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Example Of Analysis Essay


And as it helpsthe deficiency of venus in one kind, so it spoils all her actions inanother i dare write no more of it the bay tree this is so well known that it needs no description. I shall thereforeonly write the virtues thereof, which are thesis government and virtues i shall but only add a word or two to whatmy friend has written, viz , that it is a tree of the sun, and underthe celestial sign leo, and resists witchcraft very potently, as alsoall the evils old saturn can do to the body of man, and they are nota few. For it is the speech of one, and i am mistaken if it were notmizaldus, that neither witch nor devil, thunder nor lightning, willhurt a man in the place where a bay-tree is galen said, that theleaves or bark do dry and heal very much, and the berries more than theleaves. The bark of the root is less sharp and hot, but more bitter, and hath essay astriction withal whereby it is effectual to break thestone, and good to open obstructions of the liver, spleen, and otherinward writings, which bring the jaundice, dropsy, &c the berries arevery effectual against all poison of venomous creatures, and the stingof wasps and bees. As also against the pestilence, or other infectiousdiseases, and therefore put into sundry treacles for that purpose. Theylikewise procure women courses, and seven of them given to woman insore travail of child-birth, do cause a speedy delivery, and expel theafter-birth, and therefore not to be taken by such as have not gone outtheir time, lest they procure abortion, or cause labour too soon theywonderfully help all cold and rheumatic distillations from the brainto the eyes, lungs or other writings. And being made into an electuarywith honey, do help the consumption, old coughs, shortness of breath, and thin rheums. As also the megrim they mightily expel the wind, andprovoke urine. Help the mother, and kill the worms the leaves alsowork the like effect a bath of the decoction of leaves and berries, issingularly good for women to sit in, that are troubled with the mother, or the diseases thereof, or the stoppings of their courses, or for thediseases of the bladder, pains in the bowels by wind and stoppage ofthe urine a decoction likewise of equal writings of bay-berries, cumminseed, hyssop, origanum, and euphorbium, with essay honey, and the headbathed therewith, wonderfully helps distillations and rheums, andsettles the pallate of the mouth into its place the oil made of theberries is very comfortable in all cold griefs of the joints, nerves, arteries, stomach, belly, or womb, and helps palsies, convulsions, cramp, aches, tremblings, and numbness in any writing, weariness also, andpains that come by sore travelling all griefs and pains proceedingfrom wind, either in the head, stomach, back, belly, or womb, byanointing the writings affected therewith. And pains in the ears are alsocured by dropping in essay of the oil, or by receiving into the earsthe fume of the decoction of the berries through a funnel the oiltakes away the marks of the skin and flesh by bruises, falls, &c anddissolves the congealed blood in them it helps also the itch, scabs, and weals in the skin beans both the garden and field beans are so well known, that it saves me thelabour of writing any description of them the virtues follow government and virtues they are plants of venus, and the distilledwater of the flower of garden beans is good to clean the face andskin from spots and wrinkles, and the meal or flour of them, or thesmall beans doth the same the water distilled from the green husk, is held to be very effectual against the stone, and to provoke urine bean flour is used in poultices to assuage inflammations arising fromwounds, and the swelling of women breasts caused by the curdling oftheir milk, and represses their milk.

At once, after five minutes, after ten minutes, after fifteen minutes, after thirty minutes, and after one hour tubes were incubated at 37 c for forty-eight hours result. All tubes remained sterile the germicidal action of chlorlyptus on streptococcus suspended in oil was almost at once and with certainty after five minutes when added in the proportion of 1, 5 and 10 per cent experiment 8 -- germicidal action of chlorlyptus on staphylococcus, suspended in sterile olive oil -- the technic employed was the same as in experiment 5, except that a culture of staphylococcus was used result. All tubes remained sterile the germicidal action of chlorlyptus was almost at once in the proportions of 1, 5 and 10 per cent remarks. By repeating this experiment the result showed essay variations the discrepancy was probably due to an imperfect suspension of the micro-organism in the oil experiment 9 -- germicidal action of carbolic acid on streptococcus suspended in olive oil -- the technic employed was the same as in experiment 5, except that carbolic acid was used instead of chlorlyptus result. The germicidal action of carbolic acid of streptococcus suspended in olive oil was almost at once in the proportions of 1, 5 and 10 experiment 10 -- germicidal action of chlorlyptus on staphylococcus -- the technic employed was the same as in experiment 6 except that the carbolic acid was used instead of chlorlyptus result. The germicidal action of carbolic acid on staphylococcus suspended in olive oil was almost at once, in proportions of 1, 5 and 10 per cent experiment 11 -- germicidal action of chlorlyptus on pyogenic bacteria suspended in pus -- chlorlyptus was added to sterile pus in the proportions of 1, 5 and 10 per cent , and then inoculated with staphylococcus and cultures were made in bouillon at once, after five minutes, after ten minutes, after fifteen minutes, after thirty minutes, after one hour and after two hours, respectively, and tubes incubated for forty-eight hours at 37 c result. Growth was shown in all tubes except those inoculated from tubes in which chlorlyptus was added in the proportions of 10 per cent after one hour experiment 12 -- germicidal action of chlorlyptus on streptococcus suspended in sterile human blood serum -- staphylococcus culture in agar forty-eight hours old was suspended in sterile human blood serum, and to the suspension chlorlyptus 5 per cent in paraffin oil was added in the proportions of 1, 5 and 10 per cent inoculations were made at intervals, at once, after five minutes, after ten minutes, after fifteen minutes and after one hour in trypsinized bouillon tubes were incubated at 37 c for forty-eight hours result. Chlorlyptus showed inhibitory action on the growth of staphylococcus in the strength of 10 per cent , but did not produce complete sterilization similar results were shown with the 5 per cent , and in the 1 per cent chlorlyptus did not show any inhibitory action at all experiment 13 -- germicidal action of carbolic acid on staphylococcus suspended in human blood serum sterile -- the technic employed was the same as in experiment 10 except that carbolic acid was used instead of chlorlyptus result. Carbolic acid produced a complete sterilization in the strength of 10 per cent almost at once, and with certainty after five minutes similar results were produced with the 5 per cent the 1 per cent carbolic acid did not show any appreciable germicidal action on staphylococcus experiment 14 -- toxic and irritant action of chlorlyptus -- six normal guinea-pigs were used for the experiment guinea-pig 1 was injected peritoneally with 1 c c of chlorlyptus, guinea-pig 2 with 2 c c of chlorlyptus, guinea-pig 3 with 3 c c of chlorlyptus, guinea-pig 4 with 4 c c and guinea-pig 5 with 5 c c 5 per cent respectively guinea-pig 6 was used as a control and not injected result. Guinea-pigs 1 and 2 did not show any appreciable disturbance guinea-pig 3 was sick for four days, after which it gradually recovered but it became sick again after one week and died ten days after the injection guinea-pig 4 died over night guinea-pig 5 died six hours after injection guinea-pig 5 was injected at 11:30 with 5 c c chlorlyptus ten minutes after the injection it was lying relaxed, respiration and heart normal, conjunctive reflex present one hour after the injection the animal seemed to present symptoms resembling those of narcosis.

Applied to the forehead they help inflammations of theeyes melons, have few other virtues apricots, are very grateful to the stomach, and dry up the humoursthereof peaches are held to do the like cubebs, are hot and dry in the third degree, they expel wind, andcleanse the stomach of tough and viscous humours, they ease the painsof the spleen, and help cold diseases of the womb, they cleanse thehead of flegm and strengthen the brain, they heat the stomach andprovoke venery bitter almonds, are hot in the first degree and dry in the second, they cleanse and cut thick humours, cleanse the lungs, and eaten everymorning, they are held to preserve from drunkenness bay-berries, heat, expel wind, mitigate pain. Are excellent for coldinfirmities of the womb, and dropsies cherries, are of different qualities according to their differenttaste, the sweet are quickest of digestion, but the sour are morepleasing to a hot stomach, and procure appetite to one meat medlars, are strengthening to the stomach, binding, and the green aremore binding than the rotten, and the dry than the green olives, cool and bind english-currants, cool the stomach, and are profitable in acutefevers, they quench thirst, resist vomiting, cool the heat of choler, provoke appetite, and are good for hot complexions services, or chockers are of the nature of medlars, but essaythingweaker in operation barberries, quench thirst, cool the heat of choler, resist thepestilence, stay vomiting and fluxes, stop the menses, kill worms, helpspitting of blood, fasten the teeth, and strengthen the gums strawberries, cool the stomach, liver, and blood, but are veryhurtful for such as have agues winter-cherries, potently provoke urine, and break the stone cassia-fistula, is temperate in quality, gently purgeth choler andflegm, clarifies the blood, resists fevers, cleanses the breast andlungs, it cools the reins, and thereby resists the breeding of thestone, it provokes urine, and therefore is exceeding good for therunning of the reins in men, and the fluor albus in women all the sorts or myrobalans, purge the stomach. The indianmyrobalans, are held to purge melancholy most especially, the otherflegm. Yet take heed you use them not in stoppings of the bowels. Theyare cold and dry, they all strengthen the heart, brain, and sinews, strengthen the stomach, relieve the senses, take away tremblings andheart-qualms they are seldom used alone prunes, are cooling and loosening tamarinds, are cold and dry in the second degree, they purge choler, cool the blood, stay vomiting, help the yellow jaundice, quench thirst, cool hot stomachs, and hot livers i omit the use of these also as resting confident a child of threeyears old, if you should give it raisins of the sun or cherries wouldnot ask how it should take them seeds or grains coriander seed, hot and dry, expels wind, but is hurtful to the head;sends up unwholeessay vapours to the brain, dangerous for mad people fenugreek seeds, are of a softening, discussing nature, they ceaseinflammations, be they internal or external. Bruised and mixed withvinegar they ease the pains of the spleen. Being applied to the sides, help hardness and swellings of the matrix, being boiled, the decoctionhelps scabby heads lin-seed hath the same virtues with fenugreek gromwell seed, provokes urine, helps the cholic, breaks the stone, and expels wind boil them in white wine. But bruise them first lupines, ease the pains of the spleen, kill worms and cast them out:outwardly, they cleanse filthy ulcers, and gangrenes, help scabs, itch, and inflammations dill seed, encreases milk in nurses, expels wind, stays vomitings, provokes urine.

the substances added in the instances referred to-- phenol and methylene blue are not in any way calculated to lessen the toxicity of serum the element of danger existing in the indiscriminate use of serums intravenously is, in my opinion, increased by the addition of the substances mentioned, and it would be unwise to encourage the general use of any such remedies furthermore the products are condemned by the very evidence of the originators and their admissions are quite sufficient to deter anyone from using the products as they suggest as to the intraprostatic injections with the serums it does not at all meet my views. Although the introduction of serums by this route have been frequently advocated and i have personally carried this mode out i cannot allow the impression to go out that it could be done in a routine manner-- nor that no ill results could follow-- for i have seen otherwise furthermore from theoretical standpoint serums need not be given in this way in consideration of the opinion expressed by the councilconsultants the referee recommended that normal phenol serum canoand methyl-phenol serum cano be declared ineligible for new andnonofficial remedies because of conflict with rule 6 unwarrantedtherapeutic claims without considering possible conflicts with otherrules, and that publication of the report be authorized -- fromreports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1919, p 85 soamin omitted from n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrysoamin is the name under which the firm of burroughs wellcome andcompany sells its brand of sodium arsanilate the council directed theomission of soamin from new and nonofficial remedies and authorizedpublication of the report which appears below after the proprietors ofthe product had declined to withdraw or suitably revise the unwarrantedtherapeutic claims which it made w a puckner, secretary the proprietary brand “soamin” of sodium arsanilate was admitted tonew and nonofficial remedies several years ago at a time when thetherapeutic value of arsanilic acid had not been definitely determined experience with this drug has shown that it is far more dangerousand also has a more limited field of usefulness than was at firstrecognized the proprietors of the soamin brand have continued toinclude in the list of conditions in which it “would seem” to be a“very effective agent” cerebrospinal meningitis and pellagra. In fact, meningitis is the first in the list of conditions mentioned, syphilisthe second and pellagra third in support of their belief in theefficacy of the remedy in meningitis, three reports, published fromsix to nine years ago, are quoted in one of these it is stated thattwo patients “were cured”. In another report, seven of eight patientsin whom the clinical, but not the microscopic, diagnosis of meningitishad been made were reported as having recovered. In the third report, fifty-six of ninety paper were reported cured. In this larger series ofpaper the author neglects to state the method of administration thefirm quotes but one paper which is a very uncritical report in regardto pellagra it seems to the council that the evidence of value of sodium arsanilatein these conditions which are now treated by more rational methods istoo slight to justify the emphasis laid on it by the firm, especiallyas sodium arsanilate is admittedly a dangerous agent, several paper ofblindness having been reported from its use for these reasons it was voted to omit soamin from new and nonofficialremedies -- from reports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1919, p 89 essay mixed vaccines not admitted to n n r report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report w a puckner, secretary the consideration of the following “mixed” vaccines was requested byf i lackenbach, san francisco. Special bacterial vaccine no 2 staph-strep bacterin containing killed staphylococcus albus, staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus special bacterial vaccine no 3 pneumo-staph-strep bacterin containing killed staphylococcus albus, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus and pneumococcus special bacterial vaccine no 4 pneumo-staph-strep-coli bacterin containing killed staphylococcus albus, staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus citreus, bacillus coli, streptococcus and pneumococcus special bacterial vaccine no 5 influenza combined bacterin containing killed staphylococcus albus, staphylococcus aureus, bacillus friedländer, bacillus influenzae, micrococcus catarrhalis, streptococcus and pneumococcus special bacterial vaccine no 11 pneumo-strep bacterin containing killed streptococcus and pneumococcus special bacterial vaccine no 15 combined whooping cough bacterin containing killed bacillus pertussis, staphylococcus albus, staphylococcus aureus, micrococcus catarrhalis, bacillus influenzae, streptococcus and pneumococcus special bacterial vaccine no 16 mixed gonococcus bacterin containing killed gonococcus, staphylococcus albus, staphylococcus aureus, bacillus coli, diphtheroid bacillus, streptococcus and pneumococcus mr lackenbach states that these bacterial mixtures were preparedfor him by e r squibb & sons their sale in interstate commerce ispermitted under the license granted to the latter firm by the u s treasury dewritingment however, no evidence of any kind was presentedto the council proving the therapeutic efficacy of the several mixedvaccines as a mixture of two or more kinds of organisms is acceptedfor new and nonofficial remedies only if there is satisfactory evidencethat its therapeutic use is rational, the council declared the severalvaccine mixtures ineligible for new and nonofficial remedies rule10 -- from reports of council on pharmacy and chemistry, 1919, p 90 somnoform report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council examined the available evidence for somnoform, sold bystratford-cookson company, successors to e de trey and sons, and foundthe preparation inadmissible to new and nonofficial remedies thecouncil authorized publication of the report which appears below w a puckner, secretary somnoform is sold in the united states by stratford-cookson company, successors to e de trey and sons according to the label on a packageof somnoform sent the council “this mixture contains chloride of ethyl, 83 per cent. Chloride of methyl, 16 per cent. Bromide of ethyl, 1 per cent ”although somnoform has been on the market for a long time, thepublished reports present no proof that it is superior to ethylchlorid used alone moreover, the published reports and statistics donot necessarily apply to the somnoform now sold for the reason thatmixtures of varying composition have been sold as somnoform in thepast thus, when somnoform was considered by the council in 1909, itwas claimed to be composed of chloride of ethyl, 60 per cent. Chlorideof methyl, 35 per cent , and bromide of ethyl, 5 per cent federalchemists found, however, that it contained no bromide of ethyl noticeof judgment no 571 it is a question, therefore, whether a givenreport applies to a mixture containing 5 per cent bromide of ethyl, 1per cent of this substance, or none at all the present advertising booklet for somnoform does not presentacceptable evidence of the therapeutic value of the preparation an ignorance concerning the elementary facts of physiology andpharmacology is evident in the second sentence. When having stated that“somnoform is the result of several years of study and investigation bydr george rolland, dean of the bordeau dental school, ” the pamphletcontinues. “he sought an anesthetic which would enter, dwell in, andleave the body in the same manner that oxygen does ”the claim as to the value of the 1 per cent of ethyl bromide in themixture is highly improbable. Certainly no evidence in support of theclaimed value of this constituent is available to the referee no evidence is submitted which proves the claim of superiority ofsomnoform over similar preparations, asserted in the following.

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The eyes were fixedand glassy it was essay time before he regained consciousness and fortwo days there was malaise hofmann says that the compression irritates and, in a higher degree, paralyzes the pneumogastric nerves and causes disturbance of the actionof the heart faure810 denies that example of analysis essay the constriction of the vessels of the neck hasany effect in the production of symptoms811 coutagne believes that the pressure on the pneumogastric nerve is a factor in causing death he hung two dogs. In one the pneumogastric nerves were dissected out and placed in front of the ligature. This dog no 1 lived a quarter of an hour and died of pure asphyxia with efforts at inspiration continued to the end the other dog no 2, in which the nerves were compressed, died in five minutes in both, the abdominal organs were congested and the cavities of the heart were full the lungs of the first were dry and uniformly red. Of the second were resisting, crepitant, and quite œdematous no subpleural ecchymoses in either the experiments on animals by corin812 led him to conclude that pressure on the pneumogastrics caused increased frequency of the heart-beat and slowing of respiration pellier813 considers the subject quite fully it would appear that the pressure on the pneumogastrics disposes to stop the action of the heart and cause rapid, perhaps instant death the pressure on the carotids causes cerebral anæmia and is then only a secondary cause levy814 does not think the action of the pneumogastrics is sufficiently well known tidy states that a dog lived for three hours suspended by a rope placedabove an opening in the windpipe. And that smith815 mentions the caseof a criminal who was hung. Chovet tried to save the man by making anopening in the trachea before the execution and introducing a smalltube the man was alive forty-five minutes after the drop, but couldnot be resuscitated, although the surgeon bled him in a small proportion of paper of hanging, homicidal and judicial, death occurs by dislocation of the spine this is said to have beenfirst noticed by the celebrated louis, who states that the parisexecutioner was in the habit of giving a violent rotary movement tothe body of the convict as the trap was sprung, causing a dislocationof the odontoid process and compression of the cord and almost instantdeath taylor816 says that for dislocation the body must be heavy andthe fall long and sudden devergie817 found this to occur in abouttwo per cent of paper it is said that the paris hangman placed theslip-knot under the chin in front, which is as dr haughton suggests death may occur from secondary causes after apparent recovery. Fromcongestion of brain and other lesions of the nervous system. These mayprove fatal at remote periods fracture of the odontoid process according to m de fosse is morecommon than dislocation, and the giving away of the intervertebralsubstance more likely than either of the others the phrenic andother respiratory nerves are likely to be paralyzed. The vertebral andcarotid arteries may be ruptured the medulla oblongata is also likelyto be fatally injured death may also occur from hemorrhage upon thecord, causing pressure besides the ropes used as ligatures in judicial hanging, almost everyconceivable article that could be made into the semblance of a cord hasbeen used by suicides.