applied to all woundsthat are fresh and green, or old, filthy, fretting, and running ulcers, which it very effectually cures in a short space a little mixed withthe juice, and dropped into the eyes, cleanses them from cloudy mists, or thick films which grow over them, and hinder the sight it helps thetooth-ache, being dropped into the ear on a contrary side of the pain it is also effectual to ease the pains of the hæmorrhoids or piles ground pine, or chamepitys descript our common ground pine grows low, seldom rising above ahand breadth high, shooting forth divers small branches, set withslender, small, long, narrow, greyish, or whitish leaves, essaywhathairy, and divided into three writings, thesis bushing together at a joint, essay growing scatteringly upon the stalks, smelling essaywhat strong, like unto rozin. The flowers are small, and of a pale yellow colour, growing from the joint of the stalk all along among the leaves;after which come small and round husks the root is small and woody, perishing every year place it grows more plentifully in kent than any other county ofthis land, as namely, in thesis places on this side dartford, along tosouthfleet, chatham, and rochester, and upon chatham down, hard by thebeacon, and half a mile from rochester, in a field near a house calledselesys time it flowers and gives seed in the summer months government and virtues mars owns the herb the decoction of groundpine drank, doth wonderfully prevail against the stranguary, or anyinward pains arising from the diseases of the reins and urine, andis especially good for all obstructions of the liver and spleen, andgently opens the body.