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Tongue protruded slightly and much swollen. No frothy mucus in bronchi in the dog the tongue did not protrude and was not swollen. Right cavities of heart contained blood, left empty. Brain and other organs normal in the cat, the lungs were uniformly congested, dark red. No ecchymoses in the dog, the lungs were much distended, posterior borders mottled violet. Emphysematous patches on surface. No apoplectic effusions. Subpleural ecchymoses bright red, irregular, clearly defined in outer surface, most numerous toward the roots and on the lower lobes pellereau875 gives an account of hanging as seen by him in warm climates he had not seen the elongation of the neck described nor the erection of the penis, nor subconjunctival ecchymoses, nor fracture of larynx, nor rupture of walls of carotid artery, nor subpleural ecchymoses, nor fracture of vertebra he always found a mark on the neck. The left cavities of the heart always empty, the right always full of black blood mackenzie says that in 130 paper of suicidal hanging, the protrusion of the tongue between the teeth, the open and protruding eyes, clinched hands, and blue nails were very frequent, the tongue was found bitten thesis times, there were urethral and rectal discharges and rupture of carotid artery the penis was found erect several times the hyoid bone fractured 24 times in 93 paper in no case was the larynx or vertebra fractured in 73 paper ropes were used.

“each two fluidrachms contain. “acidulated bone phosphor o p co 2 grains “calcium glycerinophosphate, merck & co 1-1/2 grains “magnesium glycerinophosphate, merck & co 1-1/2 grains “sodium glycerinophosphate, merck & co 2-1/2 grains “lactated pepsin 2 grains “ignatia extract 1/20 grain “c p glycerin special process o p co 50 per cent “acidulated bone phosphor” presumably is acid phosphate of calcium this formula is an unscientific shotgun combination robinolrobinol, manufactured by john wyeth and brother, philadelphia, iscalled a “universal tonic ” it is said to be. “a preparation of the glycerophosphates of lithium, calcium, sodium, iron, manganese, quinine, with 1-16 gr strychnine glycerophosphate in each fluidounce ”this is a semisecret preparation, since the quantities of most of theingredients are not given and the vehicle is not named this complexcombination, too, is unwarranted phosphoglycerate of lime chapoteautthis is said to be prepared by the laboratories de pharmacologiegénérale, dr ph chapelle, paris and new york it is sold in thiscountry by e fougera and co , inc , new york it is offered in severalforms, especially in that of wine, which is called the “medicinal wineand tonic par excellence ” the alcohol is no doubt the constituentto which this preparation is indebted for such popularity as it hasattained, for it is much more freely advertised than the syrup, capsules or granulated form the usual claims are made with regard tothe efficacy of calcium glycerophosphate “during convalescence, inpaper of enfeebled vitality, and nervous affections associated with anexcessive elimination of phosphates ” elixir glycerophosphates, nux vomica and damianathis is manufactured by sharp and dohme, baltimore the manufacturers’statement of composition is. “each fluidounce represents nux vomica 8 grains, damiana 64 grains, combined with glycerophosphates of calcium and sodium ” “alcohol 20 per cent ”sharp and dohme call this mixture a “reconstructive nerve stimulant, aphrodisiac, ” and claim that. “phosphorus in elemental form has long been prescribed under the title of elixir phosphorus, nux vomica and damiana, but due to the rapidity of chemical change occurring in preparations containing this form of phosphorus, much of the physiologic action is lost the glycerophosphates present phosphorus in its most available form-- the form in which it exists in the brain and nervous system they powerfully stimulate the functions of nutrition and are rapidly assimilated by the system “nux vomica is a general nerve tonic damiana exerts a stimulant effect upon the sexual appetite and function ”the claim that the glycerophosphates may be substituted for elementaryphosphorus is, at least, novel the elixir is an unscientific semisecret combination recommendationsall of the preparations mentioned violate rule 6 unwarrantedtherapeutic claims in addition, robinol and elixir glycerophosphates, nux vomica and damiana violate rule 1 secrecy of composition inthat not all the quantities of the ingredients are declared.

Dyspepsia, andthe indigestions generally, fermentative disorders, gastric catarrh, flatulence, nausea. Pancreatic insufficiency, intestinal indigestion;gastric secretory deficiencies, apepsia. Constipation and hepatictorpor. Intestinal stasis. Diarrhea. Infantile diarrhea, “summercomplaint, ” marasmus, inanition and malnutrition. Gastric atony anddilatation.

To help the stranguary. For whichpurpose the decoction of the herb or roots in white wine, is mostusual, or the powder of the small kernelly root, which is called theseed, taken in white wine, or in the same decoction made with whitewine, is most usual the distilled water of the whole herb, rootand flowers, is most familiar to be taken it provokes also womencourses, and frees and cleanses the stomach and lungs from thick andtough phlegm that trouble them there are not thesis better medicines tobreak the stone than this burnet saxifrage descript the greater sort of our english burnet saxifrage growsup with divers long stalks of winged leaves, set directly oppositeone to another on both sides, each being essaywhat broad, and a littlepointed and dented about the edges, of a sad green colour at the topof the stalks stand umbels of white flowers, after which come small andblackish seed the root is long and whitish, abiding long our lesserburnet saxifrage hath much finer leaves than the former, and verysmall, and set one against another, deeply jagged about the edges, andof the same colour as the former the umbels of the flowers are white, and the seed very small, and so is the root, being also essaywhat hotand quick in taste place these grow in moist meadows of this land, and are easy to befound being well sought for among the grass, wherein thesis times theylay hid scarcely to be discerned time they flower about july, and their seed is ripe in august government and virtues they are both of them herbs of the moon the saxifrages are hot as pepper. And tragus saith, by his experience, that they are wholeessay they have the same properties the parsleyshave, but in provoking urine, and causing the pains thereof, and ofthe wind and colic, are much more effectual, the roots or seed beingused either in powder, or in decoctions, or any other way. And likewisehelps the windy pains of the mother, and to procure their courses, andto break and void the stone in the kidneys, to digest cold, viscous, and tough phlegm in the stomach, and is an especial remedy against allkind of venom castoreum being boiled in the distilled water thereof, is singularly good to be given to those that are troubled with crampsand convulsions essay do use to make the seeds into comfits as they docarraway seeds which is effectual to all the purposes aforesaid thejuice of the herb dropped into the most grievous wounds of the head, dries up their moisture, and heals them quickly essay women use thedistilled water to take away freckles or spots in the skin or face. Andto drink the same sweetened with sugar for all the purposes aforesaid scabious, three sorts descript common field scabious grows up with thesis hairy, soft, whitish green leaves, essay whereof are very little, if at all jaggedon the edges, others very much rent and torn on the sides, and havethreads in them, which upon breaking may be plainly seen. From amongwhich rise up divers hairy green stalks, three or four feet high, with such like hairy green leaves on them, but more deeply and finelydivided and branched forth a little. At the tops thereof, whichare naked and bare of leaves for a good space, stand round headsof flowers, of a pale blueish colour, set together in a head, theoutermost whereof are larger than the inward, with thesis threads alsoin the middle, essaywhat flat at the top, as the head with the seed islikewise. The root is great, white and thick, growing down deep intothe ground, and abides thesis years there is another sort of field scabious different in nothing from theformer, but only it is smaller in all respects the corn scabious differs little from the first, but that it is greaterin all respects, and the flowers more inclining to purple, and the rootcreeps under the upper crust of the earth, and runs not deep into theground as the first doth place the first grows more usually in meadows, especially aboutlondon every where the second in essay of the dry fields about this city, but not soplentifully as the former the third in standing corn, or fallow fields, and the borders of suchlike fields time they flower in june and july, and essay abide flowering untilit be late in august, and the seed is ripe in the mean time there are thesis other sorts of scabious, but i take these which i havehere described to be most familiar with us the virtues of both theseand the rest, being much alike, take them as follow government and virtues mercury owns the plant scabious is veryeffectual for all sorts of coughs, shortness of breath, and all otherdiseases of the breast and lungs, ripening and digesting cold phlegm, and other tough humours, voids them forth by coughing and spitting. Itripens also all sorts of inward ulcers and imposthumes.

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Badly, however, if evil signs prevail ” but not only were certain hours and certaindays of the week said to exert an important astrological influence uponthe human body, such an influence was ascribed also to certain years such years were called “anni scansiles” that is, “climacteric ” theexpression “anni climacterici” was also used, but this designationhas nothing in common with the modern conception of the climacteric it was believed that the condition of the body underwent a thoroughrevolution during these climacteric years, and that a new stage, as itwere, of organic life was reached heinrich von rantzau, the astronomicaristocrat and statesman, accordingly defines the climacteric yearsas “anni, in quibus ad sequentis temporis constitutionem sese vertatætas et inflectat ” therefore, such years should in themselves harbordangers for corporeal existence, and offer no favorable prospect forthe course of diseases two kinds of such climacteric years were distinguished one kind wasbrought about by multiplication with the figure 7, and they werecalled anni hebdomatici, or climacterici stricte sic dicta accordingly, these were the years 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63 these nine years formed the climactericus parvus, whereas the years77, 84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126 were called the climactericusmagnus a multiplication which extended further, to 171, reachedthe climactericus maximus the other kind of climacteric years wasobtained by multiplication with 9, and such years were called annienneatici, or decretorii these were the years 9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90, 99, 108, etc however, these climacteric years did not all present the same dangers, but the peril inherent in them varied considerably it was determinedby the multiplicator, and here especially the 3 and the 7 played avery fatal rôle the 21st year of life 3 × 7, and the 27th 3 × 9, were one grade higher in the scale of dangers than those obtained byother multiplicators still more dangerous were those years arrived atby ascending in spaces of three hebdomads. Therefore, the 21st yearof life i e , the period of three hebdomads namely, 3 × 7. The 42dyear, as a period of 2 × 3 hebdomads i e , 2 × 21. The 63d year oflife, as a period of 3 hebdomads i e , 3 × 21. 84 to 4 × 21. 105 5 × 21, etc the 49th year of life and the 56th year of life weresaid to be still more dangerous than these years obtained from theperiod of three hebdomads it is true, the cause of the danger is quiteobvious in the case of the 49th year. It was the ominous 7 × 7 whichhere gave rise to forebodings and it was not quite comprehensible whatcaused the bad reputation of innocent 56. Rantzau fails to give us asufficient explanation but the most dangerous climacteric year was the 63d, for this was madeup of 7 × 9 it was, therefore, an annus hebdomaticus and, at thesame time, also an annus enneaticus, for it belonged both to theclass of those climacteric years which were formed by the multiplier 7, as also to that which were obtained by the multiplier 9 it was mostnatural, therefore, that a period of life which from two sides wasfraught with danger, like the unfortunate 63d year of life, was boundto appear equally suspicious to the healthy and to the sick it isprobable that this year was, therefore, called androdas, because, asrantzau believes, it debilitates and breaks vitality it would appear, moreover, that the climacteric years enjoyed generalconsideration in ancient times as well as in the middle ages, forrantzau names a number of celebrated men who were said to haveexpressed themselves regarding the significance of these years, such asplato, censorinus, gellius, philo judæus, macrobius, cicero, boëtius, st ambrose, st augustine, bede, georgius valla, and others notsatisfied with this statement, rantzau also mentions in his cataloga multitude of prominent men who all dewritinged this life in their 63dyear, and thus, as he believes, had established the dangerousness ofthis year by their death it is probable, therefore, that the 63d birthday was celebrated withgreat apprehension during the entire middle ages, and the respectiveindividual did not draw an easy breath until after the ominous year hadbeen successfully passed however, the stars knew not only how to tell writingiculars regardingthe probable course and possible complications of diseases, but theyalso gave information regarding very special forms of affections itwas possible, thus, to learn from them at what time diseases of theeye were to be feared, when mental diseases were threatening, whenhemorrhages were to be expected, etc the astrologically trainedphysician was able to obtain prompt information from the starsregarding contingent surgical accidents.