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“ has stood the test during thesis years for unequaled efficacy in the treatment of tuberculosis indicated also as a tonic and tissue builder in convalescence from fevers, in nervous diseases, rickets, senile debility and bronchitis ” “its use is indicated in diseases of the chest, chronic cough, throat affections, general debility, brain exhaustion, cholera infantum and wasting diseases of children ”at present no definite claims seem to be made for it. The manufacturersevidently find the magic name of hypophosphites sufficient to evokethe spell for which the advertisement writer aid was once sought a testimonial contained in a circular which seems to be still usedillustrates both the kind of aura which surrounds hypophosphites inthe minds of physicians who are still living in the past, and the kindof logic which has made the reputation of this and thesis other equallyworthless preparations “just about six years ago i had a severe attack of la grippe which almost killed me left me with asthma catarrh and a severe cough did not get out of the house for three months took over a dozen bottles mcarthur hypophos -- came out all right and since then worked hard, but last fall took another cold, but worked on, used mcarthur hypophos , am using it now, am on my 12th bottle “i have five or six patients whom i have put on mcarthur hypophos , but i do not prescribe the single bottle, but wholesale no less than half dozen bottles one patient is on his 24th bottle with orders to get another half dozen and keep it up all winter i have given the same order to all keep it up all winter and i myself intend to do the same, for with its use i have lost no time-- rain or shine i am doing my work i know what it has done for me and what it is doing for my patients ”it would be hard to find a more characteristic example of the naïvemental processes of the simple folk who in all good faith writetestimonials for worthless medicines this well-meaning practitioner a homeopath, by the way, because he “came out all right” after anattack of grip, returns all praise to mcarthur hypophosphites, whichhe has taken “wholesale ” not the faintest doubt of the validity ofhis post hoc ergo propter hoc argument seems to glimmer across hisconsciousness mcarthur syrup of the hypophosphites is an irrational preparation while its faults are fewer and less glaring than those of essay otherproprietaries, the circulation of such a testimonial as the one justquoted is sufficient of itself to cast suspicion on the product borcherdt malt olive with hypophosphites, maltzyme with hypophosphites and maltine with olive oil and hypophosphitesthese preparations are now described in the appendix to new andnonofficial remedies borcherdt malt olive with hypophosphites borcherdt malt extract company, chicago is said to contain in each100 c c , 0 64 gm each of calcium and sodium hypophosphites, withmalt extract, olive oil and glycerine maltzyme with hypophosphites malt-diastase company, new york is said to contain, in each100 c c , 0 4 gm each of calcium, sodium and potassium hypophosphitesand 0 005 gm each of iron and manganese hypophosphites, withmaltzyme maltine with hypophosphites maltine company, brooklyn, n y is said to contain in each 100 c c , 0 64 gm each of calciumand sodium hypophosphites and 0 42 gm of iron hypophosphite, withmaltine maltine with olive oil and hypophosphites maltine company, brooklyn, n y is said to contain, in each 100 c c , 0 6 gm eachof calcium and sodium hypophosphites, with maltine and olive oil ingeneral, no therapeutic claims are made for these mixtures so far asthe hypophosphites are concerned the addition of hypophosphites tosuch mixtures is irrational and, since it tends to perpetuate thehypophosphite fallacy, detrimental to sound therapeutics the council actionthe council endorsed the conclusions of the work of dr marriottreferred to above, and noted. 1 that the therapeutic use ofhypophosphites except possibly in essay paper as a convenient means ofadministering the positive element in the salt, as ammonium in ammoniumhypophosphite or calcium in calcium hypophosphite is irrational. 2that the merits of each hypophosphite salt submitted for considerationunder the foregoing exception must be judged individually, and 3that fellows’ syrup of hypophosphites, peters’ syrupus roborans, schlotterbeck solution hypophosphites of lime and soda, robinsonhypophosphites, the eupeptic hypophosphites of nelson, baker &co , and mcarthur syrup of the hypophosphites are ineligible forinclusion in new and nonofficial remedies, and that borcherdt maltolive with hypophosphites, maltzyme with hypophosphites, maltinewith hypophosphites, and maltine with olive oil and hypophosphitesbe deleted from the appendix of n n r of these preparations, all are in conflict with rule 10. Fellows’ syrup, schlotterbecksolution, robinson hypophosphites and nelson, baker & co eupeptichypophosphites are in conflict with rule 6. The fellows, schlotterbeck, and nelson, baker preparations are also in conflict with rule1 -- from the journal a m a , sept 2, 1916 pulvoids calcylates report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrypulvoids calcylates 5 grains was submitted by the drug productscompany, inc , new york, under the following claims as to composition. “when ingested represents the following chemical formulas. Oh c₆h₄ coo₂ ca 2h₂o sr c₇h₅o₃₂ 2h₂o ” “strontium di-salicylate 2-1/2 grs and our especially prepared salt of calcium and acid salicylic adjusted in such nascent form, that these pulvoids upon ingestion will promptly form calcium neutral di-salicylate 2-1/2 gr ” “a combination of calcium and strontium di-salicylate, in seemingly true chemical union ”these statements are rather vague, possibly because they are an attemptto mystify the product, however, may be assumed to be a mixture not achemical combination of calcium salicylate and strontium salicylate the therapeutic claims made for the preparation are.

certainly they have read so much in oldrusty authors, that they have lost all their divinity. For unless itwere amongst the ranters, i never read or heard of such blasphemy theheathens and infidels were bad, and ours worse. The idolaters giveidolatrous names to herbs for their virtues sake, not for their fairlooks. And therefore essay called this an herb of the holy ghost;others, more moderate, called it angelica, because of its angelicalvirtues, and that name it retains still, and all nations follow it sonear as their dialect will permit government and virtues it is an herb of the sun in leo. Let it begathered when he is there, the moon applying to his good aspect. Letit be gathered either in his hour, or in the hour of jupiter, let solbe angular.

So it cannot be found till it spring again government and virtues it is under the dominion of mars, and beholdhere another verification of the learning of the ancients, viz thatthe virtue of an herb may be known by its signature, as plainly appearsin this. For if you dig up the root of it, you shall perceive theperfect image of the disease which they commonly call the piles it iscertain by good experience, that the decoction of the leaves and rootswonderfully helps piles and hæmorrhoids, also kernels by the ears andthroat, called the king evil, or any other hard wens or tumours here another secret for my countrymen and women, a couple of themtogether. Pilewort made into an oil, ointment, or plaister, readilycures both the piles, or hæmorrhoids, and the king evil. The veryherb borne about one body next the skin helps in such diseases, though it never touch the place grieved. Let poor people make much ofit for those uses. With this i cured my own daughter of the kingevil, broke the sore, drew out a quarter of a pint of corruption, curedwithout any scar at all in one week time the ordinary small centaury descript this grows up most usually but with one round and essaywhatcrusted stalk, about a foot high or better, branching forth at the topinto thesis sprigs, and essay also from the joints of the stalks below;the flowers thus stand at the tops as it were in one umbel or tuft, are of a pale red, tending to carnation colour, consisting of five, essaytimes six small leaves, very like those of st john wort, openingthemselves in the day time and closing at night, after which come seedsin little short husk, in forms like unto wheat corn the leaves aresmall and essaywhat round. The root small and hard, perishing everyyear the whole plant is of an exceeding bitter taste there is another sort in all things like the former, save only it bearswhite flowers place they grow ordinarily in fields, pastures, and woods, but thatwith the white flowers not so frequently as the other time they flower in july or thereabouts, and seeds within a monthafter government and virtues they are under the dominion of the sun, asappears in that their flowers open and shut as the sun, either shewsor hides his face this herb, boiled and drank, purges choleric andgross humours, and helps the sciatica. It opens obstructions of theliver, gall, and spleen, helps the jaundice, and eases the pains in thesides and hardness of the spleen, used outwardly, and is given withvery good effect in agues it helps those that have the dropsy, or thegreen-sickness, being much used by the italians in powder for thatpurpose it kill the worms in the belly, as is found by experience the decoction thereof, viz the tops of the stalks, with the leavesand flowers, is good against the cholic, and to bring down womencourses, helps to avoid the dead birth, and eases pains of the mother, and is very effectual in all pains of the joints, as the gout, cramps, or convulsions a dram of the powder taken in wine is a wonderful goodhelp against the biting and poison of an adder the juice of the herbwith a little honey put to it, is good to clear the eyes from dimness, mists and clouds that offend or hinder sight it is singularly goodboth for green and fresh wounds, as also for old ulcers and sores, toclose up the one and cleanse the other, and perfectly to cure themboth, although they are hollow or fistulous. The green herb especially, being bruised and laid thereto the decoction thereof dropped into theears, cleanses them from worms, cleanses the foul ulcers and spreadingscabs of the head, and takes away all freckles, spots, and marks in theskin, being washed with it. The herb is so safe you cannot fail in theusing of it, only giving it inwardly for inward diseases it is verywholeessay, but not very toothessay there is beside these, another small centaury, which bears a yellowflower. In all other respects it is like the former, save that theleaves are larger, and of a darker green, and the stalks pass throughthe midst of them, as it does in the herb thorowan they are all ofthem, as i told you, under the government of the sun. Yet this, ifyou observe it, you shall find an excellant truth. In diseases of theblood, use the red centaury.

What was left was divided amongst the remaining eight, including five males, two women, and a little six year old child if we asked for more, we were reminded that we were short of provisions and had to make them last if the platter of getting essay help food had been equally divided, and we had all shared alike, it would not have been so bad, but under this heads-i-win-tails-you-lose division i have got up from the table actually hungry it is an awful sensation suddenly to realise that you actually covet the food another person is eating we continued in a northerly direction until february 5th, when we again met the wolf, and owing to the bomb incident, sixteen additional germans were sent on board with their side arms and clothing but no additional food was sent with them we now had eighty-two souls on board the igotz mendi all told lieutenant wolf, division lieutenant of the wolf, was also sent on board to assist rose lieutenant wolf took over the control of the food and the cook's dewritingment, and made an honest effort to better things, which did improve essaywhat, at least to the extent that on bean meals we frequently got all we wanted. But he was also the inventor of a weird concoction known as "billposter's paste" and for this last crime i will never forgive him otherwise he was a decent and fair-minded officer after his arrival, favouritism was abolished and we all got a square deal on february 6th the wolf left us and was never seen again by any of us we then started to go around the northern end of iceland, but met ice and were forced back we ran south for a couple of days and waited around to see if the wolf made it or not, and as she did not return, we concluded she had either got through or passed to the southward of iceland, chancing the blockade the cold here was very intense and caused a lot of suffering amongst us helped by essay of the german sailors, i fixed a place in an empty bunker, where my wife, nita and myself practically lived, only going in the cabin for meals and to sleep lieutenant rose had canvas put up here for us and lights put in so that i could lie there and read, and the wife could sit and sew nita of course enjoyed the comparative warmth the only drawback was that the air was full of fine coal dust and gas from the fire room, and we used to get frightfully dirty on february 12th we again tried to get to the northward of iceland, but again met ice and had to return rose was forced to go to the southward of iceland, as he could not waste any more time, since the supply of drinking water was getting very low now that we were about to actually enter the blockade zone, our hopes commenced to rise i heard nothing from my fellow prisoners for the past six months but. "just wait until they try to run the british blockade " i heard this so often that i got to believe it and used to figure the only chance the germans had to get through was if it was foggy weather, and then if he was lucky he might slip through we ran the blockade between the faroes and iceland in fine clear weather, and did not even see any smoke so i commenced to think that it was quite possible, it being winter, that the british weren't paying much attention to this writingicular spot and were keeping paper on the norwegian coast, especially in that district around the naze at the southern extremity of norway on the night of february 18th we received a wireless from berlin that the wolf had arrived safely and on february 19th we picked up the norwegian coast, essay sixty miles north of bergen from here we proceeded down the coast, bucking a heavy head wind and sea, at about five knots per hour, passing inside the light on the island outside stavanger, and thence down the coast and around the naze during this time it was fine and clear weather, and a cruiser could have seen us at twenty miles distance easily. But the only vessels we saw were a stavanger pilot boat and a danish passenger vessel bound northward we were a disgusted bunch and no mistake for myself, i was sore. I was afraid to speak to anybody here i had been kidding myself and letting others kid me that when i got this far, essaybody would surely pick me up and then to come down this coast in beautiful clear weather and not even see anything resembling a patrol boat was very disappointing to say the least from here on all i could see ahead of me was the gates of gerthesis and the certainty of spending from one to five years a hungry prisoner in a teuton detention camp i would have sold out cheap at this time, believe me by this time i had given up all hopes of getting free and had reconciled myself to going to gerthesis if it had not been for the family i would have jumped overboard and had a swim for neutral land at essay place when we passed fairly close the following day while crossing from norway to the northern end of denmark, jutland, it set in foggy and lieutenant rose was strutting around with a smile on his mug, saying. "just the weather i want. Made to order. I am all right now " i didn't argue the point with him, as i thought he was right about 3 30 in the afternoon we picked up a fog whistle ahead, of the character we call a "blatter" on the pacific coast i was standing on deck just under the bridge, talking to rose i nodded my head toward the signal and asked him what it was, and he said. "oh, that is the lightship " i thought at the time it was a peculiar character for a lightship, but dismissed the thought, thinking, "different ships, different fashions "rose had told the british colonel that this signal was a german torpedo boat with which he had arranged a meeting, and that the colonel had gone inside to tell the rest of the prisoner passengers, which would give them all a scare he also suggested that i should go inside and tell them it was a u-boat, and that i recognised the sound of her signal i laughed, and told him i had made so thesis remarks regarding the blockade that i was afraid to speak to them shortly after this i went into my cabin and was standing looking out of the port-hole and talking to my wife, when i noticed that we had altered our course, by the bearing of the fog signal, and knew that rose wanted to pass the lightship close aboard suddenly i felt the vessel smell the bottom i looked at the wife and said. "holy poker!. i thought i felt her smell the bottom " no sooner had i said this than the igotz mendi ran slap bang on the beach, about 350 yards off shore and less than half mile away from the lighthouse rose's mistaking the lighthouse signal for the lightship's signal was a lucky piece of business for us because i knew for an absolute certainty when i felt the igotz mendi had taken the beach that it would require the assistance of a powerful tug to get her off again i guess we all realised just how much this stranding meant to us, and the very nearness of freedom kept everybody quiet and busy with his own thoughts and plans i know that for one i had decided to get over the side and swim for it, provided the vessel should give any indications of getting off the beach right after the stranding, the weather being foggy, we were allowed on deck one of the neutral sailors, a dane named jensen, identified the spot where we were ashore and gave me the good news that the little town of skagen was only about two miles distant, and that one of the best life-saving crews in europe was stationed there sure enough, in about an hour a life-boat drew up alongside we were all chased inside again rose invited the captain of the life-boat on board, and took him into the chart room just above the saloon for a drink and talk our lady prisoners immediately commenced playing a game of "button, button, who's got the button?. " laughing and talking at the top of their voices, so that this man on top of the saloon would know that there were women on board also little nita did a crying act that could be heard, i am sure shortly rose came down with a blank scowl on his face and said. "you people can cut out the noise now, as the stranger has gone ashore "essaybody asked rose why he didn't introduce us to his friend, and rose answered. "what do you think i am a fool?. " nobody went on record with an opinion, so the matter was dropped in the meantime, lieutenant wolf had gone ashore and had 'phoned from the lighthouse at scow point, where we were ashore, to a salvage company in skagen, saying that we were a german merchant ship bound from bergen, norway, to kiel, and that we had run ashore in the fog. And that if a tug was sent immediately we could be pulled off easily, but if we were allowed to lie any length of time, the ship would bed herself in the sand and it would mean a long delay in getting off i understand he offered 25, 000 kroner for the job.

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the u s p lozenge of tannic acid contains 1 grain oftannic acid the quantity of guaiac as resin is but a fraction of 1 per cent yet it is said to imwriting to getting essay help formitol tablets “stimulant resolvent”properties and it is intimated that there is sufficient to be of valuein “paper of abscess of the throat and inflammation of the tissues ”the total acidity indicates the presence of about 2 per cent ofcitric acid or 1/4 grain per tablet yet this amount is said to be“antiseptic” and “aids in the general results ”while the presence of the drug hyoscyamus henbane was not positivelyidentified by microscopic examination, alkaloids were present the manufacturers claim that the tablets contain menthol yet onlya suggestion of menthol could be obtained from the odor however, the odor of methyl salicylate-- a constituent not declared in the“formula”-- predominated throughout the operations of analysis formitol tablets furnish a good illustration of essay well establishedbut often ignored truths:1 “formulas” that are nonquantitative are valueless or worse thanvalueless 2 the fact that a manufacturer puts certain drugs in a mixture, is noproof that these drugs are there when the mixture reaches the patient the physician must be assured that they are there when he prescribesthem 3 complex mixtures should be avoided it is absurd to expect, asis claimed in the case of formitol tablets, anodyne, antiseptic, astringent, expectorant, and resolvent action all at the sametime -- from the journal a m a , june 19, 1920 sukro-serum and aphlegmatol report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrytwo years ago, american newspapers contained accounts of an allegedcure for pulmonary tuberculosis “discovered” by prof domenico lomonaco of rome, italy at that time no reference to the “cure” couldbe found in medical journals which had come from italy and othereuropean countries the journal a m a , july 13, 1918, p 142 later, reports were published of experiments carried out in italy, according to which the intramuscular injection of solutions of sugar saccharose-- cane sugar diminished pulmonary secretion and was ofconsiderable value in the treatment of tuberculosis the journala m a , sept 28, 1918, p 1083 on the whole the reports of thetrial of what has been called the italian sugar cure for consumptionhave been unfavorable at a meeting in paris in october, 1918, drs louis rénon and mignot reported that they had found that the diseasein guinea-pigs was not modified by the treatment and with humans theresults were also negative paris letter, the journal a m a , nov 23, 1918, p 1760 in view of the exploitation of this treatment in the united statesby the anglo-french drug co , which offers “sukro-serum, ” and by g giambalvo & co , which sells “aphlegmatol, ” and because of inquiriesreceived, the council has authorized publication of the statement whichfollows w a puckner, secretary a circular issued by the anglo-french drug co , describes “sukro-serum”as a “sterilized solution of lacto-gluco-saccharose ” by reading thecircular to the end, however, one learns that “sukro-serum” is nota “serum” in the ordinary sense but apparently it is a solution ofordinary sugar sucrose “sukro-serum is a sterilized, speciallyprepared solution of saccharose ”sukro-serum has been advertised n y med jour , sept 6, 1919as an “intramuscular injection for tuberculosis” “ ready for usein paper of pulmonary and general tuberculosis” with the assertionthat “it is quite certain that in the near future sukro-serum will belargely used and its value fully recognized ” the circular receivedfrom the anglo-french drug co contains quotations from an article byprofessor lo monaco in the british medical journal aug 24, 1918setting forth the merits of intramuscular injections of sucrose intuberculosis it is recommended that “néocaine-surrénine” which theanglo-french drug co supplies be used for the control of pain whensukro-serum is injected the circular enclosed with a package of “aphlegmatol, ” purchased fromg giambalvo & co , contained the following with reference to thecomposition of this preparation. “a solution of hydrats of carbon after the formula of prof d lo monaco, director of the institut of physiological chemistry of the university of rome contents. Sucrose c₁₂h₂₂o₁₁ glucose and galactose c₆h₁₂o₆ ”the package contained ampules of thin, fragile, brown colored glass, containing approximately 2-1/2 c c of light, clear, amber colored, thick, sticky fluid, having a distinct caramel odor reactionp↓{h} 5 0 a reducing substance probably glucose amounting to 7 4per cent was found by using benedict method for estimating glucosequantitatively. After hydrolysis with hydrochloric acid, 55 5 percent glucose was found there was no reaction for albumin no attemptwas made to identify the sugars, as it seemed probable that in thepreparation caramel had been produced the circular which accompanied the package of aphlegmatol contained thefollowing information spelling and composition as in original aboutits use and effects. To be emploied where a large bronchial secretion is present in the respiratory branches disease the secretion will diminish and, in non complicated paper, it will completely disappear fever, cough, hemottisis, night perspiration, vomiting and difficulty of breathing are, in the meantime, diminuished aphlegmatol acts also as a riconstituent, being itself a nurrishing composition, improves the digestive function of the body and increases the arterial pressure 5 c c 2 phials of aphlegmatol per day must be injected intramuscularly in the gluteus if the patient wishes two injections may be made, one at the right immediately followed by a second one at the left the cure must not be interrupted untill essaytime after expectoration has disappeared, which result may be obtained only after fifty or sixty days, in the meantime the patient must be controlled by his home physician, especialy when thermal elevation of the body takes place improvement will be manifested on or about the tenth day of the first injection in the advertising circular, which is apparently intended for generaldistribution, much the same information is given as in the sheetenclosed with the ampules, except that in the directions we find:“if the injections are painful-- especially in paper where patientsare very emaciated-- physicians are advised to inject together withaphlegmatol, as an anesthetic, a vial with 1 c c solution of stovainat 3% ” the advertising for aphlegmatol contains thesis misspelled wordsand appears to be the work of those ignorant of the english language tuberculosis is a widespread disease and a majority of the uninformedare only too willing and ready to try such a “cure ” the preparationsappear to be nothing more than concentrated solutions of sugar itis probable that a small amount of the cane sugar might be invertedto glucose and fructose, but experiments have shown that cane sugarsubcutaneously administered in the small amounts used in thisinstance is largely excreted in the urine unchanged less is knownabout galactose, but the evidence available would indicate thatgalactose is largely excreted in the urine unchanged when givensubcutaneously glucose would be absorbed as such, and in the amountsunder consideration, used by the system much the same as when given bymouth -- from the journal a m a , aug 21, 1920 supsalvs not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following reportdeclaring supsalvs anglo-french drug company inadmissible to new andnonofficial remedies w a puckner, secretary supsalvs are advertised by the anglo-french drug company as “stablesuppositories of ‘606’ of french manufacture” with the claim thatby the rectal administration of these suppositories the effects ofarsphenamine may be obtained the asserted efficacy of supsalvsmedication is based in writing on the claim that for these suppositoriesan excipient was found which mixes with the cocoa butter base “to forman assimilable emulsion ” “the active principle and the vehicle being bound to one another, the mucous membrane is able to absorb both simultaneously and progressively in the form of an organic emulsion ”as no information was furnished the council by the anglo-french drugcompany on the origin or quality of the arsphenamine used in thepreparation of supsalvs or the character of the vehicle which was“bound” to the arsphenamine in such a way as to permit the absorptionof this combination in the form of an “organic emulsion, ” the firmwas requested to furnish. 1 evidence that the arsphenamine used insupsalvs complies with the n n r standards and that deteriorationof it does not occur in the preparation of the suppositories or onkeeping 2 the identity of the ingredients composing the suppository the anglo-french drug company did not supply the requested evidenceand consequently the council judged the preparation on the basis ofthe information received from the company, and that contained in theavailable advertising and circulars it found supsalvs inadmissibleto new and nonofficial remedies, first because the quality of themedicament contained in the suppositories has not been established, andsecond because the claimed efficacy of this preparation as a means ofsecuring the effects of arsphenamine lacks substantiating proof during the past few years essay french physicians have reportedfavorably on the intrarectal administration of arsphenamine boyd andjoseph at panama published the journal, aug 17, 1918, p 521 anenthusiastic report on intrarectal injection of arsphenamine but didnot refer to its use in the form of suppositories in a comprehensivereport, on the “treatment of syphilis” quarterly journal of medicine, july, 1917 l w harrison stated that arsphenamine salvarsan in theshape of an enema is definitely less effective than intravenously andthat “neisser and the vast majority of workers can see no value in therectal method ” schamberg and hirschler a safe and efficient intensivemethod of treating syphilis, therapeutic gazette, november, 1919, p 761 have given a rather thorough trial of this method. The resultswere most disappointing. “a certain or rather uncertain amount ofarsphenamine is absorbed into the blood, but the quantity is obviouslytoo small to be at all comparable in its effect with the intravenousadministration our conclusions are that the rectal administrationof arsphenamine or neoarsphenamine is an extremely feeble method ofadministering these drugs ”the report of the special committee on the manufacture, biologicalhistory and clinical administration of salvarsan and other substancesof the british national health insurance medical research committeecontains the following. “the rectal method of administration, either inthe form of solution or as suppositories, has been advocated by a fewobservers mainly for paper in which there is difficulty in the adoptionof the intravenous method the experiments made by mills at rochesterrow show that three enemata of ‘606’ 0 6 gm in each on successivedays failed to produce any effect on the spironemes in the lesions the general opinion of experienced workers is that the rectal methodis ineffective, and in this view the committee concur ”-- from thejournal a m a , oct 30, 1920 hypodermic solution no 13, iron, arsenic and phosphorus compound not accepted for n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary hypodermic solution no 13, iron, arsenic and phosphorus compound burdick-abel laboratory is said to contain in each c c. Ferrous citrate 0 06 gm sodium cacodylate 0 06 gm sodium glycerophosphate 0 1 gm chloretone 0 005 gm the preparation is advertised as “the old reliable hematinic” which is“indicated in all forms of anemia, where both red and white cells arelow ” it is for hypodermic or intramuscular administration the productis inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies because:1 it does not contain ferrous citrate as claimed instead the iron isin the ferric condition, apparently in the form of the unofficial andunstandardized “iron citrate green” for which there is no evidence ofsuperiority over the official iron and ammonium citrate 134134 iron citrate green, the journal a m a , jan 12, 1917, p 135;reports council pharm and chem , 1916, p 42 2 its name gives no information on the form in which the iron, thearsenic and the phosphorus occur therein the term “arsenic” doesnot indicate whether the mild cacodylate or the potent arsenousoxid is being administered nor does the term “phosphorus” tell thephysician that he is administering the practically inert sodiumglycerophosphate 135-- from the journal a m a , nov 13, 1920 135 glycerophosphates, the journal a m a , sept 30, 1916, p 1033. Reports council pharm and chem , 1916, p 32 sodiumglycerophosphates reports council pharm and chem , 1916, p 52 parathesin not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary the local anesthetic ethyl paraminobenzoate was first introduced as“anesthesin” or “anæsthesin ” ethyl paraminobenzoate is not patentedin the united states and it may be manufactured, therefore, by anyfirm which chooses to do so in order that a common name by which todesignate the drug might be available, the council coined the name“benzocaine, ” as being short and easily remembered, but yet suggestiveof its composition and character “benzo” to indicate its derivationfrom benzoic acid and “caine” to indicate its cocaine-like properties as the term “anesthesin” had become a common name for the drug, thecouncil recognized this as a synonym for benzocaine one of the accepted brands for benzocaine is “anesthesin, ”manufactured by the h a metz laboratories, inc see new andnonofficial remedies, 1920, p 33 however, on april 19, 1920, themetz laboratories requested that its product be recognized underthe designation of “parathesin ” as the use of one substance underseveral names causes confusion and retards rational therapeutics, thecouncil rules provide against the recognition of proprietary namesfor nonproprietary, established drugs in view of this and becausethe legitimate interests of the manufacturer may be safeguardedby appending his name or initials to the common name, benzocaineor anesthesin, the council voted not to recognize the designation“parathesin ”-- from the journal a m a , nov 13, 1920 chlorlyptus report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe condensed report on chlorlyptus which follows and also a completedetailed report was sent to the proprietor, jan 9, 1920 in replyhe requested that publication be postponed pending the submission offurther clinical evidence as after nine months this evidence had notbeen received the council has authorized publication of its report w a puckner, secretary chlorlyptus is manufactured by chas a weeks, trading as the weekschemical company, philadelphia it is prepared by chlorinatingeucalyptus oil until it has bound 30 per cent of chlorin, the chlorinbeing in relatively stable combination it is claimed that chlorlyptusis a new “chlorinated antiseptic, ” highly efficient as a woundantiseptic and at the same time nonirritant and nontoxic chlorlyptusis offered for use in the treatment of local infections of all types, as well as of burns, and also as an antiseptic in the alimentary andgenito-urinary tracts the claims were based largely on reports of investigations made byphilip b hawk and his collaborators these reports the refereeof the committee in charge of chlorlyptus considered incompleteand unconvincing being advised of this mr weeks caused furtherinvestigations to be made essay of the information was checked andextended by the a m a chemical laboratory and by the referee the laboratory side of the investigation may now be considered ascomplete the results show that chlorlyptus is a feeble antiseptic ofthe aromatic oil type, considerably weaker than eucalyptus oil, bothas to therapeutic and toxic qualities the chlorin contained in it isbound too firmly to have any action.