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Or in chronic paper, 1/100 to 1/30 grain per day, continued indefinitely this dosage appears high, if a really activepreparation is used finally, free essay editor the name “rheumalgine” encourages thoughtless and unscientificprescribing if a mixture is used at all, the prescriber should beconstantly reminded of its composition it is therefore recommended that rheumalgine be held in conflict withrules 6 unwarranted therapeutic claims, 8 nondescriptive name and10 unscientific composition -- from the journal a m a , june 26, 1915 gray glycerine tonic report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council adopted the following report and authorized its publication w a puckner, secretary gray glycerine tonic comp purdue frederick company, new york isa mixture said to be made according to a prescription of the late dr john p gray, superintendent of the state hospital, utica, new york asto the composition, the following statement is furnished by the company. “this preparation is a combination of glycerine, sherry wine, gentian, taraxacum and phosphoric acid with carminatives ”the label declares the presence of 11 per cent alcohol, and the doseis given at from two teaspoonfuls to a tablespoonful a study ofthe ingredients will show that, aside from the alcohol, the mixturecontains but one really active drug, gentian essentially, then, “gray glycerine tonic” is a mixture which, in addition to thenarcotic effect of the alcohol, depends on a bitter, gentian, forwhatever therapeutic action it may possess the bitters, of which gentian is a type, were once credited withthesis therapeutic virtues which time has shown they do not possess pharmacologic research has demonstrated that their utility consists instimulating the appetite through their action on the taste buds onthis account they were believed also to increase the secretion of thegastric juice by a psychic impression more recently, however, eventhis has been questioned-- by carlson, for instance these facts are fully understood, presumably, by all physicians yet, according to the advertising circular, this “tonic, ” which, for allpractical purposes, is merely a simple bitter, is good for thirty-twodiseases ranging from amenorrhea to whooping cough!. The conditions in which gray glycerine tonic is asserted to beespecially efficient are described on the label of the bottle and theoutside wrapper, in popular terms, more or less typical of “patentmedicine” exploitation, such as “catarrhal conditions, ” and “stomachderangements ” similar statements are contained in the leafletaccompanying the trade package for instance.

Whether the person whofires a gun or pistol during a dark night can be identified by meansof the light produced during the discharge this question was firstnegatively answered by a class in physical science in france, whereaslater a case tending to show that their decision was erroneous wassubsequently reported by fodere a woman positively swore that shesaw the face of the prisoner, who fired at another during the night, surrounded by a kind of glory, and that she was thereby enabled toidentify him this statement was confirmed by the deposition of thewounded writingy desgranges, of lyons, performed thesis experiments onthis subject, and he concluded that away from every source of lightthe prisoner who fired the free essay editor gun might be identified within a moderatedistance. If the flash were very strong, the smoke very dense, and thedistance great, the person firing the piece could not be identified the question was raised in england in the case of reg v white atthe croydon autumn assizes, 1839 a gentleman was shot at while drivinghome on a dark night, being wounded in the leg when he saw the flashof the gun he saw that the piece was levelled toward him, and thelight of the flash enabled him to recognize at once the features ofthe accused in cross-examination he said he was quite sure he couldsee the prisoner and was not mistaken as to his identity. But theaccused was skilfully defended and he was acquitted a similar case wastried at the lewes lent assizes, 1862, reg v stapley the prisonershot at the prosecutor on a dark december evening, and the latterswore that he distinctly saw the prisoner by the flash of the gun andcould identify him by the light on his features his evidence wascorroborated and the man was convicted a case is also quoted, rex v haines, in which essay police officials were shot at by a highwaymanduring a dark night one of these stated that he could distinctly seefrom the flash of the pistol that the robber rode a dark-brown horseof remarkable shape, and that he had since identified the horse at astable in london he also was positive that the prisoner had on a roughbrown great-coat there seems to be enough evidence in this direction to show thatidentification under these circumstances is occasionally possible general medico-legal considerations the result of the wonderful advance in the practice of surgerymade during the past fifteen years has been in a large measure torevolutionize the treatment of gunshot wounds, and inasmuch as theresult of thesis homicidal attempts will depend in large measure uponwhat the surgeon can do for the victim of assault, it may not be amissto very briefly epitomize in this place essaything of what modernsurgeons believe with regard to the best treatment of bullet-wounds, expressed in a general way they have learned, among other things, that the harm which a bullet does is done by it during its flight, andthat after it has come to a stop it is, per se, an almost invariablyharmless foreign body this is practically always the case unless ithas carried in with it foreign material which may serve as a source ofseptic infection in time past there has always been a strong feeling, which had, however, nothing scientific to justify it, that every gunshot wound wasa poisoned one of late, since bacteriology has attained the proportionof a science, it has been held that bullets were necessarily sterilizedby the heat of the discharge of powder behind them very recentlydr b von beck, medical director of the 14th german army corps, hasmade experiments upon the amount of heat imwritinged to leaden and otherbullets after firing after making an allowance for specific heat andthe conductivity of the different metals used, he found that even whenthe projectiles encountered resistance from three to four times greaterthan that offered by the human body the results were as follows:temperature of leaden bullets of 45 calibre, when recovered, 69° c ;of 30 calibre, covered with steel, when recovered, 78° c. Of 30calibre, covered with copper, when recovered, 101° c he states thatthese experiments disprove the theory that certain lesions in woundscan be in any way attributed to the heat imwritinged by the bullet while these experiments prove that the bullets may be heated to theabove degrees when recovered, they by no means prove that they are soheated at the time when they inflicted the wound during the year 1892essay very interesting experiments were carried on by dr lagarde, ofthe army medical dewritingment new york medical journal, oct 22d, 1892, p 458 he experimented by deliberately infecting bullets andthen firing them into cotton, and animals as well, studying the effectboth on the bullets themselves and upon the animals essay of thesebullets were taken from the original packages, while others had beenintentionally rolled in dirt the experiments were carefully carriedout and appear reliable, and the conclusions given by the author, whichinterest us here, are as follows. 1 the vast majority of cartridges in original packages are sterileor free from septic germs because of the disinfection and absolutecleanliness observed in the process of their manufacture 2 the majority of gunshot wounds are aseptic because the vastmajority of the projectiles inflicting them are either sterile or freefrom septic germs 3 the heat developed by the act of firing is not sufficient todestroy all the organic matter of the projectile, the cherished notionsof three centuries or more to the contrary notwithstanding the results as set forth justify the assumption that a septic bulletcan infect a gunshot wound the average bullet-wound, however, is sterile so far as infection from the bullet is concerned, andin accordance with this view of its usual innocence there need beno longer the clamor for removal of the missile which the fears ofprevious generations have nearly always called for. And the bestpractice among military surgeons of to-day is rather to let thebullet remain where lodged than to make a more serious wound for itsremoval exceptions to this rule occur only in paper where operationis called for on account of injury done by the bullet while still inmotion it is also held to be a violation of simple physiologicaland surgical rules to probe or carelessly search for a bullet whoselocation cannot be made out from a study of signs and symptoms in agiven case the act of probing breaks up blood-clot, often brings onfresh hemorrhage, is in a majority of paper unsatisfactory, frequentlyintroduces specific elements from without, and really gives little, ifany, more information than can be gathered from a study of the casewithout the use of the probe if every ordinary bullet-wound which didnot call for immediate operation because of injury to essay essentialor vital writing such as a large blood-vessel or nerve-trunk, or essay ofthe viscera were antiseptically and hermetically sealed at the veryoutset, there would be a much smaller percentage of death from gunshotwounds, either in civil or military practice, than now obtains and itmight be a matter upon which to go to the jury whether violation ofsuch rules, to-day, does not mitigate the offence of the accused recent discoveries in so-called cerebral localization have instigatednumerous operations upon the skull and brain for the relief ofpressure, as from blood-clot, or for removal of depressed bone or abullet which twenty years ago would have been impossible the brain isno longer the terra incognita of the past generation of medical men, and it is now often possible for the surgeon to intervene in such a wayas to save life in paper previously considered hopeless. In fact, suchis now his duty when consent can be gained, and it should be held thathe is culpable when deficient in general knowledge in this respect in wounds of the thoracic cavity it should now be held that so longas air has entered through a bullet-wound there are paper where freeincision, even with removal of ribs, can scarcely increase the dangers, while permitting opportunity for much more accurate exploration anddetermination of life-saving methods the experiments of numerousinvestigators, the writer included, have shown that bullet-wounds ofthe heart need not be always and invariably fatal, and have affordedan element of hope from the possible surgery of even this organ thewriter looks forward to the time when essay accomplished yet daringsurgeon, getting the right patient at the right time and in the rightplace, i e , where conveniences are at hand, shall, in essay case ofperforating wound of the pericardium or of the heart itself, resectessay portion of the anterior thoracic wall, lay open the pericardium, maintaining meanwhile artificial respiration if necessary, and suturea wound in the heart-substance, thereafter closing the pericardiumand external wound, and save life which would otherwise be surelysacrificed with others he has done this upon animals, hence why may itnot be done in man?. In the mean time for, first, the recognition and, second, the surgicaltreatment of perforating wounds of the abdominal viscera, americansurgeons have won for themselves the greatest credit, and an alreadylong list of successful laparotomies after gunshot wounds of theintestines, with intestinal suture or resection, has shown the verygreat value of this procedure, even though it has kept essay would-bemurderers from the gallows these lines are inserted here because the time and effort whichsurgeons have devoted to this kind of surgery deserve only the highestencomiums and encouragement from the legal profession, although to ourdeep regret they have not always met with the same of the various conditions which complicate gunshot wounds and maketheir results uncertain, delirium tremens is one of the commonest and must always beregarded as one of the most serious it is well known to surgeonsthat a slight injury even, and often a severe one, is enough toprovoke manifestations of this character in intemperate persons themedico-legal question under these circumstances is this. Would thesame amount of injury have been likely to cause death in a person ofordinary health and vigor?. the law as applied to these paper has beenstated by lord hale.

No frothy mucus in free essay editor bronchi in the dog the tongue did not protrude and was not swollen. Right cavities of heart contained blood, left empty. Brain and other organs normal in the cat, the lungs were uniformly congested, dark red. No ecchymoses in the dog, the lungs were much distended, posterior borders mottled violet. Emphysematous patches on surface. No apoplectic effusions. Subpleural ecchymoses bright red, irregular, clearly defined in outer surface, most numerous toward the roots and on the lower lobes pellereau875 gives an account of hanging as seen by him in warm climates he had not seen the elongation of the neck described nor the erection of the penis, nor subconjunctival ecchymoses, nor fracture of larynx, nor rupture of walls of carotid artery, nor subpleural ecchymoses, nor fracture of vertebra he always found a mark on the neck. The left cavities of the heart always empty, the right always full of black blood mackenzie says that in 130 paper of suicidal hanging, the protrusion of the tongue between the teeth, the open and protruding eyes, clinched hands, and blue nails were very frequent, the tongue was found bitten thesis times, there were urethral and rectal discharges and rupture of carotid artery the penis was found erect several times the hyoid bone fractured 24 times in 93 paper in no case was the larynx or vertebra fractured in 73 paper ropes were used.

Wheat, maize, rice, whole grain wheat germ wheat, maize, bran linseed, millet dried peas, lentils, etc soy beans, haricot beans germinated pulses or cereals vegetables and fruits. Cabbage, fresh raw cabbage, fresh cooked cabbage, dried very slight cabbage, canned very slight swede rutabaga raw expressed juice lettuce spinach dried carrots, fresh raw carrots, dried very slight beetroot, raw, expressed juice less than potatoes, raw potatoes, cooked beans, fresh, scarlet runners, raw onions, cooked at least lemon juice, fresh lemon juice, preserved lime juice, fresh lime juice, preserved very slight orange juice, fresh raspberries apples bananas very slight tomatoes canned nuts miscellaneous. Yeast, dried yeast, extract and autolyzed ?. malt extract in essay specimens our knowledge of vitaminscommenting on the trend of medical research concerning vitamins, thelatest report of the british medical research council says:the present situation is a curious one, upon which posterity willprobably look back with great interest we still have almost noknowledge of the nature of these elusive food substances or of theirmode of action, but we have gained empiric knowledge already of thegreatest practical value for the prevention of scurvy and of othergrave diseases and for the promotion of health and beauty in thepopulation this statement, it will be noted, emphasizes the foundation on whichrests our present use of vitamins from time to time the journalhas commented on our lack of actual knowledge of these mysterioussubstances, emphasizing writingicularly the generally accepted fact thatthe taking of a well-balanced diet results in providing the individualwith such vitamins as are necessary to his growth and nutrition lastweek appeared a brief report of a meeting of the chicago medicalsociety devoted to this subject, and it was gratifying to have theconservative view which the journal has emphasized substantiated bythesis of those who took writing in the discussion moreover, the britishmedical journal, in its leading editorial for february 11, reiteratesthat an abundant supply of vitamins exists in all fresh vegetables, and that a considerable quantity occurs in milk and meat, providedthe latter substances are obtained from animals fed on fresh foods “a normal adult, ” it says, “living on an ordinary diet containing areasonable proportion of fresh vegetables is, therefore, certain ofobtaining a plentiful supply of vitamins ” of all the mass of evidencewhich has accumulated relative to these substances, this fact is thepoint of greatest importance it is, however, very unfortunately, the one point which those commercially inclined are unwilling torecognize -- editorial from the journal a m a , march 11, 1922 the demand for vitaminsthus the british medical journal in its current issue:in spite of the fact that ordinary fresh foods are the simplest, cheapest and richest sources of vitamins, the public apparently demandsto be supplied with vitamins in the form of medicinal products the public “demands” vitamins in pill form!. why?.

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Mix them together, and make of them anelectuary according to art culpeper i like not the receipt taken inwardly electuarium reginæ coloniens college take of the seeds of saxifrage and gromwell, juice ofliquorice, of each half an ounce, the seeds of caraway, annis, smallage, fennel, parsley of macedonia, broom, carrots, bruscus, asparagus, lovage, cummin, juniper, rue, siler mountain, the seeds ofacorus, pennyroyal, cinquefoyl, bayberries, of each two drams, indianspikenard, schœnanth, amber, valerian, hog fennel, lapis lincis, ofeach a dram and an half, galanga, ginger, turbith, of each two drams, sena an ounce, goat blood prepared half an ounce, mix them together:first beat them into powder, then make them into an electuary accordingto art, with three times their weight in sugar dissolved in white wine culpeper it is an excellent remedy for the stone and wind cholic, adram of it free essay editor taken every morning. I assure such as are troubled with suchdiseases, i commend it to them as a jewel pills culpeper pills in greek are called, katopotia, in latin, pilulæ. Which signifies little balls, because they are made up insuch a form, that they may be the better swallowed down, by reason ofthe offensiveness of their taste pilulæ de agarico or pills of agarick college take of agarick three drams, our own blue orris roots, mastich, horehound, of each one dram, turbith five drams, specieshiera picra half an ounce, colocynthis, sarcocol, of each two drams, myrrh one dram, sapa as much as is sufficient to make it into a massaccording to art culpeper it was invented to cleanse the breast and lungs of flegm, it works pretty strongly half a dram at a time keeping yourselfwarm, cannot well do you harm, unless your body be very weak pilulæ aggregativæ college take of citron, myrobalans, rhubarb, of each half anounce, juice of agrimony and wormwood made thick, of each two drams, diagridium five drams, agarick, colocynthis, polypodium of each twodrams, turbith, aloes, of each six drams, mastich, red roses, sal gem epithymum, annis, ginger, of each a dram, with syrup of damask roses, make it into a mass according to art culpeper it purges the head of choler, flegm and melancholy, andthat stoutly. It is good against quotidian agues, and faults in thestomach and liver, yet because it is well corrected if you take buthalf a dram at a time, and keep yourself warm, i suppose you may takeit without danger pilulæ alœphanginæ college take of cinnamon, cloves, cardamoms the less, nutmegs, mace, calamus aromaticus, carpobalsamum, or juniper berries, squinanth, wood of aloes, yellow sanders, red roses dried, wormwood, of each halfan ounce, let the tincture be taken out of these, being grossly bruisedin spirit of wine, the vessel being close stopped.