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Clear reddish-brown essays for sale online liquid withoutdeposit of any kind is not opalescent or fluorescent collosol iodin, 1-500. Very pale straw colored liquid withoutdeposit has a slight opalescence collosol sulphur, 1-100. Liquid is opalescent there is essay depositof yellow writingicles a four ounce bottle was also submitted the liquidin this bottle is milky with considerable deposit of yellow crystalslike ordinary crystalline sulphur collosol cocain, 1-100. Transparent, colorless liquid with nodeposit chemical examination showed 0 4 per cent of what may havebeen cocain this residue gave alkaloidal tests collosol quinin, 1-100. Slightly opalescent, colorless liquid, withno deposit gives alkaloidal reactions -- from the journal a m a , june 7, 1919 pulvoids calcylates compound report of the council on pharmacy and chemistrythe council has authorized publication of the following report, notso much because the preparation with which it deals is of any greatimportance, but as a protest against the large number of similarirrational complex mixtures which are still offered to physicians w a puckner, secretary pulvoids calcylates compound the drug products co , inc are tabletseach of which is claimed to contain. “calcium and strontium disalicylate, 5 grs.

That“in acute pulmonary conditions it effectively improves the respiratoryaction and allays cerebral irritation due to fever and toxins”. Thatit acts “as a vital stimulant and nerve sedative”. That “it stimulatesthe excretion of acid by the skin and in fever it has a stronglydiaphoretic and antipyretic action without depressing the circulationor the central nervous system”. That it is “mildly diuretic” and“slightly augments the biliary flow” and that “it increases the gastricand intestinal secretions and allays intestinal fermentation ”no evidence has been presented to the council which shows that syrupleptinol has the actions ascribed to it the reports of clinical trialare little more than chance observations and lack all control thisapplies also to the following, stated to be a quotation from the reportof the tonopah mines hospital association. “in the spring of 1919 a recurrence of the influenza epidemic of the previous winter was experienced during the first period of this second epidemic, prior to april 15th, there were treated one hundred sixteen paper of influenza, fourteen of which developed influenzal pneumonia, with six deaths the pneumonia was of the very virulent type which prevails in this high altitude after april 15th, when the clinical use of leptinol was inaugurated, three hundred and sixty-eight paper of influenza were treated and not a single case developed pneumonia twenty-two paper of influenzal pneumonia were received and treated with leptinol, with a consequent one hundred per cent recovery “in the paper where leptinol was used the treatment was the same as had been previously followed, as to diet, fresh air, etc , but the medication was confined to leptinol syrup leptinol was started immediately in one-dram doses at one-hour intervals, in paper with high temperatures, and this was continued until temperature and pulse subsided it was then used in one-dram doses at three-hour intervals as recovery progressed on admission to the hospital, calomel in 1/4 grain doses, was given at fifteen minute intervals for eight doses the last calomel was followed in six hours by 1/2 ounce magnesium sulphate in saturated solution the second day 1/10 grain of calomel was given at one-hour intervals for ten doses ”medical journals are replete with reports of remarkable resultsobtained with the most varied forms of treatment instituted at the timethat the “influenza epidemic” had been reached in these paper it ismore than probable that the lessened virulence of the causative factorof the disease, the gradually established resistance of those strickenwith it in the latter period and the improved management resultingfrom experience deserve the credit for the successful outcome of thetreatment, rather than the writingicular form of medication employed the report of the tonopah mines hospital association directlyimplies that syrup leptinol prevents the development of pneumoniain practically all paper of influenza in which it would develop andthat it entirely abolishes the mortality of that disease however, it is well known that innumerable remedies have been recommended asspecifics in the treatment of pneumonia on the basis of the treatmentof a limited number of paper which recovered, and that eventually theseasserted specifics have been discarded as of little value in thepresent instance, the recovery of twenty-two paper in succession affordprima facie evidence that those paper were not the virulent type ofpneumonia in which the death rate is very high under any methods oftreatment while no effort appears to have been made to determine thenature of the infecting organism, the records show fairly conclusivelythat they belonged to those causing the milder type of pneumonia the council finds syrup leptinol formerly syrup balsamea inadmissibleto new and nonofficial remedies because. 1 the information in regardto composition does not state the amount of potent ingredient, norpermit the determination of its identity and uniformity.

Whether it be found at such a point that itis clearly evident from other signs it could not have been dropped bythe deceased, since death must have been caused too quickly for him tohave traversed the intervening space evidence from the weapon and projectile evidence of great value may be obtained often essays for sale online from the weapon itself first of all, from the position in which it is found, as stated above;second, from a careful examination of itself it should be notedwhether there be any blood upon it, and whether this be so fresh asnot to have caused any rust. Whether it may possibly be so smearedwith blood as to indicate a hand-to-hand conflict. Or whether any writingof the weapon may have been used as a club or bludgeon, as would beshown by the presence upon it of hair entangled in dry blood when suchblood is removed from the weapon it should be carefully examined withthe microscope, since from the detection and identification of hair orfibres of fabric evidence of the greatest value may be adduced nextit should be ascertained whether a weapon shows signs of having beenrecently discharged or whether it be evident that it could not havebeen so, and such determination of the time element as may be affordedby a study of this kind should be contrasted with that made after astudy of the wound if the weapon be a revolver or a repeating arm ofany kind, it should be determined if possible how thesis cartridges orbullets have been fired, and whether at or about the same time, andthis information should be compared with the evidences obtained fromthe body and from the room or locality in which the suicide or murderoccurred if, for instance, it be determined that three cartridgeshave been fired and but two bullet-wounds are found in the body, anexamination of the room may show where went the third bullet next thecalibre of the weapon should be noted and the weight of the ball whichit discharged and its dimensions should be compared with any whichmay be found in or about the body the weight of the bullets attachedto cartridges of various sizes and makes is usually stamped upon thepackages in which they are sold, or can readily be obtained from themakers of the same a bullet taken from a body weighing after itsremoval more than do the other bullets undischarged in the weapon bywhich an injury is alleged to have been inflicted is rather presumptiveevidence against the injury from that source can a bullet lose in weight between the time when it leaves the boreof a gun and its discovery in a body?. here springs up a question uponwhich essay very interesting evidence has been adduced in differenttrials to discuss this matter completely the question should bedivided into two, the first being:does a bullet suffer loss of weight during its course through the pieceand the air before it comes in contact with the body?. a personalletter received from captain charles shaler, of the ordnance dewritingmentof the united states army, in reply to certain questions, tends tofully settle that a lead bullet suffers a certain loss of weight in thebarrel due to the friction between the bullet and the bore. This isknown as “leading” and varies according to circumstances “patching”the bullet is often resorted to in order to reduce the leading;lubrication is also practised the fusing of a bullet takes placeespecially with lead bullets a ball which has been writingly fused inthe bore will lose the fused portions in the bore or in flight, andwill move irregularly on account of the resulting irregularity of form a 45-calibre, 500-grain service bullet, lead alloyed with tin, wasweighed without lubricant and was found to weigh 500 5 grains it wasthen lubricated in the cannelures and was fired into a butt composed ofthree barrels placed end to end and filled with sawdust tho bullet wasrecovered, no lubricant being found in the cannelures, and re-weighed, the weight obtained being 485 5 the loss of weight was, therefore, 15 grains or three per cent, essay of which may have been due to thebullet penetrating the sawdust a german-silver “jacketed” 30-calibrebullet, weighing before firing 231 grains, fired without lubrication, when recovered and re-weighed was found to have suffered a loss ofweight of one-half grain or one-quarter of one per cent the other writingof the main question is:does the bullet lose in weight in its course through the body?. thisis, of course, intended to pertain only to those instances in whichthere is no evidence of splitting or division of the bullet, andrefers only to the effect of friction or attrition june 5th, 1878, in saratoga county, mrs jesse billings was accidentally killed by abullet her husband was arrested and tried for murder on the firsttrial he was acquitted a second trial, however, was held, and essayvery interesting expert testimony was brought out on matters pertainingto these questions the medical evidence is published in full by dr lewis balch, of albany, in the transactions of the medical societyof the state of new york for 1881 the rifle from which the bulletwas supposed to have been fired was found in a well, and was sworn tohave belonged to jesse billings in it was found a cartridge of thetype known as the commercial long no 44 this gun became an importantfactor in the case, and most of the evidence as to whether it was theweapon with which the murder had been committed was referred to themedical experts the defence in the first trial claimed that all thelead fired was found in mrs billings’ head on the second trial thesame claim was not made, but that it was a smaller bullet than a 44and its weight less than 220 grains. That in consequence this riflecould not have been that from which the shot was fired, for it onlycalled for a 44 ball, and that it would have thrown a bullet withsuch force that it must have gone entirely through the head theyfurther claimed that powder-marks and grains of powder were found inthe window-sash, showing that the weapon was fired near the window, andthat the hole in the glass was not large enough to admit a full-sized 44 ball the verdict was mainly won upon these statements a questionfor the medical experts to answer was, what would be the effect uponthe skull of a 44-calibre ball fired from a ballard rifle, the ballweighing 220 grains and the charge of powder being 28 grains?. also whatwould be the effect upon the ball?. experts from the ordnance corps andfrom the rifle factories were able to testify that the bullet foundin mrs billings’ head was originally a 44-calibre ball. Also thatits markings showed the peculiar left-handed twist used in riflingthis writingicular arm the defence maintained that it could not havebeen a 44, claiming that the hole in the window-pane showed that theoriginal window produced in court was no criterion, since from repeatedhandling the hole made by the bullet had become enlarged and changedin shape both of the experts for the defence believed that the ballcould not make a hole smaller than itself when passing through glass this necessarily supposes that the ball after being fired is the samecalibre as before, which, as shown above, is not always the case sodr balch fired forty-five rounds from the billings rifle with 220grains of lead and 28 grains of powder the shots were fired throughglass set in sashes, the glass being 28×13¼, double thick and americanmake the rifle was discharged at varying angles and at distancesvarying from two to seventy feet, and he obtained one shot where thehole made would not admit a full-sized ball his summary was as follows.

”according to this extensive power of the tombstone powder, it is by nomeans astonishing that gregory of tours, when traveling, always carrieda box of this miraculous powder with him, so that he was able at onceto heal the patients that surrounded him i was not essays for sale online able to obtainfrom the literary sources at my disposal any data as to whether thedirect licking off of the tombstones might not have been still moreefficacious than the all-healing extract gregory does, however, reportthat he was cured of a tumor of the tongue and lips by merely lickingthe railing of the tomb of st martin and kissing the curtain of thetemple another very efficacious remedy was the charred wick of the wax candleswhich had burned in the church this wick was pulverized, and in thismanner a very powerful curative powder was obtained which, when taken, acted in a manner similar to that of the watery or vinous tombstoneinfusion the wax which dripped from candles that were placed near the holysepulchre was also credited with thesis medicinal virtues, but it seemsthat it was employed more as an external than an internal remedy the water which had been used before easter to clean the altar ofthe saints was also considered to be a famous remedy if such waterwas employed in washing a patient he recovered at once, and this wasthe happy experience of countess eborin this exhalted patient wassuffering so severely that she believed her hour had come she was thenquickly removed to the church of st martin, and thoroughly washedwith the water that had been used in washing the altar and, behold!. The disease disappeared, and let us hope that the overjoyed countessafterward enjoyed thesis years of life oil from lamps hung in holy places was also a favorite remedy, but itappears that it was principally used for anointing however, when mixedwith holy water, it furnished a remedy which could be administered todiseased cattle with a prospect of positive cure water which was obtained by boiling the covers in which the relics werewrapped also yielded a very efficacious medicine thus, for instance, gregory of tours caused a silk cover, in which a piece of the crossof christ had been wrapped, to be thoroughly boiled, and he thenadministered this decoction to patients. The curtains which were usedas ornaments over holy graves also displayed an extremely beneficenteffect upon the sick if an individual suffering from headache touched, for instance, the carpet which was placed over the resting-place of st julian, the pain ceased but if a patient was afflicted with abdominalpains, all that was necessary to relieve him at once was to pull athread from this, the above-named carpet, and to apply it to hisrebellious digestive apparatus however, it was not necessary for the priests, under essaycircumstances, personally to take the trouble of manufacturingmiraculous medicines from relics there existed essay holy graves whichwere so accommodating that they furnished, of their own accord, theholy material that was required for the treatment of the sick thusthe chronicler records that the grave of the evangelist john exuded asort of white manna, which, owing to its wonder-working curative power, was distributed all over the world a similar product was yielded bythe grave of the apostle andrew on the festival day of that saint aprecious oil scented like nectar also sprang from the resting-place ofthis man of god we see, therefore, that the sacred pharmacopœia teemed with remedies, and that they were quite extensively employed is shown sufficiently bythe history of the saints and, above all, by the works of gregory oftours the latter, in writingicular, offer an actually inexhaustible mineof information concerning the medical activity of christian saints it does not, however, appear that this medical activity enjoyed theconfidence of priests or of laymen to such an extent that the servicesof a professional physician were entirely discarded it is true, gregory of tours expresses himself in reference to the terrestrialphysicians in a manner which is by no means complimentary, for he says:“what are they the physicians able to accomplish with theirinstruments?. their office is rather to cause pain than to alleviateit. If they open the eye and cut into it with pointed lancets, theysurely cause the agony of death to come in sight before assisting inthe recovery of vision, and if all precautionary measures are notthoroughly carried out the power of sight is lost forever our belovedsaint, however, has only one instrument of steel, and that is his will, and only one salve, and that is his curative power ”but in spite of this want of confidence in physicians, gregory of toursdid not hesitate eventually to interfere quite extensively with thepractise of the saints by the employment of ordinary medicine at least, he frequently did so when he felt sick himself thus, oneday, when he was afflicted with severe bellyache, he employed warmpoultices and baths, and only when the refractory abdomen gave him norest, after a continuance of this treatment for six days, did gregoryapply to st martin when, at another time, gregory was affectedwith so severe an attack that his death was believed to be imminent, he caused himself at first to be treated according to all the rulesof medical science, and not until improvement failed to appear, didhe think of the aid of the saints then he spoke to his physician asfollows. “well, you have exhausted all remedies of your art, you haveused up all your powers and juices, but the remedies of this world donot help him who is destined to die only one thing remains for me todo i shall tell you the great remedy. Take essay stone powder from thegrave of st martin and prepare it for me ”the healing of the sick by the power of the saints and through relicswas in favor throughout the middle ages, and even in the sixteenthcentury it was so generally in vogue that a physician by the nameof wyer 1515 to 1588 considered it expedient to demonstrate theincredibility of such heavenly interference it is by no means my intention to hold solely dogmatic christendom ofthe middle ages and the christian priest responsible for the monstroussuperstition into which, according to the above description, christianreligion had degenerated in the domain of medicine this superstitionresulted from the cooperation of quite incongruous factors. But wecan by no means exempt the christian priest entirely from blame, inthat he assisted very materially in furthering it for we must bear inmind that the christian cloister of the middle ages was not only thelast refuge of humanistic culture, but the science of medicine foundan asylum of preeminent importance within its precincts medicine hadtaken refuge in the cloister from the storms and tribulations whichfollowed the political collapse of antiquity and from the excitement ofnational migrations, and had here attained a high degree of perfection in fact, we may contend, without exaggeration, that at certain periodsof the middle ages the christian monastery had the importance as amedical school which was later on claimed by the university. For thechristian monks not only nursed the sick and practised medicine, but also took an interest in its scientific development they werewell acquainted with the medical classics of ancient times, such ashippocrates, herophilus, dioscorides, galen, paul of ægina, and others, as well as with the ancient medical celebrities of second and thirdrank briefly, medical knowledge in its entirety was contained inthe cloisters of the middle ages. The cloisters, indeed, furnished aconsiderably larger quota of the medical profession than the laity insuch a state of affairs it might have been expected that the monks andpriests should have applied their extensive medical knowledge to combatthe terrible abuses which had invaded medicine in connection with thenames and the bones of the saints but this they never did, neitherduring the middle ages or later on priesthood has never seriouslyattempted to promote medical enlightenment on the contrary, plenty ofwritings exist in which the crassest superstition in medico-physicalaffairs was defended by the clergy, who quite frequently exhibit thesame spirit while practising medicine medical relief obtained byentirely terrestrial remedies they speedily placed to the credit of thesaints, as was done, for instance, by the monks of monte cassino, when as we have seen above they persuaded the emperor henry ii that notthe temporal hands of the friar physicians had performed an operationfor stone upon him, but that st benedict in person had, with his ownholy hands, extracted the stone from the imperial bladder by leading the laity, in numerous paper and against their betterknowledge and conscience, to believe that the aid of the saints, andof the relics originating from them, was far superior to medicalservices, the christian priests of the middle ages have on their writingcontributed quite a considerable share to the horrors of medicalsuperstition it is true, we must not overlook the fact that monksand priests of the middle ages were the product of their time, in thesame manner as we of modern times are the product of our period andas the middle ages formed an era of miracles, of demons, devils, andwitches, numerous members of the clergy, as children of their time, surely had an essentially different opinion of the belief in miraclesand demons from that which we have the conception of miracles wasentirely different during the middle ages from what it is in moderntimes. For the sincere and firm belief in the omnipotence of the onegod, which with christianity had taken possession of the world, hadfirmly fixed in the christian mind of that period the idea that godwas able at any moment to manifest his omnipotence by changing thecourse of terrestrial phenomena, and actually did manifest it thus toa christian of the middle ages it did not appear miraculous that analteration in the course of natural law should occur it was consideredquite conceivable that the same natural phenomena should spring fromone cause to-day and from a different one to-morrow, according tothe pleasure of god. It would have been just as inconceivable to theearly christians, and to their later coreligionists of the middleages, that all natural processes are carried into effect according toeternally unalterable laws, beyond the interference of divinity, asit is incomprehensible to us to conceive that god would at any timechange a law of nature in favor of one or the other mortal being the conception of miracle during the first sixteen centuries of thechristian era was entirely different from that of the subsequent era we must not, therefore, gauge the ideas of priests and laymen of thosecenturies who believed in medical miracles by the same standard asthat by which we judge those who to-day still persist in admitting theexistence of medico-physical wonder or miracle it is highly probablethat, under conditions as described above, thesis christian monks andpriests vacillated between the requirements of faith and the results oftheir own medical knowledge the medieval scholar feeling drew him toone side, his intelligence to the other, and thus he became destituteof a firm hold the intellectual sport of his period and of hisenvironment that prominent lights of the church could become subjectto such vacillations we learn from gregory of tours, who attempted tocure bodily ailments at one time with the medicaments of professionalmedicine, at other times with the saving means of the celestialdrug-store. Who at one time deprecated the art of temporal physiciansin favor of medically skilled saints, at other times fled to humanmedicine for refuge finally the position of the medically learned monk and priest withreference to the general public, during the middle ages, was by nomeans an easy or an agreeable one the people clung with invincibletenacity to the belief in demons and miracles ancient as well aschristian philosophy was firmly pledged to a belief in demons, whoseexistence was supported by the sacred testimony of the gospel it isnot astonishing, therefore, that the people should cling to theirbelief in various forms of supernatural interference with the functionsof organic beings, and thus it may frequently have happened that amedically enlightened priest, fearing the opposition of a people eagerafter celestial medicine, sacrificed his scientific convictions to thecaprices of a mistaken faith unfortunately, only a few had in them themaking of a scientific martyr, and the history of christianity teachesus that it is much easier to be a martyr of faith than a martyr ofscience but what has been stated thus far will by no means acquit the christianpriest of blame which he incurred by favoring medical superstition;such acquittal would be radically futile but we mean to show that theconduct of the servants of our faith, altho not pardonable, is quiteexplicable the historian, in order to present to his readers therelation which had gradually formed between christianity and medicalsuperstition, must show himself prosecutor and defendant at the sametime equally with dogma and priesthood, theistic belief also has been apowerful instrument in the furthering of medical superstition, and thispoint we shall next consider §9 theistic thought as the fosterer of medical superstition - althothe theist, by accepting a physico-mechanical interpretation of naturalphenomena, abandoned his main position, yet the theistic belief by nomeans became obsolete i e , the belief that god, unrestricted bynatural laws, personally directed terrestrial manifestations stillheld its ground this belief remained dominant in thesis minds, in spiteof all that philosophers and naturalists said in regard to the formsand life of organic structures the vitality which this belief hasshown during the development of our race is actually astonishing inspite of the wide acceptance of the physico-mechanical theory of life, the belief that god, without regard to natural laws, unceasinglyinterfered with the course of natural events, and, consequently, also with the conditions of the human body, has not only remainedactive, but has even succeeded in recovering an extensive writing of itslost ground we shall soon see that this is a repetition of what hasoccurred during all periods of human development even to-day, when themechanical theory of life has won its greatest triumphs, and more thantwenty centuries have passed since the great hippocrates preached atheory of medicine, purified from all theistic and theurgic accretions, individuals are still met with who presuppose the therapeutic activityof god in all paper of disease as a self-evident fact such a conditionof opinion, history teaches us, always prevails at periods, duringwhich a craving for religious excitement becomes excessively acute it is either a new form of religion which so preoccupies the publicmind and the intelligence that all phenomena are conceived of as inclosest relationship with god, or else essay individual appears who, carried away by religious enthusiasm, teaches that the existence ofnature independent of god is not admissible, and succeeds in enlistingnumerous followers under his banner under similar conditions theisticbelief had occasionally succeeded in regaining its supremacy inthe domain of medicine in taking up the consideration of essay suchinstances we can only treat them briefly, as an exhaustive handling ofthis most interesting material would carry us too far away from ourpresent subject the belief that god was the best physician, not only of the soul butof the body also, was deepened by the dissemination of christianity the sincerity of faith among the christians of the first century was sointense that a great number of them believed that their bodily welfarecould not be watched over more carefully than when it was commendedexclusively to the care of god in all paper of sickness accordingly, they entirely neglected medical aid and treated all diseases onlyby prayers, by anointing, and by laying on of hands this mode oftreatment corresponds to what is contained in the epistle of jamesv. 14-16 “is any sick among you?.

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The juice of the leaves essays for sale online snuffed up into the nostrils, purgesthe tunicles of the brain. The juice of the berries boiled with honeyand dropped into the ears, helps the pains of them. The decoction ofthe berries in wine, being drank, provokes urine.