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Then the styrax andfeces being mixed with the turpentine, last of all the colophonia, mastich, frankincense, bdellium, alum, myrrh, and fenugreek in powder:let them be made into a plaster culpeper it strengthens the stomach, and helps digestion emplastrum nigrum august called in high dutch stichstaster college take of colophonia, rozin, ship pitch, white wax, romanvitriol, ceruss, olibanum, myrrh, of each eight ounces, oil of rosesseven ounces, oil of juniper berries three ounces, oil of eggs twoounces, oil of spick one ounce, white vitriol, red coral, mummy, ofeach two ounces, earth of lemnos, mastich, dragon blood, of each oneounce, the fat of an heron one ounce, the fat of pimullus three ounces, load stone prepared, two ounces, earthworms prepared, camphire, of eachone ounce. Make them into a plaster according to art culpeper it is very good in green wounds and shootings a key to galen method of physic the general use of physic i shall desire thee, whoever thou art, that intendest the noble thoughtoo much abused study of physic, to mind heedfully these followingrules. Which being well understood, shew thee the key of galen andhippocrates their method of physic. He that useth their method, andis not heedful of these rules, may soon cure one disease, and causeanother more desperate that thou mayest understand what i intend, it is to discover in ageneral way of the manifest virtues of medicines i say of the manifest virtues, and qualities, viz such as areobvious to the senses, especially to the taste and smell. For it hathbeen the practice of most physicians, in these latter ages as well asours, to say, when they cannot give, nor are minded to study a reason, why an herb, plant, &c hath such an operation, or produces such aneffect in the body of man. It doth it by an hidden quality, for theynot minding the whole creation, as one united body, not knowing whatbelongs to astral influence, not regarding that excellent harmonythe only wise god hath made in a composition of contraries in theknowledge of which consists the whole ground and foundation of physicare totally led astray by tradition it is the manifest qualities of medicines that here i am to speak to, and you may be pleased to behold it in this order section 1 of the temperature of medicines section 2 of the appropriation of medicines section 3 of the properties of medicines section i of the temperature of medicines herbs, plants, and other medicines manifestly operate, either by heat, coldness, dryness, or moisture, for the world being composed of sothesis qualities, they and only they can be found in the world, and themixtures of them one with another but that they may appear as clear as the sun when he is upon themeridian, i shall treat of them severally, and in this order 1 of medicines temperate 2 of medicines hot 3 of medicines cold 4 of medicines moist 5 of medicines dry of medicines temperate if the world be composed of extremes, then it acts by extremes, foras the man is, so is his work. Therefore it is impossible that anymedicine can be temperate, but may be reduced to heat, cold, dryness, or moisture, and must operate, i mean such as operate by manifestquality by one of these, because there is no other to operate by, andthat there should be such a temperate mixture, so exquisitely of thesequalities in any medicine, that one of them should not manifestly excelthe other, i doubt it is a system too rare to find thus then i conclude the matter to be, those medicines are calledtemperate not because they have excess of temperature at all in themwhich can neither be said, to heat nor cool so much as will amount tothe first degree of excess, for daily experience witnesses that theybeing added to medicines, change not their qualities, they make themneither hotter nor colder their use they are used in such diseases where there is no manifestdistemper of the first qualities, viz heat and cold, for example;in obstruction of the bowels, where cold medicines might make theobstruction greater, and hot medicines cause a fever in fevers of flegm, where the cause is cold and moist, and the effecthot and dry.

The examinationmust be both scientific and practical, and of sufficient thoroughnessand severity to test the candidate fitness to practise medicine andsurgery the examination may be held in the presence of the essays buy dean of anymedical school or of the president of any medical society of the state after the examination, the board must grant to a candidate who is foundqualified, a certificate to practise medicine and surgery the boardmay refuse or revoke a certificate for unprofessional, dishonorable, or immoral conduct, or may refuse a certificate to any one who maypublicly profess to cure or treat diseases, injuries, or deformitiesin such manner as to deceive the public in paper of refusal orrevocation, the aggrieved applicant may appeal to the district court ofthe county of his application 4 certificates must be recorded within sixty days after their date in theoffice of the county recorder in the county where the holder resides;or in case of removal certificates must be recorded in the county towhich the holder removes the county recorder must indorse on thecertificate the date of its record 5 exceptions - the act does not apply to midwives of skill and experienceattending paper of confinement, nor to commissioned surgeons of theunited states army or navy in the discharge of their official duties, nor to physicians or surgeons in actual consultation from other statesand territories, nor to students practising medicine under the directsupervision of a preceptor, nor to gratuitous services in paper ofemergency 6 penalty - violation of the act is a misdemeanor, punishable with a fineof from $100 to $500, or imprisonment in the county jail from thirty toninety days, or both definition - any person is regarded as practising within the meaning ofthe act who appends “m d ” or “m b ” to his name, for a fee prescribesmedicine, operates in surgery, attends in obstetrics, or recommends forthe use of any sick person the use of any drug or medicine or otheragency of treatment, cure, or relief of any wound, fracture, or bodilyinjury or disease, as a physician or surgeon 7 re-examination - any one failing to pass the examination is entitled toa second examination within six months without fee 8 fees - to the treasurer of the board, for examination, $15 s 4 to the secretary of the board, for examination, in advance, $15 s 8 to the county recorder, for recording, the usual fee 5 to the county attorney, for prosecuting a violation, to be charged ascosts, $5 7 nebraska qualification - it is unlawful for any person to practise medicine, surgery, or obstetrics, or any of their branches, without havingobtained and registered a certificate no person is entitled to acertificate unless he be a graduate of a legally chartered medicalschool or college in good standing the qualifications are determinedby the state board of health the act does not prevent physiciansresiding in other states from visiting patients in consultation withresident physicians who have complied act of 1891, c 35, s 7 a medical school is defined as a medical school or college whichrequires a previous examination for admission to its courses of study, and which requires for granting the degree of “m d ” attendance onat least three courses of lectures of six months each, no two ofsaid courses to be held within one year, and having a full faculty ofprofessors in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, toxicology, pathology, hygiene, materia medica, therapeutics, obstetrics, gynæcology, principle sic and practice of medicine and surgery, and clinicalinstruction in the last two named but the three-year clause does notapply to degrees granted prior to july, 1891 8 a person intending to practise medicine, surgery, or obstetrics mustpresent his diploma to the said board, with his affidavit that he isthe lawful possessor of the same and has attended the full course ofstudy required for the degree of “m d , ” and that he is the persontherein named such affidavit may be taken before any person authorizedto administer oaths, and it shall be attested under the hand andofficial seal of the official, if he have a seal false swearing isperjury 9 if investigation of the diploma and affidavit proves the applicantentitled to practise, the board issues its certificate, which must befiled in the office of the county clerk of the county where he resides, or intends to practise 10 the act gave physicians entitled to practise at the time of itsenactment six months in which to comply with its provisions withreference to them 11 the secretaries of the board may issue certificates, without a vote ofthe board, when the proof upon which certificates are granted may havebeen on file in its office for ten days without a vote of the board, when no protest has been filed, and if, in their opinion, the proofcomplies with the act 12 when the holder of a certificate removes to another county, he mustfile and record it in the office of the county clerk in the county towhich he removes 13 the board may refuse certificates to persons guilty of unprofessionalor dishonorable conduct, and may revoke for like causes provided theygive the person an opportunity to be heard 14 penalty - no person is entitled to receive any sum of money formedical, surgical, or obstetrical service unless he shall have compliedwith the act 15 violation of the act is a misdemeanor, punishable with a fine of from$50 to $300 and costs of prosecution, and a person convicted shallstand committed till the fine and costs are paid 16 definition, exceptions - to operate on, profess to heal, prescribe for, or otherwise treat any physical or mental ailment of another, is topractise medicine under this act but it does not prohibit gratuitousservices in paper of emergency, nor apply to commissioned surgeonsin the united states army or navy, nor to nurses in their legaloccupation, nor to the administration of ordinary household remedies17 itinerant vender - to be an itinerant vender of any drug, nostrum, ointment, or appliance for the treatment of disease or injury, or forsuch an one to publicly profess to cure or to treat disease or injuryor deformity by any drug, nostrum, manipulation, or other expedient, is a misdemeanor punishable with a fine of from $50 to $100, orimprisonment in the county jail from thirty days to three months, orboth, for each offence 18 fees - to the secretaries of the board of health, for certificate attime of application, $5 to the secretaries of the board of health, for taking testimony, samefees as a notary public is allowed for same service 19 to county clerk, for recording, usual register fees for recording10 nevada qualification - no person can lawfully practise medicine or surgery whohas not received a medical education and a diploma from essay regularlychartered medical school having a bona fide existence when thediploma was granted act of 1875, c 46, s 1 a copy of the diploma must be filed for record with the county recorderof the county in which the person practises, and at the same time theoriginal, or a certificate from the dean of the medical school of whichhe is a graduate, certifying to his graduation, must be exhibited2 the person filing a copy of a diploma or a certificate of graduationmust be identified as the person named therein, by the affidavit of twocitizens of the county, or his affidavit taken before a notary publicor commissioner of deeds for this state, which affidavit must be filedin the office of the county recorder 3 penalty - practising without complying with this act is a misdemeanorpunishable with a fine of from $50 to $500, or imprisonment in thecounty jail from thirty days to six months, or both, for each offence filing a diploma or a certificate of another or a forged affidavit ofidentification is a felony 4 exceptions - the act does not apply to a person who in an emergency mayprescribe or give advice in medicine or surgery in a township whereno physician resides, or when no physician or surgeon resides withinconvenient distance, nor to those who had practised medicine or surgeryin the state for ten years next preceding the passage of the act, norto persons prescribing in their own family 6 new jersey board of examiners - the state board of medical examiners, appointedby the governor, consists of nine members, persons of recognizedprofessional ability and honor, five of the old school, three of thehomœopathic, and one of the eclectic, among whom can be no member ofany college or university having a medical dewritingment act 1890, c 190, s 1 the board must hold meetings for examination at the capital on thesecond thursday of january, april, july, and october of each year andat such other times as they deem expedient. They shall keep a registerof all applicants for examination, showing the name, age, and lastplace of residence of each candidate, the time he has spent in medicalstudy in or out of a medical school, the names and locations of allmedical schools which have granted the said applicant any degree orcertificate of attendance upon lectures in medicine, and whether theapplicant has been rejected or licensed, and it shall be prima facieevidence of all matters contained therein 2 qualification - all persons commencing the practice of medicine orsurgery in any of its branches must apply to the board for a license applicants are divided into three classes:1 persons graduated from a legally chartered medical school not lessthan five years before the application 2 all other persons graduated from legally chartered medical schools 3 medical students taking a regular course of medical instruction applicants of the first class are examined in materia medica, therapeutics, obstetrics, gynæcology, practice of medicine, surgery, and surgical anatomy. Those of the second and third classes areexamined in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, materia medica, therapeutics, histology, pathology, hygiene, practice of medicine, surgery, obstetrics, gynæcology, diseases of the eye and ear, medicaljurisprudence, and such other branches as the board may deem advisable;questions for applicants of the first and second classes are the samein the branches common to both the board after january 1st, 1892, cannot license applicants of the second or third classes withoutsatisfactory proof that the applicant has studied medicine and surgerythree years, is of good moral character, and over twenty-one yearsof age. Applicants of the third class, after they shall have studiedmedicine and surgery at least two years, can be examined in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, histology, pathology, materia medica, andtherapeutics. If the examination is satisfactory to all the members ofthe board, it may issue a certificate that the applicant has passed afinal examination in these branches, and such certificate, if presentedby the applicant when he shall make application for a license topractise, shall be accepted by the said board in lieu of examinationin those branches all examinations shall be both scientific andpractical, but of sufficient severity to test the candidate fitnessto practise medicine and surgery 3 all examinations shall be in writing. The questions and answers, except in materia medica and therapeutics, must be such as can beanswered in common by all schools of practice, and if the applicantintends to practise homœopathy or eclecticism, the member or membersof the said board of those schools shall examine the said applicant inmateria medica and therapeutics. If the examination is satisfactory, the board shall issue a license entitling the applicant to practisemedicine a license shall not be issued unless the applicant passes anexamination satisfactory to all members of the board. The examinationpapers kept on file by the secretary of the board are prima facieevidence of all matters therein contained. On refusal of the board toissue a license for failure on examination, the applicant may appealto the governor, who may appoint a medical commission of review ofthree members, one from each school of medicine, who shall examine theexamination papers of the applicant and from them determine whether alicense should be issued, and their decision shall be final.

Outwardly it helps wounds, reduceswomen breasts that hang down. Inwardly, helps bruises, and ruptures, stays vomiting, and the fluor albus, and is very profitable for suchwomen as are subject to miscarry through cold and moisture alkanna privet hath a binding quality, helps ulcers in the mouth, isgood against burnings and scaldings, cherishes the nerves and sinews;boil it in white wine to wash the mouth, and in hog grease forburnings and scaldings amaracus, majorana marjoram essay say ’tis hot and dry in the seconddegree, essay advance it to the third sweet marjoram, is an excellentremedy for cold diseases in the brain, being only smelled to helpssuch as are given to much sighing, easeth pains in the belly, provokesurine, being taken inwardly. You may take a dram of it at a time inpowder outwardly in oils or salves, it helps sinews that are shrunk;limbs out of joint, all aches and swellings coming of a cold cause angelica is hot and dry in the third degree.

There is a two-fold resisting of poison 1 by an antipathy between the medicine and poison 2 by a sympathy between the medicine and the heart of the first we shall speak anon, in a chapter by itself the latterbelongs to this chapter, and they are such medicines, whose nature isto strengthen the heart, and fortify it against the poison, as rue, angelica, &c for as the operation of the former is upon the poison, which afflicteth the heart, so the operation of the latter is upon theheart afflicted by the poison to this class may be referred all such medicines as strengthen theheart either by astral influence, or by likeness of substance, if therebe such a likeness in medicines, for a bullock heart is of likesubstance to man, yet i question whether it be cordial or not 3 and lastly, such as refresh the spirits, and make them lively andactive, both because they are appropriated to the office, and alsobecause they drive stinking and melancholy vapours from the heart, foras the animal spirit be refreshed by fragrant smells, and the naturalspirits by spices, so are the vital spirits refreshed by all suchmedicines as keep back melancholy vapours from the heart, as borrage, bugloss, rosemary, citron pills, the compositions of them, and thesisothers, which this treatise will amply furnish you with chapter iv of medicines appropriated to the stomach by stomach, i mean that ventricle which contains the food till it beconcocted into chyle medicines appropriated to the stomach are usually called stomachicals the infirmities usually incident to the stomach are three 1 appetite lost 2 digestion weakened essays buy 3 the retentive faculty corrupted when the appetite is lost, the man feels no hunger when his body needsnourishment when digestion is weakened it is not able to concoct the meat receivedinto the stomach, but it putrifies there when the retentive faculty is spoiled the stomach is not able to retainthe food till it be digested, but either vomits it up again, or causesfluxes such medicines then as remedy all these, are called stomachicals andof them in order 1 such as provoke appetite are usually of a sharp or sourish taste, and yet withal of a grateful taste to the palate, for although loss ofappetite may proceed from divers causes, as from choler in the stomach, or putrefied humours or the like, yet such things as purge this choleror humours, are properly called orecticks, not stomachicals. Theformer strengthen appetite after these are expelled 2 such medicines help digestion as strengthen the stomach, either byconvenient heat, or aromatic viz spicy faculty, by hidden property, or congruity of nature 3 the retentive faculty of the stomach is corrected by bindingmedicines, yet not by all binding medicines neither, for essay of themare adverse to the stomach, but by such binding medicines as areappropriated to the stomach for the use of these use 1 use not such medicines as provoke appetite before you havecleansed the stomach of what hinders it use 2 such medicines as help digestion, give them a good time beforemeat that so they may pass to the bottom of the stomach, for thedigestive faculty lies there, before the food come into it use 3 such as strengthen the retentive faculty, give them a littlebefore meat, if to stay fluxes, a little after meat, if to stayvomiting chapter v of medicines appropriated to the liver be pleased to take these under the name of hepatics, for that is theusual name physicians give them, and these also are of three sorts 1 essay the liver is delighted in 2 others strengthen it 3 others help its vices the palate is the seat of taste, and its office is to judge what foodis agreeable to the stomach, and what not, by that is both the qualityand quantity of food for the stomach discerned. The very same officethe meseraik veins perform to the liver essaytimes such food pleases the palate which the liver likes not butnot often and therefore the meseraik veins refuse it, and that isthe reason essay few men fancy such food as makes them sick after theeating thereof 1 the liver is delighted exceedingly with sweet things, draws themgreedily, and digests them as swiftly, and that is the reason honey isso soon turned into choler 2 such medicines strengthen the liver, as being appropriated to itvery gently bind, for seeing the office of the liver is to concoct, it needs essay adstriction, that so both the heat and the humour to beconcocted may be stayed, that so the one slip not away, nor the otherbe scattered yet do not hepatical medicines require so great a binding faculty asstomachicals do, because the passages of the stomach are more openthan those of the liver by which it either takes in chyle, or sendsout blood to the rest of the body, therefore medicines that are verybinding are hurtful to the liver, and either cause obstructions, orhinder the distribution of the blood, or both and thus much for the liver, the office of which is to concoct chyle, which is a white substance the stomach digests the food into intoblood, and distributes it, by the veins, to every writing of the body, whereby the body is nourished, and decaying flesh restored chapter vi of medicines appropriated to the spleen in the breeding of blood, are three excrements most conspicuous, viz urine, choler, and melancholy the proper seat of choler is in the gall the urine passeth down to the reins or kidneys, which is all one the spleen takes the thickest or melancholy blood to itself this excrement of blood is twofold. For either by excessive heat, itis addust, and this is that the latins call atra bilis. Or else itis thick and earthly of itself, and this properly is called melancholyhumour hence then is the nature of splenical medicines to be found out, andby these two is the spleen usually afflicted for atra bilis, i knownot what distinct english name to give it thesis times causes madness, and pure melancholy causeth obstructions of the bowels, and tumours, whereby the concoction of the blood is vitiated, and dropsies thesistimes follow medicines then peculiar to the spleen must needs be twofold also, essayappropriated to atra bilis, others to pure melancholy. But of purgingeither of them, i shall omit till i come to treat of purging in achapter by itself 1 such medicines are splenical, which by cooling and moistening temperatra bilis.

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Both taken inwardly boiledand applied to the place. Besides they are good to cure horses of thebots calamintha, montana, palustris mountain and water calamint. Forthe water calamint. See mints, than which it is accounted stronger mountain calamint, is hot and dry in the third degree, provokes urineand the menses, hastens the birth in women, brings away the placenta, helps cramps, convulsions, difficulty of breathing, kills worms, helpsthe dropsy.